by Acharya S.
extracted from 'What
About the Anunnaki?'
The Anunnaki and
Assorted Other Characters
Contrary to popular belief, the Sumerian culture has been known for
centuries and did not appear suddenly out of nowhere with the
discovery of the cuneiform tablets found at Ur, capitol of Sumeria,
If anything, the tablets and others verified what we
already knew about
Sumeria from its inheritors, the
Akkadians and Assyro-Babylonians.
The Sumerians were not a lost
civilization, except that their older remains such as at Ur had not
been preserved. Their mythology and culture were fairly well
preserved in the succeeding civilizations: For instance, some
300,000 tablets of the Babylonians have been found thus far, which
include much commentary on their gods.
The main characters in the Sumero-Babylonian religion/mythology are
Enlil/Ellil, Utu/Shamash, Marduk/Merodach, Gilgamesh, Nanna/Sin,
Inanna/Ishtar, Ea/Enki and Dumuzi/Tammuz.
A number of
these deities are in the class called "Anunnaki" and/or "Igigi." The
Anunnaki are numbered variously: 7, 50 and 900.
None of these characters is a historical person, as, again, the
Sumero-Babylonians correctly identified their own gods as being the
"planets," which, of course, included the sun and the moon.
Says the Catholic Encyclopedia
"The storied tower of Birs Nimrud
counts seven of these quadrangular platforms painted in seven
colors, black, white, yellow, blue, scarlet, silver, and gold,
and in the same order sacred to the stellar gods, Adar (Saturn),
Ishtar (Venus), Merodach (Jupiter), Nebo (Mercury), Nergal
(Mars), Sin (the Moon), Shamash (the Sun)."
The "king of the Anunnaki," Enlil
is the storm/wind god, also essentially the same as the later Bel or
Baal, the Canaanite sun god/solar hero. Enlil and Ninlil give birth
to the moon god Nanna, "a major astral deity of the Sumerians," who
was called "Sin" in Babylonian.
Sin is the same moon god encamped
at Mt. Sinai, as well as worshipped at Ur and Harran, where lived
the mythical Abraham, progenitor of the Hebrews, who "borrowed" many
of their gods (Elohim) from Mesopotamia. Obviously, neither the moon
nor "his parents" are real persons/aliens; nor are the rest.
Regarding Enlil/Bel, the
Encyclopedia Britannica says:
"(Akkadian), Sumerian Enlil, Mesopotamian god of the atmosphere
and a member of the triad of gods completed by Anu (Sumerian An)
and Ea (Enki). Enlil meant 'Lord Wind' - both the hurricane and
the gentle winds of spring were thought of as the breath issuing
from his mouth, and eventually as his word or command. He was
sometimes called Lord of the Air.
"Although An was the highest god in the Sumerian pantheon, Enlil
had a more important role he embodied energy and force but not
authority. Enlil's cult centre was Nippur. Enlil was also the
god of agriculture: the Myth of the Creation of the Hoe
describes how he separated heaven and earth to make room for
seeds to grow.
He then invented the hoe and broke the hard crust
of earth; men sprang forth from the hole. Another myth relates Enlil's rape of his consort Ninlil (Akkadian Belit), a grain
goddess, and his subsequent banishment to the underworld. This
myth reflects the agricultural cycle of fertilization, ripening,
and winter inactivity.
"The name of his Akkadian counterpart, Bel, is derived from the
Semitic word baal, or "lord." Bel had all the attributes
of Enlil, and his status and cult were much the same. Bel,
however, gradually came to be thought of as the god of order and
destiny. In Greek writings references to Bel indicate this
Babylonian deity and not the Syrian god of Palmyra of the same
Although there were many Baalim,
the singular Baal came to represent the sun in the age of Taurus
(4500-2400 BCE), whence comes the word "bull."
The moon god Sin is the father of Shamash, the
Babylonian sun god who was called Chemosh in Moabite and who
was worshipped by the Israelites. Indeed, "sun" in Hebrew is "shamash."
The sun god Shamash was called the "sublime judge of the Anunnaki."
The "commander of the Anunnaki" and son of Enki/Ea, the god of "the
waters" (Gen. 1:1), was Marduk, or Merodach, who is
the Mordecai of the biblical book of Esther (Ishtar). Also
called a "king of the Igigi," Marduk was the supreme Babylonian god
and often represented Jupiter, although as "Bel-Marduk" he
incorporated aspects of the sun god as well and was considered as
such at a late period in his worship.
One of Marduk's 50 names was "Nibiru" or
"Nebiru," in which Robert Temple in The Sirius Mystery
sees the Egyptian term "Neb-Heru," meaning "Lord of the sun." Rather
than representing the "12th planet," the description of Nibiru in
the Enuma Elish does indeed seem to
depict the personification of the sun and its "exploits." "Nebo" was
the Babylonian version of "Moses," actually a solar hero, and
Nibiru, in fact, is represented by a winged disc, a common motif
representing the sun.
According to the consensus of
astronomers worldwide, both amateur and professional,
there is no evidence for the 12th
planet/Nibiru as Sitchin presents it. (In other words,
"Planet X" is not a known, astronomical reality.)
The demigod/hero Gilgamesh is represented as wrestling the
"celestial bull," which is the sign of the age of Taurus and is
similar to the motif of the Persian sun god Mithra slaying the bull.
In mourning the death of Enki, Gilgamesh "goes to the mountains of
Mashu and passes by the guardian scorpion-demons into the darkness."
Mt. Mashu was where "every evening the
sun sought repose." Per Robert Temple, "Mashu" is evidently
derived from an Egyptian term meaning, "Behold, the sun." Like
"Moses," derived from mashah in Hebrew, "Mashu" is apparently
related to "Shamash" and represents the sun. The "scorpion-demons"
or scorpion-men are evidently the stars in the constellation of
Scorpio, in the darkness of the night sky. Gilgamesh has also
been associated with the Egyptian sun god Osiris, as has the
biblical "Nimrod" or "Nemrod."
The Catholic Encyclopedia (CE)
"Gilgamesh, whom mythology
transformed into a Babylonian Hercules [the Greek solar hero],
whose fortunes are described in
the Gilgamesh-epos, would then
be the person designated by the Biblical Nemrod. Others again
see in Nemrod an intentional corruption of Amarudu, the Akkadian
for Marduk, whom the Babylonians worshiped as the great God..."
One of the "seven who decreed the
fates," Inanna/Ishtar was the Goddess, alternately Venus, the moon,
the constellation of Virgo, the earth, etc. Ishtar was "Astarte" in
Phoenicia, and, as Frazer says in The Worship of Nature,
"Her Phoenician worshippers identified her with the Moon..."
Like the Greek god of the underworld,
Hades, who allowed his beloved Persephone to return to the
surface in order to create spring, Inanna was the creator of
seasons, as she is depicted as permitting the solar-fertility god
Dumuzi/Tammuz to remain in the underworld for only six months out of
One of the lesser Anunnaki, the "shepherd god" Tammuz was
worshipped also in Jerusalem, per the book of Ezekiel (8:14). As the
Babylonian records state concerning their "garden of Eden" or
"Edina," of Eridu:
"a dark vine grew; it was made a
glorious place, planted beside the abyss. In the glorious house,
which is like a forest, its shadow extends; no man enters its
midst. In its interior is the Sun-god Tammuz. Between the mouths
of the rivers, which are on both sides." (CE "Babylonia")
Epic of Gilgamesh, the Anunnaki
"The Flood: Nergal pull down the
dams of the nether waters, Ninurta the war lord threw down the
dykes, and the SEVEN judges of hell, THE ANUNNAKI, raised their
torches lighting the land with their vivid fire."
The "nether waters" represent the
heavens, and the Anunnaki were called "the fates" and
light-bearers of the night sky. They were the "seven judges of hell"
and "seven nether spheres," as Barbara Walker relates in her
entry on Mary Magdalene (The Woman's Encyclopedia, 614):
"The seven 'devils' exorcised from
Mary Magdalene seem to have been the seven Maskim, or Anunnaki,
Sumero-Akkadian spirits of the seven nether spheres, born of the
goddess Mari. Their multiple birth was represented in her sacred
dramas, which may account for their alleged emergence from Mary
An Akkadian tablet said of them, 'They are seven! In
the depths of the ocean, they are seven! In the brilliance of
the heavens, they are seven! They proceed from the ocean depths
[Maria] from the hidden retreat!"
Walker also relates, in The
Woman's Dictionary of Symbols and Sacred Objects, 13:
"A generally accepted view of the
universe in antiquity was the doctrine of the planetary spheres,
conceived as great crystal domes or inverted bowls nested inside
one another over the earth, turning independently of one another
at various rates, and emitting the 'music of the spheres' with
The theory was evolved to explain the apparently
erratic movement of planets against the background of the fixed
stars. Reading from the innermost sphere outward, arranging them
according to the days of the week, they were the spheres of the
moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, Saturn, and the sun.
Outermost was the eight sphere, the Empyrean, the home of fixed
spheres and the ultimate God: the highest heaven.
"As a corollary to this theory, it was also assumed that there
were seven nether spheres descending under the earth: the 'seven
hells' to which Dumuzi and Inanna (or Tammuz and Ishtar)
journeyed; whose seven gates were guarded by the seven Anunnaki
or Maskim, the nether counterparts of the planetary spirits.
According to an Akkadian magic
'They proceed from the ocean
depths, from the hidden retreat.' From the ancient idea of
the seven nether spheres, Dante took his vision of the
descending circles of hell.'
"Early Christians taught that each
human soul descends from heaven, picking up one of the seven
deadly sins from each planetary sphere along the way: lust from
Venus, anger from Mars, and so on. After death, the soul
returned to the highest heaven, shedding the same sins one by
one, while passing the 'innkeeper' of the spheres - providing,
of course, that the soul was Christianized and therefore
One of these Anunnaki, was Ningizzida,
a "lesser god of the Underworld," and "one of the guardians of the
gate of heaven."
When we study what the ancients said about them, we discover that
the Anunnaki, et al., are part of the celestial mythos, not
"aliens." These Anunnaki are, in fact, the "seven nether spheres" or
mirror images of the seven "planets."
These seven judges are a
common mythical motif, also found in Slavic/Serbian mythology, for
example, where they are clearly identified as the planets:
"Among the Serbs the Sun was a young
and handsome king. He lived in a kingdom of light and sat on a
throne of gold and purple. At his side stood two beautiful
virgins, Aurora of the Morning and Aurora of the Evening, seven
judges (the planets) and seven 'messengers' who flew across the
universe in the guise of 'stars with tails' (comets). Also
present was the Sun's 'bald uncle, old Myesyats' (or the moon)."
New Larousse Encyclopedia of
As we can see, the reality of this issue
is much more colorful and luminous than a group of bizarre aliens
terrorizing cavemen. This information is what the ancients
They did not write,
"And so the Anunnaki were sky people
from another planet who landed here and mated with humans, etc."
In fact, "Anunnaki" is a generic term
for gods, especially secondary gods, and means "gods of heaven
and earth," not "those who from heaven to earth came."
"An" or "Anu" means "sky" and represents the name of the "god of
heaven," while "Ki" means "earth" and is the name of the earth
As noted, the Anunnaki were numbered 900 as well, some of whom
apparently represented the stars, i.e., the zodiac, or "heavenly
host," as worshipped by the Canaanites and Hebrews.
In this regard, Benson writes in
The History of God From Abraham to Moses:
"The Anunnaki were analogous to the
'host of heaven' of the Hebrews. Marduk allotted portions to the
'To the Anunnaki of heaven and
earth [Marduk] had allotted their portions.'
Likewise, the Canaanite-Hebrew god
El Elyon allotted portions to his sons:
'When the Most High [Heb. Elyon]
gave to the nations their inheritance, when he separated the
sons of men, he fixed the bounds of the peoples according to
the number of the sons of God. For the LORDs portion is his
people, Jacob [Israel] his allotted heritage.'
(Deuteronomy 32:8-9 RSV)
These 'sons of God' in the following
verse are also called the 'host of heaven,' to whom God divided
to all the nations:
'And lest you lift up your eyes
to heaven, and when you see...all the host of heaven...which
the LORD your God has divided to all nations under the whole
(Deuteronomy 4:19 KJV)
These gods were secondary gods:
'For the LORD your God is God of
gods, and Lord of lords...'
(Deuteronomy 10:17 KJV) 'O
give thanks to the God of gods...' (Psalm 136:2 KJV)"
Also, the biblical god Yahweh is
not a person, alien or otherwise. "He" too is in large part a solar
myth. Regarding Yahweh, the Catholic Encyclopedia
"It seems likely that the name of
Ea, or Ya, or Aa, the oldest god of the Babylonian Pantheon, is
connected with the name Jahve, Jahu, or Ja, of the Old
The Babylonian "Ea"
is equivalent to Enlil (???), whom, as we have
seen, is a sun god.
(The following regarding Yahweh is an excerpt from The Christ
Conspiracy: The Greatest Story Ever Sold .)
Prior to being labeled Yahweh, the Israelite god was called "Baal."
signifying the sun in the Age of Taurus. When the sun passed into
Aries, "the Lord's" name was changed to the Egyptian Iao, which
became YHWH, IEUE, Yahweh, Jahweh, Jehovah and Jah. This ancient
name "IAO/Iao" represents the totality of "God," as the "I"
symbolizes unity, the "a" is the "alpha" or beginning, while the "o"
is the "omega" or end.
In fact, the name Yahweh, Iao, or any number of
variants thereof can be found in several cultures:
"In Phoenicia the Sun was known as
Adonis... identical with Iao, or, according to the
Chinese faith, Yao (Jehovah), the Sun, who makes his
appearance in the world 'at midnight of the twenty-fourth day of
the twelfth month.'"
YHWH/IEUE was additionally the Egyptian
sun god Ra:
"Ra was the father in heaven, who
has the title of 'Huhi' the eternal, from which the Hebrews
derived the name 'Ihuh.'"
Thus, the tetragrammaton or sacred name
of God IAO/IEUE/YHWH is very old, pre-Israelite, and can be
etymologically linked to numerous gods, even to "Jesus," or "Yahushua,"
whose name means "salvation" or "Iao/YHWH saves."
As Godfrey Higgins says in
"The pious Dr. Parkhurst... proves,
from the authority of Diodorus Siculus, Varro, St. Augustin,
etc., that the Iao, Jehovah, or ieue, or ie of the Jews, was the
Jove of the Latins and Etruscans.... he allows that this ie
was the name of Apollo... He then admits that this ieue
Jehovah is Jesus Christ in the following sentences:
'It would be almost endless to
quote all the passages of scripture wherein the name... (ieue)
is applied to Christ... they cannot miss of a
scriptural demonstration that Jesus is Jehovah.'
But we have seen it is admitted that
Jehovah is Jove, Apollo, Sol, whence it follows that Jesus is
Yahweh had yet another aspect to "his"
persona, as at some early stage the "sacred tetragrammaton" of "God"
was bi-gendered. As Walker states:
"Jewish mystical tradition viewed
the original Jehovah as an androgyny, his/her name compounded as
Jah (jod) and the pre-Hebraic name of Eve, Havah or Hawah,
rendered he-vau-he- in Hebrew letters. The four letters together
made the sacred tetragrammaton, YHWH, the secret name of God....
The Bible contains many plagiarized excerpts from earlier hymns
and prayers to Ishtar and other Goddess figures, with the name
of Yahweh substituted for that of the female deity."
Thus, even Yahweh was at one time
plural, but "he" eventually became an all-male, sky god. This
singular Yahweh was a warrior god, representing the sun in
Aries, which is ruled by the warlike Mars and symbolized by the Ram
- the same symbolic ram "caught in a thicket" near Abraham and used
by him as a replacement sacrifice for his son Isaac.
This warrior god Yahweh was not only
Jealous but Zealous, as his name is rendered in
Young's Literal Translation:
"...for ye do not bow yourselves to
another god - for Jehovah, whose name [is] Zealous, is a zealous
In fact, the same word in Hebrew is used
for both jealous and zealous, although is
transliterated differently, "qanna" being jealous and "qana,"
As El Elyon was but one of the Canaanite Elohim, the
Most High God, so was "Yahweh," as "El Qanna," the Jealous/Zealous
God, which is why in the Old Testament he keeps sticking his nose in
and shouting at everyone. The title "Jealous/Zealous" is also
appropriate for a god represented by a volcano, as was Yahweh
by the smoky and fiery Mt. Sinai.
Hence, Yahweh's followers themselves
were intolerant and hotheaded zealots.