From "The Unknown
by Wulf Schwartzwaller
Berkeley Books, 1990
On April 6, 1919, in Bavaria, left wing
socialists and anarchists proclaimed the Bavarian Soviet Republic.
The brains of the revolution were a group of writers who had little
idea of administration. Life in munich grew chaotic. The
counter-revolutionary forces, the whites, composed of various groups
of decommissioned soldiers known as "Frei Corps", equipped and
financed by the mysterious Thule Society, defeated the Bavarian
Soviet within a matter of weeks.
Many other decommissioned soldiers waited out the turbulence in
barracks, pfc Adolph Hitler among them. After the Bavarian Republic
had been defeated by the Whites, in May, Hitler's superiors put him
to work in the post revolution investigating commission.
His indictments injected ruthless
efficiency into the kangaroo courts as he fingered hundreds of
noncommissioned officers and enlisted men who had sympathized with
the communist and anarchists. He was subsequently sent to attend
special anticommunist training courses and seminars at the
University which were financed by the Reichswehr administration and
by private donors from the Thule Society.
This led to an assignment in the
intelligence division of the postwar German army, to infiltrate
groups that could organize the working classes while the communists
were weak. On a September evening, 1919, Hitler turned up in the
Sternecker Beer Hall where members and friends of the budding German
Workers Party had gathered. He quietly listened to the presentation
by engineer Gottfried Feder, a Thule Society member, who talked
about jewish control over lending capital.
When one of the other group members
called for Bavaria to break away from the rest of Germany, Hitler
sprang into action. The astonished audience stood by while his
highly aggressive remarks and compelling oratory swept through the
room. After Hitler had finished his harangue, party chairman and
founder, Anton Drexler, immediately asked him to a meeting of the
party's steering committee held a few days later. He was asked to
join the committee as its seventh member, responsible for
advertising and propaganda.
Back in 1912, several German occultists with radical anti-semitic
inclinations decided to form a "magic" lodge, which they named the
Order of Teutons. the main founders were Theodor Fritsch, a
publisher of an anti-semitic journal; Philipp Stauff, pupil of the
racist Guido Von List, and Hermann Pohl, the order's chancellor.
(Pohl would drop out three years later to found his own bizarre
lodge, the Walvater Teutonic Order of the Holy Grail.)
The Order of Teutons was organized along
the lines of the Free Masons or the Rosicrucians, having differing
degrees of initiation, only persons who could fully document that
they were of pure "aryan" ancestry were allowed to join.
In 1915, Pohl was joined by Rudolf Blauer, who held a Turkish
passport and practiced sufi meditation. He also dabbled in astrology
and was an admirer of Lanz Von Liebenfels and Guido Von List, both
pathologically anti-semitic. Blauer went by the name of Rudolf
Freiherr Von Seboottendorf. He was very wealthy, although the origin
of his fortune is unknown. He became the Grand Master of the
Bavarian Order and he founded the Thule Society, with Pohl's
approval, in 1918.
After the Bavarian communist revolution of 1918, the Thule Society
became a center of the counterrevolutionary subculture. An espionage
network and arms caches were organized. The Thule Club rooms became
a nest of resistance to the revolution and the Munich Soviet
Journalist Karl Harrer was given the job of founding a political
"worker circle". He realized that the workers would reject any
program that was presented to them by a member of the conservative
"privileged" class. Harrer knew that the mechanic Anton Drexler, who
was working for the railroads, was a well-known anti-semite,
chauvinist and proletarian. With drexler as nominal chairman, Harrer
founded the German Workers Party in January 1919
The German Workers Party was only one of many associations founded
and controlled by the Thule Society. The Thule was the "mother" to
the German Socialist Party, led by Julius Streicher, and the
right-wing radical Oberland Free Corps. It published the Munich
observer, which later became the National Observer.
Hitler became the most prominent
personality in the party. He caused Harrer to drop out, and he
pushed Drexler, the nominal chairman, to the sidelines. He filled
key positions with his own friends from the Thule Society and the
Army. During the summer of 1920, upon his suggestion, the party was
renamed the National Socialist German Worker Party (NASDAP). The new
name was intended to equally attract nationalists and proletarians.
To go along with the new name his mass movement also required a flag
with a powerful symbol. Among many designs under consideration,
Hitler picked the one suggested by Thule member Dr. Krohn: a red
cloth with a white circle in the middle containing a black swastika.
Hitler wanted to turn the German Workers Party into a mass-conscious
fighting party, but Harrer and Drexler were hesitant, due in part to
their woeful financial situation. The Thule Society was not yet
supplying very much money and no one seemed to know how to build up
a mass party. Hitler arranged two public meetings in obscure beer
halls, and he drafted leaflets and posters, but there was no real
All of this changed dramatically at the end of the 1919 when Hitler
met Dietrich Eckart.
Most biographers have underestimated the
influence that Eckart exerted on Hitler. He was the wealthy
publisher and editor-in-chief of an anti-semitic journal which he
called In Plain German. Eckart was also a committed occultist and a
master of magic. As an initiate, Eckart belonged to the inner circle
of the Thule Society as well as other esoteric orders.
Briefly, the creed of the Thule Society inner circle is as follows:
Thule was a legendary island in the far north, similar to Atlantis,
supposedly the center of a lost, high-level civilization. But not
all secrets of that civilization had been completely wiped out.
Those that remained were being guarded by ancient, highly
intelligent beings (similar to the "Masters" of Theosophy or the
The truly initiated could establish
contact with these beings by means of magic-mystical rituals. The
"Masters" or "Ancients" allegedly would be able to endow the
initiated with supernatural strength and energy. With the help of
these energies the goal of the initiated was to create a race of
Supermen of "Aryan" stock who would exterminate all "inferior"
There can be no doubt that Eckart - who had been alerted to Hitler
by other Thulists - trained Hitler in techniques of self confidence,
self projection, persuasive oratory, body language and discursive
sophistry. With these tools, in a short period of time he was able
to move the obscure workers party from the club and beer hall
atmosphere to a mass movement. The emotion charged lay speaker
became an expert orator, capable of mesmerizing a vast audience.
One should not underestimate occultism's influence on Hitler. His
subsequent rejection of Free Masons and esoteric movements, of
Theosophy, of Anthrosophy, does not necessarily mean otherwise.
Occult circles have long been known as covers for espionage and
Hitler's spy apparatus under Canaris and
Heydrich were well aware of these conduits, particularly from the
direction of Britain which had within its MI5 intelligence agency a
department known as the Occult Bureau.
That these potential sources
of trouble were purged from Nazi life should not be taken to mean
that Hitler and the Nazi secret societies were not influenced by
mystical and occult writers such as:
Although Hitler later denounced and
ridiculed many of them, he did dedicate his book Mein Kampf to his
teacher Dietrich Eckart.
A frequent visitor to Landsberg Prison where Hitler was writing Mein
Kampf with the help of Rudolf Hess, was General Karl Haushofer, a
university professor and director of the Munich Institute of
Geopolitics. Haushofer, Hitler, and Hess had long conversations
Hess also kept records of these
conversations. Hitler's demands for German "Living Space" in the
east at the expense of the Slavic nations were based on the
geopolitical theories of the learned professor. Haushofer was also
inclined toward the esoteric. as military attache in Japan, he had
studied Zen-Buddhism. He had also gone through initiations at the
hands of Tibetan Lamas. He became Hitler's second "esoteric mentor",
replacing Dietrich Eckart.
In Berlin, Haushofer had founded the
Luminous Lodge or the Vril Society. The lodge's objective was to
explore the origins of the Aryan race and to perform exercises in
concentration to awaken the forces of "Vril". Haushofer was a
student of the Russian magician and metaphysician Gregor Ivanovich
Gurdyev (George Gurdjieff). Both Gurdjeiff and Haushofer maintained
that they had contacts with secret Tibetan Lodges that possessed the
secret of the "Superman".
The lodge included Hitler, Alfred
Rosenberg, Himmler, Goring, and Hitler's subsequent personal
physician Dr. Morell. It is also known that Aleister Crowley and
Gurdjieff sought contact with Hitler. Hitler's unusual powers of
suggestion become more understandable if one keeps in mind that he
had access to the "secret" psychological techniques of the esoteric
Haushofer taught him the techniques of
Gurdjieff which, in turn, were based on the teachings of the Sufis
and the Tibetan Lamas- and familiarized him with the Zen teaching of
the Japanese Society of the Green Dragon.
The Men Behind Hitler
excerpts from the book by Bernard Schreiber
Thomas Robert Malthus (1766-1834) was an English political economist
and historian who in 1796 published a book called "An Essay on the
Principle of Population" in which he said that poverty, and thereby
vice and misery, are unavoidable because population growth always
exceeds food production. Checks on population growth were wars,
famine, and diseases.
Malthus's ideas had great impact, only a few asked on what his
claims were actually based. Yet neither Malthus nor his later
disciples ever managed to put forward any scientific proof for his
theory. Many scientists have disproved Malthus' theory and the
ideology resulting from it.
However, with the book, Malthus created an atmosphere which moved
his adherents in 1834 to pass a new law providing for the
institution of work- houses for the poor, in which the sexes were
strictly separated to curb the otherwise inevitable overbreeding.
This kind of philosophy urged the calling forth of drastic measures.
The full title of Charles Darwin's famous book is not so famous:
Origin of Species By Means of Natural Selection or the Preservation
of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life. In it he explains the
development of life-forms as a struggle for existence. The result of
this struggle would be a natural selection of those species and
races who were to triumph over those weaker ones who would perish.
Francis Galton (1822-1911) was an english psychologist and a
half-cousin of Darwin. Galton extended Darwin's theory into a
concept of deliberate social intervention, which he said was a
logical application of evolution to the human race. He called his
theory "Eugenics", the principle of which was that by encouraging
better human stock to breed and discouraging the reproduction of
less desirable stock, the whole race could be improved.
Modern racism really began with Arthur Count de Gabon (1816-1882)
who published his Essay on the Inequality of Human Races. He wrote
in of a fair-haired Aryan race that was superior to all the others
whose remnants constituted a tiny racial aristocracy decaying under
the overwhelming weight of inferior races. A revival of his work in
Germany began ten years after his death by the Pan-Germans, an
extremely nationalistic and anti-jewish group.
In 1899, Gabon's disciple, Houston Stewart Chaimberlain (1844-1927),
an Englishman, published The Foundations of the Nineteenth Century,
in Germany. He upheld the German race to be the purest and damned
the inferior races, the jews and negroes, as degenerate. From this
point on, Eugenics, Social Darwinism and racial hygiene fused into a
In 1904 the first chairs in Eugenics were instituted at University
College, London, followed by the establishment of the Galton
Laboratory for National Eugenics in 1907. In 1910 the Eugenic Record
Office was founded in the United States, both institutes used the
research results of the Galton Laboratory of National Eugenics to
propose practical applications. Eugenics was used an the
"scientific" basis upon which racism was fused to politics.
Eugenicists believed that the child of a mentally-ill person and a
mentally healthy person would be a mentally-ill offspring. This led
to a series of escalating regimens: separation from society,
restraint, separation of the sexes in defective's colonies, and
In Great Britain one of the leaders of the mental hygiene movement
was Miss Evelyn Fox. She had been an active member of the Eugenics
Society before the foundation of the National Council for Mental
Hygiene, of which she was an officer and founder. Among the board
members was Sir Cyril Burt, who later founded Mensa, a high i.q.
group which espoused eugenic principles. The mental hygiene movement
drew strongly from the eugenic movements of whatever country they
Shortly after the turn of the century eugenic organizations were set
up throughout the world. While the whole world was being prepared by
propaganda for the sterilization of the insane, the adherents of
mental hygiene and eugenics were preparing their next step,
In the U.S.A., Dr. Alexis Carrel, a Nobel prize winner who had been
on the staff of the Rockefeller Institute since its inception,
published his book Man the Unknown in 1935. In it he suggests the
removal of the mentally ill and the criminal by small euthanasia
institutions equipped with suitable gases.
In 1933 the Nazi party rapidly consolidated its power. In June of
that year, Minister of the Interior Wilhelm Frick put in motion the
passage of the "Law for the Prevention of Hereditary Diseases in
Posterity"- the sterilization law.
Architect of the law was Ernst Rudin, professor of psychiatry at the Munich University, director of
the Kaiser-Wilhelm Institute for Genealogy, and of the Research
Institute for Psychiatry. A separate legal system was set up
consisting of "Hereditary Health Courts", which could decree
sterilization against a person's will. By 1935 the "Nuremburg Laws"
intended to insure the racial purity of the nation and was aimed
specifically at the Jews.
In 1934 the Institute for Heredity, Biology and Racial Research was
founded at Frankfurt University by professor Ernst Rudin's colleague
at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute, Dr. Otmar Freiherr Von Verscheur.
Von Verscheur's assistant there was Dr. Joseph Mengele.
In England, Dr. Charles Killick Millard, president of the Society of
Medical Officers of Health, brought up in 1931 the question of
voluntary euthanasia and proposed a suitable law. Later he became
fellow founder of the Voluntary Euthanasia Legislation Society. In
1935 Lord Moynihan, president of the Royal College of Surgeons,
founded the Euthanasia Society .
Sterilization and euthanasia were not the ideas of the Nazis and
never had been. They were ideas which were supported and promoted
throughout the world by groups with an interest in the development
of mental hygiene. Germany, however, was the only country in which
the political climate allowed materialization of the final goal of
sterilization and euthanasia.
There is not a great deal known about "T4" compared to other aspects
of Nazi Germany. T4 was the Fuhrer Chancellery and the initials came
from the full address which was Tiergartenstrasse 4, Berlin.
"Project T4" was fully integrated into the organizational structure
of the Reich and fell under section 11b. ("mercy-death") of the
Chancellery of the Fuhrer.
Four cover organizations safeguarded the
the Realms Work Committee in charge of collecting
information on candidates for euthanasia from questionnaires sent to
the Realms Committee for Scientific Approach to Severe
Illness Due to Heredity set up exclusively to apply euthanasia to
the charitable company for the
transport of the sick which transported patients to the
Foundation for Institutional Care, in charge of final disposition of
the victims' remains
At the time the questionnaires went out a number of mental hospitals
were being converted for use as killing centers and schools for
murder. Death chambers were built disguised as shower-baths and
crematoriums, which were identical to those later to be established
in the death camps in Poland.
Schooling of the personnel at Hadamar Mental Institution produced
perfect murderers who were used to the smell of burnt flesh, had
been taught to trick people being led to their death and to steel
themselves against the crying and pleading of the victims. On
arrival, the victims were stripped, dressed in paper shirts and
forthwith taken to a gas chamber where they were murdered with
hydrocyanic acid gas, and the bodies moved to crematoriums by
conveyer belts, six bodies to a furnace. The psychiatrist in charge
at Hadamar was Dr. Adolf Wahlmann, an active member of the German
Mental Hygiene Movement.
After the state had been relieved of the burden of these
undesirables, the operation, still under the direction of eminent
mental health psychiatrists in T4, was expanded under the code of
14F13. From being limited to mental hospitals and institutions, it
now embraced German and Austrian inmates and Jews in concentration
camps who were sick or invalid.
At Dachau at the end of 1941 a
commission composed of 4 psychiatrists under professor Dr. Werner Heyde, SS
Standartenfuhrer and lecturer in neurology and psychiatry
at Wurzburg University, arrived at the camp and selected hundred of
patients incapable of work who were transported to the gas chambers
and disposed of.
The extermination camps had followed a separate evolution from the
concentration camps that were opened a few months after the Nazi
rise to power. These death camps had their headquarters, not in
Himmler's SS organization, but in the Fuhrer's Chancellory (T4).
Franz Stangl (Austrian Gestapo) said at the Nuremberg trials that
his progression to builder and commander of the Sobibor
Extermination Camp went through the Hartheim and Bernberg euthanasia
centers. The original staff at Sobibor was taken from Hartheim.
During the war eugenics became associated with the Nazis and
afterwards a global whitewashing began. The first step was the
reconstitution of the many National Councils of Mental Hygiene. The
first was the British Association for Mental Health. Lady Prescilla
Norman, wife of Montagu Norman, governor of the Bank of England, had
been working in the mental hygiene movement since the 20's. In 1944
they sponsored a congress held at the Ministry of Health in London
where they established the World Federation of Mental Health -
The first elected president of the WFMH was Dr. John Rawlings Rees,
a British psychiatrist associated with
the Tavistock Institute. In
1948 the WFMH was formally inaugurated at the Third International
Congress of Mental Health. A vice-president of the Congress was Dr.
Carl G. Jung who was described by fellow vice-president Dr. Conti as
"representing German psychiatry under the Nazis". Dr. Jung had been
co-editor of the Journal for Psychotherapy with Dr. M. H. Goering,
the cousin of Marshal Hermann Goering.
It may be that the real key to the Third Reich lies buried in the
history of Tibet, for it was here that Karl Haushofer, the initiate
who taught the youthful Hitler, first met in literal fact the
Superman of Nazi legend.
Origins of the swastika
By 1945 the Thousand Year Reich had become a smoking ruin.
soldiers pressed through the rubble, fighting from house to house,
from street to street in order to link up with their British and
American allies who also pressed in inexorably on the heart of the
dying capital. Before they overran the eastern sector of Berlin,
these Russian troops came across something very strange: vast
numbers of Tibetan corpses. The fact is mentioned by Maurice Bessy
and again by Pauwels and Bergier, who set the actual number of
bodies at a thousand. They wore German uniform, but without the
usual insignia of rank.
The religion of Tibet is Buddhism, but like the Zen of Japan, it is
a brand of Buddhism far divorced from the Indian original. Many
scholars prefer the term "Lamaism" to distinguish between Tibetan
Buddhism and its parent root. The religious life of the country is
concentrated in a multitude of monasteries, many of them built in
almost inaccessible mountain regions.
Side by side with the state
religion of Lamaism, and flourishing particularly in the rural
districts, is Tibet's aboriginal religion of Bon. The Bon-Pas follow
a primitive, animistic creed, full of dark rituals and spells. If
the holy Lamas of the Buddhist sects
were looked on as
personifications of spiritual wisdom, the priests of Bon had a
potent reputation with the common people as magicians.
The Nazi leaders were attracted to Tibet by those of its secret
doctrines which filtered through to the west. They believed, those
members of the Thule group, the Luminous Lodge, and the various
other occult organizations which helped shape the Third Reich, in an
esoteric history of mankind. And it was in the archives of Tibetan
monasteries that this history was preserved in its purest form.
Already, in the latter half of the previous century, intriguing
hints about Tibetan secret teachings had been carried to the west by
Helena Blavatsky, who claimed initiation at the hands of the Holy
Lamas themselves. Blavatsky taught that her "Hidden Masters" and
"Secret Chiefs" had their earthly residence in the Himalayan region.
As soon as the Nazi movement had sufficient funds, it began to
organize a number of expeditions to Tibet and these succeeded one
another practically without interruption until 1943. One of the most
tangible expressions of Nazi interest in Tibet was the party's
adoption of its deepest and most mystical of symbols - the swastika.
The swastika is one of mankind's oldest symbols, and apart from the
cross and the circle, probably the most widely distributed. It is
shown on pottery fragments from Greece dating back to the eighth
century BC. It was used in ancient Egypt, India and China. The
Navaho indians of North America have a traditional swastika pattern.
Arab-Islamic sorcerers used it. In more recent times, it was
incorporated in the flags of certain baltic states.
The idea for the use of the swastika by the Nazis came from a
dentist named Dr. Friedrich Krohn who was a member of the secret
Germanen order. Krohn produced the design for the actual form in
which the Nazis came to use the symbol, that is reversed, spinning
in an anti-clockwise direction. As a solar symbol, the swastika is
properly thought of as spinning, and the Buddhists have always
believed the symbol attracted luck.
The Sanskrit word "svastika"
means good fortune and well being. According to Cabbalistic lore and
occult theory, chaotic force can be evoked by reversing the
And so the symbol appeared as the flag of Nazi Germany and
the insignia of the Nazi party, an indication for those who had eyes
to see, as to the occult nature of the Third Reich.
The Controversy off the Occult Reich
by John Roemer
This article is transcribed from an
issue of Gnosis Magazine
One hundred years after Adolph Hitler's birth near Linz in Austria on
April 20 1889, and decades after his malign empire metastasized in
Bavaria in Bavaria, the Hitler phenomenon remains to mainstream
historians largely inexplicable, or at least unexplained. The man
and his awful work seem to stand outside history looking in. Perhaps
our human fear of the irrational is so great that we instinctively
hold Hitler at a great remove in order that we need not admit him to
In light of this it isn't very surprising that an extensive
literature exists seeking an occult rationale for the otherwise
baffling catastrophe Hitler represents.
As Louis Pauwels and
Jacques Bergier point out in the
Morning of the Magicians(1960), the Nazi
era simply defies conventional analysis:
A self taught madman, surrounded by a handful of
megalomaniacs, rejects Descartes, spurns the whole humanist culture,
tramples on reason, invokes Lucifer, conquers Europe, and nearly
conquers the world. The historian begins to feel anxious and to
wonder whether his art is viable.
Pauwels and Bergier were among the first postwar proponents of a
black magical explanation for the Third Reich. About a quarter of
their book is devoted to a region they call "The Absolute
Elsewhere," a neverland where Nazi pseudosciences and occult
methodology held official sway.
They quote a Hitlerian pronouncement
to demonstrate that the Fuhrer's intellectual development was on a
level wholly different from that understood by the Western
"there is a Nordic and National Socialist science which
is opposed to Jewish-Liberal science".2
Reality was defined by
Nazi "science" has brought hoots of derision from those who hold to
the Cartesian model. In place of psychology there was an occult
frappe composed of the mysticism of Gurdijeff, the theosophy of
Madame Blavatsky and the archetypes of Nordic mythology. In place of
Newtonian physics stood the cosmic force called vril, the bizarre
geology known as the hollow earth theory, and the frigid cosmology
of Hans Horbiger's Welteislehre, the doctrine of eternal ice.
Nazi thought excluded psychoanalysis, which has in fact been not
very helpful in explaining the etiology of great evil, although
Robert G.L. Waite's effort, quoted above and published in 1977 by
Basic Books, is good on several provocative subjects: Hitler's
sadomasochistic sex life; the possibility he had a Jewish
grandfather; and his Viennese mentors, who are described at greater
length by the authors about to be mentioned.
Nazism officially rejected the theory of relativity as "Jewish
science". Not only Freud but Einstein too was forced to flee
Hitler's Europe. He and other physicists eventually were able to
ensure that atomic secrets remained in the hands of the allies until
they could be used spectacularly to climax the Pacific war.
Horbiger's physics derived from an intuitive flash he experienced
late in the nineteenth century.
" As a young engineer," he wrote, "I
was watching one day some molten steel poured on wet ground covered
with snow: the ground exploded after some delay and with great
This conflict of opposites, of fire and ice, is a theme that
inspired Horbiger and resonated for German nationalists because it
recurs in the Icelandic Eddas, the sourcebooks of Teutonic
mythology. It all makes good sense in Iceland, since that island's
peculiar geology feature numerous volcanic rifts in the permafrost;
fire and ice are commonly juxtaposed all over the landscape. As
grounds for a cosmology- the word implies universality- it is at
best dubious. It would be a hard sell in Hawaii.
Nevertheless, Nazi science was influential out of all proportion to
its objective validity. Hoerbiger was immensely influential in the
Third Reich. His followers numbered in the tens of thousands. There
were scores of Horbigerian books, hundreds of Welteislehre
pamphlets, and a monthly magazine called The Key to World Events.
As one tract put it,
Nazi Roots in
Our Nordic ancestors grew strong amidst the ice and snow, and this
is why a belief in a world of ice is the natural heritage of Nordic
men. It was Austrian, Hitler, who drove out the Jewish politicians,
and another Austrian, Horbiger, (who) will drive out the Jewish
scientists. By his own example Hitler has shown that an amateur to
give us a thorough understanding of the Universe.
Hitler's fatal confidence in the success of his troops on the
Russian front during the 1941 - 2 winter is generally believed to
have been a result of his misplaced faith in Horbiger's weather
forecasts. Despite such setbacks, the Welteislehre managed to thrive
even after the war. The popular speculations of
derive in part from Horbiger. In 1953 a survey conducted by
Gardner showed that more than a million people in Germany, England,
and the U.S. believed that Horbiger was right6.
The Horbigerian cosmology posited an early epoch, some fifteen
million years ago, during which a hugh moon moved across the sky
very near the earth.
Its gravitational attraction gave rise to a
race of our ancestors, the giants. These giants, which appear in the
ancient Norse and Icelandic sagas, sleep, yet they are alive. To the
Nazis, they were Supermen. In one set of myths, contained in the Nibelungenlied, they lived beneath Teutonic mountains. In another
they were prototype Aryans from the East, inhabiting vast Tibetan
Three other books that investigate hidden influences on Gerald
Suster's Hitler: The Occult Messiah; Jean-Michel Angebert's
Occult and the Third Riech and Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke's The Occult
Roots of Nazism.
Suster's book largely rehashes Pauwels and Bergier. Angebert
(actually a pen name for two French writers) interestingly links
Hitler to an ancient dualist tradition he traces from Manichaenism
in Persia through the Essenes, Jesus's Palestinian forebears, to
the Cathars in the south of France in the Middle Ages. It's philosophy
in which, in its Nazi incarnation, solar forces of light represented
by blond, fair-skinned Aryans strive against the evil forces of
darkness, who are of course dark skinned Semites.
Both books, but especially Suster's are written in prose that stops
just this side of tabloid journalese. This is too bad for two
reasons. One, the authors diminish some important material by this
kind of presentation. Two, the lessons we have to learn about mass
psychopathology and about the history of fascism are too important
to be trivialized in this way.
Goodrick-Clark's is a serious and compelling historical look at
ariosophy, a dangerous amalgam of Aryan racism, pan-German
nationalism, and occultism that flourished in Austria and Germany
from around 1890 well into the era when Himmler's Death's Head SS
was organized. Himmler is said by Pauwels and Bergier to have taken
the Jesuits for his model, and to have installed a regular hierarchy
ranging from lay brothers to father superior, and to have used this
Black Order in horrific rites.8
The Occult Roots of Nazism identifies wide circle of proto-Nazi
philosophers, previously almost unknown, who saw in the chaos that
beset Germany after the Treaty of Versailles the working out of
ancient Aryan prophecies. Among them was Rudolf John Gorsleben, who
interesting career Goodrick-Clarke sums up in a sentence:
basis of the runes, occultism, and the Edda, Gorsleben created an
original racist mystery-religion which illuminated the priceless
magical heritage of the Aryans and justified their spiritual and
Gorsleben was active in right-wing politics in Bavaria in the years
Hitler was forming his political convictions there, and he lectured
to the Thule Society, a Munich club thought to have greatly
influenced Nazism in its infancy. He also edited a weekly newspaper
called German Freedom; in 1927 he changed the name to Aryan Freedom.
He derived the word 'race' from rata, an Old Norse term meaning
'root', in order to conclude that God and race were identical. He
maintained that racial mixing was always detrimental for the
racially superior partner, since his purity was debased in the
progeny, and he repeated the common volkisch [folkish] conviction
that woman could be 'impregnated' by intercourse, even when no
conception occurred, so that her subsequent offspring bore the
characteristics of her first lover.
Given these overwhelming
pressures towards the increasing bastardization of the German
descendants of the Aryan race, only the strict practice of
segregation and eugenics could guarantee the reversal of racial
contamination in the world.
Another book which hold that Hitler learned many of his occult
lesson from avatars in Vienna and Munich may well be the best known
black magical explanation of Nazism to have been put forth so far.
Trevor Ravenscroft's The Spear of Destiny was published by that
famous British house of occultism, the aptly named Neville Spearman
Ltd,.in 1972, and has since gone through many edition.
Ravenscroft is intriguing because instead of reporting historical
influences on Hitler, he presents secret history in a narrative form
that purports to be factual and that - if true maybe even if only
poetically "true" - goes a long way toward finding a convincing occult
explanation for the Nazi phenomenon.
Two challenges to Ravenscroft's facts, discussed below, have led
some readers to conclude his book is more nearly a novel than strict
history. Nonetheless, its provocative premise and fluent synthesis
of black magical thematics will keep it on occult booklists until a
better effort at explaining Hitler comes along.
Ravenscroft, a British journalist, historian, and World War II
commando officer, spent four years in Nazi prison camps after he was
captured attempting to assassinate General Erwin Rommel in North
Africa in 1941.
His personal perspective on the Hitler era is based
on material he says he got in a state of transcendent consciousness
while imprisoned. He introduces his methodology by speaking of: my
own experience of higher levels of consciousness whilst in a Nazi
Concentration Camp during the war, and how the nature of this
transcendent experience had guided me to a study of the Spear of Longinus and the legend of world destiny which had grown up around
Later, in London, his intuitive suspicions about certain grail
relics and their importance in occult Hitlerian history were
confirmed by a Viennese exile called Dr. Walter Johannes Stein who
died in 1957.
Dr. Stein spent much of the war as a British secret agent, but
before that time he was a scholar who employed white magical means
to clairvoyantly investigate historical events. It was his book on
the grail mythos published in Stuttgart in 1928 and titled The Ninth
Century: World History in the Light of the Holy Grail that attracted
Ravenscroft to him.
The Spear of Destiny focuses first on Hitler's lost years in Vienna
from 1909 to 1913. During that time, Ravenscroft writes, Dr. Stein
was pursuing his occult researches as a student at the University of
Vienna and getting to know Hitler, then a dropout living in a
Vienna was during Hitler's years there a vortex of modern thinking.
Freud was in practice at Berggasse; Ludwig Wittgenstein was in
residence pondering avant garde philosophy and metaphysics;
Mahler had returned home to die and to name his protégé, Arnold
Schonberg. In contrast there persisted the deep anti-Semitic
currents that had caused Mahler to convert to Catholicism, that
forced Freud eventually to flee to London and that informed the
ancient pan-German folkoric nostalgia espoused by Guido von List.
This old black magician, whose occult lodge Ravenscroft says
substituted the swastika for the cross in perversion and the
practice of medieval thaumaturgy, looked like a wizard in floppy cap
and long white beard. His link to Hitler was allegedly through an
occult bookseller, Ernst Pretzche, in whose shop the future Fuhrer
found a second home.
In the shop Dr. Stein found a copy of Wolfram von Eschenbach's Parzival, the medieval grail romance that Dr. Stein was himself
researching for his work on the ninth century.
In the book's margins
were handwritten annotations; looking them over Dr.Stein was
fascinated and repelled:
This was no ordinary commentary but the work of somebody who had
achieved more than a working knowledge of the black arts! The
unknown commentator had found the key to unveiling many of the
deepest secrets of the Grail, yet obviously spurned the Christian
ideals of the Knights and delighted in the devious machinations of
the Anti-Christ. It suddenly dawned on him that he was reading the
footnotes of Satan!
The footnotes, of course, proved to have been Hitler's. Soon
afterward, Dr. Stein and Hitler saw the Reich's lance together in the
Imperial Museum at the Hofburg. Dr. Stein had been there before and
had never failed to be moved by the sight of the old relic, supposed
to have been moved by the original spear with which the Roman
centurion, Longinus, pierced the side of Christ during the crucifixation.
Longinus was a German, and his "spear of destiny" was
fated to play a magical role in the careers of German leaders like
Charlemagne, Otto the Great, and Frederick Barbarossa. Dr. Stein
said the spear inspired in him the emotion expressed in the motto of
the knights of the holy grail: Durch Mitleid wissen, "through
compassion to self knowledge."
Then he glanced at Hitler:
Walter Stein found he was not the only one moved by the sight of
this historic spearhead. Adolph Hitler stood beside him, like a man
in a trance, a man over whom some dreadful magic spell had been
cast... The very space around him seemed enlivened with some subtle
irradiation, a kind of ghostly ectoplasmic light. His whole
physiognomy and stance appeared transformed as if some might Spirit
now inhabited his very soul, creating within and around him a kind
of evil transfiguration of its own nature and power.
Latter Hitler took Dr. Stein up the Danube to visit his mystic
teacher, a rustic woodcutter and herbalist named Hans Lodz,
retained in his peasant's blood the last traces of the atavistic
clairvoyance of the ancient Germanic tribes" and who "resembled a
mischievous yet malevolent dwarf from the pages of Grimm's Fairy
Tales or an illustration from a book on ancient Germanic
The men took a swim in the river at which Dr. Stein
noticed that Hitler had only one testicle.
It was Lodz, Dr.Stein learned, who had prepared for Hitler a peyote
concoction that afforded him psychedelic insight into his past
lives. The peyote itself had come from Pretzche, who had lived for a
time in the German colony in Mexico. Hitler had hoped that his
former existences, viewed in his drug trance, would include an early
incarnation as a powerful Teutonic ruler, but it was not to be.
Instead his psychedelic perception revealed non Eschenbach's
Parzival to have been prophetic of events that would take place a
thousand years after it was written, i.e. in the present. And it
showed Hitler to have been the historical personage behind the evil
sorcerer Klingsor, the very spirit of the anti-Christ and the
villain of Parzival.
According to Dr. Stein's work Klingsor was in fact Landulf II of
Capua, the traitorous confidant of the Holy Roman Emperor who
betrayed Christianity to the Moslem invaders of Italy and Spain.
Armed with the knowledge of his black spiritual ancestry,
Ravenscroft writes, Hitler moved to Germany, joined the Bavarian
Army, survived the hellish trench warfare on the western front, won
the Iron Cross, second class, and got discharged in Munich where he
encountered the men who were to invent National Socialism.
Virtually every study of Hitler's time in Munich mentions the Thule
Society as superficially a kind of Elk's Club of German mythology
which met often and openly at a fancy metropolitan hotel and for a
time counted Hitler as a member. Behind the scenes, however the
society seems to have been considerably more sinister.
Robert Payne whose excellent Hitler biography contains no occult
explanations, describes the Thule Society as the center of the right
wing opposition to the brief Bavarian postwar socialist coup under
the Jewish intellectual Kurt Eisner.
The reaction set in swiftly, as the extreme right gathered its
forces. The headquarters of the reaction was the Hotel
Vierjahreszeiten, where several floors were given over to the Thule
Society, ostensibly a literary club devoted to the study of Nordic
culture but in fact a secret political organization devoted to
violent anti-Semitism and rule by an aristocratic elite. The name of
the organization derived from ultima Thule, the unknown northern
land believed to be the original home of the German race.
The symbol of the Thule Society was a swastika with a dagger
enclosed in laurel leaves.
Most of the occult historians of the era believe the Thule Society
operated on a deeper level still, a level headed by a mysterious
figure called Dietrich Eckart. Goodrick-Clarke calls Eckart Hitler's
mentor in the early days of the Nazi Party, along with Rudolf Hess
and Alfred Rosenberg.18
According to Ravenscroft, Eckart, like Hitler, first achieved
transcendence through psychedelic drugs. Research on peyote by the
German pharmacologist Ludwig Lewin had been published in 1886,
leading to widespread popular experimentation. Later a heroin
addict, in earlier days Eckart used peyote in the practice on neo-pagan magic in Berlin. He came to believe that he, too was the
reincarnation of ninth century character. In his case it was Bernard
of Barcelona, a notorious betrayer of Christianity to the Arabs and
a black magician who used thaumaturgy to hold off Carolingian armies
Eckart assertedly organized Kurt EIsner's assassination and
personally chose Hitler-by then a battle-scarred veteran of the
horrors of trench warfare and a fervent critic of the armistice-to
lead the Aryan race back to supremacy.
Ravenscroft writes that Hitler had been prepared for satanic
initiation by his experiences in Vienna with peyote and with the
spear and by his mustard gassing in 1918, which left him blind and
in a state of enforced trance for several days.
He also says that the techniques Dietrich Eckart used were in part
derived from the sexual magic of
Aleister Crowley. In 1912 this
famed British magician was named IX British head of a secret Berlin
lodge called Ordo Templi Orientis which practiced various forms of
Ravenscroft writes "there can be little doubt" that both Crowley and
Eckart conducted deep studies of the Arabian astrological magic
performed by Klingsor's real life counterpart, Landulf II. It was to
Sicily - then a Moslem stronghold - that Landulf fled after his
traitorous links to Islam were disclosed. And it was in a dark tower
in the mountains of the southwest corner of that island that his
evil soul festered with additional bitterness over his castration by
the relatives of a noblewoman he had raped. There he practiced
sadistic satanism of a nature that foreshadowed the horrors of Nazi
If the legends that have come down from these dark centuries of
European history are true, these rituals carried out at Kalot
Enbolot included terrible tortures such as the slitting open of the
stomach of sacrificial victims and the slow drawing open of the
stomach of sacrificial victims and the slow drawing of their
entrails, the driving of stakes through the orifices of their bodies
before disembowelling them, and the invoking of Spirits of Darkness
(incubis) to rape young virgins kidnapped from their families.
It was from his studies of the power available to practitioners of
such perversities that Eckart devised the rituals he used when he,
"opened the centers of Adolf Hitler to give him a vision of and a
means of communication with the Powers."
though he declines to furnish the full details:
"Suffice it to say
that they were indescribably sadistic and ghastly."
Having done his worst, Eckart soon died, proudly advising those
Follow Hitler! he will dance, but it is I who have called the tune!
I have initiated him into the Secret Doctrine, opened his centers of
vision and given him the means to communicate with the Powers. Do
not mourn for me: I shall have influenced history more than any
Not unnaturally the question rises whether any of
The Spear of
Destiny is true. It's certainly a great story, one which Ravenscroft
elaborates with a lengthy investigation of Hitler's sex life, in
which he makes a case for associating the reports of the Fuehrer's
missing testis to the perversities resulting from Landulf's
The problem lies with Ravenscroft's primary source, Dr. Walter
Johannes Stein. And the problem with Dr.Stein is really two
problems: one his method of historical research: and two, the fact
that he is dead and unable to speak for himself.
Given his method, of course, this second problem should not be
insurmountable. Had we the technique, Dr. Stein could presumably
verify each of Ravenscroft's assertion for us from beyond the grave.
For Dr. Stein is alleged to have studied history not in the
libraries and archives that are the usual haunt of the historian but
in an arena called the Cosmic Chronicle where, according to
Ravenscroft, past present and future were united in a higher
dimension of time.
What's more Ravenscroft reveals in his introduction, Dr.Stein taught
the same techniques to him.
It is, however, undeniably difficult, if not unprecedented, to
footnote clairvoyance. We have to take on faith that the The Spear
of Destiny is what Dr.Stein told Ravenscroft. This is not to say
that all of his information came from the Cosmic Chronicle; Dr.
Stein as we have seen is purported to have been present in Vienna
during Hitler's lost years there. Nor did their close association
end in Austria. Ravenscroft says Dr. Stein "watched at close
quarters" the founding of the Nazi party and Hitler's association
with Eckart and other sinister mentors.
When Reichsfuehrer SS Heinrich Himmler ordered Dr.Stein's arrest in
Stuttgart in 1933 in order to press him into service with the SS
Occult Bureau, he escaped from Germany and brought with him to
Britain the most authoritative knowledge of the occultism of the
Nowhere does Ravenscroft made it clear whether he's talking about
eyewitness knowledge on Dr.Stein's part or about the sort of
information to be gleaned from the Cosmic Chronicle. But two critics
of the The Spear of Destiny do cast doubt on several of the factual
assertions upon the factual assertions upon which Ravenscroft's
argument is built.
One is Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke, whose book on the occult roots of
Nazism is quoted above. In an appendix called The Modern Mythology
of Nazi Occultism, Goodrick-Clarke takes Ravenscroft to task for the
story about Hitler's relations with the occult bookseller in Vienna
and for his claim that Guido Von List was forced to flee from
outraged Viennese Catholics in 1909 after the sexual rites of his
blood brotherhood were exposed. he writes flatly.
There is not a shred of evidence for such rituals. List was never
obliged to leave Vienna and he enjoyed the patronage of prominent
Vienna figures...The fictional nature of the whole episode
surrounding the annotated copy of copy of Parzival is suggested by
the similarity of Pretzsche's obscure bookshop to the one described
by Sir Edward Bulwer-Lytton in Zanoni, (1842), which probably served
Ravenscroft as a literary model.
Goodrick-Clarke also criticizes Jean Michael Angebert's book, The
Occult and the Third Reich, cited above. He brands as imaginary Angebert's account of the young Hitler's association with Lanz von
As noted earlier, Goodrick-Clarke's book is an important and serious
piece of research on Guido von List and Lanz von Lievenfels. But the
author seems a little over-sensitive toward other writers who invoke
his two subjects. Nevertheless, his critique of Angebert and
Ravenscroft, though brief, does offer a glimpse of the misgivings
that professional historians feel regarding such material.
More extensive criticisms have been offered by Christoph Lindenberg
in his review of The Spear of Destiny in the German journal
Die Drie. Lindenberg has done some effective digging at the Vienna
Records office. Ravenscroft has Hitler sitting high up in the cheap
seats of the Vienna Opera House in the winter of 1910 - 1 watching
Wagner's Parzifal and sympathizing with Klingsor. This proves to
have been impossible, because Lindenberg learned that the first
performance of Wagner's opera took place three years later, on
Ravenscroft's second mistake was to name the Viennese bookseller who
introduced Hitler to drugs. "No better name occurred to him than
Pretsche, popular among English writers of fiction for German
malefactors," Lindenberg writes scornfully before revealing that
extensive checks of Vienna city and business directories and police
records for the years 1892 through 1920 were negative for the name
Next, Lindenberg takes issue with Ravenscroft's description of the
Danube trip Hitler and Dr. Stein took in May 1913, to visit the
mystic woodcutter, Hands Lodz:
We can overlook Ravenscroft's mistake of speaking of "Wachau" as a
place and not of the region which really it is. But the details do
not fit: the snow melting in May, the steamer running in spite of
the floods, bathing in the river - it makes no sense. Certainly wrong
is the statement that Hitler had only one testicle... all this has
been completely refuted by Werner Maser.
Ravenscroft's account of Hitler's circumstances in Vienna also come
in for some heavy criticism.
Dr. Stein reportedly sat in a window
seat in Demel's Cafe, reading the anonymous marginalia in the copy
of Parzival he'd found and concluding they were "the footnotes of
Satan" when he looked through the glass and beheld,
arrogant face and demonical eyes he had ever seen".
This was of
course the future Fuehrer in his legendary guise as an impoverished
pavement artist, selling homemade postcards, dressed in a big black
"sleazy" coat, his toes visible through the cracks in his shoes.
When in August, 1912, he sought Hitler out at the "flophouse" he
lived in, in Meldemannstrasse, he was told Hitler was away at
Spittal-an-der-Drau collecting a legacy left him by an aunt.
Thereafter, Hitler dressed well.
Hitler did receive a legacy from his aunt, Johanna Poelzl,
Lindenberg reports. But this happens in March, 1911, and the aunt
lived in Spital-with-one-t, not on the Drau but in southern Austria.
At no time of life did Hitler live in impoverished conditions,
rather he had always sufficient money. In the Meldenmannstrasse, a
kind of large hotel, Hitler paid a rent of 15 Kronen a month. So he
could afford a fairly expensive room and had no need to sell his
pictures, which in any case were no postcards. So this scene too,
that impoverished Hitler dressed in an oversized black coat selling
water colors in front of the Cafe Dehmel does not agree with the
facts either (cf. the two works by Werner Maser who with incredible
care collected all ascertained facts of Hitler's youth).
In his discussion of the holy lance's power to evoke transcendent
experience, Ravenscroft has a scene in which the chief of the German
general staff, Helmut von Moltke, visited the relic in the company
of Conrad von Hoetzendorf, an Austrian general, shortly before the
outbreak of World War I. The spear's presence led von Moltke to have
a trance vision of himself incarnated as Pope Nicolas I, a ninth
century pontiff concerned, like von Moltke, with the balance of
geopolitical power between east and west.
Untrue protests Lindenberg.
"For Moltke visited Vienna neither in
1913 nor in 1914. Conrad and Moltke met on May 12, 1914 at Karlsbad,
from September 7 - 10, 1913, in Silesia, and at Leipzig on October
18 at the Centenary of the Battle of Leipzig. They had no other
Lindenberg has several other criticisms to make, such as the
"A number of people who intimately knew Walter
Johannes Stein in the last years of his life state that Stein never
Unfortunately Ravenscroft's aversion to footnotes has
also afflicted his critic, and Lindenberg nowhere names these people
nor does he document his other assertions.
Lindenberg doesn't like Ravenscroft's book; he calls it " a
pollution of our spiritual environment." And it is manifestly
difficult for him or anyone to rebut research done on the cosmic
What, in the end, was Hitler all about?
Perhaps no better
explanation can be found than W.H. Auden's suggestions, made in his
poem "September 1,1939" and printed as an epigram to
The date is the beginning of Hitler's Blitzkrieg
Accurate scholarship can
Unearth the whole offence
From Luther until
That has driven a culture mad,
Find what occurred at Linz,
huge imago made
A psychopathic god:
I and the public know
Those to whom evil is done
Do evil in return.
Walter Stein, a native of Venice and an British intelligence agent,
spent many years studying the occult in Germany during the 1920s and
30s. There he became well acquainted with a fellow student of the
arcane arts, Adolph Hitler. Stein followed Hitler's occult
involvement very closely, schooled himself from the same texts.
Hence, Stein became the world's foremost authority on Nazi Occult
activity outside of the party itself.
Stein soon became frantic over developments in Germany. Hitler's
rise to power coincided directly with his initiation into The Secret
Doctrine, a gathering of the most elite and powerful Mages in the
world. Further, the core of the Nazi party leadership w as dominated
by powerful occultists. Stein realized that although they had studied
occultism together, Hitler had traveled down the shadowed path of
dark magic. Stein knew that Hitler's admission into The Doctrine
could be disastrous for all those who opposed him. With this power
and a cadre of dark mystics, Nazi Germany had a secret weapon the
Allied forces would be ill-prepared to meet.
The Nazi mystics sensed Walter Stein's presence, and in 1933 he fled
to England, narrowly escaping forced service into Germany's Nazi
Occult Bureau. Upon arriving in England, Stein warned Winston
Churchill of the impending danger posed by Hitler's indoctrination.
It was clear that action must be taken to either quell Nazi progress
in matters Arcane or find a way to match it.
Stein had further grim
news, however. Stein had uncovered evidence while spying on the
Nazis that Hitler's English intelligence network was alarmingly
extensive There was little chance of an English counter-occult
program remaining hidden from Nazi spies. Churchill had no choice
but to contact President Roosevelt and ask the Americans for help.
Churchill arranged a meeting between the crippled President and
Roosevelt was skeptical, but decided to leave no stone unturned in
his efforts to defeat the Nazis. Less than a week after Walter
Stein's meeting with Roosevelt, one of the President's most trusted
advisors was placed at his disposal. Stein was charged with the
creation of an organization whose purpose was to monitor and analyze
Nazi Occult activity. Most importantly, the group was to devise
counter-measures in the event that mundane firepower alone could not
This group became known among it's participants as
Watch. The Watch was an eclectic collection of individuals whose
only common thread was power and influence. Stein was the group's
unofficial leader. Roosevelt's advisor acted as the president's
proxy. Eleven other members brought the total to thirteen.
the original thirteen were high-ranking Military Intelligence
officers or scientists, the most notable exceptions being a
Catholic Arch bishop and a powerful and respected U.S. Senator. FDR
kept the existence of The Watch completely secret, even from the
American government and military, to avoid the inevitable public
backlash in the event that government-sanction ed occult research
ever be uncovered.
Despite the doubts of President Roosevelt, over the next decade
The Watch was consistently and horrifyingly successful. Only
unshaken by discoveries that threatened the sanity of the other
members of The Watch. The conspirators used their authority and
positions to fund and conduct research into the occult, gradually
expanding to all areas of paranormal and psychic investigation.
accomplishments of The Watch's occult and psychic research allowed
them to undertake several successful missions that kept the Axis
occult power in check. The Watch's wartime operations included the
assassination, by both mundane and arcane means, of several leading
Nazi occultists and the recovery of certain artifacts of mystical
significance, including the famed Spear of Destiny. By 1945,
Watch had become extremely powerful organization , and yet remained
completely hidden from the world.
The end of the World War II was in large part due to the success of
The Watch's endeavors in destroying Nazi occult power.
success also meant the loss of the primary impetus for the Watch's
activities. As usual with any powerful and motivate d group,
however, The Watch soon found another Focus. From the debriefing of
Axis scientists and review of German military records, the
conspirators learned that accounts by Allied airmen of mysterious
German experimental aircraft, dubbed "Foo Fighters", were erroneous.
Axis command records revealed that Luftwaffe pilots reported
identical craft, and assumed them to be Allied experimental
aircraft. This evidence, coupled with similar reports uncovered from
accounts during World War I and earlier, convinced the Watch that
the phenomena of Unidentified Flying Objects deserved attention and
investigation. While continuing its occult and parapsychology
research, The Watch redirected a large part of its manpower and
resources toward the study of UFOs and their possible source. It
would not have long to wait for answers.
UFO sightings had become more frequent. The U. S.
government and military decided to institute new programs
to discretely investigate these strange phenomenon.
investigations, unseen, was The Watch.