The following Q & A are extracted from "The Marcos Legacy Revisted - Raiders of the Lost Gold, by Erick A. San Juan,  published in 1998 in Makati City, Philippines. 


This Q & A is with Erick A. San Juan a prominent civic leader, political activist (anti-Communist advocate), author, journalist & weekly contributor to newspapers & Philippine radio.

Q. From your direct knowledge, what events or conversations with certain personalities indicated foreign complicity in the EDSA Revolution and its connection to the Marcos gold? Who were the gainers and why?

A. During the latter stages of the Marcos regime, I came to be friends with James Brandon Foley* [Note: I am constrained to break my pledge to preserve the anonymity of my sources because without any attribution to an authoritative source, this revelation will be nothing but hearsay. My apologies. I sincerely hope he will understand, given the situation I am in and the position I have taken.] a political officer (another term for CIA agents at that time) of the U.S. Embassy. We used to go out and date several women, sometimes to discos, and the like. Our favorite hang-out was the Hyatt Regency. In between socials, Jim and I would engage in frequent brain-storming at his private apartment at the Seafront. On one particular night, he disclosed to me that there was a secret operation plan to oust Marcos, and that men like Jose Concepcion of RFM and the Ayalas were being used as conduits to access the smooth flow of funds to finally bring an end to the Marcos authoritarian government.

Jim likewise mentioned the involvement of Cardinal Jaime Sin, whose role was to draw a large crowd of supporters and sympathizers in the event that a blocking force was needed. Sin is an expert in the Antonio Gramsci-type of Marxism. This was confirmed by Dr. John Coleman in his expose 'The Violation of the Christian Church,' where he stated that Sin's Radio Veritas 'speaks out Communist propaganda in 13 languages all throughout Asia,' using Liberation Theology to destroy the moral fiber of the large number of Catholics. Sin believes in the Marxist principle that 'Religion is the opium of the masses.' He exploited this tactic to the hilt and succeeded in what is now called 'people power' mass action. As acknowledged by Coleman, 'Cardinal Sin of the Philippines worked diligently to overthrow the government of President Marcos. He was ably assisted by a former executive of the World Council of Churches, Jovito Salonga. Salonga was brought back to the Philippines under escort of the U.S. State Department.' (CDC Report, October 1988)

In Coleman's estimation, Salonga was to take Mrs. Aquino and this Protestant 'will cut a deal with the Marxist New People's Army (NPA).' Although this did not materialize because of Salonga's poor health, Coleman was still partly correct. Another fellow Protestant filled in his shoes (Fidel V. Ramos) and has quite successfully negotiated peace with the Communists!

Q. What events preceding Marcos' announcement of the snap election proved that he was under American pressure? Why do you think he acceded to the 'request?'

A. Everything really hinged on the Marcos gold bars. The Trilateral Commission, through its chairman David Rockefeller, and member George Schultz, were convinced that they had been conned by President Marcos. This being so, the Trilateralists did everything to pressure him, to destabilize his one-man rule, cut his source of funding, and even blackmail him (the Dovie Beams affair). A part of the globalists' notorious activities were documented by David Smith of the U.S. based Newswatch magazine, in August 1987: 'Representatives from Indonesia and the Philippines went to Jonathan May  (ex-World Bank head) and stated that agents from the Chase Manhattan Bank and other banks said they would 'forgive' the loans and interests if the following were met:

(1) Eliminate their National Currency;
(2) Dollar-denominate their new money system;
(3) Use a debit card system instead of a currency system;
(4) Give the bankers perpetual rights over all natural resources.

Ferdinand Marcos of the Philippines refused to accept and was deposed very shortly thereafter.'

Marcos eventually gave in to the globalists' proposal for a snap election, using veteran 'ambush interview' expert Ted Koppel of CBS. Clever as he was, Marcos did not reveal to the Americans that prior to his interview with Koppel, he had already conducted a secret survey of the electorate. Despite the adverse media hype launched against him, Marcos was confident of a re-election.

However, Jim Foley (who was later transferred to Algiers), disclosed that the real agenda was not the snap election; rather, it was to persuade Marcos to sign a document attesting to the fact that his gold bars and other precious metals deposited at Fort Knox and other depositories of the world would be under the guardianship of the Trilateral Commission, and a certain percentage would be given to the Philippine Government in the form of an investment loan from the World Bank.

The document was subsequently hand-carried by. U.S. Ambassador-at-Large Phillip Habib, which Marcos refused to sign. The Filipino head of state felt that the war loot (which was remolded into gold bars bearing the Central Bank seal) must be given to the Filipino people.

Q. How was the American's influence exerted during the snap election? Was there American involvement in the walkout of the computer workers?

A. First, there was the barrage of disinformation launched by Newsweek, Time and other publications regarding the illicit love affairs of both Marcos and the First Lady (e.g., George Hamilton), the incurable ailment of the President, and the public confidence in Namfrel and distrust in the Comelec. Then came the walk-out of the computer workers at the PICC. These were all part of the U.S. scenario during the snap election.

Most of the computer workers were promised visas and immigrant status to the U.S. Some of them, I understand, took advantage of this rare opportunity.

Q. Did any of your contacts know about the outbreak of the mutiny at EDSA?

A. Both Jim Foley and Norbert Garrett, CIA Station Chief, U.S Embassy, predicted a bloody confrontation in the event that Marcos stubbornly decided to stay in Malacanang. The Presidents only saving grace was the signing of the document brought by Habib.

Q. Who were pressuring Marcos to give in and leave? Is there any, credible evidence that this happened?

A. The pressures came from both U.S. and Philippine sources. On the American side, there was Philip Habib. He was joined by U.S. Ambassador to the Philippines, Stephen Bosworth, Richard Armitage, Michael Armacost, Rep. Stephen Solarz, Norbert Garrett (CIA Station Chief in Manila), and Joseph Mussomelli (Anti-Fraud Section, U.S. Embassy). Senator Paul Laxalt as you probably know, was the guy who spoke to Marcos on the phone and told him to 'cut and cut cleanly.' Lines to Washington were kept busy by calls coming in from Lawrence Eagleburger and Henry Kissinger. Later on, I was told that operating funds came in from Maurice 'Hank' Greenberg, through dollar grants from the C.V. Starr Foundation of New York. Greenberg is a powerful member of the B'nai B'rith. Others like Higdon, Brzezinski and Generals Pike and Allen of JUSMAG also formed part of the American initiative to oust Marcos.

On the Philippine side were assets like Joe Concepcion, Jobo Fernandez, Cesar Zalamea, Jaime Ongpin, and Alex Melchor. Journalists, likewise, were used for their media hype.

Q. Could you elaborate more on Habib's role in the events that followed?

A. As I have earlier stated, Habib was sent by the Trilateralists to the Philippines to pressure Marcos into signing the document prepared in the U.S. It contained provisions of equal sharing of the gold bars among different countries (through their banker's in the Commission), transshipped by Marcos to Fort Knox and other depositories under a top secret operation plan coded 'Tuna Highway.' Initially, Marcos was supported by the Commission to implement martial law in l972, and was even provided with a martial plan. Along with it came a minting plant, installed at the Central Bank premises by Thomas de la Rue Ltd. of London, and a smelting plant with which to convert the war booty into new gold bars. The plan was executed by trusted generals of Marcos who diverted some portions of the shipment to other destinations aside from Fort Knox. This was covered by a prescription period (November 1945 to November 1985) in accordance with international law. After this 40-year period, it was to be declared 'finders keepers.' Some countries who felt conned by these agreements pursued their claim at the International Court of Justice, to mature in 2005.

Had Marcos chosen to sign the document, he would have remained President for life. In the process, he would have received the distinction of being 'the best President we ever had.' In addition, the Philippines' share could have paid our external debt of, at that time, $24 Billion, plus a comprehensive Marshall Plan for industrialization. (To date, our external debt has zoomed up to $47 Billion, according to the latest BSFI figures.) Instead, he chose the hard way, and very badly miscalculated. He wanted to regroup his forces in the North, but was flown to Hawaii instead.

Q. Were there contacts between the Military camps and the embassy and/or Washington during the four days at EDSA?

A. Definitely. It has always been standard operating procedure for our military officials to 'keep the line open' between them and the defense attaches of the U.S. Embassy. Most of out top ranking officers have been nurtured in U.S. military schools. Some were even granted immigrant status in the U.S. while serving the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP). Their families were granted entry to the exclusive clubs of the American government such as JUSMAG, Seafront, Clark Air Base, Subic Base, Camp John Hay, etc. There they could avail of clubhouse facilities, golf courses and other amenities.

After EDSA, most of the renegade Marcos generals migrated to the U.S. These are the ones who never resisted the Aquino-Ramos-Enrile-Sin forces.

Q. Why didn't Marcos move during the first hours of the mutiny when there were very few people around the camps?

A. Marcos was sternly warned not to harm the people at EDSA, Otherwise, Malacanang would be targeted by the U.S. military sources. Thus, Marcos took the backseat and relied on the group of then Col. Rolando Abadilla to finish the job for him. You see, Abadilla's elite force from the MISG (Military Intelligence and Security Group), together with a SWAT team, successfully penetrated Camp Crame, disguised as Ramos supporters. As soon as Marcos was confronted about this by his Chief-of-Staff, General Fabian Ver, the president simply advised the latter to relax, as Abadilla was in the process of arresting Defense Secretary Juan Ponce Enrile and his cousin, Fidel Ramos, whom the president underestimated as a gutless individual. Marcos never imagined that Abadilla would have a change of heart. Abadilla was the prime suspect as the chief operator of Ninoy's death at the tarmac.

Q. How do you connect Cardinal Sin with the American plan?

A. Cory Aquino was instructed by Cardinal Sin to seek refuge in a Cebu convent. As the fireworks were about to start, Cory was to install her revolutionary government in Davao with the assistance of the RAM forces and her NFIA sympathizers. This alternate plan vas likewise designed by the CIA, with Col. Voltaire Gazmin given the role of securing Cory in Cebu.

This plan was totally discarded when Marcos peacefully left the Philippines, due to the insistence of Cardinal Sin, who was backed up all the way by the Vatican and the U.S. State Department. Cory ended up being the sole titular head.

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