figure 1. Spectrum
Analysis of a Typical HAARP Pulse
This graph shows both the signal amplitude, in yellow at the top,
and a spectral analysis of the HAARP pulse in the blue/green
patterns at the bottom. To listen to the sound file from which this
analysis was made use below player panel.
HAARP (High-Frequency Active Auroral
Research Program) is a high-powered radio transmission research
facility jointly operated by the US Navy, Air Force and several
universities. Because of the high secrecy surrounding the government HAARP project, many theories have risen trying to explain what HAARP
is and does. Most of them are simply wild speculations, based on
fears about what "they are doing up there." It is the purpose of
this article to provide sufficient technical expertise to dispel the
The above HAARP signal was monitored on 3.39 MHZ and recorded in San
Jose, California, about 5,000 miles from the transmitter in Gakona,
eastern central Alaska. At that distance and frequency, the signal
can only be heard during the night after two F-layer ionospheric
skips. Some short-term signal fading over the signal path may be the
cause for the variations in the smooth roll-off in the amplitude
from 1 sec to the end of the pulse at 6.25 secs. These loud 6 second
pulses are usually repeated with a quiet 15 or 30 second pause
1. HAARP and
ULF (Ultra Low Frequency) Waves
The HAARP sound recording may seem full of static. It is not. The
rushing roaring sound of a blow torch is the HAARP signal itself, as
shown by the silence or background noise of the receiver at the end
of the pulse, and by the clarity of the tones at the beginning. If
you wanted to see or hear the ULF (ultra low frequency) waves sent
out by the HAARP transmitter, you will be disappointed here.
My receiver is not equipped to record ULF waves in the region of 1
to 10 Hz, and has an audio roll-off in the range of about 30 Hz. And
besides, you can't hear or see a 0.9 or 1 Hz signal anyway. It is
way below the range of normal human hearing. You need instruments to
sense it. A powerful 1 Hz sound would probably be "sensed" as a slow
rolling earthquake or a slight rocking motion as on the ocean.
Nonetheless, a major component and purpose of the HAARP signal is an
audio modulation at the frequency of about 0.9 Hz. And what is that
purpose? I'll get to that in a moment.
Interaction with the Atmosphere
The HAARP pulse is primarily divided into two components. The first
part is the sections marked A and B on the chart above and is the powerful
"pre-heat" megawatt pulse aimed upward at the ionosphere just above
the HAARP facility. As the radio waves travel up through the
atmosphere they have no effect until they reach the ionosphere about
200 kilometers above the earth, which is far above the atmosphere.
At that point the waves interact with the ions, which may be
electrons, protons or ionized parts of atoms like oxygen, ozone or
Normally the particles in the near vacuum of outer-space in the
region of the ionosphere are simply moving randomly in all
directions. Some particles may hit each other and re-combine into
normal atoms of oxygen and nitrogen, thus simply becoming a part of
the atmosphere. Other particles may drift off into space and others
may move downward into the thicker atmosphere where they re-combine.
Then along comes the HAARP signal.
For about a quarter second during the part A and B of the pulse, the
randomly moving ions are now forced to madly race back and forth in
the direction of the radio waves at the speed of light or 300,000
kilometers per second, which is real fast. Many of them strike atoms
in the upper atmosphere and cause the atoms to also become ionized.
Thus the number of ions is suddenly increased. Since the neutral
atoms in the atmosphere do not react to the radio waves, they remain
more or less stationary, and become "sitting ducks" just waiting to
be hit by one of the billions of racing ions all rushing back and
forth in response to the HAARP waves.
Even if the neutral atoms don't become ionized, many of them are
struck by the fast ions and soon most of the atmospheric atoms high
above the HAARP transmitter are also rushing in all directions but
not back and forth as are the ions. This sudden increase in the
motion of both the atoms and ions in the upper atmosphere is called
"ionospheric heating." In fact, the HAARP facility, along with
several similar research instruments in Europe and Russia, are in
the category of Ionospheric Heaters. But its what HAARP does next
during the part C of the pulse which makes HAARP unique.
of the HAARP Pulse
In portion A of the pulse, identifier tones are sent at frequencies
of 360, 1000 and 1700 Hz, with some harmonics at higher frequencies
visible on the graph. In part B the tones are 650 Hz with a harmonic
at 1300 Hz. On the chart the yellow color indicates a very strong
signal, the green indicates a medium strength signal and the blue
shows a weak signal.
In part C of the signal there is a continuous tone at 2100 Hz which
remains during the whole pulse and sometimes several seconds
afterward. There is also a much weaker tone around 2500 Hz during
all of the pulse. And then there is all that green/yellow stuff at
the bottom, sloping upward to the right during all of part C. What
the heck is that? To explain that we need to look at the HAARP
fig 2. HAARP Antenna
Showing the crossed beams of the circularly polarized antennas. The
HAARP "antenna farm" consists of 48 towers, soon to be
180, about 25
meters tall and each is topped with a pair of crossed beams in a
north-south and east-west direction. The actual radiating parts of
the antenna include those wires dangling from the ends of the beams.
By sloping the wires and hooking all the antennas together they act
as one large single antenna covering 33 acres which can transmit in
the north-south or east-west direction.
If HAARP only used the north-south beams then the electrons and
protons in the ionosphere would race madly in the north-south
direction. And likewise if the radio waves move in the east-west
direction, so would the ions. What HAARP does is on each portion of
the transmitter cycle it switches from the east-west to the
north-south beams and back again.
If you could see the radio waves rising from the antenna they would
appear to be spiraling or "cork-screwing" upward. This is called
"circular polarization" of the radio signal. This is not uncommon,
since all commercial FM stations use circular polarization to send
horizontal signals to home roof antennas and vertical signals to
But HAARP is not broadcasting to homes or autos, nor is it switching
on each cycle. No, the HAARP signal is corkscrewing upward at a rate
of, TADA!, about 0.9 Hz. And why is that? By corkscrewing the
signal, the ions in the upper atmosphere do not just race madly back
and forth, instead they move in BIG circles. And you can get the
most ions running around the "race course" just above HAARP if you
make them have a "lap time" of about once per second.
Optimizing the HAARP Rotation
What determines the
optimum "lap time" is something called the plasma density and is
related to the temperature, number of ions, number of neutral atoms
in the ionosphere, and some other factors I won't mention here.
(Note: For more information on plasma density consult any of the
many graduate texts on
plasma physics. Also, I have oversimplified
the relation between the 0.9 Hz signal and the "lap time." It is not
my purpose here to provide a complete description of ionospheric
By making the ions, both electrons and protons, move in big circles
they each become little electromagnets with a north and south pole.
At the latitude of HAARP in Gakona, Alaska the earth's magnetic
field lines are nearly vertical. So if the HAARP circular
polarization is either clockwise or counter-clockwise you can make
the ions racing around at 0.9 Hz either be attracted to the earth's
magnetic north pole or repelled. If the circling ions are attracted,
then they would simply spiral downward toward the earth's north pole
and run into the denser atmosphere and might produce a very weak
aurora, hence the name High Frequency Active Auroral Research
Program. That's all very interesting but its not exactly the real
purpose of HAARP.
6. HAARP as a
If the HAARP signal rotates so the ions circle around with their
north poles pointing downward, then they are repelled by the earth's
magnetic north pole and are shot out into the vacuum of space at
nearly the speed of light. Wow, you mean HAARP is a particle gun?
You betcha! The largest one around, sorta.
But its not really a "gun" because you can't aim it at anything. The
particles simply shoot off into space. But they are still spiraling
and are magnetic, and as a result they follow along the earth's
magnetic field. In less than half a second they arrive at the
earth's south pole. There, they don't even touch the atmosphere but
are caused to spiral more tightly by the earth's converging magnetic
field lines, until they are made to flip over and are shot right
back to the north pole, all in less than a second. Thus HAARPis
really a particle injector which fires billions of ions into the
"magnetic bottle" of the earth's magnetosphere, where they remain
trapped for a long time.
7. Uses of the
HAARP Particle Injection Device
So what can you do with a particle injector like HAARP? According to
the original patent design, this device could be used to produce a
thick blanket of fast particles in the region of the magnetosphere
which would knock out any electronic controls on, or possibly
completely destroy, any space vehicle which flew through it. This
was most interesting in the 1980's when the patent was filed and
even in 1990 when the US government decided to build HAARP. At that
time the main nuclear threat was the USSR and any missile from
Russia aimed at the US would need to pass through the magnetosphere
over the north pole.
By deploying the HAARP system, no
missiles from Russia would reach the US. None. Zero. And that is
pretty effective! Most people think of an ICBM as a kind of big rock
or arrow. You just lob it from here and it sorta lands on the target
over there. Not so. An ICBM is a space vehicle. It must take off
using a large booster rocket, travel at near orbital speed in the
vacuum of space until it is over the target then it must re-enter
To survive re-entry the missile must use one of several schemes,
like retro rockets, or deploying an ablative heat shield to protect
the warhead from simply burning up in the atmosphere. If the
missile's computer controls are destroyed when passing through the
magnetosphere then the missile will not survive re-entry and will
simply burn up like a piece of space junk or a meteor. There's a
good chance the missile's control systems are destroyed even before
the second stage separates from the booster, thus the missile never
even arrives over the target.
8. The HAARP
Shield and the "Cold War"
In the 1980's and '90's a number of Strategic Defense Initiative
(SDI or "Star Wars") programs were developed. All of them, which
relied on shooting particle beams, lasers or anti-ballistic missiles
at the target were made obsolete and useless in the early 1980's. I
know, since I worked on a number of them. They all relied on knowing
where the target was and then shooting something at the target. The
development of non-radar-reflective paint and surfaces, or stealth
technology, meant you can't tell where the target is. If you don't
know where it is, how can you shoot at it? The only effective
defensive shield concept was and is HAARP.
My suspicion is, the decision to build HAARP in 1990 was one of the
major reasons for the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. Since
ALL soviet missiles would be destroyed before re-entering the
atmosphere, the USSR had neither an offensive nor defensive missile
weapons system, other than nuclear submarines. The US could turn on
and off the HAARP shield at will, so it was almost like putting the
"shields" up or down on Captain Kirk's Enterprise on the "real" Star
Wars. You put the shields down to fire weapons, then put the shields
back up to defend against any incoming missiles. The USSR was no
longer a nuclear threat nor even a nuclear power as soon as the
HAARP system was built. Bye, Bye USSR.
9. Where the
HAARP Shield Fails
Unfortunately, the HAARP system is not exactly like theshields on
the Enterprise. The shield follows along the lines of the earth's
magnetic field. Near the north and south poles the magnetosphere
reaches down to almost touch the atmosphere. But near the equator
the magnetosphere is several thousand miles out in space.
A missile from Russia going over the polar region must pass through
the magnetosphere. But a missile from China can deploy a second
stage, reach orbit and deploy for re-entry all below an altitude of
several hundred miles and never come anywhere near the
magnetosphere. Thus HAARP is no defense against Chinese nuclear
weapons. A new technology is needed. And it was found.
Methods for the HAARP Shield
About 1995 a number of ionospheric research physicists studying
particles coming from the sun, noticed the height of the particles
above the earth's surface bouncing back and forth from pole to pole
was dependent on their velocity. By slowing the particles down the
racing electrons and protons in the magnetosphere would drop down
from several thousand miles to almost the top of the atmosphere
about 20 to 50 miles above the surface. Could HAARP be used to make
that happen? Yes.
By changing the frequency at which ions race
"around the track" above HAARP just before they are shot out into
space, you can determine the height at which they travel.
11. The Pulse
Graph Shows New HAARP Technology
Simply by changing the frequency of the circular polarization during
the HAARP pulse a vertical curtain of extremely fast particles can
be made to drop down from the magnetosphere to just above the top of
the atmosphere along the direction which the HAARP signal is sent.
In the graph of fig.1 the sloping lines of the green/yellow color
are caused by the base frequency of 0.9 to 1 Hz being shifted
slightly during the pulse.
What is seen in the graph is the higher frequency harmonics of the
square wave pulses which heat the ions but it is the ULF component
which fires them into space. And it is the slow shifting of the ULF
component during the pulse which produces the vertical curtain
shield. I have seen and heard many pulses with the sound seeming to
be falling. In this sample the sound is slightly rising. Sounding
something like the rising roar of a jet engine during take-off.
12. What Else
You Can Learn About HAARP
Well, that is a thumbnail sketch of what you can discover by looking
at the graph and listening to the sound of the HAARP transmitter. Of
course, none of this is part of the "official" story you can get by
rummaging through the web pages at
the "official" HAARP website . You
might learn about the number of university programs which are
performing research on the ionosphere. But even in the "cover story"
of ionospheric research, they hardly mention the study of Alfven
Waves at the ultra low frequency (ULF) of 0.9 Hz. HAARP is supposed
to be an HF or High-Frequency facility.
They do mention some of the students are doing studies on ELF
(Extremely Low Frequency) waves. But the only way you might find out HAARP is primarily a ULF facility, despite its name, is by looking
at the technical specifications of the instrumentation. Especially,
the Induction Magnetometer
instrument which was made and tuned for HAARP to detect the pc1
Alfven waves in the magnetic field with a ULF frequency of 0.9 Hz.
You can find out about the Navy's
ELF Systems for communicating to
nuclear submarines from antennas in Wisconsin and Michigan operating
at 76 Hz. You will find nothing about how the US Navy has been using
HAARP's ULF signal to transmit much deeper in the ocean. Other
countries can communicate to deep subs with transmitters and
antennas which can go down to about 7 Hz. But HAARP operates at
about 1 Hz. The lower the frequency the deeper the signal penetrates
the ocean. To find out about the Navy's "Official" explanation of
what they are doing at HAARP, check out the
Navy HAARP Fact Sheet.
At the HAARP website you might learn the third member of the
triumvirate which operates the facility is the US Air Force. And
that's about all you learn. Nothing is said about any Air Force
activity at HAARP. Until you read this article you would never have
guessed, the part of the Air Force which operates the HAARP facility
Space Vehicles Directorate, whose
primary task is planning and engaging in space warfare. Check out
the "Official" Space Vehicles Directorate
AF HAARP Fact Sheet to see what
they want you to know. Now, why would the Space Vehicles Directorate
be interested in playing with some radios in Alaska? Doh. Well, now
To find out about the primary purpose of HAARP you can take a look
the patent filed by Dr. Eastlund in 1985.
The patent is filled with a lot of those strange "chicken
scratchings" of higher calculus used by plasma physicists and
theoretical radio scientists. Just ignore those. That's only the
stuff you put in patents to fool the patent inspectors into thinking
you know what you're talking about before you actually build a
device to prove you are right.
But the patent does have some nice
pictures of how the "corkscrewing" waves from the transmitter
interact with the ions in the ionosphere to shoot them out into
space. Along with the patent bibliography there is a clear
description of how a "HAARP" type device can be used. Taken together
they give a rather dry, but chilling description of the future of
warfare in space.
There are two items which you will see
of prime importance:
(1) the patent has been
assigned to APTI Inc, (APTI is a small subdivision of oil
company ARCO, the prime defense contractor which built HAARP)
(2) the Patent Office
Classifications for the Eastlund patent are 089/1.11 and
And what do those classifications mean?
Here's what the US Pat Off says about those Classifications.
ORDNANCE Class Definition:
This class includes all guns adapted to be mounted or supported
otherwise than by hand, all explosion-operated guns including
hand and shoulder firearms, bomb dropping devices, and those gun
combinations and subcombinations which are not provided for in
other classes including mounts, supports, carriages, loading and
hoisting mechanisms, shields.
Subclass: 1.11 WAGING WAR: This subclass is indented under the class
definition. Subject matter relating to conducting wars between
nations and states, to tactics employed by a military, police,
or like unit, or individual to the detriment of an adversary.
INDUCED NUCLEAR REACTIONS: PROCESSES, SYSTEMS, AND ELEMENTS Class Definition:
This class provides for patents directed to processes involving
induced nuclear reactions and structures which implement such
376 subclass 100 NUCLEAR FUSION: This subclass is indented under the
class definition. Subject matter comprising structures and
processes in which two reacting nuclei are combined to yield at
least one nucleus having a greater mass than either of the
376 Subclass 123 Principal heating by wave energy: This subclass is
indented under subclass 121. Subject matter wherein most of the
energy imparted to the nuclei for bringing the nuclei to a
condition sufficient for reaction to take place is imparted
through electromagnetic energy.
The title of Eastlund's Patent is "Method
for producing a shell of relativistic particles at an altitude above
the earths surface." You can see for yourself the Assignee
and the Classifications right on the first page of
the text version of Eastlund's Patent . And in addition,
you should look at the "CLAIMS" section and read claim "7. The
method of claim 6 wherein said shell is formed as an anti-missile
Also at the very end of the patent in the section called "BEST
MODES FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION" you will read,
"It can be seen from the above, that
by generating a shell 20 of high density, relativistic particle
plasma, an effective defensive shield can be provided to guard
against offensive missiles."
And that should clarify the purpose of
the patent, and thus the purpose and mission of HAARP.
So what does all that mean? Well, HAARP
itself is a radio transmitter system which heats a small portion of
the ionosphere above the facility and does not directly produce
nuclear reactions. The circularly polarized radio waves or
"electromagnetic radiation" do cause "cyclotron"
reactions in the ionsosphere to toss the ions into the magnetic bottle of the
All those fast ions trapped in the
magnetosphere then act as a "shield" used by the "military" to cause
the incoming missiles to go Boom! And that is the "induced nuclear
reactions" indicated by the patent classification. So much for
just being a government facility for doing research on the aurora.