An artificial potential by definition has a substructure composed of deterministic observable vector components, summed to an overall zero vector. Coherence as a function of distance can be maintained over enormous macroscopic distances -- even hundreds of thousand of kilometers -- by simultaneous transmission of the entire cluster of substructure components as a coherent "zero" group.

To the conventional linear EM detector, at any point along its transmission path, this substructure is detected as a zero-E vector and a zero-H vector. Hence the conventional detector does not see the artificial potential, even if its "stress magnitude" (a function of the magnitudes of all summed components) changes.

Action at a great distance is possible with this artificial potential, however, if a highly nonlinear situation is met so that the phasing of the components is broken or significantly altered. In that case, the components do not sum to zero after their dephasing, and real EM force fields emerge. This "dephasing" can be made to occur at the distant nonlinearity.

Action at a great distance is not possible with the natural potential, but is possible with the artificial potential.

Further, with the transmitted artificial potential, VO must be applied from the transmitter to the distant interruption zone, as if there were no intervening space between.

Note that VO may be positive or negative. Thus energy may emerge at the distant disruption, or be extracted from there. In the first case, energy is input to the transmitter, to re-emerge at the distant dephasing zone. In the latter case, energy is extracted (disappears) from the distant dephasing zone and is received (reappears) back at the transmitter

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