by Peter Koenig
July 25, 2023
Italian Recent Politics
In October 2022 Ms. Giorgia Meloni, became Prime Minister of
Her extreme right-wing
party, Brothers of Italy (Fratelli d'Italia), won the
September 2022 elections with 26% of the vote, even though it had
polled only 4.3% four years earlier.
Ms. Meloni co-founded the
party in 2012 and led it since 2014. See
Such an increase in voters meant that Italians were sick and tired
from the so-called "democratic" neoliberalism coming out of the EU
in Brussels, notably out of the non-elected dictatorial
European Commission (EC), known to most serious analyst to
be but a lackey of Washington's.
But Italians had also enough of the steady
NATO influence of Italian politics.
Italy is currently
arguably the country in Europe with most US / NATO military
Most Italians are
strong NATO opponents.
Italians welcomed the
promising "new wind" coming out of the newly elected right-wing
party - expecting a departure from the ongoing US/EU -
submissive neoliberal Italian politics.
In October 2022, Italian
President Sergio Mattarella appointed Giorgia Meloni
as Italy's first female Prime Minister, following the resignation of
Mario Draghi amidst a government crisis and as a result of
the September 2022 general election.
Messrs. Mattarella as
well as Draghi are affiliated to the "Independent" party. Mr. Draghi
is a former president of the European Central Banks, and a close
ally of the WEF's CEO,
Sergio Mattarella OMRI, an academic and lawyer, has served as
President of Italy since 2015. The attribute OMRI stands for
Order of Merit of the Italian Republic and might be considered
the Italian equivalent of knighthood...
A clue to her priorities came in an animated speech she gave in
Spain last June.
"Yes to the natural
family, no to the LGBT lobby, yes to sexual identity, no to
gender ideology... no to Islamist violence, yes to secure
borders, no to mass migration... no to big international
finance... no to the bureaucrats of Brussels!"
In another well-quoted
speech from 2019 she said:
"I am Giorgia, I'm a
woman, I'm a mother... I'm Christian."
For the role of Italy's
new family and birth rate minister, she has picked Eugenia
Roccella who has spoken out against abortion and threatened to
reverse recently agreed rights for same-sex parents.
Nevertheless, Ms. Meloni has promised to govern "for everyone".
She had to assure Italy's
allies in both NATO and the EU that there will be no change in
direction in foreign policy. This is an important point, as both her
coalition partners, Matteo Salvini, heading the League and
the late Silvio Berlusconi's center-right party, Forza Italia,
have been strong supporters of Russia's Vladimir Putin.
"Giorgia Meloni comes
from a post-fascist cultural background but recently she's taken
a very moderate position and stated she won't change
[predecessor Mario] Draghi's policy on Ukraine," Italian
political scientist Prof. Roberto D'Alimonte told the
"She did this because
she had to build her credentials to be a legitimate candidate
for prime minister."
On February 17, 2023, President Mattarella met with China's Mr.
Wang Yi, in Rome.
Mr. Wang Yi is a member
of the Political Bureau of China's Communist Party (CPC) Central
Committee. He is Director of the Office of the Central Commission
for Foreign Affairs, basically acting as Foreign Minister.
It was a most cordial and what looked like a constructive and
They were talking about
strengthening their relations through
BRI - Belt and Road Initiative
(Memorandum of Understanding [MOU) signed in 2019) and jointly
Conveying President Xi Jinping's warm greetings to President
Mattarella, Wang Yi said that China will bring new opportunities for
He noted that China and
Italy should resume exchanges at all levels in an all-round manner,
and promote mutually beneficial cooperation across the board.
Wang Yi stressed China
and Italy are natural partners in Belt and Road, a strong
impetus for further development of their bilateral relations.
This left a positive signal for strengthening China-Italian BRI
Italy being the only
EU and G-7 member as part of the BRI.
At the recent NATO summit in Vilnius, Lithuania (11/12 July 2023),
Ms. Meloni confirmed in a press conference from Vilnius, that at the
invitation of President
Biden she will travel to Washington to meet with the
US President on 27 July 2023.
The Italian PM highlighted Rome's support to the NATO Alliance and
to Kyiv's accession to NATO.
She praised NATO's,
forward [towards Ukraine's] future accession to the Alliance."
She stressed this point
by mentioning Italy's leadership in 2024 of the G7.
"NATO mustn't lose
focus on its Southern Flank and the Global South."
Ms. Meloni went even further in supporting the warrior
alliance, NATO, saying that,
"Our freedom has a
cost. What we invest in defense comes back tenfold in terms of
defending our national interests."
She further argued for
increased cooperation among NATO Allies, a drive that must extend to
Indo-Pacific matters and, most notably, China, noting the importance
of tackling the "systemic rival" holistically - i.e., considering
issues such as supply chain security, especially in the field of
critical raw materials, and safeguarding technological advantage.
These considerations come as her government tends to dropping out of
China's BRI, a matter that will certainly come up in her forthcoming
For more details see
this (12 July 2023).
This is a 180-degree turn-around from Ms. Meloni's earlier position
on NATO and from President Mattarella's discussion in February 2023
with Mr. Wang Yi from China.
It also demonstrates the
US/EU pressure the Italian Government is under.
Clearly, Ms. Meloni is not free to follow her campaign promises and
even her party's ideology of,
multilateralism, a departure from the neoliberal globalist
dominance exerted by Washington, EU, the WEF and the entire
corrupted UN system throughout
Italian freedom, national
sovereignty - has been flushed down the drain, like that of so many
other nations - and that against the will of most of the concerned
To Stay or Not
to Stay in the BRI
Ms. Meloni's government under pressure from the US, but also from
the EU, is leaning towards exiting the Belt and Road.
In a recent article by
the Chinese state-owned Global Times, Beijing expresses its concern
about Italy's abandoning the BRI cooperation agreement with China.
The BRI-Agreement is based on a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) of
2019 which is set to be auto-renewed in March 2024, unless one of
the parties resigns from the agreement three months prior to the
This gives Ms. Meloni enough time to present the case to the Italian
Parliament, to transfer this decision and responsibility to the
presumably democratic parliamentary body.
When putting this possibility forward, Ms. Meloni also said that one
could have "excellent relations with China without being part of a
strategic plan" such as the BRI.
To add fuel to the fire, Italy's Enterprise Minister Adolfo Urso
told Radio24 that the Meloni government,
"is not being
pressured by the US, nor China, on the [BRI] Memorandum."
But he added that since
the MOU was signed,
"our trade with China
has worsened considerably, in contrast to what has happened with
France or Germany, which have instead implemented [new] business
This should give us
pause for thought."
In the meantime, China is
seeking alternative means to promote commercial and cooperation
opportunities directly with the Italian business community.
For more details, see
this (30 June 2023).
Taking BRI to
the Italian Parliament
Senator Stefania Craxi, member of the governing coalition
party Forza Italia and chairwoman of the Foreign Affairs and Defense
Committee, said she would support the full involvement of Parliament
on the BRI decision.
She praised PM Meloni's "institutional" approach,
"which recalls the
need to involve Parliament on a sensitive issue such as the BRI
MOU, whose approval at the time impacted on the dynamics of our
country's strategic alliances".
She remarked that the MOU
was not presented to Parliament for approval before signing.
Senator Craxi added that the BRI,
"clearly doesn't only
have commercial implications - as some had depicted it when it
was signed in 2019.
Proof of this is the
fact that despite being the only Western European country to
have signed it, Italy's trade with China is less that of other
She implied that signing
it was a mistake, as it brought only negative consequences.
When PM Meloni recently spoke to Parliament, she reiterated that
Italy could have,
with China, without being part of a strategic plan", meaning BRI.
But she also said, the
decision had not yet been made, that evaluations are under way - and
that the final say would be that of the people,
in view of our interests".
With a significant Parliamentary mandate of her party, Ms. Meloni -
leaning towards exiting BRI - would make the decision as one of the
For more details, see
this (29 June 2023).
In the five months before the deadline to decide on the ceasing or
continuing the BRI-MOU, it is time now for the Chinese business
community to enter into direct contact with the Italian Business
community to either lobby for staying in the BRI, or to establish
solid commercial and business relations with Italian entrepreneurs
outside of BRI.