by Michele Bugliaro Goggia

last modified: May 8, 2006 0:06 AM

from UFOPsi Website

Flying devices are commonplace in many religions, and Hinduism is no exception. According to ancient Sanskrit texts found a few years ago by Westerners in a South Indian temple, Vimanas were open topped flying devices, restricted to the Earth's atmosphere.


The origin of the word "vimana" can be found in Sanskrit, even though the Cologne Digital Sanskrit Lexicon doesn't list it:

vimaanam.h: an aircraft, plane

In its original meaning, vimana refers to flying machines, though, of course, not directly to flying saucers. According to Sanskrit literature professor Prof. Dileep Kumar Kanjilal, Ph.D. of the West Bengal Senior Educational Service:

"In addition to the Vaimanika Shashtra, the Samarangana Sutradhara and the Yuktikalpataru of Bhoja, there are about 150 verses of the Rig Veda, Yajurveda and the Atharvaveda, a lot of literary passages belonging to the Ramayana, the Mahabharata, the Puranas, the Bhagavata and the Raghuvamsa and some references of the darma Abhijnanasakuntalam of Kalidasa, the Abimaraka of Bhasa, the Jatalas. the Avadhana Literature and of the Kathasaritsagara and a number of literary works contained either references to graphic aerial flight or to the mechanism of the aerial vehicles used in old ages in India."

Reference to flying vehicles occurred in the Mahabharata in about 41 places of which the air attack of Salva on Krisna's capital Dwaraka deserve special notice.

The first researcher to spot such unusual flying machines was Lord Desmond Leslie, the friend of contactee George Adamski, in the early 1950's. Leslie not being a true expert of Sanskrit, his work has been criticized. Dr. Roberto Pinotti, an Italian scientist and ufologist, on October 12, 1988 was a speaker in the World Space Conference in Bangalore, India.


He referred to several Hindu texts and pointed out that Indian gods and heroes fought in the skies using piloted vehicles armed with weapons. These weapons consisted of seven different types of mirrors and lenses, which were used for offensive and defensive purposes. The "Pinjula Mirror" offered a form of visual shield, preventing the pilots from "evil rays", and the weapon named "Marika" was used to shoot enemy aircraft.

Dr. Pinotti declared that these weapons "do not seem to be too different from what we today call laser technology." The vehicles themselves were made of special heat absorbing metals, called "Somaka, Sound alike and Mourthwika".


According to Pinotti, the,

"principles of propulsion as far as the descriptions were concerned, might be defined as electrical and chemical, but solar energy was involved as well."

Richard L. Thompson, born in Binghampton, New York, in 1947, received in 1974 his Ph. D. in mathematics from Cornell University, where he specialized in probability theory and statistical mechanics.


In his book "Alien Identities", he writes:

"In the Vedic literature of India, there are many descriptions of flying machines that are generally called vimanas. These fall into two categories:

(1) manmade craft that resemble airplanes and fly with the aid of birdlike wings

(2) unstreamlined structures that fly in a mysterious manner and are generally not made by human beings

The machines in category (1) are described mainly in medieval, secular Sanskrit works dealing with architecture, automata, military siege engines, and other mechanical contrivances. Those in category (2) are described in ancient works such as the Rg Veda, the Mahabharata, the Ramayana, and the Puranas, and they have many features reminiscent of UFOs."


Composition and flight

What were vimanas made of?


Some information sound bizarre. Some were made of wood or metal, the first ones of wood and covered with a substance that gave them great resistance, lightness and strength. When metal was used, it was an alloy of two white and one red metal (probably copper, magnesium and aluminium). A sheet of this alloy was put on the surface of the vimana and soldered electrically. There was no joint. The vimana was shiny and lightful during the night!

About the propulsion system, something called "vril" was employed: through the personal vibrations, the object could levitate. Lately, a system of tubes along the sides of vimana could bring the energy towards the eight terminal tubes on the lower side, or on the eight ones on the upper side, to produce a thrust. Practically, there were sixteen reactors. Maybe kerosene was used as fuel. Another propulsion system was based on mercury: a ionic motor. Russians have discovered, in some Turkistan caves (Gobi desert), some semi-spheres made of glass and porcelain containing some drops of mercury. It does look like in ancient India somebody possessed advanced technology, in part recognizable with our rocket propulsion or with reaction propulsion.

The owners of vimanas were definitely in possess of a scientific culture the rest of the Indian civilization did not possess. They ruled different areas, bringing culture but declaring war to each other as well.

Dr. Pinotti concluded that the fact that Vimanas were written about hundreds, perhaps even thousands, of years ago, plus that they resembled modern UFOs would suggest that India had a,

"...superior but forgotten civilization. In the light of this, we think it will be better to examine the Hindu texts and subject the descriptive models of Vimanas to more scientific scrutiny."



During the 1920's and 1930's a civilization, contemporary of the Egyptians and Mesopotamians, was found in the Indo valley (today know as Pakistan). This can be considered the largest pre-classic empire of the world. The Indus Valley Civilization (33001700 BCE) was an ancient civilization thriving along the Indus River and the Ghaggar-Hakra River in what is now Pakistan and Northern India. Among other names for this civilization is the Harappan Civilization, in reference to its first excavated city of Harappa.

Sir Mortimer Wheeler (1890-1976), in 1944, became director-general of archaeology in India, exploring in detail the remains of the Indus Valley Civilization. He was searching for the two most important metropolis: Harappa and Mohenjodaro, the land of death. Harappa and Mohenjodaro probably were twin capitals of the Harappan empire. A sophisticated and technologically advanced urban culture is evident in Mohenjodaro. The quality of municipal town planning suggests knowledge of urban planning and efficient municipal governments which placed a high priority on hygiene. The streets of major cities such as Mohenjo-daro or Harappa were laid out in perfect grid patterns. The houses were protected from noise, odors, and thieves.

As seen in Harappa, Mohenjodaro and the recently discovered Rakhigarhi, this urban plan included the world's first urban sanitation systems. Within the city, individual homes or groups of homes obtained water from wells. From a room that appears to have been set aside for bathing, waste water was directed to covered drains, which lined the major streets. Houses opened only to inner courtyards and smaller lanes.

The same civilization dramatically ended.


The Indo-Aryan war god Indra "stands accused" of the destruction. It is however far from certain whether the collapse of the Indus Valley Civilization is a result of an Indo-Aryan migration, if there was one. It seems rather likely that, to the contrary, the hypnotized Indo-Aryan migration was as a result of the collapse. A third possibility is that Indus Valley Civilization collapsed primarily due to natural reasons (climate change, tectonic activity along the subduction zone along the Indo-Asian plate boundary), and that there was no Indo-Aryan invasion that took place.


David Davenport - thermonuclear explosion

For David Davenport, an English of Indian origins, expert of Sanskrit, a thermonuclear explosion isn't a far hypothesis at all. The description of the immense power of such a weapon were contained in the Mahabharata, section Drona Parva, describing a weapon called "Agneya": it was like a shiny rocket whose heat burned the world like a fever. Then, cold winds, cardinal points became clear and lightful. Looking at the burned walls, the second possibility seems the right one. In fact, Indra lead a cruel invasion.


In the Rigveda, it's written:

"devast the strong ones like time tears the clothes."

Everybody was slaughtered in loco. The final touch was a sudden holocaust of fire. Davenport came back from Pakistan with some sample remains from the city. The CNR lead a serious analysis that amazed the researchers: the objects brought by him appeared to be fused, glassified by a heat as high as 1500C, followed by a sudden cooling. Let's say that no natural phenomena can do the same.


For Davenport, the destruction described in the Ramayana of the Danda Kingdom were nothing but the end of Mohenjodaro, also identified as Lanka, meaning "isle", which Mohenjodaro was built on.