By Dr. R. W. Bernard,
B.A., M.A., Ph.D.
Before Columbus discovered America, belief in the existence of a New
World across the Atlantic, in the form of a western continent, was
considered as the dream of a madman.
Equally strange, in our own time, is the belief in the existence of a
New World, a Subterranean World, in the hollow
interior of the Earth, and which is as unknown to present humanity
as the American continent was to Europeans prior to its discovery by
Columbus. Yet there is no reason why it, too, may not be discovered
and its existence established as a fact.
Arnoldo de Azevedo, in his "Physical Geography," wrote
as follows about the mysterious world below our feet, concerning
which scientists know nothing beyond a few miles in profundity,
entertaining only theories, hypotheses and conjectures to hide their
"We have below, our feet
an immense region whose radius is 6,290 kilometers, which is
completely unknown, challenging the conceit and competence of
This statement is absolutely true.
Scientists to date have penetrated only a few miles inside the
earth, and what lies further down they know nothing about, depending
only on conjectures, guesses and suppositions. Many of the commonly
accepted theories and beliefs about the Earth's interior do not rest
on any scientific basis, and seem to originate in the old
ecclesiastical idea of hellfire in the center of the Earth,
which is so much like the belief of scientists that the core of the
Earth is a mass of fire and molten metal. Yet the scientific belief
rests on no more positive evidence than the religious one. Both are
merely suppositions without an iota of proof.
The belief in the Earth having a fiery center probably arose from the
fact that the deeper one penetrates into the Earth, the warmer it
gets. But it is a far-fetched assumption to suppose that this
increase of temperature continues until the center of the Earth.
There is no evidence to support this view. It is more probable that
the increase of temperature continues only until we reach the level
where volcanic lava and earthquakes originate, probably due to the
existence of much radioactive substances there. But after we pass
through this layer of maximum heat, there is no reason why it should
not get cooler and cooler as we get nearer and nearer to the Earth's
The total surface of the Earth is 197 million square miles and its
estimated weight is six sextillion tons. If the Earth was a solid
sphere, its weight would be much greater. This is one
among other scientific evidences of the fact that the Earth has a
The author believes that the truest conception of the structure of the
Earth is based on the idea that when it was in a molten state during
its formation, centrifugal force caused the heavier substances to be
thrown outward, toward its periphery, in the form of rocks and
metals, to form its outer crust, leaving its interior hollow, with
openings at the poles, where centrifugal force was less and where
there was less tendency to throw materials outward, which was
greater at the equator, causing the bulging of the earth in this
region. It has been estimated that as a result of the Earth's
rotation on its axis during its formative state, polar depressions
and openings thus formed would measure about 1,400 miles in
Also, we shall present below evidence to indicate
that some of the original fire and incandescent materials remained
in the center of the Earth to form a central sun, much smaller, of
course, than our sun, but capable of emitting light and supporting
plant growth. We shall also see that the Aurora Borealis or
streaming lights that illuminate the Arctic sky at night come from
this central sun whose rays shine through the polar opening.
Thus, if the Earth was originally a ball of fire and molten metal,
some of this fire remained in its center, while centrifugal force as
a result of its rotation on its axis caused its solid matter to be
thrown toward the surface, forming a solid crust and leaving its
interior hollow, with a fiery ball in its center, forming the
central sun, which provides illumination for plant, animal and human
The first one to present the theory of the earth being hollow with
openings at its poles was an American thinker, William Reed,
author of the book, "Phantom of the Poles," published in
1906. This book provides the first compilation of scientific
evidence, based on the reports of Arctic explorers, in support of
the theory that the Earth is hollow with openings at its poles. Reed
estimates that the crust of the Earth has a thickness of 800 miles,
while its hollow interior has a diameter of 6,400 miles. Reed
summarizes his revolutionary theory as follows:
"The earth is hollow.
The Poles, so long sought, are phantoms. There are openings at the
northern and southern extremities. In the interior are vast
continents, oceans, mountains and rivers. Vegetable and animal life
are evident in this New World, and it is probably peopled by races
unknown to dwellers on the Earth's surface."
Reed pointed out that the Earth is
not a true sphere, but is flattened at the Poles, or rather it
begins to flatten out as one approaches the hypothetical North and
South Pole, which really do not exist because the openings to its
hollow interior occur there. Hence the Poles are really in midair,
in the center of the polar openings and are not on its surface as
would-be discoverers of the Poles suppose.
Reed claims that the Poles cannot be discovered because the Earth is
hollow at its Pole points, which exist in midair, due to the
existence there of polar openings leading to its interior. When
explorers thought they reached the Pole, they were misled by the
eccentric behavior of the compass in high latitudes, north and
claims that this happened in the case of Peary and Cook,
neither of whom really reached the North Pole.
Starting at 70 to 75 degrees north and south latitude the Earth starts
to curve IN. The Pole is simply the outer rim of a magnetic circle
around the polar opening. The North Magnetic Pole, once thought to
be a point in the Arctic Archipelago, has been lately shown by
Soviet Arctic explorers to be a line approximately 1000 miles
long. However, as we stated above, instead of being a straight
line it is really a circular line constituting the rim of the polar
opening. When an explorer reaches this rim, he has reached the
North Magnetic Pole; and though the compass will always
point to it after one passes it, it is really not the North Pole
even if one is deluded into thinking it is, or that he discovered
the Pole due to having been misled by his compass. When one reaches
this magnetic circle (the rim of the polar opening), the magnetic
needle of the compass points straight down. This has been
observed by many Arctic explorers who, after reaching high
latitudes, near to 90 degrees, were dumbfounded by the inexplicable
action of the compass and its tendency to point vertically
upward. They were then inside the polar opening and the
compass pointed to the Earth's North Magnetic Pole which was along
the rim of this opening.
As the Earth turns on its axis, the motion is gyroscopic, like the
spinning of a top. The outer gyroscopic pole is the magnetic circle
of the rim of the polar opening. Beyond the rim the Earth flattens
and slopes gradually toward its hollow interior. The true Pole is
the exact center of the opening at the Poles, which, consequently,
do not really exist, and those who claimed to have discovered them
did not tell the truth, even if they thought they did, having been
misled by the irregular action of the compass at high latitudes. For
this reason, neither Cook nor Peary nor any other
explorer ever reached the North or South Poles, and never will.
A very interesting article on the above subject appeared in the March
1962 issue of "Flying Saucers" magazine, written by its
Ray Palmer, who believes that flying saucers come from the
hollow interior of the Earth through its polar openings. The article
is entitled, "THE NORTH POLE - RUSSIAN STYLE. " It describes
remarkable discoveries made by Russian Arctic explorers,
which confirm the theory of a hollow earth and polar openings, as do
the observations of Arctic explorers to which we shall refer below.
The article bears the following subtitle:
"More Evidence of
Mystery Lands at the Poles - Two Hundred Years of Exploration Have
Given the Russians a New Concept of the Pole and Render all Previous
Geographies Obsolete - Here are Indisputable Geophysical
We shall now quote from this article:
"Many readers will remember the articles
we have published giving our theories that there is something
mysterious about each polar area of the Earth. We have suggested
that there is much more "area" at both poles than it is possible to
show on a globe map. We have pointed out Admiral Byrd's strange
flights `beyond' the poles. We have mentioned the case of missing
mountains and different branches of the military discounting the
mapping ability of the other. We have even suggested that the Earth
is hollow, and that giant 2,100 mile openings exist at the poles,
and there is much evidence of the existence of these openings. We
have pointed out that there is a great deal of secrecy and
double-talk about the Arctic and Antarctic areas. We have even
suggested that the flying saucers might come from this mystery area,
or from inside the Earth.
"One of the things we have been most insistent about is that no one
has yet been to the North Pole, all claims to having done so being
false, because the Pole is not a "point", and cannot
be "reached" in the accepted sense of the word.
"We have successfully challenged those military and civilian pilots
who have claimed that they fly `daily' over the North Pole. In the
case of the military flyer we have pointed out the maneuver which is
standard, which automatically makes it impossible for him to fly
`beyond' the Pole by flying straight across it. (That is, across the
polar opening, instead of going into it - Author.) Because of
navigating difficulties stemming from compasses of all kinds"
"A "lost" flier (whose compass doesn't work as it should) regains
his bearings by making a turn in any direction, until his compasses
again resume function. In the case of commercial airlines, whose
advertising boast is that they fly twice daily over the Pole, they
are simply stretching the truth by 2,300 miles. (They simply
cross over the magnetic rim of the polar opening, where the
compass registers the highest degree north, but do not actually
reach the North Pole, which is the central point of the polar
opening inside this rim - Author.)
"We have available, in the form of records of several hundred
years, in Russian archives, a history of Arctic exploration
which proves our most important point beyond further question: i.e.,
that the North Magnetic Pole is not a point, but (deduce the
Russians) a "line" approximately 1000 miles long. Before we go
further, we might suggest that we think they are wrong in this
deduction, and that instead of being a line, it is actually a
circle. Because of lack of space to place it on the globe, the
Russians have been forced to compress their observations into a two
dimensional area. They had to squeeze the circle from two sides and
make a line out of it. We'd like to give you now a resume of that
single point of Russian exploration, which actually covers much more
than just geomagnetism.
"Here is what the Russians say: Navigators in the high latitudes
have always been troubled by the odd behavior of their magnetic
compasses caused by apparent irregularities and asymmetries in the
magnetic field of the Earth. Early magnetic maps have been drawn on
this assumption, based on hopeful guesses, that the North Magnetic
Pole is virtually a point. Accordingly, it was expected that the
compass needle, which dips more steeply as it approaches the
Magnetic Pole, would point straight down, or very nearly so, at the
Magnetic Pole itself. But data from many Russian and other
expeditions showed that the compass needle points straight down, or
nearly so, at the Magnetic Pole itself. But data from many Russian
and other expeditions showed that the compass needle points
straight down for a very long distance across the Arctic
Ocean, from a point northwest of the Taimyr Peninsula
to another point in the Arctic Archipelago. This
discovery first inspired the hypothesis that there is a second North
Magnetic Pole, tentatively located at 86 degrees East longitude.
More refined observation has disposed of this idea. The map of the
magnetic field now shows the magnetic meridians running close
together in a thick bunch of lines from the North Magnetic Pole in
the Arctic Archipelago to Siberia.
"The North Magnetic Pole, once thought to be virtually
a point in the Arctic Archipelago, has been shown by recent
investigations to extend across the polar basin to the
Taimyr Penninsula in Siberia.
"The 'Pole', magnetically speaking, is a very extended area that
crosses the Polar Basin from one continent to the other. It is at
least 1,000 miles long, and more likely can be said to exist as a
rather diffused line for 1,000 miles more. (It is really not a point
in the far north, but is the rim of the polar opening, since after
Admiral Byrd passed it and entered the polar opening leading
to the Earth's interior, he left the Arctic ice and snow behind and
entered a warmer territory - Author. ) Thus when Admiral
Peary (and any other Arctic explorer who used a magnetic
compass) claims to have "reached" the Pole, he is making a very
vague claim indeed. He can only say that he reached a point, which
can be anywhere in a demonstrable 2,000 mile area (the magnetic rim
of the polar opening), where his compass pointed straight down. A
noteworthy achievement, but not a 'discovery of the Pole.'
"Since other types of compass, such as the gyroscopic and the
inertial guidance, have equally vague limitations, we make bold to
say that nobody ever reached the Pole, and more, there is not a
'Pole' to reach.
"Next, having found themselves stumped to account for the strange
behavior of the compass in the Polar Basin, the theorists have
turned to space and the upper atmosphere and even to the sun for an
explanation of what is happening to their instruments. Now the Pole
has become 'the interaction of the magnetic field with charged
particles from the sun'.
"More significant are the unfavorable references to former
cartographers whose maps are now 'thick clouds congealed in the
imagination of cartographers as land masses'. The Navy, as an
example, feels a bit put out when the Army says their missing South
Pole mountains were never there, because the Army cannot find them
by their own confused reckoning based on a magnetic pole which
'isn't there at all'. We find now that new land areas are
'discovered' and old maps tossed out because the lands they show are
not there any more. (This confusion is due to the irregular action
of the compass in the far north due to the fact that the North
Magnetic Pole is not a point as former cartographers supposed, but a
circle around the rim of the polar opening - Author.)
"This brings us to the subject of `mystery lands' of great extent in
the polar areas, which cannot possibly be placed on our globe
without overlapping seriously in impossible ways...Could it be here
where the flying saucers originate?"
It is well known that the North and
South Magnetic Poles do not coincide with the geographical poles,
as they should were the Earth a solid sphere, convex at its poles.
The reason why the magnetic and geographical poles don't coincide is
because, while the magnetic pole lies along the rim of the polar
opening, the geographical pole lies in its center, in midair and not
on solid land. As we shall see below, the true magnetic pole is not
on the external rim of the polar opening but the center of the
Earth's crust, which should be about 400 miles below the surface,
and running around the polar opening. For this reason the needle of
the compass still continues to point vertically downward after one
passes the rim of the polar opening and penetrates into it. Only
after passing its center would the needle of the compass start
pointing upward instead of downward, but in either case, after
reaching the rim of the polar opening, the compass no longer
functions horizontally, as previously, but vertically. This has
been observed by all Arctic explorers who reached high
latitudes and puzzled them.
The only explanation is provided on the conception of a hollow earth
and polar openings, with the magnetic pole and center of gravity in
the middle of the Earth's crust, and not in its geometrical center.
As a result, ocean water on the inside of the crust adheres to its
inner surface just as it does on the outside. We may calculate the
Earth's magnetic pole and center of gravity as a circular line
around the polar opening, but in its middle, about 400 miles from
the Earth's surface.
In support of the above conception regarding the magnetic pole being
situated in the rim of the polar opening, Palmer refers to the
following facts: Between each magnetic pole around the Earth pass
magnetic meridians. In contrast with geographical meridians, which
measure longitude, the magnetic meridians move from east to west and
back again. The difference between the geographical meridians, or
true north and south, and the direction in which a magnetic compass
points, or the magnetic meridian of the place, is called the
declination. The first observation made was in London in
1580 and showed an easterly declination of 11 degrees. In 1815 the
declination reached 24. 3 degrees westerly maximum. This makes a
difference of 35. 3 degrees change in 235 years, which is
equal to 2,118 miles. Now if we make a circle around the Pole, with
a radius of 1,059 miles, so that it is 2,118 miles in diameter, this
would represent the rim of the polar opening along which, in this
case, the North Magnetic Pole traveled from one point to its
diametrically opposite point on the circle, 2,118 miles away, in 235
This is the reason why the magnetic
pole and the geographical pole do not coincide. The geographical
pole is an extension of the Earth's axis and since this runs
through the center of the polar opening, it exists in empty
space - hence can never be "discovered" by any explorer, since
it is not on solid land.
According to Marshall Gardner,
the rim of the polar opening, which is the true magnetic pole,
is a large circle 1,400 miles in diameter. It is so large that
when explorers pass it, as many did, the slope is so gradual
that they never know they are entering the interior of the
Earth, but imagine they are on the surface. The magnetic pole
can therefore be any point on the circle of the magnetic rim of
the polar opening. On this point, Palmer says:
"click" to enlarge
"The focal point, or the
actual 'pinpoint' of the magnetic pole exists on only one portion of
the circumference of that circle at a time, and moves progressively
around the circle in a definite `orbit' that takes some 235 years.
This would make the magnetic pole travel approximately 18 miles per
"Military and civilian flights 'over the Pole' can be made daily
without producing the slightest evidence of the vast hole in the
Earth, whose perimeter they circumscribe, no matter what they ASSUME
in their navigational procedure, due to the original error in
assumption that what they are passing over is a POINT and not a vast
CIRCUMFERENCE which they touch at only one place, and then
immediately deviate away from its natural curve because they are
traveling in a straight line."
If the Earth was a solid sphere, with two
poles at the end of its axis, being a magnet, its magnetic poles
would coincide with its geographical poles. The fact that they do
not is inexplicable on the basis of the theory that it is a solid
sphere. The explanation becomes clear when we assume the existence
of polar openings, with magnetic poles along the circular rim of
these openings, rather than at a fixed point.
Palmer quotes a significant statement by Russian Arctic
explorers who say:
research have shown that an enormous area of the Earth's surface and
correspondingly 'large realms of the unknown' may be brought within
the compass of human understanding in a very few years."
This statement by the Russians sounds
remarkably similar to Admiral Byrd's statements about the
trans-Arctic region being "the center of the Great Unknown."
Could it be that the Russians know about Admiral Byrd's
discovery of "a vast new territory" beyond the Pole? Palmer
comments on this Russian statement as follows:
"This is truly a stupendous sentence.
Contemplate what it actually says. It says that not only
exploration, but also `research' have shown that enormous regions of
the Earth's surface AND correspondingly (this word is significant)
large realms of the UNKNOWN may be brought within the compass of
UNDERSTANDING of human beings in a very few years. In plain words,
in addition to areas we can understand and investigate by
exploration, there are large realms which have to be brought to
human understanding by means of research.
"Yes, large UNKNOWN and even BEYOND PRESENT UNDERSTANDABILITY areas
do exist, and it `MAY BE' that we will discover and comprehend them
in a very few years. In plain words, in addition to areas we can
understand and investigate by exploration, there are large realms
which have to be brought to human understanding by means of
"In the next few sentences (of the Russians) we find that there is
much 'prospect for development' in a Polar Basin which, by present
concepts, is nothing but frozen ocean. What is it that is such a
great prospect for development? Ice cubes for our tea? No, there
must be very much more interesting possibilities, the kind of
possibilities that entail large land masses of an unknown area yet
to be explored and developed."
Palmer quotes the Russians
"As recently as 30 years ago more than
half the total area of the Polar Basin was unexplored, and 16 per
cent was still terra incognita only 15 years ago. Today,
disappointing as this may be to young geographers, the area of blank
spots on the map of the Polar Basin has shrunk to almost nothing. At
the same time, to the regret of the older explorers and the
understandable pleasure of the younger ones, there are still
blank spots elsewhere in the Arctic. The ocean, the air and
the ionosphere still hold many mysteries."
Palmer comments on this Russian
"We learn that the blank spots
on the map of the Polar Basin have shrunk to almost nothing. In the
next breath we find that there are still blank spots ELSEWHERE in
the Arctic. Where else? The ocean, the air and the ionosphere,
they say, still hold many mysteries. Particularly the ocean, in the
UNKNOWN extent of which exist vast land masses so far not only
beyond our ability to place on our maps, but beyond our ability to
"We might say all this is double talk. We might also
say secrets are being kept. But we won't The fact is that neither is
true. It is STRAIGHT talk, the only kind of talk we can expect from
anyone who is trying to tell something, but cannot because it is, as
yet, beyond his understanding. To say definitely that there are
large land masses inside an area commonly called a 'point'
is to be faced with a challenge to demonstrate and prove. Since this
cannot be done, the speaker is left rather helpless to do more than
hint vaguely at mysteries.
"It is up to the opponents of the 'Mystery Land at the Pole'
theory to disprove it, or prove their own - and their own has been
irrevocably demolished by the scientists and explorers of the two
greatest nations on earth. What we have presented is not a theory -
but the cumulative result of hundreds of years of exploration,
culminated by the geophysical year  which established the
information we have given you as the `new concept of geomagnetism in
the Polar Basin.'
"The mystery is at last coming to the fore, and the scoffers are at
last silenced. Let us all work together to dig out the truth about
this mystery that is so engrossing, and so important to mankind.
What is it that exists at both Poles of the earth, which opens to us
new frontiers so vast in extent and nature as to be beyond present
understanding? It may well be that exploration of space is far less
important than the exploration of our own mysterious planet, which
has now suddenly become a 'vast realm' far larger than we ever
dreamed it to be."
The theory of a hollow earth with openings
at the poles was originated by William Reed in 1906, when he
first presented it in his book, "Phantom of the Poles."
Fourteen years later, in 1920, another American writer, Marshall
B. Gardner, published a book entitled "A Journey to the
Earth's Interior or Have The Poles Really Been Discovered?"
Apparently he knew nothing about Reed's book, since he did
not mention it in his bibliography, which was quite extensive and
included most of the important books on Arctic exploration, which he
quoted in support of this theory of a hollow earth.
Gardner, in his book, presents the same conception o! the
Earth's structure as Reed did, claiming that it is hollow,
with openings at its Poles, but he differs from Reed in that he
believes in the existence of a central sun which is the source of
the aurora borealis. In the diagrams of his book, Gardner
depicts the Earth as having circular openings at its poles; and the
ocean water, which flows through these openings, adheres to the
solid crust, both above and below, since the center of gravity of
the Earth, according to his theory, resides in the middle of this
solid portion and not in its hollow interior. For this reason, if a
ship travels through the polar opening and reaches the Earth's
interior, it would continue to sail in a reversed position on the
inside of the crust, just as, at night, we are below the Earth's
surface held to it by gravity.
Gardner's book, which is now out of print and very rare,
seeming to have met the fate of other writings on this subject by
being lost and forgotten and its message unknown to the world at
present, has many interesting diagrams, some of which we are
reproducing. We quote his description of these diagrams:
"Showing the Earth
bisected centrally through the polar openings and at right
angles to the Equator, giving a clear view of the central
sun and interior continents and oceans. (Reproduced from a
working model, made by the author in 1912.)
"The Earth as it would appear
if viewed from space, showing the north polar opening to the
Earth's interior, which is hollow and contains a central sun
instead of an ocean of liquid lava."
"Diagram showing the Earth as a hollow sphere with its polar
openings and central sun. The letters at the top and bottom
of the diagram indicate the various steps of an imaginary
journey through the planet's interior.
At the point marked `D' we catch our
first glimpse of the corona of the central sun. At the point marked
'E' we can see the central sun in its entirety."
Gravitational pull is strongest around the
curve from the exterior to the interior of the Earth. A 150 pound
man would probably weigh 300 pounds while sailing through the polar
opening and around the curve from the outside to the inside of the
Earth. When he reached the inside he would weigh only 75 pounds.
This is because less force is needed to hold a body to the inside of
a hollow ball in rotation than to hold it to the outside, due to
William Reed says that gravitational pull is strongest about
half way around the curve leading to the interior of the Earth,
where is the center of gravity, being so strong there that the salt
water and fresh water of icebergs (which, as we shall see below,
come from the Earth's interior) do not mix. The salt water remains a
few feet below the fresh water. This enables one to obtain fresh
drinking water from the Arctic Ocean. But how can fresh water
be found in the extreme north, where there is only salty ocean
water, and how can icebergs be formed of fresh water, not salt
water? The only explanation, as both Reed and
Gardner point out, and as we shall see below, is that this fresh
water comes from rivers that arose in the Earth's warmer interior,
which, after they reach the colder surface, suddenly freeze and turn
into icebergs, which break off and fall into the sea, producing the
strange tidal waves
that Arctic explorers have observed in the far north, and which
Both Reed and Gardner claim that the temperature in the
inside of the Earth is much more uniform than on the outside, being
warmer in winter and cooler in summer. There is adequate rainfall,
more than on the surface, but it is never cold enough to snow. It is
an ideal subtropical climate, which is free from the oppressive heat
of the tropics, as well as from the cold weather of the temperate
zone. They also claim that the north polar opening is larger than
the south. They say that there exists a Land of Paradise
on the other side of the Mammoth Ice Barrier, which must be passed
before one reaches a warmer climate in the land that lies beyond the
Pole, over which Admiral Byrd flew.
Around the curve at the polar opening is another ring of ice, called
the Great Massive Fresh Water Ice Pack or Ice Barrier.
Here is where icebergs originate. Each winter, this ring of ice
is formed from fresh water which flows out from the inside of the
Earth. During the winter months, billions of tons of free-flowing
fresh water, coming from rivers inside the Earth and flowing toward
the outside through the polar openings, freeze at their mouth and
form mountains of fresh water ice, whose presence in this region
would be inexplicable if the Earth was a solid sphere. In summer
time, huge icebergs, miles long, break off and float to the outside
of the Earth. They are composed of fresh water, when
there could exist only salt water at the poles. Since this is the
case and since all water on the outside of the Earth in these
regions is salty, the fresh water of which these icebergs are
composed must come from its interior.
Inside the icebergs, the mammoth and other huge tropical animals,
believed to be of prehistoric origin because never seen on the
Earth's surface, have been found in a perfect state of preservation.
Some of them have been found to have green vegetation in their
mouths and stomachs at the time they were suddenly frozen. The usual
explanation is that these are prehistoric animals which lived in the
Arctic region at the time when it had a tropical climate, and that
the coming of the Ice Age, suddenly converted the Arctic from a
tropical to a frigid zone and froze them before they had time to
flee southward. The great ivory deposits from elephants, found in
Siberia and islands of the north, are also explained in this way.
Gardner, however, holds to an entirely different theory, which
was supported by the observations of Admiral Byrd of a huge
mammoth-like creature in the "land beyond the Pole," which he
Gardner claims that mammoths are really animals now inhabiting
the interior of the Earth, which have been carried to the surface by
rivers and frozen inside of the ice that formed when the rivers
reached the surface, forming glaciers and icebergs.
In Siberia, along the Lena River, there
lie exposed on the soil and buried within it, the bones and tusks of
millions of mammoths and mastodons. The consensus of scientific
opinion is that they are prehistoric remains, and that the mammoth
existed some 20,000 years ago, but was wiped out in the unknown
catastrophe we now call the last Ice Age.
It was Schumachoff, a fisherman living in Tongoose, Siberia,
who, in 1799, first discovered a complete mammoth frozen in a clear
block of ice. Hacking it free, he removed its huge tusks and left
the carcass of fresh meat to be devoured by wolves. Later an
expedition was sent to examine it, and today its skeleton may be
seen in the Museum of Natural History in Leningrad.
Polar explorers not only mention fauna (animals) but flora
(vegetation) in the extreme north. Also many animals, like the
musk-ox, strangely migrate northward in winter, which it would do
only if it reached a warmer land there. Repeatedly, Arctic explorers
have observed bears heading northward into an area where there
cannot be food for them if there was no polar opening into a warmer
region. Foxes also were found north of the 80th parallel heading
north, obviously well fed. Without exception, Arctic explorers agree
that, strangely, the further north one goes, after a certain
latitude, the warmer it gets.
Invariably, a north wind brings warmer weather. Coniferous trees
were found drifting ashore, coming from the far north.
Butterflies and bees were found in the far north, and even
mosquitoes, but they are not found hundreds of miles to the south
and not until Canadian and Alaskan climate areas conducive to such
insect life are reached.
Unknown varieties of flowers were also found in the extreme north.
Birds resembling snipe, but unlike any known species of bird,
were seen to come from the north, and to return there. Hare are
plentiful in a far northern area where no vegetation grows but where
vegetable matter is found in drifting debris from the more northern
Eskimo tribes have left unmistakable traces of their migration by
their temporary camps, always advancing northward Southern Eskimos
speak of tribes that live in the far north. They hold the belief
that their ancestors came from a land of paradise in the extreme
In New Zealand and lower South America
are found identical fauna and flora which could not have migrated
from one of these places to the other. The only explanation is that
they came from a common motherland - the Antarctic continent. Yet
how could they come from there if it is a frozen waste where only
penguins seem able to survive? "Only Admiral Byrd's 'mystery
land' can account for these inexplicable facts and migrations,"
Many Arctic explorers, after passing the ring of ice around the curve
leading to the Earth's interior, continued straight north until they
crossed this ice barrier. Many entered the opening leading to the
interior but did not know it and thought they were still on the
outer surface. The reason for this is that the opening is so large
that one cannot know the difference except that the sun rises later
and sets sooner, its rays being cut off by the rim of the polar
opening after one enters it. This has been observed by all Arctic
who went sufficiently north. The polar opening is believed by
Gardner to be 1,400 miles in diameter.
Once they were inside the Earth, explorers entered a New World
where they found things opposite to what they expected. The needle of
the compass pointed vertically instead of horizontally as it did
before, due to the fact that the true magnetic pole is located in
the middle of the curve leading from the outside to the inside of
the earth. The further north they went, the warmer it became. The
ice of Arctic regions further south disappeared and was replaced by
open sea (Admiral Byrd found a total absence of ice and snow
in the "land beyond the Pole" over which he passed for 1,700 miles.)
As explorers sailed further north, the north winds became warmer and
warmer. The weather was mild and pleasant. Often the dust, carried
by the wind, was unbearable. Some explorers, like Nansen, had
to turn back due to the dust. Where could this dust
come from in the extreme north, a land of ice and ocean? Reed
Gardner explain the origin of this dust, often noticed by
Arctic explorers, to volcanoes inside the polar opening leading
to the interior of the Earth. It would be impossible to expect
volcanoes in the Arctic, except if they were inside the polar
On August 3, 1894, Dr. Fritjof-Nansen, an Arctic explorer, in
the far north, was surprised at the warm weather there
and the fox tracks he found. He was probably inside the polar
opening then. His compass utterly failed to work, so that he did not
know where he was. The further into the opening he went, the warmer
it became. If he went still further he would have seen tropical
birds, as other explorers did, as well as other animals not seen on
the Earth's surface, as the mammoth that Admiral Byrd
observed when he looked down from his plane, during his 1,700 mile
flight over this mysterious ice-free Arctic area.
Ray Palmer writes:
"The musk-ox, contrary to expectations,
migrates north in the wintertime. Repeatedly, Arctic explorers have
observed bears heading north into an area where there cannot be food
for them. Foxes also are found north of the 80th parallel, heading
north, obviously well fed. Without exception, Arctic explorers agree
that the further north one goes, the warmer it gets.
Invariably a north wind brings warmer weather. Coniferous trees
drift ashore from out of the north. Butterflies and bees are found
in the far north, but never hundreds of miles further south; not
until Canadian and Alaskan climate areas conducive to such insect
life are reached.
"Unknown varieties of flowers are found. Birds resembling snipe, but
unlike any known species of bird, come out of the north, and return
there. Hare are plentiful in an area where no vegetation ever grows,
but where vegetation appears as drifting debris from the northern
open water. Eskimo tribes, migrating northward, have left
unmistakable traces of their migration in their temporary camps,
always advancing northward. Southern Eskimos themselves speak of
tribes that live in the far north. The Ross gull, common at Point
Barrow, migrates in October toward the North. Only Admiral Byrd's
'mystery land' can account for these inexplicable facts and
The Scandinavian legend of a land of
paradise in the far north, known as "Ultima Thule,"
commonly confused with Greenland, is significant because, centuries
before Admiral Byrd's flight, the existence of such an
ice-free land in the northern limits of the Earth was anticipated.
"The Scandinavian legend of a wonderful
land far to the north called "Ultima Thule" (commonly
confused with Greenland) is significant when studied in detail,
because of its remarkable resemblance to the kind of land seen by
Byrd, and its remarkable far north location. To assume that
Ultima Thule is Greenland is to come face to lace with the
contradiction of the Greenland Ice Cap, which fills the entire
Greenland basin to the depth of 10,000 feet. Is Admiral Byrd's
land of mystery, the center of the great unknown, the same as the
Ultima Thule of the Scandinavian legends?
"There are mysteries concerning the Antarctic also. Perhaps the
greatest is the highly technical one of biology itself; for on the
New Zealand and South American land masses are identical fauna and
flora which could not have migrated from one to the other, but
rather are believed to have come from a common motherland. That
motherland is believed to be the Antarctic Continent. But on a more
popular level is the case of the sailing vessel 'Gladys', captained
by F. B. Hatfield in 1893. The ship was completely surrounded
by icebergs at 43 degrees south and 33 degrees west. At this
latitude an iceberg was observed which bore a large quantity of sand
and earth, and which revealed a beaten track, a place of refuge
formed in a sheltered nook, and the bodies of five dead men who lay
on different parts of the iceberg. Bad weather prevented any
attempts at further investigation.
"An unanimous consensus of opinion among scientists is that one
thing peculiar to the Antarctic is that there are no human tribes
living upon it. Also investigation showed that no vessel was lost in
the Antarctic at the time, so that these men could not be
shipwrecked sailors. Could it be that these men who died on the berg
came from `that mysterious land beyond the South Pole' discovered by
the Byrd expedition? Had they ventured out of their
warm, habitable land and lost their way along the ice shelf, finally
to be drifted to their deaths at sea on a portion o! it, broken away
to become an iceberg while they were on it?"
Another American writer on the subject of
the Earth being hollow, named Theodore Fitch, referring to
the ice barriers that must be crossed before one can enter the polar
openings leading to the Earth's interior, asks:
"Why can't we fly over
these huge ice barriers or make roads and travel overland over them
to the inside of the Earth?"
He sees no reason why this cannot be done,
even though he, like most other Americans, was in total ignorance of
the fact that Admiral Byrd flew over these ice barriers some
years before, and had entered this new territory. Fitch
believes that once these facts are made public, every large
nation would try to establish a foothold in this New World, whose
land area is greater than that on the Earth's surface and which is
free from radioactive fallout to poison its soil and foods.
This New World could more easily be reached than the moon and is of
much more importance to us, since it provides ideal conditions for
human life, with a better climate than exists on the surface.
calls it a Land of Paradise, and believes it is the true geographical
location of Paradise, a wonderful land referred to in the religious
writings of all peoples.
It seems that the Russians are now doing what Fitch
suggested by sending fleets of icebreakers, some atomic-powered, to
explore the far north The next step will be for the Russians to
Admiral Byrd's flight through the polar opening to the "land
beyond the Pole."
Fitch's book is entitled "Our Paradise Inside the Earth."
He based it on the works of Reed and Gardner. He
mentioned that during the last century a sea captain, who traveled
due north, curved inward into the interior of the Earth, though he
thought he was heading toward the North Pole.
"Both William Reed and
Marshall Gardner declare that there must be a land of paradise
on the other side of the mammoth ice barrier. Both men are of the
opinion that a race of little brown people live in the interior of
the Earth. It is possible that the Eskimos descended from these
"Most explorers have sailed straight north until they went around
the 800 mile curve at the polar opening. Not one of them knew they
were on the inside of the Earth. These explorers found things
exactly opposite from what they expected. As they sailed north, the
north winds became warmer and warmer. Except for strong dusty warm
winds once in a while, the weather was mild and pleasant. Except for
icebergs from the interior, the sea was open and sailing good (Reed
and Gardner explain this strange dust found in the very far
north and which darkens the snow on which it falls, as we have
pointed out above, as coming from active volcanoes inside the polar
opening. This seems to be the only possible explanation - Author.)
"They saw countless square miles of good land. The further north
they went, the more grass, flowers, bushes, trees and other green
vegetation they saw. One explorer wrote that his men gathered eight
different kinds of flowers. They also reported that they saw sloping
hills covered with green vegetation. (These observations were
confirmed by Admiral Byrd, who, during his 1,700 mile flight
over this iceless territory, saw trees, vegetation, mountains, lakes
and animal life. - Author.)
"Another writer said he saw all kinds of warm weather animals and
millions of tropical birds. They were so thick that a blind man
could bring down one or more birds with one shot. The lovely scenery
of both sky and land was more magnificent than anything ever seen on
the exterior of the Earth. Each explorer wrote about the majesty of
the aurora borealis or Northern Lights. It is claimed that the
Northern Lights really result from the light of the central sun
inside the Earth shining through the opening at the North Pole. "
Fitch points out that the hollow
interior of the earth has a land area larger than the outer surface
because while 75 per cent of the earth's surface is covered with
water, leaving only 55 million square miles of land surface, the
total surface of the earth is 197 million square miles. Fitch
claims that there are no oceans in the interior comparable in size
with those on the surface, and that there is three times as much
land inside the earth as on the outside, so that in spite of the
smaller circumference and less total area of the interior, its land
area is greater.
Fitch says that it has a better and healthier climate than we
have on the surface, without cold winters, hurricanes, earthquakes,
electric storms, cyclones, radioactive fallout, nefarious cosmic
rays, radioactive solar radiations, soil erosion from excessive
rainfall and other disadvantages. It has an ideal subtropical
Another American writer who was much influenced by the theories of
Reed and Gardner is William L. Blessing who
published a booklet on the subject in which he reproduced their
diagrams of the Earth's structure. Blessing wrote:
"The Earth is not a true sphere. It is
flat at the poles, or, I should say, it begins to flatten out at the
poles. The pole is simply the outer rim of a magnetic circle, and at
this point the magnetic needle of the compass points down. As the
earth turns on its axis, the motion is gyroscopic. The outer
gyroscopic pole is the magnetic rim of a circle. Beyond the rim the
Earth flattens and slopes gradually like a canyon into the interior.
The true pole in the exact center of the cone is perpendicular, for
this point is the exact center of the opening or hollow into the
"The old idea that the Earth was once a solid or molten mass and
that at the center is composed of molten iron must be discarded.
Since the shell of the Earth is about 800 miles thick, that would
mean that the molten iron core would be more than 7,OOO miles in
diameter and 21,000 miles in circumference. Impossible.
"Likewise, the old idea that the deeper into the Earth the hotter it
becomes must also be discarded. It is radium and radioactivity that
produce the heat in the earth. All surface rocks contain minute
particles of radium."
One of the most puzzling facts of Arctic
exploration is that while the area is oceanic, covered with water,
which is variously frozen over or partially open, depending on the
time of the year, many explorers remarked, however, paradoxically,
that the open water exists in greater measure at the points nearest
to the Pole, while further south there is more ice. In fact, some
explorers found it very hot going at times, and were forced to shed
their Arctic clothing. There is even one record of an encounter with
naked Eskimos. In fact, the origin of the Eskimo race is believed to
be in the extreme north, from where they migrated southward to their
present habitat. Their original more northern home was probably
warmer than their present more southern one.
It is strange that Reed's and Gardner's books, which
presented such an epoch-making geographical theory, which they
supported by the evidence of Arctic exploration during the past
century - a theory comparable in importance to the theory that the
Earth is round, when it was first proposed - should have been so
disregarded (or were they suppressed?), so that today they
are unavailable and very rare. (It was the author's good fortune to
secure a copy of Gardner's book from a bookdealer handling
rare books.) Is it possible that these books shared the fate of the
news about Admiral Byrd's discoveries, Giannini's book
Palmer's magazine announcing Byrd's confirmation of Reed's and
Gardner's theory of a hollow Earth with openings at
the poles ? (A correspondent of the author's, living in Washington,
D.C., wrote that he happened to look through the books in the
library of a high official of the Air Force, with whom he had
business, and, much to his surprise, he saw a copy of Gardner's
Evidently Gardner's theory of a hollow Earth is not unknown to
government and military leaders in view of Admiral Byrd
having confirmed it; but it is hushed up and not openly discussed.
Fitch asks those who do not believe that the Earth is hollow,
with openings at its poles, to answer the following questions:
"Can you produce proof
that any explorer reached the so-called North or South Pole ?
"If there is no such thing as 83 to 90 degrees latitude ON the
Earth, then how can one reach or fly over the North Pole?
"If the Earth is not hollow, then why does the north wind in the
Arctic get warmer as one sails north beyond 70 degrees latitude?
"Why are there warm northerly winds and an open sea for hundreds of
miles north of 82 degrees latitude ?
"After 82 degrees latitude is reached, why is the needle of a
compass always agitated, restless and balky?
"If the Earth is not hollow, then why do the warm northerly winds
mentioned above carry more dust than any wind on earth?
"If no rivers are flowing from the inside to the outside, then why
are all ice-bergs composed of fresh water?
"Why does one find tropical seeds, plants and trees floating in the
fresh water of these icebergs?
"If not all the fresh water icebergs positively do not come from any
place ON earth, as would be impossible unless we assume the
existence of rivers flowing from the inside to the outside, then
where do they come from?
"If the inside of the Earth is not warm, why do millions of tropical
birds and animals go further north in the winter time?
"Why does the wind from the north carry more pollen and blossoms
than any wind on the exterior?
"If it is not hollow and warm inside the Earth, then why does
colored pollen color the snow for thousands of square miles?
"Could it be that pollen from millions of acres and colored flowers
causes the snow to be red, pink, yellow, blue, etc.?"