by Stephen Smith
April 04, 2011
H1 Hydrogen emissions
in the M51 galaxy.
Are there dark
matter galaxies orbiting the Milky Way?
Sometimes, clues can be hidden in plain site.
The key to solving a particular puzzle
might simply be clouded by a layer of presumptions that obscure its
true import. Such appears to be the case according a recent
release announcing the creation of a computer model to predict the
existence of satellite galaxies.
Astronomers from the University of California, Berkeley propose that
galaxies like our own Milky Way should have "lots" of smaller
galaxies in orbit around them. Since their existence cannot be
determined by visible light surveys, it is thought that most of them
are composed of so-called "dark matter." The research team developed
a predictive computer model that analyzes H1 hydrogen distribution
in galactic discs.
If they can find disturbances in the
structure it might indicate gravitational perturbations ("tidal
effects") caused by invisible galaxies.
The Milky Way is host to at least two smaller companions, the
Small Magellanic Clouds. However, some astronomers suspect that
there are as many as 80 or more.
The new predictive model is
supposed to help answer the question.
Gravitational force exerted by this unseen and undetectable material
is thought to sustain not just our galaxy, but all galaxies.
supposed lack of luminous matter that can be observed in the visible
Universe led to the original theory of dark matter.
Fritz Zwicky was studying the
Coma Cluster (above image) and found
that his calculations for orbital acceleration and stellar mass were
off by a factor of about 160.
He concluded that there must be
something invisible to his instruments somewhere within the cluster
that was holding it together.
Dark matter is unseen and undetectable and can be analyzed through
Electric Universe theory sees clusters
of galaxies, the galaxies themselves, and their associated stars
driven by electric currents flowing in dusty plasma.
Birkeland currents create
compression zones between spinning magnetic fields in an electrical
vortex. Compressed plasma forms electromagnetically confined
spheres, some in arc mode, some in glow mode and some with
variability between the two states.
Cosmic Birkeland currents flow into galaxies, so stars in their
discs are powered by those currents. Galaxies, in turn, receive
their power from intergalactic Birkeland currents that are detected
by radio astronomers in space as filamentary structures traceable by
their magnetic fields.
Birkeland currents are drawn toward each other in a linear
relationship, with a long-range electric force attraction 39 orders
of magnitude greater than gravity, although their magnetic
attraction is weaker. Dark matter and dark energy influences can be
dismissed when electric currents flowing through plasma are
When Birkeland currents interact, they twist around one another,
forming a helix.
If a cross section could be taken through plasma
trapped in their interstices, it would reveal the familiar
barred-spiral shape of a galaxy. In the image of
M51 at the top of
the page, the intertwining electrical filaments are clearly visible.
postulated, electricity flows into the poles
of a galaxy like the Milky Way and then out through the spiral arms.
The circuit closes above and below the galactic disk, flowing back
into the poles. This circuit receives its driving power from
Birkeland currents that connect the galaxy with the rest of the
The galactic z-pinch forms a cylindrical particle beam, coaxial with
the galaxy and beyond the edge of the disk, which would energize a
ring of stars.
Observations from the Sloan Digital Sky
Survey have uncovered such a ring (above image), a separate structure that
surrounds the galaxy at a reported distance of 120,000 light years.
Instead of dark matter dwarf companions, the Milky Way and other
galaxies most likely have dark mode electrically energized