American Enterprise Institute




US Foreign Policy:                 Jeane J. Kirkpatrick, Richard N. Perle, Michael A. Ledeen, Joshua Muravchik


US Defense Policy:                Jeane J. Kirkpatrick, Richard N. Perle


International Relations:        Jeane J. Kirkpatrick, Michael A. Ledeen, Joshua Muravchik


Middle East and Africa:        Jeane Kirkpatrick, Michael A. Ledeen, Richard N. Perle


More research fellows at:


I have just highlighted the above four because of their great influence, especially Perle.


Richard Perle


Resident Fellow, American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, Washington, DC, 1987 - present


At AEI, Mr. Perle conducts a seminar for news executives, bureau chiefs and editorial writers. He also leads a monthly study group of former senior government officials to monitor and comment on current administration security and foreign policy. Mr. Perle is director of AEI's Commission on Future defenses, project which is exploring the idea that a radical restructuring of American military forces is essential to ensure an effective future defense establishment. He was a chairman of a Council on Foreign Relations study group on non-lethal options in overseas contingencies. The Council's report was published in the spring of 1995. Mr. Perle is called upon frequently to advise members of Congress and to testify at congressional policy hearings. He writes frequently for the op-ed pages of the New York Times, Washington Post, Wall Street Journal, Evening Standard (London), Times Literary Supplement, Jerusalem Post, and other publications. He appears frequently on radio and television in the U.S. and abroad commenting on matters of security and foreign policy and is the author of Hard Line, a political novel.


Consultant to the Secretary of Defense


Consultant to several U.S. and multinational companies


United States Department of Defense, Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Policy, 1981 - 1987


At his office at the Pentagon, Secretary Perle had responsibility for theater and strategic nuclear weapons policy, trade and technology exports, European and North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) policy, and negotiations between the United States and its western allies and the Soviet Union.


He served as chairman of a number of U.S. Government inter-agency groups including those concerning arms control, the Strategic Defense Initiative, nuclear testing, chemical weapons, and conventional forces. He was a member of a Senior Arms Control Group, the administration's steering group for arms control policy.


United States Senate Staff, 1969-1980

The Office of Henry M. (Scoop) Jackson

Senate Committee on Government Operations

Committee on Armed Services, Arms Control Subcommittee


While on the Senate Staff, Mr. Perle prepared hearings and publications, drafted legislation and Senate reports, managed legislative strategy and coordinated and wrote speeches for a number of senators. He drafted the Jackson-Vannik Amendment which conditioned trade concessions for the Soviet Union on a liberalization of emigration. He organized the hearings and overall strategy on the SALT I and SALT II treaties in support of senators who opposed, or sought to modify, those agreements.


Before joining the Senate Staff, Mr. Perle served as a consultant to a number of U.S. and overseas companies.



University of Southern California, B.A. International Relations, 1964

Princeton University, M.A. Politics, 1967

London School of Economics, Honors Examinations, 1962-1963


Princeton University

Ford Foundation

Overseas Research Council

American council of Learned Societies

American-Scandinavian Society


Mr. Perle has lectured at many colleges and universities including Harvard, Columbia, Princeton, the University of Chicago, the University of California, Georgetown,  Amherst, Dartmouth, Tulane, Rice, Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Oxford University.


Mr. Perle also presently serves as Chairman of the Defense Policy Board, Department of Defense, Chairman and CEO of Hollinger Digital, and Director of The Jerusalem Post.




Jeane J. Kirkpatrick


Dr. Kirkpatrick, senior fellow at AEI and the Leavey University Professor at Georgetown University, served for over four years as U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations and, concurrently, as a member of the cabinet. She is the author of seven books including The Withering Away of the Totalitarian State (1991), Legitimacy and Force (1988), Dictatorships and Double Standards (1982), and The Reagan Phenomenon (1983). She has also written several monographs and numerous articles on American political issues and foreign policy and is currently working on a book on the United Nations. For over a decade she wrote a weekly syndicated column. In May 1985, Dr. Kirkpatrick was awarded the Medal of Freedom by President Reagan. Dr. Kirkpatrick holds M.A. and Ph.D. degrees from Columbia University and also studied at the Institut de Science Politique at the University of Paris.







Michael A. Ledeen


Michael A. Ledeen is the Resident Scholar in the Freedom Chair at the American Enterprise Institute. From 1981 to 1986, Ledeen served as a special advisor and consultant to top policy officials in the Reagan Administration, including to the Secretary of State, to the National Security Advisor to the President and to the Office of the Secretary of Defense.


He has spent many years researching and speaking on leadership and the use of power, with books, such as Machiavelli on Modern Leadership (1999), and  Freedom Betrayed: How America Led a Global Democratic Revolution, Won the Cold War, and Walked Away (1996). His work has led to appearances on the PBS NewsHour, CNN Larry King Live and Newsmaker. Ledeen has published numerous articles in publications such as the Wall Street Journal, Washington Times, National Review, American Spectator, International Economy, and Commentary.


Mr. Ledeen received his B.A. from Pomona College in Claremont, California. He received his M.S. and PhD in History and Philosophy from the University of Wisconsin.


·        Vice Chairman, U.S.-China Commission, 2001-

·        Consultant, national security adviser to the president, 1982-1986

·        Consultant, under secretary of political affairs, U.S. State Department, 1982-1986

·        Consultant, Office of the Secretary of Defense, 1982-1986

·        Special adviser to the Secretary of State, 1981-1982




Joshua Muravchik, Ph.D.


·        Adjunct professor, Institute of World Politics, 1992-present

·        Member, Maryland State Advisory Committee of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, 1985-1997

·        Member, Commission on Broadcasting to the People's Republic of China, 1992

·        Adjunct scholar, Washington Institute on Near East Policy, 1986-present

·        Executive director, Coalition for a Democratic Majority, 1977-1979

·        Editorial board member, World Affairs, Journal of Democracy, and Orbis


Member of the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR)!1138





Board of Trustees




Edward B. Rust, Jr.


Chairman and CEO, State Farm Insurance Companies


Edward B. Rust Jr. is Chairman of the Board and CEO of State Farm Insurance Companies, Bloomington, Ill.  He is also president and chief executive officer of State Farm Fire and Casualty, State Farm Life, State  Farm Life and Accident Assurance, State Farm Annuity and Life Insurance, State Farm County Mutual of Texas, State Farm Lloyds, Inc., State Farm Companies Foundation, State Farm Investment Management Corp. and State Farm International Services.


A native of Illinois, Rust joined State Farm in 1975 at the Dallas, Texas, regional office. He moved to the corporate law department in 1976 as an attorney, became senior attorney –agency later that year and was named assistant vice president in 1978. He was elected vice president in 1981. He was elected executive vice president, chief operating officer and a director in 1983. He became president and chief executive officer in 1985 and was elected to the additional post of chairman of the board in 1987.


A graduate of Illinois Wesleyan University in Bloomington, Rust holds both juris doctor and master of business degrees from Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas. Rust is chairman of the American Enterprise Institute, chairman of the Illinois Business Roundtable and vice chairman of the Financial Services Roundtable.


He serves on the board of directors of BITS, the Technology Group for the Financial Services Roundtable; Helmerich and Payne, Inc., Tulsa, Okla.; and McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., New York.


Nationally recognized as a leader of the business community’s efforts to improve the quality of education in the United States, he is co-chairman of the Business Coalition for Excellence in Education and served on President Bush’s Transition Advisory Team committee on education. He is chairman of The Business Roundtable’s Education Task Force, vice chairman of the Business Higher Education Forum, co-chairman of the Committee for Economic Development’s subcommittee on education studies, a director of Achieve, Inc., and served on the National (Glenn) Commission on Mathematics and Science Teaching for the 21st Century.


He is past chairman of the National Alliance of Business, past chairman of the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety and serves on the board of directors of the American Council of Life Insurance.


He is a trustee of Illinois Wesleyan University and a member of the Business Advisory Council of the University of Illinois College of Commerce and Business Administration. He is a former member of the advisory council of the Stanford University Graduate School of Business.


He is a former trustee of The American Institute for Property and Liability Underwriters and a former member of the board of overseers of The Institute for Civil Justice. Rust is a member of the Texas and Illinois bar associations.


In addition, Rust is active in his community. He is a former member of the board of the McLean County United Way and the YMCA of McLean County.




Vice Chairman

Bruce Kovner


Chairman, Caxton Associates, LLC


Kovner, Bruce , 56

Net Worth: $1 bil  -

Home State: New York

Marital Status: divorced , 3 children

Harvard University, Bachelor of Arts / Science


Not just any harpsichord-playing, ex-New York City cabbie can raise enough money to start a hedge fund. Fewer still could see their fund perform better than Kovner's Caxton Corp. Also has invested in the New York Sun, a Conrad Black-led venture slated to launch this spring.


Dodgy dealings:


(The June 9, 1995 Wall Street Journal quoted an SEC complaint against Sun backer Bruce Kovner as saying Kovner had "altered and destroyed" subpoenaed evidence.)




Chairman of the Board of Trustees of The Juilliard School


Bruce Kovner is founder and Chairman of Caxton Corporation, a trading company, and manager of hedge funds active in currency, interest rate, petroleum, commodity, and equity markets. Formerly, he was Senior Vice President of Commodities Corporation, an international commodities trading firm.


Mr. Kovner was born in New York City and attended public schools in New York and Los Angeles. He received his Bachelor of Arts degree from Harvard College in 1966 and continued his studies at the John F. Kennedy School of Government until 1970.


From 1970 to 1976, Mr. Kovner did consulting work for the United States Congress, the National Science Foundation, the Council of Environmental Advisors for the State of New York, and the Fels Center of Government at the University of Pennsylvania, where he lectured on city politics and public policy problems. During this time he published articles in Public Interest, Commentary, and New York on public policy, music, and other subjects. In 1977 he joined Commodities Corporation in Princeton, New Jersey, as a vice president, leaving in 1983 to form Caxton Corporation.


Mr. Kovner is founder and Chairman of the School Choice Scholarships Foundation, which provides scholarships to low-income students from New York City to attend primary schools of their choice. In addition to Juilliard, he also is a member of the boards of the American Enterprise Institute, the Manhattan Institute, the Philharmonic-Society of New York, and the Thomas B. Fordham Foundation.


Mr. Kovner and his family divide their time between homes in Manhattan and Dutchess County, New York.


According to President Joseph W. Polisi, “Juilliard is extraordinarily fortunate to have Bruce Kovner’s leadership as the School addresses our future challenges. As Chairman of The Campaign for Juilliard, Bruce has been instrumental in developing strategies that directly impact the most important elements of the institution: our students and faculty, and our artistic and educational programs. His vision for the School insures that Juilliard will continue its tradition of excellence into the new millennium.”




Tully M. Friedman


Chairman and CEO, Friedman Fleischer & Lowe LLC


Tully Friedman has over thirty years experience in finance and over fifteen as a private equity investor. Prior to forming Friedman Fleischer & Lowe, he co- founded and served as one of two managing general partners of Hellman & Friedman. From 1984 through early 1997, Hellman & Friedman established private equity partnerships representing more than $2.5 billion, and made substantial investments in 40 companies, including Levi Strauss, Mattel, Young & Rubicam, and Franklin Resources. Previously, he was a Managing Director of Salomon Brothers Inc., where he founded the firm's West Coast Corporate Finance Department and served on the firm's national Corporate Finance Administrative Committee.


He is currently on the Board of Directors of Advanced Career Technologies, Inc., Archimedes Technology Group, Brand Farm, Inc., The Clorox Company, Levi Strauss & Co., Mattel, Inc., and McKessonHBOC, Inc. He is a member of the Executive Committee, a Trustee, and Treasurer of the American Enterprise Institute. Formerly, he was President of the San Francisco Opera Association and Chairman of Mount Zion Hospital and Medical Center. He graduated with an A.B., with great distinction, from Stanford University, and with a J.D. from Harvard Law School.




Gordon M. Binder


Managing  Director, Coastview Capital, LLC

Former Chairman and CEO, Amgen, Inc


Gordon Binder is currently Managing Director of Coastview Capital, LLC. Before joining Coastview Capital, he was Chief Financial Officer and later Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Amgen, Inc. He retired as Chief Executive Officer in May 2000 and as Chairman of the Board in December 2000. Previously, he was employed by the System Development Corporation as Vice President, Finance and Treasurer for ten years. Mr. Binder held various financial management positions at Ford Motor Company in Dearborn, Michigan from 1964 to 1969. With Amgen’s former Vice President of Research, he started a new venture capital firm early in 2001.In addition, Mr. Binder is a former Chairman of the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufactures of America (PhRMA), and former Chairman of the Biotechnology Industry Association (BIO). He serves on the Boards of MIT, Caltech and the American Enterprise Institute. Mr. Binder received his bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering in 1957 from Purdue University and received his master’s of business administration.


He also serves on the board of SRU Biosystems




Joseph A. Cannon


Chairman, Geneva Steel Holdings Corp


Prior to leading the acquisition team in the purchase of Geneva Steel from USX Corporation in 1987, Mr. Cannon was a corporate attorney. From 1981 to 1985, he served as  a high-ranking official in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Mr. Cannon was inducted into the Utah Business Hall of Fame in 1991. He serves on the Board of Trustees of the American Enterprise Institute, the Board of Directors of Empower America, the Board of Directors of Coalitions for America and the Board of Directors of the Deseret News Publishing Company. He is a member of the Salt Lake Olympic Organizing Committee and the Brigham Young University National Advisory Council. Mr. Cannon joined the Eagle Publishing Board in 1995.






Harlan Crow


CEO, Crow Holdings


He is also a trustee of the George HW Bush Foundation


“A Texas millionaire identified himself September 18 as the donor of $150,000 to help finance a Clarence Thomas Wing for Savannah, Georgia’s, historically black Carnegie Library branch. Harlan Crow, a member of the Dallas family that controls the Trammell Crow real-estate firm and a personal friend of U.S. Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas, authorized the Chatham-Effingham-Liberty Regional Library to reveal his name. The library board asked him to do so after local activists filed a request last month under Georgia’s Open Records Act to disclose the names of all anonymous donors to the library system, the Savannah Morning News reported September 19. “





Christopher DeMuth


President, American Enterprise Institute


Managing director, Lexecon Inc., 1984-1986

Administrator, Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, U.S. Office of

    Management and Budget, 1981-1984

Executive director, Presidential Task Force on Regulatory Relief, the White House,


Director, Harvard Faculty Project on Regulation, and lecturer in public policy,

    Kennedy School of Government, 1977-1981

Associate general counsel, Consolidated Rail Corporation, 1976-1977

Attorney, Sidley & Austin, 1973-1976

Staff assistant to the president, the White House, 1969-1970






Morton H. Fleischer


President and CEO, Ranch Communities of America, LLC


Mr. Fleischer previously served as the President, Chief Executive Officer and Director of Franchise Finance Corporation of America I, a Delaware corporation ("FFCA I") (a predecessor corporation of the Company) since its formation in 1980. Mr. Fleischer has acted as an individual general partner (or general partner of the general partner) of the eleven public limited partnerships that were consolidated to form the Company in 1994.In addition, he was a general partner (or general partner of the general partner) in the following public limited partnerships which invested in travel plazas or commercial land development and were liquidated in 1999 and 2000: Participating Income Properties 1986, L.P.; Participating Income Properties II, L.P.; Participating Income Properties III Limited Partnership; and Scottsdale Land Trust Limited Partnership.


“Well known entrepreneur Mort Fleischer has announced the formation of a new company, Ranch Communities of America (RCA), offering a revolutionary new lifestyle concept at an unprecedented value with numerous amenities in a retirement and recreational residential real estate community.

         The dynamic vision for RCA results in a concept that will fill a "product void" for truly affordable living in an environmentally sensitive community focusing on recreation and retirement living for the middle-income market of all ages.

        According to Fleischer, there has never been a community developed like RCA. He believes that today's homebuyers are looking for small town, country-style western living, rich in retirement and recreational amenities with a premium focus on lifestyle.

       "Our concept for building Ranch Communities of America, at the scale and price point for the middle income America buyer, is as revolutionary as when Del Webb introduced the Sun City concept to the retiree market 40 years ago." said Fleischer.”


“Fleischer, who serves as President and CEO of RCA, sees the same potential in RCA that he did with his last venture as CEO and founder of Franchise Finance Corporation of America (FFCA). His success with FFCA has been well documented, taking the company with capitalization of $150,000 and building it into the largest independent chain store single tenant real estate finance company in the United States. FFCA was listed on the New York Stock exchange and was sold to GE Capital in August of 2001 for approximately $2.5 billion. Fleischer believes that FFCA's incredible success is attributed to the fact that it filled a capital void in the financial market that it addressed, and he believes that RCA will enjoy the same success because it will be filling an underserved product void.”



Christopher B. Galvin


Chairman and CEO, Motorola, Inc.


Christopher B. Galvin began working at Motorola in summer jobs in 1967 and joined the company full-time in 1973. For the next decade, he held sales, sales management, marketing management and product management assignments in the Communications Sector, the two-way radio business in that era.


In 1983, he joined Tegal Corp., a wholly owned subsidiary of Motorola and manufacturer of plasma etching and stripping equipment for the semiconductor industry, as vice president, marketing sales and service. A year later he was named vice president and general manager of Tegal's U.S. operations.


He became vice president and director of the Communications Sector's Paging Division in Boynton Beach, Fla. in 1985, general manager of the division in 1986, and a corporate vice president in 1987. He moved to senior vice president and chief corporate staff officer in January, 1988, and became a member of the Policy and Operating Committees of the corporation. In May 1988, he was elected to the Board of Directors of Motorola, Inc. and elevated to an executive vice president in May 1989. In January, 1990, he joined the office of the CEO as senior executive vice president and assistant chief operating officer. He was elected president and chief operating officer in December, 1993, chief executive officer in January, 1997, and chairman of the board in June, 1999.


Galvin received a bachelor's degree from Northwestern University, Evanston, Ill., and a master's degree with distinction from the Kellogg Graduate School of Management at Northwestern. He is a member of the Bechtel Corporations' Board of Counselors, Computer Systems Policy Project (CSPP) Executive Committee, Business Council, American Society of Corporate Executives, the Hong Kong Chief Executive's Council of International Advisors, The Business Roundtable, the U.S./China Business Council, the Beijing Mayor's Advisory Board and the Catalyst Board; a trustee of Northwestern University and the American Enterprise Institute; an advisory board member for the American Society for Engineering Education and the National Underground Railroad Freedom Center; and a director of the Illinois Coalition for Science and Technology.,1071,10,00.htm




Raymond V. Gilmartin


Chairman, President, and CEO, Merck & Co., Inc.


Becton Dickinson and Company
Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer, 1992-1994
President and Chief Executive Officer, 1989-1992
President, 1987-1989
Executive Vice President, 1986-1987
Senior Vice President, 1984-1986
President, Medical Group, 1982-1984
President, Becton Dickinson Division, 1980-1982
Vice President, Corporate Planning, 1976-1980

Arthur D. Little
  Management Consultant, 1968-1976

Eastman Kodak
  Development Engineer, 1963-1966


MBA, Harvard University, 1968
B.S., Electrical Engineering, Union College, 1963
Honorary Degrees: Doctor of Laws, University of the Sciences, 2000; Union College, 1999; Fairleigh Dickinson University, 1998


General Mills, Inc.
Public Service Enterprise Group
Microsoft Corporation


Chairman, Council on Competitiveness
Chairman, Interfaculty Initiative in Health Policy Advisory Board, Harvard University
Chairman, Healthcare Institute of New Jersey
Executive Committee, Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America
Board Member, Alliance for Healthcare Reform
Board Member, The College Fund/UNCF
Trustee, Healthcare Leadership Council
Trustee, Valley Health System, Inc.
Member, Business Council
Member, Business Roundtable

Speech to Council of the Americas on May 6th 2002:





Harvey Golub


Retired Chairman and CEO, American Express Company


Harvey joined American Express in 1984 as President and Chief Executive Officer of IDS Financial Services (now known as American Express Financial Advisors). In 1990, he was named Vice Chairman of American Express and elected a member of the Company's Board of Directors. He was named President of American Express in July 1991 and elected Chief Executive Officer of American Express in January 1993 and Chairman of the Board in August. He retired as CEO in January 2001 and retired from the Board in April 2001. Prior to joining IDS, Harvey was a senior partner with McKinsey & Co., where he worked closely with American Express on strategy and operations management issues. He serves on the Boards of the Campbell Soup Company, Dow Jones & Co., Warnaco and as Chairman of the Board of AirClic and ClientLogic. He also serves on the Boards of Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts, the American Enterprise Institute, the New York and Presbyterian Hospitals Inc. In 1997 and 2000, Business Week named Harvey and Kenneth I. Chenault, President and Chief Operating Officer of American Express Company, among the "Top 25 Managers of the Year." Harvey attended Cornell University from 1956 to 1958, and received a B.S. degree from the New York University in 1961.


He is also the Chairman of TH Lee Putnam Ventures (a $1.1 billion venture capital fund)





Robert F. Greenhill


Chairman, Greenhill & Co., LLC


Bob has been Chairman of Greenhill since January 1996. Prior to becoming Chairman of Greenhill he was Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Smith Barney Inc. and a member of the Board of the predecessor to the present Travelers Corporation, the parent of Smith Barney. Bob was named to these positions in June 1993.


Bob was previously President of Morgan Stanley Group, Inc., from January 1991 to June 1993.


He joined Morgan Stanley in 1962 and became a partner in 1970. In 1972, Bob directed Morgan Stanley's newly formed Mergers and Acquisitions Department. In 1980, Bob was named Director of Morgan Stanley's Investment Banking Division, with responsibility for domestic and international corporate finance, mergers and acquisitions, merchant banking, capital markets services and real estate. Also, in 1980, he became a member of the firm's Management Committee, which was the firm's policy- making group. He became a Vice Chairman of Morgan Stanley Group Inc. in January 1989.


Bob was born in Minneapolis on June 20, 1936. A 1958 graduate of Yale University, he served on active duty in the U.S. Navy in the Pacific until June 1960, with a final rank of Lieutenant Junior Grade (USNR). Upon completion of his tour of duty, Bob entered Harvard Business School, graduating in 1962 with a Master of Business Administration degree and high distinction as a Baker Scholar.


Bob is a member of the Harvard Business School Visiting Committee. Bob is also a trustee of the American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research and a member of the International Advisory Board of the British-American Chamber of Commerce.




Roger Hertog


Vice Chairman, Alliance Capital Management Corporation


Mr. Hertog was elected Director and Vice Chairman of Alliance on October 2, 2000. Prior thereto, he was President and Chief Operating Officer of Sanford C. Bernstein & Co., Inc., which he joined as a research analyst in 1968. Mr. Hertog is currently Chairman of the Manhattan Institute, a leading policy institute specializing in urban issues. He is also a Trustee of the American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research in Washington, D.C. and a Trustee of the New York Public Library. Mr. Hertog is a Director and President of SCB Inc.


He is also Chairman of the Board at the Manhattan Institute


Stated up “The New York Sun” and has an investment in “The New Republic”


Alliance Capital Management and Enron





Martin M. Koffel


Chairman and CEO, URS Corporation


Martin M. Koffel has served as Chief Executive Officer, President and Director of URS Corporation since May 1989 and as Chairman of the Board of URS Corporation since June 1989. Mr. Koffel has served as a Director of McKesson Corporation since 2000 and as a Director of James Hardie Industries N.V. since 2001.






John A. Luke, Jr.


President and CEO, MeadWestvaco Corporation


Mr. Luke, 53, is president and chief executive officer of MeadWestvaco Corporation. Previously, he served as chairman, president and chief executive officer of Westvaco Corporation.


Mr. Luke began his career with Westvaco in 1979. In 1983, he was elected treasurer, and, in 1986, he was elected vice president. Between 1987 and 1989, as a senior vice president, his responsibilities expanded to include the corporate marketing function, the international sales organization and Rigesa, Ltda., Westvaco's Brazilian subsidiary. In 1989, he became a member of the Board of Directors. He was elected executive vice president in 1990, president and chief executive officer in 1992 and chairman in 1996.


Professional Associations


Director, FM Global

Director, The Bank of New York Company, Inc.

Director, The Timken Company

Chairman, CEO Committee on International Trade, AF&PA

Member, Board of Governors, National Council for Air & Stream Improvement, Inc.

Trustee, American Forest Foundation

Trustee, Institute of Paper Science and Technology

Trustee, American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research

Director, National Association of Manufacturers

Director, Tinker Foundation

Director, The Americas Society

Director, United Negro College Fund

Trustee, Lawrence University

Past chairman, American Forest & Paper Association





L. Ben Lytle


Chairman, Anthem, Inc.


With more than 25 years experience in the health care industry, L. Ben Lytle specializes in health care and other issues facing Indiana and the nation.


In 1976, Lytle joined Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Indiana–the predecessor company to Anthem Inc.–where he was employed until his retirement in 1999. During his career at Anthem, Lytle served as executive vice president, chief operating officer, president, chief executive officer and chairman. He continues to serve as chairman of the board. Under his leadership, Anthem grew to become one of the ten largest health management companies in the United States.


Prior to joining Anthem, Lytle worked in the information services industry for Olivetti Inc., LTV Electrosystems, Associates Corporation of North America and the American Fletcher National Bank.


While involved with Anthem, Lytle also created and sold Acordia Inc., a company that became the word’s seventh largest insurance broker under Lytle’s leadership. He received his bachelor’s degree in psychology from East Texas State University and a juris doctor degree from Indiana University.


Publications and Media Exposure


Lytle has written numerous articles for and been interviewed by a wide variety of media outlets on health care issues. He also has provided testimony to Congress and state legislatures on health care reform, chaired Indiana’s Governor- appointed health care commission, and served on President Clinton’s Commission on Consumer Protection and Quality in the Health Care Industry.


He is on the Advisory Board of CID Equity Partners


The Board of Directors for Duke Realty Corporation


The Board of Trustees for the Hudson Institute


He is also on the Board of Governors for the Indiana Fiscal Policy Institute




Alex J. Mandl


Principal, ASM Investments


Mr. Mandl is a principal in ASM Investments. ASM Investments focuses on angel/VC early stage funding for companies utilizing technology as a differentiator in primarily the data/telephony sector.


Previously, Mr. Mandl served as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of  Teligent, and built a new communications company that set out to revolutionize the marketplace with an unprecedented offer to customers – simplicity, service, savings and speed – all from one company, all on one bill. Using its advanced, digital SmartWave™ technology, Teligent offered business customers significant savings on local, long distance, high-speed data and dedicated Internet access in major markets throughout the United States.


Mr. Mandl joined Teligent in August, 1996, when the company was little more than an idea, and Mr. Mandl took on the challenge of literally building the new company from scratch. Under his leadership, the company first offered stock to the public in November, 1997 and began serving its first customers in New York, Los Angeles, Chicago and other major markets in October, 1998.


Prior to Teligent, Mr. Mandl served as President and Chief Operating Officer of AT&T where he was responsible for directing the company’s long distance, wireless and local communications services, as well as its Direct TV, credit card and Internet businesses.


Before becoming AT&T’s president, Mr. Mandl was the company’s executive vice president and chief executive officer of its Communications Services Group, where he was responsible for the company’s core long distance and wireless businesses.


Earlier, he served as chief financial officer and group executive. In that capacity, he directed AT&T’s overall financial strategy, policy and operations and oversaw AT&T Capital Corp. (an equipment leasing company), as well as AT&T’s corporate purchasing, real estate and information systems functions. During his tenure as CFO, Mr. Mandl orchestrated AT&T’s successful, $11.5 billion acquisition of McCaw Cellular, and supervised its integration into the company.


Between 1988 and 1991, Mr. Mandl was chairman and chief executive officer of Sea-Land Services, Inc., the world’s leading provider of ocean transport and distribution services. Under his leadership, Sea-Land nearly doubled in size and became a highly profitable company.



Mr. Mandl began his business career in 1969, when he joined Boise Cascade Corp. as a merger and acquisition analyst. He held various financial posts with the company during the next 11 years. In 1980, he joined Seaboard Coast Line Industries, a diversified transportation company, as senior vice president and chief financial officer. After Seaboard merged with Chessie Systems to become CSX Corp., Mr. Mandl was named senior vice president in charge of corporate development and human resources, and chief information officer. In addition, he had operating responsibility for three transportation and information technology subsidiaries.


Mr. Mandl serves on the boards of Dell Computer Company, Pfizer, In-Q-Tel, the Walter A. Haas School of Business at the University of California at Berkeley and Willamette University. He is on the Council on Competitiveness, the Chase Manhattan Corporation National Advisory Board and a board member of the American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research.


Mr. Mandl holds an M.B.A. from the University of California at Berkeley and a B.A. in economics from Willamette University in Salem, Oregon.


In-Q-Tel & the CIA:,2100,54414,00.htm




Lee R. Raymond


Chairman and CEO, Exxon Mobil Corporation


Lee R. Raymond is the chairman and chief executive officer of Exxon Mobil Corporation.


Before the merger of Exxon and Mobil on November 30, 1999, Mr. Raymond was chairman and chief executive officer of Exxon Corporation. 


A native of Watertown, South Dakota, Mr. Raymond graduated in 1960 from the University of Wisconsin with a bachelor's degree in chemical engineering.  In 1963, he received a Ph.D. in the same discipline from the University of Minnesota.  He joined Exxon that same year as a production research engineer in Tulsa, Oklahoma.  Over the next 16 years, he held positions of increasing responsibility with Exxon Company, U.S.A.; Creole Petroleum Corporation, which was Exxon's operating affiliate in Venezuela before those facilities were nationalized; the former Exxon International Company, which was responsible for Exxon's international supply and transportation of petroleum products and crude oil; and Lago Oil & Transport Company, Limited, the Exxon affiliate in Aruba. 


He became president of Exxon Nuclear Company, Inc. in 1979, and moved to New York in 1981, when he was named executive vice president of Exxon Enterprises.  In 1983, Mr. Raymond was named president and director of Esso Inter-America Inc., with responsibilities for Exxon's operations in the Caribbean, Central and South America.  Mr. Raymond was named a senior vice president and was elected to the board of directors of the corporation in 1984.  He became president of the corporation in 1987.


Mr. Raymond is a director of the American Enterprise Institute and the United Negro College Fund.  He is a director of J. P. Morgan Chase & Co.,  chairman of its Governance Committee and a member of its Stock Committee.  He is chairman of the board, a director and member of the Executive Committee and Policy Committee of the American Petroleum Institute, and a director and member of the Strategic Planning Committee of The JASON Foundation for Education.  He is also a member of the National Advisory Council of the American Society for Engineering Education. 


He is a Trustee of the Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation, a member of the Advisory Board of Project Shelter Pro-Am, and a member of the Board and an Honorary Trustee of the Business Council for International Understanding, Inc.  He is also a member of the Innovations in Medicine Leadership Council of UT Southwestern Medical Center.


Mr. Raymond is a member of The Business Council, The Business Roundtable and also serves as a member of the Roundtable's Policy Committee and its Security Task Force and Taxation Task Force, the Dallas Committee on Foreign Relations, The American Council on Germany, the Council on Foreign Relations, the Emergency Committee for American Trade, the Singapore-U.S. Business Council, the Executive Committee of The 21st Century Campaign of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, the National Academy of Engineering, the National Petroleum Council and its Nominating Committee, the Trilateral Commission, the Dallas Citizens Council, and the University of Wisconsin Foundation.  He is a partner emeritus of the New York City Partnership.




J. Joe Ricketts


Chairman and Founder, Ameritrade Holding Corporation


J. Joe Ricketts is chairman and founder of Ameritrade Holding Corporation. Over the course of his career, Mr. Ricketts has been recognized as an international leader in developing new services for the self-directed investor.


In 1975, Mr. Ricketts was a founder of First Omaha Securities, a retail securities brokerage firm in Omaha, Nebraska. Among the first to enter the discount securities marketplace, the company, through the use of innovative technology and marketing, has grown significantly and evolved into its present corporate structure. Today, Ameritrade Holding Corporation is a recognized national leader in securities trading and clearing.


In 1982, Mr. Ricketts was the first person to achieve a “No Action” letter from the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) allowing a member of the National Association of Securities Dealers (NASD) to share commissions with a financial institution. This milestone opened a new era in the securities marketplace by establishing third-party discount brokerage services for financial institutions, banks, savings and loans and credit unions and presently operates as AmeriVest, Inc.


In 1988, Mr. Ricketts introduced the first quote and order entry system using a touch-tone telephone, now a common practice.


In 1994, he established Ceres Securities, Inc. with its $18 flat rate trading, which rapidly became the fastest growing firm in the nation. In 1995, Mr. Ricketts purchased K. Aufhauser & Company, Inc. and its WealthWeb, the first firm to offer securities trading over the Internet, receiving the first order in August of 1994.


The year 1996 saw the introduction of the first computer software to make available the tools of institutional investing (program trading and basket trading) to independent investors via the nationally acclaimed Accutrade for Windows software. Later that same year, Mr. Ricketts established eBroker; an Internet-only brokerage firm that grew rapidly as Internet-savvy consumers discovered the convenience of discount brokerage on the Web.


This multiple-branding strategy, designed to test cost reduction, service and pricing levels through different companies, produced invaluable marketing information. The new, consolidated brokerage firm Ameritrade, Inc., launched in the fall of 1997, was built from this wealth of market knowledge. Ameritrade brought together Ceres, Aufhauser and eBroker into one new firm with a magnetic combination of services and the lowest pricing in the marketplace, designed to build market share with the best value for its customers.


In 1998, Mr. Ricketts introduced an option trading simulation game called Darwin: Survival of the Fittest. In 1999, he brought OnMoney, an Internet based financial services mall, to the marketplace.


Mr. Ricketts was a member of the District Business Conduct Committee of the NASD, District No. 4 from 1996 to 1999. He currently is on the Board of Directors of the Securities Industry Association (SIA) as well as a former member of the SIA’s Regional Firms Committee and Small Firms Committee.






George R. Roberts


Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co.



A native of Houston, George R. Roberts ’62 graduated from Claremont McKenna College in 1966 and from the University of California (Hastings) Law School in 1969.

         In 1976, he was one of the founding partners of KKR (Kohlberg Kravis & Roberts), which specializes in finding, financing, and investing its own capital in management buyouts. KKR has invested over $70 billion during the past five years. Prior to co-founding KKR, Roberts was in the corporate finance department of Bear, Stearns & Co. from 1969-76, having become a partner at the age of 29.

           He is the director of several public and private companies including Owens-Illinois, Union Texas Petroleum, and Auto Zone. Roberts is a former trustee of The Culver Educational Foundation and also is a board member of the San Francisco Symphony, the San Francisco Ballet, the Fine Arts Museum, and Claremont McKenna College.


#351 on Forbes Worlds Richest 2002 (net worth $1.3 billion)


He serves on the board of Primedia




John W. Rowe


President and Co-CEO, Exelon Corporation


John W. Rowe is Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Exelon. He formally served as chairman, chief executive officer, and president of Unicom Corporation prior to the merger of Unicom and PECO Energy. Mr. Rowe was president and chief executive officer of New England Electric System (NEES) from 1989 to February 1998, and he served as president and chief executive officer of Central Maine Power Company from 1984 to 1989.


Before joining Central Maine Power, he was senior vice president of law for Consolidated Rail Corporation (Conrail) in Philadelphia. Mr. Rowe worked with the Chicago law firm of Isham, Lincoln & Beale from 1970 to 1980, where he became a partner in 1978 and served as counsel to the Trustees of the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul & Pacific Railroad Company.


Mr. Rowe is a native of Wisconsin, a graduate of the University of Wisconsin and the University of Wisconsin Law School, and a member of Phi Beta Kappa and the Order of the Coif. He has an honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from Bryant College, where he served on the Board of Trustees from 1994 to 1998.


Rowe serves on the Board of Directors of the Northern Trust Corporation. Rowe also serves as a director of UnumProvident Corporation and as a director and past chairman of the Edison Electric Institute. He is a trustee of Northwestern University, The Art Institute of Chicago, The Chicago Council on Foreign Relations, The Chicago Historical Society, The Field Museum, the Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation, the American Enterprise Institute and the Illinois chapter of The Nature Conservancy. He is a member of The Economic Club of Chicago, The Chicago Urban League and The Commercial Club of Chicago.




John W. Snow


Chairman, President, and CEO, CSX Corporation


Chronology of Employment:


1965 to 1967

Assistant Professor  of Economics, University of Maryland


1967 to 1972

Wheeler & Wheeler, Law Firm, Washington, D.C.


1972 to 1973

Assistant General Counsel, U.S. Department of Transportation


1972 to 1975

Adjunct Professor of Law, George Washington University Law School


1973 to 1974

Deputy Assistant Secretary for Policy, Plans and International Affairs


1974 to 1975

Assistant Secretary for Governmental Affairs, U.S. Department of Transportation


1975 to 1976

The Deputy Undersecretary, U.S. Department of Transportation


1976 to 1977

Administrator, The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration


Spring 1977

Visiting Professor of Economics, University of Virginia


Spring 1977

Visiting Fellow, American Enterprise Institute


May 1977 to 1980

Vice President Government Affairs, Chessie System Inc.


1980 to 1984

Senior Vice President Corporate Services, CSX Corporation, Richmond


1984 to 1985

Executive Vice President, CSX Corporation, Richmond


1985 to 1986

President and Chief Executive Officer, Chessie System Railroads, Baltimore


1986 to 1987

President and Chief Executive Officer, CSX Rail Transport, Jacksonville


1987 to 1988

President and Chief Executive Officer, CSX Transportation, Jacksonville


1988 to 1989

President and Chief Operating Officer, CSX Corporation, Richmond


1989 to 1991

President and Chief Executive Officer, CSX Corporation, Richmond


1991 to Present

Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer, CSX Corporation, Richmond


Civic, Religious, and Social Affiliations:

Episcopalian; Country Club of Virginia; Commonwealth Club; Augusta National Golf Club; Metropolitan Club; Chevy Chase Club; Several university honor societies.


Business and Professional Affiliations: Director – CSX Corporation; Circuit City Stores, Inc.; Johnson & Johnson; USX Corporation; U.S. Japan Business Council; Association of American Railroads. Board of Trustees – The Johns Hopkins University; Univ. of Virginia Darden School Foundation. Member – Business Roundtable; Executive Committee, The Business Council; Virginia Business Council; National Coal Council.


Distinctions and Past Affiliations: Distinguished Fellow, Yale University School of Management; U.S. Department of Transportation, Secretary's Outstanding Achievement Award, the department's highest award; President Ford's Domestic Policy Review Group; Governor Reagan's four-man advisory group on regulatory policy during the 1980 presidential campaign; Vice Chairman-Transportation Transition Team, appointed by President-elect Reagan; White House Conference for a Drug Free America; Services Policy Advisory Committee of U.S. Trade Representative; Co-Chair of National Commission on Financial Institution Reform, Recovery and Enforcement; National Commission on Intermodal Transportation; National Commission on Economic Growth and Tax Reform; Trustee, Virginia Museum of Fine Arts. Member – Richmond City School Board; Textron Inc.


Family: Wife – Carolyn Kalk Snow           Children – Bradley, Ian, and Christopher




William S. Stavropoulos


Chairman, The Dow Chemical Company


William S. Stavropoulos is chairman of the Board of Directors and chairman of the Executive Committee of The Dow Chemical Company, Midland, Michigan. He was named chief executive officer in 1995, and served in that capacity until November 2000 when he relinquished that post at age 60, consistent with company policy.


Stavropoulos had previously been president and chief operating officer from 1993 until being named chief executive officer.


His career with Dow began in Indianapolis in 1967 in Pharmaceutical Research. After an initial assignment, he served in a variety of research and business positions in Pharmaceuticals and Diagnostics.


Stavropoulos became business manager for Polyolefin Plastics in 1977 and director of marketing for the Dow U.S.A. Plastics Department in 1979. He was named commercial vice president for Dow Latin America in 1980. He then became president of Dow Latin America in 1984, and was named commercial vice president for Dow U.S.A. Basics and Hydrocarbons in 1985. He became group vice president for Dow U.S.A. Plastics and Hydrocarbons in 1987.


In 1990, Stavropoulos was named president of Dow U.S.A. and was elected a vice president of The Dow Chemical Company. He was then elected a senior vice president of Dow in May 1991.


Stavropoulos has been a member of the Board of Directors of Dow since July 1990.


He is a director of BellSouth Corporation, Chemical Financial Corporation, and NCR. Stavropoulos also serves on the boards of American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, Fordham University, and J. P. Morgan International Council. He is a member of the Advisory Board to the Fidelity Group of Funds.


Stavropoulos is past chairman of the American Chemistry Council, Society of Chemical Industry, and American Plastics Council.


He is a member of the American Chemical Society; The Business Council; World Business Council for Sustainable Development, serving on the Executive Committee; and the University of Notre Dame Advisory Council for the College of Science.


Stavropoulos received Société de Chimie Industrielle's 2001 Palladium Medal Award, The Man of the Year Award from the Hellenic American Chamber of Commerce in 2000, the CEO of the Year Kavaler Award in 1999, an honorary Doctor of Laws Degree from Northwood University in 1998, the Ellis Island Medal of Honor in 1998, The Man of Year Award from Hellenic American Bankers Association in 1997, and The Man of the Year Award from the American Hellenic Education Progressive Association in 1995.


Stavropoulos holds a bachelor of science degree from Fordham University and a doctorate in medicinal chemistry from the University of Washington.


He also serves on the International Advisory Board of JPMorgan Chase




Wilson H. Taylor


Wilson H. Taylor, who has served as chairman of CIGNA’s Board of Directors since 1989, joined Connecticut General Corporation, a CIGNA predecessor company, shortly after his graduation from Trinity College in Hartford, Connecticut, in 1964. When Connecticut General merged with INA Corporation in 1982 to form CIGNA, he was named executive vice president and chief financial officer of the new corporation. In 1988 he was named president and chief executive officer, becoming the youngest CEO of a major U.S. insurance company at that time. He is a trustee of Philadelphia’s Regional Performing Arts Center and a former trustee of the Philadelphia Orchestra.








Marilyn Ware


Chairman, American Water Works Company, Inc.


“Chairman Marilyn Ware, granddaughter of founder John Ware Jr., owns 10% of the company.”,2163,10104,00.htm


Marilyn Ware was named Chairman of the Board of American Water Works Company in 1988. She assumed this position after serving as Vice Chairman of the Board from 1984 to 1988 and as a member of the board since 1982.


In addition to her responsibilities at American Water Works, Ms. Ware currently holds leadership roles in a number organizations at the national level.  She is a member of the Board of Trustees of The American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, an organization that sponsors scholars whose research and public policy initiatives in the areas of defense, trade, economics, social issues and politics, have influenced national policy. She is also a member of the Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship, currently serving as Chairman of the organization’s Executive Committee under Dr. Henry Kissinger. Additionally, Ms. Ware is a member of the Pew Oceans Commission, and the National Council of the Conservation Fund. She is also the Chairman of the Campaign for Democracy’s Front Door, a fund for the Capitol Visitor Center. This is a unique public-private partnership that was formed to raise funds in support of the educational experience of the new center.


A native of Pennsylvania, Ms. Ware is a member of the Board of Overseers of the School of Medicine of the University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, and a Trustee of the University of Pennsylvania Health System. She is also a member of Board of Directors of the Pennsylvania Business Roundtable, and serves as Chairman of the   Education Committee. Previously she served as Chairman of the “Tom Ridge for Governor” Campaigns in Pennsylvania from 1993 to 1998, and she was a member of the Board of Directors for PPL, Pennsylvanians for Effective Government, PENJERDEL Council and the Pennsylvania Chamber of Business and Industry. She also served as a member of the Board of Trustees at Gannon University and the National Osteoporosis Foundation.


Ms. Ware attended American University and the University of Pennsylvania. In 1998 she was awarded an honorary Doctor of Public Services from Thaddeus Stevens College of Technology. In 2000, she was named Distinguished Daughter of Pennsylvania for exemplary citizenship and involvement. That year Ms. Ware also received the Water Resources Association Samuel S. Baxter Memorial Award for sound water resource management.  She was recognized for her professional contributions by “Philadelphia Magazine” and “The Philadelphia Business Journal,” as well as by the Greater Philadelphia Chamber of Commerce, Executive Women of New Jersey and the Republican Caucus of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives.


Ms. Ware is currently a member of the Board of Directors of CIGNA Corporation and IKON Office Solutions.


A lifetime advocate of stewardship issues such as farmland preservation, assistance for abused women and children, education and opportunities for learning disabled children and adults, Ms. Ware is the founder of KLS Educational Systems, Inc., which owned and operated summer school programs for learning disabled students, and the Janus School, which is a private day school for children and adults with learning disabilities. She currently serves as Vice President and Secretary of the Oxford Foundation, which provides funding to charities in the areas of education, health care the environment and community services. Ms. Ware is also a founding member of the Lancaster Farmland Trust and a member of the Advisory Committee of the Shelter for Abused Women in Lancaster PA.


Ms. Ware was a freelance writer, editor and public relations consultant and continues to serve in various leadership capacities within the Republican party at the national, state and local levels.


Ms. Ware is the parent of three adult children.




James Q. Wilson


Since beginning his distinguished career as a professor of government at Harvard University in the 1960's, James Q. Wilson has earned a reputation as a criminologist, economist and political analyst. He is the author or coauthor of twelve books, including American Government, Thinking About Crime, Varieties of Police Behavior, Political Organizations, Crime and Human Nature, Bureaucracy, and his most recent, The Moral Sense. He has edited or contributed to books on urban problems, government regulation of business, and the prevention of delinquency among children, including Crime and Public Policv, From Children to Citizens: Families, Schools, and Deliquency Prevention, Understanding and Controlling Crime, and Drugs and Crime. Professor Wilson has served on a number of national commissions concerned with public policy. He was chairman of the White House Task Force on Crime in 1966, chairman of the National Advisory Commission on Drug Abuse Prevention in 1972-1973, a member of the Attorney General's Task Force on Violent Crime in 1981, a member of the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board from 1985 to 1990, and he now serves on the board of directors of the New England Electric System, Protection One, the RAND Corporation, and State Farm Mutual Insurance. He is also Chairman of the Council of Academic Advisors of the American Enterprise Institute. He has been elected a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and a fellow of the American Philosophical Society. In 1990 he received the James Madison award for distinguished scholarship from the American Political Science Association and served as that organization's president.


He is currently a member of the Presidents Council on Bioethics





Emeritus Trustees


Winton M. Blount


Founder and Chairman of the Board and a Director of Alabama-based Blount International, Inc., a $640 million industrial  conglomerate listed on the New York Stock Exchange.


He attended Staunton Military Academy, Staunton, Virginia, and the University of Alabama. During World War II, Mr. Blount served in the United States Air Force as a pilot of a B-29 bomber.

Following the war, Mr. Blount embarked on the business career that was to elevate him to a position of prominence among the nation's businessmen. With his brother, Mr. Blount formed the Blount Brothers Corporation of Montgomery, and built it into one of the nation's largest general contracting firms. Projects have taken the firm throughout the United States, and participation has been in a wide variety of construction fields, ranging from municipal buildings to space projects at Cape Kennedy.

Always active in civic and business affairs, Mr. Blount was elected president of the State Chamber of Commerce in 1962, and held the post for two years. In 1968, his colleagues in the business world honored him by electing Mr. Blount as president of the U. S. Chamber of Commerce, a post which he vacated when he was named to the President's Cabinet. Mr. Blount is a member of the Board of Trustees of the University of Alabama, a member of the National Industrial Conference Board, and a past director of the National Association of Manufacturers. He is also director of a number of business firms, and is a trustees of Southern Research Institute in Birmingham.

Mr. Blount was selected as one of the "Four Outstanding Young Men in Alabama" in 1956, and was named "Man of the Year" in Montgomery in 1961. He was the recipient of the "Golden Knight of Management Award" by the Alabama Council of the National Management Association in 1962, and received a Citation from the City Government of Montgomery for Distinguished Service to the City in 1966.

Mr. Blount hold the honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from Judson College, received in 1967.


He graduated from Staunton Military Academy in 1939:


He is also a trustee of the Aspen Institute


With his wife, he launched the “Blount Undergraduate Initiative” at the University of Alabama




Willard C. Butcher


Former Chairman and CEO, JPMorgan Chase


(“The 1975 to 1976 recession created difficulties for banks, as many companies failed and real estate values plummeted. Rockefeller and Willard C. Butcher, who had been named president in 1972, confronted the problems directly. They quickly put problem loans on nonaccrual status and immediately charged off loans once it became clear they would not be repaid.”)


Banking has changed radically over the past fifty years, and few people have witnessed more of those changes than Willard Butcher, the retired chairman of the Chase Manhattan Corporation.


After graduating from Brown, Butcher spent forty-three years at Chase, ten of them as its chief executive. As a young credit officer ably handling loans for a number of large commercial clients, Butcher came to the attention of David Rockefeller, a banker-statesman of legendary stature who was then Chase’s chairman. Butcher was eventually chosen by Rockefeller to head the international department, one of the bank’s most exciting and prestigious units. In 1972 Rockefeller promoted Butcher to president. It was a difficult time for Chase. The bank was facing a period of declining earnings and aggressive competition. Under Butcher’s leadership, however, earnings returned to healthy levels and Chase surpassed its archrival, Citicorp.


“Bill Butcher took an organization that was flat on its back,” one analyst noted several years ago, “and brought it back to respectability, more than respectability.”




Richard B. Madden


Retired Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Potlatch Corporation


Mr. Madden was Chief Executive Officer of Potlatch Corporation, from 1971, and Chairman of the Board, from 1977, until his retirement in May of 1994. He was previously associated with Mobil Oil Corporation where he served in various management capacities for fifteen years. Mr. Madden is a director of URS Corporation. He retired as a director of Potlatch on December 31, 1999 and PG&E Corporation on February16, 2000. He is also a Trustee Emeritus of the American Enterprise Institute and an Honorary Trustee for the Committee for Economic Development. His civic activities include the Board of Governors of the San Francisco Symphony Association; Board of Directors of the Smith-Kettlewell Eye Research Institute; a Trustee Emeritus of the San Francisco Foundation and the Corporation of Fine Arts Museums; and Director of the Order of Malta, Western Association. Mr. Madden, age 72, holds a B.S. degree in engineering from Princeton University, a J.D. degree from the University of Michigan, an M.B.A. from New York University, and a PhD, honoris causa from the College of St. Scholastica.


He also sits on the board of directors for CNF, Inc.




Robert H. Malott


 Retired Chairman and CEO, FMC Corporation


Robert Malott is the Former Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of FMC Corporation, Chicago. Mr. Malott is a member of the boards of Sovereign Specialty Chemicals, Inc.; The Aspen Institute; Chicago Botanic Garden; International Executive Service Corps; Lyric Opera of Chicago; National Trust for Historic Preservation; National Park Foundation; and the Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy. He serves on the board and is former chairman of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution); board member and former Vice Chairman of the University of Chicago; is a member of the board of governors of Argonne National Laboratory; and a member of the board of overseers of the Hoover Institution. Mr. Malott is a member of the Advisory Council, J.L. Kellogg Graduate School of Management, Northwestern University; the National Academy of Sciences (Presidents Circle); and is a Lincoln Academy Laureate (Illinois). He is a trustee emeritus of the board of the American Enterprise Institute and a trustee of the board for the Teachers Academy for Mathematics and Sciences.






Paul W. McCracken


Paul W. McCracken is a native of Iowa. He holds an A.B. degree from William Penn College, Oskaloosa, Iowa, and M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in economics from Harvard University. Additionally, he holds honorary degrees from several colleges and universities, including William Penn College, Albion, Berea, Central Michigan University, and Northern Michigan University. After graduate study at Harvard, he worked as an economist in the U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C., and then as a financial economist and director of research at the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.


Since 1948, he has been a member of the faculty of the School of Business Administration at The University of Michigan. In 1966, he was appointed Edmund Ezra Day Distinguished University Professor of Business Administration at the University.


McCracken was on leave from the University, 1956-59, while he served as Member of the President's Council of Economic Advisers. He returned to the Council at the beginning of 1969 to serve for three years as its Chairman. He was also a member of President Reagan's Economic Policy Advisory Board. He is a member of the Public Oversight Board of the AICPA, a member of the Harvard Graduate Society Council, and has been Chairman of the National Bureau of Economic Research, and a member of the President's Council of Berea College.


McCracken has been a director of some companies, among them Dow Chemical Co., Johnson Controls, Lincoln National Corporation, Sara Lee, and Texas Instruments.


Author of periodic op-ed articles for the Wall Street Journal and of numerous papers and monographs on economic and financial policy, he has lectured and travelled throughout the world and participated on national and international economic commissions, task forces, and conferences. He is listed in "Who's Who in America," "International Who's Who in the Midwest," "Who's Who in American Politics," and in "American Men of Science."




Paul F. Oreffice


Paul F. Oreffice is retired chairman of the Board of The Dow Chemical Co. As well as being on the Board of The Coca-Cola Company, Mr. Oreffice is chairman of the Board of Fairfield Homes of Arizona, and on the international advisory board of Marsh and McLennan. He is a trustee of the American Enterprise Institute, The New York Racing Association, and Thunderbird American School of International Management.

Mr. Oreffice joined Dow Chemical in 1953 following service in the U.S. Army. In 1966, he became the first president of Dow Latin America, and in 1970 he was named the company's chief financial officer. Elected to the Board of Directors in 1971, he became president of Dow USA in 1975, then president and chief executive officer of The Dow Chemical Co. in 1978, and its chairman in 1986. He retired in 1992.



Born in Venice, Italy, Mr. Oreffice came to the United States with his family when he was seventeen. He received his B.S. in Chemical Engineering from Purdue University and is the recipient of eight honorary degrees. He has received The International Palladium Medal, the Chemical Industry Medal, and the Centenary Medal, the three highest awards granted by the world's chemical organizations.


He is also a member of the Presidents Council of the RAND Corporation


He is also Vice Chairman of the Board of Governors of the National Parkinson Foundation


Paul F. Oreffice, Former Chairman of the Dow Chemical Company, a member of the National Parkinson Foundation's Board of Governors, is a Director of CIGNA Corporation, The Coca-Cola Company, and Northern Telecom Limited, Chairman of the Board of Fairfield Homes, Inc., as well as a member of the International Advisory Board of Marsh and McLennan. He is also a member of the Business Council, and a Trustee of The New York Racing Association, Morehouse College, and Thunderbird Graduate School of International Management.


In 1987 he won the “Chemical Industry Medal”. A more extensive biography of him can be found here:




Henry Wendt


Henry Wendt served as Founder and Chairman of Global Health Care Partners, a unit of CSFB Private Equity, specializing in investments in health care businesses worldwide until January 1, 2001. He retired completely from CSFB on December 31, 2001. Mr. Wendt retired as Chairman of SmithKline Beecham in 1994 after completing a career of nearly four decades in the pharmaceutical, health care products and services industry. He is generally recognized as a principal architect of the successful merger creating SmithKline Beecham in 1989. He was Chairman and Chief Executive of SmithKline Beckman prior to the merger with Beecham in 1989.


Mr. Wendt is Chairman of the Board of Directors of Computerized Medical Systems, Inc. and Arrail Dental (China), Ltd., and serves on the Boards of BioPartners, SA; Cambridge Laboratories, PLC; Wilson Greatbatch Technologies Ltd; Focus Technologies Inc.; and Prometheus Laboratories Inc. He also serves as Chairman of the Community Foundation of Sonoma County, Director of The Pacific Basin Institute at Pomona College, and as Trustee Emeritus of the American Enterprise Institute.


In 1994, Mr. Wendt was awarded the Order of the Rising Sun with Gold and Silver Star (the highest honor awarded to a non-Japanese) by the Government of Japan and in 1995 he was named Honorary Commander of the British Empire (CBE) by HRM Queen Elizabeth II.


A graduate of Princeton University, he is the author of Global Embrace, a book published by Harper Business in 1993. He and his wife, Holly, are owners of Quivira Vineyards, a wine estate in northern California where they make their home.








Christopher C. DeMuth




Executive Vice President

David Gerson



Council of Academic Advisors



James Q. Wilson




Gertrude Himmelfarb


Distinguished Professor of History Emeritus

City University of New York




Samuel P. Huntington


Albert J. Weatherhead III

University Professor of Government

Harvard University




D. Gale Johnson


Eliakim Hastings Moore Distinguished Service

Professor of Economics Emeritus

University of Chicago




William M. Landes


Clifton R. Musser Professor of Economics

University of Chicago Law School




Daniel Patrick Moynihan


University Professor

Maxwell School

Syracuse University




Sam Peltzman


Ralph and Dorothy Keller Distinguished Service

Professor of Economics

University of Chicago

Graduate School of Business




Nelson W. Polsby


Heller Professor of Political Science

Institute of Government Studies

University of California, Berkeley




George L. Priest


John M. Olin Professor of Law and Economics

Yale Law School




Jeremy Rabkin


Professor of Government

Cornell University




Murray L. Weidenbaum


Mallinckrodt Distinguished

University Professor

Washington University




Richard J. Zeckhauser


Frank Plumpton Ramsey Professor of Political Economy

Kennedy School of Government

Harvard University


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