He was wise and skillful at all crafts; he was a brilliant scientist, geneticist and engineer.
Enki with two streams of water
erupting from his shoulders
from a cylinder seal.
Emerging from the mountain's depths
is the Sumerian sun-god Utu (Akkadian Shamash)
holding his saw-sword.
Above in the air hovers Inanna (Akkadian Ishtar)
the lady of heaven
(p. 19. John Gray. Near Eastern Mythology
London, Hamlyn House Ltd. 1969).
Adda Seal (c. 2300 BC)
credit: British Museum
Enki is associated with the city of Eridu in the southern Mesopotamia.
In Sumerian mythology,
Eridu (E.RI.DU - 'Home in the Faraway Built') was one of the
earliest and most sacred cities of the Sumerians. Enki was worshiped
at Eridu and there he had his his temple, E-abzu ('house of the abzu'),
which was also known as E-engur-ra ('house of the subterranean
Streams of water flow
from his arms to the ground, sometimes with fish swimming along the
flow, which symbolizes the subterranean waters of the abzu.
Ea (seated) and attendant deities,
Sumerian cylinder seal, c. 2300 BC.
Image credit: Pierpont Morgan Library, New York
The abzu, which was a
magic place full of divine powers, was frequently visited by gods
who wanted to steal some of Enki's powers.
Enki created fertile lands and cities of Mesopotamia.
He created fish in rivers and wild animals in the steppes. He provided seeds of wheat, bean, and barley and raised corn on the fields. He created sheep and cowsheds, brought civilization to humankind and taught humans how to construct canals and plan temples,
In the myth "Adapa and
the South Wind" (or 'Adapa
and the South Wind - Language Has the Power of Life and Death'), Enki (Ea) helps humanity keep the gift of
incantations and according to the Sumerian epic poem entitled "Inanna and Enki",
he was the one who dedicated the art of writing to the people of
earth and he was the keeper of the divine powers called "Me", the
gifts of civilization and he controlled them.
It is also mentioned that the Anunnaki several times, they,