National Institute for Public Policy
(note: * indicates that member also serves on the board of directors)
Senior Associate National Institute for Public Policy
Dr. Kathleen Bailey is an author and expert on defense and arms control issues. She is currently a Senior Associate at the National Institute for Public Policy in Washington D.C. From 1992-1998, she was Senior Fellow at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. She formerly held three positions with the U.S. Government: Assistant Director of the Arms Control & Disarmament Agency for nonproliferation (1987-1990), Deputy Assistant Secretary in the Department of State (1985-1987), and Research Director in the US Information Agency (1983-85). From 1976-1981, she worked at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Her PhD is from the University of Illinois (1976).
She has authored four books:
Death For Cause (Meerkat Publications, 1995) is a novel about a small band of eco-terrorists who use biological weapons in an attempt to coerce the US Government to change its policies. This novel was self-published for friends and family.
The UN Inspections in Iraq: Lessons for On-Site Verification (Westview Press, 1995) is based on interviews with UN Special Commission inspectors conducted in 1991.
Strengthening Nuclear Nonproliferation (Westview Press, 1993) assesses the potential impact of measures such as cessation of nuclear testing on the ability to slow or halt proliferation.
Doomsday Weapons in the Hands of Many: The Arms Control Challenge of the 90s (University of Illinois Press, 1991) is a textbook that addresses the degree of difficulty associated with producing chemical, biological, and nuclear weapons, as well as missiles. It has been published in English, Spanish, Portuguese, and German.
Additionally, she edited Weapons of Mass Destruction: Costs Versus Benefits (New Delhi: Manohar Press, 1994), which contains articles by international scholars and governmental officials.
Gen. George S. Blanchard, USA (Ret.)
The long and distinguished career of General George S. Blanchard exemplifies “Duty, Honor, Country.” At home and abroad, he has been a consummate leader, serving the Nation, the Army, and his fellow man. His contributions to world peace and the quality of military life have been far-reaching and enduring.
George Blanchard rose to the rank of sergeant in the Coast Artillery before entering West Point with the Class of 1944. Upon graduation he was commissioned a Second Lieutenant of Infantry. Shortly thereafter, he was a platoon leader and company commander in the 70th and 78th Infantry Divisions during campaigns in France and Germany. During these assignments he made the first of his many contributions to restoring and stabilizing peace in Europe.
Following a tour on the general staff of the United States Forces, European Theater, then Captain Blanchard earned a Master of Science degree in Public Administration from Syracuse University in 1949. Over the next decade he served as Assistant to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, General Omar Bradley; as an instructor of regimental tactics at Fort Benning; and as an advisor with the Military Advisory Assistance Group on Taiwan. During this period he also attended the Infantry Officer Advanced Course, Basic Airborne Course, Army Command and General Staff College and Armed Forces Staff College.
Promoted to Colonel in 1959, George Blanchard commanded the 2d Airborne Battle Group, 503d Infantry, 82nd Airborne Division. He then served as the G-3 of I Corps (Group) in Korea. In 1966, he served as Assistant Division Commander, 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile) in Vietnam, where he later served as Chief of Staff, I Field Force. In Vietnam, this skilled and decorated aviator’s progressive thinking on combined arms operations dramatically advanced the Army’s use of helicopters in combat. Additionally, during the 1960s, he was assigned as Director of Special Warfare in the Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Military Operations; Director of Plans, Programs and Budget for two major Army General Staff organizations; and as executive officer to two Secretaries of the Army. In each of these positions he made lasting contributions to the Army.
In 1970, General Blanchard assumed command of the 82nd Airborne Division. There, he provided inspirational, innovative, and timely leadership. At a time when morale had ebbed, he restored discipline, esprit de corps, and combat effectiveness.
General Blanchard then returned to Europe, commanding VII Corps and, subsequently, the United States Army, Europe and Seventh Army/ Central Army Group. In these assignments his operational creativity established a flexible forward defense, the framework for the Army’s first attack helicopter battalion, and innovative host nation support agreements. His vision and leadership advanced interoperability with military partners in NATO, established a broad spectrum of community- based partnerships, instituted the use of television to disseminate command information, began a comprehensive off-duty education program for soldiers and dependents, and established progressive leadership programs such as the Sergeant Morales competition. Of special note was his steadfast commitment to the individual soldier, as well as the enduring bonds he forged between American and German forces and communities.
In 1979, General Blanchard completed his active duty. His service over the years had merited multiple awards of the Distinguished Service Medal, Silver Star, and Distinguished Flying Cross, as well as the Air Medal and awards from foreign nations. Since his retirement, he has continued to serve. While a Director on the Atlantic Council Board, his statesmanship greatly enhanced cooperation and shaped international relations during the post-Cold War era. Later in the 1990s, he accepted appointments to the Army Science Board and the Washington Institute of Foreign Affairs.
In civilian life, George Blanchard has spearheaded major initiatives to bolster the quality of military life. While President of The Retired Officers Association, he dramatically expanded membership and established a powerful military coalition, which protected military cost of living allowances and prompted repeal of a Medicare surtax that would have unfairly burdened military retirees. He also served with distinction as President of the United Services Organization, enhancing the USO’s services for families. His contributions to his fellow man continue today. In his community in North Carolina, he has organized a program whereby he and other retirees tutor the illiterate.
Through his lifetime of service to the Nation, General Blanchard has truly burnished the image of West Point and the Long Gray Line. Accordingly, the Association of Graduates of the United States Military Academy takes pride in presenting the 2001 Distinguished Graduate Award to George S. Blanchard.
Ambassador Henry F. (Hank) Cooper is Chairman of the Board of High Frontier, a non-profit, non- partisan educational corporation, formed to examine the potential for defending America against missile attack. Founded by General Daniel O. Graham in the early 1980’s, High Frontier played a key role in developing the framework for President Ronald Reagan's Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI). Under Ambassador Cooper’s direction, High Frontier continues to inform the nation of the growing threat of ballistic missiles and of the need for a workable missile defense.
Ambassador Cooper has had a long and distinguished career in service to his country. He was Director of the Strategic Defense Initiative Organization (SDIO) during the Bush administration. Prior to becoming SDIO's first civilian director, he conducted a major independent review of the SDI program and related policy issues for Defense Secretary Dick Cheney, the results of which were instrumental in reversing the SDI funding cuts Congress had mandated in the preceding several years. Previously, he was President Reagan's Chief Negotiator at the Geneva Defense and Space Talks, successfully defending SDI in these negotiations with the now defunct Soviet Union.
Ambassador Cooper also led the development of President Reagan's space arms control policy while serving as Assistant Director of the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, and as Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Air Force earlier in the Reagan Administration, he helped institute the 1981 Strategic Modernization Program. Much earlier in his career, he was Scientific Advisor at the Air Force Weapons Laboratory, now Phillips Laboratory, in Albuquerque, New Mexico.
He is also Chairman of Applied Research Associates, Senior Associate of the National Institute for Public Policy, and Visiting Fellow at the Heritage Foundation. Previously in the private sector, he was Senior Vice President of Jaycor, Deputy Director of the Nuclear Weapons Effects Division at R&D Associates, member of the technical staff at Bell Laboratories, and an instructor at Clemson University.
Author of over 100 technical and policy publications, Ambassador Cooper holds a Ph.D. from New York University in mechanical engineering, and BS and MS degrees from Clemson University, also in mechanical engineering. He and his wife Bobbye, have two daughters, Laura and Cynthia, a son, Scott, and eight grandchildren.
As a respected engineer, program manager, and negotiator who understands technology and its policy ramifications, and brings both technical and political expertise to High Frontier.
Former Science Advisor to Presidents Reagan and Bush
Dr. William R. Graham, a founder and executive of R&D Associates, Marina Del Rey, California, became Deputy Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration on November 25, 1985. Nominated for the post by President Reagan on September 12, he was confirmed by the Senate on November 18, 1985.
In 1980, Dr. Graham served as an advisor to candidate Ronald Reagan and was a member of the President-elect's transition team. He had served for the three years previous to his appointment as NASA Deputy Administrator as chair of the General Advisory Committee on Arms Control and Disarmament, having been nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate in 1982.
Before the founding of R&D Associates in 1971, Dr. Graham had spent six years with the Rand Corp., Santa Monica, California. Prior to his employment at Rand, he served three years active duty as a project officer with the Air Force Weapons Laboratory, Kirtland Air Force Base, Albuquerque, New Mexico, directing a group conducting experimental and theoretical research on strategic system survivability.
Dr. Graham had also been a consultant to the Office of the Secretary of Defense and served on many international and national boards and advisory groups, including the National Academy of Science/National Research Council Committee on Undersea Warfare, the Air Force Science Advisory Board Task Force on Manned Strategic System Vulnerability, the U.S.-U.K. Joint Working Group on Atomic Weapons, the Defense Nuclear Agency Scientific Advisory Group on Effects, and the Defense Science Board System Vulnerability Task Force and Associated Task Forces.
Born on June 15, 1937, in San Antonio, Texas, Dr. Graham received his B.S. degree in physics from the California Institute of Technology in 1959. In addition, he earned an M.S. degree in engineering science in 1961, and a Ph.D. in electrical engineering in 1963, both from Stanford University.
Dr. Graham left NASA in October 1986 to become Director of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. On October 16, 1986, he was sworn in as Science Advisor to the President, a position he held until June 1989 when he left government service to join Jaycor, a high-technology company headquartered in San Diego, California.
Currently Dr. Graham is serves on the Board of Directors of Watkins - Johnson Company. Since July 1997, he has served as Chairman of the Board and President of National Security Research, Inc. He formerly held the position of Senior Vice President, The Defense Group, Falls Church, Virginia. He is a Director of ElectroSource, Inc and Swales Aerospace.
He served on both of Rumsfeld’s two `Star wars’ commissions:
European Director National Institute for Public Policy
Dr. Colin S. Gray is a political scientist with broad interests in national security policy, strategic theory and military history. His work focuses on the theory and practice of strategy, the dialogue between policy and military force, and in the utilization of historical experience for the education of policymakers.
Dr. Gray was born in Oxfordshire, U.K. in 1943. He was educated at the Kingís School, Rochester and at the University of Manchester (B.A. Econ. [Honours]), 1965, and at Lincoln College, Oxford University (D. Phil., International Politics, 1970). Dr Gray is a Professor of International Politics and Strategic Studies at the University of Reading, Reading, U.K., and is a Senior Associate to National Institute for Public Policy, Fairfax, VA. He is a Fellow at the Center for Technology and Strategy at the Air University, Maxwell AFB. Prior to that he held the Chair of International Politics at the University of Hull, Yorkshire, U.K.,
Dr. Gray has taught at the Universities of Lancaster (U.K.), York (Toronto, Canada) and British Columbia (Vancouver, Canada). He served as Executive Secretary of the Strategic Studies Commission at the Canadian Institute of International Affairs (Toronto) and as Assistant Director of the International Institute for Strategic Studies (London). Dr Gray became Director of National Security Studies at the Hudson Institute (Croton-on-Hudson, New York) in 1976.
From 1982 until 1987 Dr Gray served on the President's General Advisory Committee on Arms Control and Disarmament. In April 1987 he was presented with the Superior Public Service Award by the U.S. Department of the Navy.
Dr. Gray is a member of the editorial boards of Orbis, Comparative Strategy, Journal of Strategic Studies, StratÈgique, and Naval War College Review. He has served on advisory panels for the Congressional Office of Technology Assessment (SDI and space weapons), the Department of the Army (tactical nuclear weapons), the Department of the Air Force (innovations), and U.S. Space Command (future of space forces).
Among Dr. Grayís published books are: Canadian Defence Priorities (1972); The Soviet-American Arms Race (1976); The MX ICBM and National Security (1981); Strategic Studies and Public Policy (1982); Strategic Studies: A Critical Assessment (1982); American Military Space Policy (1983); Nuclear Strategy and National Style (1986); The Geopolitics of Super Power (1988); War, Peace, and Victory: Strategy and Statecraft for the Next Century (1990); House of Cards: Why Arms Control Must Fail (1992); The Leverage of Sea Power: The Strategic Advantage of Navies in War (1992); The Navy in the Post- Cold War World (1994); Explorations in Strategy (1996); Modern Strategy (1999); and The Second Nuclear Age (1999).
Dr. Gray has published many articles in such journals as Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, Survival, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Wilson Quarterly, Washington Quarterly, The National Interest, and International Security. He has lectured widely on defense and foreign affairs subjects in Europe and North America, as well as in China, Israel and Australia.
His next book is entitled Strategy for Chaos: RMA Theory and the Evidence of History. His most recent published article was Why Strategy Is Difficult, Joint Force Quarterly, Summer 1999. At present Dr. Gray is editing a major new textbook for Oxford University Press on Strategy in the Contemporary World, and he has been commissioned by Sir John Keegan to write the volume on The Future of War for his new series on The History of Warfare. Also, Dr. Gray has contributed a chapter on ìThe Limits of Technology in War,î to an edited collection of historical cases on that subject.
President Hampton Management Associates
Vice President, National Missile Defense Programs, Lockheed Martin Corporation
He is also the former Executive Director of Empower America. He is the Former Special Assistant to the President and Assistant Chief of Staff for White House Administration. He also serves on the board of directors for the Center for Security Policy (CSP) and the board for GEIA – the Government Electronics and Information Technology Association.
He is an adjunt faculty member of the Center for Defense and Strategic Studies at Southwest Missouri State University.
President Mortensen & Mendonça
Pretty much ??? on her & only this on Mortensen & Mendonca:
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LTG William E. Odom, USA (Ret.)
Director, National Security Studies, Hudson Institute
Lieutenant General William E. Odom, U.S. Army (Ret.), is a senior fellow and director of National Security Studies at Hudson Institute's Washington, D.C. office. He is also an adjunct professor at Yale University.
As director of the National Security Agency from 1985 to 1988, he was responsible for the nation's signals intelligence and communications security. From 1981 to 1985, he served as Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence, the Army's senior intelligence officer.
From 1977 to 1981, General Odom was military assistant to the President's Assistant for National Security Affairs, Zbigniew Brzezinski. As a member of the National Security Council staff, he worked on strategic planning, Soviet affairs, nuclear weapons policy, telecommunications policy, and Persian Gulf security issues.
Odom graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1954, and received a Ph.D. from Columbia University in 1970.
In 1998 he worked with the National Committee on American Foreign Policy as part of a study group on NATO
He is also a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, a member of the International Institute for Strategic Studies and a director of V-ONE. He also serves as a director for American Sciences and Engineering Management.
He is also currently the Adjunct Professor of Political Science at Yale University.
President and Chairman, National Institute for Public Policy
Keith Payne is CEO and President of the National Institute for Public Policy, a nonprofit research center located in Fairfax, Virginia. Dr. Payne has held this position since 1989. At National Institute, he directs and participates in studies on European and Russian security issues, proliferation, U.S. strategic nuclear employment policy and force posture issues, arms control policy, BMD, theater defense issues, and Russian foreign policy. Prior to assuming the Directorship of Research at National Institute in 1981, Dr. Payne was a member of the senior professional staff at Hudson Institute in New York.
Dr. Payne serves as Adjunct Professor at both Georgetown University and Southwest Missouri State University. He is the Editor-In-Chief of Comparative Strategy: An International Journal and a member of the State Department’s Defense Trade Advisory Group. He has served as a participant or leader of numerous governmental and private studies, including White House studies of U.S.-Russian cooperation and Defense Department studies of missile defense, arms control, and proliferation. He also has been a consultant to the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, and the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, and most recently participated in the "Rumsfeld Study" of missile proliferation.
Dr. Payne testifies frequently before Congressional Committees, and has lectured on defense and foreign policy issues at numerous colleges and universities in North America, Europe, and Asia. He has an extensive record of publications on international security issues, arms control, missile defense, proliferation, deterrence theory and strategic doctrine. He is the author, co-author, or editor of over eighty published articles and sixteen books and monographs.
Professor of Law and Diplomacy, National Defense University
After a year's law practice in New York, Dr. Rostow joined the Yale faculty in 1938, and has been a member ever since, with periods of leave for public service and as visiting professor in Cambridge (1959-60), Oxford (1970-71), and the University of Chicago (1941). Dr. Rostow became became Professor Emeritus and Senior Research Scholar at Yale in 1984. He was Dean of the Yale Law School between 1955 and 1965; Assistant to Dean Acheson when he was Assistant Secretary of State, 1942-44; Assistant to the Executive Secretary of the Economic Commission for Europe in 1949-50; Undersecretary of State for Political Affairs, 1966-69; Director of the Arms Control and Disarmament agency, 1981-83; Distinguished Research Professor of Law and Diplomacy, National Defense University, Ft. McNair, Washington, D.C. 1984-90; Distinguished Fellow, United States Institute of Peace, 1990-92; Distinguished Research Professor of Law and Diplomacy, N.D.U., and adjunct Fellow, American Enterprise Institute, 1992-. He also serves on the board of directors for the Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs (JINSA).
Dr. Rostow has written a number of books and many articles in scholarly and popular journals. His most recent book, Toward Managed Peace was published in 1993.
In 1983 he was Chairman, Executive Committee on the Present Danger. He served on the Advisory Council for the Peace Corps in 1961 and was on the Attorney General's National Committee for the Study of Anti-trust Laws in 1954 - 1955. He also served on Reagans Presidents Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board
Adm. Harry D. Train II, USN (Ret.)
Retired Admiral and former Supreme Allied Commander Atlantic
Senior Vice President
Science Application International Corporation
Former Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Atlantic Fleet; Supreme Allied Commander, Atlantic
He served as a commissioner for the US Commission on National Security/21st Century.
Director, Center for Defense and Strategic Studies, Southwest Missouri State University
He is a Senior Research Fellow in National Security Affairs at the Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace at Stanford University and a Member of the Board of Trustees of the International Institute of Strategic Studies. His past professional experience includes being a member of the U.S. Delegation to the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks with the USSR, Special Assistant for Strategic Policy and Planning in the Office of the Secretary of Defense, member of the "B-Team" effort to review national intelligence on the USSR and to produce a competitive National Intelligence Estimate and a Member of the Executive Committee of the Committee on the Present Danger. He has also been a consultant to numerous government agencies. From 1979 to 1981 he was Senior Advisor and Defense Policy Coordinator to Ronald Reagan and Director of the Department of Defense Transition Team. Professor Van Cleave is the author of numerous scholarly books and journal articles. He holds a B.A. in Political Science from the California State University and an M.A. and Ph.D. from the Claremont Graduate School.
He is the co-Director of the Division for Research in Strategy of the Institute for Advanced Strategic & Political Science (IASPS) and serves on the National Security Advisory Council of the Centre for Security Policy.