Chapter Sixteen

The actual HAARP instrument - the "ionospheric heater", as it is described by the military was designed as a modular unit so that it could be increased in size fully utilizing all previously constructed parts. In other words, they could make it bigger and bigger without abandoning the parts already installed. The "proof-of concept" stage of the program could change smoothly to a full weapon system phase. Moreover, the entire system could be relocated anywhere in the world in a few months time.

This is an important factor in enlarging or relocating the facility. The first phase of the HAARP heater construction is completed and began testing in December, 1994, with testing scheduled through 1995. The second phase of the contract is set up to increase the power thresholds of the heater several times. Phase one of the project will yield an effective radiated power of one gigawatt, according to the records, with the second phase of the project having an effective-radiated-power of "at least 100dbW", which is equal to 10 billion watts of power. 163 This concept was illustrated by Princeton, New Jersey, physicist, Dr. Richard Williams.


While commenting on the HAARP project he said,

"My main abjection to HAARP is that they intend to dump electromagnetic radiation into the upper atmosphere at very high power levels...The radiated power level will be between '90 dbW and 100 dbW'...They refer at one point to the need to go 'at least' 100 dbW, One way to visualize this power level is that a 10-billion watt generator, running continuously for one hour, would deliver a quantity of energy equal to that of a Hiroshima-size atomic bomb. "164

This is a significant amount of energy, when beamed into a dynamic portion of the planet's upper atmosphere in order to create artificially controlled high energy interactions.

In the most elusive document, the future hope of the program planners was shown to be on the order of 100 gigawatts (100 billion watts) of effective radiated power. 165 This is futuristic because power sources are not available at this location to provide the required input power to gain this output.

The effective-radiated-power, in a focused beam, which HAARP produces can be modulated in a number of ways, giving the operator an incredibly versatile weapon. The versatility of the system is disclosed in both the APTI patents and other government documents.

163 HAAR PHF Active Auroral Research Program, Joint Program Plans and Activities, Air Force Geophysics Laboratory, Navy Office of Naval Research, February 1990,

164 Letter to Ryan Ross, Natural Resources News Service from Dr. Richard Williams, Physicist, Princeton University. November 7, 1994.

165 PL/GP Technical MemorandumNo.195; "Presentations from the HAARP Workshop on Ionospheric Heating Diagnostics, 30 April - 2 May 1991,Phillips Laboratory (AFSC), Hanscom AFB, MA. 01731-5000"; Editor, Major Drew Fisher; October 22, 1991.

There has always been some confusion on the part of many HAARP opponents over the power used in the HAARP "heater". The government explained this as, "a difference between 'total radiated power' and 'effective radiated power' (ERP). That difference is antenna gain, which in HAARP's case is a factor of nearly 1000 (at 10 MHz)."166 What this means is that to get to one gigawatt of output requires one megawatt of input power which can be delivered by the on-site generators. Another way to state this would be: one megawatt of input power is equal to one million watts, multiplied by one thousand (antenna gain).


This will yield one billion watts of effective radiated power - one gigawatt.

1 megawatt x 1000 = 1 gigawatt = 1 billion watts ERP

166 Letter From John Heckscher, HAARP Program Manager, Department of the AirForce, Phillips Laboratory, to Dr. Arther Grey, Secretary, Spectrum planning Subcommittee, National Telecommunications Information Administration, United States Department of Commerce, November 17,1994.


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