by Stephen Chen
a Chinese electromagnetic surveillance satellite,
collects data from orbit
with cutting-edge sensors.
Make no mistake about geo-engineering and HAARP:
It is driven by Technocrats in the military to
weaponize weather against other superpowers.
Messing with the ionosphere is potentially
existential to humanity.
are testing a technology
scientists involved in the project.
been in a race for decades
to control the
radio signals to bounce
Russia band together on controversial heating experiments to modify
China and Russia have modified an important layer of the atmosphere
above Europe to test a controversial technology for possible
military application, according to Chinese scientists involved in
A total of five experiments were carried out in June.
One, on June 7,
caused physical disturbance over an area as large as 126,000 sq
km (49,000 square miles), or about half the size of Britain.
The modified zone, looming more than 500km (310 miles) high over
Vasilsursk, a small Russian
town in eastern Europe, experienced an electric spike with 10
times more negatively charged subatomic particles than
In another experiment on June 12, the temperature of thin,
ionized gas in high altitude increased more than 100 degrees
Celsius (212 degrees Fahrenheit) because of the particle flux.
The particles, or electrons, were pumped into the sky by
Sura, an atmospheric heating facility
in Vasilsursk built by the former Soviet Union's military during
the cold war.
The results were "satisfactory", the research team reported in a
paper published in the latest issue of the
Earth and Planetary Physics.
"The detection of
plasma disturbances… provides evidence for likely success of
future related experiments," the researchers said.
Professor Guo Lixin,
dean of the school of physics and optoelectronic engineering at
Xidian University in Xian and a leading scientist on ionosphere
manipulation technology in China, said the joint experimentation was
cooperation is very rare for China," said Guo, who was not
involved in the experiment. "The technology involved is too
The sun and cosmic rays
produce a large amount of free-flying, positively charged atoms
known as ions at altitudes from 75km to 1,000km.
The layer, or ionosphere,
reflects radio waves like a mirror. The ionosphere allows radio
signals to bounce long distances for communication.
The militaries have been in a race to control the ionosphere for
The Sura base in Vasilsursk is believed to be the world's first
large-scale facility built for the purpose. Up and running in 1981,
it enabled Soviet scientists to manipulate the sky as an instrument
for military operations, such as submarine communication.
High-energy microwaves can pluck the electromagnetic field in
ionosphere like fingers playing a harp.
This can produce very
low-frequency radio signals that can penetrate the ground or water -
sometimes to depths of more than 100 meters (328 feet) in the ocean,
which made it a possible communication method for submarines.
We are not
We are not the
teaming up with
involved in the
Changing the ionosphere over enemy territory can also disrupt or cut
off their communication with satellites.
The US military learned from the Russian experiment and built a much
larger facility to conduct similar tests.
The High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program, or
HAARP, was established in Gakona, Alaska, in the 1990s
with funding from the US military and the Defence Advanced
Research Projects Agency (DARPA).
The HAARP facility could generate a maximum 1 gigawatt of power,
nearly four times that of Sura.
China is now building
an even larger and more advanced facility
in Sanya, Hainan, with
capability to manipulate the ionosphere over the entire South
China Sea, according to an earlier report by the South China
There have been concerns
that such facilities could be used to modify weather and even
create natural disasters, including,
The ultra-low frequency
waves generated by these powerful facilities could even affect
the operation of human brains, some critics have said.
Beijing and Taipei team
up in space to track earthquakes
But Dr Wang Yalu, an associate researcher with the China
Earthquake Administration who took part in the study in June,
dismissed such theories.
"We are just doing
pure scientific research. If there is anything else involved, I
am not informed about this," she said in an interview.
administration was involved because the
Zhangheng-1, launched in February,
was the first Chinese satellite capable of picking up precursory
signals linked to earthquakes.
It is operated by the
Chinese military and has served both civilian and defence uses.
In the China-Russian experiment, researchers found that even with a
small power output of 30MW, the radio beam could create a large
But they also found that
the effects dropped sharply after sunrise, as the man-made
perturbation easily became lost in the noise created by sunlight.
"We are not playing
God. We are not the only country teaming up with the Russians.
Other countries have
done similar things," said another researcher who was involved
in the project and asked not to be named because of the
sensitivity of the issue.
The Sura facility has
also conducted joint research with France and the United States,
according to papers published in academic journals.
The National Centre for Space Studies, a French government
agency under the supervision of the ministries of defence and
research, has deployed the
micro satellite Demeter to monitor
Sura's radio emissions.
The Defence Meteorological Satellite Program run by the US
Department of Defence also contributed fly-by data in several
heating experiments conducted at the Russian site before 2012.
The countries were willing to collaborate in part because many
scientific and technical problems remain to be solved, the Chinese
is very rare for
For example, though there is general consensus that human
disturbances can cause the irregularities, how they happened and why
remains a subject of debate, with different research teams providing
Professor Gong Shuhong, a military communication technology
researcher at Xidian University, formerly the Radio School of the
Central Military Committee, said he had been closely following
the Russia-China heating experiment.
"The energy emitted
was too low to trigger a global environmental event," he said.
"Human influence is still very small compared to the power of
Mother Nature. But the impact to a small region is possible."
In theory, a butterfly
flapping its wings might be amplified in a sophisticated weather
system and cause a storm in a distant location several weeks later.
"Such studies must
strictly follow ethical guidelines," Gong said. "Whatever they
do, it must not cause harm to the people living on this planet."