by Kathie Garcia
Atlantis Rising Magazine Issue 9
The day was April 21, 1519, a very significant day for 34-year-old
Spanish Explorer Hernando Cortes. It happened to be Good Friday.
Outnumbered thousands to one, Cortes astutely depended on guile and
psychological treachery as his greatest weapon. Within ten years a
population of 25 million was reduced, through plague, starvation,
massacres and enforced slavery, to less-than a million. Such was the
beginning of the prophesied cycle of nine hells, each lasting 52
How had they arrived at such a precise and dire omen? The Aztecs had
inherited their calendar from the Maya. The Maya attributed their
incredibly complex calendric system as well as their passion for
studying the solar system and astrological divination through
numeration and the repetition of cycles to another people whose
origin was lost in the dim past.
Zecharia Sitchin provides an
intriguing argument to prove that the Maya received their
astronomical know-how and calendars from the Sumerians who in turn
were instructed by
Nephilim, technologically advanced beings from
Elizabeth Clare Prophet teaches that
the Maya were
originally from Venus (those who are Maya today are not the same
souls who incarnated in ancient times and who bore the Venusian
Jose Arguelles speaks of Galactic Masters who left in the
framework of the calendar an advanced culture and a galactic code, a
synchronicity with not only planets but levels of consciousness in
The Maya had three calendars. All three calendars were based on the
vigesimal mathematical system (times twenty) which is the refinement
of the calendar by the Maya over other similar systems in
Mesoamerica. The calendars were designed to harmonize actual time,
the solar year and the revolutions of the various heavenly bodies.
The first calendar called The Long Count was used for looking back
in time and for recording events. An event was reckoned by the
number of days that had passed at the time of its occurrence since
Aug. 13, 3113 B.C. Judging by archaeological evidence, 3113 B.C. was
before the emergence of the Maya civilization. What happened, then,
that the Maya would place such importance on this date, a date
seemingly as important to them as the birth of Christ to those who
formulated the Christian calendar we use today? No one really knows
for sure, although the date could commemorate the inauguration of
the last Mayan Great Age.
The numeration of the Long Count calendar begins with,
kin for ones
uinal for twenties
one Tun for 18 uinal periods or what we would
call months plus a vayeb of five unnamed days
one katun for 20 Tun
or 7,200 days which is 19 years, 73 days
one baktun for 20 katun or
144,000 days or 394 years, 52 days and so forth until the multiples
reached alau-tun which equals 23,040,000,000 days or 63,080,082
The Maya spoke of eras of 5,125.40 years each equaling 13 baktuns of
144,000 days each. Each cycle of 13 baktuns was reckoned as an Age
or Great Cycle, a specific historical epoch. Like the days and the uinal months, each era had a qualifying meaning represented by its
particular glyph. Each Great Cycle was said to be governed by a
different Sun with a specific destiny for the evolutions of those
incarnating during that era.
In addition to the Long Count, the Maya employed two cyclical
The Maya intermeshed a solar exoteric calendar
a sacred esoteric calendar, Tzolkin.
The solar calendar, used
primarily for practical and agricultural reasons, consisted of
365.242129 days and is actually more precise than our Gregorian
calendar of 365.242500 days. The year haab was intended to begin
with the transit of the sun on the zenith and was counted from July
The Maya year was divided into 18 months of 20 days each. This left
five days without names or unlucky days at the end of the year. Each
of the 18 uinals was dedicated to a specific deity and his
corresponding festivals which related to the season of the year, the
work to be done during the season and the nature of the season
During the five useless or unnamed days, the Spanish
chroniclers wrote that no action of any importance, even of sweeping
the house or combing one's hair, was undertaken. It was believed
that if one quarreled during those days, one would be destined to do
so for the rest of the year! Woe to the poor person who happened to
be born during one of the nameless days! His life was fated to be
one of misery and unhappiness!
The days were designated in groups of 13. Each day had its specific
omens, used for astrological divination. Twenty-eight of these 13-day
weeks equals 364 days leaving an extra day at the end. When 13 years
had elapsed, the number of these extra days would equal 13, called
kin katun, the katun of the days.
The Spanish chroniclers called
these kin katuns indictions. When four indictions have passed, in
other words, 52 years, the year would begin with a year bearer of
the same name. This cycle of 52 years was reached by the Aztecs and
other peoples of Mesoamerica in the same manner. Five cycles of 52
years is 260 years, a Great Cycle, also reached by 13 x 20 and
called Ahau Katun. Ahau is the word for chief,
king, ruler. The Ahau
was the key to the nature of the cycle.
The Tzolkin, the sacred year calendar, used for ceremonial and
ritualistic purposes, lasted 260 days. The Tzolkin consisted of a
smaller wheel of 13 glyphs rotated with a larger wheel of 20 days,
resulting in the 260-day sacred year. Any given day represented a
particular intermeshing of the HAAB Solar Year and the ritualistic Tzolkin resulting in a specific forecast.
Jose Arguelles believes
that through the Tzolkin the Maya were able to track and interpret
sunspot cycles. He also claims that the Tzolkin provided the means
to connect with two star systems, specifically the Pleiades and
possibly Arcturus as well.
The two cyclical calendars, the Haab and the Tzolkin intercalibrated
together created the Sacred Round of 52 years called the
the years. For only once in 52 years or 18,980 days could the
combination of 13, 20 and 365 repeat itself. The 52-year cycle was
sacred to all ancient peoples of Mesoamerica and a key factor in
their understanding of past and future events.
Moira Timms sums up Jose Arguelles complex speculations:
can be regarded as a periodic table of galactic frequencies, because
it is a fractal of the vague count of the 26,000-year precession of
the equinoxes. The 26,000-year cycle of the sun's revolution around
the Pleiades, the 26,000,000-year periodicity of extinctions
reported in an extensive literature related to comet showers, and
possible pole shift, as Earth recurrently passes through the Oort
cloud, and other celestial cycles related by periods of time, the
factor of which is 260.
Jose Arguelles has named this calendar the
Harmonic Module because the 260 possible permutations of the 13
numbers and 20-day glyphs accommodate every possible computation of
all the calendric movements.
The basis, then, of this seemingly complex but ultimately simple
system is in the harmonizing factor of the 20x13. For example, the
solar revolution of Venus is 584 days. Five such revolutions =
2,920, or eight solar years of 365 days. Sixty-five such periods =
37,960, double the period of 52 years, the direct result of the
application of the designation of days in accordance with the system
of 20 characters and 13 digits to the solar year of 365 days.
Likewise, the solar revolution of Mercury is 115 days; 104 of these
revolutions produce the number 11,960 which also is 46 times the
period of 20x13 days. Brian Swimme writes in his introduction to
Jose Arguelles book,
The Mayan Factor. The Maya felt they were
engaged with the mind of the Sun, which manifested for them the mind
and heart of the galaxy. Arguelles shows how the calendars relate to
the revolution and frequency of the planets as well; a topic too
extensive to go into in detail in the space of this article.
Apparently, around A.D. 843, in the heyday of its civilization, the
great Mayan cities and ceremonial centers were suddenly and
inexplicably abandoned. Pyramids were deserted and left to be
engulfed by the Yucatan jungle for hundreds of years. Referring to
the departure of the Galactic Masters in the ninth century,
Their achievement, their actual
calling card, was a series of monuments which recorded in a very
precise manner the correlations between the galactic harmonic
pattern and the terrestrial solar calendar. The current 5,125
year cycle, 3113 B.C. - A.D. 2012, is a precise calibration of
the galactic fractal, 5,200 tun in diameter.
This 5,200-tun (or 1,872,000 kin or 260 katun or 13 baktun) cycle
literally acts like a lens focusing a beam through which information
from galactic sources is synchronized via the Sun to the Earth.
Why the obsession with time? A moment is surely a measurement of
opportunity. The cycles of time are accelerating as is our
perception of them. A shift as prophesied in the current 13 Baktun
cycle, Baktun 12 (the Baktun cycles begin with Baktun zero so the
second is Baktun one, etc.), the Transformation of Matter, seems
inevitable. The Maya glyphs for the period 1992 to 2012 are 13
Beyond Prophecies and Predictions,
interprets the meaning of 13 Reed/20 Ahau.
Thirteen Reed synchronizes cycles. In order to do this, it brings
transformation and new beginnings by means of destruction or
renewal, breakdown or breakthrough... 13 Reed is the time tunnel to
new dimensions. Planetary alignments and evolutionary shifts occur
during 13-Reed periods.
Twenty Ahau as the last glyph of the day calendar, and heart of the
calendric system, unifies and completes all natural, cultural,
religious and prophetic time cycles. The tail end of the Age of
Pisces is upon us, as is the close of the Mesoamerican Fifth World,
and the Kali Yuga of the Hindus, all nested within the culminating
revolution of the precessional Great Year.
The current Maya Great Age, the fifth, said to be a synthesis of the
last four Great Ages and is symbolized by the glyph Ollin, meaning
movement or shift. This age is believed to have been initiated by
Quetzalcoatl in 3,113 B.C. and is due to complete its cycle,
In the Mayan Chronology, the date 3113 B.C. date is written
18.104.22.168.0. On Dec. 21, 2012, the date will again be written
22.214.171.124.0. The coefficient 13 in the date 126.96.36.199.0. refers to the
completion of a cycle of 13 baktuns. Between the first cycle and the
ending cycle, 13 Baktun cycles of slightly less than 400 years each
have passed. Therefore, the first Baktun of the new cycle is Baktun
zero again. Note that 13 in esoteric tradition represents the
Christ. There were 12 disciples, Jesus as the Christed One was 13.
The Maya-based Aztec calendar places Ollin in the center of the
calendar. Ollin represents a point of synthesis. We are currently in
the thirteenth cycle, Baktun 12, the Baktun of the Transformation of
Matter spanning the years 1618 to 2012. The last
katun of this Age
began 1992 and ends 2012. The glyph for this katun is Storm followed
by Sun; a period of darkness followed by one of light. This is where
we are today.
The point of interest of the Maya calendar today is not only in
solving the mysteries of ancient civilizations but in that it
corroborates and coincides with so many other sources of prophecy,
Nostradamus, the predictions of the
Ascended Masters through Elizabeth Clare Prophet, Fatima and the
warnings of Mother Mary in her many appearances around the globe in
recent years, and others, of the significance of these end times.
The Maya calendar has been re-excavated and given greater attention
in recent years because the wisdom upon which it is based is
becoming more comprehensible to our consciousness as we do indeed
approach a shift in the portals of Aquarius, not only in the
imminent possibility of polar shifts and earth alignments, but in
consciousness. A shift that in the nature of the yin/yang of cycles
fulfilling themselves appears to be inevitable. Metaphysics can no
longer be separated from our archaeological interpretations and our
musings on ancient civilizations.
Metaphysics speaks of a
Seventh Root Race, a new wave of life-streams that are destined to incarnate
in South America, the forerunners of a potential Golden Age, but
whose timetables have been held up by the sorry state of human
Cortes may not have been Quetzalcoatl but he may indeed
have been the bearer of a judgment to a people steeped in the blood
of human sacrifice and of a time prophesied of great turmoil,
followed by the promise of a new era of enlightenment. He was
clearing the way for the
Seventh Root Race.