'And God made two great
the greater light to rule the
and the lesser light to rule the night:
he made the stars also.
The King James Bible
Good things and terrible things have always happened to mortal man.
The warmth of spring, the survival of infants, the provision of
animals to hunt, plants to harvest and freedom from disease must
surely be the work of an unseen force with powers far beyond than
that of mere people. So too, the ills and woes of failed crops,
floods and death wrought upon whole tribes by war and desperate want.
It must be the will of the gods.
Thank the gods, fear the gods, appease the gods.
Religion is as old as the stories that humans first told. From the
early Stone Age to the Internet Age, humankind appears to need the
power of deities that inhabit an unseen world and yet have the power
to affect the lives we live. The greatest love and the greatest hate
spill forth in the name of gods.
Today, the great religions of the world tend to describe the gods in
the singular as God, even though they all refer to m any aspects
The Hindu tradition has ideas that are increasingly seen as
corresponding with modern science. It perceives the existence of the
cyclical nature of the Universe and everything within it, where the
cosmos follows one cycle within a framework of larger cycles.
The Universe has been created and
reached an end, but it represents only one turn in the perpetual
‘wheel of time’, which revolves infinitely through successive cycles
of creation and destruction.
cycle of creation and destruction of the Universe could be seen as a
series of Big Bangs and Big Crunches, where all matter explodes
outwards from nowhere and then recedes back again. Within these
gigantic cycles the soul also undergoes its own cycle, called
samsara - where death and rebirth sees the same souls repeatedly
Meanwhile, Christianity is a broad church indeed, covering an
incredible span of beliefs. At
one end of the spectrum there are many scientific thinkers -
including at least two Fellows of the Royal Society.
One of them,
John Polkinghorne, was a mathematical physicist before resigning his
position as a professor at Cambridge University in 1979 to be
ordained as priest in the Church of England.
Polkinghorne has since
devoted his life to exploring the connections between science and
theology, describing the Universe as open and flexible - a place
where patterns seem to exist and where he says the 'providential
aspect' cannot be ruled out.
Many Christians fully support science and have no problem with
evolution, quantum mechanics or the big bang origin of the Universe.
For them it is simply a question of the authorship of the blueprint
that obviously exists. The designer of all this is their God. And
yet they also believe in an event that others would find incredible.
Without wishing to be disrespectful, we would
précis that event as
follows: The initial intellect that created everything became a man
and died, nailed to a wooden post, some two thousand years ago,
before briefly returning to human life and then transferring back to
his ethereal state somewhere outside of the physical world.
anthropoid interlude for this creator deity (many billions of years
after the start of the Universe) is believed to compensate for the
bad behavior of those people who accept this story as real, thereby
ensuring a pleasant continuation of consciousness after their
physical body has ceased to be alive.
At the other end of the Christian belief are the creationists. They
hold that a collection of
ancient Canaanite and Mesopotamian myths, from at least three
separate traditions and first written down in the sixth century BC
by Jewish priests, are a literal account of how the world came into
They take an uncomplicated view of life and consider that
all species are unchanging and derive their form s from an
unchanging, divine blueprint. To a creationist a rose is a rose is a
rose, and it is foolish to think that a rose bush could become a
daffodil, or an apple tree.
They see God's plan as timeless and
unchanging, with separate types of plants and animals that have
nothing to connect them. For them the world and everything within it
was created in six days of a single week, somewhere around 4004 BC.
It is of central importance to creationists that there is an
absolute divide between humans
and other animals. They often use the phrase 'don't let them make a
monkey out of you' in the mistaken belief that evolutionists claim
that humans developed from monkeys.
Buddhist philosophy is evolutionary and in many ways agrees with
mainstream scientists. Buddha taught that all things are
impermanent, constantly arising, becoming, changing and fading.
Buddhist philosophers consequently rejected the Platonic idea of
production from 'ideal forms' as being the fallacy of 'production
from inherently existent other'.
According to most schools of
Buddhism there is nothing whatsoever that is inherently or
Buddhist philosophers have always accepted that the Universe is
billions of years old and they have no corresponding creation myth
to that of the Judeo-Christian tradition. Unlike creationists,
Buddhists believe that both humans and animals possess sentient
minds that survive death.
There are many people today who are agnostic, meaning that they do
not see any proof of God but neither do they believe it to be
impossible that there could be a God. Perhaps a small minority of
the world are true atheists believing that all matter, including
their own self-awareness, is merely the culmination of multiple
accidents occurring at random within the basic laws of physics.
The classical argument for God has been that there must have been a
'first cause' but this is
considered to be invalid by relatively modern philosophers such as
David Hume and Immanuel Kant, because the thesis is negated by its
If everything must have a first cause then what made
God? It therefore follows that the Universe could arrive
spontaneously just as much as God could.
But, it occurs to us, what if God and the essence of the Universe
were, and are, the same thing?
God in Contact
Human societies have probably always developed the idea that the
world they see around them must have a conscious mind behind it.
And the Judeo-Christian tradition holds that God has had quite
regular contact, particularly with his chosen people, from Adam
through characters such as Enoch, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Ezekiel,
Isaiah and John the Baptist (Jesus Christ cannot count because that
would be God talking to Himself).
Following the crucifixion of
Jesus, God, or members of his ethereal team, are believed to have
had contact with inspired individuals from St Paul to Joan of Arc,
and there have been many miraculous appearances at locations such as
Lourdes in France, Fatima in Portugal and Knock in Ireland.
These visitations are held to be wonderful by believers and
considered baloney by others.
Apart from the apparent miracle of
existence itself, all other aspects of God require faith. Faith
could be described as intellectual belief that transcends normal
standards of proof. In other words, the individual with faith holds
things to be true that are not evidenced in a form that rational
But what would happen if God suddenly turned up in an unambiguous
way; if the creator of the Universe appeared, in person, on the
Earth with positive proof of identity?
Logic says it could not happen because it is likely that only the
agnostics would be happy. Those who would be most likely to welcome the coming of God are, by definition, the people with the most
complex belief systems. And every group (possibly except one) would
Would Mormons be told they had it right after all
or maybe Roman Catholics?; or maybe some followers of Mohammad or
Siddhartha Gautama or any one of the countless
prophets down the ages.
Imagine the Pope and the Dalai
Lama sitting shaking their heads in disbelief as it turns out that
the Australian Aboriginal people and those of the Japanese Shinto
faith both had it right when they called God Izanagi.
would have to be those with the most religion who would have the
most to lose.
But then, it is not likely that they are all correct in some way and
that God is actually non- denominational. What if he now considers
that the childhood of the human race is over and we are now grown up
enough to be told the true mysteries of existence - he might choose
to make gentle contact to let us know that in some way 'we had
It is our initial thought that the number patterns built into the
Moon and its relationship with Earth, could be a first global
contact with God Himself. Such an event would change everything. If
God formally made his presence known, who would dare wage a war in
his name? The world might listen carefully instead of proclaiming
its right to speak on his behalf from the churches, synagogues,
mosques and temples around the globe.
What evidence is there that this message could be from God?
The first problem is one of definition. What do we mean when we
speak of God? For recent convert, Anthony Flew, God is simply the
creative force that does not interact with people, but for many
millions of others He is a benign father figure who listens
to their prayers.
Upon reflection, the only way to deal with this point is to ignore
it. If the hum an species has reached the end of its 'childhood',
the nature of God will be appreciated in a new light anyway.
The most fundamental case for the God scenario, when it comes to
the message the Moon has to impart to us about its artificial
construction, is that any entity who created our world is God, almost by definition. Scriptures from all around the world attribute
making of our planet and the heavens to a creative force that
usually has a special relationship with humankind.
is so special
in Christianity that it is central to the very belief
system that the creator of our world actually became a man for
thirty- three years some two millennia ago.
The fact that the numbers used in the Moon's message are in base
ten, implies that the UCA
knew that the intelligent species that would evolve on Earth would
have ten fingers. God would know that. It is also clearly the case
that the UCA knew that it would be at this particular point in the
Earth's history that humans would be ready for the next stage of
their relationship with God.
The story told in the Book of Genesis in the Old Testament would
turn out to be remarkably correct and even the Christian
creationists would be right in part.
'In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.'
In this scenario, God did create the Earth and the heavens, and by
regulating its attitude with the
Moon caused it to have liquid water on its surface:
'And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon
the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God
moved upon the face of the waters.'
In its early years the Moon was orbiting close to the Earth,
gradually slowing down both its own spin and producing a spin that
gave regular days and nights:
'And God said, Let there be light: and there was light. And God saw
the light, that it was good: and
God divided the light from the
darkness. And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called
Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day.
And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give
light upon the earth: and it was so. And God made two great
lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to
rule the night: he made the stars
The tilt of the Earth was held steady by the Moon
and the Earth enjoyed regular days, years and
'And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to
divide the day from the night;
and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and
The early Moon was huge and powerful as it orbited close to the
Earth raising colossal tides every time it passed overhead.
Moon had not been created, the seas of the Earth would cover
virtually all of the planet leaving little dry land:
'And God said, Let there be a
firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters
from the waters. And God made the
firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament
from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so.'
Thanks to its close proximity, the Moon's tidal surges travelled far
inland, constantly stirring the
life-nurturing soup of the oceans, ready for the moment life
As more advanced life developed, plant life came first:
'And God said, Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb
yielding seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind,
is in itself, upon the earth: and it was so. And the earth brought
forth grass, and herb yielding
seed after his kind, and the tree yielding fruit, whose seed was in
itself, after his kind: and God saw that it was good.'
The first animal life began in the oceans
before spreading to land and into the air:
'And God said, Let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving
creature that hath life, and
fowl that may fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven.
And God created great whales, and every
living creature that moveth, which the waters brought forth
abundantly, after their kind, and every winged fowl after his kind:
and God saw that it was good.
And God blessed them, saying, Be fruitful, and
multiply, and fill the waters in the
seas, and let fowl multiply in the earth. And God said, Let the
earth bring forth the
living creature after his kind, cattle, and creeping thing, and
beast of the earth after his kind: and it was so.
And God made the
beast of the earth after his kind, and cattle
after their kind, and every thing that creepeth upon the earth after
his kind: and God saw that it
Millions and millions of creatures came and went, slowly changing
into more complex life forms and eventually gaining intelligence and
One branch of mammals climbed into the trees and
later returned to the plains as hominids - our ancient, ape-like
ancestors. There were many species of hominid that learned to use
primitive tools and that survived as hunter- gatherers.
as 25,000 years ago there were still three species of human:
Neanderthals had larger brains than ours and we can be sure that
they laughed and talked and cried - their burial practices even
suggest that they may have had religious belief.
But today, we are
'And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and
let them have
dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and
over the cattle, and over all
the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the
created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him;
male and female created he them.
And God blessed them, and God said
unto them, Be fruitful, and
multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion
the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every
living thing that moveth upon the earth.'
The period during which we have learned to walk upright and have
developed such large brains that our Mothers risk their lives in
giving birth to us, is miniscule in terms of the period the Earth
It has taken us only a couple of million years in
The amount of time we have been bright enough to look with knowing
eyes at our world has been much less than that, merely a few tens
of thousands of years. We learned how to hunt and
to survive from the bounty of nature and eventually we became
farmers, living fixed lives and establishing villages that became
towns and eventually cities.
Maybe six or seven thousand years ago something remarkable may have
happened. Whoever or whatever had manufactured the Moon returned. In
an operation that possibly involved a whole series of 'visits', the
cipher necessary to crack the code of the message, that had been so
carefully encapsulated into the Moon, was given to humanity.
'key' was the Megalithic system of measurement and geometry and
specifically the Megalithic Yard.
The Moon's creator must have been
aware that if the Megalithic Yard was written into the stone circles
and avenues of what is now Britain and France, someone would
eventually recover the information and rebuild the entire system in
all its splendor.
This was clearly not enough. Another series of visitations took
place, not long after the first
but this time to another proto-civilization far from the first,
between the rivers Tigress and Euphrates, in what is today the area
known as Iraq. Here a second system of mathematics and geometry was
seeded, this one less related to the mathematical certainties of the
Earth and its relationship with the Moon but more closely tied to
It was the forerunner of much that was to follow and
when the rise of science cam e along, humanity invented the metric
system , which almost eerily reflected what the Sumerians had been
so carefully taught. The astronomer priests of Sumer were shown that
the whole world, its size, mass and volume, could be derived from
the most humble source possible - a single seed of barley. (See
This plant had clearly been genetically engineered
not only to be of fantastic use to humanity but also to lock into
the dimensions and mass of the Earth in an almost unbelievable way.
Mythology and folklore tells us time and again that 'messengers'
were sent in the remote past to teach humanity the rudiments of
civilization and we now know why. None of this is beyond the
capabilities of God and it is likely that a percentage of readers
will already be convinced that this must be the solution to the
message contained in the Moon.
God could quite easily have created the Moon and done so well within
the laws of physics.
He had ordained. It would have been His deliberate intention that
the life He seeded on the young Earth would eventually give birth to
a thinking, rational species that was, in some way, made in his own
image. His interest in humanity, when it eventually evolved,
remained as he had quite clearly intended. We can see a situation in
which the Deity sent messengers to lay the foundations of an
eventual recognition of the message which would lead to the first
tangible proof of the existence of a Creator.
Nothing is beyond the mind or capability of God. We have endowed
Him with unparalleled power and timelessness. But for countless
generations the reality of God has resided in 'faith'
rather than 'proof. Perhaps those with religion will resent the
suggestion that God has removed the need for faith.
The humorous and thought-provoking writer, the late Douglas
Adams, played with this notion in his book The Hitchhiker's Guide to
Adams created a remarkable creature known as the Babel
Fish, that when placed in anyone's ear could act as an
inter-galactic speech translator. So remarkable was the existence of
this little fish that people said it must stand as irrevocable proof
of the existence of God because nothing so amazing could possibly
come about by chance.
However, it was pointed out that since God
existed by faith alone - and not by proof - the absolute proof of
his existence meant for certain that he could not exist.
'I never thought of that,' said God, and disappeared in a puff of
It is clear that if we accept that God was responsible for creating
the Moon and that he specifically incorporated within it proof of
what he had done, we must begin to look at him in a very different
In a world in which religion has been diminishing in
importance, and particularly in the technological West, an
acceptance of God's direct intervention in our part of the solar
system might see thousands or millions of people flocking back to
Church. The most fervent creationists may abandon their insistence
that the Earth is only a few thousand years old and might accept
that God did indeed work his magic through evolution.
recognition of God's special pact with life, and especially with humanity, might fund a push towards ecumenicism and a coming
the world's fractious religions.
Unfortunately it is equally likely that the reverse would happen
because power-bases, religious or secular, have always shown a
reluctance to diminish in importance. Clearly, if we are looking at
God's true covenant with humanity through his intentional creation
of the Moon, with its attendant and obviously deliberate messages,
no existing belief pattern can be any more important than another
and the whole basis of religious dogma is in doubt.
We could not criticize anyone who wishes to attribute the message to
God. But neither could we argue with anyone who says that God does
not need to leave messages coded into ancient stone circles that He
already knows will eventually be recognized by humanity.
If we are
ultimately left in no doubt as to his existence, the whole procedure
has been somewhat unnecessary. God is capable of showing Himself to
humanity at any time He chooses, with absolutely no ambiguity or the
Everything about the Moon and its addition to the solar system seem
s to speak of a message that 'must' be imparted one day and of a
series of deliberate 'humanlike' interventions that would ensure
this was the case.
Further to this, we might argue that the Moon was almost certainly
added to our part of the solar system as an afterthought. It had to
be, because the very material from which it was made cam e from the
already existent Earth. God could quite easily have made the Earth a
haven for life in its own right. It has to be remembered that it was
the 'shortcomings' of the Earth that necessitated the addition of
the Moon to the planetary system.
Surely the God of the human
imagination is all-powerful and has no shortcomings.
We cannot deny that a world in which humanity was certain of the
existence of God, and in which there was no longer any doubt about
what He represented, 'might' become a more cohesive and peaceful
place and we did not turn away from this possibility lightly.
However, we have tried to approach our research from a genuinely
scientific point of view (we would argue that our approach is more
scientific and less based on enshrined belief than that of many
This being said, we felt ourselves obliged to
look at other possible solutions to the questions raised by the
evidence we had amassed.
Those who wish to attribute the creation of
the Earth-Moon system to God will continue do so, though we felt it
impossible to stop searching. We are cognizant that by His sheer timeless power God can be used as a cure-all to answer any question.
That has been the pattern of humanity across the ages and it is not
one we feel constrained to follow.
In short, there are other possibilities that might prove to be just
as surprising but considerably m ore plausible.
Postscript to this chapter
This chapter was completed during the closing days of 2004.
morning of Sunday December 26th an Earthquake five miles beneath the
ocean floor, west of Sumatra, produced a tsunami with the power of
more than 10,000 atomic bombs. Travelling at speeds of up to 800
kilometers an hour it tore into coastal areas all around the Indian
Ocean causing devastation that was as sudden as it was terrible.
Many tens of thousands of people died within minutes and millions
more were left to grieve for their lost loved ones and to struggle
against hunger, thirst and the threat of consequential disease.
The event was so powerful that the entire Earth moved.
Geologist Kerry Sieh of the California Institute of Technology said,
'It caused the planet to wobble a little bit.'
As the Indian Ocean's
heavy tectonic plate lurched underneath the Indonesian plate there
was a shift of mass towards the planet's centre, causing the globe
to rotate faster and shortening the period of our planet's rotation
by some three microseconds.
A team of researchers at NASA's Jet
Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California also found that the
incident caused the Earth's tilt to be increased by 2.5 cm.
The mobility of the Earth's crust was central to the emergence of
life and now the residual shifting of tectonic plates causes death
and destruction to those too near to the event. If the careful
design of the Earth and its Moon were the work of God, his
life-bringing mechanisms are, in this instance at least, working
against the interests of His chosen species.
The events in the Indian Ocean horrified the world. In Britain the
Canterbury, who leads the Church of England, was deeply troubled.
Rowan Williams, writing eight days later in the Sunday Telegraph
questioned the nature of God's interaction with humans:
question: "How can you believe in a God who permits
suffering on this scale?" is therefore very much around at the
moment, and it would be surprising if it weren't - indeed, it would
be wrong if it weren't.
will get us only so far. God, we are told, is not a puppet-master in
regard either to hum an actions or to the processes of the world. If
we are to exist in an environment where we can live lives of
productive work and consistent understanding - human lives as we
know them - the world has to have a regular order and pattern of its
Effects follow causes in a way that we can chart, and so can
make some attempt at coping with. So there is something odd about
expecting that God will constantly step in if
things are getting dangerous. How dangerous do they have to be? How
m any deaths would be acceptable?
So why do religious believers pray for God's help or healing? They
ask for God's action to come in
to a situation and
change it, yes; but if they are honest, they don't see prayer as a
plea for magical solutions that will make the world totally safe
for them and others.
All this is fair enough, perhaps true as far as it goes.
doesn't go very far in helping us, one week on,
with the intolerable grief and
devastation in front of us. If some religious genius did come up
with an explanation of exactly why all these deaths made sense,
would we feel happier or safer or m ore confident in God?
Wouldn't we feel something of a
chill at the prospect of a God who deliberately plans a program
that involves a certain level of casualties?'
If a single entity that we could reasonably call God did indeed
establish the Earth and its Moon so
that we might evolve, he might be obliged to work within his own
rules of the Universe.
Creating a life-bearing planet required a ploughing of the surface and
this is a process that cannot be switched on and off like a light
switch. Dr Williams presumably has a problem because he believes in
a God who is in on-going contact - a God who can choose to respond
to individual prayers.
But maybe the situation is not like that.
The title we chose for this chapter is 'Childhood's End'. This
seemed to be a fitting summation for the discussion of the
possibility that God had made the world and had, from the outset,
built into it a message that we would understand when we were
sufficiently emotionally and intellectually mature.
We were aware
that Arthur C. Clarke had written a novel with this title more than
half a century earlier with a very different but not unconnected
Sir Arthur is an inspired writer and his ideas expressed in
Space Odyssey, have been
discussed in this book.
When we realized that the Indian Ocean
tsunami had caused a massive loss of life in Sri Lanka, we were
concerned for him, because we were aware that he is wheelchair bound
in his home near the beach in Colombo.
Thankfully Sir Arthur was not
hurt and was able to write an account of what had happened in his
'I have no idea if God had any scenario in mind when this
happened. In a way,
the disaster was a random event, but at the same time nothing in
this world is totally random, there is always cause and effect.'
All of this could very much describe a God who has a working plan
that appears to be less than perfect.
Tectonic plates were necessary
to create us but their current movements are simply a small,
incidental effect of a far greater cause. Are we to believe that in
the mind of God the ultimate end justifies the sometimes very
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