TURNING ON A BILLION WATTS
The actual HAARP instrument - the "ionospheric heater", as it is
described by the military was designed as a modular unit so that it
could be increased in size fully utilizing all previously
constructed parts. In other words, they could make it bigger and
bigger without abandoning the parts already installed. The "proof-of concept"
stage of the program could change smoothly to a full weapon system
phase. Moreover, the entire system could be relocated anywhere in
the world in a few months time.
This is an important factor in enlarging or relocating the facility.
The first phase of the HAARP heater construction is completed and
began testing in December, 1994, with testing scheduled through
1995. The second phase of the contract is set up to increase the
power thresholds of the heater several times. Phase one of the
project will yield an effective radiated power of one gigawatt,
according to the records, with the second phase of the project
having an effective-radiated-power of "at least 100dbW", which is
equal to 10 billion watts of power. 163 This concept was illustrated
by Princeton, New Jersey, physicist, Dr. Richard Williams.
commenting on the HAARP project he said,
"My main abjection to HAARP is that they intend to dump
electromagnetic radiation into the upper atmosphere at very high
power levels...The radiated power level will be between '90 dbW and
100 dbW'...They refer at one point to the need to go 'at least' 100
dbW, One way to visualize this power level is that a 10-billion watt
generator, running continuously for one hour, would deliver a
quantity of energy equal to that of a Hiroshima-size atomic bomb.
This is a significant amount of energy, when beamed into a dynamic
portion of the planet's upper atmosphere in order to create
artificially controlled high energy interactions.
In the most elusive document, the future hope of the program
planners was shown to be on the order of 100 gigawatts (100 billion
watts) of effective radiated power. 165 This is futuristic because
power sources are not available at this location to provide the
required input power to gain this output.
The effective-radiated-power, in a focused beam, which HAARP
produces can be modulated in a number of ways, giving the operator
an incredibly versatile weapon. The versatility of the system is
disclosed in both the APTI patents and other government documents.
HAAR PHF Active Auroral Research Program, Joint Program Plans and Activities, Air Force
Geophysics Laboratory, Navy Office of Naval Research, February 1990,
164 Letter to Ryan Ross, Natural Resources News Service from Dr.
Richard Williams, Physicist,
Princeton University. November 7, 1994.
PL/GP Technical MemorandumNo.195; "Presentations from the HAARP Workshop on
Ionospheric Heating Diagnostics, 30 April - 2 May 1991,Phillips
Laboratory (AFSC), Hanscom AFB,
MA. 01731-5000"; Editor, Major Drew Fisher; October 22, 1991.
There has always been some
confusion on the part of many HAARP opponents over the power used in
the HAARP "heater". The government explained this as, "a difference
between 'total radiated power' and 'effective radiated power' (ERP).
That difference is antenna gain, which in HAARP's case is a factor
of nearly 1000 (at 10 MHz)."166 What this means is that to get to
one gigawatt of output requires one megawatt of input power which
can be delivered by the on-site generators. Another way to state
this would be: one megawatt of input power is equal to one million
watts, multiplied by one thousand (antenna gain).
This will yield
one billion watts of effective radiated power - one gigawatt.
1 megawatt x 1000 = 1 gigawatt = 1 billion watts ERP
166 Letter From John Heckscher, HAARP Program Manager, Department of the AirForce, Phillips
Laboratory, to Dr. Arther Grey, Secretary, Spectrum planning
Telecommunications Information Administration, United States Department of Commerce, November