from PhilipCoppens Website
A new sandstorm is brewing on the
outskirts of the Egyptian desert: newly released ground scans reveal
that a team of Egyptian scientists has identified potential
locations of tunnels and caves – on par with the controversial Hall
of Records – in the immediate vicinity of the pyramids and the
The pyramids of Giza are built on a limestone plateau, which means that it has got the consistency of a cheese with lots of holes. Indeed, one cave on the plateau was actually incorporated into the internal layout of the pyramid – and may have contributed to why the Great Pyramid, the only pyramid that has an elaborate structure in the pyramid itself, has this unique internal structure.
It is therefore to be expected that elsewhere on the plateau,
similar cavities, if not long tunnels, exist. This makes for
intriguing possibilities, as some of these tunnels may have been
used by the ancient Egyptians – or that other tunnels or caves may
have been expanded, or new “halls” – such as the fabled Hall of
Records – constructed.
Reda Mohamed el-Damak, director of the Center of Studies and Designs for Water Projects at Cairo University's Faculty of Engineering, states that groundwater is posing the most serious threat to the Sphinx, carved from the bedrock of the Giza Plateau, and situated at lower altitude than the pyramids, who sit on the plateau, themselves. The latest measurement readings from the site show that groundwater is present at a depth of only four meters under the Sphinx.
This does not bode well for people searching for the Hall of Records underneath this enigmatic monument.
Map showing the nine areas subjected to GPR analysis
Most of the scientific research that is carried out today, is preservation. Little exploratory archaeology is occurring. Furthermore, in bygone days, dynamite was the preferred archaeological tool; today, only non-destructive methods are allowed. As such, trying to find out what lies beneath without using a spade is not an easy task.
More recently, in 1998, Abbas Mohamed
Abbas was asked to study how best to restore the Sphinx and its
protection against groundwater penetration. But now, Abbas has been
involved in a series of exploration work, rather than preservation.
And some will argue it is long overdue…
Nine areas of potential interest had been identified, which Abbas and his team subjected to a series of detailed scans.
These are powerful claims to make and they do go beyond the available evidence as presented in the report, which “merely” points out the presence of subterranean cavities.
GPR profile of cave-like phenomena in area 1 and area 2
Abbas and colleagues further state that the cavities are at a fairly deep level, ranging from 12 to 25 meters below the surface. He also states that,
It is an enigmatic statement to make,
and is either Abbas’ wording to guarantee that future funding is
received, or that he has additional data, not included in the
report, that warrants his optimism.
He too agreed that Abbas’ report is not
what you would expect to read in a scientific magazine. It “hints”
at more. And the first “clue” that something was afoot with the
report came when Brown noticed that Abbas had only posted one
section of the three GPR scans of the Causeway between the Second
Pyramid and the rear of the Sphinx.
Furthermore, Brown, as a member of the 2006 survey team, notes that,
That was not all. Abbas’ GPR area no. 8, is an area of 30 by 60 meters, a vast area.
Abbas’ report states that there were no features discovered inside. But we know that in 1935, a discovery was made there, as shown in a report by Dr. Selim Hassan and 1935 contemporary newspaper accounts. This was a tomb area, composed of two discoveries. The upper level area know as GPR area 6 (B) was the so-called “Osiris tomb” and another location, known as GPR area 8, much lower in that level area, contained a “Three Pillared Tomb”, as Hassan described it.
Current Excavation at GPR Zone Area (8) of new underground discovery.
This ‘missing’ information in itself provides a logical framework as to why Abbas’ report is so “speculative” in its conclusions: the GPR did discover certain interesting anomalies, but these appear to have been edited out of the final, published report. Egypt has seen similar “the absence of evidence proves there is a conspiracy” cases before, and many ended in nothing but wild speculation, without anything ever seen or heard from them again.
But unlike those claims – whether true or not – Brown notes that he is not talking about a complete lack of evidence, or wild speculation; it’s just that there is no logical reason why Abbas did not scan a ten meter section of the third section of the Sphinx Causeway, nor report underground features in area 8.
The question then is: why not?
Brown’s observations were confirmed when he contacted the former 2006 GPR Polish Team field testing coordinator, geologist Adam Szynkiewicz, who is a Ph. D. geologist at the Wroclaw University, Institute of Geological Sciences, in Poland. Szynkiewicz personally worked with Dr Abbas and Brown on the GPR project at Giza. Both had to sign a contract not to publish or disclose facts related to the 2006 scans until the report was published.
Section 6 (A) also reflects an indication of at least three tomb-like anomalies below the causeway based on very special and unique anomaly profile features, this according to Szynkiewicz.
Profile of 2006 GPR tomb-like anomaly discovered under the Sphinx
A total of at least 7 such ‘anomaly’ tomb-like features have been found within the limits of the three areas of the causeway. In short, the GPR scan profile shows much more than what the report states, and this suggests that either Abbas did not include this information, or that the material was edited out – censured.
Seeing that Abbas’ conclusions hint at
certain things that are not discussed in the main body of the text,
it appears that some information has indeed been edited. Brown
personally does not believe that Abbas edited the report himself,
but posits that it might have occurred within the 18 months it took
for this report to be published.
Brown has researched these excavation records himself at the Cairo University Library. He finds it interesting that many of these discoveries are now not open to the public and remain locked behind steel bars. While public safety is certainly an important consideration to make, it is also a method used to prevent further exploration.
The very secretive nature – the
agreements the Polish foundation members needed to sign – of the
2006 scans themselves underlines that scientific exploration in Giza
is not done in a framework of openness and transparency. The
existing Egyptian 2002 legal restrictions concerning any additional
excavations at Giza, a law that remains in place until the year
2012, is another big issue that is clearly in need of review, sooner
rather than later.
Szynkiewic has been using so-called ‘RADAN’ computer scan programs, in lieu of the lesser quality GSSI system program used by and shown by Dr Abbas in his report. He is also trying to get three-dimensional readings of these results, which will enable a clearer understanding for those who have not been trained to “read” the published GPR results.
More than two years after the scans were
performed, the story of the scans themselves only seems to be at a