by Ivan Petricevic
The Ancient Anunnaki
are often referred to as the immortal gods that lived on Earth
during the ancient Sumerian time in Mesopotamia.
According to Mesopotamian mythology, the Anunna or Anunnaki were,
initially, the most powerful gods and lived with Anu in heaven.
Later, without having established a clear motive for this change,
the Igigi were considered as celestial gods while the term
Anunna was used to designate the gods of the Underworld,
especially seven gods who served as judges in the Underworld.
myth of Atrahasis it is stated
that, before the creation of man, the gods had to work to live.
Then, the Anunna made a category of inferior gods, the Igigi work
for them, until they rebelled and refused to continue working.
Then Enki created humanity so that it continued performing
the tasks that the minor gods had abandoned and through cult would
provide food to the gods.
the Enûma Elish, it was Marduk
who created humanity and then divided the Anunna between heaven and
earth and assigned them tasks.
Next, the Anunna, grateful to Marduk, founded Babylon and built a
temple in his honor, called Esagila.
So, who were
The reinvention of the Anunna term through its Akkadian form,
Anunnaki, arose in 1964, after the publication of the book "Ancient
Mesopotamia - Portrait of a Dead Civilization" by
Adolph Leo Oppenheim, who popularized this concept which was
taken by different blogs and characters from the esoteric world and
Zecharia Sitchin published a
dozen books known as
Earth Chronicles from the 1970s
where he described in great detail the Anunnaki.
In his Books, Sitchin offered translated ancient Sumerian clay
tablets and texts which were written in a cuneiform script that
describes the Anunnaki.
In the book
The 12th Planet, Sitchin tells the
arrival of the Anunnaki to Earth from a supposed planet called
Nibiru about 450,000 years ago:
tall beings about 3
meters in height with white skin, long hair and beard, who would
have settled in Mesopotamia and that, by genetic engineering,
accelerated the evolution of the Neanderthal to Homo Sapiens
contributing their own genetics, for the need of slave workers.
According to Sitchin's
writings, the technology and power of the Anunnaki is something our
civilization cannot replicate even today in the 21st
Sitchin stated that the ancient inhabitants of Nibiru had the
ability for space travel and genetic engineering 450,000 years ago,
and that they would have left traces of their existence all over
Earth with small clues pointing to a still unknown technology that
is present in various forms,
The theories are many,
and what some scholars refer to as a mythological species, others
point towards interstellar travelers, that came to Earth thousands
of years ago.
But if the Anunnaki were real,
There are various 'family
trees' available on the Internet with a series of differences in
For example, the
following three (picture below) is a family tree more inclined to
the Mesopotamian - especially Babylonian - version of the
Bloodline, and evidence of that is the inclusion of
Tiamat and Marduk.
The "Grand Assembly of the Anunnaki", essentially the Family Tree of
the ruling class (or the "Gods and Goddesses" of the Sumerian Texts)
is given by
Laurence Gardner in
Genesis of the Grail Kings, 1999:
Pictured here is
the Grand Assembly of the Ancient Anunnaki.
A slightly different version:
By John D. Croft
BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons