BOOK OF ENOCH
From-The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha of the Old Testament
Oxford: The Clarendon Press
Scanned and Edited by
Northwest Nazarene College, 1995
Section I. Chapters I-XXXVI
1 The words of the blessing of Enoch, wherewith he blessed the elect and righteous, who
will be 2 living in the day of tribulation, when all the wicked and godless are to be
removed. And he took up his parable and said -Enoch a righteous man, whose eyes were
opened by God, saw the vision of the Holy One in the heavens, which the angels showed
me, and from them I heard everything, and from them I understood as I saw, but not for
this generation, but for a remote one which is 3 for to come. Concerning the elect I said,
and took up my parable concerning them:
The Holy Great One will come forth from His dwelling,
4 And the eternal God will tread upon the earth, (even) on Mount Sinai,
[And appear from His camp]
And appear in the strength of His might from the heaven of heavens.
5 And all shall be smitten with fear
And the Watchers shall quake,
And great fear and trembling shall seize them unto the ends of the earth.
6 And the high mountains shall be shaken,
And the high hills shall be made low,
And shall melt like wax before the flame
7 And the earth shall be wholly rent in sunder,
And all that is upon the earth shall perish,
And there shall be a judgement upon all (men).
8 But with the righteous He will make peace.
And will protect the elect,
And mercy shall be upon them.
And they shall all belong to God,
And they shall be prospered,
And they shall all be blessed.
And He will help them all,
And light shall appear unto them,
And He will make peace with them'.
9 And behold! He cometh with ten thousands of His holy ones
To execute judgement upon all,
And to destroy all the ungodly:
And to convict all flesh
Of all the works of their ungodliness which they have ungodly committed,
And of all the hard things which ungodly sinners have spoken against Him.
1 Observe ye everything that takes place in the heaven, how they do not change their
orbits, and the luminaries which are in the heaven, how they all rise and set in order each
in its season, and 2 transgress not against their appointed order. Behold ye the earth, and
give heed to the things which take place upon it from first to last, how steadfast they are,
how none of the things upon earth 3 change, but all the works of God appear to you.
Behold the summer and the winter, how the whole earth is filled with water, and clouds
and dew and rain lie upon it.
Observe and see how (in the winter) all the trees seem as though they had withered and
shed all their leaves, except fourteen trees, which do not lose their foliage but retain the
old foliage from two to three years till the new comes.
And again, observe ye the days of summer how the sun is above the earth over against it.
And you seek shade and shelter by reason of the heat of the sun, and the earth also burns
with growing heat, and so you cannot tread on the earth, or on a rock by reason of its
1 Observe ye how the trees cover themselves with green leaves and bear fruit: wherefore
give ye heed and know with regard to all His works, and recognize how He that liveth for
ever hath made them so. 2 And all His works go on thus from year to year for ever, and all
the tasks which they accomplish for Him, and their tasks change not, but according as God
hath ordained so is it done. 3 And behold how the sea and the rivers in like manner
accomplish and change not their tasks from His commandments'.
4 But ye -ye have not been steadfast, nor done the commandments of the Lord,
But ye have turned away and spoken proud and hard words
With your impure mouths against His greatness.
Oh, ye hard-hearted, ye shall find no peace.
5 Therefore shall ye execrate your days,
And the years of your life shall perish,
And the years of your destruction shall be multiplied in eternal execration,
And ye shall find no mercy.
6a In those days ye shall make your names an eternal execration unto all the
b And by you shall all who curse, curse,
And all the sinners and godless shall imprecate by you,
7c And for you the godless there shall be a curse.
6d And all the . . . shall rejoice,
e And there shall be forgiveness of sins,
f And every mercy and peace and forbearance:
g There shall be salvation unto them, a goodly light.
I And for all of you sinners there shall be no salvation,
j But on you all shall abide a curse.
7a But for the elect there shall be light and joy and peace,
b And they shall inherit the earth.
8 And then there shall be bestowed upon the elect wisdom,
And they shall all live and never again sin,
Either through ungodliness or through pride:
But they who are wise shall be humble.
9 And they shall not again transgress,
Nor shall they sin all the days of their life,
Nor shall they die of (the divine) anger or wrath,
But they shall complete the number of the days of their life.
And their lives shall be increased in peace,
And the years of their joy shall be multiplied,
In eternal gladness and peace,
All the days of their life.
1 And it came to pass when the children of men had multiplied that in those days were
born unto 2 them beautiful and comely daughters. And the angels, the children of the
heaven, saw and lusted after them, and said to one another: 'Come, let us choose us wives
from among the children of men 3 and beget us children.' And Semjaza, who was their
leader, said unto them: 'I fear ye will not 4 indeed agree to do this deed, and I alone shall
have to pay the penalty of a great sin.' And they all answered him and said: 'Let us all
swear an oath, and all bind ourselves by mutual imprecations 5 not to abandon this plan
but to do this thing.' Then sware they all together and bound themselves 6 by mutual
imprecations upon it. And they were in all two hundred; who descended in the days of
Jared on the summit of Mount Hermon, and they called it Mount Hermon, because they
had sworn 7 and bound themselves by mutual imprecations upon it. And these are the
names of their leaders: Samlazaz, their leader, Araklba, Rameel, Kokablel, Tamlel,
Ramlel, Danel, Ezeqeel, Baraqijal, 8 Asael, Armaros, Batarel, Ananel, Zaq1el, Samsapeel,
Satarel, Turel, Jomjael, Sariel. These are their chiefs of tens.
1 And all the others together with them took unto themselves wives, and each chose for
himself one, and they began to go in unto them and to defile themselves with them, and
they taught them charms 2 and enchantments, and the cutting of roots, and made them
acquainted with plants. And they 3 became pregnant, and they bare great giants, whose
height was three thousand ells: Who consumed 4 all the acquisitions of men. And when
men could no longer sustain them, the giants turned against 5 them and devoured
mankind. And they began to sin against birds, and beasts, and reptiles, and 6 fish, and to
devour one another's flesh, and drink the blood. Then the earth laid accusation against the
1 And Azazel taught men to make swords, and knives, and shields, and breastplates, and
made known to them the metals of the earth and the art of working them, and bracelets,
and ornaments, and the use of antimony, and the beautifying of the eyelids, and all kinds of
costly stones, and all 2 colouring tinctures. And there arose much godlessness, and they
committed fornication, and they 3 were led astray, and became corrupt in all their ways.
Semjaza taught enchantments, and root-cuttings, 'Armaros the resolving of enchantments,
Baraqijal (taught) astrology, Kokabel the constellations, Ezeqeel the knowledge of the
clouds, Araqiel the signs of the earth, Shamsiel the signs of the sun, and Sariel the course
of the moon. And as men perished, they cried, and their cry went up to heaven . . .
1 And then Michael, Uriel, Raphael, and Gabriel looked down from heaven and saw much
blood being 2 shed upon the earth, and all lawlessness being wrought upon the earth. And
they said one to another: 'The earth made without inhabitant cries the voice of their
cryingst up to the gates of heaven. 3 And now to you, the holy ones of heaven, the souls
of men make their suit, saying, "Bring our cause 4 before the Most High."' And they said
to the Lord of the ages: 'Lord of lords, God of gods, King of kings, and God of the ages,
the throne of Thy glory (standeth) unto all the generations of the 5 ages, and Thy name
holy and glorious and blessed unto all the ages! Thou hast made all things, and power
over all things hast Thou: and all things are naked and open in Thy sight, and Thou seest
all 6 things, and nothing can hide itself from Thee. Thou seest what Azazel hath done,
who hath taught all unrighteousness on earth and revealed the eternal secrets which were
(preserved) in heaven, which 7 men were striving to learn: And Semjaza, to whom Thou
hast given authority to bear rule over his associates. And they have gone to the daughters
of men upon the earth, and have slept with the 9 women, and have defiled themselves, and
revealed to them all kinds of sins. And the women have 10 borne giants, and the whole
earth has thereby been filled with blood and unrighteousness. And now, behold, the souls
of those who have died are crying and making their suit to the gates of heaven, and their
lamentations have ascended: and cannot cease because of the lawless deeds which are 11
wrought on the earth. And Thou knowest all things before they come to pass, and Thou
seest these things and Thou dost suffer them, and Thou dost not say to us what we are to
do to them in regard to these.'
1 Then said the Most High, the Holy and Great One spake, and sent Uriel to the son of
Lamech, 2 and said to him: 'Go to Noah and tell him in my name "Hide thyself!" and
reveal to him the end that is approaching: that the whole earth will be destroyed, and a
deluge is about to come 3 upon the whole earth, and will destroy all that is on it. And
now instruct him that he may escape 4 and his seed may be preserved for all the
generations of the world.' And again the Lord said to Raphael: 'Bind Azazel hand and
foot, and cast him into the darkness: and make an opening 5 in the desert, which is in
Dudael, and cast him therein. And place upon him rough and jagged rocks, and cover him
with darkness, and let him abide there for ever, and cover his face that he may 6,7 not see
light. And on the day of the great judgement he shall be cast into the fire. And heal the
earth which the angels have corrupted, and proclaim the healing of the earth, that they may
heal the plague, and that all the children of men may not perish through all the secret
things that the 8 Watchers have disclosed and have taught their sons. And the whole earth
has been corrupted 9 through the works that were taught by Azazel: to him ascribe all
sin.' And to Gabriel said the Lord: 'Proceed against the bastards and the reprobates, and
against the children of fornication: and destroy [the children of fornication and] the
children of the Watchers from amongst men [and cause them to go forth]: send them one
against the other that they may destroy each other in 10 battle: for length of days shall
they not have. And no request that they (i.e. their fathers) make of thee shall be granted
unto their fathers on their behalf; for they hope to live an eternal life, and 11 that each one
of them will live five hundred years.' And the Lord said unto Michael: 'Go, bind Semjaza
and his associates who have united themselves with women so as to have defiled
themselves 12 with them in all their uncleanness. And when their sons have slain one
another, and they have seen the destruction of their beloved ones, bind them fast for
seventy generations in the valleys of the earth, till the day of their judgement and of their
consummation, till the judgement that is 13 for ever and ever is consummated. In those
days they shall be led off to the abyss of fire: and 14 to the torment and the prison in
which they shall be confined for ever. And whosoever shall be condemned and destroyed
will from thenceforth be bound together with them to the end of all 15 generations. And
destroy all the spirits of the reprobate and the children of the Watchers, because 16 they
have wronged mankind. Destroy all wrong from the face of the earth and let every evil
work come to an end: and let the plant of righteousness and truth appear: and it shall
prove a blessing; the works of righteousness and truth' shall be planted in truth and joy for
17 And then shall all the righteous escape,
And shall live till they beget thousands of children,
And all the days of their youth and their old age
Shall they complete in peace.
18 And then shall the whole earth be tilled in righteousness, and shall all be planted with
trees and 19 be full of blessing. And all desirable trees shall be planted on it, and they shall
plant vines on it: and the vine which they plant thereon shall yield wine in abundance, and
as for all the seed which is sown thereon each measure (of it) shall bear a thousand, and
each measure of olives shall yield 20 ten presses of oil. And cleanse thou the earth from
all oppression, and from all unrighteousness, and from all sin, and from all godlessness:
and all the uncleanness that is wrought upon the earth 21 destroy from off the earth. And
all the children of men shall become righteous, and all nations 22 shall offer adoration and
shall praise Me, and all shall worship Me. And the earth shall be cleansed from all
defilement, and from all sin, and from all punishment, and from all torment, and I will
never again send (them) upon it from generation to generation and for ever.
1 And in those days I will open the store chambers of blessing which are in the heaven, so
as to send 2 them down upon the earth over the work and labour of the children of men.
And truth and peace shall be associated together throughout all the days of the world and
throughout all the generations of men.'
1 Before these things Enoch was hidden, and no one of the children of men knew where
he was 2 hidden, and where he abode, and what had become of him. And his activities
had to do with the Watchers, and his days were with the holy ones. 3 And I Enoch was
blessing the Lord of majesty and the King of the ages, and lo! the Watchers 4 called me -Enoch the scribe- and said to me: 'Enoch, thou scribe of righteousness, go, declare to the
Watchers of the heaven who have left the high heaven, the holy eternal place, and have
defiled themselves with women, and have done as the children of earth do, and have taken
unto themselves 5 wives: "Ye have wrought great destruction on the earth: And ye shall
have no peace nor forgiveness 6 of sin: and inasmuch as they delight themselves in their
children, The murder of their beloved ones shall they see, and over the destruction of their
children shall they lament, and shall make supplication unto eternity, but mercy and peace
shall ye not attain."'
1 And Enoch went and said: 'Azazel, thou shalt have no peace: a severe sentence has
gone forth 2 against thee to put thee in bonds: And thou shalt not have toleration nor
request granted to thee, because of the unrighteousness which thou hast taught, and
because of all the works of godlessness 3 and unrighteousness and sin which thou hast
shown to men.' Then I went and spoke to them all 4 together, and they were all afraid,
and fear and trembling seized them. And they besought me to draw up a petition for them
that they might find forgiveness, and to read their petition in the presence 5 of the Lord of
heaven. For from thenceforward they could not speak (with Him) nor lift up their 6 eyes
to heaven for shame of their sins for which they had been condemned. Then I wrote out
their petition, and the prayer in regard to their spirits and their deeds individually and in
regard to their 7 requests that they should have forgiveness and length. And I went off
and sat down at the waters of Dan, in the land of Dan, to the south of the west of
Hermon: I read their petition till I fell 8 asleep. And behold a dream came to me, and
visions fell down upon me, and I saw visions of chastisement, and a voice came bidding
(me) I to tell it to the sons of heaven, and reprimand them. 9 And when I awaked, I came
unto them, and they were all sitting gathered together, weeping in 10 'Abelsjail, which is
between Lebanon and Seneser, with their faces covered. And I recounted before them all
the visions which I had seen in sleep, and I began to speak the words of righteousness, and
to reprimand the heavenly Watchers.
1 The book of the words of righteousness, and of the reprimand of the eternal
accordance 2 with the command of the Holy Great One in that vision. I saw in my sleep
what I will now say with a tongue of flesh and with the breath of my mouth: which the
Great One has given to men to 3 converse therewith and understand with the heart. As
He has created and given to man the power of understanding the word of wisdom, so hath
He created me also and given me the power of reprimanding 4 the Watchers, the children
of heaven. I wrote out your petition, and in my vision it appeared thus, that your petition
will not be granted unto you throughout all the days of eternity, and that judgement 5 has
been finally passed upon you: yea (your petition) will not be granted unto you. And from
henceforth you shall not ascend into heaven unto all eternity, and in bonds of the earth the
decree 6 has gone forth to bind you for all the days of the world. And (that) previously
you shall have seen the destruction of your beloved sons and ye shall have no pleasure in
them, but they shall fall before 7 you by the sword. And your petition on their behalf shall
not be granted, nor yet on your own: even though you weep and pray and speak all the
words contained in the writing which I have 8 written. And the vision was shown to me
thus: Behold, in the vision clouds invited me and a mist summoned me, and the course of
the stars and the lightnings sped and hastened me, and the winds in 9 the vision caused me
to fly and lifted me upward, and bore me into heaven. And I went in till I drew nigh to a
wall which is built of crystals and surrounded by tongues of fire: and it began to affright
10 me. And I went into the tongues of fire and drew nigh to a large house which was built
of crystals: and the walls of the house were like a tesselated floor (made) of crystals, and
its groundwork was 11 of crystal. Its ceiling was like the path of the stars and the
lightnings, and between them were 12 fiery cherubim, and their heaven was (clear as)
water. A flaming fire surrounded the walls, and its 13 portals blazed with fire. And I
entered into that house, and it was hot as fire and cold as ice: there 14 were no delights of
life therein: fear covered me, and trembling got hold upon me. And as I quaked 15 and
trembled, I fell upon my face. And I beheld a vision, And lo! there was a second house,
greater 16 than the former, and the entire portal stood open before me, and it was built of
flames of fire. And in every respect it so excelled in splendour and magnificence and
extent that I cannot describe to 17 you its splendour and its extent. And its floor was of
fire, and above it were lightnings and the path 18 of the stars, and its ceiling also was
flaming fire. And I looked and saw therein a lofty throne: its appearance was as crystal,
and the wheels thereof as the shining sun, and there was the vision of 19 cherubim. And
from underneath the throne came streams of flaming fire so that I could not look 20
thereon. And the Great Glory sat thereon, and His raiment shone more brightly than the
sun and 21 was whiter than any snow. None of the angels could enter and could behold
His face by reason 22 of the magnificence and glory and no flesh could behold Him. The
flaming fire was round about Him, and a great fire stood before Him, and none around
could draw nigh Him: ten thousand times 23 ten thousand (stood) before Him, yet He
needed no counselor. And the most holy ones who were 24 nigh to Him did not leave by
night nor depart from Him. And until then I had been prostrate on my face, trembling:
and the Lord called me with His own mouth, and said to me: ' Come hither, 25 Enoch,
and hear my word.' And one of the holy ones came to me and waked me, and He made
me rise up and approach the door: and I bowed my face downwards.
1 And He answered and said to me, and I heard His voice: 'Fear not, Enoch, thou
righteous 2 man and scribe of righteousness: approach hither and hear my voice. And go,
say to the Watchers of heaven, who have sent thee to intercede for them: "You should
intercede" for men, and not men 3 for you: Wherefore have ye left the high, holy, and
eternal heaven, and lain with women, and defiled yourselves with the daughters of men
and taken to yourselves wives, and done like the children 4 of earth, and begotten giants
(as your) sons? And though ye were holy, spiritual, living the eternal life, you have defiled
yourselves with the blood of women, and have begotten (children) with the blood of flesh,
and, as the children of men, have lusted after flesh and blood as those also do who die 5
and perish. Therefore have I given them wives also that they might impregnate them, and
beget 6 children by them, that thus nothing might be wanting to them on earth. But you
were formerly 7 spiritual, living the eternal life, and immortal for all generations of the
world. And therefore I have not appointed wives for you; for as for the spiritual ones of
the heaven, in heaven is their dwelling. 8 And now, the giants, who are produced from the
spirits and flesh, shall be called evil spirits upon 9 the earth, and on the earth shall be their
dwelling. Evil spirits have proceeded from their bodies; because they are born from men
and from the holy Watchers is their beginning and primal origin; 10 they shall be evil
spirits on earth, and evil spirits shall they be called. [As for the spirits of heaven, in heaven
shall be their dwelling, but as for the spirits of the earth which were born upon the earth,
on the earth shall be their dwelling.] And the spirits of the giants afflict, oppress, destroy,
attack, do battle, and work destruction on the earth, and cause trouble: they take no food,
but nevertheless 12 hunger and thirst, and cause offences. And these spirits shall rise up
against the children of men and against the women, because they have proceeded from
1 From the days of the slaughter and destruction and death of the giants, from the souls of
whose flesh the spirits, having gone forth, shall destroy without incurring judgement -thus
shall they destroy until the day of the consummation, the great judgement in which the age
shall be 2 consummated, over the Watchers and the godless, yea, shall be wholly
consummated." And now as to the watchers who have sent thee to intercede for them,
who had been aforetime in heaven, (say 3 to them): "You have been in heaven, but all the
mysteries had not yet been revealed to you, and you knew worthless ones, and these in the
hardness of your hearts you have made known to the women, and through these mysteries
women and men work much evil on earth." 4 Say to them therefore: " You have no
1 And they took and brought me to a place in which those who were there were like
flaming fire, 2 and, when they wished, they appeared as men. And they brought me to the
place of darkness, and to a mountain the point of whose summit reached to heaven. And I
saw the places of the luminaries and the treasuries of the stars and of the thunder and in
the uttermost depths, where were 4 a fiery bow and arrows and their quiver, and a fiery
sword and all the lightnings. And they took 5 me to the living waters, and to the fire of
the west, which receives every setting of the sun. And I came to a river of fire in which
the fire flows like water and discharges itself into the great sea towards 6 the west. I saw
the great rivers and came to the great river and to the great darkness, and went 7 to the
place where no flesh walks. I saw the mountains of the darkness of winter and the place 8
whence all the waters of the deep flow. I saw the mouths of all the rivers of the earth and
the mouth of the deep.
1 I saw the treasuries of all the winds: I saw how He had furnished with them the whole
creation 2 and the firm foundations of the earth. And I saw the corner-stone of the earth:
I saw the four 3 winds which bear [the earth and] the firmament of the heaven. And I saw
how the winds stretch out the vaults of heaven, and have their station between heaven and
earth: these are the pillars 4 of the heaven. I saw the winds of heaven which turn and
bring the circumference of the sun and 5 all the stars to their setting. I saw the winds on
the earth carrying the clouds: I saw the paths 6 of the angels. I saw at the end of the
earth the firmament of the heaven above. And I proceeded and saw a place which burns
day and night, where there are seven mountains of magnificent stones, 7 three towards the
east, and three towards the south. And as for those towards the east, was of
coloured stone, and one of pearl, and one of jacinth, and those towards the south of red
stone. 8 But the middle one reached to heaven like the throne of God, of alabaster, and
the summit of the 9,10 throne was of sapphire. And I saw a flaming fire. And beyond
these mountains Is a region the end of the great earth: there the heavens were completed.
And I saw a deep abyss, with columns of heavenly fire, and among them I saw columns of
fire fall, which were beyond measure alike towards 12 the height and towards the depth.
And beyond that abyss I saw a place which had no firmament of the heaven above, and no
firmly founded earth beneath it: there was no water upon it, and no 13 birds, but it was a
waste and horrible place. I saw there seven stars like great burning mountains, 14 and to
me, when I inquired regarding them, The angel said: 'This place is the end of heaven and
earth: this has become a prison for the stars and the host of heaven. And the stars which
roll over the fire are they which have transgressed the commandment of the Lord in the
beginning of 16 their rising, because they did not come forth at their appointed times. And
He was wroth with them, and bound them till the time when their guilt should be
consummated (even) for ten thousand years.'
1 And Uriel said to me: 'Here shall stand the angels who have connected themselves with
women, and their spirits assuming many different forms are defiling mankind and shall lead
them astray into sacrificing to demons as gods, (here shall they stand,) till the day of the
great judgement in 2 which they shall be judged till they are made an end of. And the
women also of the angels who 3 went astray shall become sirens.' And I, Enoch, alone
saw the vision, the ends of all things: and no man shall see as I have seen.
1,2 And these are the names of the holy angels who watch. Uriel, one of the holy angels,
who is 3 over the world and over Tartarus. Raphael, one of the holy angels, who is over
the spirits of men. 4,5 Raguel, one of the holy angels who takes vengeance on the world
of the luminaries. Michael, one 6 of the holy angels, to wit, he that is set over the best
part of mankind and over chaos. Saraqael, 7 one of the holy angels, who is set over the
spirits, who sin in the spirit. Gabriel, one of the holy 8 angels, who is over Paradise and
the serpents and the Cherubim. Remiel, one of the holy angels, whom God set over those
1,2 And I proceeded to where things were chaotic. And I saw there something horrible: I
saw neither 3 a heaven above nor a firmly founded earth, but a place chaotic and horrible.
And there I saw 4 seven stars of the heaven bound together in it, like great mountains and
burning with fire. Then 5 I said: 'For what sin are they bound, and on what account have
they been cast in hither?' Then said Uriel, one of the holy angels, who was with me, and
was chief over them, and said: 'Enoch, why 6 dost thou ask, and why art thou eager for
the truth? These are of the number of the stars of heaven, which have transgressed the
commandment of the Lord, and are bound here till ten thousand years, 7 the time entailed
by their sins, are consummated.' And from thence I went to another place, which was still
more horrible than the former, and I saw a horrible thing: a great fire there which burnt
and blazed, and the place was cleft as far as the abyss, being full of great descending
columns of 8 fire: neither its extent or magnitude could I see, nor could I conjecture.
Then I said: 'How 9 fearful is the place and how terrible to look upon!' Then Uriel
answered me, one of the holy angels who was with me, and said unto me: 'Enoch, why
hast thou such fear and affright?' And 10 I answered: 'Because of this fearful place, and
because of the spectacle of the pain.' And he said unto me: 'This place is the prison of the
angels, and here they will be imprisoned for ever.'
1 And thence I went to another place, and he mountain [and] of hard rock. 2 And there
was in it four hollow places, deep and wide and very smooth. How smooth are the hollow
places and deep and dark to look at. 3 Then Raphael answered, one of the holy angels
who was with me, and said unto me: 'These hollow places have been created for this very
purpose, that the spirits of the souls of the dead should 4 assemble therein, yea that all the
souls of the children of men should assemble here. And these places have been made to
receive them till the day of their judgement and till their appointed period [till the period
appointed], till the great judgement (comes) upon them.' I saw (the spirit of) a dead man
making suit, 5 and his voice went forth to heaven and made suit. And I asked Raphael the
angel who was 6 with me, and I said unto him: 'This spirit which maketh suit, whose is it,
whose voice goeth forth and maketh suit to heaven ?' 7 And he answered me saying:
'This is the spirit which went forth from Abel, whom his brother Cain slew, and he makes
his suit against him till his seed is destroyed from the face of the earth, and his seed is
annihilated from amongst the seed of men.' 8 The I asked regarding it, and regarding all
the hollow places: 'Why is one separated from the other?' 9 And he answered me and said
unto me: 'These three have been made that the spirits of the dead might be separated.
And such a division has been make (for) the spirits of the righteous, in which there is the
bright spring of 10 water. And such has been made for sinners when they die and are
buried in the earth and judgement has not been executed on them in their 11 lifetime.
Here their spirits shall be set apart in this great pain till the great day of judgement and
punishment and torment of those who curse for ever and retribution for their spirits.
There 12 He shall bind them for ever. And such a division has been made for the spirits
of those who make their suit, who make disclosures concerning their destruction, when
they were slain in the days 13 of the sinners. Such has been made for the spirits of men
who were not righteous but sinners, who were complete in transgression, and of the
transgressors they shall be companions: but their spirits shall not be slain in the day of
judgement nor shall they be raised from thence.' 14 The I blessed the Lord of glory and
said: 'Blessed be my Lord, the Lord of righteousness, who ruleth for ever.'
1,2 From thence I went to another place to the west of the ends of the earth. And I saw a
burning 3 fire which ran without resting, and paused not from its course day or night but
(ran) regularly. And 4 I asked saying: 'What is this which rests not?' Then Raguel, one of
the holy angels who was with me, answered me and said unto me: 'This course of fire
which thou hast seen is the fire in the west which persecutes all the luminaries of
1 And from thence I went to another place of the earth, and he showed me a mountain
range of 2 fire which burnt day and night. And I went beyond it and saw seven
magnificent mountains all differing each from the other, and the stones (thereof) were
magnificent and beautiful, magnificent as a whole, of glorious appearance and fair exterior:
three towards the east, one founded on the other, and three towards the south, one upon
the other, and deep rough ravines, no one of which 3 joined with any other. And the
seventh mountain was in the midst of these, and it excelled them 4 in height, resembling
the seat of a throne: and fragrant trees encircled the throne. And amongst them was a
tree such as I had never yet smelt, neither was any amongst them nor were others like it:
it had a fragrance beyond all fragrance, and its leaves and blooms and wood wither not for
ever: 5 and its fruit is beautiful, and its fruit n resembles the dates of a palm. Then I said:
'How beautiful is this tree, and fragrant, and its leaves are fair, and its blooms very
delightful in appearance.' 6 Then answered Michael, one of the holy and honoured angels
who was with me, and was their leader.
1 And he said unto me: 'Enoch, why dost thou ask me regarding the fragrance of the tree,
2 and why dost thou wish to learn the truth?' Then I answered him saying: 'I wish to 3
know about everything, but especially about this tree.' And he answered saying: 'This
high mountain which thou hast seen, whose summit is like the throne of God, is His
throne, where the Holy Great One, the Lord of Glory, the Eternal King, will sit, when He
shall come down to visit 4 the earth with goodness. And as for this fragrant tree no
mortal is permitted to touch it till the great judgement, when He shall take vengeance on
all and bring (everything) to its consummation 5 for ever. It shall then be given to the
righteous and holy. Its fruit shall be for food to the elect: it shall be transplanted to the
holy place, to the temple of the Lord, the Eternal King.
6 Then shall they rejoice with joy and be glad,
And into the holy place shall they enter;
And its fragrance shall be in their bones,
And they shall live a long life on earth,
Such as thy fathers lived:
And in their days shall no sorrow or plague
Or torment or calamity touch them.'
7 Then blessed I the God of Glory, the Eternal King, who hath prepared such things for
the righteous, and hath created them and promised to give to them.
1 And I went from thence to the middle of the earth, and I saw a blessed place in which
there were 2 trees with branches abiding and blooming [of a dismembered tree]. And
there I saw a holy mountain, 3 and underneath the mountain to the east there was a stream
and it flowed towards the south. And I saw towards the east another mountain higher
than this, and between them a deep and narrow 4 ravine: in it also ran a stream
underneath the mountain. And to the west thereof there was another mountain, lower
than the former and of small elevation, and a ravine deep and dry between them: and
another deep and dry ravine was at the extremities of the three mountains. And all the
ravines were deep rand narrow, (being formed) of hard rock, and trees were not planted
upon 6 them. And I marveled at the rocks, and I marveled at the ravine, yea, I marveled
1 Then said I: 'For what object is this blessed land, which is entirely filled with trees, and
this 2 accursed valley between?' Then Uriel, one of the holy angels who was with me,
answered and said: 'This accursed valley is for those who are accursed for ever: Here
shall all the accursed be gathered together who utter with their lips against the Lord
unseemly words and of His glory speak hard things. Here shall they be gathered together,
and here 3 shall be their place of judgement. In the last days there shall be upon them the
spectacle of righteous judgement in the presence of the righteous for ever: here shall the
merciful bless the Lord of glory, the Eternal King. 4 In the days of judgement over the
former, they shall bless Him for the mercy in accordance with 5 which He has assigned
them (their lot).' Then I blessed the Lord of Glory and set forth His glory and lauded Him
1 And thence I went towards the east, into the midst of the mountain range of the desert,
and 2 I saw a wilderness and it was solitary, full of trees and plants. And water gushed
forth from 3 above. Rushing like a copious watercourse [which flowed] towards the
north-west it caused clouds and dew to ascend on every side.
1 And thence I went to another place in the desert, and approached to the east of this
mountain 2 range. And there I saw aromatic trees exhaling the fragrance of frankincense
and myrrh, and the trees also were similar to the almond tree.
1,2 And beyond these, I went afar to the east, and I saw another place, a valley (full) of
water. And 3 therein there was a tree, the colour (?) of fragrant trees such as the mastic.
And on the sides of those valleys I saw fragrant cinnamon. And beyond these I proceeded
to the east.
1 And I saw other mountains, and amongst them were groves of trees, and there flowed
forth from 2 them nectar, which is named sarara and galbanum. And beyond these
mountains I saw another mountain to the east of the ends of the earth, whereon were aloe-trees, and all the trees were full 3 of stacte, being like almond-trees. And when one burnt
it, it smelt sweeter than any fragrant odour.
1 And after these fragrant odours, as I looked towards the north over the mountains I saw
seven mountains full of choice nard and fragrant trees and cinnamon and pepper. 2 And
thence I went over the summits of all these mountains, far towards the east of the earth,
and passed above the Erythraean sea and went far from it, and passed over the angel
Zotiel. And I came to the Garden of Righteousness, 3 I and from afar off trees more
numerous than I these trees and great-two trees there, very great, beautiful, and glorious,
and magnificent, and the tree of knowledge, whose holy fruit they eat and know great
wisdom. 4 That tree is in height like the fir, and its leaves are like (those of) the Carob
tree: and its fruit 5 is like the clusters of the vine, very beautiful: and the fragrance of the
tree penetrates afar. Then 6 I said: 'How beautiful is the tree, and how attractive is its
look!' Then Raphael the holy angel, who was with me, answered me and said: 'This is the
tree of wisdom, of which thy father old (in years) and thy aged mother, who were before
thee, have eaten, and they learnt wisdom and their eyes were opened, and they knew that
they were naked and they were driven out of the garden.'
1 And from thence I went to the ends of the earth and saw there great beasts, and each
differed from the other; and (I saw) birds also differing in appearance and beauty and
voice, the one differing from the other. And to the east of those beasts I saw the ends of
the earth whereon the heaven 2 rests, and the portals of the heaven open. And I saw how
the stars of heaven come forth, and 3 I counted the portals out of which they proceed, and
wrote down all their outlets, of each individual star by itself, according to their number
and their names, their courses and their positions, and their 4 times and their months, as
Uriel the holy angel who was with me showed me. He showed all things to me and wrote
them down for me: also their names he wrote for me, and their laws and their
1 And from thence I went towards the north to the ends of the earth, and there I saw a
great and 2 glorious device at the ends of the whole earth. And here I saw three portals of
heaven open in the heaven: through each of them proceed north winds: when they blow
there is cold, hail, frost, 3 snow, dew, and rain. And out of one portal they blow for good:
but when they blow through the other two portals, it is with violence and affliction on the
earth, and they blow with violence.
1 And from thence I went towards the west to the ends of the earth, and saw there three
portals of the heaven open such as I had seen in the east, the same number of portals, and
the same number of outlets.
1 And from thence I went to the south to the ends of the earth, and saw there three open
portals 2 of the heaven: and thence there come dew, rain, and wind. And from thence I
went to the east to the ends of the heaven, and saw here the three eastern portals of
heaven open and small portals 3 above them. Through each of these small portals pass the
stars of heaven and run their course to the west on the path which is shown to them. And
as often as I saw I blessed always the Lord of Glory, and I continued to bless the Lord of
Glory who has wrought great and glorious wonders, to show the greatness of His work to
the angels and to spirits and to men, that they might praise His work and all His creation:
that they might see the work of His might and praise the great work of His hands and bless
Him for ever.
Section II. Chapters XXXVII-LXXI
1 The second vision which he saw, the vision of wisdom -which Enoch the son of Jared,
the son 2 of Mahalalel, the son of Cainan, the son of Enos, the son of Seth, the son of
Adam, saw. And this is the beginning of the words of wisdom which I lifted up my voice
to speak and say to those which dwell on earth: Hear, ye men of old time, and see, ye that
come after, the words of the Holy 3 One which I will speak before the Lord of Spirits. It
were better to declare (them only) to the men of old time, but even from those that come
after we will not withhold the beginning of wisdom. 4 Till the present day such wisdom
has never been given by the Lord of Spirits as I have received according to my insight,
according to the good pleasure of the Lord of Spirits by whom the lot of 5 eternal life has
been given to me. Now three Parables were imparted to me, and I lifted up my voice and
recounted them to those that dwell on the earth.
1 The first Parable.
When the congregation of the righteous shall appear,
And sinners shall be judged for their sins,
And shall be driven from the face of the earth:
2 And when the Righteous One shall appear before the eyes of the righteous,
Whose elect works hang upon the Lord of Spirits,
And light shall appear to the righteous and the elect who dwell on the earth,
Where then will be the dwelling of the sinners,
And where the resting-place of those who have denied the Lord of Spirits?
It had been good for them if they had not been born.
3 When the secrets of the righteous shall be revealed and the sinners judged,
And the godless driven from the presence of the righteous and elect,
4 From that time those that possess the earth shall no longer be powerful and
And they shall not be able to behold the face of the holy,
For the Lord of Spirits has caused His light to appear
On the face of the holy, righteous, and elect.
5 Then shall the kings and the mighty perish
And be given into the hands of the righteous and holy.
6 And thenceforward none shall seek for themselves mercy from the Lord of Spirits
For their life is at an end.
1 [And it shall come to pass in those days that elect and holy children will descend from
the 2 high heaven, and their seed will become one with the children of men. And in those
days Enoch received books of zeal and wrath, and books of disquiet and expulsion.]
And mercy shall not be accorded to them, saith the Lord of Spirits.
3 And in those days a whirlwind carried me off from the earth,
And set me down at the end of the heavens.
4 And there I saw another vision, the dwelling-places of the holy,
And the resting-places of the righteous.
5 Here mine eyes saw their dwellings with His righteous angels,
And their resting-places with the holy.
And they petitioned and interceded and prayed for the children of men,
And righteousness flowed before them as water,
And mercy like dew upon the earth:
Thus it is amongst them for ever and ever.
6a And in that place mine eyes saw the Elect One of righteousness and of faith,
7a And I saw his dwelling-place under the wings of the Lord of Spirits.
6b And righteousness shall prevail in his days,
And the righteous and elect shall be without number before Him for ever and ever.
7b And all the righteous and elect before Him shall be strong as fiery lights,
And their mouth shall be full of blessing,
And their lips extol the name of the Lord of Spirits,
And righteousness before Him shall never fail,
[And uprightness shall never fail before Him.]
8 There I wished to dwell,
And my spirit longed for that dwelling-place:
And there heretofore hath been my portion,
For so has it been established concerning me before the Lord of Spirits.
9 In those days I praised and extolled the name of the Lord of Spirits with blessings and
praises, because He hath destined me for blessing and glory according to the good
pleasure of the Lord of 10 Spirits. For a long time my eyes regarded that place, and I
blessed Him and praised Him, saying: 'Blessed is He, and may He be blessed from the
beginning and for evermore. And before Him there is no ceasing. He knows before the
world was created what is for ever and what will be from 12 generation unto generation.
Those who sleep not bless Thee: they stand before Thy glory and bless, praise, and extol,
saying: "Holy, holy, holy, is the Lord of Spirits: He filleth the earth with 3 spirits."' And
here my eyes saw all those who sleep not: they stand before Him and bless and say:
'Blessed be Thou, and blessed be the name of the Lord for ever and ever.' And my face
was changed; for I could no longer behold.
1 And after that I saw thousands of thousands and ten thousand times ten thousand, I saw
a multitude 2 beyond number and reckoning, who stood before the Lord of Spirits. And
on the four sides of the Lord of Spirits I saw four presences, different from those that
sleep not, and I learnt their names: for the angel that went with me made known to me
their names, and showed me all the hidden things. 3 And I heard the voices of those four
presences as they uttered praises before the Lord of glory. 4,5 The first voice blesses the
Lord of Spirits for ever and ever. And the second voice I heard blessing 6 the Elect One
and the elect ones who hang upon the Lord of Spirits. And the third voice I heard pray
and intercede for those who dwell on the earth and supplicate in the name of the Lord of
Spirits. 7 And I heard the fourth voice fending off the Satans and forbidding them to
come before the Lord 8 of Spirits to accuse them who dwell on the earth. After that I
asked the angel of peace who went with me, who showed me everything that is hidden:
'Who are these four presences which I have 9 seen and whose words I have heard and
written down?' And he said to me: 'This first is Michael, the merciful and long-suffering:
and the second, who is set over all the diseases and all the wounds of the children of men,
is Raphael: and the third, who is set over all the powers, is Gabriel: and the fourth, who
is set over the repentance unto hope of those who inherit eternal life, is named Phanuel.'
10 And these are the four angels of the Lord of Spirits and the four voices I heard in those
1 And after that I saw all the secrets of the heavens, and how the kingdom is divided, and
how the 2 actions of men are weighed in the balance. And there I saw the mansions of the
elect and the mansions of the holy, and mine eyes saw there all the sinners being driven
from thence which deny the name of the Lord of Spirits, and being dragged off: and they
could not abide because of the punishment which proceeds from the Lord of Spirits. 3
And there mine eyes saw the secrets of the lightning and of the thunder, and the secrets of
the winds, how they are divided to blow over the earth, and the secrets of the clouds and
dew, and there 4 I saw from whence they proceed in that place and from whence they
saturate the dusty earth. And there I saw closed chambers out of which the winds are
divided, the chamber of the hail and winds, the chamber of the mist, and of the clouds, and
the cloud thereof hovers over the earth from the 5 beginning of the world. And I saw the
chambers of the sun and moon, whence they proceed and whither they come again, and
their glorious return, and how one is superior to the other, and their stately orbit, and how
they do not leave their orbit, and they add nothing to their orbit and they take nothing
from it, and they keep faith with each other, in accordance with the oath by which they 6
are bound together. And first the sun goes forth and traverses his path according to the
commandment 7 of the Lord of Spirits, and mighty is His name for ever and ever. And
after that I saw the hidden and the visible path of the moon, and she accomplishes the
course of her path in that place by day and by night-the one holding a position opposite to
the other before the Lord of Spirits.
And they give thanks and praise and rest not;
For unto them is their thanksgiving rest.
8 For the sun changes oft for a blessing or a curse,
And the course of the path of the moon is light to the righteous
And darkness to the sinners in the name of the Lord,
Who made a separation between the light and the darkness,
And divided the spirits of men,
And strengthened the spirits of the righteous,
In the name of His righteousness.
9 For no angel hinders and no power is able to hinder; for He appoints a judge for them
all and He judges them all before Him.
1 Wisdom found no place where she might dwell;
Then a dwelling-place was assigned her in the heavens.
2 Wisdom went forth to make her dwelling among the children of men,
And found no dwelling-place:
Wisdom returned to her place,
And took her seat among the angels.
3 And unrighteousness went forth from her chambers:
Whom she sought not she found,
And dwelt with them,
As rain in a desert
And dew on a thirsty land.
1 And I saw other lightnings and the stars of heaven, and I saw how He called them all by
their 2 names and they hearkened unto Him. And I saw how they are weighed in a
righteous balance according to their proportions of light: (I saw) the width of their spaces
and the day of their appearing, and how their revolution produces lightning: and (I saw)
their revolution according to the 3 number of the angels, and (how) they keep faith with
each other. And I asked the angel who went 4 with me who showed me what was hidden:
'What are these?' And he said to me: 'The Lord of Spirits hath showed thee their
parabolic meaning (lit. 'their parable'): these are the names of the holy who dwell on the
earth and believe in the name of the Lord of Spirits for ever and ever.'
Also another phenomenon I saw in regard to the lightnings: how some of the stars arise
and become lightnings and cannot part with their new form.
1 And this is the second Parable concerning those who deny the name of the dwelling of
the holy ones and the Lord of Spirits.
2 And into the heaven they shall not ascend,
And on the earth they shall not come:
Such shall be the lot of the sinners
Who have denied the name of the Lord of Spirits,
Who are thus preserved for the day of suffering and tribulation.
3 On that day Mine Elect One shall sit on the throne of glory
And shall try their works,
And their places of rest shall be innumerable.
And their souls shall grow strong within them when they see Mine Elect Ones,
And those who have called upon My glorious name:
4 Then will I cause Mine Elect One to dwell among them.
And I will transform the heaven and make it an eternal blessing and light
5 And I will transform the earth and make it a blessing:
And I will cause Mine elect ones to dwell upon it:
But the sinners and evil-doers shall not set foot thereon.
6 For I have provided and satisfied with peace My righteous ones
And have caused them to dwell before Me:
But for the sinners there is judgement impending with Me,
So that I shall destroy them from the face of the earth.
1 And there I saw One who had a head of days,
And His head was white like wool,
And with Him was another being whose countenance had the appearance of a
And his face was full of graciousness, like one of the holy angels.
2 And I asked the angel who went with me and showed me all the hidden things,
concerning that 3 Son of Man, who he was, and whence he was, (and) why he went with
the Head of Days? And he answered and said unto me:
This is the son of Man who hath righteousness,
With whom dwelleth righteousness,
And who revealeth all the treasures of that which is hidden,
Because the Lord of Spirits hath chosen him,
And whose lot hath the pre-eminence before the Lord of Spirits in uprightness for
4 And this Son of Man whom thou hast seen
Shall raise up the kings and the mighty from their seats,
[And the strong from their thrones]
And shall loosen the reins of the strong,
And break the teeth of the sinners.
5 [And he shall put down the kings from their thrones and kingdoms]
Because they do not extol and praise Him,
Nor humbly acknowledge whence the kingdom was bestowed upon them.
6 And he shall put down the countenance of the strong,
And shall fill them with shame.
And darkness shall be their dwelling,
And worms shall be their bed,
And they shall have no hope of rising from their beds,
Because they do not extol the name of the Lord of Spirits.
7 And these are they who judge the stars of heaven,
[And raise their hands against the Most High],
And tread upon the earth and dwell upon it.
And all their deeds manifest unrighteousness,
And their power rests upon their riches,
And their faith is in the gods which they have made with their hands,
And they deny the name of the Lord of Spirits,
8 And they persecute the houses of His congregations,
And the faithful who hang upon the name of the Lord of Spirits.
1 And in those days shall have ascended the prayer of the righteous,
And the blood of the righteous from the earth before the Lord of Spirits.
2 In those days the holy ones who dwell above in the heavens
Shall unite with one voice
And supplicate and pray [and praise,
And give thanks and bless the name of the Lord of Spirits
On behalf of the blood of the righteous which has been shed,
And that the prayer of the righteous may not be in vain before the Lord of
That judgement may be done unto them,
And that they may not have to suffer for ever.
3 In those days I saw the Head of Days when He seated himself upon the throne of
And the books of the living were opened before Him:
And all His host which is in heaven above and His counselors stood before
4 And the hearts of the holy were filled with joy;
Because the number of the righteous had been offered,
And the prayer of the righteous had been heard,
And the blood of the righteous been required before the Lord of Spirits.
1 And in that place I saw the fountain of righteousness
Which was inexhaustible:
And around it were many fountains of wisdom:
And all the thirsty drank of them,
And were filled with wisdom,
And their dwellings were with the righteous and holy and elect.
2 And at that hour that Son of Man was named In the presence of the Lord of Spirits,
And his name before the Head of Days.
3 Yea, before the sun and the signs were created,
Before the stars of the heaven were made,
His name was named before the Lord of Spirits.
4 He shall be a staff to the righteous whereon to stay themselves and not fall,
And he shall be the light of the Gentiles,
And the hope of those who are troubled of heart.
5 All who dwell on earth shall fall down and worship before him,
And will praise and bless and celebrate with song the Lord of Spirits.
6 And for this reason hath he been chosen and hidden before Him,
Before the creation of the world and for evermore.
7 And the wisdom of the Lord of Spirits hath revealed him to the holy and righteous;
For he hath preserved the lot of the righteous,
Because they have hated and despised this world of unrighteousness,
And have hated all its works and ways in the name of the Lord of Spirits:
For in his name they are saved,
And according to his good pleasure hath it been in regard to their life.
8 In these days downcast in countenance shall the kings of the earth have become,
And the strong who possess the land because of the works of their hands,
For on the day of their anguish and affliction they shall not (be able to) save
And I will give them over into the hands of Mine elect:
As straw in the fire so shall they burn before the face of the holy:
As lead in the water shall they sink before the face of the righteous,
And no trace of them shall any more be found.
10 And on the day of their affliction there shall be rest on the earth,
And before them they shall fall and not rise again:
And there shall be no one to take them with his hands and raise them:
For they have denied the Lord of Spirits and His Anointed.
The name of the Lord of Spirits be blessed.
l For wisdom is poured out like water,
And glory faileth not before him for evermore.
2 For he is mighty in all the secrets of righteousness,
And unrighteousness shall disappear as a shadow,
And have no continuance;
Because the Elect One standeth before the Lord of Spirits,
And his glory is for ever and ever,
And his might unto all generations.
3 And in him dwells the spirit of wisdom,
And the spirit which gives insight,
And the spirit of understanding and of might,
And the spirit of those who have fallen asleep in righteousness.
4 And he shall judge the secret things,
And none shall be able to utter a lying word before him;
For he is the Elect One before the Lord of Spirits according to His good pleasure.
1 And in those days a change shall take place for the holy and elect,
And the light of days shall abide upon them,
And glory and honour shall turn to the holy,
2 On the day of affliction on which evil shall have been treasured up against the
And the righteous shall be victorious in the name of the Lord of Spirits:
And He will cause the others to witness (this)
That they may repent
And forgo the works of their hands.
3 They shall have no honour through the name of the Lord of Spirits,
Yet through His name shall they be saved,
And the Lord of Spirits will have compassion on them,
For His compassion is great.
4 And He is righteous also in His judgement,
And in the presence of His glory unrighteousness also shall not maintain itself:
At His judgement the unrepentant shall perish before Him.
5 And from henceforth I will have no mercy on them, saith the Lord of Spirits.
1 And in those days shall the earth also give back that which has been entrusted to it,
And Sheol also shall give back that which it has received,
And hell shall give back that which it owes.
5a For in those days the Elect One shall arise,
2 And he shall choose the righteous and holy from among them:
For the day has drawn nigh that they should be saved.
3 And the Elect One shall in those days sit on My throne,
And his mouth shall pour forth all the secrets of wisdom and counsel:
For the Lord of Spirits hath given (them) to him and hath glorified him.
4 And in those days shall the mountains leap like rams,
And the hills also shall skip like lambs satisfied with milk,
And the faces of [all] the angels in heaven shall be lighted up with joy.
5b And the earth shall rejoice,
c And the righteous shall dwell upon it,
d And the elect shall walk thereon.
l And after those days in that place where I had seen all the visions of that which is hidden
-for 2 I had been carried off in a whirlwind and they had borne me towards the west-There
mine eyes saw all the secret things of heaven that shall be, a mountain of iron, and a
mountain of copper, and a mountain of silver, and a mountain of gold, and a mountain of
soft metal, and a mountain of lead. 3 And I asked the angel who went with me, saying,
'What things are these which I have seen in 4 secret?' And he said unto me: 'All these
things which thou hast seen shall serve the dominion of His Anointed that he may be
potent and mighty on the earth.' 5 And that angel of peace answered, saying unto me:
'Wait a little, and there shall be revealed unto thee all the secret things which surround the
Lord of Spirits.
6 And these mountains which thine eyes have seen,
The mountain of iron, and the mountain of copper, and the mountain of silver,
And the mountain of gold, and the mountain of soft metal, and the mountain of lead,
All these shall be in the presence of the Elect One
As wax: before the fire,
And like the water which streams down from above [upon those mountains],
And they shall become powerless before his feet.
7 And it shall come to pass in those days that none shall be saved,
Either by gold or by silver,
And none be able to escape.
8 And there shall be no iron for war,
Nor shall one clothe oneself with a breastplate.
Bronze shall be of no service,
And tin [shall be of no service and] shall not be esteemed,
And lead shall not be desired.
9 And all these things shall be [denied and] destroyed from the surface of the earth,
When the Elect One shall appear before the face of the Lord of Spirits.'
1 There mine eyes saw a deep valley with open mouths, and all who dwell on the earth and
sea and islands shall bring to him gifts and presents and tokens of homage, but that deep
valley shall not become full.
2 And their hands commit lawless deeds,
And the sinners devour all whom they lawlessly oppress:
Yet the sinners shall be destroyed before the face of the Lord of Spirits,
And they shall be banished from off the face of His earth,
And they shall perish for ever and ever.
3 For I saw all the angels of punishment abiding (there) and preparing all the instruments
of Satan. 4 And I asked the angel of peace who went with me: ' For whom are they
preparing these Instruments?' 5 And he said unto me: ' They prepare these for the kings
and the mighty of this earth, that they may thereby be destroyed. 6 And after this the
Righteous and Elect One shall cause the house of his congregation to appear: henceforth
they shall be no more hindered in the name of the Lord of Spirits.
7 And these mountains shall not stand as the earth before his righteousness,
But the hills shall be as a fountain of water,
And the righteous shall have rest from the oppression of sinners.'
1 And I looked and turned to another part of the earth, and saw there a deep valley with
burning 2 fire. And they brought the kings and the mighty, and began to cast them into
this deep valley. 3 And there mine eyes saw how they made these their instruments, iron
chains of immeasurable weight. 4 And I asked the angel of peace who went with me,
saying: ' For whom are these chains being prepared ? ' And he said unto me: ' These are
being prepared for the hosts of Azazel, so that they may take them and cast them into the
abyss of complete condemnation, and they shall cover their jaws with rough stones as the
Lord of Spirits commanded. 6 And Michael, and Gabriel, and Raphael, and Phanuel shall
take hold of them on that great day, and cast them on that day into the burning furnace,
that the Lord of Spirits may take vengeance on them for their unrighteousness in
becoming subject to Satan and leading astray those who dwell on the earth.' 7 And in
those days shall punishment come from the Lord of Spirits, and he will open all the
chambers of waters which are above the heavens, and of the fountains which are beneath
the earth. 8 And all the waters shall be joined with the waters: that which is above the
heavens is the masculine, 9 and the water which is beneath the earth is the feminine. And
they shall destroy all who dwell 10 on the earth and those who dwell under the ends of the
heaven. And when they have recognized their unrighteousness which they have wrought
on the earth, then by these shall they perish.
1 And after that the Head of Days repented and said: ' In vain have I destroyed all who
dwell 2 on the earth.' And He sware by His great name: ' Henceforth I will not do so to all
who dwell on the earth, and I will set a sign in the heaven: and this shall be a pledge of
good faith between Me and them for ever, so long as heaven is above the earth. And this
is in accordance with My command. 3 When I have desired to take hold of them by the
hand of the angels on the day of tribulation and pain because of this, I will cause My
chastisement and My wrath to abide upon them, saith 4 God, the Lord of Spirits. Ye
mighty kings who dwell on the earth, ye shall have to behold Mine Elect One, how he sits
on the throne of glory and judges Azazel, and all his associates, and all his hosts in the
name of the Lord of Spirits.'
1 And I saw there the hosts of the angels of punishment going, and they held scourges and
chains 2 of iron and bronze. And I asked the angel of peace who went with me, saying: '
To whom are 3 these who hold the scourges going ? ' And he said unto me: ' To their
elect and beloved ones, that they may be cast into the chasm of the abyss of the valley.
4 And then that valley shall be filled with their elect and beloved,
And the days of their lives shall be at an end,
And the days of their leading astray shall not thenceforward be reckoned.
5 And in those days the angels shall return
And hurl themselves to the east upon the Parthians and Medes:
They shall stir up the kings, so that a spirit of unrest shall come upon them,
And they shall rouse them from their thrones,
That they may break forth as lions from their lairs,
And as hungry wolves among their flocks.
6 And they shall go up and tread under foot the land of His elect ones
[And the land of His elect ones shall be before them a threshing-floor and a highway :]
7 But the city of my righteous shall be a hindrance to their horses.
And they shall begin to fight among themselves,
And their right hand shall be strong against themselves,
And a man shall not know his brother,
Nor a son his father or his mother,
Till there be no number of the corpses through their slaughter,
And their punishment be not in vain.
8 In those days Sheol shall open its jaws,
And they shall be swallowed up therein
And their destruction shall be at an end;
Sheol shall devour the sinners in the presence of the elect.'
1 And it came to pass after this that I saw another host of wagons, and men riding
thereon, and 2 coming on the winds from the east, and from the west to the south. And
the noise of their wagons was heard, and when this turmoil took place the holy ones from
heaven remarked it, and the pillars of the earth were moved from their place, and the
sound thereof was heard from the one end of heaven 3 to the other, in one day. And they
shall all fall down and worship the Lord of Spirits. And this is the end of the second
1 And I began to speak the third Parable concerning the righteous and elect.
2 Blessed are ye, ye righteous and elect,
For glorious shall be your lot.
3 And the righteous shall be in the light of the sun.
And the elect in the light of eternal life:
The days of their life shall be unending,
And the days of the holy without number.
4 And they shall seek the light and find righteousness with the Lord of Spirits:
There shall be peace to the righteous in the name of the Eternal Lord.
5 And after this it shall be said to the holy in heaven
That they should seek out the secrets of righteousness, the heritage of faith:
For it has become bright as the sun upon earth,
And the darkness is past.
6 And there shall be a light that never endeth,
And to a limit (lit. ' number ') of days they shall not come,
For the darkness shall first have been destroyed,
[And the light established before the Lord of Spirits]
And the light of uprightness established for ever before the Lord of Spirits.
1 [In those days mine eyes saw the secrets of the lightnings, and of the lights, and the
judgements they execute (lit. ' their judgement '): and they lighten for a blessing or a
curse as the Lord of 2 Spirits willeth. And there I saw the secrets of the thunder, and how
when it resounds above in the heaven, the sound thereof is heard, and he caused me to see
the judgements executed on the earth, whether they be for well-being and blessing, or for
a curse according to the word of the Lord of Spirits. 3 And after that all the secrets of the
lights and lightnings were shown to me, and they lighten for blessing and for
[Chapter 60] A Fragment of the Book of Noah
1 In the year 500, in the seventh month, on the fourteenth day of the month in the life of
Enoch. In that Parable I saw how a mighty quaking made the heaven of heavens to quake,
and the host of the Most High, and the angels, a thousand thousands and ten thousand
times ten thousand, were 2 disquieted with a great disquiet. And the Head of Days sat on
the throne of His glory, and the angels and the righteous stood around Him.
3 And a great trembling seized me,
And fear took hold of me,
And my loins gave way,
And dissolved were my reins,
And I fell upon my face.
4 And Michael sent another angel from among the holy ones and he raised me up, and
when he had raised me up my spirit returned; for I had not been able to endure the look of
this host, and the 5 commotion and the quaking of the heaven. And Michael said unto me:
' Why art thou disquieted with such a vision ? Until this day lasted the day of His mercy;
and He hath been merciful and 6 long-suffering towards those who dwell on the earth.
And when the day, and the power, and the punishment, and the judgement come, which
the Lord of Spirits hath prepared for those who worship not the righteous law, and for
those who deny the righteous judgement, and for those who take His name in vain-that
day is prepared, for the elect a covenant, but for sinners an inquisition. 25 When the
punishment of the Lord of Spirits shall rest upon them, it shall rest in order that the
punishment of the Lord of Spirits may not come, in vain, and it shall slay the children with
their mothers and the children with their fathers. Afterwards the judgement shall take
place according to His mercy and His patience.' 7 And on that day were two monsters
parted, a female monster named Leviathan, to dwell in the 8 abysses of the ocean over the
fountains of the waters. But the male is named Behemoth, who occupied with his breast a
waste wilderness named Duidain, on the east of the garden where the elect and righteous
dwell, where my grandfather was taken up, the seventh from Adam, the first 9 man whom
the Lord of Spirits created. And I besought the other angel that he should show me the
might of those monsters, how they were parted on one day and cast, the one into the
abysses 10 of the sea, and the other unto the dry land of the wilderness. And he said to
me: ' Thou son of man, herein thou dost seek to know what is hidden.' 11 And the other
angel who went with me and showed me what was hidden told me what is first and last in
the heaven in the height, and beneath the earth in the depth, and at the ends of the 12
heaven, and on the foundation of the heaven. And the chambers of the winds, and how
the winds are divided, and how they are weighed, and (how) the portals of the winds are
reckoned, each according to the power of the wind, and the power of the lights of the
moon, and according to the power that is fitting: and the divisions of the stars according
to their names, and how all the divisions 13 are divided. And the thunders according to
the places where they fall, and all the divisions that are made among the lightnings that it
may lighten, and their host that they may at once obey. 14 For the thunder has places of
rest (which) are assigned (to it) while it is waiting for its peal; and the thunder and
lightning are inseparable, and although not one and undivided, they both go together 15
through the spirit and separate not. For when the lightning lightens, the thunder utters its
voice, and the spirit enforces a pause during the peal, and divides equally between them;
for the treasury of their peals is like the sand, and each one of them as it peals is held in
with a bridle, and turned back by the power of the spirit, and pushed forward according to
the many quarters of the earth. 16 And the spirit of the sea is masculine and strong, and
according to the might of his strength he draws it back with a rein, and in like manner it is
driven forward and disperses amid all the mountains 17 of the earth. And the spirit of the
hoar-frost is his own angel, and the spirit of the hail is a good 18 angel. And the spirit of
the snow has forsaken his chambers on account of his strength -There is a special spirit
therein, and that which ascends from it is like smoke, and its name is frost. And the spirit
of the mist is not united with them in their chambers, but it has a special chamber; for its
course is glorious both in light and in darkness, and in winter and in summer, and in its
chamber is an angel. 20 And the spirit of the dew has its dwelling at the ends of the
heaven, and is connected with the chambers of the rain, and its course is in winter and
summer: and its clouds and the clouds of the 21 mist are connected, and the one gives to
the other. And when the spirit of the rain goes forth from its chamber, the angels come
and open the chamber and lead it out, and when it is diffused over the whole earth it unites
with the water on the earth. And whensoever it unites with the water on 22 the earth . . .
For the waters are for those who dwell on the earth; for they are nourishment for the earth
from the Most High who is in heaven: therefore there is a measure for the rain, 22, and
the angels take it in charge. And these things I saw towards the Garden of the Righteous.
23 And the angel of peace who was with me said to me: ' These two monsters, prepared
conformably to the greatness of God, shall feed . . .
1 And I saw in those days how long cords were given to those angels, and they took to
themselves wings and flew, and they went towards the north. 2 And I asked the angel,
saying unto him: ' Why have those (angels) taken these cords and gone off ? ' And he said
unto me: ' They have gone to measure.'
3 And the angel who went with me said unto me:
' These shall bring the measures of the righteous,
And the ropes of the righteous to the righteous,
That they may stay themselves on the name of the Lord of Spirits for ever and ever.
4 The elect shall begin to dwell with the elect,
And those are the measures which shall be given to faith
And which shall strengthen righteousness.
5 And these measures shall reveal all the secrets of the depths of the earth,
And those who have been destroyed by the desert,
And those who have been devoured by the beasts,
And those who have been devoured by the fish of the sea,
That they may return and stay themselves
On the day of the Elect One;
For none shall be destroyed before the Lord of Spirits,
And none can be destroyed.
6 And all who dwell above in the heaven received a command and power and one voice
and one light like unto fire.
7 And that One (with) their first words they blessed,
And extolled and lauded with wisdom,
And they were wise in utterance and in the spirit of life.
8 And the Lord of Spirits placed the Elect one on the throne of glory.
And he shall judge all the works of the holy above in the heaven,
And in the balance shall their deeds be weighed
9 And when he shall lift up his countenance
To judge their secret ways according to the word of the name of the Lord of Spirits,
And their path according to the way of the righteous judgement of the Lord of
Then shall they all with one voice speak and bless,
And glorify and extol and sanctify the name of the Lord of Spirits.
10 And He will summon all the host of the heavens, and all the holy ones above, and the
host of God, the Cherubic, Seraphin and Ophannin, and all the angels of power, and all the
angels of principalities, and the Elect One, and the other powers on the earth (and) over
the water On that day shall raise one voice, and bless and glorify and exalt in the spirit of
faith, and in the spirit of wisdom, and in the spirit of patience, and in the spirit of mercy,
and in the spirit of judgement and of peace, and in the spirit of goodness, and shall all say
with one voice: " Blessed is He, and may the name of the Lord of Spirits be blessed for
ever and ever."
12 All who sleep not above in heaven shall bless Him:
All the holy ones who are in heaven shall bless Him,
And all the elect who dwell in the garden of life:
And every spirit of light who is able to bless, and glorify, and extol, and hallow Thy
And all flesh shall beyond measure glorify and bless Thy name for ever and ever.
13 For great is the mercy of the Lord of Spirits, and He is long-suffering,
And all His works and all that He has created He has revealed to the righteous and elect
In the name of the Lord of Spirits.
1 And thus the Lord commanded the kings and the mighty and the exalted, and those who
dwell on the earth, and said:
' Open your eyes and lift up your horns if ye are able to recognize the Elect One.'
2 And the Lord of Spirits seated him on the throne of His glory,
And the spirit of righteousness was poured out upon him,
And the word of his mouth slays all the sinners,
And all the unrighteous are destroyed from before his face.
3 And there shall stand up in that day all the kings and the mighty,
And the exalted and those who hold the earth,
And they shall see and recognize How he sits on the throne of his glory,
And righteousness is judged before him,
And no lying word is spoken before him.
4 Then shall pain come upon them as on a woman in travail,
[And she has pain in bringing forth]
When her child enters the mouth of the womb,
And she has pain in bringing forth.
And one portion of them shall look on the other,
And they shall be terrified,
And they shall be downcast of countenance,
And pain shall seize them,
When they see that Son of Man Sitting on the throne of his glory.
6 And the kings and the mighty and all who possess the earth shall bless and glorify and
extol him who rules over all, who was hidden.
7 For from the beginning the Son of Man was hidden,
And the Most High preserved him in the presence of His might,
And revealed him to the elect.
8 And the congregation of the elect and holy shall be sown,
And all the elect shall stand before him on that day.
9 And all the kings and the mighty and the exalted and those who rule the earth
Shall fall down before him on their faces,
And worship and set their hope upon that Son of Man,
And petition him and supplicate for mercy at his hands.
10 Nevertheless that Lord of Spirits will so press them
That they shall hastily go forth from His presence,
And their faces shall be filled with shame,
And the darkness grow deeper on their faces.
11 And He will deliver them to the angels for punishment,
To execute vengeance on them because they have oppressed His children and His elect
12 And they shall be a spectacle for the righteous and for His elect:
They shall rejoice over them,
Because the wrath of the Lord of Spirits resteth upon them,
And His sword is drunk with their blood.
13 And the righteous and elect shall be saved on that day,
And they shall never thenceforward see the face of the sinners and unrighteous.
14 And the Lord of Spirits will abide over them,
And with that Son of Man shall they eat
And lie down and rise up for ever and ever.
15 And the righteous and elect shall have risen from the earth,
And ceased to be of downcast countenance.
And they shall have been clothed with garments of glory,
16 And these shall be the garments of life from the Lord of Spirits:
And your garments shall not grow old,
Nor your glory pass away before the Lord of Spirits.
1 In those days shall the mighty and the kings who possess the earth implore (Him) to
grant them a little respite from His angels of punishment to whom they were delivered,
that they might fall 2 down and worship before the Lord of Spirits, and confess their sins
before Him. And they shall bless and glorify the Lord of Spirits, and say:
' Blessed is the Lord of Spirits and the Lord of kings,
And the Lord of the mighty and the Lord of the rich,
And the Lord of glory and the Lord of wisdom,
3 And splendid in every secret thing is Thy power from generation to generation,
And Thy glory for ever and ever:
Deep are all Thy secrets and innumerable,
And Thy righteousness is beyond reckoning.
4 We have now learnt that we should glorify
And bless the Lord of kings and Him who is king over all kings.'
5 And they shall say:
' Would that we had rest to glorify and give thanks
And confess our faith before His glory !
6 And now we long for a little rest but find it not:
We follow hard upon and obtain (it) not:
And light has vanished from before us,
And darkness is our dwelling-place for ever and ever:
7 For we have not believed before Him
Nor glorified the name of the Lord of Spirits, [nor glorified our Lord]
But our hope was in the sceptre of our kingdom,
And in our glory.
8 And in the day of our suffering and tribulation He saves us not,
And we find no respite for confession
That our Lord is true in all His works, and in His judgements and His justice,
And His judgements have no respect of persons.
And we pass away from before His face on account of our works,
And all our sins are reckoned up in righteousness.'
10 Now they shall say unto themselves: ' Our souls are full of unrighteous gain, but it
does not prevent us from descending from the midst thereof into the burden of Sheol.'
11 And after that their faces shall be filled with darkness
And shame before that Son of Man,
And they shall be driven from his presence,
And the sword shall abide before his face in their midst.
12 Thus spake the Lord of Spirits: ' This is the ordinance and judgement with respect to
the mighty and the kings and the exalted and those who possess the earth before the Lord
1,2 And other forms I saw hidden in that place. I heard the voice of the angel saying: '
These are the angels who descended to the earth, and revealed what was hidden to the
children of men and seduced the children of men into committing sin.'
1, 2 And in those days Noah saw the earth that it had sunk down and its destruction was
nigh. And he arose from thence and went to the ends of the earth, and cried aloud to his
grandfather Enoch: 3 and Noah said three times with an embittered voice: Hear me, hear
me, hear me.' And I said unto him: ' Tell me what it is that is falling out on the earth that
the earth is in such evil plight 4 and shaken, lest perchance I shall perish with it ? ' And
thereupon there was a great commotion , on the earth, and a voice was heard from
heaven, and I fell on my face. And Enoch my grandfather came and stood by me, and said
unto me: ' Why hast thou cried unto me with a bitter cry and weeping 6 And a command
has gone forth from the presence of the Lord concerning those who dwell on the earth that
their ruin is accomplished because they have learnt all the secrets of the angels, and all the
violence of the Satans, and all their powers -the most secret ones- and all the power of
those who practice sorcery, and the power of witchcraft, and the power of those who
make molten images 7 for the whole earth: And how silver is produced from the dust of
the earth, and how soft metal 8 originates in the earth. For lead and tin are not produced
from the earth like the first: it is a fountain 9 that produces them, and an angel stands
therein, and that angel is pre-eminent.' And after that my grandfather Enoch took hold of
me by my hand and raised me up, and said unto me: ' Go, for I have 10 asked the Lord of
Spirits as touching this commotion on the earth. And He said unto me: " Because of their
unrighteousness their judgement has been determined upon and shall not be withheld by
Me for ever. Because of the sorceries which they have searched out and learnt, the earth
and those 11 who dwell upon it shall be destroyed." And these-they have no place of
repentance for ever, because they have shown them what was hidden, and they are the
damned: but as for thee, my son, the Lord of Spirits knows that thou art pure, and
guiltless of this reproach concerning the secrets.
12 And He has destined thy name to be among the holy,
And will preserve thee amongst those who dwell on the earth,
And has destined thy righteous seed both for kingship and for great honours,
And from thy seed shall proceed a fountain of the righteous and holy without number for
1 And after that he showed me the angels of punishment who are prepared to come and let
loose all the powers of the waters which are beneath in the earth in order to bring
judgement and destruction 2 on all who [abide and] dwell on the earth. And the Lord of
Spirits gave commandment to the angels who were going forth, that they should not cause
the waters to rise but should hold them 3 in check; for those angels were over the powers
of the waters. And I went away from the presence of Enoch.
1 And in those days the word of God came unto me, and He said unto me: ' Noah, thy lot
has come 2 Up before Me, a lot without blame, a lot of love and uprightness. And now
the angels are making a wooden (building), and when they have completed that task I will
place My hand upon it and preserve it, and there shall come forth from it the seed of life,
and a change shall set in so that the 3 earth will not remain without inhabitant. And I will
make fast thy sed before me for ever and ever, and I will spread abroad those who dwell
with thee: it shall not be unfruitful on the face of the earth, but it shall be blessed and
multiply on the earth in the name of the Lord.' 4 And He will imprison those angels, who
have shown unrighteousness, in that burning valley which my grandfather Enoch had
formerly shown to me in the west among the mountains of gold 5 and silver and iron and
soft metal and tin. And I saw that valley in which there was a great 6 convulsion and a
convulsion of the waters. And when all this took place, from that fiery molten metal and
from the convulsion thereof in that place, there was produced a smell of sulphur, and it
was connected with those waters, and that valley of the angels who had led astray
(mankind) burned 7 beneath that land. And through its valleys proceed streams of fire,
where these angels are punished who had led astray those who dwell upon the earth. 8
But those waters shall in those days serve for the kings and the mighty and the exalted,
and those who dwell on the earth, for the healing of the body, but for the punishment of
the spirit; now their spirit is full of lust, that they may be punished in their body, for they
have denied the Lord of Spirits 9 and see their punishment daily, and yet believe not in His
name. And in proportion as the burning of their bodies becomes severe, a corresponding
change shall take place in their spirit for ever and ever; 10 for before the Lord of Spirits
none shall utter an idle word. For the judgement shall come upon them, 11 because they
believe in the lust of their body and deny the Spirit of the Lord. And those same waters
will undergo a change in those days; for when those angels are punished in these waters,
these water-springs shall change their temperature, and when the angels ascend, this water
of the 12 springs shall change and become cold. And I heard Michael answering and
saying: ' This judgement wherewith the angels are judged is a testimony for the kings and
the mighty who possess the 13 earth.' Because these waters of judgement minister to the
healing of the body of the kings and the lust of their body; therefore they will not see and
will not believe that those waters will change and become a fire which burns for ever.
1 And after that my grandfather Enoch gave me the teaching of all the secrets in the book
in the Parables which had been given to him, and he put them together for me in the words
of the book 2 of the Parables. And on that day Michael answered Raphael and said: ' The
power of the spirit transports and makes me to tremble because of the severity of the
judgement of the secrets, the judgement of the angels: who can endure the severe
judgement which has been executed, and before 3 which they melt away ? ' And Michael
answered again, and said to Raphael: ' Who is he whose heart is not softened concerning
it, and whose reins are not troubled by this word of judgement 4 (that) has gone forth
upon them because of those who have thus led them out ? ' And it came to pass when he
stood before the Lord of Spirits, Michael said thus to Raphael: ' I will not take their part
under the eye of the Lord; for the Lord of Spirits has been angry with them because they
do 5 as if they were the Lord. Therefore all that is hidden shall come upon them for ever
and ever; for neither angel nor man shall have his portion (in it), but alone they have
received their judgement for ever and ever.
1 And after this judgement they shall terrify and make them to tremble because they have
shown this to those who dwell on the earth. 2 And behold the names of those angels [and
these are their names: the first of them is Samjaza, the second Artaqifa, and the third
Armen, the fourth Kokabel, the fifth Turael, the sixth Rumjal, the seventh Danjal, the
eighth Neqael, the ninth Baraqel, the tenth Azazel, the eleventh Armaros, the twelfth
Batarjal, the thirteenth Busasejal, the fourteenth Hananel, the fifteenth Turel, and the
sixteenth Simapesiel, the seventeenth Jetrel, the eighteenth Tumael, the nineteenth Turel, 3
the twentieth Rumael, the twenty-first Azazel. And these are the chiefs of their angels and
their names, and their chief ones over hundreds and over fifties and over tens]. 4 The name
of the first Jeqon: that is, the one who led astray [all] the sons of God, and brought them
5 down to the earth, and led them astray through the daughters of men. And the second
was named Asbeel: he imparted to the holy sons of God evil counsel, and led them astray
so that they defiled 6 their bodies with the daughters of men. And the third was named
Gadreel: he it is who showed the children of men all the blows of death, and he led astray
Eve, and showed [the weapons of death to the sons of men] the shield and the coat of
mail, and the sword for battle, and all the weapons 7 of death to the children of men. And
from his hand they have proceeded against those who dwell 8 on the earth from that day
and for evermore. And the fourth was named Penemue: he taught the 9 children of men
the bitter and the sweet, and he taught them all the secrets of their wisdom. And he
instructed mankind in writing with ink and paper, and thereby many sinned from eternity
to 10 eternity and until this day. For men were not created for such a purpose, to give
confirmation 11 to their good faith with pen and ink. For men were created exactly like
the angels, to the intent that they should continue pure and righteous, and death, which
destroys everything, could not have taken hold of them, but through this their knowledge
they are perishing, and through this power 12 it is consuming me. And the fifth was
named Kasdeja: this is he who showed the children of men all the wicked smitings of
spirits and demons, and the smitings of the embryo in the womb, that it may pass away,
and [the smitings of the soul] the bites of the serpent, and the smitings 13 which befall
through the noontide heat, the son of the serpent named Taba'et. And this is the task of
Kasbeel, the chief of the oath which he showed to the holy ones when he dwelt high 4
above in glory, and its name is Biqa. This (angel) requested Michael to show him the
hidden name, that he might enunciate it in the oath, so that those might quake before that
name and oath who revealed all that was in secret to the children of men. And this is the
power of this oath, for it is powerful and strong, and he placed this oath Akae in the hand
16 And these are the secrets of this oath . . .
And they are strong through his oath:
And the heaven was suspended before the world was created,
And for ever.
17 And through it the earth was founded upon the water,
And from the secret recesses of the mountains come beautiful waters,
From the creation of the world and unto eternity.
18 And through that oath the sea was created,
And as its foundation He set for it the sand against the time of (its) anger,
And it dare not pass beyond it from the creation of the world unto eternity.
9 And through that oath are the depths made fast,
And abide and stir not from their place from eternity to eternity.
20 And through that oath the sun and moon complete their course,
And deviate not from their ordinance from eternity to eternity.
21 And through that oath the stars complete their course,
And He calls them by their names,
And they answer Him from eternity to eternity.
22 [And in like manner the spirits of the water, and of the winds, and of all zephyrs, and
(their) paths 23 from all the quarters of the winds. And there are preserved the voices of
the thunder and the light of the lightnings: and there are preserved the chambers of the
hail and the chambers of the 24 hoarfrost, and the chambers of the mist, and the chambers
of the rain and the dew. And all these believe and give thanks before the Lord of Spirits,
and glorify (Him) with all their power, and their food is in every act of thanksgiving: they
thank and glorify and extol the name of the Lord of Spirits for ever and ever.]
25 And this oath is mighty over them
And through it [they are preserved and] their paths are preserved,
And their course is not destroyed.
26 And there was great joy amongst them,
And they blessed and glorified and extolled
Because the name of that Son of Man had been revealed unto them.
27 And he sat on the throne of his glory,
And the sum of judgement was given unto the Son of Man,
And he caused the sinners to pass away and be destroyed from off the face of the
And those who have led the world astray.
28 With chains shall they be bound,
And in their assemblage-place of destruction shall they be imprisoned,
And all their works vanish from the face of the earth.
29 And from henceforth there shall be nothing corruptible;
For that Son of Man has appeared,
And has seated himself on the throne of his glory,
And all evil shall pass away before his face,
And the word of that Son of Man shall go forth
And be strong before the Lord of Spirits.
1 And it came to pass after this that his name during his lifetime was raised aloft to that
Son of 2 Man and to the Lord of Spirits from amongst those who dwell on the earth. And
he was raised aloft 3 on the chariots of the spirit and his name vanished among them. And
from that day I was no longer numbered amongst them: and he set me between the two
winds, between the North and the 4 West, where the angels took the cords to measure for
me the place for the elect and righteous. And there I saw the first fathers and the
righteous who from the beginning dwell in that place.
1 And it came to pass after this that my spirit was translated
And it ascended into the heavens:
And I saw the holy sons of God.
They were stepping on flames of fire:
Their garments were white [and their raiment],
And their faces shone like snow.
2 And I saw two streams of fire,
And the light of that fire shone like hyacinth,
And I fell on my face before the Lord of Spirits.
3 And the angel Michael [one of the archangels] seized me by my right hand,
And lifted me up and led me forth into all the secrets,
And he showed me all the secrets of righteousness.
4 And he showed me all the secrets of the ends of the heaven,
And all the chambers of all the stars, and all the luminaries,
Whence they proceed before the face of the holy ones.
5 And he translated my spirit into the heaven of heavens,
And I saw there as it were a structure built of crystals,
And between those crystals tongues of living fire.
6 And my spirit saw the girdle which girt that house of fire,
And on its four sides were streams full of living fire,
And they girt that house.
7 And round about were Seraphin, Cherubic, and Ophannin:
And these are they who sleep not
And guard the throne of His glory.
8 And I saw angels who could not be counted,
A thousand thousands, and ten thousand times ten thousand,
Encircling that house.
And Michael, and Raphael, and Gabriel, and Phanuel,
And the holy angels who are above the heavens,
Go in and out of that house.
9 And they came forth from that house,
And Michael and Gabriel, Raphael and Phanuel,
And many holy angels without number.
10 And with them the Head of Days,
His head white and pure as wool,
And His raiment indescribable.
11 And I fell on my face,
And my whole body became relaxed,
And my spirit was transfigured;
And I cried with a loud voice, . . .
with the spirit of power,
And blessed and glorified and extolled.
12 And these blessings which went forth out of my mouth were well pleasing before that
Head of Days. And that Head of Days came with Michael and Gabriel, Raphael and
Phanuel, thousands and ten thousands of angels without number.
[Lost passage wherein the Son of Man was described as accompanying the Head of Days,
and Enoch asked one of the angels (as in xlvi. 3) concerning the Son of Man as to who he
14 And he (i.e. the angel) came to me and greeted me with His voice, and said unto me
This is the Son of Man who is born unto righteousness,
And righteousness abides over him,
And the righteousness of the Head of Days forsakes him not.'
15 And he said unto me:
' He proclaims unto thee peace in the name of the world to come;
For from hence has proceeded peace since the creation of the world,
And so shall it be unto thee for ever and for ever and ever.
16 And all shall walk in his ways since righteousness never forsaketh him:
With him will be their dwelling-places, and with him their heritage,
And they shall not be separated from him for ever and ever and ever.
And so there shall be length of days with that Son of Man,
And the righteous shall have peace and an upright way
In the name of the Lord of Spirits for ever and ever.'
Section III. Chapters LXXII-LXXXII
The Book of the Heavenly Luminaries
1 The book of the courses of the luminaries of the heaven, the relations of each, according
to their classes, their dominion and their seasons, according to their names and places of
origin, and according to their months, which Uriel, the holy angel, who was with me, who
is their guide, showed me; and he showed me all their laws exactly as they are, and how it
is with regard to all the years of the world 2 and unto eternity, till the new creation is
accomplished which dureth till eternity. And this is the first law of the luminaries: the
luminary the Sun has its rising in the eastern portals of the heaven, 3 and its setting in the
western portals of the heaven. And I saw six portals in which the sun rises, and six portals
in which the sun sets and the moon rises and sets in these portals, and the leaders of the
stars and those whom they lead: six in the east and six in the west, and all following each
other 4 in accurately corresponding order: also many windows to the right and left of
these portals. And first there goes forth the great luminary, named the Sun, and his
circumference is like the 5 circumference of the heaven, and he is quite filled with
illuminating and heating fire. The chariot on which he ascends, the wind drives, and the
sun goes down from the heaven and returns through the north in order to reach the east,
and is so guided that he comes to the appropriate (lit. ' that ') portal and 6 shines in the
face of the heaven. In this way he rises in the first month in the great portal, which 7 is the
fourth [those six portals in the cast]. And in that fourth portal from which the sun rises in
the first month are twelve window-openings, from which proceed a flame when they are
opened in 8 their season. When the sun rises in the heaven, he comes forth through that
fourth portal thirty, 9 mornings in succession, and sets accurately in the fourth portal in
the west of the heaven. And during this period the day becomes daily longer and the night
nightly shorter to the thirtieth 10 morning. On that day the day is longer than the night by
a ninth part, and the day amounts exactly to ten parts and the night to eight parts. And the
sun rises from that fourth portal, and sets in the fourth and returns to the fifth portal of the
east thirty mornings, and rises from it and sets in the fifth 12 portal. And then the day
becomes longer by two parts and amounts to eleven parts, and the night 13 becomes
shorter and amounts to seven parts. And it returns to the east and enters into the sixth 14
portal, and rises and sets in the sixth portal one-and-thirty mornings on account of its sign.
On that day the day becomes longer than the night, and the day becomes double the night,
and the day 15 becomes twelve parts, and the night is shortened and becomes six parts.
And the sun mounts up to make the day shorter and the night longer, and the sun returns
to the east and enters into the 16 sixth portal, and rises from it and sets thirty mornings.
And when thirty mornings are accomplished, 17 the day decreases by exactly one part, and
becomes eleven parts, and the night seven. And the sun goes forth from that sixth portal
in the west, and goes to the east and rises in the fifth portal for 18 thirty mornings, and
sets in the west again in the fifth western portal. On that day the day decreases by two
parts, and amounts to ten parts and the night to eight parts. And the sun goes forth from
that fifth portal and sets in the fifth portal of the west, and rises in the fourth portal for
one- 20 and-thirty mornings on account of its sign, and sets in the west. On that day the
day is equalized with the night, [and becomes of equal length], and the night amounts to
nine parts and the day to 21 nine parts. And the sun rises from that portal and sets in the
west, and returns to the east and rises 22 thirty mornings in the third portal and sets in the
west in the third portal. And on that day the night becomes longer than the day, and night
becomes longer than night, and day shorter than day till the thirtieth morning, and the
night amounts exactly to ten parts and the day to eight 23 parts. And the sun rises from
that third portal and sets in the third portal in the west and returns to the east, and for
thirty mornings rises 24 in the second portal in the east, and in like manner sets in the
second portal in the west of the heaven. And on that day the night amounts to eleven 25
parts and the day to seven parts. And the sun rises on that day from that second portal
and sets in the west in the second portal, and returns to the east into the first portal for
one-and-thirty 26 mornings, and sets in the first portal in the west of the heaven. And on
that day the night becomes longer and amounts to the double of the day: and the night
amounts exactly to twelve parts and 27 the day to six. And the sun has (therewith)
traversed the divisions of his orbit and turns again on those divisions of his orbit, and
enters that portal thirty mornings and sets also in the west 28 opposite to it. And on that
night has the night decreased in length by a ninth part, and the night 29 has become eleven
parts and the day seven parts. And the sun has returned and entered into the second portal
in the east, and returns on those his divisions of his orbit for thirty mornings, rising 30 and
setting. And on that day the night decreases in length, and the night amounts to ten parts
31 and the day to eight. And on that day the sun rises from that portal, and sets in the
west, and returns to the east, and rises in the third portal for one-and-thirty mornings, and
sets in the west of the heaven. 32 On that day the night decreases and amounts to nine
parts, and the day to nine parts, and the night 33 is equal to the day and the year is exactly
as to its days three hundred and sixty-four. And the length of the day and of the night, and
the shortness of the day and of the night arise-through the course 34 of the sun these
distinctions are made (lit. ' they are separated '). So it comes that its course becomes 35
daily longer, and its course nightly shorter. And this is the law and the course of the sun,
and his return as often as he returns sixty times and rises, i.e. the great luminary which is
named the sun, for ever and ever. And that which (thus) rises is the great luminary, and is
so named according to 37 its appearance, according as the Lord commanded. As he rises,
so he sets and decreases not, and rests not, but runs day and night, and his light is
sevenfold brighter than that of the moon; but as regards size they are both equal.
1 And after this law I saw another law dealing with the smaller luminary, which is named
the Moon. And her circumference is like the circumference of the heaven, and her chariot
in which she rides is driven by the wind, and light is given to her in (definite) measure.
And her rising and setting change every month: and her days are like the days of the sun,
and when her light is uniform (i.e. full) it amounts to the seventh part of the light of the
sun. And thus she rises. And her first phase in the east comes forth on the thirtieth
morning: and on that day she becomes visible, and constitutes for you the first phase of
the moon on the thirtieth day together with the sun in the portal where the sun rises. And
the one half of her goes forth by a seventh part, and her whole circumference is empty,
without light, with the exception of one-seventh part of it, (and) the 6 fourteenth part of
her light. And when she receives one-seventh part of the half of her light, her light 7
amounts to one-seventh part and the half thereof. And she sets with the sun, and when the
sun rises the moon rises with him and receives the half of one part of light, and in that
night in the beginning of her morning [in the commencement of the lunar day] the moon
sets with the sun, and 8 is invisible that night with the fourteen parts and the half of one of
them. And she rises on that day with exactly a seventh part, and comes forth and recedes
from the rising of the sun, and in her remaining days she becomes bright in the (remaining)
1 And I saw another course, a law for her, (and) how according to that law she performs
her monthly 2 revolution. And all these Uriel, the holy angel who is the leader of them all,
showed to me, and their positions, and I wrote down their positions as he showed them to
me, and I wrote down their months 3 as they were, and the appearance of their lights till
fifteen days were accomplished. In single seventh parts she accomplishes all her light in
the east, and in single seventh parts accomplishes all her 4 darkness in the west. And in
certain months she alters her settings, and in certain months she pursues 5 her own
peculiar course. In two months the moon sets with the sun: in those two middle portals
the 6 third and the fourth. She goes forth for seven days, and turns about and returns
again through the portal where the sun rises, and accomplishes all her light: and she
recedes from the sun, and in eight 7 days enters the sixth portal from which the sun goes
forth. And when the sun goes forth from the fourth portal she goes forth seven days, until
she goes forth from the fifth and turns back again in seven days into the fourth portal and
accomplishes all her light: and she recedes and enters into the 8 first portal in eight days.
And she returns again in seven days into the fourth portal from which the 9, 10 sun goes
forth. Thus I saw their position -how the moons rose and the sun set in those days. And
if five years are added together the sun has an overplus of thirty days, and all the days
which accrue 11 to it for one of those five years, when they are full, amount to 364 days.
And the overplus of the sun and of the stars amounts to six days: in 5 years 6 days every
year come to 30 days: and the 12 moon falls behind the sun and stars to the number of 30
days. And the sun and the stars bring in all the years exactly, so that they do not advance
or delay their position by a single day unto eternity; but complete the years with perfect
justice in 364 days. In 3 years there are 1,092 days, and in 5 years 1,820 days, so that in 8
years there are 2,912 days. For the moon alone the days amount in 3 years to 1,062 days,
and in 5 years she falls 50 days behind: [i.e. to the sum (of 1,770) there is 5 to be added
(1,000 and) 62 days.] And in 5 years there are 1,770 days, so that for the moon the days 6
in 8 years amount to 21,832 days. [For in 8 years she falls behind to the amount of 80
days], all the 17 days she falls behind in 8 years are 80. And the year is accurately
completed in conformity with their world-stations and the stations of the sun, which rise
from the portals through which it (the sun) rises and sets 30 days.
1 And the leaders of the heads of the thousands, who are placed over the whole creation
and over all the stars, have also to do with the four intercalary days, being inseparable
from their office, according to the reckoning of the year, and these render service on the
four days which are not 2 reckoned in the reckoning of the year. And owing to them men
go wrong therein, for those luminaries truly render service on the world-stations, one in
the first portal, one in the third portal of the heaven, one in the fourth portal, and one in
the sixth portal, and the exactness of the year is 3 accomplished through its separate three
hundred and sixty-four stations. For the signs and the times and the years and the days the
angel Uriel showed to me, whom the Lord of glory hath set for ever over all the luminaries
of the heaven, in the heaven and in the world, that they should rule on the face of the
heaven and be seen on the earth, and be leaders for the day and the night, i.e. the sun,
moon, and stars, and all the ministering creatures which make their revolution in all the
chariots 4 of the heaven. In like manner twelve doors Uriel showed me, open in the
circumference of the sun's chariot in the heaven, through which the rays of the sun break
forth: and from them is warmth 5 diffused over the earth, when they are opened at their
appointed seasons. [And for the winds and 6 the spirit of the dew when they are opened,
standing open in the heavens at the ends.] As for the twelve portals in the heaven, at the
ends of the earth, out of which go forth the sun, moon, and stars, 7 and all the works of
heaven in the east and in the west, There are many windows open to the left and right of
them, and one window at its (appointed) season produces warmth, corresponding (as
these do) to those doors from which the stars come forth according as He has commanded
them, 8 and wherein they set corresponding to their number. And I saw chariots in the
heaven, running 9 in the world, above those portals in which revolve the stars that never
set. And one is larger than all the rest, and it is that that makes its course through the
1 And at the ends of the earth I saw twelve portals open to all the quarters (of the
heaven), from 2 which the winds go forth and blow over the earth. Three of them are
open on the face (i.e. the east) of the heavens, and three in the west, and three on the
right (i.e. the south) of the heaven, and 3 three on the left (i.e. the north). And the three
first are those of the east, and three are of the 4 north, and three [after those on the left] of
the south, and three of the west. Through four of these come winds of blessing and
prosperity, and from those eight come hurtful winds: when they are sent, they bring
destruction on all the earth and on the water upon it, and on all who dwell thereon, and on
everything which is in the water and on the land. 5 And the first wind from those portals,
called the east wind, comes forth through the first portal which is in the east, inclining
towards the south: from it come forth desolation, drought, heat, 6 and destruction. And
through the second portal in the middle comes what is fitting, and from it there come rain
and fruitfulness and prosperity and dew; and through the third portal which lies toward the
north come cold and drought. 7 And after these come forth the south winds through three
portals: through the first portal of 8 them inclining to the east comes forth a hot wind.
And through the middle portal next to it there 9 come forth fragrant smells, and dew and
rain, and prosperity and health. And through the third portal lying to the west come forth
dew and rain, locusts and desolation. 10 And after these the north winds: from the
seventh portal in the east come dew and rain, locusts and desolation. And from the middle
portal come in a direct direction health and rain and dew and prosperity; and through the
third portal in the west come cloud and hoar-frost, and snow and rain, and dew and
locusts. 12 And after these [four] are the west winds: through the first portal adjoining
the north come forth dew and hoar-frost, and cold and snow and frost. And from the
middle portal come forth dew and rain, and prosperity and blessing; and through the last
portal which adjoins the south come forth drought and desolation, and burning and
destruction. And the twelve portals of the four quarters of the heaven are therewith
completed, and all their laws and all their plagues and all their benefactions have I shown
to thee, my son Methuselah.
1 And the first quarter is called the east, because it is the first: and the second, the south,
because the Most High will descend there, yea, there in quite a special sense will He who
is blessed for ever 2 descend. And the west quarter is named the diminished, because
there all the luminaries of the 3 heaven wane and go down. And the fourth quarter, named
the north, is divided into three parts: the first of them is for the dwelling of men: and the
second contains seas of water, and the abysses and forests and rivers, and darkness and
clouds; and the third part contains the garden of righteousness. 4 I saw seven high
mountains, higher than all the mountains which are on the earth: and thence 5 comes forth
hoar-frost, and days, seasons, and years pass away. I saw seven rivers on the earth larger
than all the rivers: one of them coming from the west pours its waters into the Great Sea.
6 And these two come from the north to the sea and pour their waters into the Erythraean
Sea in the 7 east. And the remaining, four come forth on the side of the north to their own
sea, two of them to the Erythraean Sea, and two into the Great Sea and discharge
themselves there [and some say: 8 into the desert]. Seven great islands I saw in the sea
and in the mainland: two in the mainland and five in the Great Sea.
1, 2 And the names of the sun are the following: the first Orjares, and the second Tomas.
And the moon has four names: the first name is Asonja, the second Ebla, the third
Benase, and the fourth 3 Erae. These are the two great luminaries: their circumference is
like the circumference of the 4 heaven, and the size of the circumference of both is alike.
In the circumference of the sun there are seven portions of light which are added to it
more than to the moon, and in definite measures it is s transferred till the seventh portion
of the sun is exhausted. And they set and enter the portals of the west, and make their
revolution by the north, and come forth through the eastern portals 6 on the face of the
heaven. And when the moon rises one-fourteenth part appears in the heaven: 7 [the light
becomes full in her]: on the fourteenth day she accomplishes her light. And fifteen parts
of light are transferred to her till the fifteenth day (when) her light is accomplished,
according to the sign of the year, and she becomes fifteen parts, and the moon grows by
(the addition of) fourteenth 8 parts. And in her waning (the moon) decreases on the first
day to fourteen parts of her light, on the second to thirteen parts of light, on the third to
twelve, on the fourth to eleven, on the fifth to ten, on the sixth to nine, on the seventh to
eight, on the eighth to seven, on the ninth to six, on the tenth to five, on the eleventh to
four, on the twelfth to three, on the thirteenth to two, on the 9 fourteenth to the half of a
seventh, and all her remaining light disappears wholly on the fifteenth. And 10 in certain
months the month has twenty-nine days and once twenty-eight. And Uriel showed me
another law: when light is transferred to the moon, and on which side it is transferred to
her by the sun. During all the period during which the moon is growing in her light, she is
transferring it to herself when opposite to the sun during fourteen days [her light is
accomplished in the heaven, 12 and when she is illumined throughout, her light is
accomplished full in the heaven. And on the first 13 day she is called the new moon, for
on that day the light rises upon her. She becomes full moon exactly on the day when the
sun sets in the west, and from the east she rises at night, and the moon shines the whole
night through till the sun rises over against her and the moon is seen over against the sun.
On the side whence the light of the moon comes forth, there again she wanes till all the
light vanishes and all the days of the month are at an end, and her circumference is empty,
void of 5 light. And three months she makes of thirty days, and at her time she makes
three months of twenty- nine days each, in which she accomplishes her waning in the first
period of time, and in the first 6 portal for one hundred and seventy-seven days. And in
the time of her going out she appears for three months (of) thirty days each, and for three
months she appears (of) twenty-nine each. At night she appears like a man for twenty
days each time, and by day she appears like the heaven, and there is nothing else in her
save her light.
1 And now, my son, I have shown thee everything, and the law of all the stars of the
heaven is 2 completed. And he showed me all the laws of these for every day, and for
every season of bearing rule, and for every year, and for its going forth, and for the order
prescribed to it every month 3 and every week: And the waning of the moon which takes
place in the sixth portal: for in this 4 sixth portal her light is accomplished, and after that
there is the beginning of the waning: (And the waning) which takes place in the first portal
in its season, till one hundred and seventy-seven 5 days are accomplished: reckoned
according to weeks, twenty-five (weeks) and two days. She falls behind the sun and the
order of the stars exactly five days in the course of one period, and when 6 this place
which thou seest has been traversed. Such is the picture and sketch of every luminary
which Uriel the archangel, who is their leader, showed unto me.
1 And in those days the angel Uriel answered and said to me: ' Behold, I have shown thee
everything, Enoch, and I have revealed everything to thee that thou shouldst see this sun
and this moon, and the leaders of the stars of the heaven and all those who turn them, their
tasks and times and departures.
2 And in the days of the sinners the years shall be shortened,
And their seed shall be tardy on their lands and fields,
And all things on the earth shall alter,
And shall not appear in their time:
And the rain shall be kept back
And the heaven shall withhold (it).
3 And in those times the fruits of the earth shall be backward,
And shall not grow in their time,
And the fruits of the trees shall be withheld in their time.
4 And the moon shall alter her order,
And not appear at her time.
5 [And in those days the sun shall be seen and he shall journey in the evening on the
extremity of the great chariot in the west]
And shall shine more brightly than accords with the order of light.
6 And many chiefs of the stars shall transgress the order (prescribed).
And these shall alter their orbits and tasks,
And not appear at the seasons prescribed to them.
7 And the whole order of the stars shall be concealed from the sinners,
And the thoughts of those on the earth shall err concerning them,
[And they shall be altered from all their ways],
Yea, they shall err and take them to be gods.
8 And evil shall be multiplied upon them,
And punishment shall come upon them So as to destroy all.'
1 And he said unto me:
' Observe, Enoch, these heavenly tablets,
And read what is written thereon,
And mark every individual fact.'
2 And I observed the heavenly tablets, and read everything which was written (thereon)
and understood everything, and read the book of all the deeds of mankind, and of all the
children of flesh 3 that shall be upon the earth to the remotest generations. And forthwith
I blessed the great Lord the King of glory for ever, in that He has made all the works of
And I extolled the Lord because of His patience,
And blessed Him because of the children of men.
4 And after that I said:
' Blessed is the man who dies in righteousness and goodness,
Concerning whom there is no book of unrighteousness written,
And against whom no day of judgement shall be found.'
5 And those seven holy ones brought me and placed me on the earth before the door of
my house, and said to me: ' Declare everything to thy son Methuselah, and show to all thy
children that no 6 flesh is righteous in the sight of the Lord, for He is their Creator. One
year we will leave thee with thy son, till thou givest thy (last) commands, that thou mayest
teach thy children and record (it) for them, and testify to all thy children; and in the second
year they shall take thee from their midst.
7 Let thy heart be strong,
For the good shall announce righteousness to the good;
The righteous with the righteous shall rejoice,
And shall offer congratulation to one another.
8 But the sinners shall die with the sinners,
And the apostate go down with the apostate.
9 And those who practice righteousness shall die on account of the deeds of men,
And be taken away on account of the doings of the godless.'
10 And in those days they ceased to speak to me, and I came to my people, blessing the
Lord of the world.
1 And now, my son Methuselah, all these things I am recounting to thee and writing down
for thee! and I have revealed to thee everything, and given thee books concerning all
these: so preserve, my son Methuselah, the books from thy father's hand, and (see) that
thou deliver them to the generations of the world.
2 I have given Wisdom to thee and to thy children,
[And thy children that shall be to thee],
That they may give it to their children for generations,
This wisdom (namely) that passeth their thought.
3 And those who understand it shall not sleep,
But shall listen with the ear that they may learn this wisdom,
And it shall please those that eat thereof better than good food.
4 Blessed are all the righteous, blessed are all those who walk In the way of righteousness
and sin not as the sinners, in the reckoning of all their days in which the sun traverses the
heaven, entering into and departing from the portals for thirty days with the heads of
thousands of the order of the stars, together with the four which are intercalated which
divide the four portions of the year, which 5 lead them and enter with them four days.
Owing to them men shall be at fault and not reckon them in the whole reckoning of the
year: yea, men shall be at fault, and not recognize them 6 accurately. For they belong to
the reckoning of the year and are truly recorded (thereon) for ever, one in the first portal
and one in the third, and one in the fourth and one in the sixth, and the year is completed
in three hundred and sixty-four days. 7 And the account thereof is accurate and the
recorded reckoning thereof exact; for the luminaries, and months and festivals, and years
and days, has Uriel shown and revealed to me, to whom the 8 Lord of the whole creation
of the world hath subjected the host of heaven. And he has power over night and day in
the heaven to cause the light to give light to men -sun, moon, and stars, 9 and all the
powers of the heaven which revolve in their circular chariots. And these are the orders of
the stars, which set in their places, and in their seasons and festivals and months. 10 And
these are the names of those who lead them, who watch that they enter at their times, in
their orders, in their seasons, in their months, in their periods of dominion, and in their
positions. Their four leaders who divide the four parts of the year enter first; and after
them the twelve leaders of the orders who divide the months; and for the three hundred
and sixty (days) there are heads over thousands who divide the days; and for the four
intercalary days there are the leaders which sunder 12 the four parts of the year. And
these heads over thousands are intercalated between 13 leader and leader, each behind a
station, but their leaders make the division. And these are the names of the leaders who
divide the four parts of the year which are ordained: Milki'el, Hel'emmelek, and Mel'ejal,
14 and Narel. And the names of those who lead them: Adnar'el, and Ijasusa'el, and
'Elome'el- these three follow the leaders of the orders, and there is one that follows the
three leaders of the orders which follow those leaders of stations that divide the four parts
of the year. In the beginning of the year Melkejal rises first and rules, who is named
Tam'aini and sun, and 16 all the days of his dominion whilst he bears rule are ninety-one
days. And these are the signs of the days which are to be seen on earth in the days of his
dominion: sweat, and heat, and calms; and all the trees bear fruit, and leaves are produced
on all the trees, and the harvest of wheat, and the rose-flowers, and all the flowers which
come forth in the field, but the trees of the winter season become withered. And these are
the names of the leaders which are under them: Berka'el, Zelebs'el, and another who is
added a head of a thousand, called Hilujaseph: and the days of the dominion of this
(leader) are at an end. 18 The next leader after him is Hel'emmelek, whom one names the
shining sun, and all the days 19 of his light are ninety-one days. And these are the signs of
(his) days on the earth: glowing heat and dryness, and the trees ripen their fruits and
produce all their fruits ripe and ready, and the sheep pair and become pregnant, and all the
fruits of the earth are gathered in, and everything that is 20 in the fields, and the
winepress: these things take place in the days of his dominion. These are the names, and
the orders, and the leaders of those heads of thousands: Gida'ljal, Ke'el, and He'el, and the
name of the head of a thousand which is added to them, Asfa'el: and the days of his
dominion are at an end.
Section IV. Chapters LXXXIII-XC.
1 And now, my son Methuselah, I will show thee all my visions which I have seen,
recounting 2 them before thee. Two visions I saw before I took a wife, and the one was
quite unlike the other: the first when I was learning to write: the second before I took thy
mother, (when) I saw a terrible 3 vision. And regarding them I prayed to the Lord. I had
laid me down in the house of my grandfather Mahalalel, (when) I saw in a vision how the
heaven collapsed and was borne off and fell to 4 the earth. And when it fell to the earth I
saw how the earth was swallowed up in a great abyss, and mountains were suspended on
mountains, and hills sank down on hills, and high trees were rent 5 from their stems, and
hurled down and sunk in the abyss. And thereupon a word fell into my mouth, 6 and I
lifted up (my voice) to cry aloud, and said: ' The earth is destroyed.' And my grandfather
Mahalalel waked me as I lay near him, and said unto me: ' Why dost thou cry so, my son,
and why 7 dost thou make such lamentation?' And I recounted to him the whole vision
which I had seen, and he said unto me: ' A terrible thing hast thou seen, my son, and of
grave moment is thy dream- vision as to the secrets of all the sin of the earth: it must sink
into the abyss and be destroyed with 8 a great destruction. And now, my son, arise and
make petition to the Lord of glory, since thou art a believer, that a remnant may remain on
the earth, and that He may not destroy the whole 9 earth. My son, from heaven all this
will come upon the earth, and upon the earth there will be great 10 destruction. After that
I arose and prayed and implored and besought, and wrote down my prayer for the
generations of the world, and I will show everything to thee, my son Methuselah. And
when I had gone forth below and seen the heaven, and the sun rising in the east, and the
moon setting in the west, and a few stars, and the whole earth, and everything as He had
known it in the beginning, then I blessed the Lord of judgement and extolled Him because
He had made the sun to go forth from the windows of the east, and he ascended and rose
on the face of the heaven, and set out and kept traversing the path shown unto him.
1 And I lifted up my hands in righteousness and blessed the Holy and Great One, and
spake with the breath of my mouth, and with the tongue of flesh, which God has made for
the children of the flesh of men, that they should speak therewith, and He gave them
breath and a tongue and a mouth that they should speak therewith:
2 Blessed be Thou, O Lord, King,
Great and mighty in Thy greatness,
Lord of the whole creation of the heaven,
King of kings and God of the whole world.
And Thy power and kingship and greatness abide for ever and ever,
And throughout all generations Thy dominion;
And all the heavens are Thy throne for ever,
And the whole earth Thy footstool for ever and ever.
3 For Thou hast made and Thou rulest all things,
And nothing is too hard for Thee,
Wisdom departs not from the place of Thy throne,
Nor turns away from Thy presence.
And Thou knowest and seest and hearest everything,
And there is nothing hidden from Thee [for Thou seest everything].
4 And now the angels of Thy heavens are guilty of trespass,
And upon the flesh of men abideth Thy wrath until the great day of judgement.
5 And now, O God and Lord and Great King,
I implore and beseech Thee to fulfil my prayer,
To leave me a posterity on earth,
And not destroy all the flesh of man,
And make the earth without inhabitant,
So that there should be an eternal destruction.
6 And now, my Lord, destroy from the earth the flesh which has aroused Thy wrath,
But the flesh of righteousness and uprightness establish as a plant of the eternal seed,
And hide not Thy face from the prayer of Thy servant, O Lord.'
1,2 And after this I saw another dream, and I will show the whole dream to thee, my son.
And Enoch lifted up (his voice) and spake to his son Methuselah: ' To thee, my son, will I
speak: hear my words-incline thine ear to the dream-vision of thy father. Before I took
thy mother Edna, I saw in a vision on my bed, and behold a bull came forth from the earth,
and that bull was white; and after it came forth a heifer, and along with this (latter) came
forth two bulls, one of them black and 4 the other red. And that black bull gored the red
one and pursued him over the earth, and thereupon 5 I could no longer see that red bull.
But that black bull grew and that heifer went with him, and 6 I saw that many oxen
proceeded from him which resembled and followed him. And that cow, that first one,
went from the presence of that first bull in order to seek that red one, but found him 7 not,
and lamented with a great lamentation over him and sought him. And I looked till that
first 8 bull came to her and quieted her, and from that time onward she cried no more.
And after that she bore another white bull, and after him she bore many bulls and black
cows. 9 And I saw in my sleep that white bull likewise grow and become a great white
bull, and from Him proceeded many white bulls, and they resembled him. And they began
to beget many white bulls, which resembled them, one following the other, (even)
1 And again I saw with mine eyes as I slept, and I saw the heaven above, and behold a star
fell 2 from heaven, and it arose and eat and pastured amongst those oxen. And after that I
saw the large and the black oxen, and behold they all changed their stalls and pastures and
their cattle, and began 3 to live with each other. And again I saw in the vision, and looked
towards the heaven, and behold I saw many stars descend and cast themselves down from
heaven to that first star, and they became 4 bulls amongst those cattle and pastured with
them [amongst them]. And I looked at them and saw, and behold they all let out their
privy members, like horses, and began to cover the cows of the oxen, 5 and they all
became pregnant and bare elephants, camels, and asses. And all the oxen feared them and
were affrighted at them, and began to bite with their teeth and to devour, and to gore with
their 6 horns. And they began, moreover, to devour those oxen; and behold all the
children of the earth began to tremble and quake before them and to flee from them.
1 And again I saw how they began to gore each other and to devour each other, and the
earth 2 began to cry aloud. And I raised mine eyes again to heaven, and I saw in the
vision, and behold there came forth from heaven beings who were like white men: and
four went forth from that place 3 and three with them. And those three that had last come
forth grasped me by my hand and took me up, away from the generations of the earth, and
raised me up to a lofty place, and showed me 4 a tower raised high above the earth, and all
the hills were lower. And one said unto me: ' Remain here till thou seest everything that
befalls those elephants, camels, and asses, and the stars and the oxen, and all of them.'
1 And I saw one of those four who had come forth first, and he seized that first star which
had fallen from the heaven, and bound it hand and foot and cast it into an abyss: now that
abyss was 2 narrow and deep, and horrible and dark. And one of them drew a sword, and
gave it to those elephants and camels and asses: then they began to smite each other, and
the whole earth quaked 3 because of them. And as I was beholding in the vision, lo, one
of those four who had come forth stoned (them) from heaven, and gathered and took all
the great stars whose privy members were like those of horses, and bound them all hand
and foot, and cast them in an abyss of the earth.
1 And one of those four went to that white bull and instructed him in a secret, without his
being terrified: he was born a bull and became a man, and built for himself a great vessel
and dwelt thereon; 2 and three bulls dwelt with him in that vessel and they were covered
in. And again I raised mine eyes towards heaven and saw a lofty roof, with seven water
torrents thereon, and those torrents 3 flowed with much water into an enclosure. And I
saw again, and behold fountains were opened on the surface of that great enclosure, and
that water began to swell and rise upon the surface, 4 and I saw that enclosure till all its
surface was covered with water. And the water, the darkness, and mist increased upon it;
and as I looked at the height of that water, that water had risen above the height of that
enclosure, and was streaming over that enclosure, and it stood upon the earth. 5 And all
the cattle of that enclosure were gathered together until I saw how they sank and were 6
swallowed up and perished in that water. But that vessel floated on the water, while all
the oxen and elephants and camels and asses sank to the bottom with all the animals, so
that I could no longer see them, and they were not able to escape, (but) perished and sank
into the depths. And again I saw in the vision till those water torrents were removed from
that high roof, and the chasms 8 of the earth were leveled up and other abysses were
opened. Then the water began to run down into these, till the earth became visible; but
that vessel settled on the earth, and the darkness 9 retired and light appeared. But that
white bull which had become a man came out of that vessel, and the three bulls with him,
and one of those three was white like that bull, and one of them was red as blood, and one
black: and that white bull departed from them. 10 And they began to bring forth beasts of
the field and birds, so that there arose different genera: lions, tigers, wolves, dogs, hyenas,
wild boars, foxes, squirrels, swine, falcons, vultures, kites, eagles, and ravens; and among
them was born a white bull. And they began to bite one another; but that white bull which
was born amongst them begat a wild ass and a white bull with it, and the 12 wild asses
multiplied. But that bull which was born from him begat a black wild boar and a white 13
sheep; and the former begat many boars, but that sheep begat twelve sheep. And when
those twelve sheep had grown, they gave up one of them to the asses, and those asses
again gave up that sheep to the wolves, and that sheep grew up among the wolves. And
the Lord brought the eleven sheep to live with it and to pasture with it among the wolves:
and they multiplied and became many flocks of sheep. And the wolves began to fear them,
and they oppressed them until they destroyed their little ones, and they cast their young
into a river of much water: but those sheep began to 16 cry aloud on account of their little
ones, and to complain unto their Lord. And a sheep which had been saved from the
wolves fled and escaped to the wild asses; and I saw the sheep how they lamented and
cried, and besought their Lord with all their might, till that Lord of the sheep descended at
the voice of the sheep from a lofty abode, and came to them and pastured them. And He
called that sheep which had escaped the wolves, and spake with it concerning the wolves
that it should 18 admonish them not to touch the sheep. And the sheep went to the
wolves according to the word of the Lord, and another sheep met it and went with it, and
the two went and entered together into the assembly of those wolves, and spake with them
and admonished them not to touch the 19 sheep from henceforth. And thereupon I saw
the wolves, and how they oppressed the sheep 20 exceedingly with all their power; and the
sheep cried aloud. And the Lord came to the sheep and they began to smite those wolves:
and the wolves began to make lamentation; but the sheep became 21 quiet and forthwith
ceased to cry out. And I saw the sheep till they departed from amongst the wolves; but
the eyes of the wolves were blinded, and those wolves departed in pursuit of the sheep 22
with all their power. And the Lord of the sheep went with them, as their leader, and all
His sheep 23 followed Him: and his face was dazzling and glorious and terrible to behold.
But the wolves 24 began to pursue those sheep till they reached a sea of water. And that
sea was divided, and the water stood on this side and on that before their face, and their
Lord led them and placed Himself between 25 them and the wolves. And as those wolves
did not yet see the sheep, they proceeded into the midst of that sea, and the wolves
followed the sheep, and [those wolves] ran after them into that sea. 26 And when they
saw the Lord of the sheep, they turned to flee before His face, but that sea gathered itself
together, and became as it had been created, and the water swelled and rose till it covered
27 those wolves. And I saw till all the wolves who pursued those sheep perished and were
drowned. 28 But the sheep escaped from that water and went forth into a wilderness,
where there was no water and no grass; and they began to open their eyes and to see; and
I saw the Lord of the sheep 29 pasturing them and giving them water and grass, and that
sheep going and leading them. And that 30 sheep ascended to the summit of that lofty
rock, and the Lord of the sheep sent it to them. And after that I saw the Lord of the sheep
who stood before them, and His appearance was great and 31 terrible and majestic, and all
those sheep saw Him and were afraid before His face. And they all feared and trembled
because of Him, and they cried to that sheep with them [which was amongst 32 them]: '
We are not able to stand before our Lord or to behold Him.' And that sheep which led
them again ascended to the summit of that rock, but the sheep began to be blinded and to
wander 33 from the way which he had showed them, but that sheep wot not thereof. And
the Lord of the sheep was wrathful exceedingly against them, and that sheep discovered it,
and went down from the summit of the rock, and came to the sheep, and found the
greatest part of them blinded and fallen 34 away. And when they saw it they feared and
trembled at its presence, and desired to return to their 35 folds. And that sheep took other
sheep with it, and came to those sheep which had fallen away, and began to slay them; and
the sheep feared its presence, and thus that sheep brought back those 36 sheep that had
fallen away, and they returned to their folds. And I saw in this vision till that sheep
became a man and built a house for the Lord of the sheep, and placed all the sheep in that
house. 37 And I saw till this sheep which had met that sheep which led them fell asleep:
and I saw till all the great sheep perished and little ones arose in their place, and they came
to a pasture, and 38 approached a stream of water. Then that sheep, their leader which
had become a man, withdrew 39 from them and fell asleep, and all the sheep sought it and
cried over it with a great crying. And I saw till they left off crying for that sheep and
crossed that stream of water, and there arose the two sheep as leaders in the place of those
which had led them and fallen asleep (lit. ' had fallen asleep and led 40 them '). And I saw
till the sheep came to a goodly place, and a pleasant and glorious land, and I saw till those
sheep were satisfied; and that house stood amongst them in the pleasant land. 41 And
sometimes their eyes were opened, and sometimes blinded, till another sheep arose and led
them and brought them all back, and their eyes were opened. 42 And the dogs and the
foxes and the wild boars began to devour those sheep till the Lord of the sheep raised up
[another sheep] a ram from their 43 midst, which led them. And that ram began to butt on
either side those dogs, foxes, and wild 44 boars till he had destroyed them all. And that
sheep whose eyes were opened saw that ram, which was amongst the sheep, till it forsook
its glory and began to butt those sheep, and trampled upon them, and behaved itself 45
unseemly. And the Lord of the sheep sent the lamb to another lamb and raised it to being
a ram and leader of the sheep instead of that 46 ram which had forsaken its glory. And it
went to it and spake to it alone, and raised it to being a ram, and made it the prince and
leader of the sheep; but during all these things those dogs 47 oppressed the sheep. And
the first ram pursued that second ram, and that second ram arose and fled before it; and I
saw till those dogs pulled 48 down the first ram. And that second ram arose 49 and led
the [little] sheep. And those sheep grew and multiplied; but all the dogs, and foxes, and
wild boars feared and fled before it, and that ram butted and killed the wild beasts, and
those wild beasts had no longer any power among the 48b sheep and robbed them no
more of ought. And that ram begat many sheep and fell asleep; and a little sheep became
ram in its stead, and became prince and leader of those sheep. 50 And that house became
great and broad, and it was built for those sheep: (and) a tower lofty and great was built
on the house for the Lord of the sheep, and that house was low, but the tower was
elevated and lofty, and the Lord of the sheep stood on that tower and they offered a full
table before Him. 51 And again I saw those sheep that they again erred and went many
ways, and forsook that their house, and the Lord of the sheep called some from amongst
the sheep and sent them to the sheep, 52 but the sheep began to slay them. And one of
them was saved and was not slain, and it sped away and cried aloud over the sheep; and
they sought to slay it, but the Lord of the sheep saved it from 53 the sheep, and brought it
up to me, and caused it to dwell there. And many other sheep He sent to those sheep to
testify unto them and lament over them. And after that I saw that when they forsook the
house of the Lord and His tower they fell away entirely, and their eyes were blinded; and I
saw the Lord of the sheep how He wrought much slaughter amongst them in their herds
until 55 those sheep invited that slaughter and betrayed His place. And He gave them
over into the hands of the lions and tigers, and wolves and hyenas, and into the hand of the
foxes, and to all the wild 56 beasts, and those wild beasts began to tear in pieces those
sheep. And I saw that He forsook that their house and their tower and gave them all into
the hand of the lions, to tear and devour them, 57 into the hand of all the wild beasts. And
I began to cry aloud with all my power, and to appeal to the Lord of the sheep, and to
represent to Him in regard to the sheep that they were devoured 58 by all the wild beasts.
But He remained unmoved, though He saw it, and rejoiced that they were devoured and
swallowed and robbed, and left them to be devoured in the hand of all the beasts. 59 And
He called seventy shepherds, and cast those sheep to them that they might pasture them,
and He spake to the shepherds and their companions: ' Let each individual of you pasture
the sheep 60 henceforward, and everything that I shall command you that do ye. And I
will deliver them over unto you duly numbered, and tell you which of them are to be
destroyed-and them destroy ye.' And 61 He gave over unto them those sheep. And He
called another and spake unto him: ' Observe and mark everything that the shepherds will
do to those sheep; for they will destroy more of them than 62 I have commanded them.
And every excess and the destruction which will be wrought through the shepherds,
record (namely) how many they destroy according to my command, and how many
according to their own caprice: record against every individual shepherd all the
destruction he 63 effects. And read out before me by number how many they destroy, and
how many they deliver over for destruction, that I may have this as a testimony against
them, and know every deed of the shepherds, that I may comprehend and see what they
do, whether or not they abide by my 64 command which I have commanded them. But
they shall not know it, and thou shalt not declare it to them, nor admonish them, but only
record against each individual all the destruction which 65 the shepherds effect each in his
time and lay it all before me.' And I saw till those shepherds pastured in their season, and
they began to slay and to destroy more than they were bidden, and they delivered 66 those
sheep into the hand of the lions. And the lions and tigers eat and devoured the greater
part of those sheep, and the wild boars eat along with them; and they burnt that tower and
demolished 67 that house. And I became exceedingly sorrowful over that tower because
that house of the sheep was demolished, and afterwards I was unable to see if those sheep
entered that house. 68 And the shepherds and their associates delivered over those sheep
to all the wild beasts, to devour them, and each one of them received in his time a definite
number: it was written by the other 69 in a book how many each one of them destroyed
of them. And each one slew and destroyed many 70 more than was prescribed; and I
began to weep and lament on account of those sheep. And thus in the vision I saw that
one who wrote, how he wrote down every one that was destroyed by those shepherds,
day by day, and carried up and laid down and showed actually the whole book to the Lord
of the sheep-(even) everything that they had done, and all that each one of them had made
71 away with, and all that they had given over to destruction. And the book was read
before the Lord of the sheep, and He took the book from his hand and read it and sealed it
and laid it down. 72 And forthwith I saw how the shepherds pastured for twelve hours,
and behold three of those sheep turned back and came and entered and began to build up
all that had fallen down of that 73 house; but the wild boars tried to hinder them, but they
were not able. And they began again to build as before, and they reared up that tower,
and it was named the high tower; and they began again to place a table before the tower,
but all the bread on it was polluted and not pure. 74 And as touching all this the eyes of
those sheep were blinded so that they saw not, and (the eyes of) their shepherds likewise;
and they delivered them in large numbers to their shepherds for 75 destruction, and they
trampled the sheep with their feet and devoured them. And the Lord of the sheep
remained unmoved till all the sheep were dispersed over the field and mingled with them
(i.e. the 76 beasts), and they (i.e. the shepherds) did not save them out of the hand of the
beasts. And this one who wrote the book carried it up, and showed it and read it before
the Lord of the sheep, and implored Him on their account, and besought Him on their
account as he showed Him all the doings 77 of the shepherds, and gave testimony before
Him against all the shepherds. And he took the actual book and laid it down beside Him
1 And I saw till that in this manner thirty-five shepherds undertook the pasturing (of the
sheep), and they severally completed their periods as did the first; and others received
them into their 2 hands, to pasture them for their period, each shepherd in his own period.
And after that I saw in my vision all the birds of heaven coming, the eagles, the vultures,
the kites, the ravens; but the eagles led all the birds; and they began to devour those sheep,
and to pick out their eyes and to 3 devour their flesh. And the sheep cried out because
their flesh was being devoured by the birds, 4 and as for me I looked and lamented in my
sleep over that shepherd who pastured the sheep. And I saw until those sheep were
devoured by the dogs and eagles and kites, and they left neither flesh nor skin nor sinew
remaining on them till only their bones stood there: and their bones too fell 5 to the earth
and the sheep became few. And I saw until that twenty-three had undertaken the
pasturing and completed in their several periods fifty-eight times. 6 But behold lambs
were borne by those white sheep, and they began to open their eyes and to see, 7 and to
cry to the sheep. Yea, they cried to them, but they did not hearken to what they said to 8
them, but were exceedingly deaf, and their eyes were very exceedingly blinded. And I saw
in the vision how the ravens flew upon those lambs and took one of those lambs, and
dashed the sheep 9 in pieces and devoured them. And I saw till horns grew upon those
lambs, and the ravens cast down their horns; and I saw till there sprouted a great horn of
one of those sheep, and their eyes 10 were opened. And it looked at them [and their eyes
opened], and it cried to the sheep, and the 11 rams saw it and all ran to it. And
notwithstanding all this those eagles and vultures and ravens and kites still kept tearing the
sheep and swooping down upon them and devouring them: still the sheep remained silent,
but the rams lamented and cried out. And those ravens fought and battled with it and
sought to lay low its horn, but they had no power over it. All the eagles and vultures and
ravens and kites were gathered together, and there came with them all the sheep of the
field, yea, they all came together, and helped each other to break that horn of the ram. 19
And I saw till a great sword was given to the sheep, and the sheep proceeded against all
the beasts of the field to slay them, and all the beasts and the birds of the heaven fled
before their face. And I saw that man, who wrote the book according to the command of
the Lord, till he opened that book concerning the destruction which those twelve last
shepherds had wrought, and showed that they had destroyed much more than their
predecessors, before the Lord of the sheep. And I saw till the Lord of the sheep came
unto them and took in His hand the staff of His wrath, and smote the earth, and the earth
clave asunder, and all the beasts and all the birds of the heaven fell from among those
sheep, and were swallowed up in the earth and it covered them. 20 And I saw till a throne
was erected in the pleasant land, and the Lord of the sheep sat Himself thereon, and the
other took the sealed books and opened those books before the Lord of the sheep. 21
And the Lord called those men the seven first white ones, and commanded that they
should bring before Him, beginning with the first star which led the way, all the stars
whose privy members 22 were like those of horses, and they brought them all before Him.
And He said to that man who wrote before Him, being one of those seven white ones, and
said unto him: ' Take those seventy shepherds to whom I delivered the sheep, and who
taking them on their own authority slew more 23 than I commanded them.' And behold
they were all bound, I saw, and they all stood before Him. 24 And the judgement was
held first over the stars, and they were judged and found guilty, and went to the place of
condemnation, and they were cast into an abyss, full of fire and flaming, and full 25 of
pillars of fire. And those seventy shepherds were judged and found guilty, and they were
cast 26 into that fiery abyss. And I saw at that time how a like abyss was opened in the
midst of the earth, full of fire, and they brought those blinded sheep, and they were all
judged and found guilty and 27 cast into this fiery abyss, and they burned; now this abyss
was to the right of that house. And I saw those sheep burning and their bones burning.
28 And I stood up to see till they folded up that old house; and carried off all the pillars,
and all the beams and ornaments of the house were at the same time folded up with it, and
they carried 29 it off and laid it in a place in the south of the land. And I saw till the Lord
of the sheep brought a new house greater and loftier than that first, and set it up in the
place of the first which had beer folded up: all its pillars were new, and its ornaments
were new and larger than those of the first, the old one which He had taken away, and all
the sheep were within it. 30 And I saw all the sheep which had been left, and all the beasts
on the earth, and all the birds of the heaven, falling down and doing homage to those
sheep and making petition to and obeying 31 them in every thing. And thereafter those
three who were clothed in white and had seized me by my hand [who had taken me up
before], and the hand of that ram also seizing hold of me, they 32 took me up and set me
down in the midst of those sheep before the judgement took place. And those 33 sheep
were all white, and their wool was abundant and clean. And all that had been destroyed
and dispersed, and all the beasts of the field, and all the birds of the heaven, assembled in
that house, and the Lord of the sheep rejoiced with great joy because they were all good
and had returned to 34 His house. And I saw till they laid down that sword, which had
been given to the sheep, and they brought it back into the house, and it was sealed before
the presence of the Lord, and all the sheep 35 were invited into that house, but it held
them not. And the eyes of them all were opened, and they 36 saw the good, and there was
not one among them that did not see. And I saw that that house was large and broad and
very full. 37 And I saw that a white bull was born, with large horns and all the beasts of
the field and all the 38 birds of the air feared him and made petition to him all the time.
And I saw till all their generations were transformed, and they all became white bulls; and
the first among them became a lamb, and that lamb became a great animal and had great
black horns on its head; and the Lord of the sheep 39 rejoiced over it and over all the
oxen. And I slept in their midst: and I awoke and saw everything. 40 This is the vision
which I saw while I slept, and I awoke and blessed the Lord of righteousness and 41 gave
Him glory. Then I wept with a great weeping and my tears stayed not till I could no
longer endure it: when I saw, they flowed on account of what I had seen; for everything
shall come and 42 be fulfilled, and all the deeds of men in their order were shown to me.
On that night I remembered the first dream, and because of it I wept and was troubled-because I had seen that vision.
Section V. XCI-CIV (i.e. XCII, XCI. 1-1O, 18-19, XCIII. 1-1O, XCI.
A Book of Exhortation and Promised Blessing for the Righteous and of Malediction and
Woe for the Sinners.
1 The book written by Enoch-[Enoch indeed wrote this complete doctrine of wisdom,
(which is) praised of all men and a judge of all the earth] for all my children who shall
dwell on the earth. And for the future generations who shall observe uprightness and
2 Let not your spirit be troubled on account of the times;
For the Holy and Great One has appointed days for all things.
3 And the righteous one shall arise from sleep,
[Shall arise] and walk in the paths of righteousness,
And all his path and conversation shall be in eternal goodness and grace.
4 He will be gracious to the righteous and give him eternal uprightness,
And He will give him power so that he shall be (endowed) with goodness and
And he shall walk in eternal light.
5 And sin shall perish in darkness for ever,
And shall no more be seen from that day for evermore.
1 And now, my son Methuselah, call to me all thy brothers
And gather together to me all the sons of thy mother;
For the word calls me,
And the spirit is poured out upon me,
That I may show you everything
That shall befall you for ever.'
2 And there upon Methuselah went and summoned to him all his brothers and assembled
3 And he spake unto all the children of righteousness and said:
'Hear, ye sons of Enoch, all the words of your father,
And hearken aright to the voice of my mouth;
For I exhort you and say unto you, beloved:
4 Love uprightness and walk therein.
And draw not nigh to uprightness with a double heart,
And associate not with those of a double heart,
But walk in righteousness, my sons.
And it shall guide you on good paths,
And righteousness shall be your companion.
5 For I know that violence must increase on the earth,
And a great chastisement be executed on the earth,
And all unrighteousness come to an end:
Yea, it shall be cut off from its roots,
And its whole structure be destroyed.
6 And unrighteousness shall again be consummated on the earth,
And all the deeds of unrighteousness and of violence
And transgression shall prevail in a twofold degree.
7 And when sin and unrighteousness and blasphemy
And violence in all kinds of deeds increase,
And apostasy and transgression and uncleanness increase,
A great chastisement shall come from heaven upon all these,
And the holy Lord will come forth with wrath and chastisement
To execute judgement on earth.
8 In those days violence shall be cut off from its roots,
And the roots of unrighteousness together with deceit,
And they shall be destroyed from under heaven.
9 And all the idols of the heathen shall be abandoned,
And the temples burned with fire,
And they shall remove them from the whole earth,
And they (i.e. the heathen) shall be cast into the judgement of fire,
And shall perish in wrath and in grievous judgement for ever.
10 And the righteous shall arise from their sleep,
And wisdom shall arise and be given unto them.
[And after that the roots of unrighteousness shall be cut off, and the sinners shall be
destroyed by the sword . . . shall be cut off from the blasphemers in every place, and
those who plan violence and those who commit blasphemy shall perish by the sword.]
18 And now I tell you, my sons, and show you
The paths of righteousness and the paths of violence.
Yea, I will show them to you again
That ye may know what will come to pass.
19 And now, hearken unto me, my sons,
And walk in the paths of righteousness,
And walk not in the paths of violence;
For all who walk in the paths of unrighteousness shall perish for ever.'
1,2 And after that Enoch both gave and began to recount from the books. And Enoch
' Concerning the children of righteousness and concerning the elect of the world,
And concerning the plant of uprightness, I will speak these things,
Yea, I Enoch will declare (them) unto you, my sons:
According to that which appeared to me in the heavenly vision,
And which I have known through the word of the holy angels,
And have learnt from the heavenly tablets.'
3 And Enoch began to recount from the books and said:
' I was born the seventh in the first week,
While judgement and righteousness still endured.
4 And after me there shall arise in the second week great wickedness,
And deceit shall have sprung up;
And in it there shall be the first end.
And in it a man shall be saved;
And after it is ended unrighteousness shall grow up,
And a law shall be made for the sinners.
And after that in the third week at its close
A man shall be elected as the plant of righteous judgement,
And his posterity shall become the plant of righteousness for evermore.
6 And after that in the fourth week, at its close,
Visions of the holy and righteous shall be seen,
And a law for all generations and an enclosure shall be made for them.
7 And after that in the fifth week, at its close,
The house of glory and dominion shall be built for ever.
8 And after that in the sixth week all who live in it shall be blinded,
And the hearts of all of them shall godlessly forsake wisdom.
And in it a man shall ascend;
And at its close the house of dominion shall be burnt with fire,
And the whole race of the chosen root shall be dispersed.
9 And after that in the seventh week shall an apostate generation arise,
And many shall be its deeds,
And all its deeds shall be apostate.
10 And at its close shall be elected
The elect righteous of the eternal plant of righteousness,
To receive sevenfold instruction concerning all His creation.
11 [For who is there of all the children of men that is able to hear the voice of the Holy
One without being troubled ? And who can think His thoughts ? and who is there that can
behold all the works 12 of heaven ? And how should there be one who could behold the
heaven, and who is there that could understand the things of heaven and see a soul or a
spirit and could tell thereof, or ascend and see 13 all their ends and think them or do like
them ? And who is there of all men that could know what is the breadth and the length of
the earth, and to whom has been shown the measure of all of them ? 14 Or is there any
one who could discern the length of the heaven and how great is its height, and upon what
it is founded, and how great is the number of the stars, and where all the luminaries rest
12 And after that there shall be another, the eighth week, that of righteousness,
And a sword shall be given to it that a righteous judgement may be executed on the
And sinners shall be delivered into the hands of the righteous.
13 And at its close they shall acquire houses through their righteousness,
And a house shall be built for the Great King in glory for evermore,
14d And all mankind shall look to the path of uprightness.
14a And after that, in the ninth week, the righteous judgement shall be revealed to the
b And all the works of the godless shall vanish from all the earth,
c And the world shall be written down for destruction.
15 And after this, in the tenth week in the seventh part,
There shall be the great eternal judgement,
In which He will execute vengeance amongst the angels.
16 And the first heaven shall depart and pass away,
And a new heaven shall appear,
And all the powers of the heavens shall give sevenfold light.
17 And after that there will be many weeks without number for ever,
And all shall be in goodness and righteousness,
And sin shall no more be mentioned for ever.
1 And now I say unto you, my sons, love righteousness and walk therein;
For the paths of righteousness are worthy of acceptation,
But the paths of unrighteousness shall suddenly be destroyed and vanish.
2 And to certain men of a generation shall the paths of violence and of death be
And they shall hold themselves afar from them,
And shall not follow them.
3 And now I say unto you the righteous:
Walk not in the paths of wickedness, nor in the paths of death,
And draw not nigh to them, lest ye be destroyed.
4 But seek and choose for yourselves righteousness and an elect life,
And walk in the paths of peace,
And ye shall live and prosper.
5 And hold fast my words in the thoughts of your hearts,
And suffer them not to be effaced from your hearts;
For I know that sinners will tempt men to evilly-entreat wisdom,
So that no place may be found for her,
And no manner of temptation may minish.
6 Woe to those who build unrighteousness and oppression
And lay deceit as a foundation;
For they shall be suddenly overthrown,
And they shall have no peace.
7 Woe to those who build their houses with sin;
For from all their foundations shall they be overthrown,
And by the sword shall they fall.
[And those who acquire gold and silver in judgement suddenly shall perish.]
8 Woe to you, ye rich, for ye have trusted in your riches,
And from your riches shall ye depart,
Because ye have not remembered the Most High in the days of your riches.
9 Ye have committed blasphemy and unrighteousness,
And have become ready for the day of slaughter,
And the day of darkness and the day of the great judgement.
10 Thus I speak and declare unto you:
He who hath created you will overthrow you,
And for your fall there shall be no compassion,
And your Creator will rejoice at your destruction.
11 And your righteous ones in those days shall be
A reproach to the sinners and the godless.
1 Oh that mine eyes were [a cloud of] waters
That I might weep over you,
And pour down my tears as a cloud of waters:
That so I might rest from my trouble of heart!
2 who has permitted you to practice reproaches and wickedness ?
And so judgement shall overtake you, sinners.
3 Fear not the sinners, ye righteous;
For again will the Lord deliver them into your hands,
That ye may execute judgement upon them according to your desires.
4 Woe to you who fulminate anathemas which cannot be reversed:
Healing shall therefore be far from you because of your sins.
5 Woe to you who requite your neighbour with evil;
For ye shall be requited according to your works.
6 Woe to you, lying witnesses,
And to those who weigh out injustice,
For suddenly shall ye perish.
7 Woe to you, sinners, for ye persecute the righteous;
For ye shall be delivered up and persecuted because of injustice,
And heavy shall its yoke be upon you.
1 Be hopeful, ye righteous; for suddenly shall the sinners perish before you,
And ye shall have lordship over them according to your desires.
2 [And in the day of the tribulation of the sinners,
Your children shall mount and rise as eagles,
And higher than the vultures will be your nest,
And ye shall ascend and enter the crevices of the earth,
And the clefts of the rock for ever as coneys before the unrighteous,
And the sirens shall sigh because of you-and weep.]
3 Wherefore fear not, ye that have suffered;
For healing shall be your portion,
And a bright light shall enlighten you,
And the voice of rest ye shall hear from heaven.
4 Woe unto you, ye sinners, for your riches make you appear like the righteous,
But your hearts convict you of being sinners,
And this fact shall be a testimony against you for a memorial of (your) evil deeds.
5 Woe to you who devour the finest of the wheat,
And drink wine in large bowls,
And tread under foot the lowly with your might.
6 Woe to you who drink water from every fountain,
For suddenly shall ye be consumed and wither away,
Because ye have forsaken the fountain of life.
7 Woe to you who work unrighteousness
And deceit and blasphemy:
It shall be a memorial against you for evil.
8 Woe to you, ye mighty,
Who with might oppress the righteous;
For the day of your destruction is coming.
In those days many and good days shall come to the righteous-in the day of your
1 Believe, ye righteous, that the sinners will become a shame
And perish in the day of unrighteousness.
2 Be it known unto you (ye sinners) that the Most High is mindful of your
And the angels of heaven rejoice over your destruction.
3 What will ye do, ye sinners,
And whither will ye flee on that day of judgement,
When ye hear the voice of the prayer of the righteous ?
4 Yea, ye shall fare like unto them,
Against whom this word shall be a testimony:
" Ye have been companions of sinners."
5 And in those days the prayer of the righteous shall reach unto the Lord,
And for you the days of your judgement shall come.
6 And all the words of your unrighteousness shall be read out before the Great Holy
And your faces shall be covered with shame,
And He will reject every work which is grounded on unrighteousness.
7 Woe to you, ye sinners, who live on the mid ocean and on the dry land,
Whose remembrance is evil against you.
8 Woe to you who acquire silver and gold in unrighteousness and say:
" We have become rich with riches and have possessions;
And have acquired everything we have desired.
9 And now let us do what we purposed:
For we have gathered silver,
9c And many are the husbandmen in our houses."
9d And our granaries are (brim) full as with water,
10 Yea and like water your lies shall flow away;
For your riches shall not abide
But speedily ascend from you;
For ye have acquired it all in unrighteousness,
And ye shall be given over to a great curse.
1 And now I swear unto you, to the wise and to the foolish,
For ye shall have manifold experiences on the earth.
2 For ye men shall put on more adornments than a woman,
And coloured garments more than a virgin:
In royalty and in grandeur and in power,
And in silver and in gold and in purple,
And in splendour and in food they shall be poured out as water.
3 Therefore they shall be wanting in doctrine and wisdom,
And they shall perish thereby together with their possessions;
And with all their glory and their splendour,
And in shame and in slaughter and in great destitution,
Their spirits shall be cast into the furnace of fire.
4 I have sworn unto you, ye sinners, as a mountain has not become a slave,
And a hill does not become the handmaid of a woman,
Even so sin has not been sent upon the earth,
But man of himself has created it,
And under a great curse shall they fall who commit it.
5 And barrenness has not been given to the woman,
But on account of the deeds of her own hands she dies without children.
6 I have sworn unto you, ye sinners, by the Holy Great One,
That all your evil deeds are revealed in the heavens,
And that none of your deeds of oppression are covered and hidden.
7 And do not think in your spirit nor say in your heart that ye do not know and that ye do
not see 8 that every sin is every day recorded in heaven in the presence of the Most High.
From henceforth ye know that all your oppression wherewith ye oppress is written down
every day till the day of your judgement. 9 Woe to you, ye fools, for through your folly
shall ye perish: and ye transgress against the wise, 10 and so good hap shall not be your
portion. And now, know ye that ye are prepared for the day of destruction: wherefore do
not hope to live, ye sinners, but ye shall depart and die; for ye know no ransom; for ye are
prepared for the day of the great judgement, for the day of tribulation and great shame for
your spirits. 11 Woe to you, ye obstinate of heart, who work wickedness and eat blood:
Whence have ye good things to eat and to drink and to be filled ? From all the good things
which the Lord the Most High has placed in abundance on the earth; therefore ye shall
have no peace. 12 Woe to you who love the deeds of unrighteousness: wherefore do ye
hope for good hap unto yourselves? know that ye shall be delivered into the hands of the
righteous, and they shall cut 3 off your necks and slay you, and have no mercy upon you.
Woe to you who rejoice in the tribulation of the righteous; for no grave shall be dug for
you. Woe to you who set at nought the words of 5 the righteous; for ye shall have no
hope of life. Woe to you who write down lying and godless words; for they write down
their lies that men may hear them and act godlessly towards (their) 6 neighbour.
Therefore they shall have no peace but die a sudden death.
1 Woe to you who work godlessness,
And glory in lying and extol them:
Ye shall perish, and no happy life shall be yours.
2 Woe to them who pervert the words of uprightness,
And transgress the eternal law,
And transform themselves into what they were not [into sinners]:
They shall be trodden under foot upon the earth.
3 In those days make ready, ye righteous, to raise your prayers as a memorial,
And place them as a testimony before the angels,
That they may place the sin of the sinners for a memorial before the Most High.
4 In those days the nations shall be stirred up,
And the families of the nations shall arise on the day of destruction.
5 And in those days the destitute shall go forth and carry off their children,
And they shall abandon them, so that their children shall perish through them:
Yea, they shall abandon their children (that are still) sucklings, and not return to
And shall have no pity on their beloved ones.
6, 7 And again I swear to you, ye sinners, that sin is prepared for a day of unceasing
bloodshed. And they who worship stones, and grave images of gold and silver and wood
(and stone) and clay, and those who worship impure spirits and demons, and all kinds of
idols not according to knowledge, shall get no manner of help from them.
8 And they shall become godless by reason of the folly of their hearts,
And their eyes shall be blinded through the fear of their hearts
And through visions in their dreams.
9 Through these they shall become godless and fearful;
For they shall have wrought all their work in a lie,
And shall have worshiped a stone:
Therefore in an instant shall they perish.
10 But in those days blessed are all they who accept the words of wisdom, and understand
And observe the paths of the Most High, and walk in the path of His righteousness,
And become not godless with the godless;
For they shall be saved.
11 Woe to you who spread evil to your neighbours;
For you shall be slain in Sheol.
12 Woe to you who make deceitful and false measures,
And (to them) who cause bitterness on the earth;
For they shall thereby be utterly consumed.
13 Woe to you who build your houses through the grievous toil of others,
And all their building materials are the bricks and stones of sin;
I tell you ye shall have no peace.
14 Woe to them who reject the measure and eternal heritage of their fathers
And whose souls follow after idols;
For they shall have no rest.
15 Woe to them who work unrighteousness and help oppression,
And slay their neighbours until the day of the great judgement.
16 For He shall cast down your glory,
And bring affliction on your hearts,
And shall arouse His fierce indignation
And destroy you all with the sword;
And all the holy and righteous shall remember your sins.
1 And in those days in one place the fathers together with their sons shall be smitten
And brothers one with another shall fall in death
Till the streams flow with their blood.
2 For a man shall not withhold his hand from slaying his sons and his sons' sons,
And the sinner shall not withhold his hand from his honoured brother:
From dawn till sunset they shall slay one another.
3 And the horse shall walk up to the breast in the blood of sinners,
And the chariot shall be submerged to its height.
4 In those days the angels shall descend into the secret places
And gather together into one place all those who brought down sin
And the Most High will arise on that day of judgement
To execute great judgement amongst sinners.
5 And over all the righteous and holy He will appoint guardians from amongst the holy
To guard them as the apple of an eye,
Until He makes an end of all wickedness and all sin,
And though the righteous sleep a long sleep, they have nought to fear.
6 And (then) the children of the earth shall see the wise in security,
And shall understand all the words of this book,
And recognize that their riches shall not be able to save them
In the overthrow of their sins.
7 Woe to you, Sinners, on the day of strong anguish,
Ye who afflict the righteous and burn them with fire:
Ye shall be requited according to your works.
8 Woe to you, ye obstinate of heart,
Who watch in order to devise wickedness:
Therefore shall fear come upon you
And there shall be none to help you.
9 Woe to you, ye sinners, on account of the words of your mouth,
And on account of the deeds of your hands which your godlessness as wrought,
In blazing flames burning worse than fire shall ye burn.
10 And now, know ye that from the angels He will inquire as to your deeds in heaven,
from the sun and from the moon and from the stars in reference to your sins because upon
the earth ye execute 11 judgement on the righteous. And He will summon to testify
against you every cloud and mist and dew and rain; for they shall all be withheld because
of you from descending upon you, and they 12 shall be mindful of your sins. And now
give presents to the rain that it be not withheld from descending upon you, nor yet the
dew, when it has received gold and silver from you that it may descend. When the hoar-frost and snow with their chilliness, and all the snow-storms with all their plagues fall upon
you, in those days ye shall not be able to stand before them.
1 Observe the heaven, ye children of heaven, and every work of the Most High, and fear
ye Him 2 and work no evil in His presence. If He closes the windows of heaven, and
withholds the rain and 3 the dew from descending on the earth on your account, what will
ye do then? And if He sends His anger upon you because of your deeds, ye cannot petition
Him; for ye spake proud and insolent 4 words against His righteousness: therefore ye
shall have no peace. And see ye not the sailors of the ships, how their ships are tossed to
and fro by the waves, and are shaken by the winds, and are 5 in sore trouble ? And
therefore do they fear because all their goodly possessions go upon the sea with them, and
they have evil forebodings of heart that the sea will swallow them and they will 6 perish
therein. Are not the entire sea and all its waters, and all its movements, the work of the
Most 7 High, and has He not set limits to its doings, and confined it throughout by the
sand ? And at His reproof it is afraid and dries up, and all its fish die and all that is in it;
But ye sinners that are 8 on the earth fear Him not. Has He not made the heaven and the
earth, and all that is therein ? Who has given understanding and wisdom to everything that
moves on the earth and in the sea. 9 Do not the sailors of the ships fear the sea ? Yet
sinners fear not the Most High.
1 In those days when He hath brought a grievous fire upon you,
Whither will ye flee, and where will ye find deliverance ?
And when He launches forth His Word against you Will you not be affrighted and fear ?
2 And all the luminaries shall be affrighted with great fear,
And all the earth shall be affrighted and tremble and be alarmed.
3 And all the angels shall execute their commandst
And shall seek to hide themselves from the presence of the Great Glory,
And the children of earth shall tremble and quake;
And ye sinners shall be cursed for ever,
And ye shall have no peace.
4 Fear ye not, ye souls of the righteous,
And be hopeful ye that have died in righteousness.
5 And grieve not if your soul into Sheol has descended in grief,
And that in your life your body fared not according to your goodness,
But wait for the day of the judgement of sinners
And for the day of cursing and chastisement.
6 And yet when ye die the sinners speak over you:
" As we die, so die the righteous,
And what benefit do they reap for their deeds ?
7 Behold, even as we, so do they die in grief and darkness,
And what have they more than we ?
From henceforth we are equal.
8 And what will they receive and what will they see for ever ?
Behold, they too have died,
And henceforth for ever shall they see no light."
9 I tell you, ye sinners, ye are content to eat and drink, and rob and sin, and strip men
naked, and 10 acquire wealth and see good days. Have ye seen the righteous how their
end falls out, that no manner 11 of violence is found in them till their death ? "
Nevertheless they perished and became as though they had not been, and their spirits
descended into Sheol in tribulation."
1 Now, therefore, I swear to you, the righteous, by the glory of the Great and Honoured
and 2 Mighty One in dominion, and by His greatness I swear to you.
I know a mystery
And have read the heavenly tablets,
And have seen the holy books,
And have found written therein and inscribed regarding them:
3 That all goodness and joy and glory are prepared for them,
And written down for the spirits of those who have died in righteousness,
And that manifold good shall be given to you in recompense for your labours,
And that your lot is abundantly beyond the lot of the living.
4 And the spirits of you who have died in righteousness shall live and rejoice,
And their spirits shall not perish, nor their memorial from before the face of the Great One
Unto all the generations of the world: wherefore no longer fear their contumely.
5 Woe to you, ye sinners, when ye have died,
If ye die in the wealth of your sins,
And those who are like you say regarding you:
' Blessed are the sinners: they have seen all their days.
6 And how they have died in prosperity and in wealth,
And have not seen tribulation or murder in their life;
And they have died in honour,
And judgement has not been executed on them during their life."
7 Know ye, that their souls will be made to descend into Sheol
And they shall be wretched in their great tribulation.
8 And into darkness and chains and a burning flame where there is grievous judgement
shall your spirits enter;
And the great judgement shall be for all the generations of the world.
Woe to you, for ye shall have no peace.
9 Say not in regard to the righteous and good who are in life:
" In our troubled days we have toiled laboriously and experienced every trouble,
And met with much evil and been consumed,
And have become few and our spirit small.
10 And we have been destroyed and have not found any to help us even with a word:
We have been tortured [and destroyed], and not hoped to see life from day to day.
11 We hoped to be the head and have become the tail:
We have toiled laboriously and had no satisfaction in our toil;
And we have become the food of the sinners and the unrighteous,
And they have laid their yoke heavily upon us.
12 They have had dominion over us that hated us and smote us;
And to those that hated us we have bowed our necks
But they pitied us not.
13 We desired to get away from them that we might escape and be at rest,
But found no place whereunto we should flee and be safe from them.
14 And are complained to the rulers in our tribulation,
And cried out against those who devoured us,
But they did not attend to our cries
And would not hearken to our voice.
15 And they helped those who robbed us and devoured us and those who made us few;
and they concealed their oppression, and they did not remove from us the yoke of those
that devoured us and dispersed us and murdered us, and they concealed their murder, and
remembered not that they had lifted up their hands against us.
1 I swear unto you, that in heaven the angels remember you for good before the glory of
the Great 2 One: and your names are written before the glory of the Great One. Be
hopeful; for aforetime ye were put to shame through ill and affliction; but now ye shall
shine as the lights of heaven, 3 ye shall shine and ye shall be seen, and the portals of
heaven shall be opened to you. And in your cry, cry for judgement, and it shall appear to
you; for all your tribulation shall be visited on the 4 rulers, and on all who helped those
who plundered you. Be hopeful, and cast not away your hopes for ye shall have great joy
as the angels of heaven. What shall ye be obliged to do ? Ye shall not have to hide on the
day of the great judgement and ye shall not be found as sinners, and the eternal 6
judgement shall be far from you for all the generations of the world. And now fear not, ye
righteous, when ye see the sinners growing strong and prospering in their ways: be not
companions with them, 7 but keep afar from their violence; for ye shall become
companions of the hosts of heaven. And, although ye sinners say: " All our sins shall not
be searched out and be written down," nevertheless 8 they shall write down all your sins
every day. And now I show unto you that light and darkness, 9 day and night, see all your
sins. Be not godless in your hearts, and lie not and alter not the words of uprightness, nor
charge with lying the words of the Holy Great One, nor take account of your 10 idols; for
all your lying and all your godlessness issue not in righteousness but in great sin. And now
I know this mystery, that sinners will alter and pervert the words of righteousness in many
ways, and will speak wicked words, and lie, and practice great deceits, and write books
concerning 11 their words. But when they write down truthfully all my words in their
languages, and do not change or minish ought from my words but write them all down
truthfully -all that I first testified 12 concerning them. Then, I know another mystery, that
books will be given to the righteous and the 13 wise to become a cause of joy and
uprightness and much wisdom. And to them shall the books be given, and they shall
believe in them and rejoice over them, and then shall all the righteous who have learnt
therefrom all the paths of uprightness be recompensed.'
1 In those days the Lord bade (them) to summon and testify to the children of earth
concerning their wisdom: Show (it) unto them; for ye are their guides, and a recompense
over the whole earth. 2 For I and My son will be united with them for ever in the paths of
uprightness in their lives; and ye shall have peace: rejoice, ye children of uprightness.
Fragment of the Book of Noah
The following passages are from the
book of 1 Enoch, but probably were drawn from a now-lost "Book of
1 And after some days my son Methuselah took a wife for his son Lamech, and she
became 2 pregnant by him and bore a son. And his body was white as snow and red as the
blooming of a rose, and the hair of his head and his long locks were white as wool, and his
eyes beautiful. And when he opened his eyes, he lighted up the whole house like the sun,
and the whole house 3 was very bright. And thereupon he arose in the hands of the
midwife, opened his mouth, and conversed with the Lord of righteousness. 4 And his
father Lamech was afraid of him and 5 fled, and came to his father Methuselah. And he
said unto him: ' I have begotten a strange son, diverse from and unlike man, and
resembling the sons of the God of heaven; and his nature is different and he is not like us,
and his eyes are as the rays of the sun, and his 6 countenance is glorious. And it seems to
me that he is not sprung from me but from the angels, and I fear that in his days a wonder
may be 7 wrought on the earth. And now, my father, I am here to petition thee and
implore thee that thou mayest go to Enoch, our father, and learn from him the truth, for
his dwelling-place is 8 amongst the angels.' And when Methuselah heard the words of his
son, he came to me to the ends of the earth; for he had heard that 1 was there, and he
cried aloud, and I heard his voice and I came to him. And 1 said unto him: ' Behold, here
am I, my son, wherefore hast 9 thou come to me ? ' And he answered and said: ' Because
of a great cause of anxiety have I come to thee, and because of a disturbing vision 10 have
I approached. And now, my father, hear me: unto Lamech my son there hath been born a
son, the like of whom there is none, and his nature is not like man's nature, and the colour
of his body is whiter than snow and redder than the bloom of a rose, and the hair of his
head is whiter than white wool, and his eyes are like the rays of the sun, and he opened his
eyes and 11 thereupon lighted up the whole house. And he arose in the hands of the
midwife, and opened 12 his mouth and blessed the Lord of heaven. And his father
Lamech became afraid and fled to me, and did not believe that he was sprung from him,
but that he was in the likeness of the angels of heaven; and behold I have come to thee that
thou mayest make known to me the truth.' And I, Enoch, answered and said unto him:
'The Lord will do a new thing on the earth, and this I have already seen in a vision, and
make known to thee that in the generation of my father Jared some of the angels of heaven
transgressed the word of the Lord. And behold they commit sin and transgress the law,
and have united themselves with women and commit sin with them, and have married
some of them, and have begot children by them. And they shall produce on the earth
giants not according to the spirit, but according to the flesh, and there shall be a great
punishment on the earth, and the earth shall be cleansed from all impurity. Yea, there shall
come a great destruction over the whole earth, and there shall be a deluge and 16 a great
destruction for one year. And this son who has been born unto you shall be left on the
earth, and his three children shall be saved with him: when all mankind that are on the
earth 8 shall die [he and his sons shall be saved]. And now make known to thy son
Lamech that he who has been born is in truth his son, and call his name Noah; for he shall
be left to you, and he and his sons shall be saved from the destruction, which shall come
upon the earth on account of all the sin and all the unrighteousness, which shall be
consummated on the earth in his days. And after that there shall be still more
unrighteousness than that which was first consummated on the earth; for I know the
mysteries of the holy ones; for He, the Lord, has showed me and informed me, and I have
read (them) in the heavenly tablets.
1 And I saw written on them that generation upon generation shall transgress, till a
generation of righteousness arises, and transgression is destroyed and sin passes away
from the earth, and all 2 manner of good comes upon it. And now, my son, go and make
known to thy son Lamech that this 3 son, which has been born, is in truth his son, and that
(this) is no lie.' And when Methuselah had heard the words of his father Enoch-for he had
shown to him everything in secret-he returned and showed (them) to him and called the
name of that son Noah; for he will comfort the earth after all the destruction.
1 Another book which Enoch wrote for his son Methuselah and for those who will come
after him, 2 and keep the law in the last days. Ye who have done good shall wait for those
days till an end is made of those who work evil; and an end of the might of the
transgressors. And wait ye indeed till sin has passed away, for their names shall be blotted
out of the book of life and out of the holy books, and their seed shall be destroyed for
ever, and their spirits shall be slain, and they shall cry and make lamentation in a place that
is a chaotic wilderness, and in the fire shall they burn; for there is no earth there. And I
saw there something like an invisible cloud; for by reason of its depth I could not look
over, and I saw a flame of fire blazing brightly, and things like shining 5 mountains circling
and sweeping to and fro. And I asked one of the holy angels who was with me and said
unto him: ' What is this shining thing? for it is not a heaven but only the flame of a blazing
6 fire, and the voice of weeping and crying and lamentation and strong pain.' And he said
unto me: ' This place which thou seest-here are cast the spirits of sinners and blasphemers,
and of those who work wickedness, and of those who pervert everything that the Lord
hath spoken through the mouth 7 of the prophets-(even) the things that shall be. For some
of them are written and inscribed above in the heaven, in order that the angels may read
them and know that which shall befall the sinners, and the spirits of the humble, and of
those who have afflicted their bodies, and been recompensed 8 by God; and of those who
have been put to shame by wicked men: Who love God and loved neither gold nor silver
nor any of the good things which are in the world, but gave over their bodies to torture.
Who, since they came into being, longed not after earthly food, but regarded everything as
a passing breath, and lived accordingly, and the Lord tried them much, and their spirits
were 10 found pure so that they should bless His name. And all the blessings destined for
them I have recounted in the books. And he hath assigned them their recompense,
because they have been found to be such as loved heaven more than their life in the world,
and though they were trodden under foot of wicked men, and experienced abuse and
reviling from them and were put to shame, 11 yet they blessed Me. And now I will
summon the spirits of the good who belong to the generation of light, and I will transform
those who were born in darkness, who in the flesh were not recompensed 12 with such
honour as their faithfulness deserved. And I will bring forth in shining light those who 13
have loved My holy name, and I will seat each on the throne of his honour. And they shall
be resplendent for times without number; for righteousness is the judgement of God; for to
the faithful 14 He will give faithfulness in the habitation of upright paths. And they shall
see those who were , 15 born in darkness led into darkness, while the righteous shall be
resplendent. And the sinners shall cry aloud and see them resplendent, and they indeed
will go where days and seasons are prescribed for them.'