by Prof. Michel Chossudovsky
have been available to the U.S.
for more than half a century.
The issue has been amply documented
and should be part of
the climate change debate.
There is no evidence of "weather modification" in relation to recent
climatic disturbances (hurricanes), but at the same time there is no
firm evidence that this climate instability is attributable to
'greenhouse gas' emissions.
The broader issue of environmental modification techniques must be
addressed and carefully analyzed.
It should also be
understood that the instruments of weather warfare are part of the
U.S. arsenal of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and their
proposed use by the U.S. military against "enemies" constitutes not
only a crime against humanity but to put it mildly a threat to
In this essay I am providing the reader with direct quotes from a
U.S. Air Force document on the use of environmental modification
techniques which indelibly provide irrefutable evidence that the
threats are real and must be addressed.
It should be noted that the U.S. is blatantly in violation of a
historic 1977 international Convention ratified by the UN General
Assembly which banned,
"military or other
hostile use of environmental modification techniques having
widespread, long-lasting or severe effects." (AP, 18 May 1977).
Both the U.S. and the
Soviet Union were signatories to the Convention.
...Each State Party to this Convention undertakes not to engage
in military… use of environmental modification techniques having
widespread, long-lasting or severe effects as the means of
destruction, damage or injury to any other State Party.
Convention on the Prohibition of Military
or Any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification
United Nations, Geneva, May 18, 1977
Entered into force: 5 October 1978
full text of Convention in Annex
U.S. mathematician John von Neumann, in liaison with the U.S.
Department of Defense, started his research on weather modification
in the late 1940s at the height of the Cold War and foresaw 'forms
of climatic warfare as yet unimagined'.
During the Vietnam war,
cloud-seeding techniques were used, starting in 1967 under
Project Popeye, the objective of
which was to prolong the monsoon season and block enemy supply
routes along the Ho Chi Minh Trail.
The U.S. military has developed advanced capabilities that enable it
selectively to alter weather patterns. The technology, which was
initially developed in the 1990s under the High-frequency Active
Auroral Research Program (HAARP),
was an appendage of the Strategic Defense Initiative - 'Star Wars'.
From a military
standpoint, HAARP - which was officially abolished in 2014 - is a
weapon of mass destruction, operating from the outer atmosphere and
capable of destabilizing agricultural and ecological systems around
Officially, the HAARP program has been 'closed down' at its location
in Alaska. The technology of weather modification shrouded in
secrecy, nonetheless prevails.
HAARP documents confirm that the
technology was fully operational in the mid 1990s.
It should be emphasized that while the U.S. military confirms that
weather warfare is fully operational, there is no documented
evidence of its military use against enemies of the U.S.
subject matter is a taboo among environmental analysts. No in-depth
investigation has been undertaken to reveal the operational
dimensions of weather warfare.
The irony is that the impacts of
ENMOD techniques for military use
were documented by CBC TV in the early 1990s.
The CBC TV report acknowledged that the HAARP facility in Alaska
under the auspices of the U.S. Air Force had the ability of
"Directed energy is
such a powerful technology it could be used to heat the
ionosphere to turn weather into a weapon of war.
Imagine using a
flood to destroy a city or tornadoes to decimate an approaching
army in the desert.
The military has
spent a huge amount of time on weather modification as a concept
for battle environments.
If an electromagnetic
pulse went off over a city, basically all the electronic things
in your home would wink and go out, and they would be
CBC TV Report
Weather as a
Force Multiplier - Owning the Weather
In this article we will provide key quotations from a U.S. 1996 U.S.
Air Force document which analyzes weather modification techniques
for military use.
The underlying objective from a military standpoint is "Owning the
At the time this study was commissioned in 1996, the HAARP program
was already fully operational as documented by the above CBC documentary.
The stated purpose of the above Report is described below:
In this paper we show
that appropriate application of weather-modification can provide
battle-space dominance to a degree never before imagined.
In the future, such
operations will enhance air and space superiority and provide
new options for battle-space shaping and battle-space awareness
there, waiting for us to pull it all together," in 2025 we can
"Own the Weather."
document AF 2025 Final Report
according to the U.S. Air Force document
AF 2025 Final Report,
"offers the war
fighter a wide range of possible options to defeat or coerce an
adversary", capabilities, it says, extend to the triggering of
floods, hurricanes, droughts and earthquakes:
modification will become a part of domestic and
international security and could be done unilaterally… It
could have offensive and defensive applications and even be
used for deterrence purposes.
The ability to
generate precipitation, fog and storms on earth or to modify
space weather… and the production of artificial weather all
are a part of an integrated set of [military] technologies."
friendly operations or disrupting those of the enemy via
small-scale tailoring of natural weather patterns to complete
dominance of global communications and counter-space control,
weather-modification offers the war fighter a wide-range of
possible options to defeat or coerce an adversary.
Some of the potential
capabilities a weather-modification system could provide to a
war-fighting commander in chief (CINC) are listed in table 1
Source: U.S. Air Force
Why Would We
Want to Mess with the Weather?
Is the subtitle of
chapter 2 of the Report
According to Gen Gordon Sullivan, former Army chief of staff,
"As we leap
technology into the 21st century, we will be able to see the
enemy day or night, in any weather - and go after him
real-time, robust, systematic weather-modification capability would
provide war-fighting CINCs with a powerful force multiplier to
achieve military objectives.
Since weather will be
common to all possible futures, a weather-modification capability
would be universally applicable and have utility across the entire
spectrum of conflict.
The capability of influencing the weather even
on a small scale could change it from a force degrader to a force
Under the heading "What Do We Mean by 'Weather-modification'?",
weather-modification may have negative connotations for many people,
civilians and military members alike.
It is thus important to define
the scope to be considered in this paper so that potential critics
or proponents of further research have a common basis for
In the broadest sense, weather-modification can be divided into two
In extreme cases, it might involve the creation of
completely new weather patterns, attenuation or control of severe
storms, or even alteration of global climate on a far-reaching
and/or long-lasting scale.
In the mildest and least controversial
cases it may consist of inducing or suppressing precipitation,
clouds, or fog for short times over a small-scale region.
low-intensity applications might include the alteration and/or use
of near space as a medium to enhance communications, disrupt active
or passive sensing, or other purposes.
Weather-modification technologies might involve techniques that
would increase latent heat release in the atmosphere, provide
additional water vapor for cloud cell development, and provide
additional surface and lower atmospheric heating to increase
Critical to the success of any attempt to trigger a storm cell is
the pre-existing atmospheric conditions locally and regionally.
atmosphere must already be conditionally unstable and the
large-scale dynamics must be supportive of vertical cloud
The focus of the weather-modification effort would be
to provide additional "conditions" that would make the atmosphere
unstable enough to generate cloud and eventually storm cell
The path of storm cells once developed or enhanced is
dependent not only on the mesoscale dynamics of the storm but the
regional and synoptic (global) scale atmospheric wind flow patterns
in the area which are currently not subject to human control. (page
Is the CIA
involved in Climate Engineering?
Involvement of the CIA in Climate Change Technologies
Back in July 2013, MSN news reported that the CIA was involved in
helping to fund a project by the National Academy of Sciences (NAS)
focusing on geo-engineering and climate manipulation.
The report not only
acknowledged these technologies, it confirmed that U.S. intelligence
has been routinely involved in addressing the issue of climatic
The CIA is helping
fund the research because the NAS also plans to evaluate,
security concerns (that could be) related to
technologies being deployed somewhere in the world," Kearney
In an emailed
statement, Christopher White, a spokesman for the CIA's
office of public affairs, told MSN,
"On a subject
like climate change, the agency works with scientists to
better understand the phenomenon and its implications on
Although the CIA and
the NAS are tight-lipped about what these concerns might be, one
researcher notes that geoengineering has the potential to
deliberately disrupt the weather for terrorist or military
John Pike, the director of GlobalSecurity.org, a
Washington-based firm that specializes in addressing emerging
security concerns, says that worries about the potential impact
of geoengineering aren't as paramount as the potential security
issues that could arise if the United States doesn't use the
"A failure to
engage in geoengineering could impact the political
stability of other countries, and that could lead to trouble
for the U.S.," he said.
The NAS project is
supported by the U.S. intelligence community,
the National Oceanic
and Atmospheric Administration
the National Aeronautics and Space
the Department of Energy.
of related technologies (e.g., cloud seeding and other weather
modification) for lessons that might be learned about societal
reactions, examine what international agreements exist which may
be relevant to the experimental testing or deployment of
geoengineering technologies, and briefly explore potential
societal and ethical considerations related to geoengineering.
This study is
intended to provide a careful, clear scientific foundation that
informs ethical, legal, and political discussions surrounding
According to a 2015 report in the Independent (screenshot above),
quoting a renowned U.S. scientist Alan Robock:
A senior American
climate scientist has spoken of the fear he experienced when
U.S. intelligence services apparently asked him about the
possibility of weaponizing the weather as a major report on
geo-engineering is to be published this week.
Professor Alan Robock stated that three years ago, two men
claiming to be from the CIA had called him to ask whether
experts would be able to tell if hostile forces had begun
manipulating the US's weather, though he suspected the purpose
of the call was to find out if American forces could meddle with
other countries' climates instead.