26 November 2000
The important debate on
global warming under UN auspices provides but a partial
picture of climate change; in addition to the
devastating impacts of greenhouse gas emissions on the
ozone layer, the World's climate can now be modified as
part of a new generation of sophisticated "non-lethal
weapons." Both the Americans and the Russians have
developed capabilities to manipulate the World's
In the US, the technology is being perfected under the
High-frequency Active Aural Research Program (HAARP) as
part of the ("Star Wars") Strategic Defence Initiative
(SDI). Recent scientific evidence suggests that HAARP is
fully operational and has the ability of potentially
triggering floods, droughts, hurricanes and earthquakes.
From a military standpoint, HAARP is a weapon of mass
destruction. Potentially, it constitutes an instrument
of conquest capable of selectively destabilizing
agricultural and ecological systems of entire regions.
While there is no evidence that this deadly technology
has been used, surely the United Nations should be
addressing the issue of "environmental warfare"
alongside the debate on the climatic impacts of
Despite a vast body of scientific knowledge, the issue of deliberate
climatic manipulations for military use has never been explicitly
part of the UN agenda on climate change. Neither the official
delegations nor the environmental action groups participating in the
Hague Conference on Climate Change (CO6) (November 2000) have raised
the broad issue of "weather warfare" or "environmental modification
techniques (ENMOD)" as relevant to an understanding of climate
The clash between official negotiators, environmentalists and
American business lobbies has centered on Washington’s outright
refusal to abide by commitments on carbon dioxide reduction targets
under the 1997 Kyoto protocol.1 The impacts of military technologies
on the World’s climate are not an object of discussion or concern.
Narrowly confined to greenhouse gases, the ongoing debate on climate
change serves Washington’s strategic and defense objectives.
World renowned scientist Dr. Rosalie Bertell confirms that,
military scientists are working on weather systems as a potential
weapon. The methods include the enhancing of storms and the
diverting of vapor rivers in the Earth’s atmosphere to produce
targeted droughts or floods."
Already in the 1970s, former National
Security advisor Zbigniew Brzezinski had foreseen in his book
"Between Two Ages" that:
"Technology will make available, to the leaders of major nations,
techniques for conducting secret warfare, of which only a bare
minimum of the security forces need be appraised... [T]echniques of
weather modification could be employed to produce prolonged periods
of drought or storm."
Marc Filterman, a former French military officer, outlines several
types of "unconventional weapons" using radio frequencies. He refers
to "weather war," indicating that the U.S. and the
Soviet Union had
already "mastered the know-how needed to unleash sudden climate
changes (hurricanes, drought) in the early 1980s."
technologies make it "possible to trigger atmospheric disturbances
by using Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) radar [waves]."
A simulation study of future defense "scenarios" commissioned for
the US Air Force calls for:
"US aerospace forces to
’own the weather’ by capitalizing on
emerging technologies and focusing development of those technologies
to war-fighting applications. From enhancing friendly operations or
disrupting those of the enemy via small-scale tailoring of natural
weather patterns to complete dominance of global communications and counter-space control,
weather-modification offers the war fighter a
wide-range of possible options to defeat or coerce an adversary...
In the United States, weather-modification will likely become a part
of national security policy with both domestic and international
applications. Our government will pursue such a policy, depending on
its interests, at various levels."
THE HIGH-FREQUENCY ACTIVE AURAL RESEARCH PROGRAM (HAARP)
The High-Frequency Active Aural Research Program (HAARP) based in
Gokoma Alaska --jointly managed by the US Air Force and the US
Navy-- is part of a new generation of sophisticated weaponry under
the US Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI). Operated by the
Research Laboratory’s Space Vehicles Directorate, HAARP constitutes
a system of powerful antennas capable of creating "controlled local
modifications of the ionosphere".
Scientist Dr. Nicholas Begich
- actively involved in the public campaign against HAARP - describes HAARP as:
radiowave-beaming technology that lifts areas of
the ionosphere [upper layer of the atmosphere] by focusing a
and heating those areas. Electromagnetic waves then bounce back onto
earth and penetrate everything -- living and dead."
Dr. Rosalie Bertell depicts
"a gigantic heater that can
cause major disruption in the ionosphere, creating not just holes,
but long incisions in the protective layer that keeps deadly
radiation from bombarding the planet."
MISLEADING PUBLIC OPINION
HAARP has been presented to public opinion as a program of
scientific and academic research. US military documents seem to
suggest, however, that HAARP’s main objective is to "exploit the
ionosphere for Department of Defense purposes."
referring to the HAARP program, a US Air Force study points to the
use of "induced ionospheric modifications" as a means of altering
weather patterns as well as disrupting enemy communications and
According to Dr. Rosalie Bertell, HAARP is part of an integrated
weapons’ system, which has potentially devastating environmental
"It is related to fifty years of intensive and increasingly
destructive programs to understand and control the upper atmosphere.
It would be rash not to associate HAARP with the space laboratory
construction which is separately being planned by the United States.
HAARP is an integral part of a long history of space research and
development of a deliberate military nature.
implications of combining these projects is alarming. The ability of
the HAARP / Spacelab/ rocket combination to deliver very large
amount of energy, comparable to a nuclear bomb, anywhere on earth
via laser and particle beams, are frightening. The project is likely
to be "sold" to the public as a space shield against incoming
weapons, or, for the more gullible, a device for repairing the ozone
In addition to weather manipulation,
HAARP has a number of related
"HAARP could contribute to climate change by intensively bombarding
the atmosphere with high-frequency rays... Returning low-frequency
waves at high intensity could also affect people’s brains, and
effects on tectonic movements cannot be ruled out."
More generally, HAARP has the ability of
modifying the World’s
electro-magnetic field. It is part of an arsenal of "electronic
weapons" which US military researchers consider a "gentler and
WEAPONS OF THE NEW WORLD ORDER
HAARP is part of the weapons arsenal of the
New World Order under
the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI). From military command points
in the US, entire national economies could potentially be
destabilized through climatic manipulations. More importantly, the
latter can be implemented without the knowledge of the enemy, at
minimal cost and without engaging military personnel and equipment
as in a conventional war.
The use of HAARP -- if it were to be applied-- could have
potentially devastating impacts on the World’s climate. Responding
to US economic and strategic interests, it could be used to
selectively modify climate in different parts of the World resulting
in the destabilization of agricultural and ecological systems.
It is also worth noting that the US Department of Defense has
allocated substantial resources to the development of intelligence
and monitoring systems on weather changes.
NASA and the
of Defense’s National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA) are working
on "imagery for studies of flooding, erosion, land-slide hazards,
earthquakes, ecological zones, weather forecasts, and climate
change" with data relayed from satellites.
POLICY INERTIA OF THE UNITED NATIONS
According to the Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
signed at the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro:
"States have in
accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and the principles
of international law, the responsibility to ensure that activities
within their jurisdiction or control do not cause damage to the
environment of other States or of areas beyond the limits of
It is also worth recalling that an international Convention ratified
by the UN General Assembly in 1997 bans,
"military or other hostile
use of environmental modification techniques having widespread,
long-lasting or severe effects."15
US and the Soviet Union
were signatories to the Convention. The Convention defines,
"’environmental modification techniques’ as referring to any
technique for changing--through the deliberate manipulation of
natural processes--the dynamics, composition or structure of the
earth, including its biota, lithosphere, hydrosphere and atmosphere
or of outer space."
Why then did the UN --disregarding the
1977 ENMOD Convention, as
well as its own charter, decide to exclude from its agenda climatic
changes resulting from military programs?
EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT ACKNOWLEDGES IMPACTS OF HAARP
In February 1998, responding to a report of Mrs. Maj Britt Theorin
- Swedish MEP and longtime peace advocate -, the European
Parliament’s Committee on Foreign Affairs, Security and Defense
Policy held public hearings in Brussels on the HAARP program.17
The Committee’s "Motion for Resolution" submitted to the European
HAARP by virtue of its far-reaching impact on the
environment to be a global concern and calls for its legal,
ecological and ethical implications to be examined by an
international independent body...; [the Committee] regrets the
repeated refusal of the United States Administration... to give
evidence to the public hearing into the environmental and public
risks [of] the HAARP program."
The Committee’s request to draw up a "Green Paper" on "the
environmental impacts of military activities", however, was casually
dismissed on the grounds that the European Commission lacks the
required jurisdiction to delve into "the links between environment
Brussels was anxious to avoid a showdown with
While there is no concrete evidence of HAARP having been used,
scientific findings suggest that it is at present fully operational.
What this means is that HAARP could potentially be applied by the US
military to selectively modify the climate of an "unfriendly nation"
or "rogue state" with a view to destabilizing its national economy.
Agricultural systems in both developed and developing countries are
already in crisis as a result of
New World Order
market deregulation, commodity dumping, etc. Amply documented,
World Bank "economic medicine"
imposed on the Third World and
the countries of the former Soviet block has largely contributed to
the destabilization of domestic agriculture. In turn, the provisions
of the World Trade Organization (WTO) have supported the interests
of a handful of Western agri-biotech conglomerates in their quest to
impose genetically modified (GMO) seeds on farmers throughout the
It is important to understand the linkage between the economic,
strategic and military processes of the New World Order. In the
above context, climatic manipulations under the HAARP program
(whether accidental or deliberate) would inevitably exacerbate these
changes by weakening national economies, destroying infrastructure
and potentially triggering the bankruptcy of farmers over vast
Surely national governments and
the United Nations should
address the possible consequences of HAARP and other "non-lethal
weapons" on climate change.
The latter calls for nations to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by
an average of 5.2 percent to become effective between 2008 and 2012.
See Background of Kyoto Protocol at
The Times, London, 23 November 2000.
Intelligence Newsletter, December 16, 1999.
Air University of the US Air Force, AF 2025 Final Report, http://www.au.af.mil/au/2025/
Nicholas Begich and Jeane Manning, The Military’s Pandora’s Box, Earthpulse Press,
also the HAARP home page at
See Briarpatch, January, 2000. (emphasis added).
Quoted in Begich and Manning, op cit.
Air University, op cit.
Rosalie Bertell, Background of the HAARP Program, 5 November, 1996,
Begich and Manning, op cit.
Don Herskovitz, Killing Them Softly, Journal of Electronic Defense,
August 1993. (emphasis added). According to Herskovitz, "electronic
warfare" is defined by the US Department of Defense as "military
action involving the use of electromagnetic energy..." The Journal
of Electronic Defense at
http://www.edefenseonline.com/ has published a
range of articles on the application of electronic and
electromagnetic military technologies.
Military Space, 6 December, 1999.
UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, New York, 1992. See
complete text at
See Associated Press, 18 May 1977.
Environmental Modification Ban Faithfully Observed, States Parties
Declare, UN Chronicle, July, 1984, Vol. 21, p. 27.
European Report, 7 February 1998.
European Parliament, Committee on Foreign Affairs, Security and
Defense Policy, Brussels, doc. no. A4-0005/99, 14 January 1999.
EU Lacks Jurisdiction to Trace Links Between Environment and
Defense, European Report, 3 February 1999.