by Pepe Escobar
from TheSaker Website
has a road map for 21st century:
global alliance of leaders
...are all at the forefront of Eurasia integration.
No wonder, then, that the 5th meeting of the Astana Club had to focus on Greater Eurasia:
The Astana Club congregates a fascinating mix of Eurasia-wide notables with Europeans and Americans. Virtually all relevant shades of the geopolitical spectrum are represented.
Yakunin sees the New Silk
Roads, or Belt and Road Initiative, as a "civilizational dialogue
basis for China" even as Russia continues to assert itself again as
a global power.
Senior Pakistani diplomat Iftekhar Chowdury, now at the Institute of South Asian Studies at the National University of Singapore, argues that the,
Huiyao, for his part, is
not fazed: he stresses that China already sees a "Eurasia 3D" as a
new negotiation platform.
He emphasizes the role of the Asia Infrastructure Investment Bank and especially the Belt & Road as,
Belt & Road, he insists, is a,
In contrast, the great danger is "unilateralism":
Jacob Frenkel, Chairman of JP Morgan International, clear-headed and didactic unlike many bankers, actually quotes from a Chinese proverb:
He emphasizes that,
Wang lends backing to Frenkel when he underlines the unintended consequences for third countries from the US-China trade war.
Frenkel sees tariffs as,
Boris Tadic, former President of Serbia, concentrates on how,
The redoubtable Li Wei, President of the Development Research Center of the State Council Chair and a sterling negotiator, stresses that under serious,
China and the US should,
What's needed, says Li,
in a new first stage of discussion, is for Xi and Trump to sign a
memorandum of understanding.
Li, unfazed, has to mention that Xi Jinping actually launched Belt & Road in Kazakhstan - at the nearby Nazarbayev University, in 2013.
He's convinced that the initiative is capable of,
The best hope lies with
Kazakhstan - and there are precedents already, with Nur-Sultan
hosting the Astana process for Syria.
He sees "lack of trust" as the greatest threat to the NPT:
The legendary Mohamed El Baradei, former Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency and 2005 Nobel Peace Prize laureate, lays down the choice in stark terms:
He stresses that,
And the elephant in the room is, of course, nuclear weapons:
El Baradei refutes the notion of the nuclear club as a model:
On nuclear disarmament, it's the nuclear states that have to start a new era.
For the moment, what's left is,
Back on the ground level, Dan Smith, director of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute introduces lethal autonomous weapons systems - as in robots with a very high degree of autonomy - into the conversation.
Not that these entities would prevent, for instance, cyber-attacks, which,
There's a feeling among seasoned diplomats and analysts that when the history of Greater Eurasia is written, Nazarbayev will be on the front page.
Global turmoil may not favor it too much at the moment, but as the Russians stress, the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU), for instance, is bound to survive sanctions and the trade war, and 2025 offers a tantalizing glimpse of the future via open market for gas and transportation.
He is keen to "critically
reassess" the Eurasian model of security, now combining Europe and
Asia, as most experts who prepared a
detailed report on the Top Ten
risks for Eurasia in 2020 agree.
That would be constituted as a global alliance of leaders for a nuclear-free world - complete with global summits dedicated to nuclear security.
He can speak like that
with the "moral right" of having closed one of the world's major
nuclear arsenals - Kazakhstan's.
...all these initiatives and institutions - should be on overdrive, together, creating multiple negotiation tracks, all geared towards Greater Eurasia.
And what better platform
to advance it, conceptually, than the Astana Club...?