There are two broad categories of EM potentials, depending upon the way in which they are formed.

The two categories of potential formation are: (1) natural, and (2) artificial.

The difference is in the virtual particle flux substructure that comprises the potential.

If the substructure of emerging and vanishing virtual particles is random and without deliberate order (polarization) except in one broad, overall sense, then that is a natural potential. As such, there is no deterministic functioning going on inside the substructure of the potential itself. The potential can only act "as a whole" on a charged particle system.

Natural potentials have substructures of random virtual vector components. Any small amount of coherence as a function of distance vanishes quickly (on the order of a few thousand angstroms at most, according to present Aharonov-Bohm experiments).

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