Appendix B



Researching and reporting this book presented me with a number of unique challenges. First, the Carlyle Group has a very obvious fear of publicity and, as a result, declined to be interviewed for the project. The company went a step further and notified many of their friends, former colleagues, and business partners, if contacted, not to cooperate with the author. Some of them respected the wishes of the folks at Carlyle, some of them did not, and some just fell between the cracks.


But with the exception of a brave few, most notably Stephen Norris, almost all of the sources that still had direct contact with Carlyle either declined to be interviewed or would do so only if their identities remained anonymous. There is a very real fear of retribution out there. All quotations are either from those that said them or from those that overheard the words being spoken, unless otherwise attributed to a newspaper or magazine article. I would like to thank Tim Shorrock for his work with The Nation, Michael Lewis for his work in New Republic, and Leslie Wayne for her work in the New York Times.


And I would have been lost without the work of dozens of journalists from the Washington Post, which witnessed and chronicled the birth and rise of the Carlyle Group, understanding its impact and import every step of the way. I would also like to thank Harper’s Magazine, the Houston Chronicle, and Jeffrey Toobin, the author of Too Close To Call: The Thirty-Six Day Battle to Decide the 2000 Election, from which I gained all of my knowledge of the events that took place in Florida following the 2000 election.


In addition, I would like to thank my editors at Red Herring, particularly Duff McDonald, Blaise Zerega, and Jason Pontin. I would also like to thank my editor at John Wiley & Sons, Jeanne Glasser, for believing in this project.

And most importantly, thank you to my family, friends, and especially my wife Michelle, without whom I would not have been able to complete the task at hand, or any other task for that matter.

D. B.
Brooklyn, New York

January 2003

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