by Joseph Mercola
April 10, 2018
In 2011, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC)
classified cellphones as a "possible human carcinogen." In light of
three new studies, IARC is urged to upgrade it to "probable"
In February, the findings of two National Toxicology Program (NTP)
animal studies were published. Male rats exposed to cellphone
radiation were more likely to develop heart tumors than unexposed
rats. DNA damage and damage to heart tissue was also observed
In March the Ramazzini Institute published a lifetime exposure study
showing a clear link between cellphone radiation and Schwann cell
tumors - the same kind of tumors found by NTP
Ramazzini’s study found RF radiation increased both brain and heart
tumors in exposed rats. This, despite using power levels that were
up to 1,000 times lower than those used in the NTP studies
The proposed transition to 5G will dramatically increase radiation
exposure as it will require the installation of small antennas every
250 feet or so to ensure connectivity
In 2011 the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC)
classified cellphones as a Group 2B "possible carcinogen,"
1 and the
evidence supporting the theory that electromagnetic field (EMF)
radiation from cellphones can trigger abnormal cell growth and
cancer 2,3 just keeps growing and getting stronger.
In February, the findings of two government-funded animal studies
Curiously enough, the published interpretation of
this $25 million research (conducted by the National Toxicology
Program (NTP), an interagency research program currently under the
auspices of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences)
significantly downplays the actual findings of the studies.
Cellphone Radiation Linked to Brain and Heart Tumors
The NTP research includes two studies:
one on mice and one on rats.
Male rats were more likely to develop heart tumors, while female
rats and newborns exposed to high levels of radiation during
pregnancy and lactation were more likely to have low body weight.
DNA damage and damage to heart tissue were also observed in both
male and female rats, but not mice. Other types of tumors did occur
in both types of animals, though, including brain, prostate, liver
and pancreatic tumors.
According to the researchers, if these results can be confirmed,
cellphone radiation may indeed be a "weak" carcinogen. As
you'll see below, that confirmation was delivered last month, in the
form of published research by the
The animals in the NTP studies were exposed to cellphone radiation
for nine hours a day for two years (basically the full life span of
As noted by The New York Times, 5 the heart tumors (malignant
schwannomas) found in male rats are,
"similar to acoustic neuromas, a
benign tumor in people involving the nerve that connects the ear to
the brain, which some studies have linked to cellphone use."
The scientists also expressed surprise at the finding of DNA damage,
as the conventional belief is that non-ionizing radiofrequency
radiation cannot harm DNA.
"We don't feel like we understand enough
about the results to be able to place a huge degree of confidence in
the findings," John Bucher, Ph.D., 6 senior scientist at the NTP told
Such statements fly in the face of warnings issued by
the National Toxicology Program (NTP)
researchers two years ago.
NTP Whitewashed Its Conclusions
Partial results from these studies were initially released in 2016
because they were deemed too serious to hold back.
After all, the
health of hundreds of millions of Americans, let along billions of
users worldwide, is at stake.
At the time, Christopher Portier,
Ph.D., retired head of the NTP who was involved in the launch of the
study, insisted the findings showed clear causation.
"I would call
it a causative study, absolutely," he told Scientific American.
"They controlled everything in the study."
David McCormick, Ph.D., director of the Illinois Institute of
Technology Research Institute where the study was conducted, was
equally clear, telling reporters, 8
"What we are saying here is that
based on the animal studies, there is a possible risk cellphone RF
[radio frequency] is potentially carcinogenic in humans.
uncommon lesions in rodents, so it is our conclusion that they are
As noted by Microwave News,
9 while some of the pathology data was
updated since the initial release in 2016, the changes are minor.
The interpretation, however, changed dramatically. Now, even though
the findings are identical, the NTP insists it's "not a high-risk
situation" and that the risk to human health is negligible.
Microwave News lists a number of possible political reasons for the
sudden turnaround, including new NTP leadership, the current White
House administration's disdain for science that threatens big
business, and the overarching power of the major telecommunications
players of today:
There's no doubt
there are incredible amounts of money at stake.
Ramazzini Institute Duplicates NTP Findings
Whatever the reason, it's quite clear the NTP is now downplaying
findings that a mere two years ago were considered of significant
importance for public health.
The whitewash was made even more
obvious with the March 7 online publication of a lifetime exposure
study 10 by the highly respected Ramazzini Institute in Italy, which
like the NTP shows a clear link between cellphone radiation and
Schwann cell tumors (schwannomas). 11,12,13
But, contrary to the NTP, Ramazzini researchers are now urging the
IARC to re-evaluate its carcinogenicity classification for
According to Fiorella Belpoggi, director of research at
the Ramazzini Institute and the study's lead author, RF radiation
from cellphones should probably be classified as a "probable" human
carcinogen rather than a "possible" carcinogen.
In an interview with
Microwave News, Belpoggi said: 14
"The [Ramazzini Institute] findings on far field exposure to RFR
[radio frequency radiation] are consistent with and reinforce the
results of the NTP study on near field exposure, as both reported an
increase in the incidence of tumors of the brain and heart in RFR-exposed
The two laboratories worked independently at
many thousands of kilometers’ distance, using the same strain of
rats, and found the same results. It cannot be by chance.
Both findings are also consistent with the epidemiological evidence,
where an increased incidence of tumors of the same cells (Schwann
cells) of the acoustic nerve had been associated with the use of
We and NTP have evidenced the hazard of RFR
exposure, as regards the risk we have to consider that about
seven billion of people are exposed on the planet, and even if
the risk is to be considered low, due to the large number of
exposed individuals, we could expect thousands of people
affected by serious diseases like cancer of the peripheral
nerves and brain."
Indeed, a recent analysis
15,16 reveals the incidence of
multiforme, the deadliest type of brain tumor, more than doubled in
the U.K. between 1995 and 2015.
According to the authors, the
dramatic increase is likely due to "widespread environmental or
lifestyle factors," which would include cellphone usage.
Terrasse, spokesperson for the IARC, has stated the organization
will look into it once the NTP has delivered its final report, 17
which may take several months.
NTP and Ramazzini Show Effects
The NTP-funded studies found rats exposed to RF radiation began
hyperplasias - indicative of precancerous
lesions - around week 58; heart schwannomas were detected around
Ramazzini's study confirms and reinforces these results,
showing RF radiation increased both brain and heart tumors in
exposed rats. This, despite the fact that Ramazzini used much lower
While NTP used RF levels comparable to what's emitted by 2G and 3G
cellphones (near-field exposure), Ramazzini simulated exposure to
cellphone towers (far-field exposure).
In all, the Ramazzini
Institute exposed 2,448 rats to 1.8 GHz GSM radiation at electric
field strengths of 5, 25 and 50 volts per meter18 for 19 hours a
day, starting at birth until the rats died either from age or
To facilitate comparison, the researchers converted their
measurements to watts per kilogram of body weight (W/kg), which is
what the NTP used.
Overall, the radiation dose administered in the Ramazzini study was up to 1,000 times lower than the NTP's
- yet the
results were strikingly similar.
As in the NTP studies, exposed male
rats developed statistically higher rates of heart schwannomas than
They also found some evidence, although weaker, that RF exposure
increased rates of glial tumors in the brains of female rats.
noted by Ronald Melnick, Ph.D., a former senior NIH toxicologist who
led the design of the NTP study and current senior science adviser
to the Environmental Health Trust: 19
"All of the exposures used in the Ramazzini study were below the
U.S. FCC limits…
In other words, a person can legally be exposed to
this level of radiation. Yet cancers occurred in these animals at
these legally permitted levels. The Ramazzini findings are
consistent with the NTP study demonstrating these effects are a
Governments need to strengthen regulations to
protect the public from these harmful non-thermal exposures."
The NTP's conclusion that there's no cause for concern is also
challenged by an independent review panel, which concluded its
review of the two NTP studies March 28.
According to this panel of
experts, there's "clear evidence" linking RF radiation with heart
schwannomas and "some evidence" linking it to brain gliomas.
remains to be seen whether the NTP will accept or reject the panel's
conclusions in its final report.
Why Evidence of Rodent Schwannomas Could Spell Trouble for Human
As explained by Louis Slesin, Ph.D., editor and publisher of
Microwave News, the increased incidence of schwannomas in rodents
exposed to RF is no mere coincidence, and is of great concern for
public health: 20
"Schwann cells play a key role in the functioning of the peripheral
They make the myelin sheath, which insulates nerve
fibers and helps speed the conduction of electrical impulses. There
are Schwann cells just about everywhere there are peripheral nerve
They are present in most organs of the body
- whether mice,
rats or humans. Schwann cell tumors are called schwannomas.
The NTP found schwannomas in many other organs, in addition to the
heart, of rats chronically exposed to cellphone radiation. These
included a variety of glands (pituitary, salivary and thymus), the
trigeminal nerve and the eye…
The NTP also saw schwannomas in the
uterus, ovary and vagina of female rats. The brain has no Schwann
cells - the brain is part of the central nervous system.
cells play a similar function. In fact, Schwann cells are a type of
Tumors of the glial cells are called gliomas. The NTP also saw an
increase in glioma among the male rats exposed to GSM and CDMA
Higher rates of glioma have been reported in a number of
epidemiological studies of cellphone users.
The other tumor linked
to cellphone radiation in human studies is acoustic neuroma, a tumor
of the auditory nerve… formally called a vestibular schwannoma.
While schwannomas and gliomas are commonly noncancerous tumors, they
can develop into malignant schwannomas or glioblastomas…
implication is that instead of searching for consistency in RF's
ability to cause cancer in specific organs, the emphasis should now
be on specific cell types - beginning with Schwann cells in the
periphery and glial cells in the brain."
is an Even More Pressing Concern
I believe it would be a serious mistake to consider cellphones safe
simply because we're not seeing a dramatic uptick in brain (and/or
Remember, cellphone radiation has already been
acknowledged to be a carcinogen, and most all carcinogens, like
cigarette smoking, take decades to increase cancer risk.
are indeed the cigarettes of the 21st century and we won't see the
epidemic of cancer for another decade or two.
The NTP's research also reveal DNA and cellular damage. The
researchers claim there's no explanation for this, but that's far
from true. A number of scientists and EMF specialists have presented
evidence for a number of different mechanisms of harm.
Allan Frey, Office of Naval Research,
21 showed cellphone radiation
weakens cell membranes and your blood-brain barrier.
Some of his
experiments demonstrated that dye injected into animals was able to
penetrate into the brain when exposed to pulsed digital signals from
Today, these findings are particularly notable since cellphones are
held close to the brain.
The take-home message is that radiation
from your cellphone weakens your blood-brain barrier, allowing
toxins in your blood to enter your brain, and into the cells of your
Martin Pall, Ph.D., has published research
22,23,24,25 showing that
low-frequency microwave radiation activates voltage-gated calcium
channels (VGCCs) 26 - channels in the outer membrane of your cells.
Once activated, the VGCCs open up, allowing an abnormal influx of
calcium ions into the cell, which activates nitric oxide (NO). NO is
the only molecule in your body produced at high enough
concentrations to outcompete other molecules for superoxide and is a
precursor for peroxynitrite.27
These potent oxidant stressors are thought to be a root cause for
many of today's chronic diseases.28
Peroxynitrites modify tyrosine
molecules in proteins to create a new substance, nitrotyrosine and
nitration of structural protein.29 Changes from nitration are
visible in human biopsy of atherosclerosis, myocardial ischemia,
inflammatory bowel disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and septic
Significant oxidative stress from peroxynitrites may also result in
single-strand breaks of DNA. 31
This pathway of oxidative destruction
- triggered by low-frequency radiation emitted from mobile devices
- may partially explain the unprecedented growth rate of chronic
disease since 1990, 32 and is a far greater concern than brain
According to Pall's theory, the physical locations where VGCCs are
the densest are indicative of the diseases you might expect from
chronic excessive exposure to EMFs. As it turns out, the highest
density of VGCCs are found in your nervous system, the pacemaker in
your heart and in male testes.
As a result, EMFs are likely to
contribute to neurological and neuropsychiatric problems, heart and
Paul Héroux, Ph.D., professor of toxicology and health effects of
electromagnetism at the faculty of medicine at McGill University in
Montreal, stresses the impact EMFs have on the water in your body.
The mechanism of action he proposes involves the enzyme ATP synthase,
which passes currents of protons through a water channel.
ATP synthase basically generates energy in the form ATP from ADP,
using this flow of protons. Magnetic fields can change the
transparency of the water channel to protons, thereby reducing the
As a result, you get less ATP, which can have system wide
consequences, from promoting chronic disease and infertility to
Will Findings Affect 5G Rollout?
We're now facing the rollout of high-speed wireless 5G technology
across the U.S.
How might the NTP and Ramazzini findings affect this
According to Melnick, 33
"It should most likely lead to a
reduction in exposure limits."
He also hopes the findings will
compel public officials and telecommunications companies to not
promote the use of 5G devices for children.
In a recent investigative report for
The Nation, Mark Hertsgaard and
Mark Dowie reveals,
"the disinformation campaign
- and massive
radiation increase - behind the 5G rollout." 34
The evidence for harm
goes back more than two decades.
By early 1999, findings from more
than 50 studies were already raising,
"'serious questions' about cellphone safety."
This evidence was shared in a closed-door meeting
of CTIA's 35 board of directors, which is the trade association for
the wireless industry.
Epidemiologist George Carlo, hired by CTIA in 1993 to defuse
concerns about cellphone radiation, was unable to give the industry
the clear evidence of safety it desired. Instead he found the
Among this evidence was findings of,
brain tumors occurring on the right side of the head and the use of
the phone on the right side of the head."
Research also suggested that cellphone radiation was capable of
causing "functional genetic damage."
Carlo urged the telecom
"do the right thing: Give consumers 'the information
they need to make an informed judgment about how much of this
unknown risk they wish to assume,' especially since some in the
industry had 'repeatedly and falsely claimed that wireless phones
are safe for all consumers including children'."
Safety Has Taken a Backseat to Profit
The reason nothing ever came of Carlos' investigation is because the
CTIA refused to accept the findings and publicly discredited him for
doing the work he'd been paid to do in the first place.
wireless technologies were nowhere near as ubiquitous as they are
Now, the stakes are higher than ever, and there can be little
doubt that profit is still weighing heavier than science.
"This Nation investigation reveals that the wireless industry not
only made the same moral choices that the tobacco and fossil-fuel
industries did; it also borrowed from the same public-relations
playbook those industries pioneered.
The playbook's key insight is that an industry doesn't have to win
the scientific argument about safety; it only has to keep the
That amounts to a win for the industry, because the
apparent lack of certainty helps to reassure customers, even as it
fends off government regulations and lawsuits that might pinch
profits," Hertsgaard and Dowie write.36
"Funding friendly research has perhaps been the most important
component of this strategy, because it conveys the impression that
the scientific community truly is divided…
The wireless industry
has obstructed a full and fair understanding of the current science,
aided by government agencies that have prioritized commercial
interests over human health and news organizations that have failed
to inform the public about what the scientific community really
5G Will Dramatically Increase Radiation Exposure
The transition to
5G will dramatically increase RF-EMF radiation
exposure as it will require the installation of small antennas every
250 feet or so to ensure connectivity.
Some estimates suggest
millions of new antenna sites will have to be erected in the U.S.
In September last year, more than 180 doctors and scientists from 35
countries signed a petition 37 to enact a moratorium on the rollout
of 5G due to potential health risks, noting that,
"RF-EMF has been
proven to be harmful for humans and the environment."
also points out that:
"5G technology is effective only over short distance.
It is poorly
transmitted through solid material. Many new antennas will be
required and full-scale implementation will result in antennas in
every 10 to 12 houses in urban areas, thus massively increasing
More than 230 scientists from 41 countries have expressed their
"serious concerns" regarding the ubiquitous and increasing exposure
to EMF generated by electric and wireless devices already before the
additional 5G roll-out…
Effects include increased cancer risk, cellular stress, increase in
harmful free radicals, genetic damages, structural and functional
changes of the reproductive system, learning and memory deficits,
neurological disorders and negative impacts on general well-being in
Damage goes well beyond the human race, as there is growing
evidence of harmful effects to both plants and animals."
from Excessive EMF
There's no doubt in my mind that RF-EMF exposure is a significant
health hazard that needs to be addressed if you're concerned about
your health, and the roll-out of 5G would certainly make remedial
action all the more difficult.
Late last year, California governor
Jerry Brown vetoed a bill to establish statewide standards for 5G
Senate Bill 649 sought to restrict the ability of local government
to block antenna placement, which led to opposition from local
officials across the state.
Brown decided to let local leaders have
control over 5G infrastructure. In time, we'll likely see similar
legislation in other states, so keep your eyes and ears open, and be
sure to get involved whenever an opportunity presents itself.
meantime, here are several suggestions that will help reduce your RF-EMF exposure:
Connect your desktop computer to the internet via a wired Ethernet
connection and be sure to put your desktop in airplane mode. Also
avoid wireless keyboards, trackballs, mice, game systems, printers
and portable house phones. Opt for the wired versions.
If you must use Wi-Fi, shut it off when not in use, especially at
night when you are sleeping. Ideally, work toward hardwiring your
house so you can eliminate Wi-Fi altogether. If you have a notebook
without any Ethernet ports, a USB Ethernet adapter will allow you to
connect to the internet with a wired connection.
Shut off the electricity to your bedroom at night. This typically
works to reduce electrical fields from the wires in your wall unless
there is an adjoining room next to your bedroom. If that is the case
you will need to use a meter to determine if you also need to turn
off power in the adjacent room.
Use a battery-powered alarm clock, ideally one without any light. I
use a talking clock for the visually impaired. 39
If you still use a
microwave oven, consider replacing it with a
steam convection oven, which will heat your food as quickly and far
Avoid using "smart" appliances and thermostats that depend on
wireless signaling. This would include all new "smart" TVs. They are
called smart because they emit a Wi-Fi signal and, unlike your
computer, you cannot shut the Wi-Fi signal off. Consider using a
large computer monitor as your TV instead, as they don't emit Wi-Fi.
Refuse smart meters as long as you can, or add a shield to an
existing smart meter, some of which have been shown to reduce
radiation by 98 to 99 percent.40
Consider moving your baby's bed into your room instead of using a
wireless baby monitor. Alternatively, use a hard-wired monitor.
Replace CFL bulbs with incandescent bulbs. Ideally remove all
fluorescent lights from your house. Not only do they emit unhealthy
light, but more importantly, they will actually transfer current to
your body just being close to the bulbs.
Avoid carrying your cellphone on your body unless in airplane mode
and never sleep with it in your bedroom unless it is in airplane
mode. Even in airplane mode it can emit signals, which is why I put
my phone in a Faraday bag.41
When using your cellphone, use the speaker phone and hold the phone
at least 3 feet away from you. Seek to radically decrease your time
on the cellphone. I typically use my cellphone less than 30 minutes
a month, and mostly when traveling. Instead, use VoIP software
phones that you can use while connected to the internet via a wired