Our main focus is on the imperial dynamics
driving the US toward greater military confrontations, up to and including
conditions which can lead to a world war.
The recent decades provide ample evidence of contradictory experiences. Summarily we can identify several phases in which empire-building has experienced broad advances and sharp setbacks - with certain caveats.
We are looking at global processes, in which there are also limited counter-tendencies: In the midst of large-scale imperial advances, particular regions, countries or movements successfully resisted or even reversed the imperial thrust.
Secondly, the cyclical nature of empire-building in no way puts in doubt the imperial character of the state and economy and its relentless drive to dominate, exploit and accumulate.
Thirdly, the methods and strategy directing each
imperial advance differ according to changes among targeted countries.
Between 2000-2008 empire-building was under
siege and in retreat.
Under the leadership of President Vladimir Putin, the Russian state was reconstructed; pillage and disintegration was reversed. The economy was harnessed to domestic development. The military was integrated into a system of national defense and security.
Russia once again became a major player in
regional and international politics.
The US economic empire was in retreat.
'Post neo-liberal' administrations emerged in,
US empire-builders suffered several strategic
In its place, Washington signed bi-lateral agreements with,
Latin America diversified its markets in Asia and Europe: China replaced the US as its main trading partner.
Extractive development strategies and high
commodity prices financed greater social spending and political
Caribbean economies achieved greater independence and economic viability through membership in PETROCARIBE, a program through which they received petrol from Venezuela at subsidized prices.
Central American and Andean countries increased
security and trade via the regional organization, ALBA. Venezuela provided
an alternative development model to the US-centered neo-liberal approach, in
which earnings from the extractive economy financed large-scale social
The empire lost Asian and Latin American markets to China. Latin America gained greater political independence. The Middle East became 'contested terrain'. A revised and stronger Russian state opposed further encroachments on its borders.
Military resistance and defeats in Afghanistan,
Somalia, Iraq and Lebanon challenged US dominance.
To that end Obama has developed a primarily military strategy,
The empire-building offensive of the 21st century differs from that of the previous decade in several crucial ways: Neo-liberal economic doctrines are discredited and electorates are not so easily convinced of the beneficence of falling under US hegemony.
In other words, empire-builders cannot rely on
diplomacy, elections and free market propaganda to expand their imperial
reach as they did in the 1990's.
Diplomatic duplicity and broken agreements
replaced negotiated settlements - on a grand scale.
Covert killer operations under the US Special
Forces expanded throughout the world. Obama assumed dictatorial
prerogatives, including the power to order the arbitrary assassination of
Thugs, mobs, Islamist terrorists, Zionist militarists and a medley of retrograde separatist assassins were the tools of imperial advance.
The choice of imperial proxies varied according
to time and political circumstances.
While an offensive military strategy is still on
the Pentagon's drawing board, the Obama regime is building up its maritime
armada a few short miles off China's coast, expanding its military bases in
the Philippines, Australia and Japan and tightening the noose around China's
strategic maritime routes for vital imports like oil, gas and raw materials.
Joint military maneuvers, high-level military coordination and meetings between Japanese and Indian military officials are seen by the Pentagon as strategic advances in isolating China and reinforcing the US stranglehold on China's maritime routes to the Middle East, Southeast Asia and beyond.
India, according to one of India's leading weeklies, is viewed,
The US is also escalating its support for violent separatist movements in China, namely the Tibetans, Uighurs and other Islamists.
Obama's meeting with the Dali Lama was
emblematic of Washington's efforts to foment internal unrest.
Ambassador Locke openly met with Uighur and
Tibetan separatists and publicly disparaged China's economic success and
political system while openly encouraging opposition politics (FT, 2/28/14,
Washington's empire-builders continued to seek Russian 'cooperation and collaboration' in undermining independent states, isolating China and pursuing its colonial wars.
The Russian state, under Putin and Medvedev, had sought to accommodate U.S. empire builders via negotiated agreements, which would enhance Russia's position in Europe, recognize Russian strategic borders and acknowledge Russian security concerns.
However, Russian diplomacy secured few and
transitory gains while the US and EU made major gains with Russian
complicity and passivity.
They then bombed Serbia in order to carve off Kosovo, destroying one of the few independent countries still allied with Russia. The U.S. then moved on to foment uprisings in Georgia, Ukraine and Chechnya.
bombed, invaded and later occupied Iraq - a
former Russian ally in the Gulf region.
In 2008 Washington's puppet regime in Georgia,
tested the mettle of the Russian state by launching an assault on South
Ossetia, killing at least 10 Russian peacekeepers and wounding hundreds (not
to mention thousands of civilians). Then-Russian President Medvedev
responded by sending the Russian armed forces to repel Georgian troops and
support the independence of Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
Duplicity trumped open-diplomacy. Despite agreements to the contrary, U.S. bases and missile installations were established throughout Eastern Europe, pointing at Russia, under the pretext that they were "really targeting Iran".
Even as Russia protested that post-Cold War
agreements were breached, the Empire ignored Moscow's complaints and
NATO immediately took this as the 'green light' for attack and converted 'humanitarian intervention' into a devastating aerial bombing campaign that led to the overthrow of Libya's legitimate government and the destruction of Libya as viable, independent North African state.
By signing the 'humanitarian' UN agreement,
Russia and China lost a friendly government and trading partner in Africa!
Even earlier, the Russians had agreed to allow the US to transport weapons
and troops through Russian Federation territory to support the US invasion
of Afghanistan… with no reciprocal gain (except perhaps an even greater
flood of Afghan heroin).
Moscow believed that by backing US sanctions on Iran and granting transport routes to Afghanistan in late 2001 they would receive some 'security guarantees' from the Americans regarding the separatist movements in the Caucuses.
The U.S. 'reciprocated' by further backing
Chechen separatist leaders exiled in the US despite the on-going terror
campaigns against Russian civilians - up to and even after the Chechen
slaughter of hundreds of school children and teachers in Beslan in 2004…
Putin sought to secure a negotiated end to the
Western-Gulf Monarchist-backed mercenary invasion of Damascus. To little
avail: The US and EU increased arms shipments, military trainers and
financing to the 30,000 Islamist mercenaries based in Jordan as they engaged
in cross-border attacks to overthrow the Syrian government.
The Obama regime financed a coalition of armed neo-Nazi street fighters and neo-liberal politicos, to the tune of $5 billion dollars, to overthrow the elected regime. The putschists then moved to end Crimean autonomy and break long-standing military treaty agreements with Russia.
Under enormous pressure from the autonomous
Crimean government and the vast majority of the population and facing the
critical loss of its naval and military facilities on the Black Sea, Putin,
finally, forcefully moved Russian troops into a defensive mode in Crimea.
The Ukraine power grab signaled the biggest geo-political challenge to the continued existence of the Russian state.
Obama seeks to extend and deepen the imperial
sweep across Europe to the Caucuses: the violent regime coup and subsequent
defense of the puppet regime in Kiev are key elements in undermining a key
adversary - Russia.
Russia reacted in the only language understood in Washington and Brussels: with a major military mobilization.
Obama's advance of 'empire-building via salami
tactics' and duplicitous diplomacy was nearing an end.
Defeats in Afghanistan, withdrawal from Iraq,
the demise of puppet regimes in Egypt and Tunisia, election losses in the
Ukraine and the defeat and demise of pro-U.S. neo-liberal regimes in Latin
America were exacerbated by a deepening economic crisis in the imperial
centers of Europe and Wall Street.
Yet his regime was determined to end the retreat
and advance the empire; he resorted to tactics and strategies more akin to
19th century colonial and 20th century totalitarian regimes.
The mass media alternated between pressuring for greater military escalation and endorsing the existing level of imperial warfare.
The entire political spectrum in Europe and the
US shifted rightward - even as the majority of the electorate rejected new
military engagements, especially ground wars.
Syria was targeted - tens of thousands of
Islamist extremists were recruited and funded by imperial regimes and
despotic Gulf monarchies. Millions of refugees fled, tens of thousands were
In the face of Maduro's win in Venezuela,
Washington backed several months of mob street violence in an attempt to
destabilize the country.
Obama's strategic imperial goals have focused on the re-conquest and pillage of Russia and its return to the vassal status of the Boris Yeltsin years, Latin America's return to the neo-liberal regimes of 1990's and China to the submissiveness of the 1980's.
The imperial strategy has been 'to conquer from
within' setting the stage for domination from the outside.
Washington's wars and sanctions in the Middle
East have been largely at the behest of influential 'Israel Firsters' in the
White House, Pentagon, Treasury and National Security Council and Congress.
By concentrating on 'wars for Israel'
the Middle East, the U.S. has not been in a position to challenge
the rise of nationalism and populism in Latin America. Protracted 'wars for
Israel' have exhausted the US economy and the American public's enthusiasm
for new ground wars elsewhere.
His 'pivot to Asia' has turned into a strategy of brute military encirclement of China. His overtures to Iran have been stymied by the Zionist power bloc in Congress and the imposition of Israeli-dictated terms of negotiations. The entire "advance of the empire-building project", which was to define the Obama legacy, has been weakened by the enormous cost of heeding the advice and directives of the Israel-loyalists within his Administration.
Israel, one of the most brutal colonial powers,
has paradoxically and unintentionally played a major role in undermining
Obama's efforts to reverse the decline of empire and advance the U.S.
diplomatic and economic dimensions of empire-building
China is no longer a rising market economy so
eager to trade with the US while overlooking American incursions into
Chinese territorial waters. Today China is a major economic power, wielding
economic leverage in the form of $3 Trillion in U.S. Treasury notes. China
no longer tolerates U.S. interference in its domestic politics - it is
willing to crack down on U.S.-backed ethnic separatists and terrorists.
Venezuela has turned its military, once the
favorite instrument of US-engineered coups, into a bulwark of the existing
The balance sheet of six years of "advancing empire" under Obama is in doubt.
The violent overthrow of President Kaddafi did not lead to a stable client regime: the utter destruction and chaos in Libya has undercut the imperial presence. Syria is under attack but by anti-Western Islamist fanatics.
The defeat of Assad will not 'advance empire' as
much as it will expand radical Islamist (including Al Qaeda) power.
His effort to replicate the imperial advances of the 1990's has failed because the relationships of power between Europe and Russia, Japan and China, and Venezuela and Colombia have changed.
Proxies, predator drones and the US Special Forces are not able to reverse the retreat. The economic crisis has cut too deep; the domestic exhaustion with empire is too pervasive. The cost of sustaining Israel is too high.
Advancing empire in these circumstances is a dangerous game: it risks a larger nuclear war to overcome adversity and retreat.