The Evidence Mounts
"More and more we are finding that
mythology in general though greatly contorted very often has
some historic base. And the interesting thing is that one myth
which occurs over and over again in many parts of the world is
that somewhere a long time ago supernatural beings had sexual
intercourse with natural women and produced a special breed of
-Francis A. Schaeffer
Evidence for the existence of the Nephilim goes beyond the
The story of Lamech, found in the Genesis
Apocryphon, relates how Lamech had been away from home on a long
journey. When he finally came back, he discovered to his
chagrin, that his wife, Bat-Enosh (sometimes spelled as "Bit-
Enosh," i.e. the daughter of Enosh) had given birth to a baby
boy in his absence. He was sure that the child had not been
sired by him, and what is more, the child bore no resemblance to
him or to anyone else in the family.
Adding to the mystery was
the fact that the boy was extremely beautiful, and when he
opened his eyes he lighted up the whole house.
"I have begotten
a strange son," said Lamech, "...his nature is different and he
is not like us, and his eyes are as the rays of the sun, and his
countenance is glorious. And it seems to be that he is not
sprung from me but from the Angels..."
Lamech did what most husbands would have
done: he reproached his wife for infidelity.
swore by all that was sacred that Lamech himself must have fathered
the child. She had not known any other man, not a stranger and note
this - not a Watcher or Heavenly Being.
How enlightening for our study! Who were these Watchers or Heavenly
Beings? According to the Book of Daniel they were fallen angels
(Daniel 4:13,17, 23).
Here is the statement made by Bat-Enosh as it reads in the Lamech
"My lord and kinsman, remember my
delicate feelings. How (ever), the occasion is indeed alarming,
and my soul (is writhing) in it's sheath. I will tell you
Then she saw how perturbed her husband
was, and decided to repress her passion and indignation a little:
"My lord and kinsman, (I will
ignore) delicate feelings and swear to you by the Holy (and)
Great One, the Sovereign of heaven (and earth) that this seed
came from you, conception was by you, and this fruit was planted
by you and not by some stranger or any of the Watchers or
heavenly beings. (Have done with) this troubled and marred
expression and this gloomy mood. I am telling you the truth."
Lamech by this time must have begun to
realize that the child born could have been conceived by one of
these Watchers or Heavenly Beings. If so, his child belonged to
OF NOAH'S BIRTH
Not completely sure as to what to believe, Lamech sought the advice
of his father on the matter.
Methuselah listened attentively as Lamech revealed this strange story, then promised his son that he
would seek the advice of his father, the wise and godly Enoch. Since
the family's reputation was at stake, something had to be done.
Enoch, whose name meant "the intelligent" or "the learned," sensed
the meaning of what had happened. He sent Methuselah home with the
disturbing news that the Earth would soon be visited by a terrible
catastrophe and judgment. It was clear that corruption had taken
place, and that the human race had become tainted.
God would soon be
moving in judgment, and human flesh would perish. And as for this
little boy, whose birth remained a mystery, he should be raised by Lamech, and should be called Noah. What is more, little Noah had
been specially chosen by God to survive this coming judgment, and
would be the progenitor of the new inhabitants of planet Earth.
Despite the mystery surrounding his birth, Noah could not be one of
the Nephilim, as we shall see in a later chapter. There is no doubt,
however, that the unusual circumstances of his birth convinced
Enoch, Methuselah, Lamech and Bat-Enosh that strange things were
happening on the Earth.
The Genesis Apocryphon is not the only extrabiblical documentation.
Numerous other documents indicate the existence of the Nephilim. I
do not place these documents on par with Scripture, nevertheless
they seem to corroborate Scripture. My sole purpose for introducing
them is simply to state that they exist and that they share common
features with the Scriptures.
My task is similar to that of Montaigne:
"Gentlemen, all I have done is make
a bouquet from flowers already picked, adding nothing but the
string to tie them together."
One such document is the Book of Enoch.
This is a composite volume, and, although not know in Europe until
the 18th Century, it was a veritable best-seller in the days of
Christ. In the centuries immediately preceding and following the
coming of Christ, this book was widely read and discussed, and its
impact was tremendous.
Without question it is the most notable
apocalyptical work outside the canonical Scriptures. R. H. Charles,
an outstanding authority in this field tells us that,
"the influence of
1 Enoch on the New
Testament has been greater than that of all the other apocryphal
and pseudoepigraphical books put together."
For one thing, the book of Enoch gave to
the world the concept of a pre-existent Messiah, and by so doing
prepared the way for Christian doctrine.
It was from this same book
that the Manual of Discipline (found at Qumran) received its solar
calendar. What is more, this book became so influential that it
became an exemplar and a catalyst for the burgeoning apocalyptic
literature of the time. Indeed, it can be claimed, that the Book of
Enoch was one of the most important apocalyptic books ever written.
Tertullian and some of the other Church Fathers considered it of
such import that they included it as part of the sacred canon of
Scripture. Jude 14 is a direct quote from Enoch 1:9, 5:4, and 27:2.
There is also in the Book of Enoch a doctrine that one finds nowhere
else. Other authors tell us that each nation has its sar or parton,
and that of Israel was Michael, or sometimes God Himself.
in the Book of Enoch we are told that,
"God was Israel's shepherd till the
last years of the Kingdom of Judah; then in disgust He turned
them over, not to their own guardian, but to the sarim of the
An amazing book! Such a doctrine
prefigures and predicts the "times of the Gentiles" mentioned in the
Yet, of all mysteries, this book remained neglected for more
than 1,800 years, and continues to remain neglected, and even
shunned, in the 20th Century.
Who was this Enoch, whose name is attached to the book?
mentioned in the Scriptures, but we are told little about him. Just
four verses in all - two in the Old Testament, and two in the New.
That little, however, is sufficient to distinguish him as one of the
outstanding men of all times. He is listed as the seventh of the ten
patriarchs between Adam and Noah. He was the father of Methuselah,
the man holding the world's record for longevity. Interestingly,
Enoch became a believer and started "walking with God" after his son
was born. Soon he became known for his exceptional piety and
The most remarkable fact of all is that he did not die.
"Enoch walked with God; and he was not, for
God took him."
He is one
of the only two men mentioned in the Bible who were translated to
Heaven without tasting death.
In the Book of Enoch other significant facts are given about this
patriarch. It claims that Enoch will return to Earth at the end of
time, and that he will be one of the two martyrs (or witnesses)
slain on the streets of Jerusalem.
The Book of Yasher adds still more detail. It tells how Enoch would
periodically withdraw himself from earthly company, and visit the
ten heavens. He would then return to Earth with a divine luster on
his face, just as Moses emerged from the presence of God on Mt.
Sinai, and knew not that his face shone. Such was the regard in
which Enoch was held by some of the Jewish mystics that they
referred to him as "the lesser Yahweh" - a title bordering on the
In the Book of Jude (verses 14-15), we are told of a prophecy
made concerning the coming of the Lord. This may well be the oldest
literary statement in existence.
In it, Enoch predicts:
"Behold, the Lord cometh with ten
thousands of his saints, to execute judgment upon all, and to
convince all that are ungodly among them of all their ungodly
deeds which they have ungodly committed, and of all their hard
speeches which ungodly sinners have spoken against him."
It is obvious that Jude had access to
the Book of Enoch, and he did not hesitate to quote from it.
Most scholars claim that the Book of Enoch could not have been
written by the Enoch of the Bible. Because of this, the book is
labeled a pseudoepigrapha. What happened, they suggest, is that a
much later author compiled the work - probably around the 2nd Century
B.C. - and used a number of different sources. The author then added
the name of the biblical Enoch. In this way, he was assured of the
Whether or not this was so, is not our present
concern. But even if it were true, it is obvious that the compiler
of the book must have used ancient sources that were at his
disposal. He was not so much the author as the compiler or redactor
of the book. What could be more honest, more modest, than for a
compiler to attach to his book not his own name but that of his
And who older than Enoch?
Enoch obviously had access to knowledge and information completely
beyond the reach of mortal man at that stage in man's development.
Some of this knowledge Enoch couches in terminology that is
allegorical and symbolical, and its meaning frequently escapes us.
However, beneath the abstruse verbal descriptions there is some
amazing data. The fact that it is conveyed in imaginative and
allegorical terminology should not be allowed to detract from its
The important question in considering the Book of Enoch is whether
it contains any reference to the strange and bizarre event recorded
in Genesis 6? Does it have anything to say about the "sons of God"
and the "daughters of men" coming together in sexual union? Yes it
does, many times. It contributes a number of details not found in
the Genesis record. But none of these facts contradict in any way
what is told us in Genesis. Instead, they elaborate on the facts
already given. What, then, is this additional information?
One item of interest is Enoch's account of a visit to the "fifth
heaven," where he saw giants with their "faces withered, and the
silence of their mouth perpetual." Enoch calls them the "Grogori" or
"fallen angels," who broke their vows, married the daughters of men,
and "befouled the earth with their deeds."
He also mentions that
"giants were born and marvelous big men and great enmity."
Significantly, the Book of Enoch (like the Genesis Apocryphon)
refers to these "sons of God" as Watchers.
A term, as already noted,
found in the Book of Daniel. (5) Why this particular word should be
used, we are not told; possibly because part of their function was
to keep vigil. R.H.C. Charles, who translates the word "watchers" as
"the angels, the children of heaven," obviously believed they
referred to one and the same beings.
The Book of Enoch alleges that two hundred of these Watchers
descended to Earth in the days of Jared (Genesis 5:18), and some of
them are given names. The worst one of all is called Azazel. The
name occurs in other Jewish documents, like the Apocalypse of
Abraham. Azazel is accused of having "scattered over the earth the
secrets of heaven and hath rebelled against the Mighty One." His
name is also found in ancient Jewish ritual concerning the Day of
On that day, the iniquities of the people of Israel were
laid on the scapegoat, and then the scapegoat was driven away "to Azazel, to the wilderness" (Leviticus 16). Azazel was a demon who
inhabited a region in the Judean wilderness.
There is an interesting aside on Azazel in a brilliant essay by
Jacob Z. Lauterbach explaining certain "stray references to the
activity of Satan on Yom Kippur." The ritual of that day, said
Lauterbach, sought to negate Satan's efforts in three ways: The
Azazel sacrifice to appease him; the smoke of the incense to drive
him away; and the white robes of the High Priest, so different from
his usual vestments, a disguise to mislead him.
In the Book of Jubilees a different reason is given as to why
Watchers came to Earth. It was in order "to instruct the children of
men and to bring about justice and equity on the Earth."
the story ends in the same way: instead of instigating justice and
equity, they lusted after the women of Earth, and merited the full
judgment of God.
OF THE COSMETIC TRADE
According to the Book of Enoch, these Watchers instructed the people
of Earth in many studies, including the use of charms and
enchantments, the arts of magic, and the secrets of the cosmetic
And the Book of Jubilees adds to the list, "a medical herbal"
which Noah wrote down at the dictation of the angels.
It is interesting how the early Church Fathers used some of these
details for preaching purposes and moralistic instruction. Foremost
among these was Tertullian, and certainly one of the most original.
He asks with astringent irony why should the angels have to instruct
the women of Earth in the cosmetic arts?
Surely, if they had
succeeded in charming angels without any cosmetic aids, it were an
easy matter to charm men!
ASTROLOGY, WEAPONS, ET AL
Another study in which the Watchers instructed earthlings was
astrology, with all its concomitant evils.
And last but not least,
they instructed men how to fashion weapons of destruction,
particularly swords, knives and shields. Comyns Beumont deduces that
they also made ammunition, and even explosives.
The Book of Enoch confirms the Book of Genesis to the letter when it
"There arose much godlessness, and
they committed fornication, and they were led astray, and became
corrupt in all their ways." (8)
Things got so bad on planet Earth,
according to the Book of Enoch, that the archangels of heaven - Michael, Uriel and Gabriel
- reported the matter to the Most
The whole earth has been filled with
blood and unrighteousness. And now, behold, the souls of those
who have died are crying and making their suit to the gates of
heaven, and their lamentations have ascended; and cannot cease
because of the lawless deeds which are wrought upon the earth.
God was moved to anger at these Watchers, because of the horrible
practices that they had introduced upon the Earth.
And there was
something else: God was angry at the fact that they had disclosed
certain secrets, and were teaching them to their sons, the Nephilim.
We are not told exactly what these secrets were, except that they
were "eternal secrets" which men of Earth were striving to learn,
and which God did not intend for fallen man to discover.
Things deteriorated rapidly, and soon the Nephilim were practicing
the most repulsive and revolting behavior. They began to "devour one
another's flesh, and drink the blood." This cannibalism shocked even
the depraved citizens of Earth, to the extent that they brought
accusation against the Watchers.
Enoch is instructed by the Most High to deliver this warning to the
"Enoch, thou scribe of
righteousness, go, declare to the watchers of heaven, who have
left the high heaven, the holy eternal place, and have defiled
themselves with women, and have done as the children of earth
do, and have taken unto themselves wives: 'Ye have wrought great
destruction on the earth: And ye shall have no peace nor
forgiveness of sin.'"
These same Watchers in turn approached
Enoch to mediate on their behalf, and to write out a petition in
God, however, rejects the petition and Enoch is
summoned to speak to the Watchers again:
"Go, say to the Watchers of heaven,
who have sent thee to intercede for them: 'Ye should intercede
for men, and not men for you. Wherefore have ye left high, holy
and eternal heaven, and lain with women and defiled yourselves
with the daughters of men, and taken wives unto yourselves and
done like the child of earth and begotten giants as sons. And
although ye were holy, spiritual living and eternal life, you
have defiled yourselves with the blood of women, and have
begotten children with the blood of flesh, have lusted after
flesh and blood as those who do die and perish.'"
And as for
the giants or
produced by them:
"The giants, who are produced from
the spirits and flesh, shall be called evil spirits upon the
earth...Evil spirits have proceeded from their bodies; because
they are born from men and from the holy Watchers is their
beginning and primal origin... And the spirits of the giants
afflict, oppress, attack, do battle, and work destruction on the
And these spirits shall rise up against the children of
men and against the women, because they have proceeded from
them...thus shall they destroy until the day of the
consummation, the great judgment in which the age shall be
consummated over the Watchers and the godless, yea, shall be
wholly consummated. And now as to the Watchers... say to them
therefore: 'Ye have no peace.'"
Such was the message given to Enoch, who
transmitted it to the Watchers and their progeny on Earth.
The next question is: How was this information preserved for us? How
did the succeeding generation learn these facts?
The Book of Enoch
supplies the answer:
"And now, my son Methuselah, I tell
thee everything and write it down for thee: I have revealed
everything to thee, and handed thee the books which have to do
with all these things. My son Methuselah, preserve the books
that come from thy father's hand and hand them on to the coming
generations of the world."
Enoch was also given a message to
deliver to Noah, telling him that the whole Earth was to be
destroyed. He was also to instruct Noah in the way of escape, so
that his seed be preserved for all generations.
Unquestionably, the Book of Enoch confirms the biblical record that
the Earth was defiled and polluted by the incursion of
extraterrestrial beings, and particularly by their shameful behavior
with the "daughters of men."
And as in the Book of Genesis, so in
the Book of Enoch, God is incensed with this sexual coupling between
celestial and terrestrial beings, and begins to move in an act of
"And the Lord said, I will destroy
man whom I have created from the face of the earth" (Genesis
THE SONS OF
Other books, like The Book of Jubilee add a few more details to this
It reveals the date when these heavenly Watchers
descended to Earth - 461 Annus Mundi, a date which Bishop Usher would
interpret as 3543 B.C. It also notes that these Watchers were
specifically associated with Jared, the fifth in line from Adam.
Interestingly, there is an American organization called "The Sons of
Their publication is called, "The Jaredite Advocate." The
aim of this group, as far as one is able to understand is to declare
war on all the descendants of the Watchers - including notorious
kings and dictators, who have tyrannized mankind. A sort of
Regarding this association with Jared, the Book of Jubilees tells
"And in the second week of the tenth
jubilee of Mahalelel took unto him a wife Dinah, the daughter of
Barakel, the daughter of his brother's brother and she bore him
a son in the sixth year and he called his name Jared for in his
days the angels of the Lord descended on the earth, those so
named the Watchers." (9)
Another minor source of data is the
Zadokite Document. This was
discovered about a half century ago in the attic of an old synagogue
in Cairo and is thought to be related to the Dead Sea Scrolls.
document also refers to the descent of the Watchers, and to their
"Because they walked in the
stubbornness of their hearts, the Watchers of heaven fell, yea,
they were caught thereby because they kept not the commandments
of God. So too their sons whose bodies were as mountains. They
also fell." (10)
Apocalypse of Baruch is another
ancient document which confirms the story of the fallen angels.
Written in Syriac, it adds this new concept to the story of the
fallen angels: that the source of the corruption was the sinfulness
of mankind. It was human sin that caused the angels to fall.
A series of booklets called The Testament of the Twelve Patriarchs,
purporting to come from the twelve sons of Jacob,
(11) also refer to
the fallen angels. They contain nothing like the detail of the Book
of Enoch, but they do make an interesting statement: the women of
Earth were the prime movers in alluring and enticing the angels.
this they agree with the Apocalypse of Baruch.
They also introduce a
brand new element, suggesting that the act in which the angels and
the women participated was more psychological than physical:
"Thus they allured the Watchmen
before the flood, for as these continually beheld them, they
lusted after them and conceived the act in their mind; for they
changed themselves into the shape of men and appeared to them
when they were with their husbands; and the women, lusting in
their minds after their forms, gave birth to giants."
It appears from this Testament of the
Twelve Patriarchs that the "lusting" and the "conceiving" were in
the mind. Nonetheless, the results were physical enough - they gave
birth to giants!
Jewish documents are not the only ones which refer to fallen angels.
The Koran contains brief reference to two angels, Harut and
came to Earth. Their fall takes place when a beautiful woman appears
before them. The angels had been warned in advance that there were
three things they were not to do: admit existence of other gods;
murder; drink intoxicants. It was precisely these three things that
the charming woman demanded, if the angels were to enjoy her favors.
Finally the angels agreed to drink wine
- as the least of the three
sins - and their paramour granted their desires.
Another source of information is the abundance of myths, legends,
folklore and fables that speak of "giants" upon the Earth in ancient
times, and how there was sexual union between demi-gods from Heaven
and women from Earth.
Many scholars believe that myths emerged from
a kernel of historical fact. According to Andrew Tomas, mythology
and folklore are "thought- fossils depicting the story of vanished
cultures in symbols and allegories." If this is so, do we find
anything in myths and legends resembling the bizarre event of
Genesis 6? There are indeed numerous such traditions among many
Most people are acquainted with the mythologies of ancient Greece
and Rome. The gods or semi-gods in these traditions go under
different names, but their behavior has a common denominator.
Whether these gods are called Zeus or Jupiter, Poseidon or Neptune,
Aphrodite or Venus, Eros or Cupid...their sex orgies, promiscuities,
cruelties and violence are all of the same cloth. And so are their
The Genesis story, according to Tom Horner, corresponds precisely to
the Age of the Heroes in ancient Greece. These heroes were also
"spawned by divine fathers and human mothers. One of them was
The story of Zeus also is well known. Promotheus was aware of the
secret that Zeus had no control over his lusts, and aware also of
the names of the women whom he would seduce. Because of this and
other reasons, Zeus planned for Promotheus to be chained in the
Caucasius, where an eagle would feed on his liver each day.
night his liver would be renewed. In this way, the torture of Promotheus was endless. Eventually however, he and Zeus were
reconciled. But cruelty was not the only distinctive of Zeus. There
seemed to be no boundaries or limits to his lust, and numerous women
were seduced by him, including Thetis, Europa, Leda, Metis and Dione.
Emile Gaverluk says:
"Zeus' amorous victories illustrate
the. actions of uncontrolled spirit-beings lusting after human
flesh. The whole story of Greek mythology is an expanded version
of that astonishing verse in the Bible: 'The sons of God saw the
daughters of men that they were fair, and took them wives of all
they chose.' (Genesis 6.-2)...The mythology of the past is a
startling revelation of the uncontrolled behavior of both
spirit-beings and rebellious man."
But the mythologies of Greece and
are not the only ones that relate such strange events. Erich Von Daniken has supplied us with a wealth of samples from around the
We admit that his speculative outbursts frequently
outmatch his theological soundness, nevertheless we are indebted to
him for bringing to our attention many incontrovertible facts which
others had left buried and undisturbed.
Ancient Sumerian records tell of
gods descending from the stars and fertilizing their ancestors.
This interbreeding of gods from heaven and women from earth is
supposed to have produced the first men upon earth.
The native inhabitants of Malekula,
in the New Hebrides believe that the first race of men were
direct descendants of the sons of heaven.
The Incas held that they were the
descendants of the "sons of the Sun."
The Teutons claimed that their
ancestors came with the flying Wanen.
Some of the South Sea islanders
trace their ancestry to one of the gods of heaven, who visited
them in an enormous gleaming egg.
The Koreans believed that a heavenly
king, "Hwanin," sent his son, "Hwanung," to earth, married an
earth woman who gave birth to Tangun Wanggom. It was he who was
supposed to have welded all the primitive tribes together into
The ancient tradition Tango-Fudoki
in Japan tells the story of the Island Child. The only
difference here is that it was a man from earth and a maiden
from heaven that came together in marriage, and spent their time
together in heaven and not on earth.
From India comes the Mahabharata and
other ancient Sanskrit texts, which tell of "gods" begetting
children with women of earth, and how these children inherited
the "supernatural" skills and learning of their fathers.
A similar mythology is found in the
Epic of Gilgamesh, where we read of "watchers" from outer space
coming to planet Earth, and producing giants.
An early Persian myth tells that
before the coming of Zoroaster, demons had corrupted the Earth,
and allied themselves with women.
When these and many other accounts, are
all tied together, they amaze us by their common core.
refers, with slight variations, to the traffic between "the sons of
God" and "the daughters of men"; to the sexual activities in which
they engaged; and to the unusual and abnormal offspring they
produced. A further convincing element in this string of samples, is
that these myths and legends belong to people so far removed from
each other by time, space and language that collaboration or
conspiracy is out of the question.
How then does one explain this
Could it be, that at some distant point in time these bizarre events
actually did take place?
Rather than being the fertile product of
the imagination of primitive man, they were simply man's crude
description of what actually happened? Beings from Heaven and beings
from Earth did actually come together, did generate children, and
did produce the Nephilim.
Later, of course, many of these myths and legends developed an
overgrowth of fictional imagery and imaginative fantasy, which clung
to them like moss to the mill. There can be little doubt, however,
that beneath this dense overgrowth lies the plant of truth. What
began history, ended up as legend.
Above all else, we are convinced that the Bible speaks of these
things. The basic message of the apocryphal documents and the
various mythologies find corroboration in God's Word. Spirit beings
from outer space did arrive on Earth, and did produce these
unnatural offspring. By this cross-breeding, man became more and
more absorbed with evil and violence; the human race became tainted
and corrupted; and soon the Earth was unsalvagable.
extraterrestrial being by means of genetic manipulation had
succeeded in contaminating God's special creation; so much so, that
their destruction, as well as that of man became a moral necessity.
1. R. H. C.
Charles, Fragments of the Book of Noah (London: Oxford
2. Theodor H. Gaster, The Dead Sea Scriptures
(Garden City, New York: Doubleday and Co., Inc., 1956), p.
3. Michel Eyquem de Montaign (1533-92).
4. Bernard J. Bamberger, Fallen Angels
(Philadelphia: The Jewish Publication Society of America,
1952), p. 25.
5. Daniel 4:13, 17, 23.
6. Jacob Z. Lauterbach, Hebrew Union
College Annual, IV, 173ff.
7. Comyns Beaumont, The Riddle of Prehistoric
Britain (London: Rider & Co., Ltd.).
8. Trans. by R.H.C. Charles, (London).
9. Dr. R.H.C. Charles, The Book of
Jubilees (London: A & C Black, 1902).
10. Theodore H. Gaster, The Scriptures of the Dead
Sea Sect (London: Secker & Wartburg, 1957).
11. Bernard J. Bamberger, Fallen Angels
(Philadelphia: The Jewish Publication Society of America,
1952), p. 27.
12. Ibid., p. 31.
13. Andrew Tomas, We Are Not The First (New York:
Bantam Books, Inc., 1973).
14. Tom Hoover, Sex in the Bible (Rutland, Vermont:
Charles E. Tuttle Co., 1974), p. 145.
15. Emil Gaverluk, Did Genesis Man Conquer Space?
(Nashville: Thomas Nelson, Inc., 1974), p. 89.
16. Erich Von Daniken, Gods from Outer Space (New
York: Bantam Books, Inc., 1972) pp. 161-162.