by Michael Salla
Honolulu Exopolitics Examiner
August 16, 2013

from Examiner Website



CIA has admitted for the first time that Area 51 exists by officially acknowledging it by name in a document released through the Freedom of Information Act.


Major media networks today gave wide coverage to the CIA admission that Area 51 is real.


The CIA document was released to Jeffrey Richelson, a Senior Fellow at the National Security Archive, George Washington University who requested further information on the history of the U-2 Spy Plane. In the document, the CIA acknowledges that Area 51 was chosen due to the suitability of the Groom Lake dry sand flat for testing secret spy planes.


What the CIA document didn’t mention was another dry lake bed nearby, Papoose Lake, which is only 12 miles away.





According to whistleblowers, this is the location of an even more secretive facility called S-4 where a variety of saucer shaped spacecraft are tested and reverse engineered.


This is the facility named by Bob Lazar in 1989 who briefly worked there, and disclosed all to George Knapp in a series of interviews for Las Vegas television station KLAS.


S-4 is where you will find alien spacecraft and even live extraterrestrials according to Lazar and other whistleblowers.


According to the document released by the CIA, 'The Central Intelligence Agency and Overhead Reconnaissance - The U-2 and Oxcart Programs' (pdf large file), Area 51 was discovered in April 12, 1955 during an overflight and landing at Groom Lake located near the Nevada (Atomic) Test Site.


The document authors, Gregory Pedlow and Donald Welzenbach, wrote that no less than the U.S. President officially approved the building of the secret facilities at Area 51:

“President Eisenhower also approved the addition of this strip of wasteland, known by its map designation as Area 51, to the Nevada Test Site.”

According to Richelson, the official acknowledgment:

…marks an end of official secrecy about the facts of Area 51. It opens up the possibility that future accounts of this and other aerial projects will be less redacted, more fully explained in terms of their presence in Area 51.

What Richelson doesn’t mention, along with the authors of the CIA document, is another facility nearby at Papoose Lake.


This is where the whistleblower Bob Lazar claims to have been taken after flying to Area 51 from Las Vegas on a JANET flight - an air shuttle for Area 51 workers.


Lazar claims to have personally seen up to nine different flying saucer type craft, some of which were alien in origin. Lazar worked on the propulsion system and was paid by an unacknowledged branch of the US Navy called the Department of Naval Intelligence.


Lazar eventually decided to go public, and become a whistleblower. His interviews with George Knapp from KLAS-TV became world famous, and put Area 51 on the map for UFO investigators.


More recently, in May 2013, a retired CIA agent going by the pseudonym Kewper’ gave video testimony before six retired members of the US Congress about an incident involving President Eisenhower requesting information and access to the S-4 facility in 1958.


It appears that in the three years or so since the building of Area 51 and the adjacent S-4 facility, that the managers of S-4 decided to withhold information about what was happening there.


Eisenhower had to threaten to invade S-4 with the US First Army before its managers decided to share classified information with him.





According to the CIA agent, the S-4 facility housed a number of extraterrestrial space vehicles along with a captured live alien that he personally saw.


His CIA boss, along with other agents, even got to directly interview the live alien. In 1997, a whistleblower using the pseudonym Victor, released a video of a live alien being interviewed at S-4.


The official acknowledgement by the CIA that Area 51 exists is welcome advance in getting the CIA to release information about secret aviation projects near Groom Lake. However, the testimony by Lazar, Kewper and others suggests that Area 51 is not where the most classified projects take place.


Area 51 is a convenient cover for even more secretive advanced aviation programs housed at S-4 at the nearby Papoose Lake. The CIA is only telling a half-truth that you won’t find any extraterrestrial technologies or alien beings at Area 51 according to Lazar and others.


It is at the nearby S-4 facility next to Papoose Lake where alien spacecraft and their pilots can be found.













The Secret History of The U-2
by Jeffrey T. Richelson

August 15, 2013
from TheNationalSecurityArchive Website




For more information contact:
Jeffrey T. Richelson 202/994-7000  or



US Spy Planes Targeted China to Help India;

Used British Crews to "Confuse the Soviets"

and Overflew French Nuclear Sites
Groom Lake/Area 51 Finally Declassified
Less Redacted CIA History Released Under FOIA
National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 434




Early U-2 in flight.

(Photo credit: CIA)



Washington, D.C., August 15, 2013


On 21 February 1955, Richard M. Bissell, a senior CIA official, wrote a check on an Agency account for $1.25 million dollars and mailed it to the home of Kelly Johnson, chief engineer at the Lockheed Company's Burbank, California, plant.


According to a newly declassified CIA history of the U-2 program obtained under the Freedom of Information Act by National Security Archive senior fellow Jeffrey T. Richelson, the Agency was about to sign a contract with Lockheed for $22.5 million to build 20 U-2 aircraft, but the company needed a cash infusion right away to keep the work going.


Through the use of "unvouchered" funds - virtually free from any external oversight or accounting - the CIA could write checks to finance secret programs, such as the U-2.



Photograph, taken during a 1957 U-2 flight,

of a R-7 missile launch pad

at the Tyuratum missile test center.



As it turned out, Lockheed produced the 20 aircraft at a total of $18,977,597 (including $1.9 million in profit), or less than $1 million per plane. It was all "under budget," a miracle in today's defense contracting world.

What the CIA released in response to a 2005 Freedom of Information Act request is a substantially less redacted version of a history of two key aerial reconnaissance programs.


Written by agency historians Gregory Pedlow and Donald Welzenbach, and titled The Central Intelligence Agency and Overhead Reconnaissance: The U-2 and OXCART Programs, 1954-1974, the study was published in classified channels in 1992.


Subsequently, a heavily redacted version of the U-2 portion was published, in 1998, by the agency's Center for the Study of Intelligence as a book, The CIA and the U-2 Program, 1954-1974, in conjunction with a CIA conference on the U-2.


The full study, in redacted form, had been released in response to FOIA requests.






The latest release is notable for the significant amount of newly declassified material with respect to the U-2 - with regard to,

  • names of pilots

  • codenames and cryptonyms

  • locations

  • funding and cover arrangements

  • electronic countermeasures equipment

  • organization

  • cooperation with foreign governments

  • operations, particularly in Asia

In addition, the release also contains newly declassified on one manned and two unmanned aerial reconnaissance efforts.



The CIA's declassified map

of Groom Lake/Area 51.



Specifically, newly declassified material on:

  • The CIA's declassified map of Groom Lake/Area 51.

  • Numerous references to Area 51 and Groom Lake, with a map of the area.


  • Names of all the pilots who flew the U-2 missions that are discussed in the history


  • A table (Appendix D) which provides key data on all U-2 flights over the Soviet Union - date, mission numbers, pilot, airfield, payload, and route. Maps show all the routes.


  • Cryptonyms and codewords such as,

    • KWEXTRA-00

    • KWGLITTER-00



    • KWCORK

    • MUDLARK (the project to gather all available information about the downing of Francis Gary Powers' U-2)

    • HBJARGON (the U-2 base in Pakistan)


  • More than three pages (pp. 153-157, previously deleted in their entirety) on British participation in the U-2 program. The authors note that President Dwight Eisenhower viewed British participation "as a way to confuse the Soviets as to sponsorship of particular overflights" as well to spread the risk of failure.


  • An account (pp. 231-233, previously redacted in its entirety) of U-2 operations from India, between 1962 and 1967, triggered by the 1962 Sino-Indian war.


  • An account (pp. 222-230 ff., almost entirely deleted in the previous release) of U.S.-sponsored Chinese Nationalist U-2 operations, including tables of the number of overflight and peripheral missions each year.


  • Details of Operation FISH HAWK (pp. 249-251), the employment of a U-2, launched off an aircraft carrier in May 1964, to photograph the French nuclear test site in the Pacific.


  • Discussions of a manned low-altitude reconnaissance program, STPOLLY, consisting of flights over China during the 1960s by Chinese Nationalist pilots.


  • An account (pp. 211-216) of U-2 operations in support of CIA covert operations in support of the 1958 Indonesian rebellion and the Tibetan rebellion against China.


  • Accounts (in Appendix E) of two unmanned aerial reconnaissance programs - AQUILINE and AXILLARY.

The many books and articles written on the aerial reconnaissance programs, particularly the U-2 and the OXCART (and its Air Force variant, the SR-71), include much information about these topics, often with significant accuracy.1


However, the newly released material provides a combination of significant new material, official confirmation of - or corrections to - what has been written, and official acknowledgment that permits researchers to follow up the disclosures with FOIA or Mandatory Declassification Review requests that may produce even more information.2


Moreover, like any historical study, the CIA history may include errors that will require further scrutiny by researchers in the field.


U-2 on landing strip.

(Photo credit: CIA)



Commentary by British U-2 Historian Chris Pocock on the CIA History

British author Chris Pocock has been writing about U-2 history for years, beginning with Dragon Lady: The History of the U-2 Spy Plane (1989) and more recently Fifty Years of the U- 2 (2005).


According to a previously excised comment in the CIA history, Pocock's book, Dragon Lady, is,

"by far the most accurate unclassified account of the U-2 program."

Recognizing that any historical study has its limitations and needs to be approached critically, Mr. Pocock has closely scrutinized the CIA history and has kindly provided us with his detailed preliminary reactions on a page-by-page basis: The Central Intelligence Agency and Overhead Reconnaissance - The U-2 and OXCART Programs, 1954-1974 by Gregory W. Pedlow and Donald E. Welzenbach, written 1992 (S/NOFORN).


The U-2 portion declassified with reactions in 1998. FOIA request for a review of the redactions by the National Security Archive in 2005.


Document review completed and approved for release 25 June 2013.





[1] For example, the preface to the history notes some of the literature about the two programs and observes that,

"After the present study of the Agency's overhead reconnaissance projects was completed, a new book on the U-2 was published in the United Kingdom. Chris Pocock's Dragon Lady: The History of the U-2 Spyplane is by far the most accurate unclassified account of the U-2 program."

The previous release had the words "by far the most accurate" redacted.

[2] For example, the STPOLLY program is the subject of a CIA history, Low-Level Technical Reconnaissance over Mainland China (1955-1966) , requests for which have been denied in their entirety.