by Jim Marrs
September 14, 2010
Despite six announced
visits by U.S. astronauts
between 1969 and 1972,
the Moon remains a riddle to scientists in
The solutions to these riddles could indicate an alien
aspect of our familiar Moon.
Called “the Rosetta Stone of the planets” by Dr. Robert Jastrow, the
first chairman of NASA’s Lunar Exploration Committee, scientists had
hoped by studying the composition of the Moon, to resolve some of
the mysteries of how our planet and solar system came into
However, six Moon landings later, science writer Earl Ubell
“…the lunar Rosetta Stone remains a mystery. The Moon is
more complicated than anyone expected; it is not simply a kind of
billiard ball frozen in space and time, as many scientists had
Few of the fundamental questions have been answered, but
the Apollo rocks and recordings have spawned a score of mysteries, a
few truly breath-stopping.”
Among these “breath-stopping” mysteries or anomalies as scientists
prefer to call them is the fact that the Moon is far older than
previously imagined, perhaps even much older than the Earth and Sun.
By examining tracks burned into Moon rocks by cosmic rays,
scientists have dated them as billions of years old. Some have been
dated back 4.5 billion years, far older than the Earth and nearly as
old as the solar system.
The Moon has at least three distinct layers of rocks. Contrary to
the idea that heavier objects sink, the heavier rocks are found on
the surface. And there is a definite disparity in the distribution
“If the Earth and Moon were created at the
same time, near each other, why has one body got all the iron [the
Earth] and the other [the Moon] not much?” asked Ubell.
differences suggest that Earth and Moon came into being far from
each other, an idea that stumbles over the inability of
astrophysicists to explain how exactly the Moon became a satellite
of the Earth.”
The Moon is extremely dry and does not appear to have ever had water
in any substantial amounts.
None of the Moon rocks, regardless of
where they were found, contained free water or even water molecules
bound into the minerals. Yet Apollo 16 astronauts found Moon rocks
that contained bits of rusted iron. Since oxidation requires oxygen
and free hydrogen, this rust indicates there must be water somewhere
on the Moon.
Furthermore, instruments left behind by Apollo missions sent a
signal to Earth on March 7, 1971, indicating a “wind” of water had
crossed the Moon’s surface. Since any water on the airless Moon
surface vaporizes and behaves like the wind on Earth, the question
became where did this
The vapor cloud eruptions
lasted 14 hours and covered an area of some 100 square miles,
prompting Rice University physicists Dr. John Freeman, Jr. and Dr.
H. Ken Hills to pronounce the event one of “the most exciting
discoveries yet” indicating water within the Moon.
physicists claimed the water vapor came from deep inside the Moon,
apparently released during a moonquake.
NASA officials offered a more mundane, and questionable,
explanation. They speculated that two tanks on Apollo descent stages
containing between 60 and 100 pounds of water became stressed and
ruptured, releasing their contents. Freeman and Hills declined to
accept this explanation, pointing out that the two tanks - from
Apollo 12 and 14 - were some 180 kilometers apart yet the water
vapor was detected with the same flux at both sites although the
instruments faced in opposite directions.
Skeptics also have
understandably questioned the odds of two separate tanks breaking
simultaneously and how such a small quantity of water could produce
100 square miles of vapor.
Moon rocks were found to be magnetized - not strong enough to pick up
a paper clip, but magnetic nevertheless. However, there is no
magnetic field on the Moon itself. So where did the magnetism come
The presence of
maria, or large seas of smooth solidified molten
rock, also presented a mystery. These maria indicate nothing less
than a vast outpouring of lava at some distant time. It has now been
confirmed that some of the Moon’s craters are of internal origin.
Yet there is no indication that the Moon has ever been hot enough to
produce volcanic eruptions.
Another puzzle is that almost all - four-fifths
- of the maria are located on the Moon’s Earthside
hemisphere. Few maria mark the far side of the Moon, often
erroneously referred to as the “dark side.” Yet the far side
contains many more craters and mountainous areas.
In comparison to the rest of the Moon, the maria are relatively free
of craters suggesting that craters were covered by lava flow. Adding
to this mystery are the mascons - large dense circular masses lying
20 to 40 miles below the center of the Moon’s maria.
were discovered because their denseness distorted the orbits of our
spacecraft flying over or near them.
One scientist proposed that the mascons are heavy iron meteorites that plunged deep into the Moon
while it was in a soft, formable stage. This theory has been
discounted since meteorites strike with such high velocities, they
would vaporize on contact.
Another mundane explanation is that the mascons are nothing more
than lava-filled caverns, but skeptics say there isn’t enough lava
present to accomplish this. It would seem these mascons are huge
disk-shaped objects possibly of artificial construction. It is
unlikely that large circular disks located directly under the center
of the maria like a giant bulls-eye happened by accident or
Between 1969 and 1977, Apollo mission seismographic equipment
registered up to 3,000 “moonquakes” each year of operation.
the vibrations were quite small and were caused by meteorite strikes
or falling booster rockets. But many other quakes were detected deep
inside the Moon. This internal creaking is believed to be caused by
the gravitational pull of our planet as most moonquakes occur when
the Moon is closest to the Earth.
An event occurred in 1958 in the Moon’s
Alphonsus crater, which
shook the idea that all internal moonquake activity was simply
In November of that year, Soviet astronomer
A. Kozyrev of the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory startled the
scientific world by photographing the first recorded gaseous
eruption on the Moon near the crater’s peak. Kozyrev attributed this
to escaping fluorescent gases. He also detected a reddish glow
characteristic of carbon compounds, which “seemed to move and
disappeared after an hour.”
Some scientists refused to accept Kozyrev’s findings until
astronomers at the Lowell Observatory also saw reddish glows on the
crests of ridges in the Aristarchus region in 1963.
colored lights on the Moon lasting more than an hour were reported
at two separate observatories.
Something was going on inside the volcanically dead Moon. And
whatever it is, it occurs the same way at the same time. As the Moon
moves closer to the Earth, seismic signals from different stations
on the lunar surface detect identical vibrations. It is difficult to
accept this movement as a natural phenomenon.
For example, a broken
artificial hull plate could shift exactly the same way each time the
Moon passed near the Earth.
There is evidence to indicate the Moon may be hollow. Studies of
Moon rocks indicate that the Moon’s interior differs from the
Earth’s mantle in ways suggesting a very small, or even nonexistent,
As far back as 1962, NASA scientist Dr.
“If the astronomical data are reduced, it is found that the
data require that the interior of the Moon be less dense than the
outer parts. Indeed, it would seem that the Moon is more like a
hollow than a homogeneous sphere.”
Apollo 14 astronaut Dr. Edgar Mitchell, while scoffing at the
possibility of a hollow moon, nevertheless admitted that since
heavier materials were on the surface, it is quite possible that
giant caverns exist within the Moon.
MIT’s Dr. Sean C. Solomon
“The Lunar Orbiter experiments vastly improved our knowledge
of the Moon’s gravitational field… indicating the frightening
possibility that the Moon might be hollow.”
The significance was stated by astronomer
Sagan way back in his 1966 work Intelligent Life in the Universe,
natural satellite cannot be a hollow object.”
The most startling evidence that the Moon could be hollow came on
November 20, 1969, when the Apollo 12 crew, after returning to their
command ship, sent the lunar module (LM) ascent stage crashing back
onto the Moon creating an artificial moonquake.
The LM struck the
surface about 40 miles from the Apollo 12 landing site where
ultra-sensitive seismic equipment recorded something both unexpected
and astounding - the Moon reverberated like a bell for more than an
hour. The vibration wave took almost eight minutes to reach a peak,
and then decreased in intensity.
At a news conference that day, one
of the co-directors of the seismic experiment, Maurice Ewing, told
reporters that scientists were at a loss to explain the ringing.
for the meaning of it, I’d rather not make an interpretation right
now. But it is as though someone had struck a bell, say, in the
belfry of a church a single blow and found that the reverberation
from it continued for 30 minutes.”
It was later established that small vibrations had continued on the
Moon for more than an hour.
The phenomenon was repeated when the
Apollo 13’s third stage was sent crashing onto the Moon by radio
command, striking with the equivalent of 11 tons of TNT. According
to NASA, this time the Moon “reacted like a gong.”
equipment was more than 108 miles from the crash site, recordings
showed reverberations lasted for three hours and 20 minutes and
traveled to a depth of 22 to 25 miles.
Subsequent studies of man-made crashes on the Moon yielded similar
results. After one impact the Moon reverberated for four hours. This
ringing coupled with the density problem on the Moon reinforces the
idea of a hollow moon. Scientists hoped to record the impact of a
meteor large enough to send shock waves to the Moon’s core and back
and settle the issue.
That opportunity came on May 13, 1972, when a
large meteor stuck the Moon with the equivalent force of 200 tons of
TNT. After sending shock waves deep into the interior of the Moon,
scientists were baffled to find that none returned, confirming that
there is something unusual about the Moon’s core, or lack thereof.
Dr. Farouk El Baz was quoted as saying,
“There are many undiscovered
caverns suspected to exist beneath the surface of the Moon. Several
experiments have been flown to the Moon to see if there actually
were such caverns.”
The results of these experiments have not been
It seems apparent that the Moon has a tough, hard outer shell and a
light or nonexistent interior. The Moon’s shell contains dense
minerals such as titanium, used on Earth in the construction of
aircraft and space vehicles.
Many people still recall watching our astronauts on TV as they
vainly tried to drill through the crust of a Moon maria. Their
specially designed drills could only penetrate a few inches. The
puzzle of the Moon’s hard surface was compounded by the discovery of
what appeared to be processed metals.
Experts were surprised to find lunar rocks bearing brass, mica and
amphibole in addition to the near-pure titanium. Uranium 236 and
Neptunium 237 - elements not previously found in nature - were
discovered in Moon rocks, according to the Argone National
Laboratory. While still trying to explain the presence of these
materials, scientists were further startled to learn of rust-proof
iron particles in a soil sample from the Sea of Crisis.
In 1976, the
Associated Press reported that the Soviets had announced the
discovery of iron particles that “do not rust” in samples brought
back by an unmanned Moon mission in 1970. Iron that does not rust is
unknown in nature and well beyond present Earth technology.
Undoubtedly the greatest mystery concerning our Moon is how it came
to be there in the first place. Prior to the Apollo missions, one
serious theory as to the Moon’s origin was that it broke off of the
Earth eons ago. Although no one could positively locate where on
Earth it originated, many speculated the loss of material explained
the huge gouge in the Earth, which forms the Pacific Ocean.
this idea was discarded when it was found that there is little
similarity between the composition of our world and the Moon.
A more recent theory had the Moon created out of space debris left
over from the creation of the Earth. This concept proved untenable
in light of current gravitational theory, which indicates that one
large object will accumulate all loose material, leaving none for
the formation of another large body. It is now generally accepted
that the Moon originated elsewhere and entered the Earth’s
gravitational field at some point in the distant past.
Here theories diverge:
one stating that the Moon was originally a
planet which collided with the Earth creating debris which combined
forming the Moon
another states the Moon, while wandering
through our solar system, was captured and pulled into orbit by
Neither of these theories are especially compelling
because of the lack of evidence that neither the Earth nor the Moon
seem to have been physically disrupted by a past close encounter.
There is no debris in space indicating a past collision and it does
not appear that the Earth and the Moon developed during the same
As for the “capture” theory, even scientist Isaac Asimov, well known
for his works of fiction, has written,
“It’s too big to have been
captured by the Earth. The chances of such a capture having been
effected and the Moon then having taken up nearly circular orbit
around our Earth are too small to make such an eventuality
Asimov was right to consider the Moon’s orbit
- it is not only
nearly a perfect circle, but stationary, one side always facing the
Earth with only the slightest variation.
As far as we know, it’s the
only natural satellite with such an orbit.
This circular orbit is especially odd considering that the Moon’s
center of mass lies more than a mile closer to the Earth than its
geometric center. This fact alone should produce an unstable, wobbly
orbit, much as a ball with its mass off center will not roll in a
straight line. Additionally, almost all of the other satellites in
our solar system orbit in the plane of their planet’s equator.
so the Moon, whose orbit lies strangely nearer the Earth’s orbit
around the Sun or inclined to the Earth’s ecliptic by more than five
degrees. Add to this the fact that the Moon’s bulge - located on the
side facing away from Earth - thus negating the idea that it was
caused by the Earth’s gravitational pull - makes for an off-balanced
It seems impossible that such an oddity could naturally fall into
such a precise and circular orbit.
It is a fascinating conundrum as
articulated by science writer William Roy Shelton, who wrote,
important to remember that something had to put the Moon at or near
its present circular pattern around the Earth. Just as an Apollo
spacecraft circling the Earth every 90 minutes while 100 miles high
has to have a velocity of roughly 18,000 miles per hour to stay in
orbit, so something had to give the Moon the precisely required
velocity for its weight and altitude …
The point - and it is one
seldom noted in considering the origin of the Moon - is that it is
extremely unlikely that any object would just stumble into the right
combination of factors required to stay in orbit. ‘Something’ had to
put the Moon at its altitude, on its course and at its speed. The
question is: what was that ‘something’?”
If the precise and stationary orbit of the Moon is seen as sheer
coincidence, is it also coincidence that the Moon is at just the
right distance from the Earth to completely cover the Sun during an
While the diameter of the Moon is a mere 2,160 miles
against the Sun’s gigantic 864,000 miles, it is nevertheless in just
the proper position to block out all but the Sun’s flaming corona
when it moves between the Sun and the Earth.
“There is no astronomical reason why the Moon and the Sun should fit
so well. It is the sheerest of coincidences, and only the Earth
among all the planets is blessed in this fashion.”
Is it merely coincidence? How does one explain this and many other
In July 1970, two Russian scientists, Mikhail Vasin and Alexander Shcherbakov, published an article in the Soviet journal Sputnik
entitled “Is the Moon the Creation of Alien Intelligence?”
advanced the theory that the Moon is not a completely natural world,
but a planetoid that was hollowed out eons ago in the far reaches of
space by intelligent beings possessing a technology far superior to
Huge machines were used to melt rock and form large cavities
within the Moon, spewing the molten refuse onto the surface.
Protected by a hull-like inner shell plus a reconstructed outer
shell of metallic rocky junk, this gigantic craft was steered
through the cosmos and finally parked in orbit around the Earth.
In their article Vasin and Shcherbakov wrote,
traditional paths of ‘common sense,’ we have plunged into what may
at first sight seem to be unbridled and irresponsible fantasy. But
the more minutely we go into all the information gathered by man
about the Moon, the more we are convinced that there is not a single
fact to rule out our supposition.
Not only that, but many things so
far considered to be lunar enigmas are explainable in the light of
this new hypothesis.”
Outrageous as the spaceship moon theory might first appear, consider
how this model reconciles all of the mysteries of the Moon.
explain why the Moon gives evidence of being much older than the
Earth and perhaps even our solar system and why there are three
distinct layers within the Moon, with the densest materials in the
outside layer, exactly as one would expect of the “hull” of a
spacecraft. It could also explain why no sign of water has been
found on the Moon’s surface, yet there is evidence it exists deep
This theory also would explain the strange maria and mascons,
perhaps the remnants of the machinery used to hollow out the Moon.
The idea of an artificial satellite could explain the odd, rhythmic
“moonquakes” as artificial constructs reacting the same way during
periods of stress from the Earth’s pull. And artificial equipment
beneath the Moon’s surface might be the source of the gas clouds
that have been observed.
Intelligent “terraforming” of the Moon could prove the solution to
the argument between “hot moon” and “cold moon” scientists - they
are both right!
The Moon originally was a cold world, which was
transformed into a spacecraft by artificially heating and expelling
vast quantities of its interior. This theory also could explain the
seeming contradictions over the question of a hollow moon. If the
Moon originally was a solid world which was artificially hollowed
out, there would be evidence of both phases - exactly what we have
with current Moon knowledge.
An artificially hollowed-out Moon would explain why the satellite
rings like a bell for hours after struck and why specimens of tough,
refractory metals such as
...have been found
In fact, the spaceship moon theory may come closer than any other in
reconciling the questions over the origin and amazing orbit of the
But we are not supposed to consider this thesis.
The circular logic
of modern science regarding the origins of the Moon runs something
We know that extraterrestrials don’t exist but we do know
that the Moon exists and has been mentioned throughout human
history. We humans did not create it or place it in Earth’s orbit,
so it must have been done by extraterrestrials.
But since we know
'they' don't exist, we will simply call it an
anomaly and will not
publicly say anything more about this.