by Stephen Smith
from Thunderbolts Website
Comet Hartley 2
supposedly surrounded by "snowballs" of water ice.
Frozen clumps of ice are thought to be
spewing from the nucleus of comet 103P/Hartley 2.
For example, some comets demonstrate
comas, tails, and jets when they are far from the Sun, supposedly
the energy source for all cometary activity. If the Sun is what
causes water ice to melt, or as a
recent press release has announced
with some surprise, dry ice (frozen carbon dioxide) to sublime and
form "jets," then a comet past the orbit of Jupiter should not
exhibit those features.
Despite some differences between the spectrum of pure water and the emissions from Hartley 2, NASA scientists state:
An electric comet hypothesis was proposed by Ralph Juergens in the early 1970's as a part of his electric Sun model.
His physicist colleague, Dr. Earl Milton, and Wal Thornhill developed the model after Juergens' untimely death in 1979.
The first article on electric comets on Thornhill's website appeared in October 2001 along with his predictions for the Deep Impact mission. Later articles appeared in January 2004 when the Stardust mission encountered comet Wild 2.
And some results of the
experiment were reported in July 2005.
The cathode sparks erode minerals from the surface of comets (such as carbon) and, as Thornhill elucidates, they can dissociate comet minerals containing oxygen atoms so that the ionized O- atom combines with H+ ions, or protons, from the Sun's solar wind, forming the OH hydroxyl molecule.
The carbon from comet minerals may
similarly combine with ionized oxygen to form carbon monoxide in his
electric comet model.
However, those water-based objects have
not been seen by space borne imaging equipment.
If silicon is present, then the cloud of large particles could be small rocks with hydroxyl coatings.
Research done in 1964 demonstrated that the surfaces of silica gels can contain hydroxyl groups.