"As if the similarities of the genealogies and warfare between the
Greek and Hindu gods were not enough, tablets discovered in the
Hittite royal archives (at a site nowadays called Boghazkoi)
contained more tales of the same story: how, as one generation waned
unto the other, one god fought another for supremacy.
"The longest texts discovered dealt, as could be expected, with the
Hittite supreme deity Teshub: his genealogy, his rightful assumption
of dominion over Earthís upper regions, and the battles launched
against him by the god KUMARBI and his offspring. As in the Greek
and Egyptian tales, the avenger of Kumarbi was hidden with the aid
of allied gods until he grew up somewhere in a "dark-hued" part of
Earth. The final battles raged in the skies and in the seas; in one
battle Teshub was supported by seventy gods riding in their
chariots. At first defeated and either hiding or exiled, Teshub
finally faced his challenger in god-to-god combat. Armed with the
"Thunder-Stormer which scatters the rocks for ninety furlongs" and
"the Lightning which flashes frightfully," he ascended skyward in
his chariot, pulled by two gold-plated Bulls of Heaven, and "from
the sky he set his face" toward his enemy. Though the fragmented
tablets lack the taleís ending, it is evident that Teshub was
"Who were these ancient gods,
who fought each other for supremacy and sought dominion over
Earth by pitting nation against nation?
"Fittingly, perhaps, treaties that had ended some of the very wars
launched by men for their gods provide important clues.
Egyptians and the Hittites made peace after more than two
centuries of warfare, it was sealed by the marriage of the daughter
of the Hittite king Hattusilish III to the Egyptian Pharaoh
II. The Pharaoh recorded the event on commemorative stelas which he
placed at Kamak, at Elephantine near Aswan and at
Pharaoh Ramses II had refused accepting the texts of the Peace
Treaty from king Hattusilish, but the king decided finally to send
his elder daughter to him with tributes and accompanied by nobles.
The Pharaoh, he at once fell in love.
"....Two copies, one almost complete, the other fragmentary, have
been discovered, deciphered, and translated by Egyptologists. As a
result we not only have the full text of the Treaty but also know
that the Hittite king wrote down the Treaty in the Akkadian
language, which was then (as French was a century and two ago) the
common language of international relations. To the Pharaoh he sent a
copy of the Akkadian original written on a silver tablet, which the
Egyptian inscription at Kamak described thus:
What is in the middle of the tablet of silver, on the front side:
Figures consisting of an image of
Seth, embracing a figure of the
Great Prince of Hatti, surrounded by a border with the words "the
seal of Seth, ruler of the sky; "the seal of the regulation which
Hattusilish made". . .
What is within that which surrounds the image of the seal of
the other side:
Figures consisting of a female image of the
goddess of Hatti
embracing a female image of the Princes of Hatti, surrounded by a
border with the words "the seal of the Ra of the town of
lord of the land". . .
What is within the [frame] surrounding the figures: the seal of
of Arinna, the lord of every land.
"In the royal Hittite archives, archaeologists have in fact
discovered royal seals depicting the chief Hittite deity embracing
the Hittite king, exactly as described in the Egyptian record, even
including the inscription surrounding the border of the seal....
"But the Hittite texts called their chief deity Teshub not "Seth of Hatti." Since
Teshub meant "Windy Storm," and Seth (to judge by his
Greek name Typhon) meant "Fierce Wind," it appeared that the
Egyptians and Hittites were matching their pantheons according to
the epithet-names of their gods.
"....The Egyptians and the
Hittites, it became evident, were
matching separate, but parallel, pantheons; and scholars began to
wonder what other ancient treaties would reveal. One that provided
surprising information was the treaty made circa 1350 B.C. between
the Hittite king Shuppilulima and Mattiwaza, king of the
kingdom of Mitanni, which was situated on the Euphrates river midway
between the Land of the Hittites and the ancient lands of Sumer and
"....As all treaties in those days, the one between the
Hittite and Mitannian kings also ended with a call upon "the
gods of the
contracting parties to be present, to listen and to serve as
witnesses," so that adherence to the treaty shall bring divine
bliss, and its violation the wrath of the gods.
"....As other discovered texts proved, the
Hittite pantheon was in
fact borrowed from (or through) the Hurrians. But this particular
treaty held a special surprise: toward the end of the tablet, among
the divine witnesses, there were also listed Mitra-ash, Uruwana,
Indar, and the Nashatiyanu gods - the very Mitra,
Varuna, Indra, and
the Nasaya gods of the Hindu pantheon!
"Which of the three -
Hittite, Hindu, Hurrian - was then the common
source? The answer was provided in the same Hittite-Mitannian
treaty: none of them; for those so-called "Aryan"
gods were listed
in the treaty together with their parents and grandparents, the
the couples Anu and
Antu, Enlil and his spouse Ninlil,
Ea and his wife Damkina; as well as "the divine
Sin, lord of the
oath . . . Nergal of Kutha . . . the warrior god Ninurta . . . the
"These are familiar names; they had been involved in earlier days by
Sargon of Akkad, who had claimed that he was "overseer of
anointed priest of Anu, great righteous shepherd of Enlil."
Naram-Sin ("Whom the god Sin Loves") could attack the
Cedar Mountain when the god Nergal "opened the path" for him
Hammurabi of Babylon marched against other lands "on the command of
Anu, with Enlil advancing in front of the army"
The Assyrian king
Tiglat-Pileser went conquering on the command of
Anu, Adad, and
Shalmaneser fought with weapons provided by
Esarhaddon was accompanied by
Ishtar on his march to Nineveh
"No less illuminating was the discovery that the
Hittites and the Hurrians, though they pronounced the deitiesí names in their own
language, wrote the names employing Sumerian script; even the
"divine" determinative used was the Sumerian DIN.GIR, literally
meaning "The Righteous Ones" (DIN) "Of the Rocketship."
"....By the time the Hittites and their writings were reclaimed from
oblivion, scholars had already determined that before the Hittite
and Egyptian civilizations, before Assyria and Babylon, even before
Akkad, there arose in southern Mesopotamia the high civilization of
Sumer. All the others were offshoots of that first-known
"And it is by now established beyond doubt that
it was in Sumer that
the tales of gods and men were first recorded.... It was that
numerous texts - more numerous that can be imagined, more detailed
than could be expected - were first inscribed. It was there that the
written records of history and prehistory on our planet Earth had
originated. We call them THE EARTH CHRONICLES.
"The discovery and
understanding of the ancient civilizations has been a process of
continuous astonishment, of incredible realizations. The monuments
of antiquity -pyramids, ziggurats, vast platforms, columned ruins,
carved stones - would have remained enigmas, mute evidence to bygone
events, were it not for the Written Word. Were it not for that, the
ancient monuments would have remained puzzles: their age uncertain;
their creators obscure; their purpose unclear.
"We owe what we know to the ancient scribes - a prolific and
meticulous lot, who used monuments, artifacts, foundation stones,
bricks, utensils, weapons of any conceivable material, as inviting
slates on which to write down names and record events. Above all
there were the clay tablets: flattened pieces of wet clay, some
small enough to be held in the palm of the hand, on which the scribe
deftly embossed with a stylus the symbols that formed syllables,
words, and sentences. Then the tablet would be left to dry (or be
kiln-dried), and a permanent record had been created - a record that
has survived millennia of natural erosion and human destructiveness.
"In place after place - in centers of commerce or administration, in
temples and palaces, in all parts of the ancient Near East - there
were both state and private archives full of such tablets, and there
were also actual libraries where the tablets, tens of thousands of
them, were neatly arranged by subject, their contents entitled,
their scribed named, their sequel numbered. Invariably, whenever
they dealt with history or science or the gods, they were identified
as copies of earlier tablets, tablets in the "olden language."
"Astounded as the archaeologists were to uncover the grandeur of
Assyria and Babylonia, they were even more puzzled to read in their
inscriptions of "olden cities." And what was the meaning of the
title "king of Sumer and Akkad" that the kings of these empires
coveted so much?
"It was only with the discovery of the records concerning
Sargon of Agade that modern scholars were able to convince themselves that a
great kingdom, the Kingdom of Akkad, had indeed arisen in Mesopotamia
half a millennium before Assyria and Babylonia were to
was with the greatest amazement that scholars read in these records
that Sargon "defeated Uruk and tore down its wall . . .
of Agade, was victorious over the inhabitants of Ur. . . He defeated
E-Nimmar and tore down its wall and defeated its territory from
Lagash as far as the sea. His weapons he washed in the sea. In the
battle with the inhabitants of Umma he was victorious..."
"The scholars were incredulous: Could there have been urban centers,
walled cities, even before Sargon of Agade, even before 2500 B.C.?
"As is now known, indeed there were. These were the cities and urban
centers of Sumer, the "Sumer" in the title "king of Sumer and Akkad."
It was, as a century of archaeological discoveries and scholarly
research has established, the land where Civilization began nearly
six thousand years ago; when suddenly and inexplicably, as though
out of nowhere, there appeared:
a written language and literature
kings and priests
schools and temples
doctors and astronomers
high rise buildings, canals, docks, and ships
an advance metallurgy
a textile industry
laws and concepts of justice and morality
tales and records of history and prehistory
"In all these writings, be it an epic tale or two-line proverbs, in
inscriptions mundane or divine, the same facts emerge as an
unshakable tenet of the Sumerians and the peoples that followed
them: in bygone days, the DIN.GIR - "The Righteous Ones of the
Rocketships," the beings the Greeks began to call "gods" - had come
to Earth from their own planet. . . The Akkadian name,
"Land of the Guardians."
"....The statement that the first to establish settlements on Earth
were astronauts from another planet was not lightly made by the
Sumerians. In text after text, whenever the starting point was
recalled, it was always this: 432,000 years before the Deluge, the
DIN.GIR (Righteous Ones of the Rocketships) came down from their
own planet. The Sumerians considered it a twelfth member of our
Solar System - a system made up of the Sun in the center, the Moon,
all the nine planets we know of today, and one more planet whose
orbit lasts a Sar, 3,600 Earth-years.... This orbit, they wrote,
takes the planet to a "station" in the distant heavens, then brings
it back to Earthís vicinity, crossing between Mars and
was in that position - as depicted in a 4,500 year-old Sumerian
drawing that the planet obtained its name NIBIRU ("Crossing")
its symbol, the Cross.
"The leader of the
astronauts who had come to Earth from Nibiru, we
know from numerous ancient texts, was called E.A ("Whose House Is
Water"); after he had landed and established Eridu, the
Station, he assumed the title EN.KI ("Lord of Earth")....
"A text that was discovered in the ruins of Sumer describes
efforts to build extraordinary waterworks in the marshlands at the
head of the Persian Gulf.... He built his Water House, with a wharf
and other facilities.
"It all had a reason. On his planet
gold was needed. Not for jewelry
or other frivolous use, for at no time during the millennium that
followed were these visitors to Earth ever shown wearing golden
jewelry. Gold was, no doubt, required for the space programs of the Nibiruans, as is evident from the
Hindu textsí referenced to the
celestial chariots being covered with gold; indeed, gold is vital to
many aspects of the space instruments and vehicles of our own times.
But that alone could not have been the reason for the intensity of
the Nibiruansí search for gold on Earth and their immense efforts to
obtain it here and transfer it in large quantities to their own
planet. The metal with its unique properties, was needed back home
for a vital need, affecting the very survival of life on that
planet; as best as we can make out, this vital need could have been
for suspending the gold particles in Nibiruís waning atmosphere and
thus shield it from critical dissipation.
"....Back on the
home planet, where Enkiís father AN (Anu in
Akkadian) was the ruler, the progress of the landing parties was
followed with anxiety and expectation. This must have turned to
impatience at the slow progress, and then to disappointment.
Evidently the scheme to extract gold from seawaters by
laboratory-like processes did not work as expected.
gold was still badly needed; and the Anunnaki faced a tough
decision: to abandon the project - which was out of the question -
or to try to get the gold in a new way: mining. For gold,
Anunnaki knew by then, was naturally available in abundance in the
AB.ZU ("The Primeval Source") on the continent of
"....The far-reaching decision to change from the sophisticated
water-treatment process to a backbreaking toil below the surface of
the earth was not lightly taken. Anu (Enkiís father), felt that he (Enki), could not take charge.
"came to Earth to see things for himself. He came down accompanied
by the Hair Apparent EN.LIL ("Lord of the Command") - a son who,
must have felt, could take charge of Earth mission and organize the
gold deliveries to Nibiru.
"The choice of
Enlil for the mission might have been a necessary
one, but it must have been an agonizing one as well, for it only
sharpened the rivalry and jealousy between the two half-brothers.
For Enki was the first son of Anu by Id, one of his six
concubines.... but Enlil was son of Anu by his half-sister wife
Antum.... And by the Nibiruan rules of succession,
Enlil became the
legal heir instead of Enki. And now this rival, this robber of
Enkiís birthright, came to Earth to take over the command!
"One cannot stress enough the
importance of lineage and genealogy in
the Wars of the Gods; the struggles for succession and supremacy, on
Nibiru as on Earth later on.
"Indeed, as we unravel the puzzling
persistence and ferocity of the
wars of the gods, trying to fit them into the framework of history
and prehistory - a task never undertaken before - it becomes clear
that they stemmed for a code of sexual behavior based not on
morality but on considerations of genetic purity. At the core of
these wars lay an intricate genealogy that determined hierarchy and
succession; and sexual acts were judge not by their tenderness or
violence but by their purpose and outcome.
Continuing from the
theme of genealogy, Mr. Sitchin gives a few examples (in his book)
involving the gods and goddesses and their romances, and rules,
among brothers and half-sister wives, concubines and marriage. Then
"....Because of the importance of the family relationships between
these great Anunnaki, many so-called God Lists prepared by ancient
scribes were genealogical in nature. In one such major list, titled
by the ancient scribes the "An : ilu Anum"
series, there are listed
the "forty-two fore-parents of Enlil," clearly arranged as
twenty-one divine couples. This must have a mark of great royal
lineage, for two similar documents for Anu also list his twenty-one
ancestral couples on Nibiru. We learn that the parents of
AN.SHAR.GAL, ("Great Prince of Heaven") and KI.SHAR.GAL, ("Great
Princess of Firm Ground"). As their names indicate, they were not
the reigning couple on Nibiru: rather, the father was the Great
Prince, meaning the heir apparent; and his spouse was a great
princess, the firstborn daughter of the ruler (by a different wife)
and thus a half-sister of Anshargal.
genealogical facts lies the key of the understanding of
the events on Nibiru before the landing on Earth, and on Earth
"Sending Ea to Earth for gold implies that the
Nibiruans had already
been aware of the metalís availability on Earth well before the
landing was launched. How?
"One could offer several answers: They could have probed
unmanned satellites, as we have been doing to other planets in our
Solar System. They could have surveyed Earth by landing on it, as we
have done on our Moon. Indeed, their landing on Mars cannot be ruled
out as we read texts dealing with the space voyages from
"Whether and when such manned premeditated landings on
taken place, we do not know. But there does exist an ancient
chronicle dealing with an earlier landing in dramatic
when the deposed ruler of Nibiru escaped to Earth in his spacecraft!
"The event must have happened before Ea was sent to Earth by his
father, for it was through that event that Anu became Nibiruís
ruler. Indeed the event was the usurpation of the throne on Nibiru
"The information is contained in a text whose
Hittite version has
been titled by scholars Kingship in Heaven. It throws light on life
at the royal court of Nibiru and tells a tale of betrayal and
usurpation worthy of a Shakespearean plot. It reveals that when the
time for succession arrived on Nibiru - through natural death or
otherwise - it was not Anshargal, Anuís father and the heir
apparent, who had ascended the throne. Instead a relative named
Alalu (Alalush in the Hittite text) became the ruler.
"As a gesture of reconciliation or by custom,
Alalu appointed Anu as
his cup-bearer, an honored and trusted position also known to us
from several Near Eastern texts and royal depictions. But after nine Nibiruan years,
Anu (Anush in the Hittite text) "gave battle to
Alalu" and deposed him.
"....It was then, the ancient text tells us that the
to Earth had occurred:
Alalu was defeated , he fled before Anush -
Down he descended to the dark-hued Earth.
Anush took his seat upon the throne.
"While it is quite possible that much about Earth and its resources
may have been known on Nibiru even before Alaluís flight, the fact
is that we do have in this tale a record of the arrival on Earth of
a spaceship bearing Nibiruans before Eaís
mission to Earth. The
Sumerian King Lists report that the first administrator of
called Alulim - a name that could have been yet another epithet for
Ea/Enki, or the Sumerian rendering of Alaluís name; the possibility
thus comes to mind that, though deposed, Alalu was sufficiently
concern about Nibiruís fate to advise his deposer that he had found
gold in Earthís waters. That this is indeed what had happened might
be indicated by the fact that a reconciliation between deposer and
deposed did ensue; for Anu went ahead and appointed Kumarbi, a
grandson of Alalu, to be his royal cup-bearer.
But Kumarbi could not forget that Anu had usurped the throne off his
This fact brought strife for Anu.
So when Anu left Nibiru for Earth, to inspect the mission, he took
Kumarbi with him.
Mr. Sitchin continues:
"The decision to bring
Enlil to Earth and put him in charge led to
heated arguments with Enki.... The angry Enki threatened to leave
Earth and return to Nibiru, but could he be trusted not to usurp the
throne there? If, as a compromise, Anu himself were to stay on
Earth, appointing Enlil as surrogate ruler on Nibiru, could
trusted to step down when Anu returned? Finally it was decided to
draw lots: let chance determine how it shall be. One of the longest
Earth Chronicles, a text called
The Atra-Hasis Epic, records the
drawing of lots and its outcome:
The gods clasped hands together,
then cast lots and divided:
Anu to heaven went up;
To Enlil the Earth was made subject;
That which the sea as a loop encloses,
they gave to the prince Enki.
To the Abzu Enki went down,
assumed the rulership of the Abzu.
"Believing that he had managed to separate the rival brothers, "Anu
to Heaven went up." But in the skies above Earth, an unexpected turn
of events awaited him. Perhaps as a precaution, Kumarbi was left on
the space platform orbiting Earth; when Anu returned to it, ready to
take off to the long voyage back to Nibiru, he was confronted by an
They fought face to face, and
Kumarbi was victorious.
"Disgraced and in pain,
Anu took off on his way to Nibiru, leaving
Kumarbi behind with the astronauts manning the space platform and
"After Anu had left, Earth Mission was launched in earnest.... There,
additional settlements were established in accordance with a master
plan laid out by Enlil, as part of a complete organizational plan of
action and clear-cut procedures:
"Each of these pre-Diluvial settlements in
Mesopotamia had a
specific function, revealed by its name:
E.RI.DU "House in Faraway Built" - the gold extracting facility by
the waterís edge.
BAD.TIBIRA "Bright Place Where the Ores Are Made Final" - the
metallurgical center for smeltering and refining.
LA.RA.AK "Seeing the Bright Glow" - was a beacon-city to guide the
SIPPAR "Bird City" - was the Landing Place
SHU.RUK.PAK "The Place of Utmost Well-Being" - was equipped as a
medical center; it was put in the charge of SUD ("She Who
Resuscitates"), a half sister of both Enki and Enlil.
LA.AR.SA ("Seeing the Red Light"), was also built, for the
complex operation depended on close coordination between the
Anunnaki who had landed on Earth and 300 astronauts, called
("Those Who See and Observe"), who remained in constant Earth orbit.
Acting as intermediaries between
Earth and Nibiru, the Igigi stayed
in Earthís skies on orbiting platforms, to which the processed ores
were delivered from Earth by shuttlecraft, thereafter to be
transferred to proper spaceships, who could ferry the gold to the
Home Planet as it periodically neared Earth in its vast
orbit. Astronauts and equipment were delivered to Earth by the same
stages, in reverse.
Enlil proceeded to build and equip a
Mission control Center:
"NIBRU.KI ("The Earth-Place of Nibiru") -
Nippur in Akkadian. There,
atop an artificially raised platform equipped with antennas - the
prototype of the Mesopotamian "Towers of Babel" - was a secret
chamber, the DIR.GA ("Dark, Glowing Chamber") where space charts
("the emblems of the stars") were displayed and where the
(Bond Heaven-Earth") was maintained.
"The Chronicles have asserted that the
first settlements of the
Anunnaki on Earth were "laid out as centers." To this enigmatic
statement was added the puzzle of the claim by post-Diluvial kings
that in reestablishing in Sumer the cities wiped out by the Flood,
they had followed,
The everlasting ground plan,
that which for all time
the construction has determined.
It is the one which bears
the drawing from the Olden Times
and the writing of the Upper Heaven.
"The puzzle will be solved if we mark those first cities established
by Enki and Enlil on the regionís map and connect them with
concentric circles. They were indeed "laid out as centers": all were
equidistant from the Mission control Center in Nippur. It was indeed
a plan "from Upper Heaven," for it made sense only to those who
could view the whole Near East from high above Earth. Choosing the
twin-peaked Mount Ararat - the areaís most conspicuous feature - as
their landmark, they placed the space port where the north line
based on Ararat crossed the visible Euphrates River. In this
"everlasting ground plan," all the cities were arranged as an arrow,
marking out the Landing Path to the Spaceport at Sippar.
"The periodic deliveries of
gold to Nibiru mitigated the concerns,
even the rivalries, on that planet, for Anu stayed on as its ruler
for a long time thereafter, but on Earth all the main actors were
present on the "dark-hued" stage to give vent to every imaginable
emotion and to incredible conflicts.
THE WARS OF THE
"Anuís first visit to Earth and the decisions then reached set the
course of events on Earth for all the millennia that followed. In
time they led to the creation of The Adam - Man as we know him,
sapiens; they also planted the seeds of future conflict on Earth
between Enlil and Enki and their descendants.
"But first there were the lingering and bitter struggles between the
House of Anu and the House of Alalu, an enmity that burst out on
Earth into the War of Titans. It was a war that pitted "the gods who
are in heaven" against the "gods who are upon dark-hued Earth", it
was, in its last climactic phase, an uprising of the Igigi!
"That it had taken place in the early days of the
settlement of the Nibiruans on Earth and in the aftermath of
Anuís first visit to
Earth, we know from the Kingship in Heaven text....
It is augmented and continued in several other
texts, which scholars call collectively The Kumarbi Cycle.
"....We do learn that after the passage of some time....
came down to Earth. For reasons that may have been explained in
missing parts of the texts, he went to Ea in the Abzu.
There was conflict between
Kumarbi and the Storm God Teshub, who
according to the Sumerians was Enlilís younger son Ishkur/Adad.
Kumarbi went to consult Ea.
"Ea suggested that
Kumarbi "ascend to heaven" and seek the help of
Lama, who was "mother of the two gods" and thus, apparently, an
ancestral matriarch of the two contesting dynasties. With some
self-interest, Ea offered to transport Kumarbi to the
Abode in his MAR.GID.DA (celestial chariot) which the
called Ti-ia-ri-ta, "the flying vehicle." But the goddess, having
found out that Ea was coming without the permission of the Assembly
of the Gods, sent "lightning winds" against Eaís spacecraft, forcing
him and Kumarbi to return to Earth.
"But rather than go down all the way,
Kumarbi chose to stay with the
orbiting gods whom the Hittite/Hurrian text calls Irsirra ("Those
Who See and Orbit"), the Sumerian IGI.GI.
....The essence of his thoughts was that he should be proclaimed
"the father of all the gods," the supreme deity!
"Gaining the backing of the
orbiting Irsirra gods, Kumarbi "put
swift shoes on his feet" and flew down to Earth. There he sent his
emissary to the other leading gods, demanding that they recognize
"It was then that Anu decided that enough was enough. To vanquish
once and for all the grandson of his adversary Alalu, Anu ordered
his own grandson, the "Storm God" Teshub, to find
Kumarbi and kill
After terrible battles between terrestrial gods led by
the sky-borne gods led by Kumarbi, Teshub prevailed. But according
to additional Hittite epic tales in the Kumarbi Cycle, it is said
that he impregnated a goddess of the mountain, and the child "Stone
God" Ullikumi was borne and instructed to destroy Teshub and to take
the throne by force on Nibiru.
As Ullikumi grew up he made ready to attack
He had assumed giant proportions.
"Realizing there was no alternative to battle,
Teshub readied his
chariot for combat; the Hittite text calls it by its Sumerian name
ID.DUG.GA, "The Flowing Leaden Rider."
The instructions for outfitting the celestial chariot, for which the
Hittite text heavily employed the original Sumerian terminology,
merit quoting. They called for revving up the vehicle with the
"Great Cracker"; attaching the "Bull" (power-plant) that "Lights Up"
in front and the "Bull for Lofty Missile" in the back end;
installing the radarlike or navigational device "That Which Shows
The Way" in the forepart; activating the instruments with the
powerful energy "Stones" (minerals); and then arming the vehicle
with the "Storm Thunderer," loading it with no less than eight
hundred "Fire Stones."
"....After the initial unsuccessful attacks,
Ninurta, the brother of
Teshub/Adad, joined the battles. But the Stone god remained unharmed
and carried the battle to the very gates of Kummiya, the
There, Hebat, Teshubís spouse had been listening to the messages of
Teshub, and all the gods, and the progress of the battle, but
Ullikummiís missiles forced her out. Believing her husband was dead,
she sent her messenger where all the gods were assembled to bring
news back of the battle.
"....But Teshub had not been killed. Advised by his attendant to
hide at some mountainous sites, he refused: If we do that, he said,
"there will be no king in Heaven!" The two then decided to go to
in the Abzu, to seek there an oracle according to "the old tablets
with the words of fate."
"Realizing that Kumarbi had brought forth a monster that was getting
out of hand, Ea went to Enlil to warn him of the danger: "Ullikummi
will block off the Heaven and the godís holy houses!" An assembly of
the Great Anunnaki was called. With all at a loss for a solution,
had one: From the scale storehouse of the "stone cutters," let them
bring out a certain Olden Metal Cutter and let them cut under the
feet of Ullikummi the Stone God.
"When this was achieved, the
Stone God was crippled.... But Ullikummi was still defiant, declaring: "Kummiya I shall destroy,
the Sacred House I shall take over, the gods I shall drive out... up
to Heaven I shall go to assume Kingship!"
"The closing lines of the
Hittite epic are completely damaged; but
can we doubt that they told us the Sanskrit tale of the final battle
between Indra and the "demon" Vritra?
And then was seen a dreadful sight,
when god and demon met in fight.
His sharpened missiles Vritra shot,
his thunderbolts and lightnings hot . . .
The lightnings then began to flash,
the direful thunderbolts to crash,
by Indra proudly hurled . . .
And soon the knell of Vritraís doom
was sounded by the clang and boom
of Indraís iron shower.
Pierced, cloven, crushed, with horrid yell
the dying demon headlong fell . . .
And Indra smote him with a bolt
between the shoulders.
"These, we believe,
were the battles of the "gods" and the
the Greek tales. No one has yet found the meaning of "Titans"; but
if the tales had a Sumerian origin, and if so did these godsí name,
then TI.TA.AN in Sumerian would have literally meant "Those Who in
Heaven Live" - precisely the designation of the Igigi led by
and their adversaries were the Anunnaki "Who are on Earth."
"Sumerian texts indeed record an olden life-and-death battle between
a grandson of Anu and a "demon" of a different clan; the tale is
The Myth of Zu. Its hero is Ninurta,
Enlilís son by his
half-sister Sud; it could well have been the original tale from
which the Hindu tales were borrowed.
"....In Nippur, there, atop a raised platform was the
the most restricted "holy of holies" where the vital
charts and orbital data panels - the "Tablets of Destinies" - were
"It was into this sacred chamber that a god named
Zu gained access,
seizing the vital tablets and thereby holding in his hands the fate
of the Anunnaki on Earth and of Nibiru itself.
"By combining portions of
Old Babylonian and Assyrian versions of
the Sumerian text, a good deal of the tale has been restored. But
damaged portions still held the secret of Zuís true identity, as
well as an explanation of how he had gained access to the Dirga....
"....In Sumerian the name Zu meant "He Who Knows," one expert in
certain knowledge. Several references to the evil hero of this tale
as AN.ZU - "He Who Knows the Heavens" suggest a connection with the
space program that had linked Earth with Nibiru; and the
now-restored beginning of the chronicle indeed relates how Zu, an
orphan, was adopted by the astronauts who manned the shuttlecraft
and orbiting platforms, the Igigi - learning from them the secrets
of the heavens and of space travel.
Continuing with the
subject of the Igigi....
"The action begins as
the Igigi, "being gathered from all parts,"
decided to make an appeal to Enlil. Their complaint was that "until
that time for the Igigi a break-taking place had not yet been
built." In other words, there simply was no facility on Earth for
the rest and recreation of the Igigi, where they could relax from
the rigors of space and its weightlessness. To voice their complaint
they selected Zu to be their spokesman, sending him to Enlilís center
"Enlil, "the father of the gods , in the
Dur-An-Ki, saw him, and
thought of what they [the Igigi] said." As "in his mind he pondered"
the request, "he studied the heavenly Zu closely."
Who, after all, was this emissary, not one of the astronauts and yet
wearing their uniform? As his suspicions grew, Ea - aware of
true ancestry - spoke up; he suggested to Enlil that a decision on
the request of the Igigi could be postponed if Zu were delayed at
Enlilís headquarters. "Your service let him enter,"
Ea said to Enlil;
"in the sanctuary, to the innermost seat, let him be the one to
block the way."
"....And so it was, with
Eaís connivance, that an adversary god - a
secret descendant of Alalu - was admitted to Enlilís innermost and
most sensitive chamber. We read that there Zu "constantly views
Enlil, the father of the gods, the god of Bond-Heaven-Earth . . .
his celestial Tablet of Destinies Zu constantly views." And soon a
scheme took shape: "the removal of the Enlilship he conceives in his
"....Zu saw his chance one day as Enlil went to take a cooling swim.
"He seized the Tablet of Destinies in his hands" and in his
"took off and flew to safety in the HUR.SAG.MU" ("Mountain of the
Sky-Chambers"). No sooner had this happened than everything came to
Suspended were the divine formulas;
The lighted brightness petered out;
In space, the Igigi were confounded;
The sanctuaryís brilliance was taken off.
Nibiru was also informed. It was clear that Zu must be
captured and the Tablet of Destinies restored to the Dir-ga. But who
will do it?
"....Ninurta, Enlilís legal heir, stepped forth to undertake the
task, for - as his mother Sud had pointed out, Zu deprived not only
Enlil but also Ninurta of the "Enlilship."
Ninurta and Zu engaged in a "terrifying war, a fierce battle":
Zu and Ninurta met at the mountainside. (Mount Hazzi)
perceived him, he broke out in rage.
With his Brilliance, he made the mountain
bright as daylight;
He let loose rays in a rage.
"....But Ninurta continued to "advance aggressively" against
Ninurta, however, was not able to vanquish
Zu in his attempt.
Ninurta asked his younger brother Ishkur/Adad to
obtain the advice of Enlil. "Ishkur, the prince, took the report,
the news of the battle he reported to Enlil."
Ishkur to go back and tell Ninurta: "In the battle
do not tire, prove thy strength!" More practically, he sent Ninurta
a tillu - a missile to attach to the Stormer that shoots the
With this Ninurta "attacked Zu as suggested by his father.... by
aiming at the "pinions" of Zuís Whirlwind....
Zu was captured and
brought back before Enlil in Nippur; the Tablet of Destinies was
reinstalled where it belonged; "Lordship again entered the
Divine Formulas were returned."
Zu was put on trial before a court-martial consisting
of the Seven Great Anunnaki; he was found guilty and sentenced to
death; Ninurta, his vanquisher "cut his throat."
"....The defeat of
Zu lingered in the memory of the Anunnaki as a
great deliverance. Perhaps because of the assumption that the spirit
of Zu - representing betrayal, duplicity, and all evil in general -
persists in causing ill and suffering, the trial and execution of Zu
were transmitted to mankindís generations in the form of an
elaborate ritual. In this annual commemoration a bull was chosen to
stand for Zu and atone for his evil deed.
"Long instructions for the ritual have been found in both
and Assyrian versions, all indicating their earlier Sumerian source.
After extensive preparations, a "great bull, strong bull who treads
upon clean pastures," was brought into the temple and purified on
the first day of a certain month. It was then whispered into the
bullís left ear through a reed tube: "Bull, the guilty Zu are you";
and into the right ear: "Bull, you have been chosen for the rite and
the ceremonies." On the fifteenth day the bull was brought before
the images of "the Seven Gods Who Judge" and the symbols of the
twelve celestial bodies of the Solar System.
trial of Zu was then reenacted, the bull was put down before
Enlil, "the Great Shepherd." The accusing priest recited rhetorical accusasional questions, as though addressed to
Enlil: How could you
have given "the store treasure" to the enemy? How could you have let
him to come and dwell in the "pure place"? How could he gain access
to your quarters? Then the play acting called for Ea and other gods
to beseech Enlil to calm himself, for Ninurta had stepped forward
and asked his father: "Point my hands in the right direction! Give
me the right words of command!"
"Following this recital of the evidence given at the trial,
judgment was passed. As the bull was being slaughtered in accord
with detailed instructions, the priests recited the bullís verdict:
his liver was to be boiled in a sacrificial kettle; his skin and
muscles were to be burned inside the temple; but his "evil tongue
shall remain outside."
"Then the priests playing the role of the other gods, broke out in a
hymn of praise to Ninurta.
"....The conspiracy of Zu and his evil plotting
remained also in
mankindís memory, evolving into a fear of birdlike demons who can
cause affliction and pestilence. Some of these demons were called
Lillu, a term that played on the double meaning "to howl" and "of
the night"; their female leader, Lillitu -
Lillith - was depicted as
a naked, winged goddess with birdlike feet. The many shurpu
("purification by burning") texts that have been found were formulas
for incantations against these evil spirits - forerunners of the
sorcery and witchcraft that had lasted throughout the millennia.
"In spite of the solemn vows taken after the defeat of Zu to honor
and respect Enlilís supremacy and Ninurtaís position as
second-in-command, the basic factors causing rivalry and contentions
had remained - breaking into the open from time to time in the
ensuing millennia. Realizing that this would be so, Anu and
provided Ninurta with new, marvelous weapons. Anu gave him the
SHAR.UR ("Supreme Hunter") and the
SHAR.GAZ ("Supreme Smiter");
Enlil gave him several weapons, of which the unique IB - a
with "fifty killing heads" - was the most awesome, leading to
references in the chronicles to Ninurta as "The Lord of the Ib."
Thus armed, Ninurta became the "Foremost Warrior of Enlil," ready to
fight off all challenges to the Enlilship.
"The next such challenge came in the shape of a mutiny of
Anunnaki who were working in the gold mines of the Abzu. The mutiny,
and the events that had led to it and followed it, are fully
described in a text called by scholars
The Atra-Hasis Epic - a
full-fledged Earth Chronicle which, inter alia, records the events
that led to the creation of Homo sapiens - Man as we know him.
"The text informs us
that after Anu had gone back to Nibiru and
Earth was divided between Enlil and Enki,
the Anunnaki toiled in the mines of Abzu for "forty
counted periods" - forty orbits of their planet, or 144,000
Earth-years. But the work was difficult and backbreaking....
mining operations, deep inside the earth, were never
interrupted: the Anunnaki "suffered the toil day and night."
....Dissatisfaction grew: "They were complaining, backbiting,
grumbling in the excavations."
Ninurta went to
the Abzu, but this strained relations with Enki even
Enlil went to the Abzu, and the Anunnaki took their opportunity to
"....As Enlil remained a prisoner in his own quarters, he sent a
message to Anu and asked that he come to Earth. When Anu arrived,
the Great Anunnaki assembled for a court-martial. Anu ruled in favor
of the Anunnaki.
But a solution to the hard toil was needed. And
Enki found one:
Chief Medical Officer, their sister Sud, was here in
the Abzu with them:
Let her create a Primitive Worker;
And let him bear the yoke. . .
Let the Worker carry the toil of the gods,
Let him bear the yoke!
"In the following one hundred lines of the
Atra-Hasis text, and in
several other "Creation of Man" texts that have been discovered in
various states of preservation, the tale of the genetic engineering
of Homo sapiens has been told in amazing detail. To achieve the feat
Enki suggested that a "Being that already exists" -
Apewoman - be
used to create the Lulu Amelu ("The Mixed Worker") by "binding" upon
the less evolved beings "the mold of the gods." The
purified the "essence" of a young male Anunnaki, she mixed into the
egg of an Apewoman. The fertilized egg was then implanted in the
womb of a female Anunnaki, for the required period of pregnancy.
When the "mixed creature" was born, Sud lifted him up and shouted:
"I have created! My hands have made him!"
"The "Primitive Worker" -
Homo sapiens - had come into being. It
happened some 300,000 years ago; it came about through a feat of
genetic engineering and embryo-implant techniques which mankind
itself is beginning to employ. There has undoubtedly been a long
process of evolution; but then the Anunnaki had taken a hand in the
process and jumped the gun on evolution "creating"
us sooner than we
might have evolved on our own. Scholars have been searching for a
long time for the "missing link" in manís evolution. The Sumerian
texts reveal that the "missing link" was a feat of genetic
manipulation performed in a laboratory. . . It was not a feat over
and done with in an instant. The texts make clear that it had taken
the Anunnaki considerable trial and error to achieve the desired
"perfect model" of the Primitive Worker, but once achieved, a
mass-production process was launched: fourteen "birth goddesses" at
a time were implanted with the genetically manipulated Apewoman
eggs: seven to bear males and seven to bear female Workers. As soon
as they grew up, the Workers were put to work in the mines; and as
their numbers grew, they assumed more and more of the physical
chores in the Abzu.
"The armed clash between
Enlil and Enki that was soon to take place,
however, was over these same slave laborers.
"The more the production of ores improved in
the Abzu, the greater
was the work load on the Anunnaki that had remained to operate the
facilities in Mesopotamia. The climate was milder, rains were more
plentiful, and the rivers of Mesopotamia were constantly
overflowing. Increasingly the Mesopotamian Anunnaki "were digging
the river," raising dykes and deepening canals. Soon they too began
to clamor for the slave workers, the "creatures of bright
countenance" but with thick black hair.
"....It is understood that
Enki refused Enlilís request for the
transfer of Primitive Workers to Mesopotamia. Deciding to take
matters into his hands, Enlil took the extreme step of disconnecting
the communications with the home planet: "In the íBond Heaven-Earthí
he made a gash. . . verily did he speed to disconnect Heaven from
Earth." Then he launched an armed attack against the Land of the
"The Anunnaki in the Abzu assembled the
Primitive Workers in a
central compound, strengthening its walls against the coming attack.
But Enlil fashioned a marvelous weapon, the AL.A.NI ("Ax That
Produces Power") equipped with a "horn" and an "earth slitter" that
could drill through earth and earthworks. With these weapons Enlil
drove a hole through the fortifications. As the whole widened
Primitive Workers were breaking out toward Enlil. He eyed the
Black-headed Ones in fascination."
Primitive Workers performed the manual tasks in both
Lands: in the Land of the Mines they "bore the work and suffered the
toil"; in Mesopotamia, "with picks and spades they built godsí
houses, they built the big canal banks; food they grew for the
sustenance of the gods."
"Many ancient drawings engraved on cylinder seals depicted these
Primitive Workers performing their tasks, naked as the animals of
the field. Various Sumerian texts recorded this animal like stage in
When mankind was first created,
They knew not the eating of bread,
Knew not the dressing of garments,
Ate plants with their mouth like sheep,
Drank water from the ditch . . .
"How long, however, could
young female Anunnaki be asked (or forced)
to perform the role of "birth goddesses"? Unbeknownst to
with the connivance of Sud, Enki contrived to give the new creature
one more genetic twist: granting to the hybrid beings - incapable of
procreating, as all hybrids are - the ability to have offspring, the
sexual "Knowing" for having children. The event is echoed in the
tale of Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden, and although the
original Sumerian text of the tale has not yet been found, a number
of Sumerian depictions of the event were indeed discovered. They
show different aspects of the tale: the Tree of Life; the offering
of the forbidden fruit; the angry encounter that ensued between the
"Lord God" and the "Serpent." Yet another shows
Eve girdled in a
garment around her loins while Adam is still naked, another detail
related in the Bible.
Mr. Sitchin draws his attention to a particular depiction (page 107,
figure 30 of his book):
Serpent God features in all these ancient depictions, the
illustration reproduced here is of particular significance as it
writes out in archaic Sumerian the godís epithet/name as (a star and
a triangular symbol). The "star" spells "god" and the
symbol reads BUR, BURU, or BUZUR - all terms that make the
epithet/name mean "God Who Solves Secrets," "God of the Deep Mines,"
and variations thereof. The Bible (in the original Hebrew) calls the
god who tempted Eve Nahash, translated "Serpent," but literally
meaning "He Who Solves Secrets" and "He Who Knows Metals," the exact
parallels of the godís names in the Sumerian depiction. This
depiction is of further interest because it shows the Serpent God
with his hands and feet in tethers, suggesting that Enki was
arrested after his unauthorized deed.
"In his anger Enlil ordered the expulsion of the
Adam - the Homo
sapiens Earthling - from the E.DIN ("The Abode of the
Ones"). No longer confined to the settlements of the Anunnaki,
began to roam the Earth.
""And Adam knew Eve his wife, and she conceived and bore
Cain. . .
and she bore his brother Abel." The gods were no longer alone on
"Little did the Anunnaki then know the role that the
Worker would play in the wars between them.
"Ever since George Smith found and reported in 1876 (The Chaldean
Account of Genesis) detailed Mesopotamian tales of Creation,
followed by L.W. Kingís The Seven Tablets of Creation, scholars and
theologians alike have come to recognize that the Creation Tales of
the Old Testament (Genesis chapters 1 through 3) are condensed and
edited versions of original Sumerian texts. A century later, in our
The 12th Planet (1976), we have shown that these texts were no
primitive myths, but depositories of advanced scientific knowledge
with which modern scholars are only now beginning to catch up.
"The unmanned space probes of Jupiter and
Saturn confirmed many
"incredible" facets of the Sumerian knowledge regarding our Solar
System, such as that the outer planets have numerous satellites and
that water is present in some of them. Those distant planets, and
some of their principal satellites, were found to have active cores
that generate internal heat; some radiate out more heat than they
can ever receive from the distant Sun. Volcanic activity provided
those celestial bodies with their own atmospheres. All the basic
requirements for the development of life exist out there, just as
the Sumerians had said 6,000 years ago.
"What then of the existence of a twelfth member of our Solar System
- a tenth planet beyond Pluto, the Sumerian Nibiru (and
Babylonian Marduk) - a planet whose existence was a basic and far-reaching
conclusion in The 12th Planet?
"In 1978, astronomers at the
U.S. Naval Observatory in Washington
determined that Pluto - being smaller than formerly believed - could
not by itself account for perturbations in the orbits of Uranus and
Neptune; they postulated the existence of yet another celestial body
beyond Pluto. In 1982 the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space
Administration (NASA) announced its conclusion that there indeed
exists such a body; whether or not it is another large planet, it
planned to determine by deploying in a certain manner its two
Pioneer spacecraft that had been hurtling into space beyond Saturn.
"And at the close of 1983, astronomers at the Jet Propulsion
Laboratory in California announced that IRAS - the infrared
telescope mounted on a spacecraft and launched under NASAís auspices
with the cooperation of other nations - had discovered beyond Pluto
a very distant "mystery celestial body" about four times the size of
Earth and moving toward Earth. They have not yet called it a planet;
but our Earth Chronicles leave the ultimate finding in no doubt.
"In 1983, rocks were found in Antarctica and elsewhere which are
undoubtedly fragments of the Moon and Mars; and the scientists are
totally baffled as to how that could have happened. The Sumerian
tale of the Creation of the Solar System, the collision between Nibiruís satellites and Tiamat, and the rest of the cosmogony in the
celebrated Epic of Creation offer a comprehensive explanation.
"And how about the texts describing how Man was created through
genetic manipulation: in vitro fertilization and reimplantation?
"....After relating how "The Adam" (literally "the Earthling") was
granted the ability to procreate, the book of Genesis moves from
recounting the general events on Earth to the saga of a specific
branch of mankind: the person named Adam and his descendants.
""This is the Book of the Generations of Adam," the Old Testament
informs us. Such a book, we can safely assume, had surely existed.
The evidence strongly suggests that the person whom the Bible called
Adam was the one whom the Sumerians called Adapa, an
"perfected" by Enki and deemed to have been genetically related to
him. "Wide understanding Enki perfected for him, to disclose the
designs of the Earth; to him he gave Knowing; but immortality he did
not give him."
"Portions of the "Tale of Adapa" have been found; the complete text
might have well been the "Book of the Generations of Adam" to which
the Old Testament refers.
"....The Book of Genesis relates that the first son of
Adam and Eve,
Cain, "was a tiller of the earth," and his brother
Abel "was a
herder of sheep."
"Cain had a son whom he named
Enoch, and built a city called
likewise, the name meaning "Foundation." The Old Testament, having
no particular interest in the line of Cain, skips quickly to the
fourth generation after Enoch, when Lamech was born.
pseudepigraphical Book of Jubilees, believed to have been
composed in the second century B.C. from earlier material, adds the
information that Cain espoused his own sister Awan and she bore him
Enoch "at the close of the fourth Jubilee. And in the first year of
the first week of the fifth Jubilee, houses were built on the earth,
and Cain built a city and called its name Foundation, after the name
of his son." Where did this additional information come from?
"It has long been held that this part of the Genesis tale stands
alone, without corroboration or parallel in the Mesopotamian texts.
But we have found that it is just not so.
"First we have come upon a
Babylonian tablet in the British Museum
(No 74329), catalogued as "containing an otherwise unknown myth."
Yet it may in fact be a Babylonian/Assyrian version from circa 2000
B.C. of a missing Sumerian record of the Line of Cain!
"As copied by A.R. Millard and translated by
W.G. Lambert (Kadmos,
vol. VI), it speaks of the beginnings of a group of people who were
ploughmen, which corresponds to the biblical "tiller of the land."
They are called Amakandu - "People Who In Sorrow Roam"; it parallels
the condemnation of Cain: "Banned be thou from the soil which hath
received thy brotherís blood . . . a restless nomad shalt thou be
upon the earth." And, most remarkably, the Mesopotamian chief of
these exiled people was called Kaíin!
He built in Dunnu
a city with twin towers
Kaíin dedicated to himself
the lordship over the city.
"....After the death (or murder) of
Kaíin, "he was laid to rest in
the city of Dunnu, which he loved." As in the biblical tale, the
Mesopotamian text records the history of four following generations:
brothers married their sisters and murdered their parents, taking
over the rulership in Dunnu as well as setting in new places, the
last of which was named Shupat ("Judgment").
"....We also find among traditional Assyrian eponyms of royal names
the combination Ashur-bel-Kaíini ("Ashur, lord of the Kaíinites");
and the Assyrian scribes paralleled this with the Sumerian
ASHUR-EN.DUNI ("Ashur is lord of Duni"), implying that
("The people of Kain") and the Duni ("The people of Dun")
and the same; and thus reaffirming the biblical Cain and
Land of Nun
"Having dealt briefly with the line of
Cain, the Old Testament
turned its full attention to a new line descended of Adam: "And Adam
knew his wife again, and she bore a son, and called his name Seth,
for [she said] the Lord hath granted me another offspring instead of
Abel, whom Cain had slain."
"....The name of
Sethís son and the next pre-Diluvial patriarch in
which the Bible was interested was Enosh; it has come to mean in
Hebrew "Human, Mortal," and it is clear that the Old Testament
considered him the progenitor of the human lineage at the core of
the ancient chronicles. It states in respect to him, that "It was
then that the name of Yahweh began to be called," that worship and
"There are a number of Sumerian texts that shed more light on this
intriguing aspect. The available portions of the Adapa text state
that he was "perfected" and treated as a son by Enki in
Eridu. It is likely then, as William Hallo (Antediluvian Cities) had
suggested that the great-grandson of Enosh was named Yared to mean
"He of Eridu." Here, then, is the answer: While the Bible loses
interest in the banished descendants of Adam, it focuses its
attention on the patriarchs from Adamís line who had stayed in
- southern Mesopotamia - and were the first to be called to
"In the fourth generation after Enosh the firstborn son was named
Enoch; scholars believe that here the nameís meaning stemmed from a
variant of the Hebrew root, connoting "to train, to educate." Of him
the Old Testament briefly states that he "had walked with the Deity"
and did not die on Earth, "for the Deity had taken him." The sole
verse in Genesis 5:24 is substantially enlarged upon in the
Books of Enoch. They detail his first visit with the
Angels of God to be instructed in various sciences and ethics. Then,
after returning to Earth to pass the knowledge and the requisites
of priesthood to his sons, he was taken aloft once more, to
permanently join the Nefilim (the biblical term meaning "Those Who
Had Dropped Down") in their celestial abode.
There is another indication of priests who were able to approach the
"The Sumerian King Lists record the priestly reign of
Enmeduranki [was] a prince in Sippar,
Beloved of Anu, Enlil and Ea.
Shamash in the Bright Temple appointed him.
Shamash and Adad [took him] to the assembly [of the gods]. . .
They showed him how to observe oil on water,
a secret of Anu, Enlil and Ea.
They gave him the Divine Tablet,
the kibdu secret of Heaven and Earth . . .
They taught him how to make calculations with numbers.
"The tablet concludes with a postscript: "Thus was the line of
priests created - those who are allowed to approach Shamash and
"By the time of the seventh generation after Enosh, on the
the Deluge, the Earth and its inhabitants were gripped by a new Ice
Age. The Mesopotamian texts detail the sufferings by mankind, the
shortages of food, even cannibalism.... The biblical version tells us
little about Noah ("Respite"), apart from the fact that he was
"righteous and of pure genealogy." The Mesopotamian texts inform us
that the hero of the Deluge lived in Sharuppak, the Medical Center
run by Sud.
"The Sumerian texts relate that as mankindís hardships were
increasing, Enki suggested, and Enlil vehemently opposed, the taking
of measures to alleviate the suffering. What upset Enlil no end was
the increasing sexual relationships between the young male Anunnaki
and the Daughters of Man....
"....This growing togetherness between the young
astronauts and the
descendants of the Primitive Worker was not to Enlilís liking. The
Sumerian texts tell us that "as the Land extended and the people
multiplied," Enlil became increasingly "disturbed by Mankindís
pronouncements" and its infatuation with sex and lust. The gets
together between the Anunnaki and the daughters of Man caused him to
lose sleep. "And the Lord said: "I will destroy the Earthling whom I
have created off the face of the Earth."
inform us that when it was decided to develop the deep
mines in the Abzu, the Anunnaki also proceeded to establish a
scientific monitoring station at the tip of Africa. It was put in
charge of Ereshkigal, a granddaughter of Enlil....
"....Enlil now saw his chance to get rid of the
Earthlings when this
scientific station at the tip of Africa began to report a dangerous
situation: the growing icecap over Antarctica had become unstable,
resting upon a layer of slippery slush. The problem was that this
instability had developed just as Nibiru was about to make its
approach to Earthís vicinity; and Nibiruís gravitational pull could
upset the ice capís balance and cause it to slip into the Antarctic
Ocean. The immense tidal waves that this would cause could engulf
the whole globe.
"When the Igigi orbiting Earth confirmed the certainty of such a
catastrophe, the Anunnaki began to assemble in Sippar, the
spaceport. Enlil, however, insisted that mankind be kept unaware of
the coming Deluge; and at a special session of the Assembly of the
Gods, he made all of them, especially Enki, swear to keep the
"The last part of the
Atra-Hasis text, a major part of the
Gilgamesh, and other Mesopotamian texts describe at length the
events that followed - how the catastrophe of the Deluge was used by
Enlil to achieve the annihilation of mankind; and how Enki, opposed
to the decision which Enlil forced upon the Assembly of the Gods,
contrived to save his faithful follower Ziusudra ("Noah") by
designing for him a submersible vessel that could withstand the
avalanche of water.
"The Anunnaki themselves, on a signal, "lifted up" in their
Ilani ("chariots of the gods"), the fired-up rocket ships "setting
the land ablaze with their glare." Orbiting the Earth in their
shuttlecraft, they watched in horror the onslaught of the tidal
waves below. All that was upon the Earth was swept off in one
colossal avalanche of water: A.MA.RU BA.UR. RA.TA - "The flood swept thereover."
Sud, who had created Man with Enki, "saw and wept. . .
.Ishtar cried out loud like a woman in travail. . . the gods, the
Anunnaki, weep with her." Rolling back and forth, the tidal waves
swept the soil away, leaving behind vast deposits of mud: "All that
had been created turned back to clay."
"In The 12th Planet we have presented the evidence for our
conclusions that the Deluge, bringing about an abrupt end to the
last Ice Age, had occurred some 13,000 years ago.
"As the waters of
the Deluge "went back from off the land"....the
Anunnaki began to land on Mount Nisir ("Mount of Salvation") -
Ararat.... Enlil was outraged to discover that "the seed of Mankind"
was saved; but Enki persuaded him to relent.
Old Testament, focusing its interest on the line of Noah alone,
lists no other passengers in the rescue ship. But the more detailed
Mesopotamian Deluge texts also mention the Arkís navigator and
disclose that at the last moment friends or helpers of Ziusudra (and
their families) also came on board. Greek versions of the account by
Berossus state that after the Deluge, Ziusudra, his family, and the
pilot were taken by the gods to stay with them; the other people
were given directions to find their way back to Mesopotamia by
"The immediate problem facing all that were rescued was
Noah and his sons the Lord said: "All the animals that are upon the
earth, and all that flies in the skies, and all that creepeth on the
ground, and all the fishes of the sea, into your hands are given;
all that teemeth and that liveth, shall be yours for food." And then
came a significant addition: "As grassy vegetation all manner of
grain have I given you."
Mr. Sitchin explains at this point the origin of "vegetation" as
producing "grain," fruits and vegetables,
after the Deluge, and how
they grew in the high land rather than the plains, which were not
suitable until the earth dried after many years.
Domestication of animals which provided meat, milk, and wool.
"How did it all come when it did? Modern science has yet to find the
answer; but the Sumerian texts had already provided it millennia
ago. Like the Bible, they relate how agriculture began
Deluge, when (in the words of Genesis) "Noah began as a husbandman";
but like the Bible, which records that there had been tilling of the
land (by Cain) and shepherding (by Abel) long before the Deluge, so
do the Sumerian chronicles tell of the development of crop-growing
and cattle-rearing in prehistoric times.
"....The Myth of Cattle and Grain states:
When from the heights of Heaven to Earth
Anu had caused the Anunnaki to come forth,
Grains had not yet been brought forth,
had not yet vegetated . . .
There was no ewe,
a lamb had not yet been dropped.
There was no she-goat,
a kid had not yet been dropped.
The ewe had not yet given birth to her lambs,
the she-goat had not yet given birth to her kid.
Weaving [of wool] had not yet been brought forth, had not yet been
"Then, in the "Creation Chamber" of
the Anunnaki, their laboratory
for genetic manipulation, Lahar ("wooly cattle") and
("grains") "were beautifully fashioned."
In those days,
in the Creation Chamber of the gods,
in the House of Fashioning, in the Pure Mound,
Lahar and Anshan were beautifully fashioned.
The abode was filled with food for the gods.
Of the multiplying of Lahar and Anshan
the Anunnaki, in their Holy Mound, eat -
but were not satiated.
The good milk from the sheepfold
the Anunnaki, in their Holy Mound, drink -
but are not satiated.
By the time the Anunnaki
had fashioned grains and cattle in their Creation Chamber, before
"The Primitive Workers - those who "knew not the eating of bread . .
. who ate plants with their mouths" - were already in existence:
After Anu, Enlil, Enki and Sud
had fashioned the black-headed people,
Vegetation that luxuriates they multiplied in the Land.
Four-legged animals they artfully brought into existence;
In the E.DIN they placed them.
"So, in order to increase the production of grains and cattle to
satiate the Anunnaki, a decision was made: Let NAM.LU.GAL.LU
-"civilized mankind"- be taught the "tilling of the land" and the
"keeping of sheep . . . for the sake of the gods":
For the sake of the satiating things,
for the pure sheepfold,
Civilized Mankind was brought into existence.
"Just as it describes what was brought into existence at that early
time, so does this text also lists the domesticated varieties that
had not then been brought forth:
That which by planting multiplies,
had not yet been fashioned;
Terraces had not yet been set up . . .
The triple grain of thirty days did not exist;
The triple grain of forty days did not exist;
The small grain, the grain of the mountains,
the grain of the pure A.DAM, did not exist . . .
Tuber-vegetables of the field had not yet come forth.
"These, as we shall see were
introduced on Earth by Enlil and
Ninurta some time after the Deluge.
"....Fortunately specimens of the domesticated cereals had been sent
to Nibiru; and now "Anu provided them, from Heaven, to
The only place that seemed suitable (after the Deluge) was "the
mountain of aromatic cedars." We read in a fragmented text reported
by S. N. Kramer in his Sumeriche Texte aus Nippur:
Enlil went up the peak and lifted his eyes;
he looked down: there the waters filled as a sea.
He looked up: there was the mountain of aromatic cedars.
He hauled up the barley, terraced it on the mountain.
That which vegetates he hauled up,
terraced the grain cereals on the mountain.
"The selection of the
Cedar Mountain by Enlil and its conversion
into a Restricted ("Holy") Place was, most likely, not accidental.
Throughout the Near East - indeed, worldwide - there is only one
unique Cedar Mountain of universal fame: in Lebanon. It is the
location, to this very day (at
Baalbek: in Lebanon), of a vast
platform supported by colossal stone blocks that are still a marvel
of technology. It was, as we have elaborated in
The Stairway to
Heaven, a Landing Place of the Anunnaki; a platform that persistent
legends hold to have been built in pre-Diluvial times, even as early
as the days of Adam. It was the only place, after the Deluge,
immediately suitable for handling the shuttlecraft of the Anunnaki:
the spaceport at Sippar was washed away and buried under layers of
Therefore after the Deluge....we read this description in a Sumerian
Famine was severe, nothing was produced.
The small rivers were not cleaned,
the mud was not carried off . . .
In all the lands there were no crops,
only weeds grew.
"The two great rivers of Mesopotamia, the
Euphrates and Tigris, were
also not functioning: "The Euphrates was not bound together, there
was misery; the Tigris was confounded, jolted and injured." The one
who rose to the task of buildings dams in the mountains, digging new
channels for the rivers, and draining off the excess water was Ninurta: "Thereon the lord sets his lofty mind;
Ninurta, the son of
Enlil, brings great things into being."
To protect the land, a mighty wall he raised.
With a mace he smote the rocks;
The stones the hero heaped, made a settlement . . .
The waters that had been scattered, he gathered;
What by the mountains had been dispersed,
he guided and sent down the Tigris.
The high waters it pours off the farmed land.
Now, behold -
Everything on Earth rejoiced at Ninurta,
the lord of the land.
"....We know from the
Sumerian texts that first to be cultivated on
the mountain slopes were fruit trees and bushes and most certainly
grapes. The Anunnaki, the texts state, gave mankind "the excellent
white grapes and the excellent white wine; the excellent black
grapes and the excellent red wine." No wonder we read in the Bible
that when "Noah began as a husbandman, he planted a vineyard; and he
drank of the wine and became drunken."
"When the drainage works carried out in
Mesopotamia by Ninurta made
cultivation possible in the plains, the Anunnaki "from the mountain
the cereal grain they brought down," and "the Land [Sumer] with
wheat and barley did become acquainted."
"In the millennia that followed mankind revered
Ninurta as the one
who had taught it farming....
"....While Enlil and
Ninurta were credited with granting agriculture
to mankind, the credit for the introduction of domesticated herds
was given to Enki. It was after the first grains were already in
cultivation but not yet "the grain that multiplies," the grains with
the doubled, tripled, and quadrupled chromosomes; these were
by Enki artificially, with Enlilís consent:
At that time Enki spoke to Enlil:
"Father Enlil, flocks and grains
have made joyful the Holy Mound,
have greatly multiplied in the Holy Mound.
Let us, Enki and Enlil, command:
The woolly-creature and grain-that-multiplies
let us cause to come out of the Holy Mound."
"Enlil agreed and abundance followed....
"....The revolutionary agricultural tool - a simple, but ingeniously
designed, wooden implement - the plow, was at first pulled, as the
above text states (appears in the book) by putting a yoke on the
farm workers. But then Enki "brought into existence the larger
living creatures" - domesticated cattle - and
bulls replaced people
as pullers of the plow. Thus, the texts conclude, did the gods
"increase the fertility of the land."
"....Enki returned to
Africa to assess the damage the Deluge had
"....As Enki surveyed Africa it was evident to him that
alone - the continentís southern part - was insufficient. Just as in
Mesopotamia "abundance" was based on riverine cultivation, so it had
to be in Africa; and he turned his attention, planning, and
knowledge to the recovery of the valley of the Nile.
"The Egyptians, we have
seen, held that their gods had come to Egypt from Ur (meaning "the
olden place"). According to Manetho, the reign of Ptah over the
lands of the Nile began 17,900 years before Menes; i.e.,
B.C. Nine thousand years later Ptah handed over the Egyptian domain
to his son Ra; but the latterís reign was abruptly interrupted after
a brief 1,000 years, i.e., circa 11,000 B.C.; it was then, by our
reckoning, that the Deluge had occurred.
Egyptians believed, Ptah returned to Egypt to engage in
great works of reclamation and to literally raise it from under the
inundating waters. We find Sumerian texts that likewise attest that
Enki went to the lands of Meluhha (Ethiopia/Nubia) and
to make them habitable for man and beast:
He proceeds to the Land Meluhha;
Enki, lord of the Abzu, decrees its fate:
Black land, may your trees be large trees,
may they be the Highland trees.
May thrones fill the royal palaces.
May your reed be large reeds,
may they be the Highland reeds . . .
May your bulls be large bulls,
may they be the Highland bulls . . .
May your silver be as gold,
May your copper be tin and bronze . . .
May your people multiply;
May your hero go forth as a bull . . .
"These Sumerian records, linking
Enki with the African land of the
Nile, assume a double significance: they corroborate the Egyptian
tales with Mesopotamian tales and link Sumerian gods - especially
the Enki-gods - with the gods of Egypt; for Ptah, we believe,
none other than Enki.
"After the lands were made habitable again,
Enki divided the length
of the African continent between his six sons.
domain was regranted to NER.GAL ("Great Watcher") and his spouse
To his north, in the mining regions,
GIBIL ("The One of
Fire") was installed, having been taught by his father the secrets
NIN.A.GAL ("Prince of Great Waters") was, as his
name implied, given the region of the great lakes and the headwaters
of the Nile.
Farther north, in the grazing plateau of the Sudan, the
youngest son, DUMU.ZI ("Son Who is Life"), whose nickname was "The
Herder," was given reign.
"The identity of yet another son is in dispute among the scholars
(we shall offer our own solution later on). But there is no doubt
who the sixth son - actually Enkiís firstborn and legal heir - was:
He was MAR.DUK ("Son of the Pure Mound"). Because one of his fifty
epithets (as "All Powerful" or "Awesome") were applied to diverse
deities, and Asar meaning "All Seeing" was also the epithet-name of
the Assyrian god Ashur.
"In fact, we find more
similarities between the Babylonian Marduk
and the Egyptian god Ra: the former was the son of Enki, the latter
of Ptah, being in our view one and the same, whereas Osiris was
great-grandson of Ra and thus of a much later generation than either
Ra or Marduk. In fact there is found in Sumerian texts scattered,
but persistent, evidence supporting our belief that the god called
Ra by the Egyptians and Marduk by the
Mesopotamians was one and the
same deity. Thus, a self-laudatory hymn to Marduk (tablet Ashur/4125)
declares that one of the epithets was "The god IM.KUR.GAR RA" - "Ra
Who Beside the Mountainland Abides."
"Indeed, as we shall soon show,
Mardukís rise to prominence began in
Egypt, where its best-known monument - the Great Pyramid of Giza -
had played a crucial role in his turbulent career. But the Great God
of Egypt, Marduk/Ra, yearned to rule the whole Earth, and to do so
from the olden "Navel of the Earth" in Mesopotamia. It was this
ambition that led him to abdicate the divine throne of Egypt in
favor of his children and grandchildren.
"Little did he know that this would lead to
two Pyramid Wars and to
his own near death.