My Angel of Truth
Some have no idea what a spiritual connection is. Others have so
little knowledge of this that they have a prejudice toward others
who do have it. If I had to choose between my money and things or my
connection to spirit I would walk away from all my material things
without question. I certainly don’t need my little angel feelings to
know X is upon us but it’s nice to know they agree. If I’ve studied
a subject matter and have developed a certain high level of
understanding, I have a way to check the validity of the information
by asking my inner voice if it is correct.
I have what I can only
describe as a highly pleasurable direct connection to what I will
call my source. At its best chills start from the bottom of my
ankles and travel all the way up my body until it feels like they
are flooding off the top of my head. In a way sex is not any better
than this. The most intense of these feelings are not localized in
one area. In addition, these feelings or chills leave me with more
energy and enthusiasm than when they started.
This makes me believe
that the hedonistic pursuit of pleasure is a natural thing. Most
look outside of themselves to find it. It could very well be the
body was meant to create pleasure but will only last if sought after
in the correct way, which might be following and finding what is
true to your spirit. The many other ways of obtaining pleasure from
other than spiritual, social or mental sources will eventually wear
you down, sicken and eventually take you to your grave. Developing
this strong connection to your source may be the key to a happy,
highly pleasurable and spiritually connected life.
Now if I’m not on the right track about what I’m questioning or
pondering I don’t get any feelings. It’s kind of like red light,
green light. I don’t know why this happens. It does work better if I
keep myself in good shape physically I’ve noticed. Any sort of
stimulants, stress, overeating or exhaustion have a deadening effect
on this process. Maybe its the next step in mans evolution. It
certainly is mine. I’ve painted the big picture for you. Now you
will begin to see the smaller pieces fall into place almost without
Back to Contents
The Ancients had Specific Knowledge of X’s Orbit and
Toward the beginning of this book, I gave you several names from
ancient sources that were in fact labels given for Planet X by these
people. Zecharia Sitchin’s translations of ancient Sumerian text is
among the best sources. His set of books will enlighten you to a
past civilization that was in many ways as varied and remarkable as
our own. Since civilizations come and go on every time X goes by,
our history books are mainly in the dark to earth’s rich and varied
stories of greatness from long long ago.
The 12th Planet by Zecharia Sitchin:
Landing on Planet Earth, pages 260-263, 178, and 201
1971, the United States launched Pioneer 10. Pioneer 10 scientists
attached to it
an engraved aluminum plaque. It attempts to tell whoever might find
that Mankind is male and female, etc., and that (Pioneer 10) is from
planet of this Sun. Our astronomy is geared to the notion that Earth
is the 3rd
planet, which indeed it is if one begins the count from the center
of our system,
But to someone nearing our solar system from the outside,
planet to be encountered would be Pluto, the 2nd Neptune, the 3rd
4th Saturn, the 5th Jupiter, the 6th Mars .. and the Earth would be
7th. We know
today that beyond the giant planets Jupiter and Saturn lie more
Uranus and Neptune, and a small planet, Pluto. But such knowledge is
quiet recent. Uranus was discovered, through the use of improved
1781. Neptune was pinpointed by astronomers (guided by mathematical
calculations) in 1846.
It became evident that Neptune was being
unknown gravitational pull, and in 1930 Pluto (was located). In
the celestial count of a god’s planet was often indicated by the
number of symbols placed alongside the god’s throne. Thus, a plaque
the god (of Saturn) placed 4 star symbols at his throne. Many
cylinder seals and
other graphic relics depict Mars as the 6th planet. A cylinder seal
shows the god
associated with Mars seated on a throne under a 6-pointed star.
shows that Venus was depicted as an 8 pointed star.
Other symbols on
show the Sun, much in the same manner we would depict it today; the
Moon; and the cross, the symbol of the Planet of Crossing, the 12th
Kingship of Heaven, pages 246-248
The (12th) Planet’s
periodic appearance and disappearance from Earth’s view confirms the
assumption of its permanence in solar orbit. In this it acts like
many comets. If so, why are our astronomers not aware of the
existence of this planet?
The fact is that even an orbit half as
long as the lower figure for (the comet) Kohoutek, (every 7,500
years), would take the 12th Planet about 6 times farther away from
us than Pluto - a distance at which such a planet would not be
visible from Earth. In fact, the known planets beyond Saturn were
first discovered not visually but mathematically. The Mesopotamian
and biblical sources present strong evidence that the orbital period
of the 12th Planet is 3,600 years.
The number 3,600 was written in
Sumerian as a large circle. The epithet for the planet, shar, also
meant “a perfect circle” or “a completed cycle”. It also meant the
number 3,600. The identity of the three terms - planet / orbit /
3,600 - could not be a mere coincidence. The reign periods (a
Sumarian text) gives are also perfect multiples of the 3,600 year
shar. The conclusion that suggests itself is that these shar’s of
rulership were related to the orbital period shar, 3,600 years.
Kingship of Heaven, pages 242-245
All the people of the ancient
world considered the periodic nearing of the 12th Planet as a sign
of great upheavals, great changes, new eras. The Mesopotamian texts
spoke of the planet’s periodic appearance as an anticipated,
predictable, and observable event. “The great planet, at his
appearance dark red. “The day itself was described by the Old
Testament as a time of rains, inundations, and earthquakes.
think of the biblical passages as referring, like their Mesopotamian
counterparts, to the passage in Earth’s vicinity of a large planet
with a strong gravitational pull, the words of Isaiah can be plainly
understood. “From a far away land they came, from the end-point of
Heaven do the Lord and his weapons of wrath come to destroy the
whole Earth. Therefore will I agitate the Heaven and Earth shall be
shaken out of its place. When the Lord of Hosts shall be crossing,
the day of his burning wrath. “The prophet Amos explicitly
“It shall come to pass on that Day, sayeth the Lord
and I will cause the Sun to go down at noon and I will darken the
Earth in the midst of daytime.“
The prophet Zechariah informed the
people that this phenomenon of an arresting Earth’s spin around its
own axis would last only one day:
“And it shall come to pass on that
Day that there shall be no light uncommonly shall it freeze. And
there shall be one day, known to the Lord, which there shall be
neither day or night.“
The prophet Joel said: “The Sun shall be
turned into darkness, and the Moon shall be as red blood.
Back to Contents
Earth Science -
Evidence of Abrupt
Regular Earth Changes
From The Approximate 3600
Year Orbit of Planet X
Earth is speaking to us loud and clear. Are you listening? It may be
tedious to sift through but for those who must know the
archeological evidence read on. There’s volumes of more material
than the studies I present here. I could have filled an entire book
with it. Presenting only archeological science showing the
regularity of X’s passage would not give you the entire picture.
You’ll notice that there are references to “ice ages”.
simply a theory and not the reason for the sudden changes. The
evidence points to 3500-3700 years ago which is the best estimates
as some of the studies can come up with. X’s passage caused many
verifiable Earth changes approximately 3600 years ago. Most of the
dates given correspond to the last passage or are multiples of 3600
which point to a passage several times before.
The scientists who
made these discoveries did not know that they were giving evidence
of Planet X’s destruction from previous passages. One has to have
knowledge of X’s regular passage to see how these studies fit
together. Rapid world wide sea level fluctuations as much as 20 feet
can be easily checked globally and the time frames verified. Now you
can put the pieces together for yourself when combined with the
Scientists See Evidence of Rapid Climate Change
October 28, 1999
In a study that may sound a warning, researchers have found evidence
that the world’s climate can change suddenly, almost like a
thermostat that clicks from cold to hot. A new technique for
analyzing gases trapped in Greenland glaciers shows that an ice age
that gripped the Earth for thousands of years ended abruptly 15,000
years ago when the average air temperatures soared.
“There was a 16-degree abrupt warming at the end of the last ice
Jeffrey P. Severinghaus of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography,
of a study to be published Friday in the journal Science.
happened within just
a couple of decades. The old idea was that the temperature would
change over a thousand years. But we found it was much faster.
“Change in Water Temperature: Severinghaus said the rapid rise in air
temperature in Greenland may have been touched off by a surge in
warm currents in the Atlantic Ocean that brought a melting trend to
the vast ice sheet that covered the Northern Hemisphere. It still
took hundreds of years for the ice to recede, but the start of the
great thaw was much more sudden than scientists had once thought.
This suggests, Severinghaus said, that the Earth’s climate is
“tippy” - prone to be stable for long periods, but then suddenly
change when the conditions are right. This raises a red flag of
Earth in Upheaval
(This guy was a buddy of Albert Einstein’s)
The Ivory Islands, pages 4-6
In 1797 the body of a mammoth, with
flesh, skin, and hair, was found in northeastern Siberia. The flesh
had the appearance of freshly frozen beef; it was edible, and wolves
and sled dogs fed on it without harm. The ground must have been
frozen ever since the day of their entombment; had it not been
frozen, the bodies of the mammoths would have putrefied in a single
summer, but they remained unspoiled for some thousands of years.
some mammoths, when discovered, even the eyeballs were still
preserved. (All) this shows that the cold became suddenly extreme ..
and knew no relenting afterward. In the stomachs and between the
teeth of the mammoths were found plants and grasses that do not grow
now in northern Siberia ..(but are) .. now found in southern
Microscopic examination of the skin showed red blood
corpuscles, which was proof not only of a sudden death, but that the
death was due to suffocation either by gases or water.
Whales in the Mountains, pages 46-49
Bones of whale have been found 440 feet above sea level, north of
Lake Ontario; a skeleton of another whale was discovered in Vermont,
more than 500 feet above sea level; and still another in the
Montreal- Quebec area, about 600 feet above sea level. Although the
Humphrey whale and beluga occasionally enter the mouth of the St.
Lawrence, they do not climb hills.
Times and Dates, pages 202-203
Careful investigation by W.A. Johnston of the Niagara River bed
disclosed that the present channel was cut by the falls less than
4,000 years ago. And equally careful investigation of the Bear River
delta by Hanson showed that the age of this delta was 3,600 years.
The study by Claude Jones of the lakes of the Great Basin showed
that these lakes, remnants of larger glacial lakes, have existed
only about 3,500 years.
Gales obtained the same result on Owen Lake in California and also
Van Winkle on Abert and Summer lakes in Oregon.
Radiocarbon analysis by Libby also indicates that plants associated
with extinct animals (mastodons) in Mexico are probably only 3,500
years old. Similar conclusions concerning the late survival of the
Pleistocene fauna were drawn by various field workers in many parts
of the American continent.
Suess and Rubin found with the help of radiocarbon analysis that in
the mountains of the western United States ice advanced only 3000
years ago. The Florida fossil beds at Vero and Melbourne proved - by
the artifacts found there together with human bones and the remains
of animals, many of which are extinct - that these fossil beds were
deposited between 2,000 and 4,000 years ago.
From observations on
beaches in numerous places all over the world, Daly concluded that
there was a change in the ocean level, which dropped sixteen to
twenty feet 3,500 years ago.
Kuenen and others confirmed Daly’s findings with evidence derived
Dropped Ocean Level, pages 181-183
R.A. Daly observed
that in a great many places all around the world there is a uniform
emergence of the shore line of 18 to 20 feet. In the southwest
Pacific, on the islands belonging to the Samoan group but spread
over two hundred miles, the same emergence is evident. Nearly
halfway around the world, at St. Helena in the South Atlantic, the
lava is punctuated by dry sea caves, the floors of which are covered
with water-worn pebbles, now dusty because untouched by the surf.
The emergence there is also 20 feet.
At the Cape of Good Hope caves and beaches also prove recent and
sensibly uniform emergence to the extent of about 20 feet. Marine
terraces, indicating similar emergence, are found along the Atlantic
coast from New York to the Gulf of Mexico; for at least 1,000 miles
along the coast of eastern Australia; along the coasts of Brazil,
southwest Africa, and many islands in the Pacific, Atlantic, and
The emergence is recent as well as of the same order
of magnitude, (20 feet). Judging from the condition of beaches,
terraces, and caves, the emergence seems to have been simultaneous
on every shore.
In (Daly’s) opinion the cause lies in the sinking of the level of
all seas on the globe. Alternatively, Daly thinks it could have
resulted from a deepening of the oceans or from an increase in their
areas. Of special interest is the time of the change. Daly estimated
the sudden drop of oceanic level to (have occurred) some 3,000 to
4,000 years ago.
Shifting Poles, pages 111, 44, and 46
All other theories of the origin of the Ice Age having failed, there
remained an avenue of approach which already early in the discussion
chosen by several geologists: a shift in the terrestrial poles. If
for some reason
the poles had moved, old polar ice would have moved out of the
Antarctic circles and into new regions.
The glacial cover of the Ice
have been the polar ice cap of an earlier epoch. The continent of
larger than Europe. It has not a single tree, not a single bush, not
a single blade of grass. Very few fungi have been found. Storms of
great velocity circle the Antarctic most of the year.
Shackleton, during his expedition to Antarctica in 1907 found fossil
wood in the sandstone. Then he discovered 7 seams of coal. The seams
are each between 3 and 7 feet thick. Associated with the coal is
sandstone containing coniferous wood. Spitsbergen in the Arctic
Ocean is as far north from Oslo in Norway as Oslois from Naples.
Heer identified 136 species of fossil plants from Spitsbergen. Among
the plants were pines, firs, spruces, and cypresses, also elms,
hazels, and water lilies.
At the northernmost tip of Spitsbergen Archipelago, a bed of black
and lustrous coal 25 to 30 feet thick was found. (Spitsbergen) is
buried in darkness for half the year and is now almost continuously
buried under snow and ice. At some time in the remote past corals
grew and are still found on the entire fringe of polar North America
- in Alaska, Canada, and Greenland. In later times fig palms bloomed
within the Arctic Circle.
Sea and Land Changed Places, pages 14, 74,
(Cuvier) found in the gypsum deposits in the suburbs of
Paris marine limestone containing over eight hundred species of
shells, all of them marine. Under this limestone there is another -
fresh water - deposit formed of clay.
Much of France was once under sea; then is was land, populated by
land reptiles; then it became sea again and was populated by marine
animals; then it was land again, inhabited by mammals. And as it was
on the site of Paris, so it was in other parts of France, and in
other countries of Europe. The Himalayas, highest mountains in the
world, rise like a thousand mile long wall north of India. Many of
its peaks tower over 20,000 feet, Mount Everest reaching 29,000
Scientists of the nineteenth century were dismayed to find
that, as high as they climbed, the rocks of the massifs yielded
skeletons of marine animals, fish that swim in the ocean, and shells
of mollusks. This was evidence that the Himalayas had risen from
beneath the sea. In many places of the world the seacoast shows
either submerged or raised beaches.
The previous surf line is seen
on the rock of raised beaches; where the coast became submerged, the
earlier water line is found chiseled by the surf in the rock below
the present level of the sea. In the case of the Pacific coast of
Chile Charles Darwin observed that the beach must have risen 1300
feet only recently - within the period during which upraised shells
have remained undecayed on the surface.
Floods The Flood, by Charles Ginenthal
The evidence I present below is a
mélange of data regarding more
than one global flood. Apparently, the earlier global floods
occurred when major ice caps covered the continents and later floods
occurred after these were destroyed.
Recent findings verify that such global floods occurred and negate
uniformitarian argument that the flood evidence indicates only local
The basic uniformitarian argument is that the great
floods were unique events caused by ice-dammed lakes unleashed when
the ice dams broke. However, if individual, localized floods
occurred repeatedly during the last Ice Age, they would have washed
away the whale fossils found on or near the earth surface. However,
whale bones and other marine fossils have been found far inland,
without having been either destroyed or eroded down to tiny
fragments. This strongly supports the global flood hypothesis and
contradicts the local flood theory.
This evidence fully supports Velikovsky’s hypothesis. If the Earth’s
axis tilted or the crust suddenly, violently, moved over the mantle,
then the oceans would move en masse, as immense tidal waves, away
from the equator and toward the poles. On the rotating Earth, due to
Coriolis force, these tide waves would move not only north and
south but also counterclockwise in the northern hemisphere and
clockwise in the southern hemisphere.
Since the Pacific Ocean lies
between the continents of North America and Asia in the northern
hemisphere, and the continental coastlines form an inverted V (/ \)
with its apex at the Bering Strait, the tide water would veer east,
over Alaska and Canada, and west, over Asia. In the Atlantic Ocean,
the tidewater would flow more easily near the poles, covering a
larger area; this would create smaller continental floods.
caps in these regions would be swept away from their landlocked
moorings out into the northern Atlantic Ocean and would break up,
depositing large amounts of detritus on the sea bed. Since neither
eastern Siberia nor Alaska were covered by such a continental ice
sheet, minute amounts of glacial detritus should have been deposited
in the Pacific Ocean compared to that laid down in the Atlantic
Climate Changes in Prehistory and History
Switzerland Climate Changes in Prehistory and History
By Ken Hsu
Studying the varves of Silva plana, my student
Andreas Lehmann found no Holocene varves older than 4000 years, when
there was no “glacial-milk” sediment..
The conclusion is inescapable: There were no varves because the
Engadine lakes were not frozen every year. There were no “glacial
milk” deposits when there were no Alpine glaciers! I was excited by
Lehmann’s discovery and called my former student Dr. Kerry Kelts at
Minnesota. He headed our Limnology Laboratory at ETH-Z before
accepting a professorship at University of Minnesota. Kelts was not
surprised. He told me daily: “I have been telling you all those
years of the 4000 BP event, and you did not listen. There was a
global cooling when the Climatic Optimum came to an end."
North Africa Climate Changes in Prehistory and History
By Ken Hsu
Prof. Nicola Petit-Maire, at University of
described the vast lacustrine deposits in the Sahara desert: the
laid down during a humid phase between 9,500 to 4,000 BP. Rainfall
was so abundant then that Mali was not a desert but land of great
The Cro-Magnon people came across the Strait of Gibraltar
from Spain to the savannas of Sahara. They hunted elephants,
rhinoceros, buffaloes, hippopotamus, antelopes, and giraffes, as
depicted in their wonderful rock paintings. The deserts of North
Africa expanded, however, and an early clustering of cold centuries
around 5200 BP caused the deterioration of environments. Hunters and
grazers left Sahara and settled on as farmers of the alluvial plains
of Egypt. The cooling and aridity continued and the last of the
Saharan lakes dried up 4,000 BP, ending the Saharan civilization, at
about the same time when the glaciers advanced in the Alps.
Mild and wet climate prevailed during the Climatic Optimum in the
Near East. I visited the Canannite City Arad on the edge of the
Negev Desert: it was a populous settlement of several thousand
inhabitants during the Early Bronze Age. Suddenly Arad was
The deserted city showed no signs of destruction by war,
the exodus was necessitated by a shortage of water supply. Indeed,
the centuries-long drought in the Middle East was the cause of the
collapse of the Early Bronze Age civilization in Mesopotamia, as
Prof. H. Weiss of Yale and his colleagues concluded. A marked
increase in aridity caused the abandonment of settlements in the
north and the collapse of the Akkadian Empire in the south.
impact of was extensive: there were synchronous collapse of the
civilizations in Hindus Valley and in Egypt. The climatic
catastrophe started around 2200 BC and came to an end 300 years
later. This was the expression of the 4000 BP Event in Middle East.
Central Europe Climate Changes in Prehistory and History
By Ken Hsu
In central Europe, the 4,000 BP Event brought
not aridity, but increased precipitation. The cold and wet climate
caused the advance of the Alpine glaciers. In the region of Pre
alpine lakes, the Lake Dwellers had enjoyed warm and dry climate,
and they had built villages on the shores of lowland lakes. When the
cold and wet climate came, the settlements were flooded, the Lake
Dwellers had to leave their homes, when the lake-level rose. The
Zurich archaeologists discovered, for example, that the villages on
the shores of the lake were abandoned about 2,400 BC, and they
remained uninhabited for about 800 years.
In northern Europe, cattle farming had brought prosperity to the
megalithic king domes. The 4000 BP Event brought forth late springs
and cold and wet summers. Crops were not harvested because of late
planting, and cattle were famished when it became impossible to make
hays. The Indo-Europeans of northern Europe had to move. Carrying
battle axes and corded-ware pottery, they went to southern Russia,
from there to southeastern Europe, to Anatolia, to Persia and India.
and to northwest China.
China Climate Changes in Prehistory and History
By Ken Hsu
The 4000 BP event hit China also. When the
King Huangti ruled in China, at about 3,000 BCE, mulberry trees grew
China where elephants and rhinoceros roamed. The climate turned cold
then. Yu, the first king of the Xia Dynasty, received credit for
having tamed devastating floods. He may in fact not have done more
than his predecessors, except flooding eased when rain storms ceased
India—Academic Press Insight, 5 April 1999
The people of the Harrapan-Indus civilization, who lived in what is
now northwestern India, flourished between 2600 and 2000 B.C. To
probe the region’s climate history, a team of geologists from
Israel, the United States, and India used carbon-dating and chemical
analysis to examine sediments from a now-dry lake, Lunkaransar, in
the Thar Desert.
As the level of the briny lake fell, salts and
other minerals precipitated in distinct layers.
sediments give a very high-resolution record of changing lake
levels, which reflect changing amounts of precipitation in the
region,” says Lisa Ely, a geologist at Central Washington University
Ely and her colleagues found that the lake has been
mostly dry for the last 5500 years. Before then, they found, the
region was wet for 15 centuries—a period that ended a millennium
before the Harrapan-Indus peoples began to prosper. But an arid
climate by no means rules out a healthy civilization, notes Blair
Kling, a historian at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign.
Even without plentiful rain, the Harrapan-Indus inhabitants, he
says, could have depended on the Indus River for irrigation. Kling
says there is evidence that a flood may have forced refugees into
the cities around 1600 B.C., leading to overcrowding that could have
played a role in the civilization’s downfall.
Sahara—In the July 15, 1999
paper published by the journal,
Geophysical Research Letters
The Sahara desert’s arid climate
change occurred quickly and dramatically 4000 to 3600 years ago. A
team of researchers headed by Martin Cluassen of Germany’s Potsdam
Institute for Climate Impact research analyzed computer models of
climate over the past several thousand years.
They concluded that
the change to today’s desert climate in the Sahara was triggered by
changes in the Earth’s orbit and the tilt of Earth’s axis. The
switch in North Africa’s climate and vegetation was abrupt. In the
Sahara, “we find an abrupt decrease in vegetation from a green
Sahara to a desert shrub land within a few hundred years” scientists
reported. No longer were grasses and other plants collecting water
and releasing it back into the atmosphere; now sand baked in the
stronger sun and rivers dried up. The scientists do not say what
caused the change in the tilt of Earth’s axis.
3,600 Years Ago—The Canaanites earliest real presence was 1550 BC
(Source: The Canaanites by John Grey)
According to the World Book
Encyclopedia: An unknown civilization with an alphabet that has yet
to be deciphered lived in the Indus Valley (W. Pakistan). Around
1500 BC they disappeared.
Around 1500 BC a civilization arose on the banks of the Hwang Ho
river in north central China. According to Encarta: The 1st dynasty
ended in 1595 BC. In the Semitic culture, Hyksos was deposed in 1570
the Jewish exodus led by Moses happened shortly thereafter. This
featured a river Nile filled with “blood” and water they could not
drink. The Cycladic settlement on the island of Thera was destroyed
by a great volcanic eruption about 1500 BC.
Hittite internal strife caused great disorder and ended in 1525 BC
with King Telipinu.
China gave birth to one of the earliest civilizations and has a
recorded history that dates from some 3,500 years ago. Pottery
pieces found in Fiji suggest the islands were settled in the west
from Melanesia at least 3,500 years ago. Iron manufacturing
originated about 3,500 years ago when iron ore was accidentally
heated in the presence of charcoal.
The Tongon and Samoan islands were probably settled from Fiji about
3,500 years ago. According to M.I. Farley, author of Early Greece,
1970: There was total catastrophe all over Crete about 1400 BC The
Santorini eruption (about 1500 BC) was several times greater in
scope than the 1883 Krakatoa eruption.
The book Ancient Europe by Stuart Pigget (1965) states that around
1500 BC, Zimbabwe, and Dhlodhlo were built.
According to Earth in Upheaval by Velikovsky Research by W. A.
Johnston of the Niagara River bed disclosed that the present channel
was cut by the falls less than 4000 years ago. Careful study of the
Bear River delta by Hanson showed the age of this delta was 3,600
A study by Claude Jones of the Great Lakes showed that these lakes
have existed only 3,500 years. This is confirmed by several
geographic historical maps of Michigan available in Michigan
libraries. Gales obtained the same result on Owen Lake in
California. Van Winkle obtained the same result on Abert and Summer
lakes in Oregon. Radiocarbon analysis by Libby also indicates that
plants associated with mastodons in Mexico are probably only 3,500
Similar conclusions concerning the late survival of the
Pleistocene fauna were drawn by various field workers in many parts
of the American continent. From observations on beaches throughout
the world, Daly concluded that there was a change in the ocean
level, which dropped sixteen to twenty feet 3,500 years ago. Kuenen
and others confirmed Daly’s findings with evidence derived from
According to Stuart Struever and
Felicia Antonelli Holton,
authors of the Koster Settlement in Koster, IL. “It is apparent that
people occupied Horizon 4 for a much shorter time and less intensely
than the other levels”. They were referring to the site that began
in 2000 BC.
Other earlier sites ranged from 3900-2800 BC, and then
7,200 Years Ago—According to Basil Davidson, author of Lost
Cities of Africa, new types of humanity appeared in Africa around
(3500 x2). According to Ancient Europe by Stuart Pigget, stone using
agricultural peasantry began in Europe near 5,500 BC (3750 x 2).
December 17, 1996 New York Times article titled Black Sea Deluge May
Tied to Spread of Farming in Europe, an international team of
oceanographers reconstructed the history of a catastrophic flood
gathered by a Russian research ship in 1993. Seismic soundings and
sediment cores revealed traces of the sea’s former shorelines,
showing an abrupt 500 foot rise in water levels.
of the transition from fresh water to marine organisms in the cores
put the time of the event at about 7,700 years ago (5,500 BC).
According to the September 10, 1996 issue of the Seattle Times: the
research ship JOIDES (Joint Oceanographic Institutions for the Deep
Earth Sampling) Resolution “could easily see the light colored ash
deposited from the eruption of Oregon’s Mount Mazama 6,950 years
That titanic eruption created Crater Lake and threw out at
least 40 times as much magma as Mount St. Helens did in 1980 and
serves as a useful marker to date mud layers. JOIDES is a Hubble
telescope for the ocean, the most advanced drilling vessel in the
world. “It has 12 laboratories, more than 100 research computers and
can drill in water up to 27,000 feet deep. “The planet appears to
operate in a quasi-stable mode and pops up to a new state” said
Other Cycles—According to the September 10, 1996 issue of the
The lodge pole pine forest suddenly died 10,900 years
ago (3633 x 3).
“The weather here changed so fast and so severely
that the forest of the lodge pole pine that had succeeded Ice Age
glaciers died in a blink.”
“This is catastrophic climate change”,
said paleobotanist Richard Hebda.
Ice Age glaciers retreated from
the Seattle area 14,000 years ago (3500 x 4) Page 22-23 of Early Man
in the New World by Kenneth MacGowan (1950) shows charts of major
glacial changes 18,000 years ago (3600 x 5), 25,000 years ago (3570
x 7), 40,000 years ago (3636 x 11), and 65,000 years ago (3611 x18)!
According to Encarta:
The Dalton era, which started about 10,500
(3500 x 3) years ago and lasted about 1,000 years in Arkansas.
The first animals used in husbandry were domesticated in southwest
Asia 11,000 years ago (3636 x 3).
Most sequoias suffered extinction
11,000 years ago (3636 x 3)
About 11,000 years ago (3636 x 3), the
axis of the earth pointed so as to give the northern hemisphere
colder winters and warmer summers.
Norway was inhabited 14,000 (3500
x 5) years ago.
Indianapolis is located on the Tipton Till Plain, an
area of flat to gently rolling land shaped 18,000 (3600 x 5) years
The peak of the last ice age was 22,000 (3667 x 6) years ago.
The Great Salt Lake is a shallow remnant of Lake Bonneville, a large
deep fresh water lake that occupied much of western Utah and parts
of Nevada and Idaho from approximately 50,000 (3571 x 14) years ago
to approximately 25,000 (3571 x 7) years ago.
According to an
October 9, 1998 article from the Associated Press and Science
magazine, a major ice age occurred 22,000 years ago (6 x 3666).
From Geo Science, Tsunami Along the South
Coast of NSW
The first event probably occurred concomitantly with
the rise of
Holocene sea-level near modern levels around 7000 BP. ...The impact
tsunami upon the coastal landscape has been profound.
provide estimates of the magnitude of run-up of these events. The
which chaotic mixes of sediment and imbricated boulder stacks have
deposited and the height of headlands that have had a smear of clay,
shell plastered across them give general estimates of the run-up
height. The elevation of eroded landscape features on headlands
gives information about the depth and velocity of flow.
of sand laminae and splayed sand units within deltaic sediments
permit the landward limit of tsunami impact to be determined. This
geomorphic evidence indicates that the largest tsunami waves swept
sediment across the continental shelf and obtained flow depths of
15-20 m at the coastline with velocities in excess of 10 meters per
second. Along cliffs, and especially at Jervis Bay, waves reached
elevations of 40-100 m with evidence of flow depths in excess of 15
Preliminary evidence on the Shoalhaven delta indicates that waves
penetrated 10 km inland for at least one event. This geomorphic
evidence suggests that the New South Wales south coast is subject to
tsunami waves an order of magnitude greater than that indicated by
historic tide gauge records.
Recent work indicates that the southeast coast of Australia may not
be the only coast to be affected by catastrophic tsunami. The
geomorphic signatures of such events have been found on Lord Howe
Island in the mid-Tasman Sea, along the north Queensland coast and
along the northwest coast of Western Australia.
At the latter
location, there is good evidence that a recent wave swept more than
30 km inland, in the process topping 60 m high hills more than 2 km
from the coast.
Finally bedrock sculpturing features have been identified on the
islands of Hawaii and along the east coast of Scotland. The latter
location is within the zone affected by the tsunami generated by a
large submarine landslide near Storegga, Norway also 7,000 years
The Eruption of Thera Devastation in the Mediterranean Greater Than
When Krakatoa exploded on August 26, 1883, it caused
widespread destruction and loss of life on the coasts of Java and
Sumatra. Blast waves cracked walls and broke windows up to 160 km.
Tidal waves, reportedly up to 36 meters high, inundated the
shores of the Sunda Strait, destroying nearly 300 towns and
villages, and overnight more than 35,000 people lost their lives.
The Changing Face of the Thera Problem Krakatoa erupted noisily. It
could be heard as much as 3,000 miles away on Rodrigues Island in
the Indian Ocean. Vibrations shattered shop windows 80 miles off.
The energy; released in the main explosion has been estimated to be
equivalent to an explosion of 150 megatons of TNT. Ships navigating
the seas in the vicinity of Krakatoa reported that floating pumice
in some places had formed a layer about 3 m thick. Other shops, 160
miles off, reported that they were covered with dust three days
after the end of the eruption. In fact the dust cloud completely
shrouded the area, so that it was dark even 257 miles away from the
The period of darkness lasted twenty-four hours in places 130 miles
fifty-seven hours 50 miles away. The black-out in the immediate
continued for three days and was so total that not even lamp-light
penetrate it. Stunningly beautiful sunsets were observed during the
months in both American and Europe, thanks to the suspension of fine
particles of dust in the atmosphere.
Thera - Pompeii of the Ancient Aegean
Christos G. Doumas, p. 141
Two titanic volcanic explosions occurred in the Mediterranean in the
fifteenth century BC, one on Mount Vesuvius and the other on the
island of Thera near Crete. Each dwarfed the great explosion of the
Krakatoa volcano in 1883.
Robert Jastrow, Hero or Heretic?
Digest, Sep/Oct ‘80
According to current data, the last two great
eruptions of Vesuvius occurred in 3580 B.C.E and 79 C.E. (the latter
being the eruption which buried Pompei and Herculaneum). Both
Krakatoa and Thera have a Volcanic Explosivity Index or VEI of 6
which rates them as “colossal” with a plume height over 25 km and a
displacement volume of between 10 and 100 ks km.
Robert Jastrow, Hero or Heretic?
Science Digest, Sep/Oct ‘80
Chieh Dynasty. In the twenty-ninth year of King Chieh [the last
ruler of Hsia, the earliest recorded Chinese dynasty], the Sun was
dimmed... King Chieh lacked virtue... the Sun was distressed...
during the last years of Chieh ice formed in [summer] mornings and
frosts in the sixth month [July]. Heavy rainfall toppled temples and
buildings... Heaven gave severe orders. The Sun and Moon were
untimely. Hot and cold weather arrived in disorder. The five cereal
crops withered and died. Written during the reign of Emperor Qin
16 January 1999, p. 43 Book
Review: Noah’s Flood by
William Ryan and Walter Pitman
Schuster, ISBN 0684810522
There was a truly great flood around
the Black Sea, recounted orally and eventually in writing by
descendants of the scattered groups of survivors. Geology,
climatology, archaeology, linguistics, history and international
subterfuge bordering on espionage all play a part in a fascinating
story that reveals as much about how science works today as it does
about the world 7000 years ago.
... A chance remark from a colleague
set Ryan and Pitman wondering whether a similar catastrophic flood
could have been witnessed and remembered as the story of Noah.
Strands of evidence from diverse fields slowly came together to
implicate the Black Sea, around 5600 BC.
Geologists Speculate on Noah’s Flood Associated Press
Some biblical fundamentalists have expended great energy searching
for the remains of Noah’s ark. Geological research does find reason
there was indeed a vast, sudden and deadly flood around 5,600 B.C.,
enough to the possible time of Noah to fascinate biblical
literalists and liberals
The Ryan-Pitman candidate for the great Flood locale is what
we know as
the Black Sea, bordering Turkey to the north. In 1993, Ryan and
Pitman joined a
Russian expedition on the Black Sea and used the latest technology
evidence of geological patterns, soil layers and forms of aquatic
life that existed
in ancient times.
One telltale clue: Freshwater mollusks with
gave way to salt-water creatures that had intact shells, a
biological transition that could be dated through carbon-14 testing
of the shell remains. From such research, the scientists spin this
scenario: Until about 5600 B.C. the Black Sea was an inland
fresh-water lake, considerably smaller than today’s salt-water sea
and lying far below the level of the Mediterranean Sea.
Sea—Trailing Ancient Mariners
Washington Post, September 26, 1999
the story is told in the Old Testament, the great flood lasted for
40 days and 40 nights, and submerged every living thing on Earth
beneath 24 feet of water, sparing only Noah, his family and the
pairs of animals he protected on his ark. Scientists have never
found Noah or his ark, but they believe in his flood. It happened
about 7,600 years ago, when the Mediterranean Sea, swollen by melted
glaciers, breached a natural dam separating it from the freshwater
lake known today as the Black Sea. ...
The theory of the Black Sea’s
Neolithic catastrophe was developed by Columbia University marine
geologists William Ryan and Walter Pitman over three decades of
research and published this year in their book Noah’s Flood. The
authors describe how the sea level worldwide began to rise as
glaciers melted at the end of the last ice age 15,000 years ago.
When the melt began, the Black Sea was a freshwater lake fed by
rivers, among them those known today as the Danube, the Dnieper and
the Don. On the lake’s southern edge, a 360-foot natural dam held
back the waters of what is now the Mediterranean Sea. By 7,600 years
ago, sea level probably had risen to within 15 feet of the lip of
the Bosporus. And then it flooded....
For Noah’s Flood, a New Wave
Washington Post, November 18, 1999
discovered an ancient coastline 550 feet below the surface of the
Black Sea, providing dramatic new evidence of a sudden, catastrophic
flood around 7,500 years ago - the possible source of the Old
Testament story of Noah. A team of deep-sea explorers this summer
captured the first sonar images of a gentle berm and a sandbar
submerged undisturbed for thousands of years on the sea floor.
using radiocarbon dating techniques, analysts have shown that the
remains of freshwater mollusks subsequently dredged from the ancient
beach date back 7,500 years and saltwater species begin showing up
6,900 years ago. Explorer Robert D. Ballard, who led the team that
collected the shells, said the findings indicate a flood occurred
sometime during the 600-year gap. “What we wanted to do is prove to
ourselves that it was the biblical flood,“ Ballard said in an
interview this week.
The findings offer independent verification of a theory advanced by
University geologists William Ryan and Walter Pitman that the Black
created when melting glaciers raised the sea level until the sea
natural dam at what is now the Bosporus, the strait that separates
Mediterranean Sea from the Black Sea.
An apocalyptic deluge
inundating the freshwater lake below the dam, submerging thousands
miles of dry land, flipping the ecosystem from fresh water to salt
overnight, and probably killing thousands of people and billions of
land and sea
creatures, according to Ryan and Pitman.
The two scientists
catastrophe in their book
Noah’s Flood, based on 30 years of
research that began
with coring samples showing the same abrupt transition from lake to
sea that Ballard confirmed with his dredge. No one had ever actually
seen the old shoreline, however, until Ballard’s team captured sonar
images of it in August. Ryan and Pitman also that suggested that the
flood may have triggered massive migrations to destinations as
diverse as Egypt, western Europe and central Asia, an idea has
provoked some academic controversy.
Scholars also question whether
any natural disaster could be conclusively identified as the
inspiration for the story of Noah’s flood.
“All modern critical
Bible scholars regard the tale of Noah as legendary,” said Hershel
Shanks, editor of the Biblical Archaeology Review. “There are other
flood stories, but if you want to say the Black Sea flood is Noah’s
flood, who’s to say no? “
Shanks pointed out that biblical scholars
date the writing of the Book of Genesis, from which the story of
Noah is taken, at sometime between 2,900 and 2,400 years ago, and a
similar event is described in the
Mesopotamian Gilgamesh legend,
written about 3,600 years ago. But while Ryan and Pitman do not prove
that the Black Sea flood directly inspired Gilgamesh or Noah, their
theory argues persuasively that the event was probably horrific
enough for scribes and minstrels to remember it for thousands of
And regardless of the historical context, the science of the
Black Sea flood stands undisputed. Ryan and Pitman dated the event
at 7,600 years ago, and they fixed the likely depth of the ancient
coastline almost exactly where Ballard found it. “It feels good,”
Pitman said of Ballard’s findings, analyzed by the Woods Hole
Oceanographic Institution in Massachusetts. Pitman noted that the
new research took place on the Black Sea’s southern shore near the
Turkish port of Synope—far from the northern waters where he and
Ryan had worked.
The flood, the underwater coastline and the
likelihood that ancient settlements lie on the submerged plain have
added a new dimension to an already ambitious project. The region’s
main archaeological attraction has always been the Black Sea itself,
composed mostly of dense Mediterranean salt water that immediately
plunged to the bottom of the freshwater lake when the Bosporus gave
way 7,500 years ago.
Ever since, the less dense water on top has
acted as a 500-foot-deep lid on a 7,000-foot-deep oxygen-free
abyss—a watery wilderness where scientists suspect there may be
7,500 years of shipwrecks preserved in almost pristine condition.
The tantalizing prospect of exploring this environment piqued
Ballard’s interest several years ago. Beginning with the Titanic in
1985, Ballard has found several historic wrecks in deep water using
manned submersibles and robotic vehicles.
The Black Sea project,
funded by the National Geographic Society and the University of
Pennsylvania, began in 1995, when teams of archaeologists on land
and in shallow water began mapping Synope and its environs. Synope
is about 200 miles directly south across the Black Sea’s abyssal
waters from the Crimea—a natural terminus for an ancient trade
Ballard said he intends to use a deep-sea robot next summer to look
for a sea
lane. “The first thing you find is trash; you didn’t have
he said. And where there is trash, there are sure to be wrecks. “My
problem is going to be trees,” he added. If wooden ships can survive
Black Sea’s depths, then so can trees. The bottom could look like a
difficulties, Ballard said, are different from those inherent in the
search for flood-plain settlements. Many of these were probably
buried—and lost forever—when a thick layer of sediment swept into the
old lake with the flood waters. And Ballard suspects many others
have been destroyed by the trawlers that have been scouring the sea
bottom for thousands of years. Still, he said, there are plenty of
“relic surfaces” near Synope, where the water simply rose quickly to
submerge intact whatever lay below.
Ballard’s sonar sweeps this
summer found a gentle coastline “frozen in time,” he said. “In a
perfect world you’ll see a fence,” Ballard said, or maybe a stockade
or even a house. And there will likely be plenty of artifacts,
because “when the flood came, people just had to run.
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