September 30, 2011
During the 1960s, the United States and the Soviet Union were
engaged in a feverish competition to be the first to set foot on the
We know who won this race, but less about a secret chapter. The
Soviets many not have sent a man to the moon, but they successfully
guided two small robots by remote control from the earth.
For 16 months between 1970 and 1973, these Lunokhods traveled more
than thirty miles over the moon’s surface.
With the declassification of the former USSR space archives, along
with recollections by several of the key participants in
the Lunokhod program, the true story of the
Russian lunar robots can
finally be told.
The Lunokhods were designed by
Alexander Kemurdjianat at