(CBS) There are secrets that
George W. Bush guards at least
as carefully as any entrusted to a president. He's forbidden to
share these secrets even with the vice president - secrets he has
held ever since his days as an undergraduate at Yale.
In his senior year, Mr. Bush - like his father
and his grandfather - belonged to Skull and Bones, an elite secret
society that includes some of the most powerful men of the 20th century.
All Bonesmen, as they're called, are forbidden to reveal what goes on
in their inner sanctum, the windowless building on the Yale campus that is
called "The Tomb."
There are conspiracy theorists who see Skull and Bones behind
everything that goes wrong, and occasionally even right in the world.
Apart from presidents, Bones has included cabinet officers, spies, Supreme
Court justices, statesmen and captains of industry - and often their sons,
and lately their daughters, too.
It's a social and political network like no other. And they've responded to
outsiders with utter silence - until an enterprising Yale graduate,
Alexandra Robbins, managed to penetrate the wall of silence in her book,
of the Tomb."
Correspondent Morley Safer reports.
"I spoke with about 100 members of Skull and
Bones and they were members who were tired of the secrecy, and that's
why they were willing to talk to me," says Robbins. "But probably twice
that number hung up on me, harassed me, or threatened me."
Secret or not, Skull and Bones is as essential
to Yale as the Whiffenpoofs, the tables down at a pub called Mory's, and the
Yale mascot - that ever-slobbering bulldog.
Skull and Bones, with all its ritual and macabre relics, was founded in 1832
as a new world version of secret student societies that were common in
Germany at the time. Since then, it has chosen or "tapped" only 15 senior
students a year who become patriarchs when they graduate - lifetime members
of the ultimate old boys' club.
"Skull and Bones is so tiny. That's what
makes this staggering," says Robbins. "There are only 15 people a year,
which means there are about 800 living members at any one time."
But a lot of Bonesmen have gone on to
positions of great power, which Robbins says is the main purpose of this
secret society: to get as many members as possible into positions of power.
"They do have many individuals in
influential positions," says Robbins. "And that's why this is something
that we need to know about."
President Bush has tapped five fellow
Bonesmen to join his administration. Most recently, he selected
William Donaldson, Skull and Bones 1953, the head of the Securities
and Exchange Commission. Like the President, he's taken the Bones oath
Ron Rosenbaum, author and columnist for
the New York Observer, has become obsessed with cracking that code of
"I think there is a deep and legitimate
distrust in America for power and privilege that are cloaked in secrecy.
It's not supposed to be the way we do things," says Rosenbaum. "We're
supposed to do things out in the open in America. And so that any
society or institution that hints that there is something hidden is, I
think, a legitimate subject for investigation."
His investigation is a 30-year obsession dating
back to his days as a Yale classmate of George W. Bush. Rosenbaum, a
self-described undergraduate nerd, was certainly not a contender for Bones.
But he was fascinated by its weirdness.
"It's this sepulchral, tomblike, windowless,
granite, sandstone bulk that you can't miss. And I lived next to it,"
says Rosenbaum. "I had passed it all the time. And during the initiation
rites, you could hear strange cries and whispers coming from the
Skull and Bones tomb."
Despite a lifetime of attempts to get inside,
the best Rosenbaum could do was hide out on the ledge of a nearby building a
few years ago to videotape a nocturnal initiation ceremony in the Tomb's
"A woman holds a knife and pretends to slash
the throat of another person lying down before them, and there's
screaming and yelling at the neophytes," he says.
Robbins says the cast of the initiation ritual
is right out of Harry Potter meets Dracula:
"There is a devil, a Don Quixote and a Pope
who has one foot sheathed in a white monogrammed slipper resting on a
stone skull. The initiates are led into the room one at a time. And once
an initiate is inside, the Bonesmen shriek at him. Finally, the Bonesman
is shoved to his knees in front of Don Quixote as the shrieking crowd
falls silent. And Don Quixote lifts his sword and taps the Bonesman on
his left shoulder and says, 'By order of our order, I dub thee knight of
It's a lot of mumbo-jumbo, says Robbins,
but it means a lot to the people who are in it.
"Prescott Bush, George W's grandfather, and
a band of Bonesmen, robbed the grave of Geronimo, took the skull and
some personal relics of the Apache Chief and brought them back to the
tomb," says Robbins. "There is still a glass case, Bonesmen tell me,
within the tomb that displays a skull that they all refer to as
"The preoccupation with bones, mortality, with coffins, lying in
coffins, standing around coffins, all this sort of thing I think is
designed to give them the sense that, and it's very true, life is
short," says Rosenbaum. "You can spend it, if you have a privileged
background, enjoying yourself, contributing nothing, or you can spend it
making a contribution."
And plenty of Bonesmen have made a contribution,
from William Howard Taft, the 27th President; Henry Luce, the founder of
Time Magazine; and W. Averell Harriman, the diplomat and confidant of U.S.
"What's important about the undergraduate
years of Skull and Bones, as opposed to fraternities, is that it imbues
them with a kind of mission for moral leadership," says Rosenbaum. "And
it's something that they may ignore for 30 years of their life, as
George W. Bush seemed to successfully ignore it for quite a long time.
But he came back to it."
Mr. Bush, like his father and grandfather before
him, has refused to talk openly about Skull and Bones. But as a
Bonesman, he was required to reveal his innermost secrets to his fellow
"They're supposed to recount their entire
sexual histories in sort of a dim, a dimly-lit cozy room. The other 14
members are sitting on plush couches, and the lights are dimmed," says
Robbins. "And there's a fire roaring. And the, this activity is supposed
to last anywhere from between one to three hours."
What's the point of this?
"I believe the point of the year in the tomb
is to forge such a strong bond between these 15 new members that after
they graduate, for them to betray Skull and Bones would mean they'd have
to betray their fourteen closest friends," says Robbins.
One can't help but make certain comparisons with
the mafia, for example. Secret society, bonding, stakes may be a little
higher in one than the other. But everybody knows everything about
everybody, which is a form of protection.
"I think Skull and Bones has had slightly
more success than the mafia in the sense that the leaders of the five
families are all doing 100 years in jail, and the leaders of the Skull
and Bones families are doing four and eight years in the White House,"
Bones is not restricted to the Republican Party.
Yet another Bonesman has his eye on the Oval Office: Senator John
Kerry, Democrat, Skull & Bones 1966.
"It is fascinating isn't it? I mean, again,
all the people say, 'Oh, these societies don't matter. The Eastern
Establishment is in decline.' And you could not find two more
quintessential Eastern establishment, privileged guys," says Rosenbaum.
"I remember when I was a nerdy scholarship student in the reserve book
room at, at the Yale Library, and John Kerry, who at that point styled
himself 'John F. Kerry' would walk in."
"There was always a little buzz," adds
Rosenbaum. "Because even then he was seen to be destined for higher
things. He was head of the Yale Political Union, and a tap for Skull and
Bones was seen as the natural sequel to that."
David Brooks, a conservative commentator
who has published a book on the social dynamics of the upwardly mobile, says
that while Skull & Bones may be elite and secret, it's anything but
"My view of secret societies is they're like
the first class cabin in airplanes. They're really impressive until you
get into them, and then once you're there they're a little dull. So you
hear all these conspiracy theories about Skull and Bones," says Brooks.
"And to me, to be in one of these organizations, you have to have an
incredibly high tolerance for tedium 'cause you're sittin' around
talking, talking, and talking. You're not running the world, you're just
Gassing or not, the best-connected white man's
club in America has moved reluctantly into the 21st Century.
"Skull and Bones narrowly endorsed admitting
women," says Robbins. "The day before these women were supposed to be
initiated, a group of Bonesmen, including William F. Buckley,
obtained a court order to block the initiation claiming that letting
women into the tomb would lead to date rape. Again more legal wrangling;
finally it came down to another vote and women were admitted and
But Skull & Bones now has women, and it's
become more multicultural.
"It has gays who got the SAT scores, it's
got the gays who got the straight A's," says Brooks. "It's got the
blacks who are the president of the right associations. It's different
criteria. More multicultural, but it's still
an elite, selective institution."
On balance, it may be bizarre, but on a certain
perspective, does it provide something of value?
"You take these young strivers, you put them
in this weird castle. They spill their guts with each other, fine. But
they learn something beyond themselves. They learn a commitment to each
other, they learn a commitment to the community," says Brooks. "And
maybe they inherit some of those old ideals of public service that are
missing in a lot of other parts of the country."
And is that relationship, in some cases,
stronger that family or faith?
"Absolutely," says Robbins. "You know, they
say, they say the motto at Yale is, 'For God, for country, and for
Yale.' At Bones, I would think it's 'For Bones.'"