by General Leonid Ivashov
15 June 2011
While the U.S. empire is
teetering on the brink of collapse, General Leonid Ivashov
turns his attention to the BRICS and brings into focus their
potential for ushering in an alternative world order beyond
the range of the dollar dictatorship and, ultimately, the
predominance of so-called 'western values.'
The BRICS countries leaders
(L-R) Russian President Dmitry Medvedev,
Indian Prime Minister
Chinese President Hu Jintao,
Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff
and South African President
Jacob Zuma meet the press
during the BRICS Leaders
Meeting in Sanya, south China’s Hainan Province
April 14, 2011.
More than ever over the past decade, geopolitics
watchers whose approach to international developments is - in line with the
projections made by founders of the school of thought
O. Spengler, and
A.J. Toynbee - premised in the assumption
that distinct civilizations will overshadow countries and ethnic groups as
the actual players in global politics can say that reality is generating
ample evidence to confirm the concept.
BRICS summit which convened in China’s Sanya
must be credited with being more than a forum of one of the countless
political groups popping up across the world as countries combine their
efforts in advancing common interests.
BRICS - the alliance of Brazil, Russia, India,
China, and South Africa - deserves to be viewed from a wider perspective,
considering that every one of the member countries represents a
civilizational type which is both particular and highly important on the
global scale. As a result, the agreements sealed in Sanya represent a
serious bid to reconfigure today’s world, and the Western financial elites
which seek primacy based on the U.S. dollar and military might are
confronted with a major challenge. 
It is an open secret that the U.S. largely owes its own prosperity as well as
the ability to support countries eager to stay in Washington’s orbit to the
privilege of flooding the world with dollars which, like counterfeit money,
totally lack material backing.
Since the collapse of the USSR, the countries
which defied dollar dominance invariably came under heavy pressure and in a
number of cases - under devastating attacks.
S. Hussein who banned dollar
circulation in all spheres of Iraq’s economy including oil trade was
displaced and executed and his country was left in ruins.
M. Gadhafi started switching Libya’s oil and gas
business to gold-backed Arab currencies and air raids against the country
followed almost immediately… Tehran had to put its plan to stay dollar-free
on hold to avoid falling victim to aggression.
Still, even enjoying unlimited U.S. support, the financial empires built by
Rockefellers are powerless against the five
largest civilizations represented by countries accounting for nearly half of
the world’s population, especially given the fact that three of them are
nuclear-armed and two are already knocking on the nuclear club’s doors.
BRICS is clearly immune to forceful pressure,
its member countries do not appear vulnerable to color revolutions, and the
strategy of provoking and exporting financial crises may easily backfire.
In contrast to the U.S. and the EU, BRICS countries altogether own natural
resources sufficient not only to keep their economies afloat in the settings
of contracting availability of hydrocarbon fuels, food, potable water, and
electric power but also to sustain vigorous economic growth. The shift to
national currencies in the financial transactions between the BRICS
countries should guarantee an unprecedented level of their independence from
the U.S. and from the West in general, but even that is only the tip of the
A grand geopolitical project is beginning to
materialize, and the statement on Libya issued by the BRICS summit reflects
the alliances growing determination to respond with convincing political
measures if the West’s expansion over the east continues.
Besides, Chinese leader Hu Jintao
directed biting criticism at Washington over human rights abuses, and the
message is sure to resonate considering that at the moment the U.S. is home to
over 13 million Chinese whose loyalty to Beijing shows no signs of fading
Logically, the steps BRICS will likely be taking in the foreseeable future
will include the following:
Tighter coordination in international
politics, economy, and environment protection in the ranks of the
Initiatives aimed at drawing into BRICS
the countries sharing civilizational foundations with the alliance’s
The linking of the Muslim world to BRICS
and the integration into it of such key Muslim countries as Iran,
Syria, Malaysia, and Turkey
Synchronization of international
politics decision-making within BRICS
Efforts to induce an overhaul of global
organizations, for example, to reorganize the UN Security Council so
as to ensure that the world’s civilizations are represented in it on
a permanent basis
The establishment of a BRICS common
market and economic coordination zone
The creation of a BRICS shared security
Two processes are exerting definitive influences
over the current global geopolitical dynamics.
On the one hand, attempts are made to establish
- regardless of the imminent human costs - a unipolar world order propped up
by financial and military might. Crises, armed conflicts, and various
calamities are provoked with the purpose, as they are supposed to
justify instituting a world government, control over which the main
financial empires will easily seize.
On the other hand, the contours of an
alternative world order offering greater fairness, rooted in different
philosophies of individual existence, and based on its own economic and
social order are increasingly visible.
Since individual countries and national
governments are defenseless at the face of the global financial centers,
civilizations have to take over the leading role in the struggle for the
survival of mankind, and the advent of
BRICS, along with its potential partner -
Shanghai Cooperation Organization
one of the first initiatives of the kind.
Interestingly, due to profound geopolitical
reasons the civilizations now moving to the front stage are oriental and
carry essentially non-Western values, moral norms, and forms of social
The alternative world order should assign greater importance to moral
regards in all types of activities and prescribe collectivist rather than
egoistic approaches to global and regional problems.
Moderation in the use of natural resources and
the taming of consumer appetites would necessarily be built into the model
as well as the diversity of world views that will persist despite the pushy
propaganda of the new age-type universal religion sanctioning the unipolar
The implementation of the underlying
plans of the Sanya summit is contingent upon the BRICS’ being
armed with an adequate strategy and a vision of its unique long-term
objectives. The mission of formulating them rests with the science of
geopolitics. In China, an organization akin to Russia’s Geopolitics Problems
Academy has been given an official status.
Similar research centers exist in
India, the country which has adopted an original geopolitical doctrine.
From Moscow’s standpoint, the geopolitical rise of BRICS is a process which
helps Russia both maintain its status in international politics and preserve
its statehood and territorial integrity.
We therefore wish BRICS success.
by the IMF Executive Directors Representing Brazil, Russia, India, China
and South Africa on the Selection Process for Appointing an IMF Managing
Director”, Voltaire Network, 24 May 2011.
BRICS Leaders Meeting
14 April 2011
Chinese President Hu Jintao
(C), Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff (2nd R),
Russian President Dmitry
Medvedev (2nd L), Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh (1st L)
and South African President
Jacob Zuma (1st R)
attend a photocall in Sanya,
south China’s Hainan Province
April 14, 2011.
We, the Heads of State and Government of
the Federative Republic of Brazil, the Russian Federation, the
Republic of India, the People’s Republic of China and the Republic
of South Africa, met in Sanya, Hainan, China for the BRICS Leaders
Meeting on April 14, 2011.
The Heads of State and Government of
Brazil, Russia, India and China welcome South Africa joining the
BRICS and look forward to strengthening dialogue and cooperation
with South Africa within the forum.
It is the overarching objective and
strong shared desire for peace, security, development and
cooperation that brought together BRICS countries with a total
population of nearly 3 billion from different continents. BRICS aims
at contributing significantly to the development of humanity and
establishing a more equitable and fair world.
The 21st century should be
marked by peace, harmony, cooperation and scientific development.
Under the theme Broad Vision, Shared Prosperity, we conducted candid
and in-depth discussions and reached broad consensus on
strengthening BRICS cooperation as well as on promoting coordination
on international and regional issues of common interest.
We affirm that the BRICS and other
emerging countries have played an important role in contributing to
world peace, security and stability, boosting global economic
growth, enhancing multilateralism and promoting greater democracy in
In the economic, financial and
development fields, BRICS serves as a major platform for dialogue
and cooperation. We are determined to continue strengthening the
BRICS partnership for common development and advance BRICS
cooperation in a gradual and pragmatic manner, reflecting the
principles of openness, solidarity and mutual assistance.
We reiterate that such cooperation is
inclusive and non-confrontational. We are open to increasing
engagement and cooperation with non-BRICS countries, in particular
emerging and developing countries, and relevant international and
We share the view that the world is
undergoing far-reaching, complex and profound changes, marked by the
strengthening of multipolarity, economic globalization and
While facing the evolving global
environment and a multitude of global threats and challenges, the
international community should join hands to strengthen cooperation
for common development.
Based on universally recognized norms of
international law and in a spirit of mutual respect and collective
decision making, global economic governance should be strengthened,
democracy in international relations should be promoted, and the
voice of emerging and developing countries in international affairs
should be enhanced.
We express our strong commitment to
multilateral diplomacy with the United Nations playing the central
role in dealing with global challenges and threats.
In this respect, we reaffirm the need
for a comprehensive reform of the UN, including its Security
Council, with a view to making it more effective, efficient and
representative, so that it can deal with today’s global challenges
China and Russia reiterate the
importance they attach to the status of India, Brazil and South
Africa in international affairs, and understand and support their
aspiration to play a greater role in the UN.
We underscore that the concurrent
presence of all five BRICS countries in the Security Council during
the year of 2011 is a valuable opportunity to work closely together
on issues of peace and security, to strengthen multilateral
approaches and to facilitate future coordination on issues under UN
Security Council consideration.
We are deeply concerned with the
turbulence in the Middle East, the North African and West African
regions and sincerely wish that the countries affected achieve
peace, stability, prosperity and progress and enjoy their due
standing and dignity in the world according to legitimate
aspirations of their peoples.
We share the principle that the use of
force should be avoided. We maintain that the independence,
sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity of each nation should
We wish to continue our cooperation in
the UN Security Council on Libya. We are of the view that all the
parties should resolve their differences through peaceful means and
dialogue in which the UN and regional organizations should as
appropriate play their role. We also express support for the African
Union High-Level Panel Initiative on Libya.
We reiterate our strong condemnation of
terrorism in all its forms and manifestations and stress that there
can be no justification, whatsoever, for any acts of terrorism. We
the United Nations has a central role in coordinating
the international action against terrorism within the framework of
the UN Charter and in accordance with principles and norms of the
In this context, we urge early
conclusion of negotiations in the UN General Assembly of the
Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism and its adoption
by all Member States. We are determined to strengthen our
cooperation in countering this global threat. We express our
commitment to cooperate for strengthening international information
We will pay special attention to combat
We note that the world economy is
gradually recovering from the financial crisis, but still faces
uncertainties. Major economies should continue to enhance
coordination of macro-economic policies and work together to achieve
strong, sustainable and balanced growth.
We are committed to assure that the
BRICS countries will continue to enjoy strong and sustained economic
growth supported by our increased cooperation in economic, finance
and trade matters, which will contribute to the long-term steady,
sound and balanced growth of the world economy.
We support the
Group of Twenty (G20) in
playing a bigger role in global economic governance as the premier
forum for international economic cooperation. We expect new positive
outcomes in the fields of economy, finance, trade and development
from the G20 Cannes Summit in 2011.
We support the ongoing efforts of G20
members to stabilize international financial markets, achieve
strong, sustainable and balanced growth and support the growth and
development of the global economy.
Russia offers to host the G20 Summit in
2013. Brazil, India, China and South Africa welcome and appreciate
We call for a quick achievement of the
targets for the reform of the International Monetary Fund agreed to
at previous G20 Summits and reiterate that the governing structure
of the international financial institutions should reflect the
changes in the world economy, increasing the voice and
representation of emerging economies and developing countries.
Recognizing that the
financial crisis has exposed the inadequacies and deficiencies of
existing international monetary and financial system, we support
the reform and improvement of the international monetary system,
with a broad-based international reserve currency system providing
stability and certainty.
We welcome the current discussion about
the role of
the SDR in the existing international monetary system
including the composition of SDR’s basket of currencies. We call for
more attention to the risks of massive cross-border capital flows
now faced by the emerging economies.
We call for further international
financial regulatory oversight and reform, strengthening policy
coordination and financial regulation and supervision cooperation,
and promoting the sound development of global financial markets and
Excessive volatility in commodity
prices, particularly those for food and energy, poses new risks for
the ongoing recovery of the world economy. We support the
international community in strengthening cooperation to ensure
stability and strong development of physical market by reducing
distortion and further regulating financial market.
The international community should work
together to increase production capacity, strengthen
producer-consumer dialogue to balance supply and demand, and
increase support to the developing countries in terms of funding and
technologies. The regulation of the derivatives market for
commodities should be accordingly strengthened to prevent activities
capable of destabilizing markets.
We also should address the problem of
shortage of reliable and timely information on demand and supply at
international, regional and national levels. The BRICS will carry
out closer cooperation on food security.
We support the development and use of
renewable energy resources. We recognize the important role which
the renewable energy plays as a means to address climate change. We
are convinced of the importance of cooperation and information
exchange in the field of development of renewable energy resources.
Nuclear energy will continue to be an
important element in future energy mix of BRICS countries.
International cooperation in the development of safe nuclear energy
for peaceful purposes should proceed under conditions of strict
observance of relevant safety standards and requirements concerning
design, construction and operation of nuclear power plants.
Accelerating sustainable growth of
developing countries is one of the major challenges for the world.
We believe that growth and development are central to addressing
poverty and to achieving
the MDG goals.
Eradication of extreme poverty and
hunger is a moral, social, political and economic imperative of
humankind and one of the greatest global challenges facing the world
today, particularly in Least Developed Countries in Africa and
We call on the international community
to actively implement the outcome document adopted by the High-Level
Plenary Meeting of the United Nations General Assembly on the
Millennium Development Goals held in September 2010 and achieve the
objectives of the MDGs by 2015 as scheduled.
Climate change is one of the global
threats challenging the livelihood of communities and countries.
China, Brazil, Russia and India appreciate and support South
Africa’s hosting of
We support the
Cancun Agreements and are
ready to make concerted efforts with the rest of the international
community to bring a successful conclusion to the negotiations at
the Durban Conference applying the mandate of the
Bali Roadmap and
in line with the principle of equity and common but differentiated
We commit ourselves to work towards a
comprehensive, balanced and binding outcome to strengthen the
implementation of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate
Change and its
The BRICS will intensify cooperation on
the Durban Conference. We will enhance our practical cooperation in
adapting our economy and society to climate change.
Sustainable development, as illustrated
Rio Declaration on Environment and Development,
Johannesburg Plan of Implementation and multilateral
environmental treaties, should be an important vehicle to advance
China, Russia, India and South Africa
appreciate Brazil as the host of the
2012 UN Conference on
Sustainable Development and look forward to working with Brazil to
reach new political commitment and achieve positive and practical
results in areas of economic growth, social development and
environmental protection under the framework of sustainable
Brazil, Russia, China and South Africa
appreciate and support India’s hosting of the eleventh meeting of
the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological
Brazil, China and South Africa also
appreciate and support the India’s hosting of sixth meeting of the
Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to
the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to be held in October 2012.
We underscore our firm commitment to
strengthen dialogue and cooperation in the fields of social
protection, decent work, gender equality, youth, and public health,
including the fight against
We support infrastructure development in
Africa and its industrialization within framework of the New
Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD).
We have agreed to continue further
expanding and deepening economic, trade and investment cooperation
among our countries. We encourage all countries to refrain from
resorting to protectionist measures. We welcome the outcomes of the
meeting of BRICS Trade Ministers held in Sanya on April 13, 2011.
Brazil, China, India and South Africa
remain committed and call upon other members to support a strong,
open, rule-based multilateral trading system embodied in the World
Trade Organization and a successful, comprehensive and balanced
conclusion of the Doha Development Round, built on the progress
already made and consistent with its development mandate.
Brazil, India, China and South Africa
extend full support to an early accession of Russia to the World
We reviewed the progress of the BRICS
cooperation in various fields and share the view that such
cooperation has been enriching and mutually beneficial and that
there is a great scope for closer cooperation among the BRICS.
are focused on the consolidation of BRICS cooperation and the
further development of its own agenda.
We are determined to translate our
political vision into concrete actions and endorse the (below) attached
Action Plan, which will serve as the foundation for future
cooperation. We will review the implementation of the Action Plan
during our next Leaders Meeting.
We intend to explore cooperation in the
sphere of science, technology and innovation, including the peaceful
use of space. We congratulate the Russian people and government upon
the 50th anniversary of the flight of Yury Gagarin into the space,
which ushered in a new era in development of science and technology.
We express our confidence in the success
Universiade in Shenzhen
the 2013 Universiade in Kazan
the 2014 Youth Olympic Games in Nanjing
the 2014 Winter Olympic and Paralympic Games in Sochi
the FIFA 2014 World Cup in Brazil
2016 Olympic and Paralympic Games in Rio de Janeiro
the FIFA 2018 World Cup in
We extend our deepest condolences to the
people of Japan with the great loss of life following the
that struck the country. We will continue our practical support to
Japan in overcoming consequences of these catastrophes.
The leaders of Brazil, Russia, India and
South Africa extend our warm appreciation to China for hosting the
BRICS Leaders Meeting and the Hainan Provincial Government and Sanya
Municipal Government and their people for their support to the
Brazil, Russia, China and South Africa
thank India for hosting the BRICS Leaders Meeting in 2012 and offer
their full support.
We formulated the Action Plan, laying the foundation for the BRICS
cooperation, with the purpose to strengthen BRICS cooperation and benefit
Enhance existing cooperation programs
Hold the third Meeting of High
Representatives for Security Issues in the latter half of 2011
Hold the meeting of Ministers of
Foreign Affairs during the 66th Session of the United Nations
Hold sherpas/sous-sherpas meeting in
Representatives to international
organizations based in New York and Geneva meet periodically in
an informal manner.
Ministers of Finance and Governors
of Central Banks meet under the G20 framework and during the
annual meetings of the World Bank and International Monetary
Hold the Meeting of Agriculture
Expert Working Group and the second Meeting of Ministers of
Agriculture in 2011 in China, and cooperate in issues including
establishment of BRICS System of Agricultural Information and
holding a seminar on food security.
Hold the Meeting of the heads of the
National Statistical Institutions in September 2011 in China.
Hold the second BRICS International
Competition Conference in September 2011 in China, and explore
the possibility of signing an Agreement on Cooperation between
Continue to hold the BRICS
Think-Tank Symposiums, and consider establishing a network of
research centers of all BRICS countries.
Hold another Business Forum prior to
the next BRICS Leaders Meeting.
Strengthen financial cooperation
among the BRICS Development Banks.
Implement the Protocol of Intent
among the BRIC countries’ Supreme Courts.
Release the Joint Statistical
Publication by BRICS countries.
Continue to hold the Meeting of
New areas of cooperation
Host the first BRICS Friendship
Cities and Local Governments Cooperation Forum in 2011 in China.
Host the Meeting of Ministers of
Health in 2011 in China.
Engage in joint research on economic
and trade issues.
Update, as appropriate, the
Bibliography on the BRICS countries.
New proposals to explore
Cooperate in the cultural field
according to the agreement of the BRICS leaders.
Encourage cooperation in sports.
Explore the feasibility to cooperate
in the field of green economy.
Hold a meeting of Senior Officials
for discussing ways of promoting scientific, technological and
innovation cooperation in BRICS format including by
establishment a working group on cooperation in pharmaceutical
Establish, at UNESCO, a BRICS-UNESCO
Group, aiming at developing common strategies within the mandate
of the Organization.