Also worthy of note is some of the later work of Puthoff and Targ,
attempting to enhance the accuracy and reliability of RV
by using different error-correcting techniques (i.e., majority vote and
Associational Remote Viewing).
The STARGATE project continued well into the 1990s, under the direction
of physicist Edwin May, first at SRI and then at SAIC (Science
Applications International Corp.). Extending earlier work of Puthoff and
Targ, May and his colleagues conducted a number of studies exploring the
potential of RV for intelligence-gathering, while also attempting to
understand some of its underlying mechanisms.
Working with a small,
select group of "expert" remote viewers, the SRI/SAIC researchers
continued to produce some very striking examples of the applied
potential of remote viewing, while also exploring certain fundamental
questions about the nature of this skill.
In its totality, the STARGATE work provides some of the most solid
evidence for psi to date - as can be witnessed by the recently
declassified documents. Nevertheless, an agency contracted by the CIA to
evaluate the 24-year program (American Institutes for Research or AIR)
managed to give a mixed review, with a positive assessment by
statistician Jessica Utts, a negative one by psychologist Ray Hyman, and
an overall recommendation by the AIR staff to terminate the
Although accepting that a significant effect had been shown
under scientifically rigorous conditions, the AIR report suggests that
there is no need to accept the reality of RV, and that, in any event,
its pragmatic utility for intelligence-gathering had not been
demonstrated. Following this, Edwin May made several public appearances
strongly challenging the objectivity of the AIR, and questioning the
true motives driving its report.
An article by May, detailing some of
the more objectionable aspects of this affair, has appeared in the
Journal of Scientific Exploration, along with articles by
SRI researchers Hal Puthoff and Russell Targ and
AIR consultants Jessica Utts and Ray Hyman.
For more detailed information on Stargate, go to
The American Institutes for Research Review of the Department of
Defense's STAR GATE Program:
A Commentary by Edwin May
May, E. C., Utts, J. M., Humphrey, B. S., Luke, W. L. W., Frivold, T.
J., and Trask, V. V. (1990). Advances in Remote-Viewing Analysis.
Journal of Parapsychology, 54, 193-228.
May, E. C. and Vilenskaya, L. (1992). Overview of Current Parapsychology
Research in the Former Soviet Union. Subtle Energies, 3, No. 3, 45-67.
May, E. C., Spottiswoode, S. J. P., and James, C. L. (1994). Managing
the Target-Pool Bandwidth: Possible Noise Reduction for Anomalous
Cognition Experiments. Journal of Parapsychology, 58, 303-313.
May, E. C., Spottiswoode, S. J. P. and James, C. L. (1994). Shannon
Entropy: A Possible Intrinsic Target Property. Journal of
Parapsychology, 58, 384-401.