by Zecharia Sitchin

from Sitchin Website


“Cave Dwellings” on Mars


The discovery of new startling features on Mars that holds intriguing implications for the possibility of Life on Mars, was recently reported by U.S. government scientists. It could also corroborate an aspect of Zecharia Sitchin’s writings - that a leading “ancient astronaut” was buried on that planet.

A team of scientists from the United States Geological Survey reported at the recent annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference in Houston, Texas, that images taken by NASA’s Mars-orbiting spacecraft Mars Odyssey show what appear to be cave entrances where primitive life forms – “past or present microbial life” – could have been sheltered, and where water could exist in liquid form.

A more detailed perusal of the report reveals that the spacecraft actually photographed, in both visual and infrared, puzzling dark circular structures associated with these caves - structures ranging in size from 100 to 250 meters (330 to 825 feet).

Picking up the hardly-noticed story in its June 2007 issue, the prestigious journal Scientific American has now provided additional information: Seven such “football size” caverns were identified; they are 425 feet deep. They could “serve as havens from radiation on the surface and so would be the most likely areas to harbor life.” The journal then added that the caverns “could also accumulate ice, which could support future human exploration” (by astronauts from Earth).

And then Scientific American augmented the report’s intriguing aspects by headlining the story MARTIAN CAVE DWELLINGS:

“Cave dwellings” for microbes??

Or does the journal envision shelters for real astronauts?


Back to the Face on Mars

While Scientific American has probably in mind future astronauts, the new discoveries have important implications for the presence on Mars of “ancient astronauts,” and have a bearing on the issue of the famed (and controversial) Face on Mars.

In his various volumes of The Earth Chronicles series, Zecharia Sitchin has provided ancient evidence, both texts on clay tablets and illustrations from cylinder seals, showing that Mars served as a way station for the Anunnaki “godsin their space travels from Nibiru to Earth.

In The Lost Book of Enki (2004) Zecharia wrote in regard to the Face on Mars that it marked the burial place of an Anunnaki leader named Alalu - that a great rock, fashioned in the image of his face wearing an astronaut’s helmet, covered a cave in which the dead Anunnaki leader was laid to rest.

The existence on Mars of large caves (‘caverns’) topped by shaped rock structures – now revealed by NASA’s new discoveries – was thus actually written about first in Zecharia’s The Lost Book of Enki three years earlier.

Going to Mars
-First of two articles-
What is NASA Looking For?

The planet Mars is back in the news. This time, in spite of preceding failures (by Japan, Britain) of Mars missions, manmade Landers and their robotic rovers – NASA’s Spirit and Opportunity -- made it safely and successfully to the Red Planet. A spacecraft launched by the European Space Agency, Mars Express -– a companion to the British failed lander/rover mission -– is safely in orbit around Mars.


And the initial indications, and photographs, already suggest that the assumption underlying these missions will be proven true; that Mars was once a planet with water -– rivers, lakes, perhaps even seas; and that some of that water is still there.

Although the current explorations on Mars in search of water (then or even now) have been presented as a new endeavor triggered by photographs of the surface of Mars taken in 1996 (Mars Global Surveyor) and since 2001 (Mars Pathfinder), the fact is that photographs taken two decades and more ago, by the Mariner spacecraft, already showed such evidence.


In Genesis Revisited, 1990, I reproduced NASA’s own photographs to show evidence of water flows and shorelines, and concluded unequivocally that, at least in the past, Mars was a watery planet.

Searching for “Life” - So what exactly is NASA searching for?
Though only indirectly, with a wink or a Mona Lisa smile, NASA’s leaders say that “where there was water there could be life.” Officially, they are all just searching for evidence of water. If water is still there, it would make it so much more feasible to achieve the vision -– declared by President George W. Bush –- of sending people from Earth to Mars. A dream for the future!

In the midst of such exciting developments, it seems to me appropriate to tell to All Who May Be Concerned: Travel between Earth and Mars by intelligent beings has already been achieved -– tens of thousands of years ago!

The Sumerian Evidence
The evidence for that was recorded –- in words and illustrations -– by the Sumerians, whose civilization blossomed out in Mesopotamia (now mostly Iraq) some six thousand years ago.

They did not claim the achievement of visiting Mars for themselves. Rather, they wrote on their clay tablets about the Anunnaki (“Those who from Heaven to Earth came”) who came to Earth from their planet Nibiru, a twelfth member of our solar system (counting, as they did, the Sun, Moon and ten planets) whose great elliptical orbit around the Sun lasts some 3,600 (Earth-) years. The many ancient texts, unearthed by archeologists, that deal with the Anunnaki, their comings and goings, and the astronomical knowledge (among other sciences) that they bequeathed to Mankind, have been revealed and explained in my series of books, beginning with The 12th Planet.

Moreover, the texts have been accompanied by illustrations found on clay tablets or drawn on cylinder seals. In texts dealing with the actual space travel between the planets, Earth was designated as the seventh planet – which indeed it is but only if one counts from outside-in, where Pluto would be the first, Neptune the second, Uranus and Saturn third and fourth, Jupiter the fifth, Mars the sixth and Earth the seventh. In those texts, Mars was called “The Way Station” – a stopover place between Nibiru and Earth.

And, amazingly but true, a circular tablet that can be seen on display in the British Museum in London, describes in eight segments various aspects of space travel between the Anunnaki’s planet Nibiru and the “Seventh Planet” (Earth).


One segment in particular, enlarged here for clarity, shows (and states) that the route traveled by Enlil (“Lord of the Command”) entailed passage by seven planets; it also called for a route diversion between the planet DILGAN (Jupiter) and APIN (Mars):

Mars as a way station
In their texts the Sumerians wrote that the Anunnaki traveled to Earth in groups of fifty. The first team, under the leadership of E-A (“Whose home is water”) splashed down in the waters of the Persian Gulf, waded ashore, end established ERIDU (“Home in the Faraway”). In time, 600 Anunnaki were deployed on Earth and another 300 operated shuttlecraft between Earth and Mars – yes, Mars!

Pictorial evidence for the Earth-Mars connection is provided by a depiction on a cylinder seal (now kept at the Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg, Russia):

It depicts an astronaut (“Eagleman”) on Earth (the planet marked by the seven dots, accompanied by the crescent of the Moon) and an astronaut on Mars (the six-pointed star symbol) –- the latter depicted as one from the “Fishmen” class of astronauts, those equipped to splashdown in waters.


Between the two planets an object is depicted, that could only be a spacecraft, with extended panels and antennas.

A Space Base on Mars
To maintain, over thousands of years, a space base on Mars required water for survival. The “Fishman’s” attire of the one on Mars suggests bodies of water on Mars. Moreover, as detailed in The Lost Book of Enki (“Lord Earth,” a later title for Ea), water was used by the Anunnaki to propel their spacecraft; and the availability of water on Mars made it a suitable way-station.

The Anunnaki, I have concluded in my books, used Mars not just for a quick stopover; they created a permanent space base on Mars, complete with structures and roads. In Genesis Revisited I reproduced numerous photographs taken by NASA’s Mariner-9 in 1972 and Viking-1 Orbiter in 1976 that clearly showed a variety of artificial structures there. Some of them were in the Cydonia area with its famed “Face.”

Not only such ancient evidence, but NASA’s own photographs from the 1970’s onward, indicated the presence of water on Mars. A search for watery evidence is thus, no great innovation.

Searching – Or AVOIDING?
The current search for evidence of water on Mars is hinted as an indirect effort to find evidence for “life” on Mars. But as in a previous attempt to test Martian soil (that was deemed unsuccessful), the current one looks again, at best, for evidence of microbial life.


This impels one to ask:

Why is NASA not sending its rovers to such areas as Cydonia, where its own photographs have shown remains of artificial structures (to ignore, for a moment, the “Face”)?

As exciting as a discovery that microbes had been on Mars would be -– isn’t the avoidance of closer looks at areas with structures (and the Face) indicative of a desire to not find real Life on Mars –- the life represented by intelligent beings who fashioned us to look and be like them?

For those who launch the space missions, the word “Extraterrestrials” remains taboo.

Going to Mars
-Second of two articles

The successful landing by NASA of two robotic rovers on Mars earlier this year was an occasion for joy and expectation – joy because so many of the preceding attempts (including by the Japanese and the British) have failed, and expectation of obtaining confirmation that Mars was once a watery planet.

This confirmation was announced by NASA on March 2, 2004. NASA's spokesman even went as far as stating that "where there was water there could be life." They speak of course, about bacteria.

Commenting on predictions this would happen, I wrote in a Letter To The Editor of The New York Times (on January 18, 2004) that even if NASA succeeds in proving the existence of water in the past,

“it would only affirm what most people by now believe anyway.”

NASA’s own photographs from the 1970’s and thereafter have already shown such evidence.

“To conclude that bacteria might have existed on Mars” (a possibility that would be indicated by the existence of water), I further wrote in my Letter, “will hardly excite the public; what would be exciting and highly significant for mankind’s past and future would be to find evidence of intelligent life – beings like us – on Mars. The ancient Sumerians asserted so in their texts inscribed on clay tablets.


Mariner photographs from the 1970’s show possible remains of artificial structures (to leave aside the famed Face). To send rovers to find bacterial evidence rather than verify evidence for intelligent beings on Mars, e.g. in the Cydonia region, is a red-herring cover-up.”


Intriguing Remains in Cydonia
The Letter, not unexpectedly, was not published… But the question remains; Why had NASA persistently avoided on-site examination of the Cydonia area?

In Genesis Revisited (1990) I reproduced a series of NASA’s own photographs, including photo 035-A-72 (Plate “E” in the book) that captured a panoramic view of Cydonia (see below).


There, clearly, the camera captured a rock carved to look like a human face, of a male wearing a helmet (plate “F” in the book) and the remains of walled structures, with two walls forming a right angle (plate “G” in the book).

Other NASA photographs reproduced in the book showed a lake shore, a water channel outfitted with piers, the remains of a pentagonal structure, of roads leading to elongated buildings.

Ignoring The Evidence
While in my writings and lectures I emphasized the structural evidence, it was the Face that captured the interest and imagination of various individuals and groups. NASA, on its part, ignored all the evidences in its subsequent missions, focusing instead on geology. It was only as a result of a public outcry that NASA finally directed an orbiter, Mars Pathfinder, to take a look at the Face – but only after a dust storm that covered most of the planet, and after fiddling electronically with the photographs to end up with a fuzzy picture.


(Some of the serious work to uncover the distortions was done by the Meta Research Institute under the leadership of the astronomer Thomas Van Flandern).


Yet, now distorted or not, the fact remains that the unusual rock is still there, and that it clearly showed a human-like face in the 1970’s photographs.

My conclusions were and still are that intelligent beings akin to us had been to Mars thousands of years ago. The Sumerians knew who they were: The same Anunnaki from Nibiru who had come to Earth and maintained a way-station on Mars.

The Cylinder Seal Depiction
The Sumerian information is provided in texts on clay tablets; and in pictorial support of my conclusions I included in my books the rendering of a depiction on a 4,500 years-old cylinder seal, now kept in the Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg in Russia:

It shows an astronaut (“Eagleman”) on Earth (indicated by the seven dots, Earth being the seventh planet counted from outside into the solar system, accompanied by the Moon’s crescent) greeted by an astronaut (“Fishman”, equipped for splashdowns) on Mars (the sixth planet when our solar system is entered from afar), and a spacecraft with extended panels and antennas in the heavens between them.

The “Face – 4,500 Years Ago?
It was a discerning fan, Richard L.C. of Manheim, PA, who drew my attention to the similarity between the Face in the NASA photographs (yes, there were several ones) as depicted in Genesis Revisited and the helmeted face of the astronaut on Mars as depicted on the Sumerian seal; the latter has been enlarged for better comparison:

Though one is shown full face and the other (in the seal) in profile, the similarity is nothing short of uncanny! Could the Sumerians have known of the Face on Mars 4,500 years ago? The Yes answer is detailed in, The Lost Book of Enki.

It is time to start looking for the Real evidence Mars.



Puzzling Photographs from Mars Need Explanation!
Sept 2005

NASA has released recent photographs taken by the Mars Rover Spirit, after it had climbed out of the crater in which it had landed and took panoramic pictures from the crater’s top. The photographs captured, according to JPL/NASA, a “dust devil” in the distance (about 2 miles away).

But as one looks closely at the photographs – there are many of them – one notices incredible features: What looks like a long sand-covered wall, a black stone ring, a sand-blown conical structure & rectangular areas marked off by stone boundaries…

Enlargements of the photos on the JPL/NASA website by Erik Poltorak, our webmaster, only enhance the puzzle. An explanation by the rover mission scientists would be most welcome.

Read in Genesis Revisited about the ancient settlements on Mars.

NASA site of Original Images


As of now, there has been no response from NASA (or some of the scientists involved who were personally e-mailed) to the request for explanation of the incredible photos from Mars taken by the Rover Spirit and reproduced on this website a month ago.