The Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs






“JINSA has a Two-Fold Mandate:


1. To educate the American public about the importance of an effective U.S. defense capability so that our vital interests as Americans can be safeguarded; and


2. To inform the American defense and foreign affairs community about the important role Israel can and does play in bolstering democratic interests in the Mediterranean and the Middle East.”


“JINSA is a national organization based in Washington D.C. It receives support from more than 17,000 members nationwide and is governed by a Board of Directors comprised of key figures in the national security community and leadership throughout the country.”


“Only one think tank puts the U.S.-Israel strategic relationship first - JINSA!”







Advisory Board

NOTE: The following profiles are taken in the main part from JINSA’s own site: http://www.jinsa.org/about/adboard/adboard.htm



David P. Steinmann, Chairman


Mr. Steinmann is Chief of Staff and Management Executive for the William Rosenwald Family Organization which is located in New York City. That organization oversees the business and financial interests of the Rosenwald Family. He has been with the Rosenwald Organization for twenty -five years.


Mr. Steinmann is also Chief of Staff, Managing Director and Treasurer of American Securities, L.P., a merchant and investment banking firm in New York City. Additionally, he serves as a director of Ametek, Inc., a New York Stock Exchange listed diversified manufacturing company.


Previously, Mr. Steinmann was a founding partner of the law firm of Ferziger, Wohl, Finkelstein and Steinmann with a broad corporate and commercial practice including financial institutions. Prior to that, Mr. Steinmann was with the law firm of Christy, Frey and Christy, located at Rockefeller Center in New York City.


From 1967 to 1970, Mr. Steinmann was an Assistant United States Attorney for the Eastern District of New York and Deputy Chief of the Criminal Division of that office. He is admitted to practice in both Washington, D.C. and New York as well as before the highest courts in each of those jurisdictions and the Supreme Court of the United States.


Mr. Steinmann is associated with numerous professional and charitable organizations including having served as: President of the Board of Columbia Grammar & Preparatory School in New York City; Vice President and Treasurer of the Academy of Political Science; President and Chief Executive Officer of the Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs (JINSA) and currently as Chairman of JINSA's Board of Advisors; Chairman of the New York Board of Governors of the Middle East Quarterly and Treasurer of the Middle East Forum; a member of the Boards of the Center for Security Policy, the America-Israel Friendship League and the Golan Fund; a member of the Executive Board of the Committee for Accuracy in Middle East Reporting in America (CAMERA); President of American Friends of Qatzrin; Executive Board member, Director and Secretary/ Treasurer of the Donor's Forum on International Affairs; a member of the Advisory Boards of the Center for Jewish Studies at Queens College, the Middle East Intelligence Bulletin and Insight Turkey International.


Mr. Steinmann holds a Bachelor of Arts degree with Honors from New York University College of Arts and Sciences, 1962; an LLB from Columbia University Law School, 1965; and an LLM from Georgetown University Graduate Law Center, 1966 where Mr. Steinmann was an E. Barrett Prettyman Fellow in Trial Advocacy.




J. Kenneth Blackwell


J. Kenneth Blackwell brings a distinguished record of achievement as an educator, diplomat and finance executive to his current position as the 51st Secretary of State of Ohio. As Secretary of State, he serves as Ohio’s chief elections officer and administrator of official records. Mr. Blackwell's public service includes terms as Mayor of Cincinnati, an undersecretary at the U.S. Department of Housing & Urban Development, U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Human Rights Commission and Treasurer of the State of Ohio. He is currently a vice president of the National Association of Secretaries of State, member of the board of directors of the Campaign Finance Institute in Washington, D.C., a member of the Advisory Panel of the Federal Elections Commission, and a member of the board of directors of the John M. Ashbrook Center for Public Affairs (Ashland University).


He is chairman of the National Electronic Commerce Coordinating Council, a member of the Harvard Policy Group on Network-Enabled Services and Government, and a member of the Advisory Board of The Princeton Review. He currently serves on the board of directors of the International City Management Association/ Retirement Corporation. He served on the National Commission on Economic Growth and Tax Reform, and in 1998, he co-edited a book with Jack Kemp, titled, IRS v. The People: Time for Real Tax Reform.


A certified government financial manager, Mr. Blackwell has served as the vice chairman of the Working Group on Soft Dollars and Commission Recapture for the U.S. Department of Labor's Advisory Council on Employee Welfare and Pension Benefit Plans (E.R.I.S.A.).


Mr. Blackwell has also served on the boards of directors of Physicians for Human Rights, the International Republican Institute and the Congressional Human Rights Foundation. He was a scholar-in-residence at the Urban Morgan Institute for Human Rights at the University of Cincinnati College of Law. As United States Representative to the U.N. Human Rights Commission, he led the U.S. delegation to all four of the preparatory meetings for the 1993 World Conference on Human Rights. He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, the board of directors of the American Council of Young Political Leaders and The National Council of the United Nations Association of the USA. He presently serves on the Board of Governors of the International League for Human Rights and the National Council of the Lawyers Committee for Human Rights.


His international activities have taken him to 53 countries and strengthened his understanding of emerging international markets and the growth of democracy worldwide. Secretary Blackwell has held the nation's highest security clearance.


Mr. Blackwell holds Bachelor of Science and Master of Education degrees from Xavier University (OH) where he later served as a vice-president and member of its faculty.


In 1992 he received Xavier's Distinguished Alumnus Award. He has been a Fellow at Harvard University's School of Government, the Aspen Institute, the Salzburg Seminar in


Austria and The School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University (British-American Project).


In 1998, Secretary Blackwell delivered the Beckett Lecture on Religious Liberty at Oxford University. He has also lectured at Harvard University, the University of Newcastle in England, the Moscow State Institute for International Relations in Russia, and the International Academy of Public Administration in Paris.


Mr. Blackwell, a life member of the NAACP, has twice received the U.S. Department of State's Superior Honor Award for his work in the field of human rights from the Administrations of Presidents George H.W. Bush and William Jefferson Clinton.




Hon. Beau Boulter


Beau Boulter is a senior associate with the Carmen Group International, specializing in congressional affairs and international trade relations.


In the Spring of 1994, Mr. Boulter was a resident Fellow of the Institute of Politics at the John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. He taught international trade and foreign policy.


From 1985 to 1989, Mr. Boulter served in the United States House of Representatives. In 1988, he was the Republican nominee for U.S. Senate opposing Lloyd Bentsen. He also served as the Texas Chairman of the Jack Kemp for President Campaign in 1988.


While in Congress, Boulter served on the House Budget Committee and chaired the House Republican Energy Task Force. Boulter also founded the Congressional Grace Caucus in April of 1985 and served as its Chairman until leaving Congress.


Mr. Boulter serves as legislative counsel to United Seniors Association, Inc. With over 540,000 members, United Seniors Association is the nation's largest senior citizens group that opposes higher taxes and increased government spending.


Mr. Boulter has been a guest on numerous national television and radio programs including CBS This Morning, CNN's Crossfire and The World Today, and C-Span. He has also written opinion editorials and been quoted extensively on matters relating to health care and international affairs in newspapers and magazines nationwide including Congressional Quarterly, National Review, Houston Chronicle, Austin American Statesman, Amarillo Globe News, Washington Times, Harvard Gazette, Harvard Salient, and the Boston Globe.




Dr. Stephen D. Bryen


Dr. Stephen Bryen pioneered the field of technology security as Deputy Under Secretary of Defense from 1981-1988. Responsible for technology security policy and high-tech trade matters affecting national defense, he worked to formulate national policies to protect U.S. military and commercial products, know-how, intellectual property, goods and services. Dr. Bryen founded the Defense Technology Security Administration (DTSA) and served as its first Director.


Dr. Bryen currently serves on the Government Security Committee of Space Systems/Loral in Palo Alto, California; the Boards of Directors of Telos Corporation in Herndon, Virginia and C- MAC Industries of Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania. Dr. Bryen is a member of the Advisory Board of Beaconsfield Capital, L.L.C. (New York) He also is an Adjunct Fellow of the American Enterprise Institute and a Fellow at the Taiwan Institute for Political, Economic and Strategic Studies. In addition, he serves on the Advisory Board of the Jewish Institue for National Security Affairs. Dr. Bryen recently completed a special study on the "Revolution in Military Affairs and the Revolution in Technology Security" and a major project on "Cyber-terrorism- The Threat and the U.S. Response."




Lt. Gen. Anthony Burshnick, USAF (Ret.)


An aviation consultant based in Washington D.C., he has advised numerous Washington, D.C. firms on logistics, airlift operations, and aircraft acquisitions. Prior to retiring from military service in 1991, Gen. Burshnick served three years as Vice Commander-in-Chief of the Military Airlift Command where he supervised the entire worldwide strategic, tactical, and administrative airlift operations of the United States Air Force, including Desert Shield/Storm.


General Burshnick has also served as Assistant Deputy Chief of Staff, Plans and Operations at Air Force HQ; Director of Personnel Programs at Air Force HQ; Deputy Chief-of-Staff for Plans of the Military Airlift Command at Scott AFB; Commandant of Cadets, United States Air Force Academy. He held several Airlift Wing Command and Staff positions including Director of Operations for C-141 and C-5 air crew training at Altus AFB and Commander of Yokota Air Base and Travis AFB.


From 1973-1975, Gen. Burshnick was the Air Force Liaison Officer to the United States House of Representatives. Gen. Burshnick is the recipient of the Distinguished Service Medal, Legion of Merit, Distinguished Flying Cross, and the Air Medal.




Dr. Anthony Cordesman


Born in Chicago and raised in Austin, Texas and West Falmouth, Massachusetts, Dr. Cordesman received his education from the University of Chicago, Harvard, the Fletcher School, Hull and London Universities, and the U.S. Navy Postgraduate School.


Dr. Cordesman is an Adjunct Professor of National Security Studies at Georgetown University, and recently served as National Security Assistant to Senator John McCain. He has worked in senior positions in the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the State Department, the Department of Energy, and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.


Posts have included acting as the Director of Policy, Planning, and Programming for Resource Applications in the Department of Energy, Civilian Assistant to the Deputy Secretary of Defense, Director of Defense Intelligence Assessment, Director of the NATO-Warsaw Pact Assessment Group for the NATO International Staff, and Director of Policy, Programming and Analysis in the Department of Energy. He has served in numerous overseas posts, including posts in NATO, Iran, Lebanon, the United Kingdom, Turkey, and West Germany.


His history also includes having taught strategic planning, defense analysts, and net assessment, and acted as national security analyst for ABC News during the Gulf War. Dr. Cordesman was the International Editor of the Armed Forces Journal, U.S. Editor of Armed Forces (U.K.), and a contributing editor to Audio magazines and The Absolute Sound.


Publications include a mix of articles and books on strategy and the Middle East. Books on strategy include Extended Deterrence, Imbalance of Power, NATO Central Region Forces, and the three volume series Lessons of Modern War. Dr. Cordesman's writings on the Middle East include the Gulf and the Search for Strategic Stability, The Iran-Iraq War: 1984-1987, The Gulf and the West,  Weapons of Mass Destruction in the Middle East and Southwest Asia, and After the Storm: The Changing Military Balance in the Middle East.




General James B. Davis, USAF (ret.)


In August of 1993, General J.B. Davis concluded a thirty-five year career with the United States Air Force as a commander fighter pilot, commander and strategic planner and programmer. He has served as a commander of a combat fighter wing, of the Air Force’s Military Personnel Center. Pacific Air Forces, and United States Forces Japan. On the staff side, he served as the Director and Programmer of the US Air Force’s personnel and training, Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations and Intelligence Pacific Air Forces, and served his last two years on active duty as the Chief of Staff, Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (NATO).


During his military career he has extensive experience in operations, intelligence, human resource management, and political/military and international affairs. He has commanded a nuclear capable organization of about six thousand personnel and several sizes in between.


In the 1990s, he was deeply involved in the successful multimillion dollar negotiations for support of US forces in Japan and the Japanese financial support of US forces in Desert Storm. In NATO, he was the Chief Negotiator with the North Atlantic Council and the United Nations for NATO’s participation in the Yugoslavia conflict.


After retirement from the military, General Davis has remained involved in his area of expertise, lecturing and speaking on international and aviation affairs. In February 1995,


General Davis was nominated to President Clinton by Speaker of the House of Representatives and confirmed by the Senate to sit on the Presidential Base Closure and Realignment Commission that reviewed the Secretary of Defense’s closure list for 1995. In July of 1995 the commission sent recommendations to the President which were accepted and became law. He continues to advise communities and states on base closure matters. Additionally General Davis served on the Congressional Commission on Servicemember’s and Veteran’s Transition Assistance (The Dole Commission). In 2001, General Davis was selected, by the Secretary of Defense, to review the V-22 Osprey Tiltrotor program. He is currently the president of a Japanese corporation and is the CEO to the American subsidiary. He served as the "Safety Czar" for Value Jet Airlines and continues to assist commercial airlines in strategic planning.


General Davis has lived overseas for more than ten years, almost evenly split between the Pacific and Europe. Because of his official duties, he has traveled extensively to all the ASEAN and NATO countries and many of the Central and Eastern European countries to include Hungary, Bulgaria and Albania, meeting with Ministers of States and Defense, Prime Ministers and Presidents.


General Davis has a BS degree in Engineering from the U.S. Naval Academy, a Masters degree in Public Administration from Auburn University at Montgomery, has attended multiple professional schools, is a military advisor to the Jewish Institute of National Security Affairs and is a National Defense University Capstone Senior Fellow.




Maj. Gen. Lee Downer


Major General Lee A. Downer retired from the U.S. Air Force in July 1997 as Director of Operations, Air Combat Command. There, he planned and directed the day-to-day flying program for 1,050 military aircraft in and outside the continental United States. He led a staff of 800 to support worldwide operational and training activities and nurtured two critical new missions into the organization. One to exploit and employ Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, the other to pioneer the operational use of information warfare concepts.


From 1992-1994, Gen. Downer was Director of Operations, United States Air Forces Europe, where he provided direction and resources to two successful humanitarian efforts in Northern Iraq and Bosnia.


From 1991-1992, as BrigadierGeneral, he was Deputy Chief of Staff Operations, 2nd Allied Tactical Air Force where he led the team that insured air support and resupply to critical command elements on the ground when NATO prepared to take a role in peace-making and humanitarian missions in Bosnia.


From 1990-1991, as Brigadier General, Lee Downer was Inspector General, United States Air Forces Europe. From1988-1990, as Colonel, he was Commander of the 20th Fighter Wing, Upper Heyford, England.


From 1964-1988, Lee Downer held various Operational and Airstaff assignments. He is a fighter pilot with over 3,500 hours in F-4, F- 111 and F-16 aircraft and has combat experience in Viet Nam and Desert Storm.


Today, Gen. Downer works as a consultant in diversified, defense related areas as an associate for Cypress International. Gen. Downer is engaged in the development of advanced air defense displays and planning systems, air training areas and information warfare.




Major General Robert D. Eaglet, USAF (ret.)


Major General Robert D. Eaglet retired as deputy assistant secretary for management policy and program integration, Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Acquisition, Washington, D.C.


General Eaglet entered the Air Force from Cleveland, where he graduated from East High School. He received a bachelor of science degree in electrical engineering from the University of Arizona in 1962 and a doctorate in electrical engineering from the University of Southern California in 1970, both through the Air Force Institute of Technology program.


The general was selected for the aviation cadet program and received his wings and commission in March 1956 as a distinguished graduate. He then attended advanced all-weather interceptor pilot training at Perrin Air Force Base, Texas, where he remained for four years as a T-33 and F-86 instructor pilot with the Air Training Command.


After graduating from the University of Arizona in 1962, General Eaglet received his first Air Force Systems Command assignment to Space Systems Division in Los Angeles. There he managed guidance and control technology programs, and conducted planning activities for future space systems.


From August 1965 to January 1966 the general was assigned to the 21st Tactical Air Support Squadron, Republic of Vietnam, where he served as a forward air controller in support of the Vietnamese army. He then served as an air liaison officer and forward air controller for the U.S. Army's 1st Cavalry Division, operating out of An Khe, Republic of Vietnam. The general flew more than 500 combat missions, mostly in 0-1 Bird Dogs.


In August 1966 he returned to Space Systems Division, where he managed space electronics technology programs for a year. He then was placed in charge of developing the payload vehicle for an operational space system for an additional year. General Eaglet next spent two years at the University of Southern California.


After receiving his doctorate in 1970, the general was assigned to Headquarters U.S. Air Force, Washington, D.C., in the Directorate of Operational Requirements and Development Plans, where he was a program element manager and division chief for strategic defense programs. In July 1974 he became military assistant to the principal deputy director for defense research and engineering in the Office of the Secretary of Defense.


In July 1975 General Eaglet was named deputy program manager of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization Airborne Early Warning Program Office in Brussels, Belgium. After the NATO defense ministers' decision to procure a force of E-3s, the general was appointed deputy general manager of the NATO Airborne Early Warning Program Management Agency. He transferred to Air Force Systems Command headquarters in July 1979 as assistant deputy chief of staff for plans and programs, and was named deputy chief of staff for plans and programs in February 1983. In July 1984 he became deputy commander for research, development and acquisition, Armament Division, Air Force Systems Command, Eglin Air Force Base, Fla.


General Eaglet assumed duties as program director for the F-16 multinational fighter program at Air Force Systems Command's Aeronautical Systems Division, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, in July 1986. He supervised the introduction of the Block 30 series of F- 16s, with alternate fighter engines and advanced medium range air-to-air missile capability, and the Block 40 series, with night and under-weather attack capabilities, as well as F-16 deliveries on behalf of 10 allied nations. He became assistant deputy, Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Acquisition in July 1989. He assumed his present position in June 1990.


The general is a command pilot with more than 5,000 flying hours, including 1,000 combat hours. His military awards and decorations include the Distinguished Service Medal, Silver Star, Defense Superior Service Medal, Legion of Merit with oak leaf cluster, Distinguished Flying Cross with oak leaf cluster, Bronze Star Medal with "V" device, Purple Heart, Meritorious Service Medal, Air Medal with 25 oak leaf clusters, and several unit and foreign citations. The University of Southern California School of Engineering designated him as Outstanding Alumnus for 1984.


He was promoted to major general Nov. 21, 1985, with date of rank Dec. 1, 1982.




Adm. Leon Edney, USN (Ret.)


Admiral Leon A. "Bud" Edney, a native of Dedham, Massachusetts, was commissioned an Ensign in 1957 following his graduation from the U.S. Naval Academy. He earned a master's degree in public administration from Harvard University in 1963.


Designated a Naval Aviator in 1958, Admiral Edney's first operational flying tours were with Air Antisubmarine Squadrons 27 and 24. Following his graduate studies at Harvard, he served a two-year tour in Washington, D.C., as a Special Assistant to the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations for Research and Development. In 1965, Admiral Edney transitioned to light attack jet aircraft and was assigned to Attack Squadron 164. In 1970, Admiral Edney was assigned to the Staff of the Chief of Naval Operations as the Western Hemisphere Plans Officer in the Political-Military Plans Division. He was selected White House Fellow in 1970 and served as a Special Assistant Secretary of Transportation. In 1971, Admiral Edney was named Executive Officer of Attack Squadron 27 and assumed command of the squadron the following year.


Admiral Edney assumed command of Carrier Air Wing TWO embarked in the aircraft carrier USS RANGER (CV 61) in 1974. He then became the commanding officer of the fleet oiler USS PONCHATOULA (AO 148) two years later. He then served as Chief of Staff for Commander, Cruiser Destroyer Group FIVE before assuming command of the aircraft carrier USS CONSTELLATION (CV 64) in January 1980. Under his command, CONSTELLATION participated in RIMPAC '80 exercise with navies from the Pacific basin before deploying to the Western Pacific in April 1980. During this deployment, CONSTELLATION remained on station in the Indian Ocean for 110 straight days in support of U.S. foreign policy.


In June 1981 Admiral Edney was designated a Commodore and became the sixty-ninth Commander of Midshipmen at the U.S. Naval Academy. In March 1984, he became Commander, Carrier Group ONE and made another deployment to the Western Pacific embarked in CONSTELLATION the following year.


Following his assignment as Commander, Carrier Group ONE, Admiral Edney served as the Assistant Deputy Chief of Naval Operations for Air Warfare; Director, Aviation Plans and Requirements Division; and later Director, Office of Program Appraisal for the Secretary of the Navy. In 1987, he became the Chief of Naval Personnel, and the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations for Manpower, Personnel, and Training. He assumed the duties of Vice Chief of Naval OPerations in August 1988, and as such was directly responsible to the Chief of Naval Operations for the command of the Navy's operating forces and the administration of its shore establishment.


In May 1990, Admiral Edney assumed his duties as NATO's Supreme Allied Commander, Atlantic, and Commander in Chief, U.S. Atlantic Command.


Admiral Edney's personal awards and decorations include the Defense Distinguished Service Medal, the Navy Distinguished Service Medal with gold star, the Legion of Merit with two gold stars, Distinguished Flying Cross with four gold stars, Bronze Star Medal, Meritorious Service Medal with gold star, Air Medal with gold numeral 8 and bronze numeral 30, Navy Commendation Medal with Combat V, and the Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross with gold star, as well as various campaign and unit awards. During his career he has accumulated more than 5,600 flight hours, flown 340 combat sorties, and made more than 1,000 carrier landings.




Ambassador Harvey Feldman


Ambassador Harvey Feldman retired from the American Foreign Service after a career spanning more than three decades and four continents. An East Asian specialist for most of his career, Ambassador Feldman also served with distinction in Eastern Europe and at the United Nations.


Mr. Feldman served in Hong Kong for eight years, Taiwan for six, and Japan for four years. As a member of the Policy Planning Staff of the State department, he helped plan President Richard Nixon’s epoch-making first visit to China, and continued involvement with the process of relations with China as Director of the Office of the Republic of China Affairs. In that capacity, he created the American Institute in Taiwan which replaced our embassy in Taipei after relations were shifted to Peking. Though nominally an unofficial foundation, the Institute carries our all essential functions of our former embassy. He also was one of the drafters of the Taiwan Relations Act-landmark legislation that defines our relationship with the Republic of China in Taiwan.


After serving as American Ambassador to Paupa New Guinea and the Soloman Islands, he was asked by Ambassador Jeanne Kirkpatrick to join her staff as Alternate U.S. Representative to the United Nations, with the rank of Ambassador. He was a delegate to six UN General Assemblies, representing the United States in both Third and Fourth Committees. Feldman also served as U.S. Representative on the Trusteeship Council, led American delegations to the Economic and Social Council for Asia and the Pacific, and also represented the United States on the Commission on Human Rights, and the Commission on the Status of Women.


After retiring from the Foreign Service, Ambassador Feldman spent a year as Vice President of the Institute for East-West Security Studies, a think tank specializing on arms control and disarmament issues. Thereafter he taught graduate seminars in international relations at New York University, with emphasis on techniques of multilateral negation. After moving to Washington, D.C., he became a partner in Global Business Access, Ltd., a consulting firm formed by retired senior diplomats. He became a Senior Fellow at the Heritage Foundation in 1996.


Ambassador Harvey Feldman’s languages are Mandarin Chinese, Japanese, and Bulgarian. His op-ed essays have appeared in The Washington Post, The New York Times, The Journal of Commerce, and other papers. Longer articles have appeared in Asian Survey, The National Interest, and the Strategic Studies Series of The Claremont Institute’s Asian Studies Center. He is also the editor of two books, Taiwan in a Time of Transition, and Constitutional Reform and the Future of the Republic of China.




Gen. John Foss, USA (Ret.)


General John W. Foss enlisted in the 136th Infantry of the Minnesota National Guard in April 1950. He joined the Regular Army in 1951 as an Infantryman, was later admitted to the United States Military Academy at West Point and was commissioned in the Infantry after graduation in 1956.


He has held a variety of Command and Staff positions, both overseas and in the U.S. He has eight overseas tours including four in Europe and four in the Far East. General Foss served as a platoon leader in the 504th and 187th Airborne Infantry in both Germany and Lebanon and commmanded a rifle company in the 3rd Battalion, 32nd Infantry in Korea. He served two tours in combat in Vietnam with the 4th Infantry Division as Operations Officer, 2nd Brigade, and as the Commander of the 3rd Battalion, 12th Infantry.


General Foss commanded the 3rd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division; the U.S. Army Infantry Center and School at Fort Benning; the 82nd Airborne Division; and the XVIII Airborne Corps at Fort Bragg. While in command of XVIII Airborne Corps, he deployed corps units on emergency operational deployment to Honduras, Panama and the Persian Gulf.


As Commander of the 82nd Airborne Division, Gen. Foss served as Commander of the Multinational Force of Observers (MFO) organization in the Sinai.


Other assignments include the G-3 of III Corps; Chief of the Joint Military Advisory Group, Manila, Phillipines; Commanding General, Seventh Army Training Command in Germany; the Chief of Infantry, U.S. Army, the Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations and Plans, Department of the Army; and Commanding General, Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC).


General Foss holds a Bachelor of Science degree from the United States Military Academy and a Master's Degree in Public Administration from Shippensburg State College. His awards include the Distinguished Service Medal (with two Oak Leaf Clusters), the Air Force Distinguished Service Medal, Silver Star (with Oak Leaf CLuster), Defense Superior Service Medal, Legion of Merit (with Oak Leaf Cluster), the Distinguished Flying Cross and 30 other U.S. and allied awards. He wears the Ranger Tab, Expert Infantryman's Badge, Combat Infantryman's Badge and the Master Parachutist Badge with over 300 military jumps. He has been awarded British, Philippine, Honduran and Egyptian parachute badges and the Army General Staff and Joint Chiefs of Staff Identification Badges. General Foss was inducted into the Ranger Hall of Fame in 1995.




Lt. Gen. Thomas Griffin, USA (Ret.)


Currently the Vice President of the Federal Systems Division at Computer Generated Solutions, Gen. Griffin's most recent military assignment was as the Chief of Staff, Allied Forces Southern Europe in Naples, Italy in 1988. Other positions that he has held include: 3rd Armored Division Commander and the Commander of the Frankfurt Military Community, U.S. Army Berlin Brigade Commander and Commander of the Berlin American Military Community, Assistant Division Commander (Maneuver) 3rd Armored Division (Spearhead) and Commander of the Giessen Military Community, Deputy Director for Plans and Policy for the U.S. Pacific Command, Chief of Colonels Division in the Military Personnel Center, Chief of Readiness Division in the office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations and Plans, and Commander of the 3rd Brigade of the 2nd Infantry Division in Korea from 1978-1979.


Gen. Griffin's awards include the Defense Distinguished Service Medal, The Army Distinguished Service Medal (two awards), the Legion of Merit, the Bronze Star, Air Medals, two Meritorious Service Medals, the Joint Service Commendation Medal, and two Army Commendation Medals. He was also awarded the Gallantry Cross with Gold Star and the Staff Service Medal by the Republic of Vietnam. He earned the Combat Infantry Badge, the Parachutist Badge, and the Ranger Tab.




Hon. Frank Hoeber


Mr. Hoeber's most recent occupation is as President of Hoeber Corporation. His prior experience includes appointments in the Reagan and Bush administrations to the President's General Advisory Committee on Arms Control and Disarmament. Previous to that he has taken positions with the Rand Corp. (1968-94), Stanford Research Institute (1960-68), Borg-Warner Corp. (1956-58), Operations Research Office, Johns Hopkins University (1953-56). During and after the WWII period Mr. Hoeber assisted in numerous capacities at U.S. government offices in Europe. Mr. Hoeber was a negotiator in the Allied Control Commission with the Committee for European Economic Cooperation (CEOC) and was a member of the U.S. State Department economic review committee during the formation of the Iron and Steel Community, the early predecessor to the European Union.


Mr. Hoeber has consulted for the Deptartment of the Army of numerous non-profit and commercial firms. Mr. Hoeber has been or is an Associate of the Military Operations Rsearch Society and The Georgetown University Center for International and Strateic Studies, a Visiting scholar at The Hoover Institute, and a Member of the Marshall Group and the Cosmos Club. He is noted for an Associate Editorship for Comparative Strategy and positions on the Editorial Boards of International Security Review and Technological Forecasting. In addition, he has been an adjunct Professor at the Georgetown University Graduate School's National Security Studies Program, and held graduate professorship at Catholic University of America, University of Southern California, Johns Hopkins University and the U.S. Department of Agriculture Graduate School.


Mr. Hoeber recieved his Bachelor of Arts from Antioch College in 1940. He completed Master of Arts course work at American University and Ph.D work at the University of Pennsylvania. Publications include Military Applications of Modeling; Selected Case Studies (1980), How Little is Enough: Salt and Security in the Long Run (1981), and Slow to Take Offense: Bombers, Cruise Missles and Prudent Deterrence (1977).




Adm. David Jeremiah, USN (Ret.)


Admiral David E. Jeremiah is Partner and President of Technology Strategies & Alliances Corporation, a strategic advisory and investment banking firm engaged primarily in the aerospace, defense, telecommunications, and electronics industries.


During his military career, Admiral Jeremiah earned a reputation as an authority on strategic planning, financial management and the policy implications of advanced technology.


Prior to leaving military service in February 1994, Admiral Jeremiah served four years as Vice Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff for Generals Powell and Shalikashvili. He was Colin Powell's alter ego during the Gulf War and a key player for both Chairmen in the transition to a post-Cold War military.


Admiral Jeremiah was Commander in Chief of the United States Pacific Fleet from 1987-1991. He commanded a task force, battle group and destroyer squadron in earlier tours in the Mediterranean. In October 1985 he directed the capture of the Achille Lauro hijackers and in April 1986 led combat operations against Libya in the Gulf of Sidra. Ashore, Admiral Jeremiah served as Director, Navy Program Planning and in financial planning positions on the staffs of the Secretary of Defense and Chief of Naval Operations.


Currently, Admiral Jeremiah serves on the Boards of Directors for Litton Industries, Alliant Techsystems Inc., Geobiotics, Inc., GSE Systems, Inc., Standard Missle Company and the National Committee on U.S.-China Relations, advisory boards for Texas Instruments, ManTech International and Northrop Grumman Corporations, and the Defense Policy Board that advises the Secretary of Defense.


Admiral Jeremiah earned a bachelor's degree in Business Administration from the University of Oregon and a masters degree in Financial Management from the George Washington University. He complete the Program for Management Development at Harvard University.




Adm. Jerome Johnson, USN (Ret.)


Admiral "Jerry" Johnson is the President/CEO of the Navy-Marine Corps Relief Society (NMCRS), a non-profit charitable organization whose purpose is to provide financial assistance to Navy and Marine Corps personnel and their families in time of need.


Prior to joining NMCRS in October 1994, Admiral Johnson served as President of the Government Division of Key Technologies International, a San Diego-based educational computer software development company.


Admiral Johnson's final assignment before leaving active duty on 1 July 1992, after almost 38 years of naval service, was serving as the Vice Chief of Naval Operations--the Number Two man in the Navy--and the "Gray Eagle," or the longest-serving active duty naval aviator. His duties involved daily interaction and coordination with the Joint Staff and various governmental agencies in his responsibilities for the operations and administration of the Navy. He was the principal Navy representative for Defense program assessment and Joint Requirements Oversight Committee (JROC). He directed Navy-wide fiscal and overhead reduction decisions to meet longrange strategic goals. Before serving as Vice Chief of Naval Operations, Admiral Johnson filled flag positions as Director Strategy, Plans, and Policy, and of General Planning Programming; and Director of Program Appraisal for the Secretary of the Navy.


Admiral Johnson's at seas assignments included Command of the Second Fleet, repsonsible for the training and readiness of ships and aircraft in the Atlantic Fleet, and Command of NATO's Striking Fleet Atlantic; Commander of Carrier Groups FOUR and Commander Carrier Striking Force; and serving as COmmanding Officer of the combat stores ship USS SAN JOSE (AFS-7) and he served as the 32nd Commanding Officer of the aircraft carrier USS CORAL SEA (CV-43).


A native of Texas, Admiral Johnson attended Texas A&M University prior to entering the Naval Aviation Cadet Program in 1955. In 1956 he was commissioned an Ensign and designated a naval aviator. He received a Bachelor of Science degree from the Naval Postgraduate School, and is a gradute of the Defense Intelligence College. In 1987 Admiral Johnson was awarded the Doctor of Philosophy (Honoris cause) in Strategic Intelligence from the Defense Intelligence College in Washington, DC.




Phyllis Kaminsky


Phyllis Kaminsyk is a public affairs and international marketing consultant to major U.S. corporations in the aerospace, defense and technology sectors. She previously served as Director of the United Nations Information Center and the Secretary General's representative in Washington, as well as in senior positions at the United States Information Agency and the White House National Security Council. She was on the Board of the International Republican Institute for 5 years and the International Women's Forum Leadership Foundation and the founding President of the Presidential appointee to the Board of Visitors of the U.S. Air Force Academy from 1989 to 1992 and currently is an Advisor to the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy and the Center for Security Policy in Washington. She also serves on the Board of Directors of the Parliamentary Human Rights Foundation, Kids Voting USA and the National Defense University Foundation. Ms. Kaminsky heads her own Washington, D.C. based international consulting firm.




Amb. Max M. Kampelman


Max M. Kampelaman, a lawyer, diplomat and educator served as Ambassador and Head of the United States Delegation to the negotiations on nuclear and space arms, in Geneva. A partner, until his retirement in 1985, in the law firm of Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Kampelman, he has lived and worked in Washington since 1949. He has had an active career in the law, government service, education and public affairs.


In addition to his diplomatic assignment, he served by Presidential appointment as a member of the Board of Directors of the United States Institute of Peace; and as Trustee of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, which he previously served as Chairman. He was appointed by President Reagan to serve as Ambassador and Head of the U.S. Delegation to the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe, which took place in Madrid from 1980 to 1983. He previously was a Senior Advisor to the U.S. Delegation to the United Nations and served as Legislative Counsel to U.S. Senator Hubert H. Humphrey.


An educator, he received his J.D. from New York University and his Ph.D. in Political Science from the University of Minnesota, where he taught from 1946 to 1948. He has also served on the faculties of Bennington College, Claremont College, the University of Wisconsin, and Howard University. He continues to lecture frequently here and abroad and has written extensively in scholarly and public affairs journals. He has served on the governing boards of Georgetown University, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Haifa University, the University of Tel Aviv, New York University School of Law, Mt. Vernon College, and the College of the Virgin Islands. He has received honorary Doctorate degrees from Georgetown University, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and Hebrew Union College.


Mr. Kampelman was the founder and moderator of the public affairs program on public television, "Washington Week in Review." He served as chairman of the Washington public broadcasting radio and television stations from 1963-1970.


He served, until his diplomatic assignment, as Chairman of Freedom House, Vice Chairman of the Coalition for a Democratic Majority, on the Executive Committee of the Committee in the Present Danger, Honorary Vice Chairman of the Anti-Defamation League, Chairman of the National Advisory Committee of the American Jewish Committee, and Vice President of the Jewish Publication Society.




V. Adm. Bernard Kauderer, USN (Ret.)


A 1953 graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy, Vice Admiral Kauderer first served in the destroyer, USS THE SULLIVAN (DD-537), and then as Executive Officer in the minesweeper, USS HUMMINGBIRD (MSC-192). He attended Submarine School in New London, Connecticut in 1957.


Following qualification in the radar picket submarine USS RATON (SSR-270) in 1958, he was selected for the nuclear power program, and attended a year of training in New London, Connecticut and Idaho Falls, Idaho. He then served as Damage Control Assistant in the Polaris missile submarine USS ROBERT E. LEE (SSBN- 601); as Engineer Officer in the attack submarine USS SKIPJACK (SSN-585); and then as Executive Officer in the USS ULYSSES S. GRANT (SSBN-631).


Command of the nuclear attack submarine USS BARB (SSN-596) from 1966 to 1970 was followed by command of the Naval Nuclear Power Training Unit, Idaho Falls, Idaho, and command of the submarine tender USS DIXON (AS-37) from 1973 to 1975. He next served on the staff of the Commander, Submarine Force, U.S. Atlantic Fleet, first as Deputy Chief of Staff for Logistics and Management, and then as Chief of Staff. Following selection to Rear Admiral in 1977, he he served as Commander Submarine Group FIVE in San Diego. In 1979, he was ordered to Washington, D.C. as Deputy Director, Research, Development, Test and Evaluation on the staff of the Chief of Naval Operations. In June, 1981, he assumed command of the Submarine Force, U.S. Pacific Fleet, serving there until June, 1983, at which time he was promoted to Vice Admiral and assigned as Commander Submarine Force, U.S. Atlantic Fleet. He served concurrently as Commander Submarine, Allied Command Atlantic, and as Commander, Submarine Forces, Western Atlantic, both NATO posts.


Vice Admiral Kauderer retired from active duty on 1 August 1986 after 33 years of naval services. He is presently a consultant to industry and government, and serves as President, Naval Submarine League.


In addition to the Distinguished Service Medal, the Legion of Merit (three awards), the Meritorious Service Medal, and the Navy Occupation Services Medal, the National Defense Service Medal and the Viet Nam Service MEdal. For his work with the National Security Industry Association ASW Committee, he received the Meritorious Public Service Award.




Lt. Gen. Robert Kelley, USAF (Ret.)




Hon. Jack Kemp


Mr. Kemp served for four years as Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, and proved to be one of our nation's most innovative leaders in that role. He was the first and strongest advocate of Enterprise Zones to encourage entrepreneurship and job creation in urban America and of expanding home ownership among the poor through resident management and ownership of public housing.


In March, 1995, Senator Bob Dole and Speaker Newt Gingrich put Jack Kemp at the center of the tax and economic debate tor the 96 campaign by naming him chairman of the National Commission on Economic Growth and Tax Reform to study how major restructuring of our tax code can help unleash the entrepreneurial spirit of Americans, grow the economy without inflation and create greater opportunity for people to escape poverty.


Mr. Kemp also serves as a Distinguished Fellow at the Heritage Foundation, on the Board of Directors of Habitat for Humanity and was recently elected to the Board of Howard University in Washington. D.C. In addition, he has been selected as Domestic Policy Committee Chairman of the International Democratic Union, a worldwide organization of political leaders of the "center- right," dedicated to advancing the cause of democracy, freedom and free market economics.


Before his appointment to the Cabinet, Mr. Kemp represented the Buffalo area and western New York for 18 years in the United States House of Representatives from 1971 to 1989. He served for seven years in the Republican Leadership as Chairman of the House Republican Conference.


Jack Kemp came to Congress after 13 years as a professional football quarterback. He was captain of the San Diego Chargers from 1960 to 1962 and also of the Buffalo Bills, the team he helped lead to the American Football League championship in 1964 and 1965, when he was named the league's most valuable player. He also co-founded the AFL Players Association and was five times elected president.




Dr. Jeane J. Kirkpatrick


Jeane J. Kirkpatrick is Leavey Proffessor of Government at Georgetown University. For more than four years she was the U.S. representative to the United Nations and a member of President Reagan's cabinet and National Security Council. Ambassador Kirkpatrick is the first woman to have served in that office.


Kirkpatrick was also a member of the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board (1985-1990) and of the Defense Policy Reivew Board (1985- 1993). She chaired the Secretary of Defense Commission on Fail Safe and Risk Reduction (1991-1992). Her books include The Withering Away of the Totalitarian State; Legitimacy and Force; The Reagan Phenomenon; Dictaorships and Double Standards; Dismantling the Parties; Refelections on Party Reform an Party Decomposition; The New Presidential Elite; Political Woman; and Leader and Vanguard in Mass Society: A Study of Peronist Argentina.




Prof. Michael Ledeen


Michael A. Ledeen is one of the world's leading authorities on contemporary history and international affairs. In a few years in government, he carried out some of the most sensitive and dangerous missions in recent American history. He has been profiled in the New York Times, and was the subject of a front-page article and a lead editorial in the Wall Street Journal. A profile of him concluded that "a portrait emerges of a man with an intense knowledge of 20th-century history, a deep commitment to democracy, and a willingness to be adventurous. This is a man who has helped shape American foreign policy at its highest levels."


Formerly Rome correspondent for the New Republic, and the founding editor of the Washington Quarterly, Ledeen is currently Foreign Editor of the American Spectator, a contributor to the Wall Street Journal, the Weekly Standard, The International Economy and National Review, and adviser to multinational corporations in Europe, Africa and the United States, and a corporate director in America and Africa. He also write about contract bridge for the Wall Street Journal.


Dr. Ledeen is a celebrated scholar and lecturer. He holds a Ph.D in History and Philosophy from the University of Wisconisn, and has been the recipient of many awards and research grants. His 12 books include Grave New Worlds, which predicted the crisis of the Soviet Empire five years before it occurred, and Freedom Betrayed; How the United States Led a Global Domocratic Revolution, Won the Cold War, and Walked Away. His essays in Commentary, the New Republic, and the American Spectator have been reprinted in dozens of lnaguages around the world.




Vice Admiral Anthony A. Less, USN (ret.)


V. Adm. Anthony A. Less was born in Salem, Ohio on August 31, 1937. Upon graduating from Heidelberg College in Tiffin, Ohio, he competed the Naval Aviation Officer Candidate Program and was commissioned as Ensign in April 19060. He earned his Naval Aviator’s wings in June 1961.


Subsequent operational and combat tours included five Light Attack squadron assignments, flying primarily A-4 Skyhawk and A-7 Corsair II aircraft. VAMD Less has logged more than 6,200 hours and over 1,000 arrested carrier landings in navy front-line tactical jets. His sea assignments have included command of Attack Squadron TWELVE, Carrier Air Wing NINE, USS Wichita (AOR- 1), USS Ranger (CV-61), Carrier Group ONE, Joint Task Force Middle East and Middle East Force, and duty as Chief of Staff to Commander US SEVENTH Fleet.


V. Adm. Less’ shore assignments have included duty as an A-4 Skyhawk weapons instructor, Aviation Assignment Officer, Commanding Officer of the Navy’s Blue Angels Flight Demonstration Squadron, Executive Assistant to the Deputy Chief of Naval Aide to the Commander-in-Chief, US Pacific Command in Honolulu, HI, Deputy Director for Politico-Military Affairs in the Strategic Plans and Policy Directorate of the Joint Staff in Washington, D.C. Assistant Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (OP-06B), and as Acting Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (OP-06). In his last Naval assignment he served 32 months as Commander Naval Air Force, U.S. Atlantic Fleet. V. Adm. Less retired from active duty on May 1, 1994, after completing 34 years of naval service.


V. Adm. Less is authorized to wear the Defense Distinguished Service Medal (with gold star in lieu of second awards), Defense Superior Service Medal (with Oak Leaf cluster in lieu of second award), Legion of Merit (with gold star in lieu of second award), Air Medal with 10 strike/flight awards, Navy Commendation Medal with Combat "V", joint Meritorious Unit Award, Navy Unit Commendation, Navy "E" Ribbon and other campaign awards.


V. Adm. Less is married to the former Leanne Carol Kuhl of Memphis, TN. They have four daughters: Robyn (Mrs. Paul Monger), Pan (Mrs. Chris Maxey), Tracy, and Christy. They also have five granddaughters and one grandson.


From August 17, 1994 until January 19, 1996, V. Adm. Less served as the President of the Association of Naval Aviation — a non-profit professional organization with headquarters in Falls Church, Virginia. On January 22, 1996, he joined Kaman Aerospace Corporation where he now serves in the Washington Office as Vice President Government Programs.




M. Gen. Jarvis Lynch, USMC (Ret.)


Major General Lynch, a native of Glassboro, New Jersey, graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy on 1 June 1956 and was commissioned a Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps. Upon completion of The Basic School at Quantico, Virginia, he was designated a Marine Infantry Officer.


During subsequent years, General Lynch served in a variety of billets typically assigned to infantry officers.... from rifle platoon leader to assistant division operations officer... both in the U.S. and overseas. During the period from July of 1968 to August of 1969, he served in Vietnam as the operations officer of a Marine infantry battalion and also as the operations officer of a Special Landing Force. Both organizations conducted a series of amphibious operations along the northern coast of South Vietnam.


In 1979, General Lynch was assigned duties as the executive officer of the 8th Marine Corps District. In 1981, he was designated the district's commanding officer and served in that capacity until 1983. The 8th District's headquarters is located in New Orleans at the NAval Support Activity on the West Bank. At the time, the district was responsible for Marine Corps recruiting in an area ranging from the Rio Grande to North Dakota and from the Rockies to a boundary generally tracing the course of the Mississippi River.


After leaving New Orleans, General Lynch assumed duties as the Chief of Staff, Headquarters, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific, located in Hawaii. In 1985, he was selected for promotion to the grade of Brigadier General and assigned duties with Headquarters, Allied Forces, Northern European Command, NATO's northernmost headquarters then located near Oslo, Norway.


Leaving Norway in 1987, the General Lynch moved to Camp Lejeune to assume command of the 2nd Force Service Support Group. In 1988, General Lynch was selected for promotion to the grade of major general and late that year assumed command of the Marine Corps Recruit Depot, Parris Island and the Eastern Recruiting Region. As such, he was responsible for all Marine Corps recruiting east of the Mississippi and for the recruit training of all male recruits form that region as well as all female recruits from throughout the nation.


During his career, the general attended the Marine Corps Command and Staff College at Quantico, Virginia, graduating with honors, and the Naval Warfare College at Newport, Rhode Island, graduating with distinction.


Retiring from the Marine Corps in 1991, General Lynch has pursued one career in writing and another in providing military consulting services. In 1995, General Lynch was designated the U.S. Naval Institute's, "Distinguished Author of the Year." A recent article, "Landmines, Lies and Other Phenomena," addressing the subject of the ongoing landmine controversy, appeared in the Naval Institute Proceedings magazine.




Senator Connie Mack


Senator Connie Mack represented the State of Florida in the United States Congress for 18 years, including the past 12 years in the United States Senate where he played a leading role in economic and health care issues. At the time of his retirement in 2001, Senator Mack served as the Republican Conference Chairman, making him the third-ranking member of the Senate Republican leadership. He was first elected to that position in 1996.


Senator Mack became the first Republican in Florida history to be re-elected to the U.S. Senate in 1994 when he received more than 70 percent of the vote, more than any other Republican candidate in the nation. Prior to his election to the Senate, he served three two- year terms as a member of the House of Representatives from southwest Florida. In April of 1994, Mack was named by Campaign and Election magazine as one of the 20 most popular elected officials in America. As a House member, U.S. News and World Report identified him as one of the nation’s most effective "new rising political stars." In 1996, Mack was considered by Republican presidential candidate Bob Dole to serve as his vice- presidential running mate.


In February 2001, Senator Connie Mack joined the government relations’ practice at the law firm Shaw Pittman as Senior Policy Advisor. Senator Mack works with the firm’s clients to develop and implement strategies to successfully achieve their legislative policy goals. Currently, Senator Mack serves as chairman of the Board of Directors of the H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute as well as on a number of boards, civic and volunteer organizations.


During his congressional career, Senator Mack played a key role in the passage of laws dealing with health care, financial modernization, modification of the tax code, and public housing reform. A cancer survivor, Senator Mack has also been a strong advocate for cancer research, early detection and treatment. Senator Mack led a historic bipartisan congressional effort to double funding for biomedical research through the National Institutes of Health and worked tirelessly to secure the necessary appropriations. He is past president and founding trustee of the American Cancer Society Foundation. He has been the recipient of numerous honors and awards over the years, including the 1999 National Coalition for Cancer Research Lifetime Achievement Award; American Cancer Society’s 1992 Courage Award and the Susan G. Komen Breast Cancer Foundation’s Betty Ford Award.


Mack helped define the framework of landmark legislation to allow the financial industry to respond appropriately to the increasing demands of an aggressive global marketplace. He has a long history of fighting for debt-deficit reduction. He co-authored and introduced into the House the landmark Gramm-Rudman deficit reduction law.


In recognition of his ability to forge coalitions and function as one of the most successful bridge builders between various po9litical interests, he was singled out by his Republican colleagues into councils of leadership. In addition to his Chairmanship of the Republican Conference, he served as the Republican Conference Secretary. He was the Chairman of the Joint Economic Committee for two terms and served on the Senate Finance, Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs, Appropriations, Foreign Relations and Intelligence Committees during his congressional career.


Senator Mack’s interest in economic affairs stems from his 16 years in the banking industry; five of those years as president of the Florida National Bank of Lee County. Educated at the University of Florida, he holds a degree in marketing and business.


Born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on October 29, 1940, Senator Mack has been married since September 1960 to the former Priscilla Hobbs, a native of Fort Myers. They are the parents of two children and the grandparents of four. Their son, Connie H. Mack, was recently elected to the Florida House of Representatives for District 91.


Senator Mack is the grandson of legendary baseball manager and owner of the Philadelphia Athletics, Connie Mack. The Senator’s great-grandfather, John Sheppard, served in the U.S. House of Representatives from the sate of Texas, as did his maternal grandfather, Morris Sheppard. Morris Sheppard was later elected to the U.S. Senate. Senator Mack’s step-father, Tom Connally, also served in the Senate representing Texas.




Lt. Gen. Charles May, USAF (Ret.)


After receiving his commission in the Air Force as a second lieutenant and aeronautical rating as a navigator, General May entered primary pilot training at Bainbridge Air Base, GA., flying T-34s and T-37s. He then was assigned to Reese Air Force BAse, TX, where he completed T-33 training in September 1960 and earned his pilot wings. In October 1960, the general transferred to James Connally Air Force Base, TX, to fly T-29s. Later, he became and instructor pilot assigned to the 3566th Navigator Training Squadron's Instrument and Transition Section.


In April 1963, after completing the Instrument Pilot Instructor School program, he joined the staff of the school as a flight instructor in T-29s, an academic instructor and a T-39 pilot. Subsequently, General May was selected for the Air Force Institute of Technology graduate program at Columbia University, entering in 1965. After completing the course work for a Ph.D. and graduating with a M.A. two years later, he was assigned to the department of of political science at the Air Force Academy as an academic instructor. In April 1969, he volunteered for a combat assignment to Southeast Asia. After completing A-37 combat crew training at England Air Force Vase, L.A., he departed for Da Nang Air Base, South Vietnam for assignment as the wing standardization and evolution advisor to the 41st Wing of the Vietnamese Air Force. While in Vietnam, he flew 165 combat missions in the A- 37.


He returned to the Air Force Academy in May 1970 as an associate professor of political science. In June 1972, the general was selected to attend to Air Force headquarters as an Air Staff action officer with duty in the Pacific-Southeast Asia Branch, Directorate of Plans, Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Plans and Policy, for the next two years.


After completing B-52 combat crew training at Carswell Air Force Base, TX in 1975, General May reported to the 96th Bombardment Wing at Dyess Air Force Base, TX. During this assignment, he served as a B-52 aircraft commander, operations officer and commander of the 337th Bombardment Squadron. In January 1978, he became the deputy commander of the 96th Combat Support at Dyess. The following summer he entered the North Atlantic Treaty Organization Defense College, graduating in 1979. He was then assigned to the 11th Strategic Group at Royal Air Force Station Fairford, England as the deputy commander for operations. In March 1980, he became the group commander.


From July 1981 to August 1982, he commanded the 92nd Bombardment Wing at Fairchild Air Force Base, WA. General May was then assigned to Headquarters Strategic Sir Command, Offutt Air Force Base, NB., as the director of training. In January 1983, he was promoted to brigadier general and became the director of command control.


Subsequently, he returned to Air Force headquarters to server as deputy for strategic forces, Directorate of Operational Requirements, Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff, Research, Development and Acquisition from October 1984 to July 1985. He was then assigned to the Office of the Deputy Chief Staff, Research, Development and Acquisition as the special assistant for ICBM modernization. The general later served as the deputy director of operational requirements as well as special assistant for ICBM modernization from February 1986 to March 1987. He then became the deputy director for strategic, airlift and training programs, Office of the Secretary of the Air Force Acquisition as the result of the implementation of the Goldwater-Nichols DoD Reorganization Act.


In June 1988, Major General May was reassigned to Headquarters Strategic Air Command in the newly created position of deputy chief of staff for requirements, acquisition and testing. He returned to the Pentagon in January 1990 as the assistant ot the deputy Chief of Staff for Plans and Operations. Thirteen months later, he was promoted to lieutenant general and assigned as the Assistant Vice Chief of Staff of the Air Force.


General May retired from active duty on July 1, 1992. He had earned the rating of command pilot with more than 5400 hours in various aircraft including B-52s, KC-135s, EC-135s, T-39s and A- 37s. His military awards and decorations include the Distinguished Service Metal, Legion of Merit, Bronze Star Medal, Meritorious Service Metal with two oak leaf clusters, Air Medal with six oak leaf clusters, and numerous foreign awards.


Immediately after retirement from the Air Force, General May accepted a Senior Executive Service position as the only full time commissioner and Vice Chairman on the Congressionally mandated Defense Conversion Commission. He left that position in February 1993 when the Commission completed its work and issued a report to the President.


Since 1993, he has been self-employed as an independent consultant focusing on national security issues and business process re- engineering practices. His list of clients include: Global Associates; the State of Ohio; Burdeshaw Associates; Hughes SPace Communications; Sage Alliance; Information Analysis; Lockheed Martin Missiles and Space; AIL; Northrop Grumman; NA Rockwell; The Gimbal Group; Microdyne; Universal Power Systems; Strictly BUSINESS; Software Valley; AARP. General May is a member of the Board of Advisors to the Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs and a director for Information Analysis and the Air Force Retired Officers Community.




Gen. Jack Merritt, USA (Ret.)


General Merritt is currently the President Emeritus of the Association of the U.S. Army. Other positions include acting consultant for the Jet Propulsion Laboratory of the California Institute of Technology; Adjunct Fellow, Center for Strategic and International Studies; Advisor, U.S. Army for Interagency Committee on Nuclear Weapons and nuclear and conventional arms control matters; Lecturer and Speaker, National Security, NATO; and Director of multiple organizations: Landmark Land, Inc., Atlantic Council of the United States, George C. Marshall Foundation.


Retired from the U.S. Army in 1987 as a 4-star General, General Merritt served as U.S. Representative, NATO Military Committee (1985- 1987), Director of the Joint Staff, Joint Chief of Staff (1983-1985), and Commander, Combined Arms Center, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas (1983).




Hon. Dave McCurdy


President, Electronic Industries Alliance


Dave McCurdy was elected president of EIA in October of 1998. As the Alliance's chief executive officer, he oversees the activities of the national trade organization representing the full spectrum of U.S. manufacturers in the more than $500 billion electronics industry.


The Alliance, with a budget over $50 million and staff of 260, is headquartered in Arlington, Virginia, and represents manufacturers whose products range from the smallest electronics components to the most complex system used by defense, space and industry, including the full range of consumer products.


Mr. McCurdy came to EIA after a distinguished career in the United States House of Representatives, and as chairman and chief executive officer of the McCurdy Group L.L.C., a successful business consulting and investment practice.


Professional Experience


Congressman McCurdy spent 14 years (1981-1995) in the House of Representatives as the Member from the fourth district of Oklahoma. He attained numerous leadership positions including: Chairman of the House Intelligence Committee; Chairman of the Military Installations and Facilities Subcommittee of the House Armed Services Committee; and Chairman of the Transportation Aviation and Materials Subcommittee of the Science and Space Committee. He was the youngest person in Congressional history to chair a full committee. He was also co-founder and national chairman of the Democratic Leadership Council.


As a House Member, Congressman McCurdy played a major role in enacting numerous important legislative initiatives including: 1988 National Superconductivity Competitiveness Act; the 1985 Goldwater-Nickles Act, which reorganized the Department of Defense; the Nunn-McCurdy Amendment of 1982, requiring Congressional notification of Defense cost overruns of 15% or more; and the 1993 National Service Legislation which originated in a bill introduced by McCurdy and Senator Nunn.




A 1972 graduate of the University of Oklahoma, McCurdy received his JD in 1975 from Oklahoma's Law School. He also studied international economics at the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, as a Rotary International Graduate Fellow. McCurdy held a commission in the United States Air Force Reserve attaining the rank of major and serving as a Judge Advocate General, (JAG). He currently serves on a number of boards and commissions, and has received a host of prestigious awards and honors.


Mr. McCurdy and his wife Dr. Pam McCurdy, a physician specializing in child psychiatry, live in McLean, VA. They have three children, Josh, Cydney and Shannon.




Dr. Joshua Muravchik


Since March 1987, Dr. Muravchik has been a Resident Scholar at the American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research. He is the author of dozens of articles, monographs and books, including Exporting Democracy. (The AEI Press, 1991) and The Uncertain Crusade: Jimmy Carter and the Dilemmas of Human Rights Policy (Hamilton Press, 1986).




Major General Robert B. Patterson, USAF (ret.)


Major General Robert B. Patterson last served as commander of Military Airlift Command’s 23rd Air Force, Hurlburt Field, Fla., and commander of Air Force Special Operations Command.


General Patterson was born Oct. 18, 1933, in Mebane, N.C. He attended public schools in Chapel Hill, N.C., and graduated from the University of North Carolina in 1956. The general received a master’s degree in business administration from Webster College and is a graduate of Columbia University’s executive program in business administration. He completed Armed Forces Staff College in 1971 and Air War College in 1976.


He entered the Air Force in August 1956 and received his pilot wings at Vance Air Force Base, Okla., in October 1957. His first operational assignment was to the 31st Air Rescue Squadron at Clark Air Base, Philippines. In 1960 he transferred to Lackland Air Force Base, Texas, as aide-de-camp to the Military Training Center commander. From 1963 to 1966 he served as special assistant to the air deputy of Allied Forces Northern Europe in Oslo, Norway.


Returning to the United States, General Patterson joined the 39th Tactical Airlift Squadron of the 317th Tactical Airlift Wing, Lockbourne (now Rickenbacker) Air Force Base, Thailand, as an AC-130 gunship pilot in the 16th Special Operations Squadron of the 8th Tactical Fighter Wing.


The general then attended Armed Force Staff College. From September 1971 to October 1973 he was assigned as an air operations staff officer in the Directorate of Plans, Headquarters U.S. Air Force, Washington, D.C. He left the Pentagon to command the 50th Tactical Airlift Squadron, 314th Tactical Airlift Wing, at Little Rock Air Force Base, Ark. While there he also served as the wing’s assistant deputy commander for operations.


Upon graduation from the Air War College in June 1976, he was assigned to Pope Air Force base, N.C., as the 317th Tactical Airlift Wing’s assistant deputy commander for operations. He was appointed deputy commander for operations in June 1977 and became wing vice commander in June 1978.


From March 1979 to March 1980 General Patterson served as commander of the 463rd Tactical Airlift Wing, Dyess Air Force Base, Texas. He then was named commander of the U.S. Air Force Airlift Center and the 317th Tactical Airlift Wing at Pope. In March 1981 he became assistant chief of staff for plans at Headquarters Military Airlift Command, Scott Air Force Base, Ill. In March 1982 he became vice commander of Military Airlift Command’s 21st Air Force at McGuire Air Force Base, N.J., and in July 1984 was named commander. From October 1984 to September 1985 he served at Ramstein Air Base, West Germany, as commander, 322nd Airlift Division, Military Airlift Command, and deputy chief of staff, airlift forces, United States Air Forces in Europe. He assumed his present command in September 1985.


In April 1987 the general also assumed command of the newly established Air Force Special Operations Command, the Air Force component command of the U.S. Special Operations Command at MacDill Air Force Base. For the first time, continental United States-based special operations forces of the Army, Navy and Air Force are united under one joint commander.


A command pilot with more than 9,000 flying hours, General Patterson has flown 293 combat hours. His military decorations and awards include the Defense Superior Service Medal, Legion of Merit, Distinguished Flying Cross, Bronze Star Medal, Defense Meritorious Service Medal, Meritorious Service Medal with one oak leaf cluster, Air Medal with three oak leaf clusters, Joint Service Commendation Medal, Humanitarian Service Medal and Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross with Palm. The Military Airlift Command security police presented General Patterson the Order of the Bayonet in January 1988 for his significant contributions to security and the ground defense of air bases.


He was promoted to major general September 1st, 1984, with date of rank March 1st, 1981.


General Patterson is married to the former Sandra Beck Mann of Chapel Hill. They have three children: Robert, Michael and Kristin.




Hon. Richard Perle


Richard Perle was the chairman of a Council on Foreign Relations study group on non-lethal options in overseas contingencies. The Council's report was published in the sping of 1995. Mr. Perle is called upon frequently to advise memeber of Congress and to testify at congressional policy hearings. He writes frequently for the op-ed pages of the New York Times, Washington Post, Wall Street Journal, Evening Standard (London), Times Literary Suplement, Jerusalem Post, and other publications. He appears frequently on radio and television in the U.S. and abroad commenting on matters of security and foreign policy and is the author of Hard Line, a political novel.


Perle is currently a Consultant to the Secretary of Defense and Consultant to several U.S. and multinational companies. From 1981 to 1987 he held the position of Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Policy, among other U.S. Government inter-agency groups.




Steven L. Pomerantz


Mr. Pomerantz is currently employed as the Executive Director of the Center For Criminal Justice Technology at Mitretek Systems, a non profit, public interest science and technology company located in McLean, Virginia. He also serves as Vice President of the Institute For The Study of Terrorism and Political Violence, a non profit international organization located in Washington, D.C.


Mr. Pomerantz served three separate tours of duty at FBI Headquarters. Included among those assignments was service as a supervisor and Unit Chief in the Organized Crime Section in the Criminal Investigative Division. He later served as Chief of the Counter-Terrorism Section. In that capacity, Mr. Pomerantz had responsibility for supervision of all FBI counter-terrorism investigations both domestically and abroad. He was also involved extensively in law enforcement and intelligence service liaison as part of the worldwide effort to combat terrorism.


Mr. Pomerantz retired from the FBI in June 1995 after a career spanning twenty-seven years. During that time period he rose from a field investigative Special Agent to the rank of Assistant Director, the third highest position in the FBI. Mr. Pomerantz served as a Special Agent in the Mobile, Alabama and Detroit, Michigan field offices between 1968 and 1976. In the Detroit office he was principally involved in the investigation or organized crime cases and was promoted to the position of field supervisor having successive responsibility for a portion of that offices’ organized crime and counter-terrorism investigative programs. Other field assignments included service as Assistant Special Agent in charge of the Northern Virginia Field Office and Special Agent in charge of the Seattle Field Office, having responsibility for all FBI operations in the state of Washington.


In October of 1990, Mr. Pomerantz was appointed Deputy Assistant Director in the Administrative Services Division at FBI Headquarters. He was subsequently named Assistant Director in charge of that Division. In that capacity, he had responsibility for all personnel and financial matters within the FBI. In November of 1993, Mr. Pomerantz became Assistant Director in charge of the Criminal Justice Information Services (CJIS) Division, the largest single organizational entity in the FBI. The CJIS Division provides technical and criminal justice information services to virtually every criminal justice agency in the United States as well as having extensive dealings abroad.


Mr. Pomerantz has represented the FBI and the law enforcement community on numerous occasions in a variety of settings both domestically and internationally. He is expert in the area of terrorism as well as criminal justice information and technical matters. He has testified before Congress on both issues and is regularly called upon by the media to comment on issues involving terrorism, law enforcement in general and the FBI in particular.


Mr. Pomerantz was the recipient of numerous awards and commendations during his career. In 1991 the President of the United States recognized him as a Meritorious Executive in the Senior Executive Service.


Mr. Pomerantz holds a Bachelor of Arts degree from New York University and attended post graduate school at the University of Southern California and Detroit University. Prior to entering the FBI he served five years in the United States Air Force, attaining the rank of Captain. Mr. Pomerantz resides in the Northern Virginia area. He is married and has three children.




Lt. Gen. John Pustay, USAF (Ret.)




Ambassador Peter R. Rosenblatt


Ambassador Rosenblatt is retired from service in the Federal government. After serving as the Ambassador and President Carter’s personal representative to the Negotiations on the Future Political Status of Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands from 1977 through 1981, he opened an international law practice.


Mr. Rosenblatt has also served as on President Johnson’s White House Staff coordinating non- military activities in Vietnam. He was also the Judicial Officer and Chairman of the Board of Contract Appeals for the United States Post Office Department from 1968-1969. Mr. Rosenblatt also served as the Assistant Distract Attorney of New York County.


Ambassador Rosenblatt has served and currently serves on the Board of several organizations. He was the founding member and board member of the Committee on the Present Danger from 1976 — 1993; the Coalition for a Democratic Majority from 1972-1993; the National Jewish Democratic Council from 1991- 1995; and The Nixon Center from 1994 to present. Currently, Mr. Rosenblatt serves on the Board of Advisors for the Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs, the Board of the Council on Foreign Relations, the National Board of Governors for the American Jewish Committee, the U.S. National Committee for Pacific Economic Cooperation, the Board of Governors for Haifa University in Israel, and on the Advisory Committee for the Search for Common Ground in the Middle East.


Mr. Rosenblatt also has an extensive law career beginning in 1958 working at the law office of Milton Pollack, who is now a senior U.S. District Judge. He has also worked at Stroock & Stroock & Lavan, EDP Technology, Inc., MediSense, Inc., and currently is involved with the Fund for Democracy and Development, which he founding and is president of since 1992.


Ambassador Rosenblatt is the founding partner of Heller & Rosenblatt, Washington, D.C., which specializes in International practice. He was educated at Yale University receiving a B.A. in European Diplomatic History and a L.L.B. He also did a fellowship at Tel Aviv University in Israel. He also served as a Second Lieutenant in the United States Army.


Ambassador Rosenblatt is married to Naomi H. Harris and has three children Therese, Daniel, and David.




Prof. Eugene Rostow


After a year's law practice in New York, Dr. Rostow joined the Yale faculty in 1938, and has been a member ever since, with periods of leave for public service and as visiting professor in Cambridge (1959-60), Oxford (1970-71), and the University of Chicago (1941). Dr. Rostow became became Professor Emeritus and Senior Research Scholar at Yale in 1984. He was Dean of the Yale Law School between 1955 and 1965; Assistant to Dean Acheson when he was Assistant Secretary of State, 1942-44; Assistant to the Executive Secretary of the Economic Commission for Europe in 1949-50; Undersecretary of State for Political Affairs, 1966-69; Director of the Arms Control and Disarmament agency, 1981-83; Distinguished Research Professor of Law and Diplomacy, National Defense University, Ft. McNair, Washington, D.C. 1984-90; Distinguished Fellow, United States Institute of Peace, 1990-92; Distinguished Research Professor of Law and Diplomacy, N.D.U., and adjunct Fellow, American Enterprise Institute, 1992-.


Dr. Rostow has written a number of books and many articles in scholarly and popular journals. His most recent book, Toward Managed Peace was published in 1993.




Gen. Crosbie Saint, USA (Ret.)


General Crosbie Edgerton Saint was born at West Point, New York, on 29 September 1936. He graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1958 and was commissioned a second lieutenant of Armor. Since that time, General Saint has commanded Armor and Cavalry units from platoon through corps and culminated his career as Commander in Chief, United States Army, Europe and Seventh Army; Commander, Central Army Group, NATO.


General Saint has served extensively with Army units overseas. During his two tours in Vietnam, he served as squadron operations officer; Commander, 1st Squadron, 1st Cavalry; and as Deputy G3 and subsequently as G3 of the Americal Division. General Saint has had five tours in U.S. Army, Europe, serving in a variety of positions, starting as a platoon leader (His first platoon sergeant was Sergeant First Class Bishop) and twice as a troop commander on the German inter zonal border. General Saint has served in several command and staff positions from squadron staff, aide-de-camp to the deputy V Corps commander to chief, exercise division in the Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff, Operations, Headquarters, United States Army Europe; Commander, 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment, Commander, Seventh Army Training Command; Commander, 1st Armored Division; and Commander in Chief, U.S. Army, Europe, and Seventh Army.


General Saint's assignments in the United States also cover a broad range of command and staff positions, to include; Personnel Officer, Armor Branch; Weapons Instructor, Fort Benning; Aide to the Commanding General of Fort Knox and the Armor Center; Joint Secretariat, Organization of the Joint Chiefs of Staff; Director, Executive Services and White House Liaison Officer, Office Chief of Staff, Army; Executive Officer to the Chief of Staff, U.S. Army; and Deputy Commandant of the United States Army Command and General Staff college, Fort Leavenworth. In his most recent tour in the United States, General Saint commanded III Corps and Fort Hood, Texas, for 3 years.


General Saint's military and civilian education includes graduation from the Armed Forces Staff College and the Army War College. He was awarded a Bachelor of Science degree in Engineering from the U.S. Military Academy in 1958 and holds a Master of Arts degree in International Relations from American University.


On June 24, 1988, General Saint assumed command of United States Army, Europe, and Central Army Group (NATO) until his retirement from active service.


On September 1, 1992, General Saint retired.


On 1 October 1992, GEN (Ret.) Saint established a private consulting organization specializing in foreign relations; national security issues; strategic planning and Eastern Europe/former Warsaw Pact country transition to democracy; command and control, and simulations.


He currently serves on the Army Science Board; Vice President, Europe for MPRI, and recently completed serving as Chairman, for the Vice President's National Performance Review on Intelligence Support to the Ground Forces.


GEN (Ret.) Saint has traveled extensively and met with military and civilian leadership in Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Ukraine, Croatia, Bosnia, Saudi Arabia, Slovenia and Romania.




Prof. David Sidorsky


Professor of Philosophy at Columbia University.


David Sidorsky's primary interest has been moral/political philosophy. In ethical theory, he has published defenses of ethical naturalism and moral objectivity. In political philosophy, he has written linguistic analyses of major concepts like rights, equality, liberty, and justice. His most recently published article was "Value Neutrality and Ideological Commitment in Political Philosophy." His other areas of interest include the history of 20th century philosophy and contemporary literary theory. On 20th century philosophy, he has published interpretive essays on John Dewey, on pragmatism, on pluralism, and on aspects of Logical Positivism. Among his writings in literary theory is "Modernism and the Emancipation of Literature from Morality." Concurrent with these interests he serves on the editorial board of Social Philosophy and Policy, has been Vice President of the American Society for Political and Legal Philosophy and Chairman of the Columbia University Seminar on Modernism and Postmodernism.




M. Gen. Sidney Shachnow, USA (Ret.)


Retired in 1994, after 40 years of active service. Born in Kaunas, Lithuania, he was imprisoned for three years during World War II in a German concentration camp. In 1950, he immigrated to the United States. He enlisted in the U.S. Army and later entered Officer Candidate School as a Sergeant First Class. In 1960, Gen. Shachnow was commissioned in the Infantry.


His past assignments have been as commander or staff officer with Infantry, Mechanized Infantry, Airmobile, Airborne and Special Forces units. Gen. Shachnow's most recent assignments include: Commanding General, John F. Kennedy Special Warfare Center and School, Airborne, Fort Bragg; Commanding General, United States Army Special Forces Command, Airborne, Fort Bragg; Commanding General, U.S. Army-Berlin; Director, Washington Office, United States Special Operations Command, Airborne; Deputy Commanding General, 1st Special Operations of Command, Airborne, Fort Bragg; and Chief of Staff, 1st Special Operations Command, Airborne, Fort Bragg.


Gen. Shachnow is the recipient of the Distinguished Service Medal with Oak Leaf Cluster, the Silver Star with Oak Leaf Clusters, the Defense Superior Service Medal, the Legion of Merit, the Bronze Star with Oak Leaf Clusters and "V" device, the Purple Heart with Oak Leaf Cluster, the Meritorious Service Medal with two Oak Leaf clusters, the Air Medal with the numeral "12", the Army Commendation Medal with two Oak Leaf clusters and "V" device, the Combat Infantryman Badge, the Master Parachutist Badge, the Ranger Tab, and the Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross.




R. Adm. Sumner Shapiro, USN (Ret.)


Rear Admiral Summer Shapiro, one of the nations' most experienced and able intelligence professionals, is also a recognized authority in the field of National Security. He gained this reputation during a distinguished Navy career in which he occupied a succession of demanding, high- visibility Government positions, culminating in an unprecedented four year term as the Director of Naval Intelligence. This has been capped by a similarly successful career in Industry as a senior executive and advisor on management and technical issues. Rear Admiral Shapiro is regularly consulted on Defense, Energy and Intelligence matters by senior Government offices and Industry executives, and he serves on a number of prestigious Government Industry advisory boards. His professional bonafides are well-established in the international arena as well, and he has had extensive dealings with foreign Government and Industry leaders, both in Washington and abroad.


A native of Nashua, New Hampshire, and a 1949 graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy, Rear Admiral Shapiro began his commissioned service as a Surface Warfare Officer, serving in both the Atlantic and Pacific Fleets. he served at sea off Korea in the 1950's and was on the staff of Commander Naval Forces Far East in Japan at the time of his selection as an Intelligence Specialist Officer in 1956. Duty assignments followed in the Office of Naval Intelligence, at Naval Security Group Headquarters, as Assistant Naval Attache in Moscow from 1963 to 1965, and as Deputy Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence, U.S. Naval Forces Europe, in London, from 1967 to 1969. From 1969 to 1972, he was Commanding Officer of NIPSSA, the Navy's intelligence automation and special communications organization.


From 1972 to 1976, Rear Admiral Shapiro was the senior intelligence officer for both the U.S. Atlantic Command and the U.S. Atlantic Fleet. He was selected for Flag rank while serving in this dual assignment, and in the summer of 1976, he returned to Washington to become Deputy Director of Naval Intelligence and Deputy Commander, Naval Intelligence Command. The following year, he assumed command of the Naval Intelligence Command. On August 25, 1978, Rear Admiral Shapiro became the fifty-first Director of Naval Intelligence.


In his capacity as DNI from 1976 to 1978, Rear Admiral Shapiro was directly responsible to the Secretary of the Navy and the Chief of Naval Operations for all Intelligence and Security policy, planning, programming and day-to-day operations throughout the Navy. The Naval Intelligence Command, Naval Security Group Command, and the Naval Investigative Service - over 20,000 military and civilian personnel worldwide - were under his management control.


As the Navy's Senior Intelligence Official during the period overlapping the Carter and Reagan administrations, as as the Navy spokesman in all intelligence matters at the national and international level, Rear Admiral Shapiro played a key role at a critical juncture in the U.S. history. He was personally involved in developing and articulating the global threat to national security, and in formulating national intelligence policy and the U.S. maritime strategy. His contributions were recognized by both the Secretary of the Navy and the Director of Central Intelligence, who awarded him the highest decorations granted by their respective organizations in peacetime.


On his retirement from active naval service in September 1982, Rear Admiral Shapiro embarked on a career in industry, as the Vice President for Advanced Planning at BDM International, Inc., one of the nation's leading professional services firms with corporate headquarters in McLean, Virginia, and offices throughout the U.S. and overseas. He left BDM in July 1989 to form his own professional service company, The Sumner Group, Inc., which performs technical analysis and provides business and management counsel and assistance in the National Security arena constituency of Government and Industry clients.


In addition to the U.S. Naval Academy, Rear Admiral Shapiro is a graduate of the Naval War College and the U.S. Army Institute for Advanced Soviet and Eastern Studies. He also holds a Master's Degree in International Affairs from The George Washington University. A Russian linguist and recognized authority on the Former Soviet Union, he has written and lectured extensively on the U.S.S.R. and the Soviet Navy. He has lived abroad in Japan, Germany, England and the Former Soviet Union, and he has traveled extensively in Europe, Asia, South America and the Middle East. He is on advisory panels for the Director of Central Intelligence, Office of Naval Intelligence, Center for Naval Analyses, Department of Energy, and the Los Alamos, Lawrence Livermore and Sandia National Laboratories. Rear Admiral Shapiro is also active in a number of professional organizations, serving on the boards of the Naval Intelligence Professionals and the Naval Submarine League, and as Chairman and President of the Naval Intelligence Foundation. He is a regular participant in a variety of symposia and war games, and he is frequently called on to address government, industry and civic groups on national security and related issues.


Rear Admiral Shapiro's U.S. decorations include the Navy Distinguished Service Medal, National Intelligence Distinguished Service Medal, Legion of Merit and Navy Commendation Medal. In addition to his U.S. decorations, Rear Admiral Shapiro is a Commander in the Royal Netherlands Order of Orange-Nassau with Swords, a Commander in the Brazilian Naval Order of Merit, and an Officer in the French National Order of Merit.


In 1988, Rear Admiral Shapiro was inducted into the U.S. Attache Hall of Fame, joining a select group of senior military officers, going back more than 100 years, who distinguished themselves as Military or Naval Attaches and went on to make significant contributions to the nation in positions of great responsibility. Other honorees include such notables as General of the Armies John "Black Jack" Pershing and Fleet Admiral William "Bull" Halsey.




Lt. Gen. Ted Stroup, USA (Ret.)


Served as Vice President, Education, and Managing Director of the Institute of Land Warfare at the Association of the United States since January 1997. General Stroup's final command, prior to retirement, was as the Army's Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel.


As a combat engineer, General Stroup commanded at all levels through battalion. He served in Vietnam from January 1966 to April 1967 as a construction engineer in the U.S. Army Support and Command, Vietnam; aide-de-camp to the commanding general of the 1st Logistics Command; and Commander of Company C, 864th Engineer Battalion (Construction). He also commanded the 293rd Engineer Battalion (Combat Heavy) in Germany.


He has also held positions as Assistant Director, Civil Works within the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers; Commander of the U.S. Army Engineer District at Fort Worth, Texas; Executive to the Army Vice Chief of Staff; and as Deputy Director of the Headquarters Reorganization Study, Army Reorganization Commission, under the Office of the Secretary of the Army.


Other assignments include Deputy Chief of Staff for Resource Management, U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command, and as Director for Military Personnel Management in the Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel. He was also Director for Program Analysis and Evaluation in the Office of the Chief of Staff.


General Stroup has been decorated with the Distinguished Service Medal, the Legion of Merit (with 2 Oak Leaf Clusters), the Bronze Star Medal (with Oak Leaf Cluster), the Purple Heart, the Meritorious Service Medal (with 2 Oak Leaf Clusters), and Army Commendation Medal.




Gen. Lawrence A. Skantze, USAF (Ret.)


General Skantze is currently acting as an Independent Consultant to the aerospace industry. Before retirement from his military career he had served as Commander, Air Force Systems Command (1984-1987), Vice Chief of Staff, U.S. Air Force (1983-1984) and Commander, USAF Aeronautical Systems Product Division (1979- 1982).




Honorable Stephen Solarz


Stephen Solarz was appointed in 1994 by President Clinton as Chairman of the Central Asian-American Enterprise Fund. This newly established fund was created to appropriate $150 million in funding to promote investment in the countries of the former Soviet Union.


Mr. Solarz served first in the New York State Assembly and later in the United States House of Representatives from 1974 to 1992. In the House, Mr. Solarz served on several committees relating to foreign affairs, including the Joint Economic Committee and the Foreign Affairs Committee, where he was chairman of the Subcommittee on Asian and Pacific Affairs. The Wall Street Journal commented on the work of Solarz on the Foreign Affairs Committee as follows: "He has demonstrated that, by combining legislative cunning and sheer determination, a lawmaker can leave his imprint on foreign policy." In Congress, Mr. Solarz was a leading spokesman for global democracy and human rights and throughout his years in office, he was widely recognized as a staunch advocate for India.


Since leaving Congress in 1992, Mr. Solarz has been a visiting professor at George Washington University. Along with his work at the Central Asian-American Enterprise Fund, he acts as a consultant at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and as a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.




Major General Larry Taylor, USMCR*


Major General Larry Taylor was recalled to active duty and became Commanding General Marine Corps Reserve Support Command, Kansas City, Missouri on 26 November 2001.


General Taylor was born March 28, 1941, in New York City. He attended the Atlanta, Georgia, public schools and graduated from Georgia Tech in 1962 with a Bachelor of Science degree in Industrial Management.


After designation as a Naval Aviator, he served as a squadron pilot with Marine Medium Helicopter Squadrons 264 and 263 in 1964 and 1965. During this period he participated in operations in Santo Domingo during the Dominican Republic crisis.


In late 1965, he transferred to the 3d Battalion, 8th Marines as Forward Air Controller/Air Liaison Officer. He completed his initial active duty in December 1966 while serving as Platoon Commander, Air/Naval Gunfire Platoon, 2d Marine Division.


For all of 1967 and most of 1968, General Taylor served in Laos and Vietnam as a pilot for Air America, flying the H-34.


Returning to the U.S. in late 1968, he began his Marine Corps reserve career flying the H- 34, the UH-1 "Huey", and the AH-1 "Cobra". He served in a variety of billets at the squadron, wing, and division levels and was privileged to command the following units:


• Marine Attack Helicopter Squadron 773 (1980-82)


• 4th Air/Naval Gunfire Liaison Company (ANGLICO) (1982-1984)


• 2d Marine Expeditionary Brigade (1992-93)


• 4th Marine Aircraft Wing (1993-96)


General Taylor then served in Central and South America as Deputy Commander, Marine Forces South, based in Panama. He retired from the United States Marine Corps Reserve on 1 October 1997, after 38 years of service - 5 years active and 33 years reserve.


General Taylor is active with the Reserve Officers Association of the United States, the USO Council of Georgia, Business Executives for National Security, the Society for American Baseball Research, and is chairman of the Marine Corps Coordinating Council of Greater Atlanta. In civilian life, he retired in March 2001 as a 747-400 Captain with Northwest Airlines.


The grandson of Russian Jewish immigrants to America, General Taylor regards his highest honor is to hold the title of United States Marine.


*on leave in government service




Kenneth Timmerman


An investigative Journalist with more than twelve years experience in the Middle East, Kenneth R. Timmerman has published three books and numerous monographs that have earned him an international reputation as one of the leading analysts on unconventional weapons proliferation, technology transfer, and the export control system. Mr. Timmerman has conducted investigations on Middle Eastern security issues for TIME magazine, ABC News, L'Express, Newsweek, and the Wall Street Journal since 1985. His work has been syndicated worldwide in more than a half-dozen languages by the New York Times Syndication service. From 1987-1993 he published Middle East Defense News (MEDNEWS) from Paris, and moved to Washington in 1993 to join the professional staff of the House Foreign Affairs Committee of the U.S. Congress. Mr. Timmerman has made numerous appearances on national television, including ABC "Nightline," CBS "Sixty Minutes," PBS "Frontline," and has frequently been interviewed on European and Middle Eastern radio and television networks. Since January 1994 he has directed the Middle East Data Project, Inc., an independent consulting group which publishes The Iran Brief. Kenneth Timmerman is currently a contributing editor to Reader's Digest.




Jacques Torczyner


Jacques Torczyner, born in Antwerp, Belgium, came to the United States in 1940 escaping Belgium after teh Nazi invasion. He became a member of the Zionist Organization of America. In July 1945 he joined 18 Jewish leaders at a special meeting called by David Ben Gurion inititating the movement of the Friends of the Haganah whcih organized support for the Jewish defense forces in Palestine.


He joined the campaign for the creation of the Jewish State led by Dr. Abba Hillel Silver and assumed top leadership when Dr. Silver became the President of Z.O.A. After the founding of the State of Israel, he served as a memeber of the RIfkind Committee and various Special Committees of the Jewish Agency charged with the task of evaluating the future of the Zionist movement. Mr. Torczyner served five consecutive terms as president of the Zionist Organization of America.


From 1974 to 1977 he was Chairman of the American section of the World Jewish Congress. From 1972 till 1998 he was member of the Executive of the World Zionist organization in charge of its Foreign Relations Department and the Herzl Institute, the only Adult education Institute of the World Zionist Movement.


Appointed a member of the American UNESCO Committee, he served on the Holderman Committee that decided that the U.S.A. would leave Unesco. Mr. Torczyner served on the American Team of Observers at Unesco. In 1992 he was appointed a Special Adviser to the Director General of Unesco, Mr. Federico Mayor.


Mr. Torczyner has widely lectured all over the world and written many articles on subjects concerning issues faced by the State of Israel and World Jewry.




Adm. Carlisle Trost, USN (Ret.)


Admiral Trost retired from active duty in the U.S. Navy on 1 July, 1990, following completion of a four-year tour as the Navy's 23rd Chief of Naval Operations on a member of The Joint Chiefs of Staff. He is a 1953 graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy and previously attended Washington University in St. Luis.


During his 37 years of commissioned services in the Navy, Admiral Trost served at sea in destroyers and submarines, including tours as Executive Officer of two nuclear-powered submarines and Commander of Submarine Flotilla One and Submarine Group Five. Subsequent operational assignments included Deputy Commander, U.S. Pacific Fleet; Commander, Seventh Fleet; Commander in Chief, U.S. Atlantic Fleet and Deputy Commander, U.S. Atlantic Command.


In "retired life", Admiral Trost has served as a member of the Board of Directors of Lockheed Martin Corp, General Dynamics Corp, GPU Inc. and GPU Nuclear and Precision Components Corp. He is Chairman of the Board of Bird Johnson Co. and serves on several advisory boards and non-profit group boards of trustees.




Col. Bruce Williams, USA (Ret.)


Previous to Colonel Williams' consulting career he served the Army in the capacity of Commandant of the Defense Intelligence College in Washington (1980-81), Army Attache and Defense and Army Attache to Israel (1975-1980), Armor Representative in the DoD Weapons Systems Evaluation Group of the Office of the Secretary of Defense (1973), and In-Country Team Chief, US DoD Tri-Service Weapons Systems Evaluation Group in Israel following the 1973 Middle East War (1973-74). Also, Col. Williams has commanded 2 infantry battalions in Vietnam, troop assignments in the U.S., Europe, and Korea and has completed attache assignments in several African nations.




Hon. R. James Woolsey


R. James Woolsey is a partner at the law firm of Shea & Gardner in Washington, D.C. He returned to the firm in January 1995 after serving for two years as Director of Central Intelligence. He has practiced at the firm for seventeen years, on four occasions, since 1973.


Mr. Woolsey's law practice has been in the fields of civil litigation, alternative dispute resolution, and corporate transactions; increasingly his practice has been international. He has served recently as counsel for major American and overseas corporations in both commercial arbitrations and the negotiation of joint ventures and other agreements. He serves regularly as a neutral (both as an arbitrator and a mediator) in commercial disputes between major companies.


Mr. Woolsey has been a member of the Boards of Directors of several corporations, including: USF&G, 1995-present; Sun HealthCare Group, Inc., 1995-present; Yurie Systems, Inc., 1996- present; Martin Marietta, 1991-1993l British Aerospace, Inc., 1992-1993; Fairchild Industries, 1984-1989; Titan Corporation, 1983-1989; DynCorp. 1988-1989.


Besides serving as Director of Central Intelligence, Mr. Woolsey has served in the U.S. government as: Ambassador to the Negotiation on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE), Vienna 1989-1991; Under Secretary of the Navy, 1977-1979; General Counsel to the U.S. Senate Committee on Armed Services, 1970-1973.


Mr. Woolsey has been a Director or Trustee of numerous civic organizations: The Smithsonian Institution (Chairman, Board or Regents' Executive Committee), 1989-1993; The Center for Strategic & International Studies, 1991-93, 1995-present; The Goldwater Scholarship Foundation, 1988-90; The Aerospace Corporation, 1982-89.