Bluebook Part 1
- (THE BLUE BOOK UNKNOWNS )
The unexplained UFO reports from the
files of the U.S. Air Forces
Project Blue Book UFO investigations.
Compiled by Don Berliner, for the Fund for UFO Research
conclusions or views expressed in this publication are
the views of the author(s) and do not necessarily
reflect the opinions of the Fund for UFO Research, Inc.
THE UNEXPLAINED UFO CASES FROM THE PROJECT BLUE BOOK FILES
In January, 1974, I visited the U.S. Air Force Archives at
Maxwell AFB, Montgomery, Ala., to review the files of
Project Blue Book as the first step toward writing a book on
In a full week, I read all the "unexplained" cases in the
original files and made extensive notes, including the names and
other identifying information on all witnesses where given. The
cooperation of the staff of the Archives was excellent, and no
restrictions were placed on my work.
A few months later, the files were withdrawn from public view
so they could be prepared for transfer to the National
Archives in Washington, D.C. This process involved making a
Xerox copy of almost 30 file drawers of material, blacking out the
names and other identifiers of all witnesses, and then microfilming
the censored Xerox copy. The microfilm has been available to the
public at the National Archives since 1976. The original
Project Blue Book files remain under lock and key
at the Archives.
On almost every page of the 12,000+ case files, there are big
black marks where information that could be used to cross-check
Project Blue Books controversial work has been
This includes the names of witnesses to widely-publicized cases, and
even names in newspaper clippings!
As it was perfectly legal for me to copy witness names when
I visited the Air Force Archives, those names can be found in this
report of 585 (less 13 missing) unexplained cases. And
since the Privacy Act, which motivated the Air Force to
censor the files in the first place, does not apply to reporters or
anyone else outside the Government, they can be used as the reader
Inasmuch as the book I planned to write has never progressed beyond
the manuscript stage, I see no reason to keep this information under
wraps any longer. Perhaps it will encourage others to re-investigate
cases and make the results known.
"Unidentified" says a great deal... and it says almost
Probably the most controversial aspect of the entire Air Force
investigation of UFOs was its handling of individual cases.
The means by which one case was determined to be "identified"
and another "unidentified" has no doubt fueled more arguments
about Project Blue Book than anything else it did.
For many years, Blue Books most vocal opponents have
insisted that the standards by which cases were allegedly explained
were grossly unscientific. Blue Books goal, according to
those who held it low esteem, was to attach some explanation to
every case, regardless of logic or common sense. Examples of Blue
Book saying a violently maneuvering disc was an aircraft,
or of blaming a puzzling radar tracking on a supposedly
malfunctioning radar set which it never bothered to check out, are
numerous in the popular UFO literature.
And they are even more numerous in the files of Project Blue
Book. The urgency with which Blue Book
officials tagged answers onto cases without having done the proper
investigation is obvious, though not proven. But if the Air Force
was so eager to label cases "identified", despite the lack of
supporting evidence, then those few cases which it labeled "unidentified"
presumably withstood every attempt to apply every other kind of
label. And so it may be that those cases are truly unidentifiable in
Indeed, the Air Force defines "unidentifiable" cases
as those which,
"apparently contain all pertinent
data necessary to suggest a valid hypothesis concerning the lack
of explanation of the report, but the description of the object
or its motion cannot be correlated with any known object or
To meet such criteria, a report must
obviously come from a reputable source, and it must not bear
any resemblance to airplanes, balloons, helicopters, spacecraft,
birds, clouds, stars, planets, meteors, comets, electrical
phenomena, or anything else known to frequent the air, the sky, or
Unfortunately, the Air Force failed to stick to its own rules.
Some of the "unidentifiable" cases most
certainly can be correlated with known objects or phenomena.
But most of them cannot. Moreover, many of the so-called "identified"
cases cannot honestly be so correlated. But we are primarily
concerned here with those cases which Project Blue Book
openly admits it tried to explain and failed.
The amount of detail in these cases varies enormously. Some cases -
frequently those which were well publicized at the time of the event
- contain considerable information, while others are vague and
seriously incomplete. Project Blue Book generally
placed the blame for such incompleteness on the witnesses, but it
should take its own share of the responsibility. In thousands of
cases, there is no completed questionnaire in the Project files, nor
even any indication that one was sent to the witness. And in most of
the instances where a questionnaire was filled out, it was never
followed up to get more complete answers to questions which the
witnesses failed to deal with properly. For much of the life of
Project Blue Book and its predecessors, there was no
satisfactory. questionnaire at all. And one of those used for a
lengthy period was so badly organized that a witness should not be
held to blame for giving incomplete answers.
Yet, despite all the roadblocks, many reports are sufficiently
complete to tell a pretty clear story of a puzzling experience. With
this data now available, anyone can look at Project Blue Books
"unidentified" UFO reports and make up
his own mind.
July 3, 1947; Harborside, Maine.
2:30 p.m. EDT. Witness: astronomer John Cole of South
Brooksville, Me. Watched 10-15 seconds while ten very light
objects, with two dark forms to their left, moved like a swarm
of bees to the northwest. A loud roar was heard.
July 4, 1947; over Emmet, Idaho.
8:17 p.m. PDT. Witnesses: United Air Lines Capt. E.J. Smith,
First Officer Ralph Stevens, Stewardess Marty Morrow. Watched
for 12-15 minutes while four objects with flat bottoms and rough
tops moved at varying speeds, with one high and to the right of
July 6, 1947; Fairfield-Suisan Air
Base, California. Daytime. Witnesses: Army Air Forces Capt. and
Mrs. James Burniston. Watched for 1 minute while one object
having no wings or tail rolled from side-to-side three times and
then flew away very fast to the southeast.
July 8, 1947; Muroc Air Base,
California. 9:30 a.m. PDT. Witnesses: lst Lt. Joseph McHenry,
T/Sgt Ruvolo, S/Sgt Nauman, Miss Janette Scotte. Watched for an
unstated length of time while two disc-shaped or spherical
objects--silver and apparently metallic--flew a wide circular
pattern, and then one of them later flew a tighter circle.
July 9, 1947; Meridian, Idaho. 12:17
p.m. PDT. Witness: Idaho statesman aviation editor and former (AAF)
B-29 pilot Dave Johnson. Watched for more than 10 seconds from
an Idaho Air National Guard AT-6 while a black disc, which stood
out against the clouds, made a half-roll and then a stair-step
July 10, 1947; Harmon Field,
Newfoundland, Canada. Between 3 and 5 p.m. local time.
Witnesses: three ground crewmen, including Mr. Leidy, for Pan
American Airways. Watched briefly while one translucent disc- or
wheel-shaped object flew very fast, leaving a dark blue trail
and then ascended and cut a path through the clouds.
July 29, 1947; Hamilton Air Base,
California. 2:50 p.m. PDT. Witnesses: Assistant Base Operations
Officer Capt. William Rhyerd, ex-AAF B-29 pilot Ward Stewart.
Watched for unknown length of time while two round, shiny, white
objects with estimated 15-25 foot diameters, flew 3-4 times the
apparent speed of a P-80, also in sight. One object flew
straight and level; the other weaved from side-to-side like an
Sept. 3, 1947; Oswego, Oregon. 12:15
p.m. PDT. Witness: housewife Mrs. Raymond Dupui. Watched for
unknown length of time as 12-15 round, silver objects flew an
Oct., 1947; Dodgeville, Wisconsin.
11 unnamed civilian man. Watched for 1 hour while an undescribed
object flew counterclockwise circles.
Oct. 14, 1947; 11 mi. NNE of Cave
Creek, Arizona. Noon MDT. Witnesses: ex-AAF fighter pilot J.L.
Clark, civilian pilot Anderson, third man. Watched 45-60 seconds
while one 3-foot "flying wing"-shaped object, which looked black
against the white clouds and red against the blue sky, flew
straight at an estimated 380 m.p.h., at 8-10,000 feet, from NW
April 5, 1948; Holloman AFB, New
Mexico. Afternoon. Witnesses: Geophysics Lab balloon observers
Alsen, Johnson, Chance. Two irregular, round, white or golden
objects. One made three loops then rose and disappeared rapidly;
the other flew in a fast arc to the west during the 3O^second
July 29, 1948: Indianapolis,
Indiana. 9:88 a.m. witness*: James Toney, Robert Huggins, both
employees of a rug cleaning firm. One shiny aluminum object,
shaped something like an airplanes propeller, with 10-12 small
cups protruding from either blade. Estimated size 6-8 long,
1.5-2 wide. The object glided across the road a few hundred
feet in front of their vehicle and apparently went down in a
wooded area. Sighting lasted a few seconds.
July 31, 1948; Indianapolis,
Indiana. 8:25 a.m. Witnesses: Mr. and Mrs. Vernon Swigert; he
was an electrician. Object was shaped like a cymbal, or domed
disc; about 20 across and 6-8 thick, and was white without any
shine. It flew straight and level from horizon to horizon in
about 10 seconds, shimmering in the sun as if spinning.
July or August, 1948; vicinity of
Marion, Virginia. Shortly after sunset. Witness: Max Abbott,
flying a Bellanca Cruisair four-passenger private airplane. A
single bright white light accelerated and turned up a valley.
Sept. 23, 1948; San Pablo,
California. 12 noon. Witnesses: Sylvester Bentham and retired
U.S. Army Col. Horace Eakins. Two objects: one, a buff or grey
rectangle with vertical lines; the other a translucent "amoeba"
with a dark spot near the center. The arms of the "amoeba"
undulated. Both objects traveled very fast.
Oct. 15, 1948; Fusuoka, Japan. 11:05
p.m. Witnesses: pilot Halter and radar operator Hemphill of a
P-61 "Black Widow" night fighter. Up to six objects tracked on
radar, only one seen visually. Dull or dark object shaped like a
dirigible with a flat bottom and clipped tail end. Six seen on
radar separately Pilot attempted to close on visual object, but
it dove away fast.
Dec. 3, 1948; Fairfield-Suisan AFB,
California. 8:15 p.m. Witness: USAF Sgt., control tower
operator. One round, white light flew for 25 seconds with
varying speed, bouncing motion, and finally a rapid erratic
Jan. 4, 1949; Hickam Field, Hawaii.
2 p.m. Witness: USAF pilot Capt. Paul Storey, on ground. one
flat white, elliptical object with a matte top circled while
oscillating to the right and left, and then sped away.
Jan. 27, 1949; Cortez-Bradenton,
Florida. 10:20 p.m. Witnesses: Capt. Sames, acting chief of the
Aircraft Branch, Eglin AFB, and Mrs. Sames. They watched for 25
minutes while a cigar-shaped object as long as two Pullman cars
and having seven lighted square windows and throwing sparks,
descended and then climbed with a bouncing motion at an
estimated 400 m.p.h.
March 17, 1949; Camp Hood, Texas.
7:52 p.m. Witnesses: guards of the 2nd Armored Division. While
awaiting the start of a flare firing, they watched, for an hour,
while eight large, green, red and white flare-like objects flew
in generally straight lines.
April 3, 1949; Dillon, Montana.
11:55 a.m. Witnesses: construction company owner Gosta Miller
and three other unnamed persons. One object shaped like two
plates attached face-to-face; matte bottom, bright aluminum top;
20 diameter, 4-5 thickness. It rocked or rotated in six
cycles, descended, rocked, flew, rocked; all this was very fast.
April 4, 1949; Merced, California.
10:20 p.m. witness: William Parrott, former Air Force pilot and
major. One generally round object with a curved bottom and dull
coloring. The object gave off a clicking sound until overhead.
Parrotts dog reacted. 35 seconds.
April 24, 1949; Arrey, New Mexico.
l0:30 a.m. Witnesses: General Mills meteorologist and balloon
expert C.B. Moore and others on a balloon launch crew. One
white, round ellipsoid, about 2.5 times as long as wide.
April 28, 1949; Tucson, Arizona.
5:45 p.m. Witnesses: Howard Hann, Mr. Hubert, Tex Keahey. One
bright, sausage-shaped object was observed for 40 minutes while
it rolled and flew fast.
May 5, 1949; Ft. Bliss, Texas. 11:40
a.m. Witnesses: Army officers Maj. Day, Maj. Olhausen, Capt.
Vaughn. Two oblong white discs, flying at an estimated 200-250
m.p.h., made a shallow turn during the 30-50 second observation.
May 6, 1949; Livermore, California.
9:35 a.m. Witness: C. G. Green. Two shiny, disc-like objects
rotated around each other and banked. Then one shot upwards with
a grey trail and rejoined the other. The sighting lasted 5
May 9, 1949; Tucson, Arizona. 2:30
p.m. Witness: M/Sgt. Troy Putnam. Two round, flat silvery
objects, estimated to be 25 in diameter, flew 750-1,000 m.p.h.
in a banked but steady manner.
May 27, 1949; South-central Oregon.
2:25 p.m. Witness: Joseph Shell, ferrying SNJ trainer for North
American Aviation, from Red Bluff, California, to Burns, Oregon.
Five to eight oval objects, twice as long as wide, and 1/5 as
thick. They flew in trail formation, with an interval equal to
3-4 times their length, except that the second and third were
July 24, 1949; Mountain Home, Idaho.
12 noon. Witness: Henry Clark, manager of a flying service,
flying a Piper Clipper. Seven delta-shaped objects, 35-55 in
span, 20-30 long, 2-5 thick; light colored except for a 12
diameter dark circle at the rear of each. They flew in a tight
formation of twos with one behind, and made a perfect, but
unbanked, turn. During the 10 minute sighting, they displayed
decreasing smooth oscillations. Clarks engine ran rough during
the sighting, and upon landing was found to have all its spark
plugs burned out.
July 30, 1949; Mt. Hood, Oregon. 9
p.m. Witnesses: Northwest Airlines Capt. Thrush, two Portland
control tower operators, and one flying instructor. One object
with one white light and two red lights, maneuvered and hovered.
Feb 5, 1950; Teaticket,
Massachusetts. 5:10 p.m. Witnesses: Marvin Odom, former U.S.
Navy fighter pilot, USAF Lt. Philip Foushee, pilot from Otis
AFB, and two others. Two thin, illuminated cylinders, one of
which dropped a fireball, maneuvered together and then
disappeared high and fast after 5 minutes.
Feb. 24, 1950; Albuquerque, New
Mexico. 1:55 p.m. Witnesses: Municipal Airport Weather Observers
Luther McDonald, Harrison Manson. One white, slightly elongated
oval was watched for 1.5 minutes through a the odolite while it
flew straight and level.
Feb. 25, 1950; Los Alamos, New
Mexico. 3:55 p.m. Witnesses: Twelve Atomic Energy Commission
security inspectors. One cylinder with tapered ends, silver and
flashing, flew slow and hen fast, fluttered and oscillated, and
changed course. observations by individuals varied from 3
seconds to 2 minutes.
arch 3, 1950; Selfridge AFB,
Michigan. 11:05 p.m. Witness: st Lt Frank Mattson. One intense,
dull yellowish light descended vertically, then flew straight
and level very fast for 4 minutes.
March 20, 1950; Stuggart, Arkansas.
9:26 p.m. Witnesses: Chicago & Southern Airlines Capt. Jack
Adams, First Officer G. W. Anderson, Jr. One 100 circular disc
with 9-12 portholes along the lower side emitting a soft purple
light, and a light at the top which flashed 3 times in 9
seconds, flew at not less than 1,000 m.p.h. It was seen for
March 27, 1980; Motobo, Okinawa.
10:30 a.m. Witness: USAF radar operator Cpl. Bolfango. Tracked
on radar for 2 minutes while it was stationary and then moved at
500 m.p.h.. Visual observation not detailed, only mentioned in
March 28, 1950; Santiago, Chile.
3:15 p.m. Witness: M/Sgt. Patterson, of the office of the U.S.
Air Attache. One white object observed for 5-10 seconds through
binoculars while it flew high and fast, crossing 30^ of sky.
March 29, 1950; Marrowbore Lake,
Tennessee. 7 a.m. Witnesses: real estate salesmen Whiteside and
Williams. Six-twelve dark objects shaped like 300-lb. bombs,
estimated 5 feet long. Flew 500 m.p.h. and descended, making a
noise like wind blowing through the trees.
April 8, 1950; Kokomo, Indiana. 2
a.m. Witness: Earl Baker. One grey metallic disc, 50 in
diameter, 15 thick; top-shaped with a "conning tower" at the
top and three ports on the rim giving off a blue light. It
hovered for 2 minutes, then flew away. Baker aroused from sleep
by his dog.
April 14, 1950; Ft. Monmouth, New
Jersey. 2:30 p.m. Witness: Army M/Sgt. James. Four rectangular,
amber objects, about 3 by 4. changed speed and direction
rapidly; the group of objects rose and fell during the 3-4
May 7, 1950; Nine miles sough of
Ely, Nevada. 6:45 p.m. Witnesses: Mr. and Mrs. George Smith and
their grandson. One silvery white object hovered at 100
altitude, moved back and forth for 10 minutes and then flew up
and away. Note in case file: "No investigation."
June 27, 1950; Texarkana, Texas.
7:50 a.m. Witnesses: Terrell and Yates, employees of Red River
Arsenal. One object, bright, shaped like two dishpans
face-to-face, flew straight and level, fast for 4-5 seconds.
July 13, 1950; Redstone Arsenal,
Alabama. 5 p.m. Witnesses: two skilled Arsenal employees
including Mr. Washburn. one object, shaped like a bowtie, and
like polished aluminum. Flew straight and level, then one
triangle rotated 1/4 turn in the opposite direction and returned
to its original position. The object then made a right-angle
turn and accelerated away after at least 30 seconds.
Aug. 4, 1950; approx. 100 mi. SE of
New York City (39 35 N., 72 24.5 W.). 10 a.m. EDT.
Witnesses: Master Nils Lewring, Chief Mate Jacob Koelwyn, Third
Mate, of M/V Marcala. One 10 cylindrical object at 50-100
altitude, flying with a churning or rotary motion, accelerated
at end of 15 second sighting.
Aug. 20, 1950; Nicosia, Cyprus. 1:30
p.m. Witnesses: USAF MATS liaison officer Lt. William Ghormley,
Col. W. V. Brown, Lt. col. L.w. Brauer. One small, round, bright
object flew fast, straight and level for 15-20 seconds.
Aug. 25, 1950; approx. 250 mi. SW of
Bermuda (29 40 N., 67* 28 W.). 8 p.m. Witness: B-29 radarman
S/Sgt. William Shaffer. Radar observation, plus possible blue
streak 3 minutes later. B-29 followed unidentified target, then
passed it at l/4-mile distance, target followed for 5 minutes,
then passed B-29 and sped away. Total time of tracking: 20
Aug. 30, 1950; Sandy Point,
Newfoundland, Canada. 1:30 p.m. Witnesses: three local
employees, including Kaeel and Alexander, of the Air Force Base.
A dark, barrel-shaped object with a pole down from it into the
water, flew at 3-5 m.p.h. and 15-20 altitude for 5 minutes.
Sept. 3, 1950; Spokane, Washington.
2 p.m. Witnesses: Maj R.J. Gardiner, Mrs. Gardiner and neighbor
(former saw three objects, others saw one). Metallic bronze
discs, 20-30 long, 2-6 thick. Moved independently and
erratically for 5 minutes.
Sept. 20, 1950; Kit Carson,
Colorado. 10:49 a.m. Witness identified only as a "reliable
source". Two large, round, glowing objects and three smaller,
internally lit objects. Two hovered for 1 minute, moved, and
three smaller ones came from behind or within the two larger
objects, and all sped upward and away.
Sept. 21, 1950; Provincetown,
Massachusetts. 9:52 a.m. Witness: M.I.T. research associate and
Air National Guard Maj. M.H. Ligda. Radar tracking of one object
during M.I.T tracking of USAF flight of F-84 or F-86 jet
fighters. Object speed was 22 miles/minute (l,200 m.p.h.), made
turn of 11-12 gs acceleration during 1 minute observation.
Oct. 15, 1950; Oak Ridge, Tennessee.
3:20 p.m. Atomic Energy Commission Trooper Rymer, J. Moneymaker,
Capt. Zarzecki. Two shiny silver objects shaped like bullet or
bladder. They dove with a smoke trail and one vanished. The
other hovered at 5-6, altitude, 50 away, left and returned
several times somewhat further away.
Oct. 15, 1950; Pope AFB, North
Carolina. Witness: Daniel. Listed as "unidentified" in folder
index, but no supporting data could be found.
Oct 15, 1950; Pope AFB, North
Carolina. Witness: Woodward. Same as previous observation.
Oct. 23, 1950; Bonlee, North
Carolina. 12:42 p.m. Witness: ex-USAF pilot Frank Risher. One
aluminum object shaped like a dirigible or Convair C-99 cargo
plane, with 3 portholes, arrived from southeast, hovered 3-5
seconds and flew away to the south- south-east at end of 40
Nov. 5, 1950, Oak Ridge, Tennessee.
11:55 a.m. Witness: Fairchild Aircraft illustrator Don Patrick.
One translucent object, light grey with dark core, shaped like a
pear or bean. Flew for 5-10 minutes with rapid, darting
Dec. 2, 1950; Nanyika, Kenya. 10:50
a.m. Mr. and Mrs. L. Scott. One pearly, iridescent object with a
flattened top, spun while hovering and made a sound like bees
buzzing. Only data in files was from East African "Standard"
Dec. 6, 1950; Ft. Myers, Florida. 5
p.m. Witnesses: former aircraft purchasing agent Harry Lamp and
four boys, using lO-power binoculars. One 75 object, 3-4
thick, bubble on top, silver with a red rim having two white and
two orange jets along it. The center revolved when the object
hovered; then it flew away very fast.
Dec. 11, 1950; l0 mi. NW of Gulcana,
Alaska. 10:13 p.m. Witnesses: crew of Northwest Air Lines flight
802. Two white flashes, followed by a dark cloud which rose and
split in two.
Jan. 8, 1951; South of Ft. Worth,
Texas. 10:45 p.m. Witnesses: Mr. and Mrs. W.J. Boggus, plus
unidentified drivers and passengers in other cars stopped to
watch. Two groups of red and green lights in triangular
formations were stationary and then moved.
Jan. 12, 1951, Ft. Benning, Georgia.
10 p.m. Witness: U.S. Army 2nd Lt. A.C. Hale. One light with a
fan-shaped wake remained motionless like a star about 20 minutes
and then sped away.
Jan 16, 1951; Artesia, New Mexico.
Time unknown. Witnesses: Two members of a balloon project from
the General Mills . Aeronautical Research Laboratory, the manger
of the Artesia Airport, and three pilots. The balloon crew was
observing their 110 balloon at an altitude of 112,000 when a
dull white, round object was spotted. It appeared larger than
the balloon, but made no movement. Later, the balloon crew and
the others saw two objects from the airport; flying
side-by-side, they circled the balloon and flew away to the
northeast. The second observation lasted about 40 seconds. Note:
there is confusion over the date of this case, with some USAF
records showing it as 1952; however, 1951 appears to be correct.
Feb. 1, 1951; Johnson Air Base,
Japan. 5:10 p.m. Witnesses: pilot and radar operator of F-82
night fighter. One amber light made three or four 360* turns to
the right, reversed toward the F-82 and then climbed out of
Feb. 21, 1951; Durban, South Africa.
4:55 a.m. Witnesses: three men in a truck, several other
persons, none named. A dark red, torpedo-shaped object with
darker center, flew straight and level.
Feb. 26, 1951; Ladd AFB, Alaska.
7:10 a.m. Witness: USAF Sgt. J.B. Sells. One dull grey, metallic
object, estimated to be 120 long and 10-12 thick, hovered,
puffed smoke and sped away after 1-1.5 minutes. Note: may have
been Feb. 25.
Mar. 10, 1951; Chinnampo, Korea.
9:51 a.m. Witnesses: crew of USAF B-29 bomber, including
scanners and tail gunner. A large red-yellow glow burst and
became blue-white. No further information in files.
Mar. 13, 1951; McClellan AFB,
California. 3:20 p.m. Witnesses: USAF lst Lt. B.J. Hastie, Mrs.
Rafferty. A cylinder with twin tails, 200 long and 90 wide,
turned north and flew at incredible speed. Two minutes.
Mar. 15, 1951; New Delhi, India.
10:20 a.m. Witnesses: 25 members of a flying club, including the
chief aerial engineer and his two assistants. One metallic
cigar-shaped object with white exhaust which turned black when
it accelerated to an estimated 1,000 m.p.h. and made a large
loop. Seven minutes.
June 1, 1951; Niagara Falls, New
York. 4:20 a.m. Witnesses: M/Sgt H.E. Sweeney, 2 enlisted men.
One glowing yellow-orange, saucer-shaped object with arc-shaped
wings, flew straight up. Seen for 30-40 seconds.
July 24, 1951; Portsmouth, New
Hampshire. 7:10 Witnesses: Hanscom AFB Operations Officer Capt.
Cobb, Cpl. Fein. One 100-200 tubular object, 5 times long as it
was wide, with fins at one end, and colored greyish with many
black spots. Flew 800-1,000 m.p.h. at 1-2,000 altitude, leaving
a faint swath. 20 seconds.
Aug. 25, 1951; Albuquerque, New
Mexico. 9:58 p.m. Witnesses: Sandia Base Security Guard Hugh
Young and wife. A flying wing- shaped craft passed over their
heads at an estimated 800-1,000 altitude with no sound. Size
estimated at 1.5 times wingspan of B-36 bomber,or 350. Dark,
chordwise stripes on underside, and 6-8 pairs of soft, glowing
lights on trailing edge of "wing". Speed estimated at 300-400
m.p.h., object seen for about 30 seconds.
Aug. 31, ; Matador, Texas. 12:45
p.m. Witnesses: Mrs. Tom Tilson, one or two other women, all
apparently of excellent reputations. One pear-shaped object with
a length of a B-29 fuselage (100), aluminum or silver with a
port or some type of aperture on the side. It moved with smaller
end forward, drifting slowly at about 150 altitude, then headed
up in a circular fashion and out of sight after a few seconds.
Sept. 6, 1951; Claremont,
California. 7:20 p.m. (not really clear). Witnesses: S/Sgt W.T.
Smith, M/Sgt L.L. Duel (?). Six orange lights in an irregular
formation, flew straight and level into a coastal fog bank after
Sept. 14, 1951; Goose Bay, Labrador,
Canada. 9:30 p.m. Witnesses: T/Sgt W.B. Maupin, Cpl. J.W. Green.
Three objects tracked on radar. Two were on a collision course,
then one evaded to the right upon the request, by radio, of one
of the radar operators! No aircraft were known to be in the
area. A third unidentified track then joined the first two. More
than 15 minutes.
Oct. 2, 1951; Columbus, Ohio. 6 p.m.
Witness: Battelle Memorial Institute graduate physicist Howard
Cross. One bright oval with a clipped tail flew straight and
level, fading into the distance after 1 minute.
Oct. 3, 1951; Kadena, Okinawa. 10:27
p.m. Witnesses: radar operators Sgt. M.W. Watson and Pvt.
Gonzales and one other Sergeant. One large, sausage-shaped blip
tracked at an estimated 4,800 m.p.h.
Oct. 9, 1951; Terre Haute, Indiana.
1:42 p.m. Witness: CAA Chief Aircraft Communicator Roy Messmore
at Hulman Municipal Airport. One round silver object flew
directly overhead, reaching the horizon in 15 seconds. Note: a
very similar incident happened 3 minutes later near Paris,
Illinois (15 miles NW) and was also listed as "unidentified" for
several years, but was eventually reclassified.
Oct. 11, 1951; Minneapolis,
Minnesota. 6:30 a.m. Witnesses: General Mills balloon
researchers, including aeronautical engineer J.J. Kaliszewski,
aerologist C.B. Moore, pilot Dick Reilly in the air, and Doug
Smith on the ground. The flight crew saw the first object, a
brightly glowing one with a dark underside and a halo around it.
The object arrived high and fast, then slowed and made slow
climbing circles for about two minutes, and finally sped away to
the east. Soon they saw another one, confirmed by ground
observers using a theodolite, which sped across the sky. Total
time first object was seen was 5 minutes, second was a few
Nov. 18, 1951; Washington, D.C. 3:20
a.m. Witnesses: Crew of Capital Airlines DC-4 Fliqht 610,
Andrews AFB Senior air traffic controller Tom Selby. One object
with several lights, followed the DC-4 for about 20 minutes and
then turned back.
Nov. 24, 1951; Mankato, Minnesota.
33:53 p.m. Witnesses: USAF or ANG pilots W.H. Fairbrother and
D.E. Stewart in P-51 Mustangs. One milky white object shaped
like Northrop flying wing (broad, slightly swept-back wing with
no fuselage or tail). Estimated 8 span. Flew straight and level
for 5 seconds.
Dec. 7, 1951; Sunbury, Ohio. 4:30
p.m. Witness: amateur astronomer Carl Loar. One silvery sphere
seen through telescope. Two specks sighted at sides, object
seemed to explode and was replaced by a dark cloud and many
specks. 30 minutes.
Dec. 7, 1951; Oak Ridge, Tennessee.
8:15 a.m. Witness: Atomic Energy Commission guard J.H. Collins.
One 20 square object, white-grey but not shiny flew above ridge
to clouds and back again twice, taking 30-40 seconds each time.
Feb. 11, 1952; Pittsburgh,
Pennsylvania. 3 a.m. Witnesses: Capt. G.P. Arns and Maj. R.J.
Gedson flying a Beech AT-ll trainer. One yellow-orange
comet-shaped object pulsed flame for 1-2 seconds of a 1 minute
straight and level flight.
Feb. 23, 1952; over North Korea.
11:15 p.m. Witness: Captain/B-29 navigator. One bluish cylinder,
three times long as wide, with a tail and rapid pulsations, came
in high and fast, made several turns and levelled out under B-29
which was evading mild antiaircraft fire. 45 second sighting.
March 20, 1952; Centreville,
Maryland. 10:42 p.m. Witnesses: WWl/WW2 veteran A.D. Hutchinson
and son. One dull orange-yellow saucer-shaped light flew
straight and level very fast for 30 seconds.
March 23, 1952; Yakima, Washington.
6:56 and 7 p.m. Witnesses: pilot and radar operator of F-94 jet
interceptor. On either occasion, a red fireball increased in
brightness and then faded over 45 second span. Stationary both