Chapter Seven


"...."Everything that we know was taught to us by the gods," the Sumerians stated in their writings; and therein lies the foundation, throughout the millennia and unto our times, of Science and Religion, of the discovered and the occult.

"First there was the Secret Knowledge, that was revealed when Mankind was granted Understanding became Sacred Wisdom, the foundation of human civilizations and advancement. As to the secrets that the gods had kept to themselves - those, in the end, proved the most devastating to Mankind. And one must begin to wonder whether the unending search for That Which Is Hidden, sometimes in the form of mysticism, stems not from the wish to attain the divine but from a fear of what Fate the gods - in their secret conclaves or in hidden codes - have destined for Mankind.

"....The biblical Lord challenged Job (in chapter 28) to stop questioning the reasons for his Fate, or its ultimate purpose; for Manís knowledge - Wisdom and Understanding - fall so far short of Godís, that it serves no purpose to question or try to fathom divine will.

"That ancient treatment of Wisdom and Understanding of the secrets of the heavens and the Earth - of science - as a divine domain to which only a few selected mortals can be given access, found expression not only in canonical writings but also in such Jewish mysticism as the Kaballah....

"....When the Lord granted wisdom to selected humans, the Bible held, He in fact shared with them secret knowledge concerning the heavens and the Earth. The Book of Job describes such knowledge as "Wisdomís Secrets," which had not been revealed to him.

"Revelation, the sharing of secret knowledge with humanity through chosen initiates, began before the Deluge. Adapa, the offspring of Enki, to him was attributed the authorship of a work known by its English title Writings Regarding Time, [from] Divine Anu and Divine Enlil - a treatise that dealt with time reckoning and the calendar. The Tale of Adapa, on the other hand, specifically mentions that he was taught, back in Eridu, the arts of medicine and healing.

"....Sumerian records spoke of another, pre-Diluvial Chosen One.... Known in the texts as EN.ME.DUR.ANNA as well as EN.ME.DUR.AN.KI ("Master of the Divine Tablets Concerning the Heavens" or "Master of the Divine Tablets of the Bond Heaven-Earth").

"....Though the Tale of Adapa does not say so explicitly, it appears that he was allowed, if not actually required, to share some of his secret knowledge with his fellow humans, for else why would he compose the renowned book? In the case of Enmeduranki the transmission of the learned secrets was also mandated - but with the stricture that it must be limited to the line of priests, from father to son, begun with Enmeduranki:

The learned savant
who guards the secrets of the great gods
will bind his favored son with an oath
before Shamash and Adad.
By the Divine Tablet, with a stylus,
he will instruct him in the secrets of the gods.

"....The Bible also recorded the heavenward ascent of the pre-Diluvial patriarch Enoch.... Fortunately, the extrabiblical Book of Enoch, handed down through the millennia and surviving in two versions, provide much greater detail....

"....From these sources (Book of Jubilees also) it emerges that Enoch made not one but two celestial journeys.... He was taught the Secrets of Heaven, and was instructed to impart the knowledge on his return to Earth to his sons. Ascending toward the Divine Abode, he was lofted through a series of heavenly spheres.... in the Tenth Heaven was the Divine Throne of God.... the abode of Anu, according to Sumerian texts, was on Nibiru.... tenth planet of our Solar System.

".... he was clothed in divine garments and anointed by the angels.... On the Lordís command, the archangel Pravuel brought out "the books from the sacred storehouse".... the archangel would dictate to him. For thirty days and thirty nights.... Enoch wrote down,

"the secrets of the working of heaven, of the Earth and of the seas; and of all the elements, their passages and goings, and the thundering of the thunder; and [the secrets] of the Sun and the Moon, and the goings and changings of the planets; the seasons and the years and the days and the hours . . . and all the things of men, the tongues of every human song . . . and all the things fit to learn."

"....Another aspect that stands out - though not so explicitly in the case of Enoch - is the tradition that the granting of the Wisdom and Understanding made the chosen individual not just a scientist but also a priest, and moreover the progenitor of a priestly line. We find this principle employed in the Sinai wilderness during the Exodus, when Yahweh, the biblical Lord, chose Aaron (the brother of Moses) and his sons to be the Lordís Priests (Exodus 28:1).... Moses and Aaron were initiated into magical powers that enabled them to perform miracles as well as trigger the calamities that were meant to convince the Pharaoh to let the Israelites leave.... Knowledge that was granted to Aaron and his sons, it included secrets of the calendar (quite complex, since it was a lunar-solar calendar), of human maladies and healing, and veterinary knowledge. Considerable anatomical information is included in the relevant chapters of Leviticus, and the possibility that the Israelite priests were given "hands-on" lessons cannot be ruled out in view of the fact that clay models of anatomical parts, inscribed with medical instructions, were current in Babylon even before the time of the Exodus.

"(The Bible described King Solomon as the "wisest of men" who could discourse on the biodiversity of all the plants, "from cedars of Lebanon to the hyssop that grows out of a wall, and animals, and birds, and creeping things, and fishes." He could do so because in addition to the Wisdom and the Understanding (intelligence) that were God-given, he also acquired Daíath - learned knowledge).

"The priestly line begun with Aaron was subjected to rigorous laws imposing marital and procreation constraints. Who they could have conjugal relations with and especially whom they could marry required that "the priestly seed shall not be profaned," and if oneís seed shall be imperfect - "shall have a blemish," a mutation, a genetic defect - that man was prohibited through all generations to perform priestly duties, "for I Yahweh sanctified the priestly line" of Aaron.

"These strictures intrigued generations of biblical scholars; but their true significance became evident only with the advent of DNA researchers. It was only in January 1997, in the journal Nature, that an international group of scientists reported the existence of a "Priestly Gene" among Jews whose lineage can be traced back to Aaron. Unchanged Jewish traditions require that certain rituals and blessings called for on the Sabbath and High Holidays services must be performed only by a Cohen. The term, meaning "priest," was first used in the Bible to describe Aaron and his sons....

"....It was this aspect of the patrilineal nature of the Jewish Cohen tradition that intrigued a research team from Israel, England, Canada, and the USA. Focusing on the male ("Y") chromosome that is passed from father to son, they tested hundreds of "Cohens" in different countries and found that by and large they had two unique "markers" on the chromosome. This proved to be the case for Ashkenazi (East European) and Sephardi (Near Eastern/African) Jews who had branched out after the destruction of the Jerusalem Temple in A.D. 70, indicating the antiquity of the genetic markers.

""The simplest and most straightforward explanation is that these men have the Y chromosome of Aaron," explained Dr. Karl Skorecki of the Israel Institute of Technology in Haifa.

"The tales of those who were initiated into the secret knowledge assert that the information was written down in "books." These, for sure, were not what we now call "books".... The many texts discovered in caves near the Dead Sea in Israel are referred to as the Dead Sea Scrolls, for they were texts inscribed on sheets of parchment (made mostly of goat skins).... Ancient Egyptian texts were written on papyrus - sheets made from reeds growing in the Nile River. And the earliest known texts, from Sumer, were inscribed on clay tablets....

"....In which form were the "books" written by Adapa, Enmeduranki, and Enoch (360 of them by the latter!)? Bearing in mind that they are attributed to a time before the Deluge - thousands of years even before the Sumerian civilization - probably in none of the post-Diluvial forms, although the Assyrian king Ashurbanipal did boast that he could read "writing from before the Flood....." It would be logical to wonder whether the writing was done in what some Sumerian and Akkadian texts call Kital Ilani - "writing of the gods." References to such writings by the Anunnaki may be found, for example, in inscriptions dealing with the rebuilding of run-down temples, in which the claim was made that the reconstruction followed "the drawings from olden times and the writing of the Upper Heaven."

"....In Egypt it was Thoth who was venerated as the Divine Scribe. It was he who, after the Council of the Gods resolved to recognize Horus as the legitimate heir, inscribed on a metal tablet the Decree of the Gods, and the tablet was then lodged in the "divine Chamber of Records."

"....In the Tales of the Magicians.... it was said that the living but inanimate king and queen whom Thoth had punished guarded, in the subterranean chamber, "the book that the god Thoth has written with his own hand" and in which secret knowledge concerning the Solar System, astronomy, and the calendar was revealed. When the seeker of such "ancient books of sacred writings" penetrated the subterranean chamber, he saw the book "giving off a light as if the Sun shone there."

"What were those divine "books" and what kind of writing was on them?

"The epithet-name of Enmeduranna, "Master of the Divine Tablets Concerning Heaven," draws attention to the term ME in his name, translated here as "Divine Tablets." In truth no one can be sure what the MEís were, whether tablets or something more akin to computer-memory chips or discs. They were objects small enough to be held in one hand, for it was told that Inanna/Ishtar, seeking to elevate her city Uruk, to capital status, connivingly obtained from Enki scores of the MEís that were encoded with the secrets of Supreme Lordship, Kingship, Priesthood, and other aspects of a high civilization. And we recall that the evil Zu stole from Enlilís Duranki the Tablets of Destinies and the MEís which were encoded with the Divine Formulas. Perhaps we will grasp what they were if we look to technology millennia ahead.

"....The Bible provides greater - and mind boggling - details regarding that first instance of sacred writings; then, the Bible explicitly states, God himself did the inscribing!

"The tale begins in chapter 24 of the book of Exodus, when Moses and Aaron and two of his sons, and seventy of the Elders of Israel, were invited to approach Mount Sinai on the peak of which the Lord had landed in his Kabod. There the dignitaries could glimpse the divine presence through a thick cloud, blazing as a "devouring fire." Then Moses alone was summoned to the mountaintop, to receive the Torah ("Teachings") and the Commandments that the Lord God had already written down.

"....And Moses went into the midst of the cloud, and ascended the Mount; and he stayed there forty days and forty nights."

Then Yahweh
Gave Moses,
when he had finished speaking with him,
the two Tablets of Testimony -
stone tablets,
inscribed with the finger of Elohim.
Exodus 31:17

"Additional astounding information regarding the tablets and the manner in which they were inscribed is provided in Exodus 32:16-17 that describe the events that took place as Moses was coming down the Mount after long and (to the people) inexplicable absence....

"....Two tablets made of stone, divinely handcrafted. Inscribed front and back in the "writing of the Elohim" - which must mean both language and script; and so engraved into the stone by God himself!

"And all that in a language and in a script that Moses could read and understand, for he was to teach all that to the Israelites . . .

"....the Torah scrolls that are taken out of their ark in synagogues are read on the Sabbath and High Holidays must be copied (by special scribes) precisely the way they have come down through the ages - book by book, chapter by chapter, verse by verse, word by word, letter by letter. An error of one letter disqualifies the whole five-book scroll.

"While this letter-by-letter precision has been studied by Jewish sages and biblical scholars throughout the ages (long before the latest interest in "secret codes" in the Torah), an even more challenging aspect of the long and extensive dictation and the required letter-by-letter accuracy has been completely ignored:

"And that is, that such a method of writing upon Mount Sinai could not have been the slow cuneiform script of Mesopotamia that was usually written with a stylus on wet clay, nor the monumental hieroglyphic picture-like script of Egypt. The volume and speed and the letter-by-letter accuracy required an alphabetic script!

"The problem is that at the time of the Exodus, circa 1450 B.C., nowhere in the ancient world did an alphabetic script yet exist.

"The concept of an alphabet is the work of genius; and whoever the genius was, he based it on existing foundations.... Sumerian writings advanced from its original pictographs to cuneiform and the signs acquired a syllabic sound.... The genius combined cuneiform ease with Egyptian advances to consonants, and achieved it with just twenty-two signs!

"Starting with that, the ingenious inventor asked himself as well as his disciple: What is the word for what you see? the answer - in the language of the Semitic Israelites - was Aluf. Fine, said the inventor; Let us call this symbol Aleph and simply pronounce it "A." He then drew the pictograph for house. What do you call that? he asked, and the disciple answered: Bayit. Fine, said the inventor, from now on we will call this sign "Beth" and pronounce it simply as "B."

"We cannot vouch that such a conversation actually took place, but we are certain that this was the process of creating and inventing the Alpha-Bet. The third letter, Gimel (pronounced "G") was the image of a camel (Gamal in Hebrew); the next one, Daleth for "D," represented Deleth, "door" (on its hinges); and so on through the twenty-two letters of the Semitic alphabet, all of which serve as consonants and three of which can double up as vowels.

"Who was the ingenious innovator?

"....No doubt that the alphabet originated there (in the western Sinai, near the Red Sea).... it spread to Canaan and then to Phoenicia.... Beautifully executed, the original "Sinaitic script" served as the Temple script in Jerusalem and as the royal script of Judean kings until it was replaced, during the time of the Second Temple, with a square script borrowed from the Aramaeans (the script used in the Dead Sea scrolls unto modern times).

"....If we have imagine right the conversation that had led to this alphabet, then it was Moses to whom the first lesson was given. He was in the Sinai; he was there at the right time; he engaged in extensive writings; and he had the supreme teacher - God himself.

"....The dictating and writing down had thus began before the ascents of Moses to the mountaintop and the two separate writings on the stone tablets (so it is recorded in Exodus 17:14; 24:4; and 24:7).... One has to look to the earlier chapters of Exodus.... there we read that Moses, adopted as a son by the Pharaoh's daughter, fled for his life after he had killed an Egyptian official. His destination was the Sinai peninsula....

"....The Bible relates extensive communications between Yahweh and Moses and Aaron from the moment Moses had been summoned to the burning bush onward. Whether the divine messages, sometimes involving detailed instructions, were ever in writing the Bible does not say; but it might be significant that the "magicians" in the Pharaohís court thought that they had been written instructions: "And the Pharaohís magicians said to him: This is the finger of god. "The finger of God," it will be recalled, was the term used in Egyptian texts regarding the god Thoth, to indicate a writing by the god himself.

"If all this leads to the suggestion that alphabetic writing began in the Sinai peninsula - it should not be surprising that archaeologists have reached that same conclusion, but without being able to explain how such a tremendous and ingenious innovation could have originated in a wilderness.

"....But the repeated references to Divine Writing, writing by God himself, and Moses only taking dictation, suggest that the alphabetic writing and language system were one of the "secrets of the gods." Indeed, it was to the same Yahweh that the Bible attributed the invention/innovation of other diverse languages and scripts on a previous occasion - in the aftermath of the incident of the Tower of Babel.

"One way or another, we feel that Moses was the initiate through whom the innovation was revealed to Mankind. And thus we can rightly call it The Mosaic Alphabet.

"There is more to the first alphabet as a "secret of the gods." It is based, in our opinion, on the most sophisticated and ultimate knowledge - that of the genetic code.

"....Indeed, as we contemplate this limitation of twenty-two - no more, no less - we cannot help recalling the constrictions applied to the sacred number twelve (requiring the addition or dropping of deities in order to keep the "Olympian Circle" to precisely twelve). Did such a hidden principle- divinely inspired - apply to the restriction of the original alphabet to twenty-two letters?

"The number ought to be familiar in this day and age. It is the number of human chromosomes when the Adam was created, before the second genetic manipulation had added the sex chromosomes "Y" and "X".

"Did the Almighty who had revealed to Moses the secret of the alphabet, then, use the genetic code as the secret code of the alphabet?

"The answer seems to be Yes.

"If this conclusion seems outlandish, let us read the Lordís statement in Isaiah 45:11: "It is I who created the Letters . . . It is I who made the Earth and created the Adam upon it," sayeth Yahweh, the Holy One of Israel. Whoever was involved in the creation of Man was involved in the creation of the letters that make up the alphabet.

"Present-day computer systems construct words and numbers from just two "letters," a Yes-No system of ones and zeroes matching an On-Off flow of electrons (and thus called binary). But attention has already shifted to the four-letter genetic code and the much greater speed with which the transactions take place within the living cell.... The problem and the challenge is how to create and read computer chips that are coated not with "0" and "1" electrons but with bits of genetic material. Advances since 1991 at various academic institutions as at commercial enterprises involved in genetic treatments have succeeded in creating silicon chips coated with nucleotides. Comparing the speed and the capabilities of DNA computing, as the new science is called, "the information storage capacity of DNA is huge....

"In nature, the genetic information encoded in the DNA is decoded, at lightning speed, by a messenger called RNA that transcribes and recombines the DNA "letter" into "words" consisting of three letters. These three-letter groupings, it has been established, lie at the core of all life forms on Earth because they spell out chemically and biologically the twenty amino acids whose chains form the proteins of which all life on Earth - and probably elsewhere in the cosmos - consists.

"....The rich and precise Hebrew language is based on "root" words.... from where all other grammatical variants derive. For reasons that no one has been able to explain, these root words are made up of three letters. This is quite a departure from the Akkadian, the mother-language of all Semitic languages, which was formed from syllables - sometimes just one, sometimes two or three or more.

"Could the reason for the three-letter Hebrew root words be the three letter DNA-language - the very source, as we have concluded, of the alphabet itself? If so, then the three letter root words corroborate this conclusion.

"Death and life are in the language," the Bible states in Proverbs (18:21). The statement has been treated allegorically. It is time, perhaps, to take it literally: the language of the Hebrew Bible and the DNA genetic code of life (and death) are but two sides of the same coin.

"The mysteries that are encoded therein are vaster than one can imagine; they include among other wondrous discoveries the secrets of healing.


Chapter Eight

"It was probably inevitable that with the advent of the modern computer age, some masters of the craft would turn their capabilities to a novel new goal: the search for a "secret code" in the Bible.

"While this is presented in scientific papers and even books as the epitome of modern sophistication, the fact is that this search is actually a renewed, not a new, search, albeit with new and more advanced tools.

"The Hebrew Bible consists of three parts:

  • Torah ("Teachings"), which comprises the Pentateuch (the Five Books of Moses) and, historically and chronologically, covers the time from Creation through the wanderings of the Exodus and the death of Moses

  • Neviyim ("Prophets"), encompassing the books of Joshua and the Judges, Samuel and the Kings, and then the major and minor Prophets, the Psalms and Proverbs and Job - historically from the Israelite settlement in Canaan through the destruction of the First Temple of Jerusalem

  • Ketuvim ("Writings"), starting with the Song of Songs through the books attributed to the two leaders who led the exiles back to Juda to rebuild the Temple (Ezra and Nehemiah) and (in the arrangement of the Hebrew Bibleís canon) ending with 1 and 2 Chronicles. All together the three parts are called by the acronym TaNaKh; and it was already in the time of Prophets that interpretive references to the first part, the Torah, were made

"Discussions by Jewish sages and religious leaders intended to "read between the lines" of the words of the Torah, then of the Prophets, intensified during the exile after the destruction (by the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar) of the First Temple, and even more so after the destruction of the Second Temple (by the Romans). The record of those deliberations is the Talmud ("The Study"). Jewish mysticism, known as the Kaballah, took over and built upon those earlier searchers for hidden meanings.

"That such hidden meanings did exist, the Bible itself attests. The key was the alphabet, the twenty-two letters.

Mr. Sitchin, in his book, gives several examples of coded passages from the Bible, only a few examples will be given here.

"....The authenticity of certain verses in Psalms could be verified by noticing that each verse has two parts, each of which starts alphabetically (e.g., Psalm 145); the same clue is hidden in the verse arrangements of Proverbs 31. In Psalm 145, moreover, the three verses (11, 12, 13) that extol the kingship of Yahweh begin with the letters Kh-L-M, which read backward spell McLeKh, "King."

"The use of acrostics as a hidden code, evident in other books of the Bible as well, is also found in post-biblical books (some of which are included in the Christian arrangement of the Old Testament). A prominent example comes from the time of the revolt against Greek rule in the second century B.C. The revolt bears the name of its leaders, the Maccabees - a name which was in fact an acronym based on the verse in the Song of Moses (Exodus 15:11) -"who is like thee among the gods, oh Yahweh" - the first letters of the four Hebrew words forming the acronym M-K-B-I, pronounced "Maccabee."

"After the destruction of the Second Temple by the Romans in A.D. 70, the spiritual and religious mainstream for the Jews were the Holy Scriptures - the treasure of divine and prophetic words. Was it all fated, was it all predicted? And what is still destined, what is yet to come? The keys to the past and to the future had to be hidden in the sacred writings, by then canonized not only as to content but also as to every word and every letter. That search for hidden meanings obscured by secret codes became known after the Templeís destruction as "entering the forbidden grove," the word for "grove" - PaRDeS - in itself being an acronym created from the first letters of four methods of extracting the scripturesí message: Peshat (literal meaning), Ramez (hint), Drash (interpretation) and Sod (secret).

"....Instances of encoding and encryption have been found in non-Hebrew texts from Mesopotamia, both from Babylonia and from Assyria. They included texts that begin with the warning that they are secret, to be shown only to the initiated (or, conversely, not to be revealed to the uninitiated), under penalty of death in the hands of the gods. Such texts sometimes employed decipherable encoding methods (such as acronyms), and sometimes encrypting methods that remain an enigma. Among the former is a hymn by the Assyrian king Ashurbanipal in praise of the god Marduk and Mardukís spouse Zarpanit. It uses the cuneiform syllabic signs at the beginning of lines to spell out a hidden message to the god Marduk. Apart from the acronymic encoding the king employed a second method of encryption" The syllables that formed the secret message began on line 1, skipped line 2, used line 3, skipped line 4 and so on, skipping one line through line 9. Them the coded message, skipped two lines at a time, returning to a single line skip on line 26, returning to a two-line skip from line 36, and then back to a one-line skip through the rest of the tablet (including its reverse side).

"In this double-encoding, the Assyrian king spelled out the following secret message to the god (we provide the translation horizontally, though the message in the tablet is read vertically, from top to bottom):

[Mr. Sitchinís note].

A-na-ku Ah-shur-ba-an-ni-ap-li
I am Ashurbanipal
Sha il-shu bu-ul-li-ta ni-shu-ma Ma-ru-du-uk
Who to his god called give me life Marduk [and]
Da-li-leka lu-ud-lu
I will praise thee

"The association of hidden messages and secret meaning not with words alone but with numerals and numbers was even more prominent in the writings of Sargon II, the grandfather of Ashurbanipal. During his reign (721-705 B.C.) he established a few administrative-military capital on the site of a village some twelve miles northeast of the ancient royal capital and religious center Nineveh. His Assyrian name was Sharru-kin ("Righteous King") and he named the new city Dur Sharrukin ("Fort Sargon" - an archaeological site now known as Khorsabad). In the inscription commemorating this achievement, he wrote that the mighty wall he had built around the city was 16,283 cubits long, "which is the number of my name."

"Such a use of numbers to encode word-syllables appears in a text known as An Exaltation to Ishtar, where the worshipper signed his name not with letters but with numbers:

the son of 21-11-20-42

"The key to such numerical encoding remains undeciphered. But we have reason to believe that such Mesopotamian encoding methods were known to the Hebrew Prophets.

"One of the most difficult passages in the Bible is the prophecy of Isaiah about the time of Retribution, when "it shall come to pass that a great trumpet shall be blown, and they shall return those who were lost in the land of Assyria and those who were cast out of the land of Egypt, and they shall bow down to Yahweh on the Holy Mount in Jerusalem." At that time, Isaiah prophesied, confusion shall reign and people will ask each other, "Who shall be given the understanding" of the message which was somehow been altered to hide its meaning:

For precept is upon precept,
precept is within precept;
Line is upon line,
line is with line -
A little here, somewhat there;
For with a confused
and in a strange tongue
will He address his people.

"....What language could be confused, or its written signs given a strange meaning, by changing the "order" and a "line" here and there? It is our suggestion that what the Prophet Isaiah - a contemporary of Sargon II and Sennacherib - was talking about is the cuneiform script of the Assyrians and the Babylonians!

"....Isaiah, whose prophecies were attuned to the international arena and the encryption of royal messages of his time, may have given away the very clue to the existence of a "Bible Code." Three times he revised the word Ototh ("signs") that is used in the Bible to denote divine or celestial signs to read Otioth - a plural of Oth that means both "sign" and "letter," conveying the meaning of letters in his prophecy.

"We have already mentioned the reference by Isaiah to Yahweh as the creator of the Letters (of the alphabet). In verse 45:11 [of the Book of Isaiah], the Prophet, extolling the uniqueness of Yahweh, states that it was Yahweh who "hath arrayed by letters that which shall come to pass." And that such an arrayment was encoded ought to be the way to understand the enigmatic verse 41:23. Describing how the bewildered people of the Earth seek to divine the future from the past, Isaiah quotes them as begging God:

Tell us the letters backward!

"Were the word the usual Ototh, it would have meant, "tell us the signs back from the beginning of things." But the Prophet has chosen - three times - to write Otioth, "letters." And the clear request is to be enabled to understand the divine plan by being shown the letters backward, as in a code, in which the letters have been scrambled.

"But as the Mesopotamian examples indicate, acrostics was too simple a device, and the real encodement - still undeciphered in the case of Sargon II - relied on the numerical values of cuneiform signs. We have already mentioned the "secret of the gods" concerning their rank numbers - numbers which sometimes were written or invoked instead of the godís names. Other tablets in which Sumerian terminology was retained even in Akkadian texts (many remaining obscure because of breaks in the tablets) point to the early use of numerology as a secret code, especially when the gods were involved.

"Beginning in the time of the Second Temple, the numerological Gematria (when the Greeks adopted the alphabet, the art of and rules for the interpretation of letters, words or groups of words by their numerical values was given the name Gematria), became a toll in the hands of scholars as well as gnostics to pry out of the biblical verses and words untold numbers of hidden meanings or bits of information or for drawing new rules where the biblical ones were incomplete. Thus, it was held that when a man took an oath to be a Nazarite, the unspecified period of abstention should be 30 days, because the defining word YiHYeH ("shall be") in Numbers chapter 6 has the numerical value 30. Comparing words and their implications by their numerical equivalents opened up countless possibilities for hidden meanings. As an example, it was suggested that Moses and Jacob had a similar divine experience, because the ladder to heaven (Sulam in Hebrew) that Jacob saw in the nighttime vision and the mount (Sinai) on which Moses received the Tablets of the Law had both the same numerical value, 130.

"....How much value should one attach to numerical codes or meanings - a code inherent in the letters themselves and not an arbitrary spacing between them? Because such usages lead back to Sumerian times, were valid in Akkadian times, and were deemed al all times to be "secrets of the gods" not to be revealed to the uninitiated, and because to the link to DNA, we believe that numerical codes are the secret code!

"In fact, one of the most obvious (and thus, as in detective tales, the most ignored) clues is the very term for "book," SeFeR in Hebrew. Stemming from the root SFR, its derivations were the words for writer/scribe (Sofer), to tell (Lesapher), a tale or a story (Sippur), and so on.

"But the very same root SFR also denoted everything connected with numbers! To count was Lisfor, numeral is Sifrah, number is Mispar, counting is Sephira. In other words, from the very moment that the three-letter root words of the Hebrew emerged, to write with letters and to count with numbers were considered one and the same.

"....As times became more turbulent in Judea, with one revolt (that of the Maccabees against Greek rule) followed by another (against Roman oppression), the search for messages of hope - Messianic bodings - intensified. The scanning of earlier texts for coded numbers evolved into the use of numbers as secret codes. One of the most enigmatic and best encrypted instances found its way into the New Testament:

The number of a "beast" encoded as "666" in the Book of Revelation,

Here is Wisdom;
Let him that hath Understanding
count the number of the beast,
for it is the Number of a Man;
And his number is six hundred and three score and six.

Revelation 13:18

"The passage deals with Messianic expectations, the downfall of evil, and in its aftermath a Second Coming, the return of the Kingdom of heaven to Earth.

"Countless attempts have been made over the millennia to decipher the numerical code of "666" and thus understand the prophecy. The number clearly appears in the early (Greek) manuscript of the book whose full title is The Gospel According to St. John, which begins with the statement "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God" and which is filled with numerical references. Using the numerical values of the Greek letters (which follow closely the Hebrew arrangement) and the methods of Gematria, it has been suggested that the "beast" was the evil Roman empire because the numerical value of LATEINOS was 666. Others have suggested that the numerical code meant the evil emperor himself (Trajan) whose middle name, ULPIOS, also added up numerically rendered to 666. Still another suggestion was that the code was in Hebrew, standing for Neron Qesar ("Nero the Emperor"), whose Hebrew spelling N-R-W-N- + Q-S-R also added up to 666; and so on, in a variety of Gematria approaches both using straight addition as well as triangulation.

"The possibility that the encoded secret of "666" uncovered in Hebrew rather than Greek or Roman word meanings might well be the key to finally resolving the enigma. We find that 660 in Hebrew is the numerical equivalent of SeTeR - a hidden thing, an occult mystery; it was employed in the Bible in connection with divine Wisdom and Understanding that were hidden and occulted from Man. To make 666, the letter Wav (= 6) has to be added, changing the meaning from a "secret" to "his secret," SiTRO, "his hidden thing." Some find this rendition of "his secret" to describe a "watery darkness" where the Celestial Battle with Tiamat is recalled:

The Earth shook and trembled,
the foundations of the hills were shaken . . .
There went up smoke from his nostrils,
a devouring fire out of his mouth . . .
He made darkness his secret,
by a watery darkness and celestial clouds covered.

Psalms 18:8-12

"There are repeated references in the Bible to that Celestial Battle, which in the Mesopotamian Epic of Creation took place between Nibiru/Marduk and Tiamat, and in the Bible between Yahweh as the Primeval Creator and Tehom, a "watery deep." Tehom/Tiamat was sometimes spoken of as Rahab, the "haughty one," or rendered with an inversion of letters RaBaH ("the great one") instead of RaHaB. The wording in Psalm 18 echoes a much earlier statement in Deuteronomy 29:19, in which the judgments of Yahweh "on the last generation" are prophesied as a time when "smoke shall go up from the nostrils" of God. That time of final accounting is often referred to in the Bible by the adverb Az - "then," at that particular future time.

"If the author of Revelation, as is evident, also had in mind that Az, that "then" at the time of the Last Generation, when the Lord shall reappear as He had when Heaven and Earth were created at the time of the battle with Tehom Rabah ( a term used in communication in Amos 7:4, Psalms 36:7, Isaiah 5:10), then a numerical approach to the enigma of the "666" would suggest that the book of Revelation was speaking of the Return of the Celestial Lord in a reenactment of the Celestial Battle; for the sum total of the numerical value of Az + Tehom + Rabah is 666.

"....Such language/letter/number transfigurations reinforce the question (and the possibility) - and not only in regard to the reason for "666" - of whether the codes might have included allusions to other deities of pantheons known in antiquity.

"....An approach that accepts the possibility that the Old Testament as well as the New Testament borrowed for their encodings from earlier Mesopotamian secret writings and divine rankings leads to another possible solution of the "666" enigma.

"One of the rare (discovered) instances where the number "6" was revealed as a divine rank was in a tablet that was put together by Alasdair Livingstone in Mystical and Mythological Explanatory Works of Assyrian and Babylonian Scholars. The reconstructed tablet - which bears the admonition regarding the undisclosable secrets it contains - begins with 60 as the rank of "the preeminent god, father of the gods" and then, in a separate column, reveals his identity: Anu. Followed by Enlil (50), Ea/Enki (40), Sin (30) and Shamash (20), it lists Adad, the "god of rain and thunders" as "6." As the listing continues on the obverse as well as the reverse sides, it lists "600" as the secret number of the Anunnaki.

"What emerges from that Mesopotamian tablet regarding the secret numbers of the gods may well have the key to finally solving the mystery of "666" by looking at it as a Sumerian-based encoding:

600 = The Anunnaki, "Those Who From Heaven to Earth Came"
60   = Anu, their supreme ruler
6    = Adad, one of the gods who teaches initiates
666 = "Here is Wisdom," "Counted by him who has Understanding"

"....While attention has been focused on the meaning of "666," we find in the cryptic verse in Revelation a statement of utmost significance. The secret code, it states, is what Wisdom is all about, and it can be deciphered only by those who have Understanding.

"These are precisely the two terms used by the Sumerians, and those who came after them, to denote the secret knowledge that only privileged initiates had been taught by the Anunnaki.

"....In considering numerical and counting systems, the decimal system ("base ten") is the most obviously "manfriendly," resulting from counting on the fingers of our hands.... But from where did the Sumerians take the sexagesimal ("base 60") system whose lasting expression is still extant in time reckoning (60 minutes, 60 seconds), astronomy (a celestial circle of 360 degrees), and geometry?

"In our book When Time Began we have suggested that the Anunnaki, coming from a planet whose orbital period (one year on Nibiru) equaled 3,600 orbits of the planet Earth, needed some kind of a common denominator for such diverse periods - and have found one in the phenomenon of Precession (which only they, not men with the shorter life spans dictated by Earthís cycles, could have discovered). When they divided the celestial circle into twelve parts, the precessional retardation - that could be easily observed by them - was 2,160 years per "house." That, we have suggested, led to the ratio of 3,600:2,160 or 10:6 (the eventual golden Ratio of the Greeks), and to the sexagesimal system that ran 6 x 10 x 6 x 10 and so on (resulting in 60, 360, 3600 and so on to the immense number 12,960,000 [the complete circling of the twelve houses of the zodiac has been named a Great Year, the astronomical number 12,960,000 represented 500 of such Great Years).

"In this system, several numbers of celestial or sacred import seem to be out of place. One is the number seven.... the seventh or Sabbath day.... the Seven Who Judge.... the Seven Sages.... the Seven Gates of the Lower World.... the Seven Tablets of Enuma elish .... "Enlil is Seven".... the planetary number of Earth....

"....The number "7" is a key number in Revelation (7 angels, 7 seals, and so on); so was the next extraordinary number - 12 - or multiples thereof, 144,000 in Revelation 7:3-5, 14:1 etc. We have already recounted its applications and its significance, as stemming from the number of the members of our Solar System (Sun, Moon, and 10 planets - the 9 we know of plus Nibiru).

"And then - hardly realized - was the peculiar number 72.

"....We have already observed that the mystics of the Kaballah arrived through Gematria methods at the number 72 as the numerical secret of Yahweh (Mr. Sitchin has explained this from the Book of Exodus as Moses was summoned to the Holy Mount....)

"....Of all places we also find this odd number 72 in the Egyptian tale of dealing with the contending of Horus and Seth.... that when Seth tricked Osiris into the doomed chest, he did so in the presence of 72 "divine comrades."

"Why then 72 in these various instances? The only plausible answer, we believe, is to be found in the phenomenon of Precession, for it is there that the crucial number 72 is to be found, as the number of years it takes to retard the Earth by one degree.

"To this day it is not certain how the concept of a Jubilee had come about, the 50-year period decreed in the Bible and used as the time unit in the Book of Jubilees. Here is the answer: to the Anunnaki, whose one orbit around the Sun equaled 3,600 Earth years, the orbit passed through 50 precessional degrees (50 x 72 = 3,600)!

"....Enlilís secret rank number - and the number sought by Marduk - was also 50.

"....The Sumerian King List asserts that 432,000 years (120 orbits of Nibiru) had passed from the arrival of the Anunnaki on Earth until the Deluge. The number 432,000 is also key in the Hindu and other concepts of Ages and the periodic catastrophies that befall Earth.

"The number 432,000 also embraces 72 precisely 6,000 times. And it is perhaps worth keeping in mind that according to Jewish sages the count of years in the Jewish calendar - 5,758 in A.D. 1998 - will come to a completion, a terminus, when it reaches 6,000; it is then that it will all come full cycle.

"....If there was once a single universal language on Earth (as the Sumerian texts and the Bible assert), it had to be mathematically based; and if - or rather, when - we communicate with extraterrestrials, as had once been done with the Anunnaki on their visits here, and we shall do when we venture into space - the cosmic language will be one of numbers.

"....And if one takes seriously the Sumerian and biblical statements about inclusion of medical knowledge in the Knowledge and Understanding passed on to us - is there somewhere in all the ancient texts, so meticulously copied with precision because they had been "canonized," the key to sharing with us the genetic knowledge that went into our creation, and thus still accompanies us in health and in sickness and in death?

"We have reached the point where our scientists have identified a specific gene - calling it, say, P51 - at a specific site on chromosome number 1 or 13 or 22, that is responsible for a trait of malady. It is a gene and a location that can be expressed on computers - now as numbers, or wholly in letters, or in combination thereof.

"Is there already in those ancient texts, and especially the Hebrew Bible, such coded genetic information? If we could only decipher such a code, we could become beings like the "Perfect Model" that Enki and Ninharsag had intended to create.


Chapter Nine

"Mankindís enduring belief that someone in the past could foresee the future - that, in Sumerian parlance, someone had known Destiny and could determined Fate - was founded upon the Written Word. Revealed or secret, straightforward or encrypted, the information had to be recorded, written down. A covenant, a treaty, a prophecy - what value to those then present or to those who will inhabit the future unless the words be written down?

"When archaeologists excavate an ancient site, nothing is deemed more exciting and significant than "something" with writing on it - an object, a brick, a stone slab, pottery shards, and needless to say a text or part thereof inscribed on a clay tablet or a papyrus sheet. What was the place, what was its ancient name, to what culture did it belong, who were its rulers? A few scribbled letters, a couple of words offer answers; and so much more, of course, fuller texts.

"....Certainly missing - for none has been duplicated elsewhere - are what Ashurbanipal identified as "writings from before the Deluge"; we know that they had existed because Ashurbanipal had boasted that he could read that writing.

"The kingís assertion, one might note here, has not been taken seriously by modern Assyriologists. Some have amended the kingís statement to read "writings in Sumerian," for it seems incredible not only to claim that there had been writing millennia before Mesopotamian tablets, but that such writing (on whatever tablets) had survived the global catastrophe.

"....Adapa - a pre-Diluvial initiate - wrote a book whose title, rendered in Sumerian U. SAR Dingir ANUM Dingir ENLILA (Writings Regarding Time [from] divine Anu and divine Enlil).

"Enoch, another pre-Diluvial ancestor, returned from heaven with 360 "books"....

"....Having been given knowledge of the heavens and the Earth and their mysteries, Enoch was told to write down prophecies of future events (according to the Book of Jubilees, Enoch was shown "what was and what will be").

"....Even more emphatic in asserting that Enoch brought down with him books that contained not only scientific knowledge but also prophecies of the future is the version known as 2 Enoch or by the full title The Book of the Secrets of Enoch.... God disclosed to him the "secrets of Creation" and the cycles of events on Earth. "At the beginning of the eighth thousand of years there will be a time of Not-Counting, [a time] with neither years nor months or weeks, nor days or hours" (2 Enoch 33:1-2).

"A reference is then made to even earlier writings that belonged to Enochís ancestors Adam and Seth - "handwriting that should not be destroyed till the end of time." There is also reference to a "chart" that God has "put on Earth" and "ordered that it be preserved, and that the handwriting of thy fathers be preserved, and it perish not in the Deluge which I shall bring upon thy race."

"....If such "handwritings" ever existed, they must be counted among the missing pre-Deluvial writings. At the time of the Second Temple it was held that among such pre-Diluvial writings were the Books of Adam and Eve, in which many details were provided, augmenting the biblical tale.

"Scholars agree that I Enoch has clearly incorporated, verbatim, sections from a much earlier manuscript called the Book of Noah, a work that was mentioned in other writings besides the Book of Enoch. It could well have been the source of the very enigmatic eight verses in Genesis chapter 6; preceding the biblical version of the Deluge and its hero Noah, those verses speak of the Nefilim, the "sons of the Elohim" who had married the Daughters of the Adam as the background for Godís decision to wipe mankind off the face of the Earth. In it, the tale is fully told, the Nefilim are identified, the nature of the divine wrath is explained. Harking back in all probability to Sumerian times and sources, it includes some details otherwise known only from the Mesopotamian Atra Hasis text.

"....Interesting and intriguing light on what the Book of Noah might have contained is to be found in the Book of Jubilees, another one of the Apocrypha (extrabiblical) books from the time of the Second Temple (or earlier). It states that the Angels "explained to Noah all the medicines, all the diseases and how he might heal them with herbs of the earth; and Noah wrote down all things in a book, concerning every kind of medicine." And after the Deluge, Noah "gave all that he had written to his son Shem."

"....The existence of a book that we might arbitrarily title The Book of Shem or, more specifically, the Book of Arpakhshad, is suggested by yet another tradition concerning writings from before the Deluge. The reference is found in the Book of Jubilees; it informs us that Arpakhshad, a grandson of Noah, was taught by his father Shem to write and read; and seeking a place to settle "he found a writing which former generations had carved on a rock, and he read what was thereon, and he transcribed it." Among other information "it included the teachings of the Nefilim concerning how to observe the omens of the sun and of the moon and of the stars and the signs of heaven." This description of the contents of the writings by the Nefilim - and thus from before the Deluge - parallels the wording in the Book of Enoch about he knowledge of the Sun and the Moon and the stars/planets that he was taught from "the heavenly tablets, and all that was written thereon." All that Enoch passed on to his son Methusela....

"An unambiguous reference to the pre-Diluvial writings and what happened to them as far as the destruction by the avalanche of waters was concerned is found in the writings of Berossus.... (describing events from the splash landing of Ea to the Deluge, he called the hero of the Great Flood by his Sumerian name, Ziusudra). In the fragments of Berossusís writings that are available from Greek historians, it is stated that after Ea/Enki had revealed to Sisithros (= Ziusudra) that there would be a Deluge, "he ordered him to conceal every available writing in Sippar, the city of Shamash. Sisithros accomplished all these things, sailed immediately to Armenia, and thereupon what the god had announced did happen." Those writings were about "beginnings, middles, and ends."

"Berossus continued to relate that among those who were in the ark and survived the Deluge was Sambethe, the wife of one of the sons of Ziusudra/Noah - her name probably a corruption of the Sumerian or Akkadian Sabitu ("The Seventh"). According to Berossus "she was the first of the Sybils, and she had prophesied concerning the building of the Tower of Babylon and all that happened to the enterprises of its planners; this was before the division of the languages."

"To this first of line of oracle prophetesses (the most renowned of which was the Sybil in Delphi) was attributed the role of intermediary between the gods and the survivors of the Deluge. She uttered to them the words that were "a voice from the air," which directed them how to survive after the Deluge and "how to recover from Sippar the books that described the future of Mankind."

"....Indeed, as one reviews the beliefs underlying all these diverse statements, one begins to understand why the editors of Genesis in its Hebrew version had omitted the Aleph to make the beginning start with Beginning, with a "B" (Beth). For the very notion of a beginning incorporates within it a notion of an end. The very admonition that the ancient writings, containing all that there is to be known - those ancient "data banks" to use computer lingo - must be preserved until the "end times" or "end of days" implies that such an end has been destined. By starting with Beginning, the Bibleís editors subscribed to that belief.

"....The prophet Jeremiah clearly explained that what shall be "at the end of days" had been planned "in Yahwehís heart" from the very beginning (23:20). "He tells the End at the Beginning," Isaiah extolled the Lord God (46:10).

"God was the ultimate prophet and the source of all prophecy. That biblical view found expression even where the text seems just to report events. The punishment imposed on Adam and Eve after they had eaten the forbidden fruit in the Garden of Eden foresaw the future ways of human beings. Cain was given a protective mark, for otherwise he and his descendants would be avenged for seventy and seven generations. In a covenant made by God with Noah and his sons, He promised that there would never again be a Deluge. In a covenant with Abraham, God foretold his future as the father of multitudes of nations; but predicted that a time would come when his offspring would be enslaved in a foreign land - a bitter experience that would last 400 years (as the Israelite sojourn in Egypt eventually did). And regarding the barren Sarah, God predicted that she would have a son and that out of her womb there would come nations and kings thereof.

"Encompassing the human story from Adam and Eve through the destruction of the First Temple of Jerusalem and its rebuilding by returning exiles in the sixth century B.C., the Old Testament also tells, indirectly and almost imperceptibly, the shift of prophecy from a direct communication from God to one through Angels (literally: Emissaries) and then through Prophets.

"....A case of prophecy based on past prophecies was the future great battle of Gog and Magog that was revealed to the Prophet Ezequiel (chapters 38 and 39) - a battle that in the apocalyptic literature of the time assumed the role of the final battle in the last millennium, the Armageddon of the New Testament. Though in later writings Gog and Magog were treated as two different persons or nations, Ezequiel speaks of Gog as the ruler of the land Magog, and predicts that the end of his domination shall come when he will attack the land of Jerusalem, "the navel of the Earth." Predicting that this shall take place at, and be a sign of, "the End of Days," Yahweh declared through Ezequiel:

Though thou shalt come only at the end of days, Gog -

It is thou
of whom I have spoken
in the olden days
through the Prophets of Israel
who had prophesied in those days.

"In those final times, Yahweh announced through Ezequiel there shall be a great earthquake and great destruction, and plagues and bloodshed, and torrents of rains, and fire and brimstones from the skies.

"....The quest for the hidden past in order to divine the future permeates not only the books of the Prophets but also the biblical books of Psalms, Proverbs, and Job.

"....This approach, of "Letís find out what has happened in the past so that we might know whatís coming," was based on Mankindís experience throughout the millennia of human memory - "myths" - to most, recollections of actual events to us. To anyone aware of the ancient tales - anyone not only now but also in biblical times - it had to be obvious that at every twist and turn Mankind depended on the plans and whims of its creators, the Elohim.

"In the Beginning, we today and people (and certainly Prophets) millennia ago have been informed that we have come into being as a result of discussions in a council of the gods, meeting to resolve a mutiny in the gold mines. Our genetic makeup was determined as two Anunnaki - Enki and Ninmah - acted both seriously and frivolously. It was at the Council of the Great Gods that they voted and swore to bring the creative experiment to an end and let Mankind perish in the Deluge. And it was that, meeting in council, the Anunnaki gods decided after the Deluge to give Mankind "Kingship" in the three regions - the civilizations of Mesopotamia, of the Nile Valley, and of the Indus Valley.

"Curious about the records of the Beginnings, the human story from Creation through the Deluge and the rise of nations, the people of the last millennium B.C. - the time of the biblical prophets - also wondered about the Olden Days, the events in the previous millennium or two - the time when the Bible switched to Ur of the Chaldees in Sumer, and Abraham, and the War of the Kings, and the upheaval of Sodom and Gomorrah. Tell us of those Olden Days so that we would know what to expect, the people demanded of those entrusted with prophecy and knowledge.

"The Bible mentions several such records - "books" - that may have held answers but that have completely vanished. One is the Book of Jashar, the Book of Streightness if literally translated but probably meaning the record of the Right Things. The other and probably much more important was the Book of the Wars of Yahweh, implying by its enigmatic title that it dealt with wars and conflicts among the Elohim.

"....Such writings from the past were truly divine Words, for the texts were either written down by the Divine Scribes or dictated by the gods to human scribes. Originally recorded by the gods themselves were the events on Nibiru that involved the seizing of the throne there by Anu and the continuation of the struggle for succession to another planet, Earth.... In that category, of writings by the gods themselves, belonged a "Prophecy Text" that has come to us in the Akkadian version.... an autobiography by Marduk. In the other category, that of books directly dictated by a deity, was a text known as the Erra Epos, a record as told by Nergal....

"....It was more than ironic that the events that had triggered the end of the great Sumerian civilization coincided with its most glorious epoch. An "olden book" - a Sumerian text - recorded the Council of the Great Gods at which the grant of Kingship (civilization) to Mankind was decided upon....

"....But in compliance with the godsí decision, Kingship of Men had to begin at a City of Men, and that one was a new settlement called Kish. The date was marked by the grant of a calendar to Mankind, a calendar designed at Enlilís "cult center," Nippur. It began to tick in 3760 B.C.

"....There was indeed no Peace on Earth until Marduk - having caused the death of Dumuzi - had his sentence to be buried alive inside the sealed Great Pyramid commuted to exile....

"....It was during that relative period of peace that began with the start of the third millennium B.C. that the Sumerian civilization expanded to neighboring lands and flourished under great kings, such as Gilgamesh.... and Sargon I.... of the unified kingdom of Sumer and Akkad.

"Numerous texts, mostly fragmented, have been found that record the course of events - the affairs of both gods and men - in the ensuing centuries.... Finally, in 2113 B.C., the most glorious chapter in the history of Sumer and Akkad began. Historians refer to the era as the Ur III period, for it was the third time that Ur had become the empireís capital....

"....All the while, from his exile, Marduk was watching these developments with a growing sense of frustration and anger....

"....Fate, we have said, has twelve stations; the Fate-Station (zodiacal house) of Marduk was the constellation of the Ram (Aries); and as Precession kept shifting the first day of spring away from the constellation of the Bull (Taurus) - Enlilís zodiacal house - it became ever closer to "entering" the Fate-Station of Mardukís Ram. Sure that the time has come for his Destiny to be fulfilled.... Marduk envisioned himself returning to Babylon with pomp and circumstance, appointing a worthy king, watching the nations at peace and the peoples prosper - a prophetic vision of what shall come at the Latter Days when Babylon shall live up to its name: Bab-ili, "Gateway of the Gods."

"Other texts from that time, that scholars consider part of the collection of Akkadian Prophecies, recorded reports of astronomers who watched the heavens for planetary omens connected with the constellations of the Ram. The omens, however, were mostly ones of warfare, slaughter, plunder, destruction; and it was those prophecies, rather than Mardukís rosy ones, that have come to pass.... Impatient, Marduk sent his son Nabu to raise a human army from among their followers in the Lands of the West - the lands west of the Euphrates River. In 2024 B.C. Nabu launched a successful invasion of Mesopotamia and opened the gates of Babylon to his father Marduk.

"....Seeing no other way to stop Marduk and Nabu, the Council of the Great Gods authorized Nergal and Ninurta to unlock the "Seven Awesome Weapons" that had been hidden under lock and seal in the Abzu (Enkiís abode in southeastern Africa). A nuclear holocaust was unleashed; it vaporized the spaceport, leaving a huge gash in the peninsulaís face and a vast blackened area all around it. The "sinning cities" that sided with Nabu in what was then fertile valley south of the Dead Sea were likewise obliterated - an upheaval that Abraham could see from his abode in the south of Canaan.

"....But as fate would have it, the winds, as they reached Mesopotamia, changed course to the southeast. And while Sumer and its great olden cities lay prostrate and desolate, the city of Babylon to the north was completely spared.

"Until then Marduk had looked to the heavens to divine his Fate. The miraculous sparing of Babylon from the nuclear death and desolation led him to wonder whether his now unobstructed way to supremacy was more than Fate - whether it was his Destiny.

"Were Marduk not a deity already, one could have said that what ensued was his deification. In the circumstances, let us call it his Celestialization. The vehicle for that was an alteration ("falsification" is equally applicable) of the hallowed text of Enuma elish: to call Nibiru "Marduk" and thereby make the supreme planetary god and the supreme god on Earth one and the same....

"....The coronation - to use an understable term - of Marduk as "king of the gods" took place in a solemn ceremony, at an assembly of the Fifty Great Gods and the "Seven Gods of Destiny," and with hundreds of rank and file Anunnaki present. Symbolically, Enlil laid before Marduk his divine weapon, the Bow (which in the heavens had the Bow-star as its counterpart). Then the transfer of the Enlil-powers to Marduk was further celebrated by the transfer to Marduk of the secret numerical rank of 50. That was done by a recitation, one by one, of the "fifty names." They start with Mardukís proper name, asserting that it was Anu himself who had so named Marduk when he was born, and, running through the rest of the epithet-names, ends with Nibiru - the transformation of the god on Earth into the supreme planetary god.

"The fifty names are made up from Sumerian words or syllable combinations - epithets of whoever had possessed the fifty names before the Epic of Creation was falsified to accommodate Marduk; and although the Babylonian editors of the text (written in the Akkadian language) attempted to explain to their contemporaries the enigmatic Sumerian syllabic words, it is evident that even they could not fully grasp what secret message each name had conveyed. That such secret meanings or encoding underlay the fifty names was recognized by the renowned Assyriologist and biblical scholar E. A. Speiser.... he observed that "the text etymologizes the names in a manner made familiar by the Bible; the etymologies, which accompany virtually every name on the long list, are meant to be cabalistic and symbolic rather than strictly linguistic."

"There is more in the Fifty Names of a "Kabbalistic" nature than the above observation allows. The first nine names are listed at the seventh tablet of Enuma elish, and are accompanied by several accolade verses. As had been noted by Franz M. Th, Bohl.... the utterance of those first nine names was attributed to forefathers not only of Marduk but even of Anu himself; three of them contained triple meanings each; and in one such meaning-within-meaning, the unique (and otherwise unreported) ability to "revive the dead gods" was attributed to Marduk. That, Franz Bohl suggested, could be a reference to the death and resurrection of Osiris (of Egyptian lore), because the ensuing three names (numbers 10, 11, 12) are variants of the epithet-name ASAR (Asaru in Akkadian) and, according to Bohl, three epithets that paralleled three epithets of the Egyptian god.

"With those three epithet-names Enuma elish moves on to the seventh tablet - not without implications for the seven days of Creation in Genesis (of which the first six were periods of activity and the seventh a day of rest and divine contemplation); and seven was, we will recall, the planetary designation of Earth and of Enlil as Earthís Commander.

"The three ASAR epithets, after which the epithet-names become varied and diverse, bring the total of names to twelve. They are additional explained in four verses giving the fourfold meaning of the three ASAR names, suggesting again an attempt to incorporate twelve into the text. The recitation of the fifty names thus incorporates the divine rank of Enlil and his planetary number, the number of the members of the Solar System, and of the constellations.

"All of my instructions are embodied in the fifty names," Enki announced at the conclusion of the ceremony. In those names, "all the rites have been combined." In his own hand "he wrote it down, preserved for the future," and ordered that the writing be lodged in the Esagil temple that the gods shall build for Marduk in Babylon. There the sacred knowledge shall be safeguarded by a line of priestly initiates, passed from father to son:

"Let them be kept [there] let the elder explain them; let the wise and knowing father impart to the son."

"With deeper meanings, what secret knowledge do the fifty names hold that, according to Enki, combined in them all that there was to know?

"Perhaps one day, when a new discovery will enable us to decode the numerical encryptions of Assyrian and Babylonian kings, we too will know.