Chapter Six

"The suggestions that Earth was visited by intelligent beings from elsewhere postulates the existence of another celestial body upon which intelligent beings established a civilization more advanced than ours.

"....The Sumerians accepted the existence of such a "Heavenly Abode," a "pure place," a "primeval abode." While Enlil, Enki, and Ninhursag went to Earth and made their home upon it, their father Anu remained in the Heavenly Abode as its ruler.

"....The Gods of Heaven and Earth of the ancient Near East not only originated in the heavens but could also return to the Heavenly Abode. Anu occasionally came down to Earth on state visits; Ishtar went back to Anu at least twice. Enlilís center in Nippur was equipped as a "bond-heaven-earth." Shamash was in charge of the Eagles and the launching place of the rocket ships. Gilgamesh went up to the Place of Eternity and returned to Uruk; Adapa, too, made the trip and came back to tell about it; so did the biblical king of Tyre.

"....Two-way travel was not only possible but actually contemplated to begin with, for we are told that, having decided to establish in Sumer the Gateway of the Gods (Babili), the leader of the gods explained:

When to the Primeval Source
for assembly you shall ascend,
There shall be a restplace for the night
to receive you all.
When from the Heavens
for assembly you shall descend,
There shall be a restplace for the night
to receive you all.

"Realizing that such two-way travel between Earth and the Heavenly Abode was both contemplated and practiced, the people of Sumer did not exile their gods to distant galaxies. The Abode of the Gods, their legacy discloses, was within our own solar system.

"....An Assyrian depiction of the Gateway of Anu in the Heavenly Abode confirms ancient familiarity with a celestial system such as our Sun and its planets. The Gateway is flanked by two Eagles - indicating that their services are needed to reach the Heavenly Abode. The Winged Globe - the supreme divine emblem - marks the gateway. It is flanked by the celestial symbols of the number seven and the crescent, representing (we believe) Anu flanked by Enlil and Enki.

"Where are the celestial bodies represented by these symbols? Where is the Heavenly Abode? The ancient artist answers with yet another depiction, that of a large celestial deity extending its rays to eleven smaller celestial bodies encircling it. It is a representation of a Sun, orbited by eleven planets.

"That this was not an isolated representation can be shown by reproducing other depictions on cylinder seals, like the one from the Berlin Museum of the Ancient Near East.

"....Now there is, of course, a catch to claiming that these depictions - of a Sun and eleven planets - represent our solar system, for our scholars tell us that the planetary system of which Earth is a part comprises the Sun, Earth and Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto. This adds up to the Sun and only ten planets (when the Moon is counted as one).

"But that is not what the Sumerians said. They claimed that our system was made up of the Sun and eleven planets (counting the Moon), and held steadfastly to the opinion that, in addition to the planets known to us today, there has been a twelfth member of the solar system - the home planet of the Nefilim.

"We shall call it the Twelfth Planet.

Sumerian Accuracy versus Misconceptions....

Uranus was discovered in 1781, Neptune in 1846 and Pluto in 1930.

"....Up to 1870, then, and for centuries before that, people believed there were seven members of our solar system: Sun, Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn. Earth was not counted as planet because it was believed that these other celestial bodies circled Earth - the most important celestial body created by God, with Godís most important creation, Man, upon it.

"Our textbooks generally credit Nicolaus Copernicus with the discovery that Earth is only one of several planets in a heliocentric (Sun-centered) system. Fearing the wrath of the Christian church for challenging Earth central position, Copernicus published his study (De revolutionibus orbium coelestium) only when on his deathbed, in 1543."

"....The heliocentric concept was only rediscovered by Copernicus; and the interesting fact is that astronomers knew more in 500 B.C. than in 500 A.D. and 1500.

"Indeed, scholars are now hard put to explain why first the later Greeks and then the Romans assumed that Earth was flat, rising above a layer of murky waters below which there lay Hades or "Hell," when some of the evidence left by Greek astronomers from earlier times indicates that they knew otherwise."

"....Hipparchus, in fact, confirmed in his writings that his studies were based on knowledge accumulated and verified over many millennia. He named as his mentors "Babylonian astronomers of Erech, Borsippa, and Babylon." Geminus of Rhodes named the "Chaldeans" (the ancient Babylonians) as the discoverers of the exact motions of the Moon. The historian Diodorus Siculus, writing in the first century B.C. confirmed the exactness of Mesopotamian astronomy; he stated that "the Chaldeans named the planets ... in the center of their system was the Sun, the greatest light, of which the planets were íoffspring,í reflecting the Sunís position and shine."

"The acknowledged source of Greek astronomical knowledge was, then, Chaldea; invariable, those earlier Chaldeans possessed greater and more accurate knowledge than the peoples that followed them. For generations, throughout the ancient world, the name "Chaldean" was synonymous with "stargazers," "astronomers."

Mr. Sitchin gives vast examples of the use of astronomy in the Old Testament; the study of the constellations also; therefore:

"....Knowledge of the zodiac, the scientific division of the heavens, and other astronomical information was thus prevalent in the ancient Near East well before the days of ancient Greece.

"....Many such later texts were, to be sure, more astrological than astronomical in nature. The heavens and the movements of the heavenly bodies appeared to be a prime preoccupation of mighty kings, temple priests, and the people of the land in general; the purpose of the stargazing seemed to be to find in the heavens an answer to the course of affairs on Earth: war, peace, abundance, famine.

"....The heliacal system - the system still in use today, which measures the rising and the setting of stars and planets in Earthís skies relative to the Sun.

Mr. Sitchin also explains how the ancients used the ephemeredes (tables that listed and predicted the future positions of the celestial bodies).

"....The unearthing of the Mesopotamian civilizations in the past one hundred years leaves no doubt that in the field of astronomy, as in so many others, the roots of our knowledge lie deep in Mesopotamia. In this field, too, we draw upon and continue the heritage of Sumer."

Copernican Map of the Heavens
by Andreas Cellarius.
The Earth revolves around the Sun.

Diana with the Signs of the Zodiac. By Lorenzo Costa the Younger



A Radiant Celestial Body....

"....The Babylonians and the Assyrians did not invent the calendar or the ingenious methods for its calculation. Their calendars - as well as our own - originated in Sumer. There the scholars have found a calendar, in use from the very earlier times, that is the basis for all other later calendars. The principal calendar and model was the calendar of Nippur, the seat and center of Enlil. Our present-day one is modeled on that Nippurian calendar.

"The Sumerians consider the New Year to begin at the exact moment when the Sun crossed the Spring equinox. Professor Stephen Langdon (Tablets from the Archives of Drenhem) found that records left by Dungi, a ruler of Ur circa 2400 B.C., show that the Nippurian calendar selected a certain celestial body by whose setting against the sunset it was possible to determine the exact moment of the New Yearís arrival. This, he concluded, was done "perhaps 2,000 years before the era of Dungi" - that is, circa 4400 B.C.!

"....The Akkadian, Hurrian, Hittite, and other literary masterpieces of the ancient Near East, being translations or versions of Sumerian originals, were replete with Sumerian loanwords pertaining to celestial bodies and phenomena.

Mr. Sitchin gives many technical details of the ancients about astronomy. Also quotes scholars and their research into the matter. The constellations being of great importance to the ancients of Sumeria and beyond.

"....Because the constellations and their subdivisions, and even individual stars within the constellations, have reached the Western civilization with names and descriptions borrowed heavily from Greek mythology, the Western world tended for nearly two millennia to credit the Greek for this achievement. But it is now apparent that the early Greek astronomers merely adopted into their language and mythology a ready-made astronomy obtained by the Sumerians.

Several graphics in relation with the Zodiac are given in the book "The 12th Planet."

"....Just as it is evident that the Sumerian astronomers possessed knowledge that they could not possibly have acquired on their own, so is there evidence to show that a good deal of their knowledge was of no practical use to them.

"This pertains not only to the very sophisticated astronomical methods that were used - who in ancient Sumer really needed to establish a celestial equator, for example? - but also to a variety of elaborate texts that dealt with the measurement of distances between stars.

"One of these texts, known as AO.6478, the twenty six major stars visible along the line we now call the Tropic of Cancer, and gives distances between them as measured in three different ways:

First: "measured and weighed."
Second: in terms of degrees of the arc of the skies.
Third: in terms of the "length in the skies."

"....The availability of three different methods of measuring distances between stars conveys the great importance attached to the matter. Yet, who among the men and women of Sumer needed such knowledge - and who among them could devise the methods and accurately use them? The only possible answer is : The Nefilim had the knowledge and the need for such accurate measurements.

"Capable of space travel, arriving on Earth from another planet, roaming Earthís skies - they were the only ones who could, and did, possess at the dawn of Mankindís civilization the astronomical knowledge that required millennia to develop, the sophisticated methods and mathematics and concepts for an advance astronomy and the need to teach human scribes to copy and record meticulously table upon table of distances in the heavens, order of stars and groups of stars, heliacal risings and settings, a complex Sun-Moon calendar, and the rest of the remarkable knowledge of both Heaven and Earth.

Reviewing several other scholars and the Sumerian texts, it is conclusive that the number twelve was of great significance to Sumerians and the Nefilim.

Mr. Sitchin concluded, after the following text (K.3558):

The number of its celestial bodies is twelve.
The stations of its celestial bodies twelve.
The complete months of the Moon is twelve.

"....We can now grasp the significance of the number twelve in the ancient world. The Great Circle of Sumerian gods, and of all Olympian gods thereafter, comprised exactly twelve; younger gods could join this circle only if older gods retired. Likewise, a vacancy had to be filled to retain the divine number twelve. The principal celestial circle, the way of the Sun with its twelve members, set the pattern, according to which each other celestial band was divided into twelve segments or was allocated twelve principal celestial bodies. Accordingly there were twelve months in a year, twelve double-hours in a day. Each division of Sumer was assigned twelve celestial bodies as a measure of good luck.

Here are other twelves mentioned in the book among several others:

"Twelve Greek Titans, twelve Tribes of Israel, twelve parts of the magical breastplate of the Israelite High Priest.... Twelve Apostles of Jesus, and in our decimal system we count one to twelve, and only after twelve we return to "ten and three" (thirteen) and so on.

"....Teaching humanity the true nature of Earth and the heavens, the Nefilim informed the ancient astronomers-priests not only of the planets beyond Saturn but also of the existence of the most important planet, the one from which they came:


Calendar Stone




Huastec Calendar

Prometheus frieze.
A scene from the myth of the Greek Titan






Detail showing Figure with Sword from Battling Titans by Ignac Platzer.




Chapter Seven

Enuma Elish....

"....An Akkadian seal from the third millennium B.C., now at the Vorderasiatische Abteilung of the State Museum in East Berlin (catalogued VA/243), departs from the usual manner of depicting the celestial bodies. It does not show them individually but rather as a group of eleven globes encircling a large, rayed star. It is clearly a depiction of the solar system as it was known to the Sumerians: a system consisting of twelve celestial bodies.


"....Treating the Moon as a proper celestial body, the Sumerian depiction fully accounts for all of our known planets, places them in the correct order (with the exception of Pluto), and shows them by size.

"....The Apollo 16 astronauts found on the Moon rocks (called breccias) that result from the shattering of solid rock and its rewelding together by extreme and sudden heat. When and how were these rocks shattered, then re-fused? Other surface materials on the Moon are rich in rare radioactive potassium and phosphorus, materials that on Earth are deep down inside.

"Putting such findings together, scientists are now certain that the Moon and Earth, formed of roughly the same elements at about the same time, evolved as separate celestial bodies.

"In the opinion of the scientists of the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the Moon evolved "normally" for its first 500 million years."

"....The Sumerians, then, were right to depict the Moon as a celestial body in its own right...."


"....The planet Pluto has been called "the enigma." While the orbits around the Sun of the other planets deviate only somewhat from a perfect circle, the deviation (eccentricity) is such that it has the most extended and elliptical orbit around the Sun...."

"....Because of its unusual characteristics, it has been suggested that this "misfit" might have started its celestial life as a satellite that somehow escaped its master and went into orbit around the Sun on its own."

"This, as we shall soon see, is indeed what happened - according to the Sumerian texts.


"Toward the end of the eighteenth century, even before Neptune had been discovered, several astronomers demonstrated that "the planets were placed at certain distances from the Sun according to some definitive law. The suggestion, that came to be known as Bodeís Law, convinced astronomers that a planet ought to revolve in a place where hitherto no planet had been known to exist - that is, between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter."

"....On the first day of the nineteenth century, the Italian astronomer Giuseppe Piazzi discovered at the exact indicated distance a very small planet (485 miles across), which he named Ceres...."


"....To date, nearly 3,000 asteroids have been counted orbiting the Sun in what is now called the asteroid belt."

Many questions arise about the asteroid belt, but the answers to these puzzles have been handed down to us from antiquity.

Mr. Sitchin then goes to mention about the vast literature existing, comparing the Mesopotamian text of the Chaldean Genesis with Biblical accounts of Genesis. Being of extreme importance are "The Seven Tablets of Creation."

"....Now called "The Creation Epic," the text was known in antiquity by its opening words, Enuma Elish ("When in the Heights").

"....As more tablets and fragments were found and translated, it became evident that the text was not a simple literary work: It was the most hallowed historical-religious epic of Babylon, read as part of the New Year rituals.

"....There is enough evidence to show that the Babylonian version of the epic was a masterful political-religious forgery of earlier Sumerian versions, in which Anu, Enlil, and Ninurta were the heroes.

"....Most scholars see it as a philosophical work...."

"....But why not take the epic at face value, as nothing more nor less the statement of cosmologic facts as known to the Sumerians, as told them by the Nefilim?

"The stage on which the celestial drama of Enuma Elish unfolds is the primeval universe. The celestial actors are the ones who create as well as the ones being created."

Mr. Sitchin describes Act 1 of the Epic, where AP.SU ("one who exists from the beginning"); MUM.MU (one "who was born"); and TIAMAT ("maiden of life") existed. They were the Sun; Mercury "the fast messenger of the gods" as the Romans and Greeks thought of it; Tiamat, was the "monster" which later "Marduk," the arriving planet from deep space, shattered it.

The space between Apsu and Tiamat (also known as the Virgin Mother of the first Divine Trinity) was not void, it was filled with the primordial elements, the primordial waters. These "waters" "commingled" and a pair of celestial gods - planets - were formed in the space between Apsu and Tiamat.

  • LAHMU (Mars "the God of War").

  • LAHAMU (Venus, both "the Goddess of Love and War").

  • ANSHAR (Saturn, "foremost of the heavens," to whom a satellite was born,

  • GAGA (Pluto, counselor and emissary of Anshar) Sumerians placed Pluto next to Saturn not beyond Neptune).

  • KI.SHAR (Jupiter, "foremost of the firm lands").

  • ANU (Uranus, (he of the heavens").

  • NUDIMMUD ((Ea) "artful creator").

"....As Act 1 of the "Epic of Creation" came to an end, there was a solar system made up of the Sun and nine planets.

"Where were the Earth and the Moon? They were yet to be created, products of the forthcoming collision.

The Epic is beautifully explained in the book "The 12th Planet," with the rich depth of thought the ancients placed in their writings.

Surface of the Moon.
Taken by Surveyor Moon Lander, prior to the landing of man.

Astronaut on Stripped Down Roving Lunar Vehicle. Apollo 16 Mission.

Full Moon above the Earth. From Space Shuttle Columbia.

Moon and Full Earth in Space






Pluto and Charon

Sheet discussing Centers of Gravity of the Earth and Moon from Codex Leicester by Leonardo da Vinci


Solar Prominence erupting from the Sunís Surface.

Craters on Surface of Mars. Taken by Viking 1



Radar Image of the Northern Hemisphere of Venus. Mosaic images taken by the Magellan Space Probe. Centered on North Pole.

Global View of Saturn and its Rings, taken by one of the Voyager probes.





Jupiter and its Large Moons. Taken by the Voyager I Space Probe. Io is closer to Jupiter followed by Europa, Ganymede and Callisto


Hubble Image of Uranus and its Rings.

Neptuneís Clouds: Three Views, taken by Hubble Telescope in 1994

MARDUK ... The Arrival ...

"With the end of the majestic drama of the birth of the planets, the authors of the Creation epic now raise the curtain to Act II, on a drama of celestial turmoil. The newly created family of planets were gravitating toward each other; they were converging on Tiamat, disturbing and endangering the primordial bodies.

The divine brothers banded together;
They disturbed Tiamat as they surged back and forth.
They were troubling the "belly" of Tiamat
By their antics in the dwellings of heaven.
Apsu could not lessen their clamor;
Tiamat was speechless at their ways.
Their doings were loathsome....
Troublesome were their ways.

"We have here obvious erratic orbits. The new planets "surged back and forth"; they got too close to each other ("banded together"); they interfered with Tiamatís orbit; they got too close to her "belly"; their ways were troublesome. Though it was Tiamat that was principally endangered, Apsu, too, found the planetís ways "loathsome". He announced his intention to "destroy, wreck their ways."

Apparently Ea (Neptune) with its outer most orbit seemed to neutralize the effect of the primordial "waters".

"....Did its own orbit around the Sun affect the Sunís magnetism and thus its radioactive outpourings? Or did Neptune itself emit, upon its creation, some vast radiations of energy?" "....Whatever the effects were, the epic likened them to a "pouring of sleep" - a calming effect - upon Apsu (the Sun). Even "Mummu, (Mercury) the Counselor, was powerless to stir."

"....By depriving the Sun of its creativity - stopping the process of emitting more energy and matter to form additional planets - the gods (planets) brought temporary peace to the solar system.

"....How long was it before the celestial peace was broken once more? The epic does not say. But it does continue, with little pause, and raises the curtain to Act III:

In the Chamber of Fates, the place of Destinies,
A god was engendered, most able and wisest of gods;
In the heart of the Deep was MARDUK created.


"A new celestial "god" - a new planet - now joins the cast. He was formed in the Deep, far out in space, in a zone where orbital motion - a planetís "destiny" - had been imparted to him. He was attracted to the solar system by the outermost planet: "He who begot him was Ea" (Neptune). The new planet was a sight to behold.

"....As Marduk neared the other planets, "they heaped upon him their awesome flashes," and he shone brightly, "clothed with the halo of ten gods." His approach thus stirred electrical and other emissions from the other members of the solar system. And a single word here confirms our decipherment of the Creation epic: Ten celestial bodies awaited him - the Sun and only nine other planets. And as Marduk, still in a very plastic stage as it must have been, passes Ea/Neptune, the gravitational pull bulged one side. Later, as he passes Anu/Uranus, matter tore off and four satellites were formed for Marduk.

"....The approach of Marduk soon began to disturb Tiamat and the inner planets (Mars, Venus, Mercury).

"....The gravitational pull of the large approaching planet soon began to tear away parts of Tiamat. From her midst there emerged eleven "monsters" ....satellites who separated themselves from her body and "marched at the side of Tiamat."

"....Of particular importance to the epic and to Mesopotamian cosmogony was Tiamatís chief satellite, who was named KINGU, "the first born among the gods who formed her assembly."

The epic continues giving beautiful recounts of the nearing to Saturn, it was at this point that Pluto loosened from its course and went further to the outer edge.

Finally Marduk and Tiamat confront each other.

"Here, then, is a most original theory explaining the celestial puzzles still confronting us. An unstable solar system, made up of the Sun and nine planets, was invaded by a large, comet-like planet from outer space. It had acquired seven satellites on its passing.

"But the two planets did not collide, a fact of cardinal astronomical importance: It was the satellites of Marduk that smashed into Tiamat, and not Marduk himself. They "distended" Tiamatís body, made in her a wide cleavage.

"....The first encounter between Marduk and Tiamat left her fissured and lifeless; but her final fate was still to be determined by future encounters between the two. Kingu, leader of Tiamatís satellites, was also to be dealt with separately. But the fate of the other ten, smaller satellites of Tiamat was determine at once:

After he had slain Tiamat, the leader,
Her band was shattered, her host broken up.
The gods, her helpers who marched at her side,
Trembling with fear,
Turned their backs about so as to save
and preserve their lives.

"Can we identify this "shattered ... broken" host that trembled and "turned their backs about" - reversed their direction?

"By doing so we offer an explanation to yet another puzzle of our solar system - the phenomenon of the comets.

Mr. Sitchin goes to explain how, then he concludes:

"Astronomers are unable to say what force, what event created the comets and threw them into their unusual orbits. Our answer: Marduk. Sweeping in the reverse direction, in an orbital plane of his own, he shattered, broke the host of Tiamat into smaller comets and affected them by his gravitational pull, his so-called net.

"Having "vanquished" Tiamat, Marduk sailed on in the heavens, out into space, around the Sun, and back to retrace his passage by the other planets....

"....Then his new orbital path returned Marduk to the scene of his triumph, "to strengthen his hold on the vanquished gods, "Tiamat and Kingu."

Earth and Moon.... Heaven and Earth.... "Station Nibiru"....

"As the curtain is about to rise on Act V, it will be here - and only here, though this has not hitherto been realized - that the biblical tale of Genesis joins the Mesopotamian "Epic of Creation"; for it is only at this point that the tale of the Creation of Heaven and Earth really began.

"Completing his first - ever orbit around the Sun, Marduk "then returned to Tiamat, whom he had subdued."

"Marduk himself now hit the defeated planet, splitting Tiamat in two, severing her "skull" or upper part. Then another of Mardukís satellites, the one called North Wind, crashed into the separated half. The heavy blow carried this part - destined to become Earth - to an orbit where no planet had been orbiting before.

"Earth had been created!

"The lower part had another fate: on the second orbit, Marduk himself hit it, smashing it to pieces.

"The pieces of this broken half were hammered to become a "bracelet" in the heavens, acting as a screen between the inner planets and the outer planets. They were stretched out into a "great band."

The asteroid belt had been created.

"Astronomers and physicists recognize the existence of great differences between the inner, or "terrestrial" planets (Mercury, Venus, Earth and its Moon, and Mars) and the outer planets (Jupiter and beyond), two groups separated by the asteroid belt. We now find, in the Sumerian epic, ancient recognition of these phenomena."

"Every puzzle that we have mentioned is answered by the "Epic of Creation" as we have deciphered it. Moreover, we also have the answer to the question of why Earthís continents are concentrated on one side of it and a deep cavity (the Pacific Oceanís bed) exists on the opposite side...."


"....Tiamat was called the Watery Monster, and it stands to reason that Earth, as part of Tiamat, was equally endowed with these waters....


"....As part of the new celestial order upon Earth, Marduk "made the divine Moon appear ... designated him to mark the night, define the days every month....

"....Earth is Tiamat reincarnated. The Moon is called Earthís "protector"; that is exactly what Tiamat called Kingu, her chief satellite.

"....Marduk, then, did not destroy Kingu. Shrunk to a smaller size, Kingu remained a "god" - a planetary member of our solar system. Without an orbit he could only become a satellite again. As Tiamatís upper part was thrown into a new orbit (as the new planet Earth), we suggest, Kingu was pulled along. Our Moon, we suggest, is Kingu, Tiamatís former satellite.

"The puzzles of our solar system - the oceanic cavities upon Earth, the devastation upon the Moon, the reverse orbits of the comets, the enigmatic phenomena of Pluto - all are perfectly answered by the Mesopotamian Creation epic, as deciphered by us.

"Having thus "constructed the stations" for the planets, (orbits), Marduk took for himself "station Nibiru," and "crossed the heavens and surveyed" the new solar system. It was now made up of twelve celestial bodies, with twelve Great Gods as their counterparts.




Chapter Eight

Marduk = Nibiru .... Planet of Crossing ....

"Studies of THE "EPIC OF CREATION" and parallel texts, (for example, S. Langdonís The Babylonian Epic of Creation) show that sometime after 2000 B.C., Marduk, son of Enki, was the successful winner of a contest with Ninurta, son of Enlil, for supremacy among the gods. The Babylonians then revised the original Sumerian "Epic of Creation," expunged from it all references to Ninurta and most references to Enlil, and renamed the invading planet Marduk.

"The actual elevation of Marduk to the status of "King of the Gods" upon Earth was thus accompanied by assigning to him, as his celestial counterpart, the planet of the Nefilim, the Twelfth Planet. As "Lord of the Celestial Gods [the planets]" Marduk was thus also "King of the Heavens."

"The "Epic of Creation" clearly states that Marduk was an invader from outside the solar system, passing by the outer planets (including Saturn and Jupiter) before colliding with Tiamat. The Sumerians called the planet NIBIRU, the "planet of crossing."

The Babylonian version of the epic retained astronomical information, which:

"....provide the additional and conclusive information that in dividing the other planets into two equal groups, (by the asteroid belt) the Twelfth Planet in "the midst of Tiamat keeps crossing." Its orbit takes it again and again to the site of the celestial battle, where Tiamat used to be.

"If Mardukís orbit takes it where Tiamat once was, relatively near us (between Mars and Jupiter), why have we not yet seen this planet, which is supposedly large and bright?

"....It thus occurred to Franz Kugler (Sternkunde und Sterndienst in Babylon) that Marduk was a fast-moving celestial body, orbiting in a great elliptical path just like a comet.

"Such an elliptical path, focused on the Sun as a center of gravity, has an apogee - the point farthest from the Sun, where the return flight begins - and a perigee - the point nearest to the Sun, where the return to outer space begins.

"We find that two such "bases" are indeed associated with Marduk in the Mesopotamian texts. The Sumerian texts described the planet as going from AN.UR ("Heavenís base") to E.NUN ("lordly abode").

The Creation epic said of Marduk:

He crossed the Heaven and surveyed the regions...
The structure of the Deep the Lord then measured.
E-Shara he established as his outstanding abode;
E-Shara as a great abode in the Heaven he established.

"One "abode" was thus "outstanding" - far in the deep region of space. The other was established in the "Heaven," within the asteroid belt, between Mars and Jupiter.

"Following the teaching of their Sumerian forefather, Abraham of Ur, the ancient Hebrews also associated their supreme deity with the supreme planet...."

"The Book of Job, having described the collision, contains these significant verses telling us where the lordly planet had gone:

Upon the Deep he marked out an orbit;
Where light and darkness [merge]
In his farthest limit.

"Not less explicit, the Psalm outlined the planetís majestic course:

The Heavens bespeak the glory of the Lord;
The Hammered Bracelet proclaims his handiwork...
He comes forth as a groom from the canopy
Like an athlete he rejoices to run the course.
From the end of heavens he emanates,
And his circuit is to their end.

"Recognized as a great traveller in the heavens, soaring to immense heights at its apogee and then "coming down, bowing unto the Heaven" at its perigee, the planet was depicted as a Winged Globe.

"....Central to the religious beliefs and astronomy of the ancient world was the conviction that the Twelfth Planet, the "Planet of the Gods" remained within the solar system and that its grand orbit returned it periodically to Earthís vicinity. The pictographic sign of the Twelfth Planet, the "Planet of Crossing," was a cross. This cuneiform sign, which also meant "Anu" and "divine" (a cross with a triangle on top arm, and two triangles on left arm touching each other by the angles) evolved in the Semitic languages to the letter tav, (a slanted cross with lower arm longer than the other three) which meant "the sign."

Mesopotamian and Biblical Records.... Number 3,600....

The reader is reminded, that the Hebrews associated their supreme deity with the supreme planet. At this point, this becomes most important to understand what the Biblical records are talking about: The Twelfth Planet, mainly, in the prophetic context.

"Indeed, all the peoples of the ancient world considered the periodic nearing of the Twelfth Planet as a sign of upheavals, great changes, and new eras. The Mesopotamian texts spoke of the planetís periodic appearance as an anticipated, predictable, and observable event....

".... Many of the texts dealing with the planetís arrival were omen texts prophesying the effect the event would have upon Earth and Mankind....

"....Like the Mesopotamian savants, the Hebrew prophets considered the time of the planetís approaching Earth and becoming visible to Mankind as ushering in a new era. The similarities between the Mesopotamian omens of peace and prosperity that would accompany the Planet of the Throne of Heaven, and the biblical prophesies of the peace and justice that would settle upon Earth after the Day of the Lord, can best be expressed by the words of Isaiah:

And it shall come to pass at the End of Days
...the Lord shall judge among the nations
and shall rebuke many peoples.
They shall beat their swords into ploughshares
and their spears into pruning hooks;
nation shall not lift up sword against nation.

"In contrast with the blessings of the new era following the Day of the Lord, the day itself was described by the Old Testament as a time of rains, inundations, and earthquakes. If we think of the biblical passages as referring, like their Mesopotamian counterparts, to the passage in Earthís vicinity of a large planet with a strong gravitational pull, the words of Isaiah can be plainly understood:

Like the noise of a multitude in the mountains,
a tumultuous noise like of a great many people,
of kingdoms of nations gathered together;
it is the Lord of Hosts,
commanding a Host to battle.
From a far away land they come,
from the end-point of the heaven
do the Lord and his weapons of wrath
come to destroy the whole Earth....
Therefore will I agitate the Heaven,
and Earth shall be shaken out of its place
when the Lord of Hosts shall be crossing,
the day of his burning wrath.

"While on Earth "mountains shall melt ... valleys shall be cleft," Earthís axial spin would also be affected. The prophet Amos explicitly predicted:

It shall come to pass on that Day,
sayeth the Lord God,
that I will cause the Sun to go down at noon
and I will darken the Earth in the midst of daytime.

"Announcing, "Behold, the Day of the Lord is come!" the prophet Zechariah informed the people that this phenomenon of an arrest in Earthís spin around its own axis would last only one day:

And it shall come to pass on that Day
there shall be no light - uncommonly shall it freeze.
and there shall be one day, known to the Lord,
when at eve-time there shall be light.

"On the Day of the Lord, the prophet Joel said, "the Sun and Moon shall be darkened, the stars shall withdraw their radiance"; "the Sun shall be turned into darkness, and the Moon shall be as red blood."

"Mesopotamian texts exalted the planetís radiance and suggested that it could be seen even at daytime: "visible at sunrise, disappearing from view at sunset." A cylinder seal, found at Nippur, depicts a group of plowmen looking up with awe as the Twelfth Planet (depicted with its cross symbol) is visible in the skies.

"The ancient peoples not only expected the periodic arrival of the Twelfth Planet but also charted its advancing course.

"....Among the many Mesopotamian texts that dealt with the subject, one is quite clear:

Planet of the god Marduk:
Upon its appearance: Mercury.
Rising thirty degrees of the celestial arc: Jupiter.
When standing in the place of the celestial battle: Nibiru.

Mr. Sitchin explains the time when the Twelfth planet will align itself with Mercury; when crossing Jupiter at certain degrees (which he points out); and when arriving at the point of the celestial battle with Tiamat.

"The anticipation of the Day of the Lord in the ancient Mesopotamian and Hebrew writings (which were echoed in the New Testamentís expectations of the coming of the Kingship of Heaven) was thus based on the actual experiences of Earthís people: their witnessing the periodic return of the Planet of Kingship to Earthís vicinity.

"The planetís periodic appearance and disappearance from Earthís view confirms the assumption of its permanence in solar orbit."

Also Mr Sitchin explains Nibiruís orbit, and that the planet would be found by todayís astronomers in the same manner that Neptune and Pluto were found, mathematically and by disturbances of other planetís orbits.

"....The Mesopotamian and biblical sources present strong evidence that the orbital period of the Twelfth Planet is 3,600 years. The number 3,600 was written in Sumerian as a large circle. The epithet for the planet - shar ("supreme ruler") also meant "a perfect circle" a "completed cycle." It also meant the number 3,600 and the identity of the three terms - planet/orbit/3,600 - could not be a mere coincidence.

First King.... Ten Rulers before Deluge.... What is a Year?.... Life Beyond Earth?....

"Berossus, the Babylonian priest-astronomer-scholar, spoke of ten rulers who reigned upon Earth before the Deluge.

Summarizing the writings of Berossus, Alexander Polyhistor wrote:

"In the second book was the history of the ten kings of the Chaldeans, and the periods of each reign, which consisted collectively of an hundred and twenty sharís, or four hundred and thirty-two thousand years (432,000) reaching to the time of the Deluge"

"Abydenus, a disciple of Aristotle, also quoted Berossus in terms of ten pre-Diluvial rulers whose total reign numbered 120 sharís. He made clear that these rulers and their cities were located in ancient Mesopotamia:

"It is said that the first king of the land was Alorus....He reigned ten sharís.
Now, a shar is esteemed to be three thousand six hundred years....
After him Alaprus reigned three sharís, to him succeeded Amilarus from the city of panti-Biblon, who reigned thirteen sharís....
After him Ammenon reigned twelve sharís; he was of the city of panti-Biblon. Then Megalurus of the same place, eighteen sharís.
Then Daos, the Shepherd, governed for the space of ten sharís....There were afterwards other rulers, and the last of all Sisithrus; so that in the whole, the number amounted to ten kings, and the term of their reigns to an hundred and twenty sharís."

"Apollodorus of Athens also reported on the pre-historical disclosures of Berossus in similar terms: "Ten rulers reigned a total of 120 sharís (432,000 years), and the reign of each one of them was also measured in the 3,600-year shar units."

A Philosopher, 384-322 B.C.