Now almost forgotten, the decade of the "Seventies" was a time of immense political upheaval, dirty tricks and incessant rumors of right-wing military Coup d'états in leading western democracies.
Amongst the long list of resulting casualties of this "decade of tension" were:
The more southern flanks of NATO’s European axis:
...converted rumour into chilling fact
via the steel-blue glaze of gun-barrels. Italy, home of
Pizza, the Pope, and Propaganda Due (P2) came in for its own brand
of political fixit, courtesy of Uncle Sam’s very own CIA.
Among them were Britain’s Iron Lady, Margaret
Thatcher - Madonna of the Armaments industry - and America’s
less brittle, and considerably less acute, Ronald Reagan -
humble originator of the mega-tax-buck-swallowing SDI "Star Wars"
programme and also, thus, a valued friend of the boys at Guns R
Known more simply
as "Le Cercle" it is recognized as a more clandestine sister
organization to the already very secretive
Bilderberg Group - a
"behind-the-scenes ‘invisible’ influence" network.
Each of these three luminaries of the international power network
are, in addition to the foregoing, influential members of
The Trilateral Commission and the
Council for Foreign Relations as
well as being regular attendees at Britain’s "Chatham House" -
The Royal Institute of International Studies - shadowy twin to
Author Stephen Dorrill also believes there are serpentine
inter-connections between Le Cercle and the Gladio network,
a "stay-behind anti communist" military guerrilla force set up by
NATO’s Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE)
during the "fifties", that was largely composed of ex Nazi’s.
The latter is an important link to the overt "influence" organizations cited above and almost certainly focuses its efforts on the broader political issues, being careful to keep well-away from "direct actions". Le Cercle has a much more "hands on" role. Interestingly, its membership is more heavily composed of serving or former members of various Intelligence Services, senior military officers as well as politicians, bankers and VIP’s with right wing connections.
The "Cercle" was unknown until 1500
internal documents of the rightist (and Le Cercle funded)
Institute for the Study of Conflict, were leaked to Time Out
Magazine in 1975. Subsequently the documents have gone
missing. At the time ISC was headed by CIA agent and "Cercle"
Chairman, Brian Crozier who was heavily involved in another
covert action group known simply as "The 61."
In a fit of depression, Langemann blew the whistle on a number of alarming and sinister conspiracies to the left wing German glossy magazine Kronket. Soon the story was picked up by Der Spiegel who featured it.
One of Langemann’s more sensational reports, dated 1979, stated:
In another secret memorandum dated 8th November 1979 and addressed "Personal for the state minister only", Langemann notes that "Crozier worked with the CIA for years." He concludes, therefore "that they are fully aware of his activities" and goes on to observe that Crozier,
Further on he advises that Crozier, together with,
Additional subjects covered in the Langemann papers include the,
The plans also called for "provision of contributions by certain well-known journalists in Britain, the US and other countries" and the organization of "public demonstrations in particular areas on themes to be decided and selected."
The Cercle and their Chairman, Crozier (left), clearly had lined-up a whole strategy of political "actions" that were not only known about, but approved by the western intelligence community, in additional to leading political figures including Prime Minister Thatcher and Presidential candidate Reagan.
In his autobiography Crozier regales us with his repeat visits to the White House to meet senior administration figures. In 1980 he flew to California to meet Reagan and "brief him" on his network and to offer his services when he became President.
Crozier stayed in close touch during the
election with William Casey, Reagan’s campaign chief, later
appointed DCI of the Central Intelligence Agency. After
Reagan’s election victory he appointed Californian friend,
William A. Wilson, to act as a his liaison with the Cercle
and the related 61 group.
Many of these are funded fully or in part by the American Central Intelligence Agency. Members have included
This list is by no means complete.
In the event Strauss was defeated, due, it is believe to effective counter-measures taken by Germany’s security and intelligence apparatus, the BND and BfV, who’s "operational chiefs do not follow his political lines." However, despite this set-back, other projects were more successful.
During the "Cercle’s" meeting held on 28-29th June 1980 in Zurich, Switzerland, discussions were focused around,
Elliott reported that in this
context positive contact had been made with George Bush as
He goes on to list a number of known "destabilization" programs that the Cercle are known, or believed, to have been involved:
Additional Cercle targets may have been Olaf Palme, Sweden’s Prime Minister.
In 1987 the leading Swedish newspaper Dagens Nyheter carried a sensational story that the 03 section of the Swedish intelligence service, SAPO, were heavily involved in Palme’s assassination, following their fury at his policy of détente towards the Soviet Union, and possibly fearful that he may discover the extent of their implication in arms sales to Iran. Other "direct actions" possibly include a Coup d’etat in Belgium during 1973, "planned by gendarmerie officers and extreme right-wing groups."
By no means least were the allegations
by France’s leading daily, Le Monde, which in 1978 revealed
the activities of Circle member and head of the intelligence
service SDECE, Alexandre de Marenches. Le Monde
claimed that de Marenches led a domestic campaign of terrorism and
disinformation. It is fairly apparent that these activities were,
"designedly", to keep Francois Mitterand from office during
the 1974 elections. However, with the exception of the Langemann
papers, and an ISC memo published in Lobster 17, there are no
other Cercle documents available to confirm these allegations.
Characteristically, Ball, one time Senior Managing Director of the enormous Wall Street international investment bank, Lehman Brothers, and Under Secretary of State (1961-66) was a member of the Trilateral Commission; on the steering committee of the Bilderberg Group and a member of the Council for Foreign Relations.
His association with the WISC mark him as a close friend of the Cercle. Others members of the WISC committee were Zgigniew Brzezinski and Kermit …
Four years later, in 1979, Maurice Tugwell, former head of Information Policy, a black propaganda unit set-up by British military intelligence in Northern Ireland, formed the Canadian Centre for Conflict Studies. CCS largely operates on contract work for the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), the Canadian Dept. of National Defence plus others. We have seen that one aim of the Cercle was to aid in the election of President Reagan.
Presumably they can
also cite this aim as being "accomplished"? Their close connection
to George Bush may have extended to helping in his drive to
election victory also. Canada also veered sharply to the right
during the eighties.
It is also abundantly obvious that the Cercle’s
primary influence resided in its top level connections to the
shadowy intelligence apparatus of the west. At the same time it
possessed serious clout inside the sinews of transatlantic power
that repose in the Council for Foreign Relations, the
Royal Institute of International Affairs, the Trilateral
Commission and the Bilderberg Group.
That a small handful of
influential men across the planet may be able to manipulate "free"
elections to suit their personal and ideological advantage, is not a
new concept. Generally, utterances of this sort are met by the
blanket rejection: "conspiracist theory" and discarded out of hand.
Such rebuffs rarely take into account the underlying evidence,
fragmentary as it is. Perhaps they are not meant to?
Attendees at the 1990 Cercle meeting at the sumptuous Al Bustan hotel, Muscat, in Oman, included
Significantly, Alan Clarke
revealed in his hugely successful "Diaries" that the
Cercle was funded by the Central Intelligence Agency.
To understand what this may be one must look further ahead. An increasing international focus are the calls for "minimalist" government. This has always been a central plank of laissez faire economics. Deregulation and the freeing of government imposed constraints on international business to engage in activities as it sees fit, is a long-term and obvious objective.
history is any judge, the attainment of this singular goal may usher
in a new dark age of unrestrained capitalism, coordinated by the
gargantuan trans national corporations - all of whom are heavily
represented on the membership rolls of the CRF, the
Trilats, RIIA, Bilderbergers etc.