by Laura Knight-Jadczyk

from Cassiopaea Webpage



[- Introduction -]
[- 1700 -] [- 1806 -] [- 1823 -] [- 1832 -] [- 1860 -] [- 1889 -] [- 1893 -] [- 1897 -] [- 1898 -] [- 1900 -]
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"The main threat to Democracy comes not from the extreme left but from the extreme right, which is able to buy huge sections of the press and radio, and wages a constant campaign to smear and discredit every progressive and humanitarian measure."

- George Seldes

"There exists a shadowy Government with its own Air Force, its own Navy, its own fundraising mechanism, and the ability to pursue its own ideas of national interest, free from all checks and balances, and free from the law itself."

- Daniel K. Inouye U.S. Senator

This timeline, prepared by a researcher of our Quantum Future School, [JH] with many linked sources, barely scratches the surface. It is our hope that readers will do additional research, and provide us with more links and connections to this spider web of Cosmic COINTELPRO that has blanketed the Earth with Lies, deception, confusion and tricks and traps - the magnets of Impending Global Destruction. See also: Star of Sorcerer’s for additional connections.

A far more extensive timeline could be created by including the information from Freddy Silva’s book on Crop Circles and the research included in the Adventures Series. The reader will also want to read "To Be, or Not to Be" for more background. We will continue to work on the project in hopes that by seeing the various threads together, more people will realize just how it all connects and how totally we have been duped, and how Evil the plans of the Controllers truly are.

"Some of the biggest men in the United States, in the field of commerce and manufacture, are afraid of something. They know that there is a power somewhere so organized, so subtle, so watchful, so interlocked, so complete, so pervasive, that they better not speak above their breath when they speak in condemnation of it."

- Woodrow Wilson,

The New Freedom (1913)

In Mark Hedsel’s book, The Zelator, we are informed that:

"At the end of the last century an astounding revelation was made, as a result of dissent among members of secret Schools. Information, hitherto guarded jealously by the most enclosed of the inner Orders, was made public. The secrets disclosed pertained to a far deeper level of knowledge than has hitherto been made exoteric by the Schools - even in this enlightened age. In a nutshell, what was made public during this conflict in the Schools was the truth that our Moon is a sort of counterweight to another sphere, which remains invisible to ordinary vision. This counterweighted sphere is called in esoteric circles the Eighth Sphere. The truth is that this Eighth Sphere does not pertain to anything we are familiar with on the physical plane, yet we must use words from our own vocabularies whenever we wish to denote its existence. Were we to use a word which fits most appropriately this Sphere, then we should really call it a vacuum. Certainly , Vacuum is a more appropriate term than sphere, for the Eighth Sphere sucks things into its own shadowy existence."

In other words: Hyperdimensional Space and its denizens. And just who were these purported revelations made to? And what might have been the result?

We have been directed to look at a certain time period which would correspond to the activities of such sources, and so we might wish to look at the vast array of literature for internal clues. In reviewing all of this literature, in casting our net far and wide, there is only one source that "fits" the description: Gurdjieff’s metaphor of "Food for the Moon." There is, in fact, a singular remark made by Gurdjieff in conversation with P.D. Ouspensky, recorded by the latter in his book, In Search of the Miraculous that confirms that the information revealed by Gurdjieff was, in fact, related to cyclic catastrophes and their relations to hyperdimensional realities.

Joscelyn Godwin, in his books Arktos and The Hermetic Brotherhood of Luxor, attempted to trace the threads of these ideas to the original sources. Geoffrey Ashe, in his book The Ancient Wisdom made a similar attempt with much better results. Earnest Scott in The People of the Secret states the problem as a legend that the ebb and flow of history are subject to purposive direction from a higher level of understanding, the process being manipulated by a hierarchy of intelligences - the lowest level of which makes physical contact with humanity.

In the following timeline, the reader will obtain a glimpse of how members of the "Elite" on our planet, having been apprised of certain facts, immediately went to work to discover the ways and means for their own escape. It will become clear why these "elites" funded Princeton and other institutions of higher learning, and why they imported all the brains on the planet, to put them to work to devise a method that could be activated at a certain point in time to "transfer perimeters." We also begin to understand why they have made so concerted an effort to keep the masses of humanity deaf, dumb and blind: they are the sheep who will be the "food for the Moon" while the "Masters of the Game" escape.

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Elihu Yale was born near Boston, educated in London, and served with the British East India Company, eventually becoming governor of Fort Saint George, Madras, in 1687. He amassed a great fortune from trade and returned to England in 1699. Yale became known as a philanthropist; upon receiving a request from the Collegiate School in Connecticut, he sent a donation and a gift of books. After subsequent bequests, Cotton Mather suggested the school be named Yale College, in 1718.

A statue of Nathan Hale stands on Old Campus at Yale University. There is a copy of that statue in front of the CIA’s headquarters in Langley, Virginia. Yet another stands in front of Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts (where George H.W. Bush (’48) went to prep school and joined a secret society at age twelve). Nathan Hale, along with three other Yale graduates, was a member of the "Culper Ring," one of America’s first intelligence operations. Established by George Washington, it was successful throughout the Revolutionary War. Nathan was the only operative to be ferreted out by the British, and after speaking his famous regrets, he was hanged in 1776. Ever since the founding of the Republic, the relationship between Yale and the "Intelligence Community" has been unique.

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In Germany, the "scientific method" was being applied to all forms of human endeavor. Prussia, which blamed the defeat of its forces by Napoleon in 1806 on soldiers only thinking about themselves in the stress of battle, took the principles set forth by John Locke and Jean Rosseau and created a new educational system. Johan Fitche, in his "Address to the German People," declared that the children would be taken over by the State and told what to think and how to think it. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel took over Fitche’s chair at the University Of Berlin in 1817, and was a professor there until his death in 1831. Hegel was the culmination of the German idealistic philosophy school of Immanuel Kant. To Hegel, our world is a world of reason. The state is Absolute Reason and the citizen can only become free by worship and obedience to the state. Hegel called the state the "march of God in the world" and the "final end". This final end, Hegel said, "has supreme right against the individual, whose supreme duty is to be a member of the state." Both fascism and communism have their philosophical roots in Hegellianism.

It may be observed that both the extreme right and the extreme left of the conventional political spectrum are absolutely collectivist. The national socialist (for example, the fascist) and the international socialist (for example, the Communist) both recommend totalitarian politico-economic systems based on naked, unfettered political power and individual coercion. Both systems require monopoly control of society. An alternative concept of political ideas and politico-economic systems would be that of ranking the degree of individual freedom versus the degree of centralized political control. Under such an ordering the corporate welfare state and socialism are at the same end of the spectrum. Hence we see that attempts at monopoly control of society can have different labels while owning common features. [Sutton, Wall Street and the Bolshevik Revolution]

The major barrier to understanding the events of the past two hundred years is the COINTELPRO debunking labels of "right vs. left," or red vs. black, communist vs. fascist, and so on. The erroneous idea that all capitalists are the bitter enemies of all Marxists and socialists originated with Karl Marx and was undoubtedly useful to his purposes. It is, in fact, nonsense.

There has been a continuing, albeit concealed, alliance between international political capitalists and international revolutionary socialists - to their mutual benefit. This alliance has gone unobserved largely because academic historians have an unconscious Marxian bias and are thus locked into the impossibility of any such alliance existing. There are two clues: monopoly capitalists are the bitter enemies of laissez-faire entrepreneurs; and, given the weaknesses of socialist central planning, the totalitarian socialist state is a perfect captive market for monopoly capitalists, if an alliance can be made with the socialist powerbrokers. Suppose - and it is only hypothesis at this point - that American monopoly capitalists were able to reduce a planned socialist Russia to the status of a captive technical colony? Would not this be the logical twentieth-century internationalist extension of the Morgan railroad monopolies and the Rockefeller petroleum trust of the late nineteenth century? [Sutton]

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Samuel Russell established Russell and Company for the purpose of acquiring opium in Turkey and smuggling it to China. Russell and Company merged with the Perkins (Boston) syndicate in 1830 and became the primary American opium smuggler. Many of the great American and European fortunes were built on the "China" (opium) trade. One of Russell and Company’s Chief of Operations in Canton was Warren Delano, Jr., grandfather of Franklin Roosevelt. Other Russell partners included John Cleve Green (who financed Princeton), Abiel Low (who financed construction of Columbia), Joseph Coolidge and the Perkins, Sturgis and Forbes families. (Coolidge’s son organized the United Fruit company, and his grandson, Archibald C. Coolidge, was a co-founder of the Council on Foreign Relations both of which will be itemized further on.)


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William Huntington Russell, Samuel’s cousin, studied in Germany from 1831-32. Hegellian philosophy was very much in vogue during William Russell’s time in Germany. When Russell returned to Yale in 1832, he formed a senior society with Alphonso Taft. According to information acquired from a break-in to the "tomb" (the Skull and Bones meeting hall) in 1876, "Bones is a chapter of a corps in a German University.... General Russell, its founder, was in Germany before his Senior Year and formed a warm friendship with a leading member of a German society. He brought back with him to college, authority to found a chapter here." So class valedictorian William H. Russell, along with fourteen others, became the founding members of "The Order of Scull and Bones," later changed to "The Order of Skull and Bones".


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1860’s and 70’s
Abraham and Sarah Warburg had three children: Moritz, Siegmund and a daughter (unnamed in ref) who married Paul Schiff. Schiff was a director of Vienna’s Creditanstalt Bank, which was controlled by Baron Albert Rothschild. The Schiff’s and Rothschild families used to share the same house in Frankfurt. Siegmund developed close ties to Baron Lionell von Rothschild of the London family. While Moritz worked with Baron Alphonse Rothschild of Paris, Baron Leopold of London and Baron Albert of Vienna. Moritz had five sons that were later dubbed the Hamburger 5. Two of them, Felix and Paul moved to the U.S. Paul married the daughter of Mr. Soloman Loeb and Felix married the daughter of Jacob Schiff. Felix’s daughter Carola married Walter N. Rothschild of Brooklyn.

Jacob Schiff was born on January 10, 1847, in Frankfurt- am-Main, Germany. The son of Moses and Clara (Niederhofheim) Schiff, he was a descendant of a distinguished rabbinical family that could trace its lineage back to 1370. He received a secular and religious education at the Israelitische Religionsgesellschaft. He came to America and went to work in a brokerage firm in New York and he later became a partner in Budae, Schiff and Company. He met and fell in love with Theresa Loeb, the daughter of Solomon Loeb, head of the banking firm, Kuhn, Loeb and Company. They were married on May 6, 1875, and he entered her father’s firm. had come to the U.S. in the 1870’s and with his connections to the Rothschilds of Vienna gave the financial connections necessary to make Kuhn and Loeb the 2nd largest investment bank in the U.S., just behind J.P. Morgan.


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Robert Sterling Clark, heir to the Singer Fortune, graduated from Yale University’s Sheffield Scientific School with a degree in engineering. He then entered the United States Army, which sent him to Manila and also to China.


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Cleveland takes office and 2 months later the Panic of 1893 sweeps the country. He calls a special session of Congress to deal with the currency situation.

McKinley, aiming at the Republican nomination for the presidency, makes hundreds of speeches throughout the country in the congressional campaign. He comes to be known as "the advance agent of prosperity."


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William McKinley, after waging a "front porch" campaign, is the 25th president. The Republicans also win control of both houses of Congress. There will be unbroken Republican control of the presidency and both houses for 14 years. John Hay, one of the country’s greatest diplomats, who had been private secretary to Lincoln, secretary of the legations at Paris, Vienna, and Madrid, and Hayes’ assistant secretary of state, is McKinley’s secretary of state.

Jacob Schiff attained considerable prestige in banking circles when he provided the financial backing that enabled railroad magnate Edward H. Harriman to purchase control of the bankrupt Union Pacific Railroad.

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After an explosion on the night of February 15th rips through the U.S. ship Maine, anchored in Havana Harbor, killing 267 officers and men, the newspapers of Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolph Hearst stir up anger in the U.S. and help to push it toward war with Spain. McKinley makes every effort to avoid war, but even his own assistant secretary of the navy, Theodore Roosevelt, wants war. He is forced to recommend it to Congress. On April 25th Congress declares war on Spain to the shouts of "Remember the Maine and Hell with Spain!" But the true cause of the explosion will remain a mystery.

Warren Harding is elected to the Ohio State Senate. His party loyalty and ability to get party agreement on programs will gain him popularity.

The Paris Peace Treaty of December 10th gives Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines to the U.S. and liberates Cuba. The new responsibilities will bring the U.S. into closer contact with the great powers of Europe and Asia.

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McKinley, the most popular chief executive since Abraham Lincoln, is re-nominated with Theodore Roosevelt as vice president. The prosperity of the nation continues. One of the best Republican slogans is "four years more of the full dinner-pail."

J. Henry Schroder Banking Company is listed as Number 2 in capitalization on the list of the seventeen merchant bankers who make up the exclusive Accepting Houses Committee in London. Although it is almost unknown in the United States, it has played a large part in our history. Like the others on this list, it had first to be approved by the Bank of England. The von Schroders began their banking operations in Hamburg, Germany. In 1900, Baron Bruno von Schroder established the London branch of the firm. He was soon joined by Frank Cyril Tiarks, in 1902. Tiarks married Emma Franziska of Hamburg, and was a director of the Bank of England from 1912 to 1945.

Robert Sterling Clark - helped to suppress the Boxer Rebellion. In July 1900 his courageous and distinguished participation in the capture of Tientsin earned him the commission of first lieutenant, and Clark subsequently took part in the siege and capture of Peking (Beijing).

Emile Francqui, director of a large Belgian bank, Societe Generale, and a London mining promoter, an American named Herbert Hoover, who had been associated with Francqui in a number of scandals which had become celebrated court cases, notably the Kaiping Coal Company scandal in China, said to have set off the Boxer Rebellion, which had as its goal the expulsion of all foreign businessmen from China.


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William Taft is appointed civil governor of the Philippines, with full responsibility for reorganizing the national and municipal government, the judiciary and police, and the taxation system.

Princeton University trustees unanimously elect Woodrow Wilson president of the university on June 9th. He is determined to build the university into an institution that will produce leaders and statesmen.

Robert Sterling Clark - still in the Army - returns to Washington.

On September 6th, President McKinley makes a final public appearance in the Temple of Music of the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York. He is notorious for discounting his own personal safety at public appearances and has repeatedly resisted attempts by his personal secretary, George Cortelyou, to cancel the event. Cortelyou tightens security as best he can. But anarchist Leon Czolgosz (after hearing notorious anarchist leader Emma Goldman speak about action against the government 2 weeks before) shoots McKinley. Roosevelt hastens to Buffalo. Assured that the president is recovering and out of danger, he joins his family at a camp in the Adirondack Mountains.

Secretary of State John Hay has already experienced the assassinations of 2 presidents, Abraham Lincoln (he was his personal secretary) and James Garfield (a close friend and confidant). He is afraid the president will die, although everyone else is optimistic. McKinley dies 8 days later on September 14th.

Theodore Roosevelt (R) becomes the American President.

With a few companions, Roosevelt climbs up Mount Tahawus. A guide overtakes him with the news that the president is dying. Roosevelt’s company undertakes a 10-mile hike to the nearest road, then a wild night ride by horse and buggy over 40 miles of roads dangerously washed by heavy rains a few days earlier. They reach the railroad station at 5:30 a.m., where a special train is waiting to rush Roosevelt to Buffalo. He takes the oath of office after McKinley’s death in the home of a friend on the afternoon of September 14th.

At the end of the year, President Roosevelt requests that Taft replace Elihu Root as secretary of war. Later during an illness of John Hay, Taft is acting secretary of state. After Hay’s death, Root will return to the Cabinet as secretary of state. Roosevelt, Taft, and Root work so well together that they will come to be known as the Three Musketeers.

Jacob Schiff was a major figure in the protracted but ultimately inconclusive struggle for control of the Northern Pacific Railroad, backing Harriman against James J. Hill and his banker, J.P. Morgan. The struggle brought about the stock market panic of 1901, and the warring factions agreed to a compromise, banding together to form the Northern Securities Company.

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The US Dept of Commerce and Labor is established.

Thomas Edison produces the first ’western’ The Great Train Robbery.’

Henry Ford founds Ford Motors.

Robert Sterling Clark - still in the Army - returns to Peking China.

Yale Divinity School set up a program of schools and hospitals in China.  Mao Zedong was among the staff. During the intrigues of China in the 1930s and ’40s, American intelligence called upon the resources of "Yale in China", and George Bush’s cousin and fellow "Bonesman" Reuben Holden.

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The foundations of eugenics were laid down in the 19th century by Francis Galton. A cousin of Charles Darwin and a man of wayward brilliance, Galton was convinced of the need to improve human stock by selective breeding.

At the start of the 20th century, industrialists like Andrew Carnegie and John D Rockefeller saw a justification for competitive capitalism in Darwin’s ’survival of the fittest’. Eugenics would surely be the logical step forward, enabling man to command his own evolution in a way that was efficient and progressive. In 1904, the Carnegie Institution founded a centre for genetic research at Cold Spring Harbour, with Charles Davenport as director. Davenport soon turned his attention to human inheritance. Along with such purely genetic traits as albinism and Huntington’s disease, he also traced conditions like alcoholism and ’feeble-mindedness’ through family lineages. He pronounced these to be Mendelian in nature.

The American eugenic movement involved itself with legislation to restrict immigration for those not of Anglo-Saxon or Nordic heritage.

Lt. Frank H. Schofield,

"Three objects appeared beneath the clouds, their color a rather bright red. As they approached the ship they appeared to soar, passing above the broken clouds. After rising above the clouds they appeared to be moving directly away from the earth. The largest had an apparent area of about six suns. It was egg-shaped, the larger end forward. The second was about twice the size of the sun, and the third, about the size of the sun. Their near approach to the surface appeared to be most remarkable. That they did come below the clouds and soar instead of continuing their southeasterly course is also curious. The lights were in sight for over two minutes and were carefully observed by three people whose accounts agree as to the details."

Lt. Frank H. Schofield, later to become Commander-in-Chief of the Pacific Fleet, aboard the U.S.S. Supply off of the eastern coast of Korea, February 28, 1904

Schiff, Harriman, Hill and Morgan - The legality of the Northern Securities Company was challenged by President Theodore Roosevelt under the anti-trust laws, and the Supreme Court ordered the company dissolved in 1904. Schiff’s banking firm also arranged numerous other transactions involving major railroads throughout the country, most notably the Pennsylvania Railroad. Through Kuhn, Loeb, and Company he played a central role in securing $200,000,000 in loans for Japan in the United States in 1904 during the Russo-Japanese War, for which he was subsequently decorated by the emperor of Japan. Schiff was angry over the anti-Semitic pogroms and policies of the czar. Helping Japan fight Russia was one of his methods of striking back at anti-Semitism.

[Al Gore’s daughter Karenna Gore married Andrew Schiff, a descendant of Jacob Schiff.]

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Albert Einstein’s "Theory of Special Relativity." See, "Elektrodynamik Bewegter Kärper," 17 Annalen der Physik, pp. 891-921. (1905).

Robert Sterling Clark - still in the Army - travels to the West Indies to begin preparations for an ambitious undertaking: an expedition to a remote area of northern China.

The beginning of the 20th century saw eugenicists questioning the health of the German race. The ’poorer’ specimens of the race - the ’ill-educated, disease-ridden lower classes’ in particular - were tending to breed more than the ’better’ specimens. Social reforms and improved medical care only exacerbated the problem by helping the less fit survive and therefore stopping what Charles Darwin had termed ’natural selection’. With such fears in mind, the Society for Racial Hygiene was founded by Alfred Ploetz in 1905. It would be fair to say that initially the Society was not overtly racist. Indeed, Ploetz himself applauded the Jewish race as being equal in merit to the Nordic. Although never large in numbers, the Society grew in influence, particularly in the years following World War I.

Franklin Roosevelt marries Anna Eleanor Roosevelt, his 6th cousin, on March 17th. President Theodore Roosevelt comes to New York City to give the bride away. His liberal ideas and strong leadership will help Franklin decide on a career in public service.

Rumania, Bucovina . During the evening a retired doctor saw a brightly glowing elongated, saucer-shaped object bigger than the moon traveling steadily westwards.

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The Race Betterment Foundation was set up in Michigan, U.S.A., by J.H. Kellogg of cornflakes fame.

Canada, in the North Atlantic, NE of Newfoundland, deck of the ship St Andrew.

"I saw three meteors fall into the water dead ahead of the ship one after another at a distance of about five miles. Although it was daylight, they left a red streak in the air from zenith to the horizon. Simultaneously the third engineer shouted to me. I then saw a huge meteor on the port beam falling in a zigzag manner less than a mile away to the southward. We could distinctly hear the hissing of water as it touched. It fell with a rocking motion leaving a broad red streak in its wake. The meteor must have weighed several tons, and appeared to be 10 to 15 feet in diameter. It was saucer shaped which probably accounted for the peculiar rocking motion. When the mass of metal struck the water the spray and steam rose to a height of at least 40 feet, and for a few moments looked like the mouth of a crater. If it had been night, the meteor would have illuminated the sea for 50 or 60 miles."

China Sea. Giant luminous wheels were seen by a British steamer.

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Inspired by Galton’s ideas, the Eugenics Education Society of UK was founded with the explicit aim of spreading the doctrine of genetic improvement throughout the land. Galton became its honorary president in 1908. Galton’s protëgë, Karl Pearson, a statistician of real originality, developed the founder’s ideas of human measurement and formed the Biometric Laboratory at University College, London in the 1890s. If Galton was an enthusiast, Pearson was a fanatic - a cold, calculating measurer of man who claimed to be a socialist, but loathed the working class. His journal Biometrika became influential, particularly in the United States. In 1911 he became the first Galton Professor of Eugenics at London University, a post created in accordance with Galton’s will. Galton’s movement never achieved legislative power in Britain. The story was different in the US.

Panic of 1907 results in a public outcry that the nation’s monetary system be stabilized.

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The Tunguska meteorite. A mysterious fireball exploded over Tunguska in Siberia, creating shock waves felt miles away and setting 1,200 acres on fire. In 1927, Russian scientists first visit the sight of the blast. They find no meteorite fragments.

Robert Sterling Clark - still in the Army - undertakes an ambitious expedition to a remote area of northern China. Under Clark’s leadership an expedition of thirty-six men carried out zoological and ethnological research and made the first map of a little-known area of China between 1908 and 1909. This expedition came to an abrupt end, however, when the party’s Indian surveyor and interpreter, Hazrat Ali, was killed by the Chinese. Clark returned to the United States and published a vivid account of the day-to-day experiences of the expedition together with its scientific results: Through Shên-kan: The Account of the Clark Expedition in North China, 1908-1909, by Robert Sterling Clark and Arthur de C. Sowerby, ed. by Major C. H. Chepmell (London and Leipzig: T. Fisher Unwin, 1912). Clark describes:

The visitor to Hsi-an, as he travels over the rolling plain from no matter what direction, cannot fail to notice numerous mound of unusual shape dotted about everywhere like immense molehills, often attaining a height of at least 100 feet, and standing on bases of very considerable area. [...] they are the tombs of kings and emperors, and their wives, and of scholars and sages notable in their day. [...] Concerning some, fantastic legends still linger in the minds of the people. [p.45]

Sowerby and Clark nowhere refer to the mounds as "pyramids."

Bulgaria, Sofia. A very bright spherical object flew slowly above a square one afternoon.

President Theodore Roosevelt signed into law the bill creating the National Monetary Commission.

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England. Mystery airships seen almost exclusively at night, once again visited many parts of Britain. Mostly described as oblong in shape and equipped with a large searchlight, the craft was capable of propelling itself through the air at great speed.

Persian Gulf. Objects described as rotating wheels, which could go under water were sighted and a Danish captain.

Vietnam. Fishermen located at the port city of Dong Hui; saw an elongated brightly lit object flying over the community for nearly ten minutes. It then disappeared after plunging into the sea of the cost.

Creation of British MI5 and MI6 - the world’s oldest secret intelligence agencies. A military section (MOT, became MI5) and a naval section (M1-1C, later MI6).

November 22, a delegation of the nation’s leading financiers led by Senator Nelson Aldrich, head of the National Monetary Commission, attend a meeting at Jekyll Island, Georgia. Accompanying Senator Aldrich were his private secretary, Shelton; A. Piatt Andrew, Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, and Special Assistant of the National Monetary Commission; Frank Vanderlip, president of the National City Bank of New York, Henry P. Davison, senior partner of J.P. Morgan Company, and generally regarded as Morgan’s personal emissary; and Charles D. Norton, president of the Morgan-dominated First National Bank of New York. Joining the group just before the train left the station were Benjamin Strong, also known as a lieutenant of J.P. Morgan; and Paul Warburg, (see above) from Germany (who had married the daughter of Solomon Loeb, and whose father was closely associated with the Rothchilds) joined the banking house of Kuhn, Loeb. (Prof. Nathaniel Wright Stephenson, Paul Warburg’s Memorandum, Nelson Aldrich A Leader in American Politics, Scribners, N.Y. 1930)

[...] Nelson (Aldrich) had confided to Henry, Frank, Paul and Piatt that he was to keep them locked up at Jekyll Island, out of the rest of the world, until they had evolved and compiled a scientific currency system for the United States, the real birth of the present Federal Reserve System, the plan done on Jekyll Island in the conference with Paul, Frank and Henry . . . . Warburg is the link that binds the Aldrich system and the present system together. He more than any one man has made the system possible as a working reality. The full complement of "guests" may never be known, but the New York Times later noted, on May 3, 1931, in commenting on the death of George F. Baker, one of J.P. Morgan’s closest associates, that "Jekyll Island Club has lost one of its most distinguished members. One-sixth of the total wealth of the world was represented by the members of the Jekyll Island Club." Membership was by inheritance only.

Why all this secrecy? Why this thousand mile trip in a closed railway car to a remote hunting club? Ostensibly, it was to carry out a program of public service, to prepare banking reform which would be a boon to the people of the United States, which had been ordered by the National Monetary Commission.

The participants were no strangers to public benefactions. Usually, their names were inscribed on brass plaques, or on the exteriors of buildings which they had donated. This was not the procedure which they followed at Jekyll Island. No brass plaque was ever erected to mark the selfless actions of those who met at their private hunt club in 1910 to improve the lot of every citizen of the United States. In fact, no benefaction took place at Jekyll Island. The Aldrich group journeyed there in private to write the banking and currency legislation which the National Monetary Commission had been ordered to prepare in public. At stake was the future control of the money and credit of the United States. If any genuine monetary reform had been prepared and presented to Congress, it would have ended the power of the elitist one world money creators. Jekyll Island ensured that a central bank would be established in the United States which would give these bankers everything they had always wanted. [...]

The "monetary reform" plan prepared at Jekyll Island was to be presented to Congress as the completed work of the National Monetary Commission. It was imperative that the real authors of the bill remain hidden. So great was popular resentment against bankers since the Panic of 1907 that no Congressman would dare to vote for a bill bearing the Wall Street taint, no matter who had contributed to his campaign expenses. The Jekyll Island plan was a central bank plan, and in this country there was a long tradition of struggle against inflicting a central bank on the American people. It had begun with Thomas Jefferson’s fight against Alexander Hamilton’s scheme for the First Bank of the United States, backed by James Rothschild. It had continued with President Andrew Jackson’s successful war against Alexander Hamilton’s scheme for the Second Bank of the United States, in which Nicholas Biddle was acting as the agent for James Rothschild of Paris. The result of that struggle was the creation of the Independent Sub-Treasury System, which supposedly had served to keep the funds of the United States out of the hands of the financiers. A study of the panics of 1873, 1893, and 1907 indicates that these panics were the result of the international bankers’ operations in London. The public was demanding in 1908 that Congress enact legislation to prevent the recurrence of artificially induced money panics. Such monetary reform now seemed inevitable. It was to head off and control such reform that the National Monetary Commission had been set up with Nelson Aldrich at its head, since he was majority leader of the Senate. [...]

In the chapter on Jekyll Island in his biography of Aldrich, Stephenson writes of the conference:

"How was the Reserve Bank to be controlled? It must be controlled by Congress. The government was to be represented in the board of directors, it was to have full knowledge of all the Bank’s, affairs, but a majority of the directors were to be chosen, directly or indirectly, by the banks of the association." [...]

In the final refinement of Warburg’s plan, the Federal Reserve Board of Governors would be appointed by the President of the United States, but the real work of the Board would be controlled by a Federal Advisory Council, meeting with the Governors. The Council would be chosen by the directors of the twelve Federal Reserve Banks, and would remain unknown to the public. [...]

This patent removal of the system from Congressional control meant that the Federal Reserve proposal was unconstitutional from its inception, because the Federal Reserve System was to be a bank of issue. Article 1, Sec. 8, Par. 5 of the Constitution expressly charges Congress with "the power to coin money and regulate the value thereof.". Warburg’s plan would deprive Congress of its sovereignty, and the systems of checks and balances of power set up by Thomas Jefferson in the Constitution would now be destroyed. [...]

The participants in the Jekyll Island conference returned to New York to direct a nationwide propaganda campaign in favor of the "Aldrich Plan". Three of the leading universities, Princeton, Harvard, and the University of Chicago, were used as the rallying points for this propaganda, and national banks had to contribute to a fund of five million dollars to persuade the American public that this central bank plan should be enacted into law by Congress. [...]

Woodrow Wilson, governor of New Jersey and former president of Princeton University, was enlisted as a spokesman for the Aldrich Plan. During the Panic of 1907, Wilson had declared,

"All this trouble could be averted if we appointed a committee of six or seven public-spirited men like J.P. Morgan to handle the affairs of our country."

(Secrets of the Federal Reserve, Griffin, 1952)

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With the financial support of the Harriman and Rockefeller families, Charles Davenport established the Eugenics Record Office at Cold Spring Harbour and appointed Harry Laughlin as its superintendent.

Normandy. The crew of a French fishing boat operating off the coast saw ’a large, black, bird-like object’ fall from the sky into the sea, then bounded back before it fell once more and disappeared under the waves.

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A political cartoon drawn by cartoonist Robert Minor for the St. Louis Post-Dispatch in 1911 made an unusual statement. Minor’s cartoon portrays a bearded, beaming Karl Marx standing in Wall Street with Socialism tucked under his arm and accepting the congratulations of financial luminaries J.P. Morgan, Morgan partner George W. Perkins, a smug John D. Rockefeller, John D. Ryan of National City Bank, and Teddy Roosevelt - prominently identified by his famous teeth - in the background. Wall Street is decorated by Red flags. The cheering crowd and the airborne hats suggest that Karl Marx must have been a fairly popular sort of fellow in the New York financial district.

"A pamphlet was issued January 16, 1911, 'Suggested Plan for Monetary Legislation’, by Hon. Nelson Aldrich, based on Jekyll Island conclusions. An organization for financial progress has been formed. Mr. Warburg introduced a resolution authorizing the establishment of the Citizens’ League, later the National Citizens League . . . Professor Laughlin of the University of Chicago was given charge of the League’s propaganda." (biography of Nelson Aldrich by Stephenson, 1930)

The two most tireless propagandists for the Aldrich Plan were Professor O.M. Sprague of Harvard, and J. Laurence Laughlin of the University of Chicago. Congressman Charles A. Lindbergh, Sr., notes:

"J. Laurence Laughlin, Chairman of the Executive Committee of the National Citizens’ League since its organization, has returned to his position as professor of political economics in the University of Chicago. In June, 1911, Professor Laughlin was given a year’s leave from the university, that he might give all of his time to the campaign of education undertaken by the League . . . He has worked indefatigably, and it is largely due to his efforts and his persistence that the campaign enters the final stage with flattering prospects of a successful outcome . . . The reader knows that the University of Chicago is an institution endowed by John D. Rockefeller, with nearly fifty million dollars."

(Secrets of the Federal Reserve, Griffin, 1952)

Testifying before the Committee on Rules, December 15, 1911, after the Aldrich plan had been introduced in Congress, Congressman Lindbergh stated,

"Our financial system is a false one and a huge burden on the people . . . I have alleged that there is a Money Trust. The Aldrich plan is a scheme plainly in the interest of the Trust . . . Why does the Money Trust press so hard for the Aldrich Plan now, before the people know what the money trust has been doing? [...]


The Aldrich Plan is the Wall Street Plan. It is a broad challenge to the Government by the champion of the Money Trust. It means another panic, if necessary, to intimidate the people. Aldrich, paid by the Government to represent the people, proposes a plan for the trusts instead. It was by a very clever move that the National Monetary Commission was created. In 1907 nature responded most beautifully and gave this country the most bountiful crop it had ever had. Other industries were busy too, and from a natural standpoint all the conditions were right for a most prosperous year. Instead, a panic entailed enormous losses upon us.

Wall Street knew the American people were demanding a remedy against the recurrence of such a ridiculously unnatural condition. Most Senators and Representatives fell into the Wall Street trap and passed the Aldrich Vreeland Emergency Currency Bill. But the real purpose was to get a monetary commission which would frame a proposition for amendments to our currency and banking laws which would suit the Money Trust. The interests are now busy everywhere educating the people in favor of the Aldrich Plan. It is reported that a large sum of money has been raised for this purpose. Wall Street speculation brought on the Panic of 1907. The depositors’ funds were loaned to gamblers and anybody the Money Trust wanted to favour. Then when the depositors wanted their money, the banks did not have it. That made the panic."

(Charles A. Lindbergh, Sr., Banking, Currency and the Money Trust, 1913, p. 131)

The Aldrich Plan never came to a vote in Congress, because the Republicans lost control of the House in 1910, and subsequently lost the Senate and the Presidency in 1912.

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