Argentina is playing hardball with the vulture funds, which have been trying to force it into an involuntary bankruptcy.
The vultures are demanding what amounts to a 600% return on bonds bought for pennies on the dollar, defeating a 2005 settlement in which 92% of creditors agreed to accept a 70% haircut on their bonds.
A U.S. court has backed the vulture funds; but last week, Argentina sidestepped its jurisdiction by transferring the trustee for payment from Bank of New York Mellon to its own central bank.
That play, if approved by the Argentine Congress, will allow the country to continue making payments under its 2005 settlement, avoiding default on the majority of its bonds.
Argentina is already foreclosed from international capital markets, so it doesn't have much to lose by thwarting the U.S. court system. Similar bold moves by Ecuador and Iceland have left those countries in substantially better shape than Greece, which went along with the agendas of the international financiers.
The upside for Argentina was captured by President Cristina Fernandez in a nationwide speech on August 19th.
Struggling to hold back tears, according to Bloomberg, she said:
The Endgame - Patagonia in the Crosshairs
The deeper implications of that infernal debt cycle were explored by Argentine political analyst Adrian Salbuchi in an August 12th article titled "Sovereign Debt for Territory - A New Global Elite Swap Strategy."
Where territories were once captured by military might, he maintains that today they are being annexed by debt. The still-evolving plan is to drive destitute nations into an international bankruptcy court whose decisions would have the force of law throughout the world.
The court could then do with whole countries what U.S. bankruptcy courts do with businesses:
Sovereign territories could be acquired as the spoils of bankruptcy without a shot being fired.
Global financiers and interlocking mega-corporations are increasingly supplanting governments on the international stage. An international bankruptcy court would be one more institution making that takeover legally binding and enforceable.
Governments can say no to the strong-arm tactics of the global bankers' collection agency, the IMF. An international bankruptcy court would allow creditors to force a nation into bankruptcy, where territories could be involuntarily sold off in the same way that assets of bankrupt corporations are.
For Argentina, says Salbuchi, the likely prize is its very rich Patagonia region, long a favorite settlement target for ex-pats.
When Argentina suffered a massive default in 2001, the global press, including Time and The New York Times, went so far as to propose that Patagonia be ceded from the country as a defaulted debt payment mechanism.
The New York Times article followed one published in the Buenos Aires financial newspaper El Cronista Comercial called "Debt for Territory," which described a proposal by a U.S. consultant to then-president Eduardo Duhalde for swapping public debt for government land.
Salbuchi notes that ceding Patagonia from Argentina was first suggested in 1896 by Theodor Herzl, founder of the Zionist movement, as a second settlement for that movement.
Another article published in 2002 was one by IMF deputy manager Anne Krueger titled "Should Countries Like Argentina Be Able to Declare Themselves Bankrupt?"
It was posted on the IMF website and proposed some "new and creative ideas" on what to do about Argentina.
These ideas were developed in greater detail by Ms. Krueger in an IMF essay titled "A New Approach to Debt Restructuring," and by Harvard professor Richard N. Cooper in a 2002 article titled "Chapter 11 for Countries" published in Foreign Affairs ("mouthpiece of the powerful New York-Based Elite think-tank, Council on Foreign Relations").
In Argentina's recent tangle with the vulture funds, Ms. Krueger and the mainstream media have come out in apparent defense of Argentina, recommending restraint by the U.S. court.
But according to Salbuchi, this does not represent a change in policy.
Rather, the concern is that overly heavy-handed treatment may kill the golden goose:
Breaking Free from the Sovereign Debt Trap
Salbuchi traces Argentina's debt crisis back to 1955, when President Juan Domingo Perón was ousted in a very bloody U.S./UK/mega-bank-sponsored military coup:
Many countries have been subjected to similar treatment, as John Perkins documents in his blockbuster exposé Confessions of an Economic Hit Man.
When the country cannot pay, the IMF sweeps in with refinancing agreements with strings attached, including selling off public assets and slashing public services in order to divert government revenues into foreign debt service.
Even without pressure from economic hit men, however, governments routinely indebt themselves for much more than they can ever hope to repay.
Why do they do it?
Neoliberal experts shout back that government-created money devalues the currency, inflates the money supply, and destroys economies.
But does it? Or is it the debt service on money created privately by banks, along with other forms of "rent" on capital, that create inflation and destroy economies?
As Prof. Michael Hudson points out:
Spiraling debt also results in price inflation, since businesses have to raise their prices to cover the interest and fees on the debt.
From Sovereign Debt to Monetary Sovereignty
For governments to escape this austerity trap, they need to spend not less but more money on the tangible capital formation that increases physical productivity.
The common-sense response, as Salbuchi observes, is for governments to issue the money they need directly.
But "printing money" raises outcries that can be difficult to overcome politically.
An alternative that can have virtually the same effect is for nations to borrow money issued by their own publicly-owned banks. Public banks generate credit just as private banks do; but unlike private lenders, they return interest and profits to the economy.
Their mandate is to serve the public, and that is where their profits go.
Funding through their own government-issued currencies and publicly-owned banks has been successfully pursued by many countries historically, including:
(For more on this, see The Public Bank Solution.)
Countries do need to be able to buy foreign products that they cannot acquire or produce domestically, and for that they need a form of currency or an international credit line that other nations will accept.
But countries are increasingly breaking away from the oil- and weapons-backed U.S. dollar as global reserve currency. To resolve the mutually-destructive currency wars will probably take a new Bretton Woods Accord.
But that is another subject for a later article.