by R. Santini, P. Santini, J.M. Danze, P. Le Ruz, M. Seigne
Editions scientifiques et medicales Elsevier SAS
from TheEMRNetwork Website
Comparisons of complaint frequencies (CHISQUARE test with Yates correction) in relation to the distance from base stations and sex show significant (p <0.05) increase as compared to people living > 300 m or not exposed to base stations, up through 300 m for tiredness, 200 m for headache, sleep disruption, discomfort, etc., 100 m for irritability, depression, loss of memory, dizziness, libido decrease, etc.
Women significantly more often than men (p < 0.05) complained of headache, nausea, loss of appetite, sleep disruption, depression, discomfort and visual disruptions.
This first study on symptoms experienced by people living in the vicinity of base stations shows that, in view of radioprotection, the of minimal distance of people from cellular phone base stations should not be <300 m.
These biological effects, associated with others (skin problems, nausea, irritability, etc.) constitute what is known in English as “Non Specific Health Symptoms” (NSHS) that characterize radiofrequency sickness. 
A questionnaire similar to that developed for the study on mobile phone users  was sent to people wishing to participate in the study.
General questions pertained to age, sex, estimated distance from base stations (less than 10 m, 10 to 50 m, 50 to 100 m, 100 to 200 m, 200 to 300 m, more than 300 m) and their location in relation to the antennas (facing, beside, behind, beneath in the case of antennas placed on rooftops).
The exposure conditions were defined by the length of time living in the neighborhood of base stations, (less than 1 year through more than 5 years), the number of days per week and the n umber of hours per day ( less than I hour through 16-24 hours per day).
For the 530 questionnaires studied, 270 came from males (average age + or - variation: 45 years + or - 20) and 260 from females (47 years + or - 19). 18 symptoms referenced in the “NSHS” were the subject of the questionnaire, one of which, premature menopause, concerned only females.
The results obtained, pertaining to the frequency of the complaints experienced (in comparison to complaints at a level of “0”), were analyzed by the CHI-SQUARE test with Yates correction  using a program (STATITCF, 19787, France).
We present here the results tallying:
The study subjects are distributed in the following manner:
In comparison with the reference subject group located at >300 m or not exposed to base stations, the complaints are experienced to a significantly higher degree by the subjects located in the distance zones of <10 m through 300 m from base stations.
Certain symptoms are experienced significantly more often (p < 0.05) uniquely in the immediate vicinity of base stations (<10 m) and not beyond that: nausea, loss of appetite, visual disruptions, difficulty in moving.
Significant differences (p < 0.05)) are observed up through 100 m from base stations for symptoms such as: irritability, depressive tendencies, difficulties in concentration, loss of memory, dizziness, lowering of libido).
In the zone 100 m to 200 m, the symptoms of headaches, sleep disruption, feelings of discomfort, and skin problems are again experienced significantly more often (p < 0.05) in comparison with the group of subjects at > 300 m or not exposed.
Beyond 200 m, only the symptom of fatigue is reported at a significantly high frequency (p < 0.05) (Table 1).
By contrast, no significant effect is demonstrated in relation to distance for the symptom of premature menopause. A significant lowering of libido is reported for the distances of less than 10 m, 10 to 50 m and 50 to 100 m from base stations. For fatigue and headaches Figures 1 and 2 present the percentages of complaints expressed as a function of distance from base stations.
Two symptoms were experienced significantly more often in women (p < 0.05) as a function of different distance zones:
On the contrary, in the group of subjects living beyond 300 m or not exposed to base stations, no significant difference related to sex appears in the frequency of complaints reported for t he different symptoms.
The significant increase in the frequency of complaints in relation to the reference group (people exposed at > 300 m or not exposed) leads toward the observation found in the Australian governmental report indicating that at 200 m from a base station, some people exposed in their homes are complaining of chronic fatigue and sleep disruption .
However, the measurements of electromagnetic fields in the neighborhood of base stations show a reduction in field strength over distance [1,9].
One can expect that human sensitivity to electromagnetic waves is such that increased distance from base stations has no significant effect on certain symptoms up to a distance of 200 to 300 m. It is equally possible that the levels of electromagnetic fields found around base stations would not be the exact representation of the levels of exposure of populations.
In fact, different parameters are likely to interfere to modify the levels and in particular fluctuations in emission strengths such as the number of calls handled by the base stations, the reflection of electromagnetic waves, etc. .
This sex-related difference is parallel to the particular sensitivity of females to electromagnetic fields [11, 12].
Percentages of complaints reported compared to responses of a level of « 0 »,
by persons living in the vicinity of base stations as a function of their distance away from a base station.
Influence of sex on the frequency of symptoms reported by subjects (205 men, 215 women)
living in the vicinity (all distances < 300 m) of mobile phone base stations
Frequencies of complaints compared to a response level of « 0 » for the symptom of fatigue,
living in the vicinity of mobile phone base stations as a function
of their distance from base stations.
Frequencies of complaints reported in comparison to a response level of « 0 »
for the symptom of headaches
in people living in the vicinit y of base stations as a function of
their distance from base stations.