WHEN EARTH WAS
sons of Noah that came out of the Ark were Shem,
Ham and Japhet . . . these were the three sons of
Noah of whom all the Earth
"Thus is the biblical tale of the Deluge followed by the recital of
the Table of Nations (Genesis 10), a unique document, at first
doubted by scholars because it listed then unknown nation states,
then taken apart critically, and finally - after a century and a
half of archaeological discoveries - amazing in its accuracy. It is
a document that holds a wealth of reliable historical, geographical,
and political information concerning the rise of mankindís remnants
from the mud and desolation following the Deluge, to the heights of
civilizations and empires.
Mr. Sitchin at this point goes through the descendants of the three
sons, making some interesting points:
"Leaving the all important line of
Shem to the last, the Table of
Nations begins with the descendants of Japhet ("The Fair One") and
calls attention to:
"....While the later generations had thus spread to coastal areas
and islands, the unnoticed fact was that all the first seven
nations/sons corresponded to the highlands of Asia Minor, The Black
Sea and the Caspian Sea areas - highlands that were habitable soon
after the Deluge, unlike the lower coastal areas and islands that
could become habitable only much later.
"The descendants of
Ham ("He Who is Hot" and also "The Dark-Hued
One").... correspond to the African nation-lands of Nubia, Ethiopia,
Egypt, and Lybia as the core nations of African resettlement, again
beginning with the topographically higher areas, then spreading to
""And Shem, the father of all who descended of
Eber, also had
offspring; he was the elder brother of Japhet." The first
nation-sons of Shem were "Elam and Ashur, Arpakhshad and Lud and
Aram," nation-states that encompassed the highlands arching from the
Persian Gulf in the south to the Mediterranean Sea in the northwest
and bordering the great Land-Between-the-Rivers, which was as yet
not habitable. Those were the lands one could call the Spaceport
Mesopotamia, where the
pre-Diluvial spaceport had been
the Cedar Mountain, where the
Landing Place remained functioning
the Land of Shalem, where the
post-Diluvial Mission Control Center was to be
Sinai peninsula, site of the
The name of the forefather of all these nations,
Shem - meaning "Sky Chamber" - was thus quite appropriate.
"The broad division of mankind into three branches, as related in
the Bible, followed not only the geography and topography of the
areas to which man had spread, it also followed the division of the
Earth between the descendants of Enlil and the descendants of
"....Scholars have recognized an abrupt change in human culture
about 11,000 B.C. - the time of the Deluge, according to our
findings - and have named that era of domestication Mesolithic
(Middle Stone Age). Circa 7400 B.C. - exactly 3,600 years later -
another abrupt advancement has been recognized. Scholars have named
it Neolithic ("New Stone Age"); but its principal feature was the
switch from stone to clay and the appearance of pottery. And then,
"suddenly and inexplicable" - but exactly 3,600 years later - there
blossomed out (circa 3800 B.C.) in the plain between the Euphrates
and Tigris rivers the high civilization of Sumer. It was followed,
circa 3100 B.C., by the civilization of the Nile River; and circa
2800 B.C., the third civilization of antiquity, that of the Indus
River, made its appearance. These were the three regions
mankind; of them evolved the nations of the Near East, Africa, and
Indo-Europe - a division faithfully recorded in the
Table of Nations.
"All that, Sumerian chronicles held, was the result of deliberate
decisions by the Anunnaki:
The Anunnaki who decree the fates
sat exchanging their counsels
regarding the Earth.
The four regions they created.
"....Three regions were alloted to mankindís three civilizations;
the fourth was retained by the Anunnaki for their own use. It was
given the name TIL.MUN, "Land of the Missiles." in
The Stairway to
Heaven we provided the evidence identifying
Tilmun with the Sinai
"Although as far as human habitation was concerned, it was the
descendants of Shem - "Sand Dwellers" in Egyptian scriptures - who
would reside in the unrestricted areas of the peninsula, when it
came to alloting the territory among the Anunnaki, profound
differences arose. Control of the site of the post Diluvial
spaceport was tantamount to control all the links between Earth and
Nibiru, as the experiences with Kumarbi and
Zu had so clearly shown.
In the rekindled rivalry between the clans of Enlil and Enki, a
neutral authority over the Land of the Missiles was called for.
"The solution was ingenious. Of equal lineage with them was their
sister Sud. As a daughter of Anu, she bore the title
Lady"). She was one of the original group of Great Anunnaki who were
pioneers on Earth, a member of the Pantheon of Twelve. She bore a
son to Enlil, a daughter to Enki, and was lovingly called
("Mother of the Gods"). She helped create Man. With her medical
skills she saved many a life and was also known as NIN.TI ("Lady
Life). But she never had her own dominion. To make Tilmun her domain
was an idea that no one opposed.
"....But although an abode was made for
Sud in one of Mesopotamianís
rebuilt sites, she decided to go and take personal possession of the
mountainous region. With all her attributes of status and knowledge,
she always played secondary role. When she came to Earth she was
young and beautiful; now she was old and nicknamed "The Cow" behind
her back. So now that she was given her own domain, she decided to
go there. Proudly she declared,
"A Mistress I am now! Alone will I
stay there, reigning for ever!"
dissuade her, Ninurta applied his experience in damming
and channeling waters to make his motherís new mountain region
livable.... tablet IX of the "Feats and exploits of Ninurta":
Since you, noble lady,
alone to the Land of Landing had gone,
Since to the Land of Casting Down
unafraid you went -
A dam I shall heap up for you,
so that the Land may have a mistress.
Its valleys shall be verdant with vegetation,
Its slopes shall produce honey and wine for you,
Shall produce . . . zabalum-trees amd boxwood;
its terraces shall be adorned with fruit as a garden;
The Harsag shall provide you with the fragrance of the gods, shall
provide you with the shiny lodes;
Its mines will as tribute copper and tin give you;
Its mountains shall multiply cattle large and small;
The Harsag shall bring forth the four-legged creature.
"This is indeed a befitting description of the
Sinai peninsula: a
land of mines, a major source in antiquity of copper,
other minerals; a source of the acacia wood, which was used for
temple furnishings; a verdant place wherever water was available; a
place where flocks could graze. Is it an accident that the principal
winter-river of the peninsula is still called el Arish - "The
Husbandman" - the very nickname (Urash) of Ninurta?
"Making a home for his mother in
the Sinaiís southern region of high
granite peaks, Ninurta bestowed on her a new title: NIN.HAR.SAG
("The Lady of the Head Mountain"); it was the title by which
to be called ever since.
"....To understand the
grand post-Diluvial design, we must first review the manner in which
the pre-Diluvial spaceport and its Landing Corridor were developed.
"The Anunnaki first selected as their focal point the twin-peaked
"The next natural features were the
Euphrates River and the Persian
"Drawing an imaginary north-south line from
Mount Ararat, the
Anunnaki determined that the spaceport shall be where the line
intercepted the river....
"Then, diagonally to it from the direction of the
Persian Gulf - at
a precise angle of forty-five degrees - they drew the Landing
"They then laid out their first settlements so as to mark out a
Landing Corridor on both sides of the Landing Path....
"In the center point,
Nippur was established as a Mission Control
"All the other settlements were equidistant from it.
"The post-Diluvial space facilities were planned on the same
The reader can review the building of the
and Landing Corridor
"By suggesting that the
great pyramids of Giza were not built by
Pharaohs but by the Anunnaki millennia earlier, we of course
contradict long-held theories concerning these pyramids.
"The theory of nineteenth-century Egyptologists, that the Egyptian
pyramids, including the unique three of Giza, were erected by a
succession of Pharaohs as grandiose tombs for themselves, has long
been disproven: no one of them was found to contain the body of the
Pharaoh who was their known or presumed builder.
"....For a while it was believed that proof had been found in the
smaller one of the three pyramids of Giza and the identity of the
Pharaoh who had built it established. The credit for this was
claimed by a Colonel Howard Vyse and his two assistants, who claimed
to have discovered within the pyramid the coffin and mummified
remains of the Pharaoh Menkara. The fact, however - known to
scholars for some time now but for some reason still hardly
publicized - is that neither the wooden coffin nor the skeletal
remains were authentic. Someone - undoubtedly that Colonel Vyse and
his cronies - had brought into the pyramid a coffin dating from
about 2,000 years after Menkara had lived, and bones from the even
much later Christian times, and put the two together in an unabashed
Earlier, Mr. Sitchin explained that inscriptions of the supposed
Pharaoh to have built the pyramid (Pharaoh Khufu - Cheops) had been
"discovered," but these also proved to be a forgery. He continues:
The Stairway to Heaven we have put together
evidence to show that the inscription was a forgery, perpetrated by
its "discoverers." At the end of 1983, a reader of that book came
forward to provide us with family records showing that his
great-grandfather, a master mason named Humphries Brewer, who was
engaged by Vyse to help use gunpowder to blast its way inside the
pyramid, was an eyewitness to the forgery and, having objected to
the deed, was expelled from the site and forced to leave Egypt
"In The Stairway to Heaven we have shown that
Khufu could not have
been the builder of the Great Pyramid because he had already
referred to it as existing in his time in a stela he had erected
near the pyramids; even the Sphinx, supposedly erected by next-after
successor of Khufu, is mentioned in that inscription.
Giza complex - pyramids and Sphinx - had thus already
existed when kingship began in Egypt; its builders were not and
could not have been the Pharaohs of the sixth dynasty.
"The other pyramids of Egypt - smaller, primitive by comparison,
some fallen even before completion, all crumbling - had indeed been
built by various Pharaohs; not as tombs, nor as cenotaphs
(monumental symbolic tombs), but in emulation of the gods. For it
was held and believed in antiquity that the
Giza pyramids and
Sphinx that accompanies them show the way to the Stairway to Heaven
- the Spaceport - in the Sinai peninsula.
pyramids of Giza, we have concluded, were built by
first erecting the smaller Third Pyramid as a scale model. Then, in
keeping with the preference for twin-peaked focal points, the two
large pyramids were erected, although the Second Pyramid is smaller
than the Great Pyramid, it appears to be of the same height; this is
because it is built on somewhat higher ground, so that to achieve
the same height, it need not to be as tall as the first one.
"Apart from its incomparable size,
the Great Pyramid is also unique
in that, in addition to the descending passage that is found in all
the other pyramids, it has a unique Ascending Passage, a level
Corridor, two Upper Chambers, and a series of narrow compartments.
The uppermost chamber is reached via an incredibly elaborate Grand
Gallery and an Antechamber that could be sealed with one pull of a
cord. The uppermost chamber contained - still does - an unusual
hollowed-out stone block whose fashioning required amazing
technology and which rang out as a bell; above the chamber are the
narrow series of low and ragged spaces, offering extreme resonance.
"What was the purpose of all that?
Mesopotamia was reinhabited and Nippur was reestablished,
the abode of Enlil and Ninlil there was a large temple surrounded by
courtyards, with gates through which the worshippers could enter. It
was no longer forbidden territory; the space-related functions, as
the Spaceport itself, had shifted elsewhere.
"....Not recognizing the immense antiquity of the
Giza pyramids or
the identity of their true builders, scholars have also been puzzled
by this apparent reference to an Ekur ("House Which is Like a
Mountain") far from Sumer. Indeed, if one is to follow accepted
interpretations of Mesopotamian texts, no one in Mesopotamia was
ever aware of the existence of the Egyptian pyramids. None of the
Mesopotamian kings who invaded Egypt, none of the merchants who
traded with her, none of the emissaries who had visited there - not
one of them had noticed these colossal monuments . . .
"Could that be possible?
"We suggest that the Giza monuments were known in
Sumer and Akkad.
We suggest that the Great Pyramid was the post-Diluvial Ekur, of
which the Mesopotamian texts did speak at length, (as we shall show
soon). And we suggest that ancient Mesopotamian drawings depicted
the pyramids during their construction and after they had been
"We have already shown how the Mesopotamian "pyramids" - the
ziggurats or stage-towers - looked like. We find completely
different structures on some of the most archaic Sumerian
depictions. In some we see the construction of a structure with a
square base and triangular sides - a smooth-sided pyramid. Other
descriptions show a completed pyramid with the serpent symbol
clearly locating it in an Enki territory. And yet another endows the
completed pyramid with wings, to indicate its space-related
function. This depiction, of which several were found, shows the
pyramid together with other amazingly accurate features: a crouching
Sphinx facing toward the Place of Reeds; another
Sphinx on the other
side of the Lake of Reeds, supporting the suggestion in Egyptian
texts that there was another, facing the Sphinx in the Sinai
peninsula. Both the pyramid and the Sphinx near it are located by a
river, as the Giza complex is indeed located by the
Nile. And beyond
all that is the body of water on which the horned gods are sailing,
just as the Egyptians had said that their gods had from the south,
via the Red Sea.
conclusion, then, is that the Great Pyramid was known in
Mesopotamia, if for no other reason than because it was built by the
same Anunnaki who had built the original Ekur in
likewise and quite logically, it, too, was called by them E.KUR -
"House Which is Like a Mountain." Like its predecessor,
Pyramid of Giza was built with mysterious dark chambers and was
equipped with instruments for guiding the shuttlecraft to the
Spaceport in the Sinai. And, to assure its neutrality, the
was put under the patronage of Ninharsag.
"Our solution gives meaning to an otherwise enigmatic poem exalting
Ninharsag as mistress of the "House With a Pointed Peak" - a
House bright and dark of Heaven and Earth,
for the rocketships put together;
E.KUR, House of the Gods with pointed peak;
For Heaven-to-Earth it is greatly equipped.
House whose interior glows with a reddish Light of Heaven,
pulsating a beam which reaches far and wide;
Its awesomeness touches the flesh.
Awesome ziggurat, lofty mountain of mountains -
Thy creation is great and lofty,
men cannot understand it.
"The function of this "House of the Gods with Pointed Peak" is then
made clear: it was a "House of Equipment" serving to "bring down to
rest" the astronauts "who see and orbit," a "great landmark for the
lofty Shems" (the "sky chambers"):
House of Equipment, lofty house of Eternity:
Its foundation are stones [which reach] the water;
Its great circumference is set in the clay.
House whose parts are skilfully woven together;
House, the rightness of whose howling
The Great-Ones-Who-See-and-Orbit brings down the rest . . .
Mountain by which Utu ascends.
[House] whose deep insides men cannot penetrate . . .
Anu has magnified it.
In the book, more descriptions of
several parts of the pyramid are
given, followed by,
"....the laudatory text provides information regarding the functions
and location of the structure:
On this day the Mistress herself speaks truly;
The Goddess of the Rocketships , the Pure Great Lady, praises
"I am the Mistress, Anu has determined my destiny;
the daughter of Anu am I.
Enlil has added to me a great destiny;
his sister-princess am I.
The gods have given unto my hand
the pilot-guiding instruments of Heaven-Earth;
Mother of the sky-chambers am I.
Ereshkigal alloted to me the place-of-opening
of the pilot-guiding instruments;
The great landmark,
the mountain by which Utu rises,
I have established as my dais."
"....Ninharsag....to the Egyptians she was known as "Hat-hor.
Texbooks will tell us that the name means "House of Horus"; but that
is only superficially correct. The reading stems from the
hieroglyphic writing of the name depicting a house and a falcon, the
falcon having been the symbol of Horus because he could soar as a
falcon. What the goddessís name literally meant was: "Goddess Whose
Home is Where the íFalconsí Are," where the astronauts make their
"....All the temples and stelas erected by
Egyptian Pharaohs in the
peninsula were dedicated exclusively to this goddess. And, like Ninharsag in her later years,
Hathor, too, was nicknamed "The Cow"
and was depicted with Cowís horns.
"But was Hathor also - as we have claimed for
Ninharsag - Mistress
of the Great Pyramid? That, amazingly but not surprisingly, she
The Inventory Stela
(click image right)
Live Horus Mezdau.
To king of Upper and Lower Egypt, Khufu,
Life is given!
He founded the House of Isis, Mistress of the Pyramid
beside the House of the Sphinx.
"At his time, then,
Isis (the wife of Osiris and the mother of Horus)
was considered to have been the "Mistress of the Pyramid"
"But as the continuing inscription makes clear, she was not the
pyramidís first mistress:
Live Horus Mezdau.
To king of Upper and Lower Egypt, Khufu,
Life is given!
For his divine mother Isis,
Mistress of the "The Western Mountain of Hathor,"
he made [this] writing on a stela.
"Thus, was not only the
Pyramid a "Mountain of Hathor" - the exact
parallel of the Sumerian "House Which is Like a Mountain" - but also
it was her western mountain, implying that she also had an eastern
one. That, we know from the Sumerian sources, was the Har-Sag, the
highest peak in the Sinai peninsula.
"In spite of the rivalry and suspicions between the two divine
dynasties, there is little doubt that the works of constructing the
Spaceport and the control and guidance facilities fell into the
hands of Enki and his descendants. Ninurta proved himself capable of
damming and irrigation works: Utu/Shamash knew how to command and
operate the landing and take-off facilities; but only Enki, the
master engineer and scientist who had been through all this before,
had the require know-how and experience for planning the massive
construction works and supervising their execution.
"There is not even a hint in Sumerian texts that describe the
achievements of Ninurta and Utu that either one of them had planned
or engaged in space-related construction works. When Ninurta, in
later times, called upon a Sumerian king to build him a ziggurat
with a special enclosure for his Divine Bird, it was another god,
accompanying Ninurta, who gave the king the architectural plans and
building instructions. On the other hand, several texts reported
that Enki had passed to his son Marduk the scientific knowledge he
had possessed. The texts report a conversation between father and
son, after Marduk had approached his father with a difficult
Enki answered his son Marduk:
"My son, what is it you do not know?
What more could I give to you?
Marduk, what is it that you do not know?
What could I give you in addition?
Whatever I know, you know!"
"Since the similarities between
Ptah and Enki as the father, and
Marduk and Ra as the son, are so strong, we should not be surprised
at all to find that Egyptian texts did connect Ra with space
facilities and with related construction works. In this he was
assisted by Shu and Tefnut, Geb and Nut, and
Thoth the god of
magical things. The Sphinx, the "divine guide" that showed the way
eastward exactly along the 30th parallel, bore the features of "Hor-Akhti
("Falcon of the Horizon") the epithet for Ra.
This chapter concludes, after
Mr. Sitchin relates another Egyptian
tale of Pharaoh Khufu, his three sons and the "secret of the
Chambers of Thoth" in the Great Pyramid (already blocked and hidden
in Khufuís time!) When Khufu, through a sage found out he could not
open the Chamber, but one of his future descendants would, decreed
so by Ra, Khufu then built, near the Sphinx, a temple dedicated to
the Mistress of the Pyramid.
"The circle of evidence is thus complete.
Sumerian and Egyptian texts confirm each other and our conclusions:
The same neutral
goddess was the mistress of Sinaiís highest peak and of the
artificial mountain erected in Egypt, both to serve as anchors of
the Landing Corridor.
"But the Anunnakiís desire to keep the
Sinai peninsula and its
facilities neutral did not prevail for long. Rivalry and love
tragically combined to upset the status quo; and the divided Earth
was soon embroiled in the Pyramid Wars.
THE PYRAMID WARS
"In the year 363
His Majesty Ra, the holy one, the Falcon of the
Horizon, the Immortal who forever lives, was in the
land of Khenn.
He was accompanied by his warriors, for the enemies had conspired
against their lord. . . Horus, the Winged Measurer, came to the boat
of Ra. He said to his forefather: "O Falcon of the Horizon, I have
seen the enemy conspire against thy Lordship, to trade the Luminous
Crown unto themselves. . . Then Ra, the holy one, the Falcon of the
Horizon, said unto Horus, the Winged Measurer: íLofty issue of
my begotten: Go quickly, knock down the enemy whom you have seen.í "
"Thus began the tale inscribed on the temple walls in the
Egyptian city of Edfu. It is the tale we believe, of what could only
be called the
First Pyramid War - a war that had its roots in the
never-ending struggle for control over Earth and its space
facilities and in the shenanigans of the Great Anunnaki,
especially Enki/Ptah and his son Ra/Marduk.
Sinai peninsula, where the Spaceport was
established, and the Giza pyramids were supposed to remain neutral
under the aegis of Ninharsag, it is doubtful whether the builders of
these facilities - Enki and his descendants - had really any
intentions of relinquishing control over these installations. A
Sumerian text, which begins with an idyllic description, has been
named by scholars a "Paradise Myth." Its ancient name was
Ninharsag, and it is, in fact, a tale of a deal between
Enki and his
half-sister Ninharsag pertaining to the control of Egypt and the
Sinai peninsula - of the pyramids and the Spaceport.
"The taleís time is after Earth was apportioned between
Anunnaki, with Tilmun (the Sinai peninsula) granted to
Egypt as Enkiís clan.
"....Enkiís real intention was to obtain a son by his half-sister;
but the offspring was a daughter.
Enki later committed incest with his daughter and grand-daughter.
Eight gods - six female and two male were born to Enki. Ninharsag
angered, stopped him with her nursing skills making Enki sick.
Eventually, Ninharsag changed her mind, and:
"....After she cured his body part by part,
Enki proposed that the
two of them as masters of Egypt and the Sinai assign tasks, spouses,
and territories to the eight young gods:
Let Abu be the master of the plants;
Let Nintulla be the lord of Magan;
Let Ninsutu marry Ninazu;
Let Ninkashi be she who sates the thirsts;
Let Nazi marry Nindara;
Let Azimua marry Ningishzida;
Let Nintu be the queen of the months;
Let Enshag be the lord of Tilmun!
"Egyptian theological texts from
Memphis likewise held that "there
came into being" eight gods from the heart, tongue, teeth, lips and
other parts of the body of Ptah.
"....If, as it appears, these tales had a basis in fact, then the
rivalries that such confused parentages brought about could only be
aggravated by the sexual shenanigans attributed to Ra as well. The
most significant among these was the assertion that Osiris was truly
the son of Ra and not of Geb, conceived when Ra had come by stealth
unto his own granddaughter. This as we have earlier related, lay at
the core of the Osiris-Seth conflict.
"Why had Seth, to whom
Upper Egypt had been alloted by Geb, coveted
Lower Egypt, which was granted to Osiris? Egyptologists have offered
explanations in terms of geography, the landís fertility, etc. But
as we have shown, there was one more factor - one that, from the
godís point of view, was more important than how many crops a region
could grow: The Great Pyramid and its companions at
controlled them shared in the control of the space activities, of
the coming and goings of the gods, of the vital supply link to and
from the Twelfth Planet....
year 363" following the disappearance of Osiris, the young
Horus became the avenger of his father and launched a war against
Seth - the First Pyramid War. It was, as we have seen, also the
first war in which the gods involved men in their struggles.
"Supported by other
Enki-gods reigning in Africa, the avenger
began the hostilities in Upper Egypt. Aided by the
Winged Disk that Thoth had fashioned for him,
Horus persistently advanced northward,
toward the pyramids.
After fierce battles Horus became victorious, with
Seth hiding in
one battle, and being seriously wounded in another.
"So the Council of the Gods gave the whole of Egypt "as heritage... to
"And what had become of Seth, one of the eight gods descended from
"He was banished from Egypt and
took abode in Asiatic lands to the
east, including a place that enabled him "to speak out from the
sky." Was he the god called Enshag in the Sumerian tale of Enki and
Ninharsag, the one to whom Tilmun (the Sinai peninsula) was alloted
by the two lovemakers? If so, then he was the Egyptian (Hamitic) who
had extended his domain over the land of Shem later
known as Canaan.
"It was in this outcome of the
First Pyramid War that there lies an
understanding of biblical tales. Therein lay the causes of the
Second Pyramid War.
"In addition to the
Spaceport and the guidance facilities, there was
also a need after the Deluge for a new Mission control Center, to
replace the one that had existed before in Nippur. We have shown (in
The Stairway to Heaven) that the need to equidistance this center
from the other space-related facilities dictated its locating on
Mount Moriah ("The Mount of Directing"), the site of the future city
"That site, by both Mesopotamian and
biblical accounts, was located
in the lands of Shem - a dominion of the Enlilites. Yet it ended up
under an illegal occupation by the line of Enki, the Hamitic gods,
and by the descendants of the Hamitic Canaan.
tale in the Book of Genesis leaves many aspects
unexplained. Why was Canaan accursed if it was his father who had
accidentally transgressed? Why was his punishment to be a slave of
Shem and to the god of Shem? And how were the gods involved in the
crime and its punishment? As one reads the supplemental information
in the ex-biblical Book of Jubilees, it becomes clear that
offense was the illegal occupation of Shemís territory.
"....Sethís trespass into
Canaan meant that all the space-related
sites - Giza, the Sinai peninsula,
Jerusalem - came under the
control of the Enki gods. It was a development in which the
Enlilites could not acquiesce. And so, soon thereafter - 300 years
later, we believe - they deliberately launched a war to dislodge the
illegal occupiers from the vital space facilities. This
Pyramid War is described in several texts , some found in the
original Sumerian, others in Akkadian and Assyrian renderings.
Scholars refer to these texts as the "Myths of Kur" - "myths" of the
Mountain Lands; they are, in fact, poetically rendered chronicles of the war to
control the space-related peaks - Mount Moriah; the
St. Katherine) in the Sinai; and the artificial mount,
the Ekur (the
Great Pyramid) in Egypt.
Hamitic gods were beaten there, but they retreated to
continue the war from the mountain lands of Africa. Ninurta rose to
the challenge.... in this final phase the war was fought at the
Great Pyramid; the last and impregnable stronghold of Ninurtaís
opponents; there the Hamitic gods were besieged until they run out
of food and water.
"This war, which we call the
Second Pyramid War was commemorated
extensively in Sumeria records - both written chronicles and
King, the glory of thy day is lordly;
Ninurta, Foremost, possessor of the Divine Powers,
who into the throes of the Mountainlands stepped forth.
Like a flood which cannot be stopped,
the Enemyland as with a girdle you tightly bound.
who in battle vehemently enters;
Hero, who in his hand the Divine Brilliant Weapon carries;
Lord: the Mountainland you subdued as your creature.
Ninurta, royal son, whose father to him had given might;
Hero: in fear of thee, the city has surrender . . .
O mighty one -
the Great Serpent, the heroic god,
you tore away from all the mountains.
Ninurta, his feats, and his Brilliant Weapon, the
poem also describes the location of the conflict ("the Mountainlands") and his principal enemy "The Great Serpent,"
of the Egyptian deities. The Sumerian poem identifies this adversary
several times as Azag and once refers to him as Ashar, both well
known epithets for Marduk, thereby establishing the two principal
sons of Enlil and Enki - Ninurta and Marduk -as the
leaders of the
opposing camps in the
Second Pyramid War.
"Ninurta had built a
ship for himself, after his original one had been destroyed in an
accident. It was called IM.DU.GUD, usually translated "Divine Storm
Bird" but which literally means "That Which Like Heroic Storm Runs";
we know from various texts that its wingspan was about seventy five
"Archaic drawings depicted it as a mechanically constructed "bird,"
with two wing surfaces supported by cross beams; an undercarriage
reveals a series of round openings, perhaps air intakes for jetlike
engines. This aircraft, from millennia ago, bears a remarkable
resemblance not only to the early biplanes of the modern air age,
but also an incredible likeness to the sketch made in 1497 by
Leonardo da Vinci, depicting his concept of a man-powered flying
"The Imdugud was the inspiration for
Ninurtaís emblem - a heroic
lion-headed bird rested on two lions or sometimes on two bulls. It
was in this "crafted ship" - a manufactured vehicle - "that which in
war destroys the princely abodes," that Ninurta soared
into the skies during the battles of
Second Pyramid War.
Ishtar, the goddess, was also involved in this war:
"....In the clash of weapons, in the feats of heroship,
arm did not hold back." As the two (leading) gods saw her, they
shouted encouraging her: "Advance hither without stopping! Put your
foot firmly on the Earth! In the mountains we await thee!"
"....The partial verses suggest that after the intensified attack
with Ishtarís assistance, there arose a great cry and lamentation in
the Enemyland. "Fear of Ninurtaís Brilliance encompassed the land,"
and their residents had to use substitutes instead of wheat and
barley "to grind and mill as flour."
"Under this onslaught the
Enemy forces kept retreating south. It was
then that the war assumed its ferocious and vicious character. When
Ninurta led the Enlilite gods in an attack on the heartland of
Nergalís African domain and his temple-city,
Meslam. They scorched
the earth and made the rivers run red with blood of the innocent
bystanders - the men, women, and children of the Abzu.
"....Those who survived the attack on the city escaped to the
surrounding mountains. But Ninurta "with the Weapon That Smites
threw fire upon the mountains; the godly Weapon of the Gods, whose
Tooth is bitter, smote down the people."
"....Overwhelmed by the
merciless onslaught, Azag called on his
followers to show no resistance....
"Ninurta took the lack of resistance as a sign of victory.... but the
claim of victory was premature. By his nonresistance tactics, Azag
had escaped defeat. The capital city was indeed destroyed, but not
so the leaders of the Enemy. Soberly, the text Lugal-e observed:
"The scorpion of Kurt Ninurta did not annihilate." Instead, the
enemy Gods retreated into the Great Pyramid, where "The Wise
Craftsman" - Enki? Thoth? - raised up a protective wall "which the
Brilliance could not match," a shield through which the death rays
could not penetrate.
"Our knowledge of this final and most dramatic phase of the
Pyramid War is augmented by texts from "the other side." Just as
Ninurtaís followers composed hymns to him, so did the followers of
Nergal. Some of the latter, which have also been discovered by
archaeologists, were put together in Gebete und Hymnem on Nergal by
"Recalling the heroic feats of
Nergal in this war, the text relates
how, as the other gods found themselves hemmed in within the Giza
complex, Nergal - "Lofty Dragon Beloved of Ekur" - "at night stole
out" and, carrying awesome weapons and accompanied by his
broke through the encirclement to reach the Great Pyramid (the Ekur).
Reaching it at night, he entered through "the locked doors which by
themselves can open." A roar of welcome greeted him as he entered:
Lord who by night stole out,
had come to the battle!
He cracks his whip, his weapons clank...
He who is welcome, his mighty is immense;
Like a dream at the
doorstep he appeared.
Divine Nergal, the One Who Is Welcome:
Fight the enemy of Ekur,
lay hold on the Wild One from Nippur.
"....As Nergal joined the defenders of the
Great Pyramid ("the
Formidable House Which Is Raised Like a Heap"), he strengthened his
defenses through the various ray-emitting crystals (mineral
"stones") positioned within the pyramid....
"With the pyramidís defenses thus enhanced,
Ninurta resorted to
another tactic, he called upon Utu/Shamash to cut off the pyramidís
water supply by tampering with the "watery stream" that ran near its
"....the besieged gods did their best to ward off their
attackers.... now one of the younger gods - Horus, we believe -
trying to sneak out of the Great Pyramid disguised as a ram, was
struck by Ninurtaís Brilliant Weapon and lost the sight of his eyes.
An Olden God then cried to Ninharsag - reputed for her medical
wonders - to save the young godís life....
"It was then, responding to the "outcry," that
Ninharsag decided to
intervene to stop the fighting.
"The ninth tablet of the Lugal-e text begins with the statement of
Ninharsag, her address to the Enlilite commander, her own son
Ninurta, "the son of Enlil . . . the Legitimate Heir whom the
sister-wife had brought forth."
To the House Where Cord-Measuring begins,
Where Asar his eyes to Anu raised,
I shall go.
The cord I will
for the sake of the warring gods.
"Her destination was the "House Where Cord-Measuring begins,"
"Ninurta was at first astounded by her decision to "enter alone the
Enemyland"; but since her mind was made up, he provided her with
"clothes that should make her unafraid" (of the radiation left by
the beams?). As she neared the pyramid, she addressed Enki: "She shouts to him... she beseeches
exchanges are lost by the breaks in the tablet; but Enki agreed to
surrender the pyramid to her:
The House that is like a heap,
that which I have as a pile raised up -
its mistress you may be.
"There was, however, a condition: The surrender was subject to a
final resolution of the conflict until "the destiny-determining
time" shall come. Promising to relay Enkiís conditions,
went to address Enlil.
Mr. Sitchin now continues narrating from a text titled
I Sing the
Song of the Mother of the Gods, first reported by P. Dhorme in his
study La Souveraine des Dieux. "It is a poetic text in praise of
Ninmah ("the Great Lady") and her role as Mammi ("Mother of the
Gods") on both sides of the battle lines.
"....Asserting that she was acting with the approval of
Ninharsag took the surrender offer of Enki to Enlil. She met him in
the presence of Adad (while Ninurta remained at the battlefield).
"....If she wants to bring about a cessation of hostilities,
said, let her call discussions on the basis that the Enlilites are
about to win.
Adad and Enlil wanted
Enki to attend the discussions as well; so
they sent Ninharsag to fetch him. Assurance for his and his sonís
safety was obtained.
"....She conducted him (Enki) and the other
defenders of the Great
Pyramid to the Harsag, her abode.
Ninurta and his warriors watched
the Enkites depart.
And the great and impregnable structure stood unoccupied, silent.
discussing Cosmology; from Codex Leicester by Leonardo
portray of Leonardo da Vinci.
Three views of a
flying device inspired by Leonardo da Vinci.
The wing span of the "Winged Globe" from Mr. Sitchinís books appears
in the fashion of the wings on these photos.
Mr. Sitchin also
compares them to "solar panels" of our actual "space stations."
visitor to the Great Pyramid finds its passages and chambers bare
and empty, its complex inner construction apparently purposeless,
its neaches and noocks meaningless.
"It has been so ever since the first men had entered the pyramid.
But it was not so when Ninurta entered it - circa 8670 B.C.
according to our calculations. "Unto the radiant place," yielded by
its defenders, Ninurta had entered, the Sumerian text relates. And
what he had done after he had entered changed the Great Pyramid not
only from within and without but also the course of human affairs.
"When, for the first time ever, Ninurta went into the "House which
is like a Mountain," he must have wondered what he would find
inside. Conceived by Enki/Ptah, planned by Ra/Marduk, built by
equipped by Thoth, defended by Nergal, what mysteries of space
guidance, what secret of impregnable defense did it hold?
Ninurta found inside the pyramid, all the features given along these
pages, and of course many more are given in the actual books of Mr. Sitchin.
"....Escorted by the Chief Mineralmaster, Ninurta inspected the
array of "stones" and instruments. As he stopped by each one of
them, he determined its destiny - to be smashed up and destroyed, to
be taken away for display, or to be installed as instruments
elsewhere. We know of these "destinies" and of the order in which
Ninurta had stopped by the stones, from the text inscribed on
tablets 10-13 of the epic poem Lugal-e. It is by following and
correctly interpreting this text that the mystery of the purpose and
functions of many features of the pyramidís inner structure can be
"Going up the Ascending Passage,
Ninurta reached its junction with
the imposing Grand Gallery and a Horizontal Passage. Ninurta
followed the Horizontal Passage first, reaching a large chamber with
a corbelled roof. Called "vulva" in the Ninharsag poem, this
chamberís axis lay exactly on the east-west center line of the
pyramid. Its emission ("an outpouring which is like a lion whom no
one dares attack") came from a stone fitted into a niche that was
hollowed out in the east wall. It was the SHAM ("Destiny")
Emitting a red radiance which Ninurta "saw in the darkness," it was
the pulsating heart of the pyramid. But it was anathema to
for during the battle, when he was aloft, this stoneís "strong
power" was used " to grab to kill me, with a tracking which kills to
seize me." He ordered it "pulled out... be taken apart... and
to obliteration be destroyed."
Among other features, Ninurta encountered:
"....Whereas in the narrow passages only " a
deem green light
glowed," the Gallery glittered in multicolored lights - "its vault
is like a rainbow, the darkness ends there." The many-hued glows
were emitted by twenty-seven pairs of diverse crystal stones that
were evenly spaced along the whole length of each side of the
Gallery.... each crystal stone emitted a different radiance, giving
the place its rainbow effect....
Ninurtaís priority was the uppermost
Grand Chamber and its pulsating
stone.... he reached the Antichamber of unique design...."There
three portcullises - "the bolt, the bar and the lock" of the
Sumerian poem - elaborately fitted into grooves in the walls and
floor, hermetically sealed off the uppermost Grand Chamber: "to foe
it is not opened...." But now, by pulling some cords, the
portcullises were raised, and Ninurta passed through.
"He was now in the
pyramidís most restricted ("sacred") chamber,
from which the guiding "Net" (radar?) was "spread out" to "survey
Heaven and Earth...." It responded to vibrations with bell-like
resonance. The heart of the guidance unit was the GUG Stone
("Direction Determining").... Ninurta ordered this stone destroyed:
"Then, by the fate-determining Ninurta, on that day was the
stone from its hollow taken out and smashed."
"To make sure no one would ever attempt to restore the "Direction
Determining" function of the pyramid, Ninurta also ordered the
"....As he walked down, Ninurta stopped by each on of them (mineral
stones and crystals positioned atop the ramps in the Grand Gallery):
"Several of them
Ninurta ordered to be crushed or pulverized;
others, which could be used in the Mission Control Center, were
ordered given to Shamash; and the rest were carried to Mesopotamia,
to be displayed in Ninurtaís temple, in Nippur, and elsewhere as
constant evidence of the great victory of the Enlilites over the
"All this, Ninurta announced, he was doing not only for his sake but
for future generations, to:
"Let the fear of thee" - the
Pyramid - "be removed from my descendants; let their peace be
Finally there was the
Apex Stone of the Pyramid, the UL ("High As
The Sky") Stone: "Let the motherís offspring see it no more," he
ordered. And, as the stone was sent crashing down, "let everyone
distance himself," he shouted. The "Stones," which were "anathema"
to Ninurta, were no more.
Ninurta returned home.... at
Nippur.... his comrades urged him....
may thy heart be at rest.... may thy heart become appeased....
Second Pyramid War was over, but its ferocity and feats, and
Ninurtaís final victory at the pyramids of Giza, were remembered
long thereafter in epic and song - and in a remarkable drawing on a
cylinder seal, showing Ninurtaís Divine Bird within a victory
wreath, soaring in triumph above the two great pyramids.
the Great Pyramid itself, bare and void without its apex stone,
has been left standing as a mute witness of the defeat of its
PEACE ON EARTH
"How did the Pyramid Wars end?
"They ended as historic wars have ended in historic times:
peace conference; with the gathering of the combatants, as at the
Congress of Vienna (1814 - 1815), which redrew the map of Europe
after the Napoleonic Wars, on the Paris Peace Conference that ended
World War I (1914 -1918) with the Treaty of Versailles.
"The first inkling that the warring Anunnaki had convened in a
similar manner some ten thousand years ago comes from the text which
George A. Barton found inscribed on a broken clay-cylinder. It was
an Akkadian version of a much earlier Sumerian text; and
concluded that the clay cylinder was deposited by the ruler Naram-Sin
circa 2300 B.C. when this Akkadian king repaired the platform of Enlilís temple in Nippur.
"....In spite of damage to the text, especially at the beginning, it
is clear that the leading gods gathered in the aftermath of a great
and bitter war. We learn that they convened at the Harsag,
Ninharsagís mountain abode in the Sinai, and that she played the
role of peacemaker. Yet she is not treated by the textís author as a
really neutral personage: he repeatedly refers to her by the epithet
Tsir ("Snake"), which stamped her as an
Egyptian/Enkite goddess and
convey a derogatory connotation.
"....The Enlilitesí first reaction to
Niharsagís bold initiative was
to accuse her of giving aid and comfort to the "demons."
denied the accusation: "My House is pure," she answered. But a god
whose identity is unclear challenged her sarcastically; "Is the
House which is loftier and brightest of all" - the Great Pyramid -
"Of that I cannot speak,"
Ninharsag answered; "its brilliance Gibil
"After the first accusations and explanations wore off some of the
bitterness, a symbolic ceremony of forgiveness was performed. It
involved two jars holding waters of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers,
a ceremony of symbolic baptism making Ninharsag welcome again in
Mesopotamia. Enlil touched her with his "bright scepter," and the
"power of her was not overthrown."
At Harsag, where all the leading gods had gathered for the "peace
conference," and after Ninharsag executed a ceremony of her own,
incantations, and extolling the virtues of peace:
"....Enlil was the first to speak. "Removed is the affliction from
the face of the Earth," Enlil declared to Enki; "the
Great Weapon is
lifted up." He agreed to let Enki regain his abode in
Sumer: "the E.DIN shall be a place for thy Holy House," with enough land around
to bear fruit for the temple and to have seeded fields.
"On hearing this
Ninurta objected. "Let it not come!" the "prince of
Ninharsag intervened again, and eventually the negotiations could
"....And we pick up the tale of the unprecedented encounter between
the two warring gods from the text I Sing the Song of the Mother of
Gods. First to address the assembled Anunnaki was
Enki addressed to Enlil words of lauding:
"O one who is foremost among the brothers
Bull of Heaven, who the fate of Mankind holds:
In my lands, desolation is widespread;
All the dwellings are filled with sorrow
by your attacks."
"The first item of the agenda was thus the cessation of hostilities
- peace on Earth - and Enlil readily agreed, on condition that the
territorial disputes be brought to an end and the lands rightfully
belonging to the Enlilites and the people of the line of Shem be
vacated by the Enkites. Enki agreed to cede forever these
"I will grant thee the rulerís position
in the godsí Restricted Zone;
The Radiant Place, in thy hand I will entrust!"
"In so ceding the
Restricted Zone (the Sinai peninsula with its
Spaceport) and the Radiant Place (the site of
Center, the future Jerusalem) Enki had a firm condition. In return
for granting Enlil and his offspring eternal rights to those lands
and vital sites, the sovereignty of Enki and his descendants over
the Giza complex had to be recognized for all time.
"Enlil agreed but not without a
condition: the sons of Enki who had
brought about the war and used the Great Pyramid for combat purposes
should be barred for ruling over Giza, or over the whole of
Egypt, for that matter.
Enki announced his decision and made
lord of Giza and Lower Egypt, a
young son of his, whom he named with the exalted title NIN.GISH.ZI.DA ("Lord of the Artifact of Life")
"....Who was Ningishzidda? Scholars find the information concerning
him meager and confusing.... our own conclusion is that he was
indeed a son of Enki, conceived during Enkiís and Ereshkigal stormy
voyage to the Lower World. As such, he was acceptable to both sides
as guardian of the secrets of the pyramid.
"What did the Egyptians called this
son of Enki/Ptah? Their "god of
the cord who measures the Earth" was Thoth; he was (as the
the Magicians related) the one appointed to be guardian of the
secrets of the Giza pyramids. It was Thoth, according to
who replaced Horus on the throne of Egypt; it happened circa
8670 B.C. - just at the time when the
Second Pyramid War had ended. Having thus settled the disputes between them, the
turned to the affairs of mankind.
"As one reads the ancient words it becomes clear that this
conference dealt not only with the cessation of hostilities and the
drawing of binding territorial lines; it also laid the plans for the
manner in which the lands would be settled by mankind! We read that
Enki "before the feet of the adversary [Enlil] laid the cities that
were alloted to him"; Enlil, in turn, "before the feet of his
adversary [Enki] the land Sumer he laid out."
"....And with all these matters settled,
Enki and his sons departed
for their African domains.
But among Enlilís direct heirs there was dispute.....
"....We learn that at that crucial moment, the rivalry between
Ninurta - the legal heir, being the son of Enlil by his half-sister
- and Nannar, the first born of Enlil by his official spouse
had broken out in full force. Enlil, we are told, contemplated
favorably the attributes of Nannar: "A firstborn. . . of beautiful
countenance, perfect of limbs, wise without compare." Enlil, "him
loved" because he gave him the two all important grandchildren, the
twins Utu/Shamash and Inanna/Ishtar, he called Nannar
"Multiplying Lord" - an endearing epithet from which there stemmed
the Akkadian/Semitic name for Nannar: Sin. But as much as
favored Nannar, the fact was that it was Ninurta who was the legal
heir, he was "Enlilís foremost warrior," and he led the
"Could one ever imagine, in those far-reaching decisions that were
to affect the fate of gods and men for millennia to come, that the
female spouses had played such a decisive role? We read of Ningal
coming to the aid of her husband (Sin); we see Ninlil being enlisted
in persuading the wavering Enlil. But then there entered the scene
yet another great goddess - and by her words achieved an unintended
"As Enlil was urged by Ninlil to "follow your heart" rather than his
mind, to prefer the firstborn over the legal heir....
at Ninurtaís protests:
"....we learn that
Ninharsag threw in her weight behind her son
"....But Ninharsagís appeal was ill-worded. She meant to appeal as
Enlilís sister in behalf of the child (Ninurta) she bore him; but
her call sounded like an appeal to Enki. Enraged, Enlil shouted at
her: "Who is this brother of yours that you call? This brother, who
an infant made you carry?" And he made a decision favoring the line
of Sin. Ever since then, and to this very day, the Land of the
Spaceport has been known as Sinís land - Sinai peninsula.
"As his final act
Enlil appointed Sinís son as the commander of the
Mission Control Center:
He called in Shamash
The grandchild of Ninlil.
He took him [by the hand];
In Shulim he placed him.
the "City of shulim" - was given to Shamash to command. Its name,
SHU.LIM, meant "The supreme Place of the Four Regions," applied to
it, possibly the forerunner of the Jewish emblem called the Star of
"Replacing the pre-Diluvial Nippur as the
Control Center, Jerusalem also acquired Nippurís former title of
being the Navel of the Earth - the central point in the Divine Grid
that made the comings and goings between Earth and
Emulating the concentric pre-Diluvial plan based on Nippur, the site
selected for the "Navel of the Earth" - Mount Moriah - was located
on the middle line, the Landing Path, within the Landing Corridor;
it was equidistant from the Landing Platform in
Baalbek and the
"The two anchors of the
Landing Corridor also had to be equidistant
from Mission Control Center; but here there was a need to make a
change in the original plans, for the previous artificially
constructed "House Which Is Like a Mountain" - the
Great Pyramid -
was stripped of its crystals and equipment and was rendered useless
by Ninurta.... still precisely on the northwestern corridor line but
north of Giza, a new Beacon City, the Egyptians called it the
of Anu.... the Greeks, millennia later called the place
(click image right).
"The shifting of the beacon site at the northwestern anchor of the
Landing corridor from Giza to Heliopolis also required a shift in
the southeastern anchor, to keep the two anchors equidistant from
Mount Moriah.... Mount Umm-Shumar was found precisely on the
"....The construction, manning, and operation of the aerospace
facilities in Tilmun and Canaan required new supply routes and
protective outposts. The sea lane to Tilmun was improved by the
establishment of a port city ("Tilmun City," as distinguished from
the "Land Tilmun") on the eastern shore of the Red Sea, probably
where the port city of el-Tor still exists. It also led, we believe,
to the establishments of the worldís oldest town: Jericho, which was
dedicated to Sin (Yeriho in Hebrew) and his celestial symbol,
"The age of Jericho has been an enigma that has continually
the scholars. They broadly divide manís advancement (which spread
from the Near East) into the Mesolithic ("Middle Stone")
saw the introduction of agriculture and animal domestication circa
11,000 B.C.; a Neolithic ("New Stone") Age 3,600 later, bringing
with it villages and pottery; and then, finally,
civilization, again 3,600 years later. Yet there was
urban site occupied and built by unknowns sometime circa 8500 B.C.,
when man had not yet learned to lead even a village life...
Jericho.... "was protected by a massive wall that surrounded the
town (millennia before Joshua!).
"....Who could have built this advanced town so early, who had come
to live in such a place, and whom it served as a fortified store
"The solution to this enigma lies, in our opinion, in the
of the "gods," not of men. It lies in the fact that the incredible
first urban settlement in Jericho (from circa 8500 B.C. to 7000
B.C.) exactly matches the period which, according to Manetho,
encompassed the reign of Toth in Egypt (from about 8670 to 7100
B.C.) His accession, as we have seen from the Mesopotamian texts,
followed the Peace Conference.
"....The period the Egyptians associated with the
reign of Thoth was
a time of peace among the gods, when the Anunnaki first and foremost
established settlements relating to the construction and the
protection of the new space facilities.
"The sea lane to
Egypt and Tilmun, via the Red Sea, had to be
augmented by a land route that could connect Mesopotamia with the
Mission Control Center and the Spaceport.
"....The most vital of these, the one that led directly to
Control Center in Jerusalem, was the crossing point at
was there that the Israelites crossed the Jordan into the
Land. It was there, we suggest, that millennia earlier the Anunnaki
established a town to guard the crossing point and to supply the travellers with provisions for the continued journey. Until man made
Jericho his home, it was an outpost of the gods.
the Anunnaki have built a settlement only on the west side of
the Jordan, leaving the more vital eastern side, where the
Highway ran, unprotected? It stands to reason that a settlement
should have existed on the opposite, eastern side of the Jordan,
"....The puzzling place with outstanding remains, was first
unearthed in 1929 by an archaeological mission organized by the
Vaticanís Pontifical Biblical Institute. The archaeologists, led by
Alexis Mallon, were surprised by the high level of civilization
found there.... The place is named after the mound where it was found
- Tel Ghassul.
"....The principal remains uncovered at
Tel Ghassul cover a period
when it was occupied by highly advanced settlers from before 4000
B.C. to circa 2000 B.C. (when it was abruptly abandoned).
Several details of
Tel Ghassul (Teleilat
are given in the book, but among the
most prominent findings were the painted murals:
"....The archaeologists who had discovered these murals during the
1931-32 and 1932-33 excavations theorized that the rayed object (on
a mural, from which a depiction of a person whom apparently had
stepped out of an object emitting rays) might have been similar to a
most unusual rayed "star" found painted in another building. It was
an eight-pointed "star" within a larger eight-pointed "star,"
culminating in a burst of eight rays
(below image). The precise design, employing
a variety of geometric shapes, was artificially executed in black,
red, white, gray, and combinations thereof; a chemical analysis of
the paints used showed that they were not natural substances but
sophisticated compounds of twelve to eighteen minerals.
"....There is no evidence of any religious worship whatsoever, no
"cult objects," statuettes of gods, etc.... This, we suggest,
indicates that it was inhabited not by worshippers but by those who
were the subject of worshipping: the "gods" of antiquity,
"In fact, we have come upon a similar design in Washington, D.C. It
can be seen in the foyer of the headquarters of the National
Geographic Society: a floor mosaic of a compass denoting the
Societyís interest in the four corners of the Earth and their
intermediate points (east, northeast; north, northwest; west,
southwest; south, southeast). It was this we believe, that the
designís ancient painters, too, had in mind: to indicate their, and
the placeís association with the four regions of the Earth.
At Tell Ghassulís murals there were also depictions of the already
described (in previous books) "Whirlwinds" of the Near Eastern
texts.... the "Flying Saucers" of the Anunnaki?
"The Tell Ghassul/Jericho crossing point played important and
miraculous roles in several biblical events in the site. It was
there that the prophet Elijah crossed the river (to its eastern
bank) in order to keep an appointment - at Tell Ghassul? - to be
taken aloft by "a chariot of fire . . . in a Whirlwind." It was in
that area that at the end of the Israelite Exodus from Egypt,
(having been denied by the Lord entry into Canaan proper),
from the plain of Moab" - the area of Tell Ghassul - "unto the
of Nebo, to its uppermost peak, which overlooked Jericho; and the
Lord showed him all the land: the Gilead up to Dan, and the
land of Naphtali and the land of Ephraim and
Manasseh and the whole land of
Judea, unto the Mediterranean; and the Negeb and the plain valley of
Jericho, the city of datepalms."
It is a description of a view as
encompassing as that seen by the archaeologists who stood atop Tell Ghassul.
"Indeed, the Old
Testament clearly states that there had been in earlier times
settlements of the Anunnaki at the vital approaches to the
peninsula and Jerusalem. Hebron, the city guarding the route between
Jerusalem and the Sinai, "was called earlier Kiryat Arba
("Stronghold of Arba"), a Great Man ("king") among
the Anakim he
was" (Joshua 14:15). The descendants of the Anakim, we are further
told, were still residing in the area during the Israelite conquest
of Canaan; and there are numerous other biblical references to
abodes of the Anakim on the east side of the Jordan.
"Who were these Anakim? The term is commonly translated "giants,"
just as the biblical term Nefilim had been translated. But we have
already shown conclusively that by Nefilim ("Those Who Had Come
Down") the Old Testament had referred to the "People of the Rocketships."
Anakim, we suggest were none other than the Anunnaki.
"No one had hitherto paid any particular attention to the count of
3,650 years which Manetho assigned to the reign of the "demigods"
who belonged to the dynasty of Thoth. We, however, find the figure
highly significant, for it defers but by 50 years from the
3,600-year orbit of Nibiru, the home planet of the
"....We can assume that at each of these intervals the fate of
mankind and the godís relations with it were discussed by the Great
Anunnaki, the "seven who decree." We know for sure that such a
deliberation had taken place prior to the sudden and otherwise
inexplicable blooming of the Sumerian civilization, for the
Sumerians have left us records of such discussions!
"When the reconstruction of
Sumer began, first to have been rebuilt
on its soil were the Olden Cities but no longer as exclusive
of the Gods; for mankind was now allowed into these urban centers to
tend the surrounding fields, orchards and cattlefolds in behalf of
the gods, and to be in the service of the gods in all conceivable
manners: not only as cooks and bakers, artisans and clothiers, but
also as priests, musicians, entertainers, and temple prostitutes.
"First to be established was Eridu. Having been
settlement on Earth, it was given to him anew in perpetuity....
For Enlil and Ninlil
Nippur was reestablished.... this time equipped
not as Mission Control Center but with awesome weapons: "the
Eye which scans the land"; and "the Lifted Beam," which penetrates
all. Their sacred area also housed Enlilís "fast-stepping Bird"
whose "grasp no one could escape."
At this stage, a gathering of
the Great Anunnaki took place, to
which Anu and Antu his spouse attended, coming from
great pomposity they were received, presented to their new abode on
Earth: E.ANNA - "House of Anu." After
deliberating the fate for
mankind, and after Anu and Antu departed for Nibiru, the need to
give mankind "Kingship" was decided. Reaching to the tales of
Tower of Babel, Mr. Sitchin concludes this chapter:
"....It is undoubtedly an
Akkadian version of the Sumerian tale of
the Tower of Babel; and it is clear from it that the incident was
brought about not by mankind but by the gods themselves. Mankind was
only a pawn in the struggle.
"....As the sinful work came to the attention of "the lord of the
Pure Mound" - already identified as Enlil in the Cattle and Grain
tale - Enlil "to Heaven on Earth spoke... He lifted his heart to
the Lord of the Gods, Anu, his father, to receive a command his
heart requested. At that time he also lifted up [his heart? voice?]
to Damkina." We well know that she was the mother of Marduk; so all
the clues point to him as the instigator....
The Tower of Babel was destroyed, in his anger, by
Enlil, and the
people was filled with confusion.
"....The ancient Mesopotamian scribe ended the
tale of the Tower of
Babel with a bitter memory. Because they "against the gods revolted
with violence, violently they wept for Babylon, very much they
The biblical version also names
Babel (Hebrew for Babylon) as the
place where the incident had occurred. The name is significant, for
in its original Akkadian - Bab-Ili- it meant "Gateway of the Gods,"
the place by which the gods were to enter and leave Sumer....
"....The biblical and Mesopotamian texts - undoubtedly based on an
original Sumerian chronicle - thus relate the same incident:
Mardukís frustrated attempt to prevent the transfer of kingship from
Kish to Erech and Ur - cities destined to be power centers of
and his children - and to seize suzerainty for his own city,
"By this attempt, however, Marduk started a
change of events replete