This illustration shows the ionosphere's relationship to the Earth. The illustration appeared in the HAARP Environmental Impact Statement on page 10-125 of Volume II.




  • 1886-8: Nikola Tesla invents system of Alternating Current (AC) power source and transmission system. As 60-pulse-per-second (Hertz) AC power grids spread over the land, Mom Earth will eventually dance to a different beat than her usual 7-8 Hertz frequency.

  • 1900: Tesla applies for patent on a device to "Transmit Electrical Energy Through the Natural Mediums".

  • 1905: U.S. Patent #787,412 issued for above.

  • 1924: Confirmation that radio waves bounce off ionospherel (electrically charged layer starting at altitude of 50 kilometers).

  • 1938: Scientist proposes to light up night sky by electron gyrotron heating from a powerful transmitter.

  • 1940: Tesla announces "death ray" invention.

  • 1945: Atomic bomb tests begin - 40,000 electromagnetic pulses to follow.

  • 1952: W.O. Schumann identifies 7.83 Hertz resonant frequency of the earth.

  • 1958: Van Allen radiation belts discovered (zones of charged particles trapped in earth's magnetic field) 2,000+ miles up. Violently disrupted in the same year.

  • 1958: Project Argus, U.S. Navy explodes three nuclear bombs in Van Allen belt.

  • 1958: White House advisor on weather modification says Defense Department studying ways to manipulate charges "of earth and sky, and so affect the weather".

  • 1960: Series of weather disasters begin.2

  • 1961?: Copper needles dumped into ionosphere as "telecommunications shield".3

    1 Victor A. Schmidt, Planet Earth and the New Geoscience. Kendall/Hunt, Iowa, 1986, pg. 428

    2 Editor's page, "Weather Modification",Saturday Review 2/5/1977.

    3 Keesings Historisch Archief, courtesy of Nigel Harle, Netherlands,

  • 1961: Scientists propose artificial ion cloud experiments. In 1960's the dumping of chemicals (barium powder etc.) from satellites/rockets began. 4

  • 1961-62: U.S.S.R. and U.S.A. create many electromagnetic pulses (EMPs) in the atmosphere; 300 megatons of nuclear devices deplete ozone layer by about 4%.5

  • 1962: Launch of Canadian satellites & start of stimulating plasma resonances by antennas within the space plasma.6

  • 1966: Gordon J. F. MacDonald publishes military ideas on environmental engineering.7

  • 1960's: In Wisconsin, US Navy Project Sanguine lays extremely low frequency (ELF) antennae.

  • 1968: Moscow scientists tell the West that they have pinpointed which pulsed magnetic field frequencies help mental and physiological functions and which frequencies do harm. 8

  • 1972: First reports on "ionospheric heater" experiments with high frequency radio waves, at Arecibo.9 A 100 megawatt heater in Norway built later in decade can change conductivity of auroral ionosphere. 10

  • 1973: Documentation that launch of Skylab "halved the total electron content of the ionosphere for three hours" (by rocket exhaust gases). 11,12

  • 1973: Recommendations for study of Project Sanguine's biological effects denied by Navy. 13

  • 1974: United Nations General Assembly bans environmental warfare.

    4 Manfred Scholer, "On the Motion of Artificial Ion Clouds in the Magnetosphere", Planet Space Sci. 1970, Vol. 18 pp 977 to 1004. Printed in Northern Ireland.

    5 National Academy of Sciences, "Long-Term Effects of Multiple Nuclear-Weapon Detonation", 1975 pges. 6-7.

    6 Michael J. Rycroft, "Active Experiments in Space Plasmas" Nature vol. 287 4 Sept. 1980, pg, 7.

    7 Lowell Ponte, The Cooling. Prentice-Hall, NJ, 1976, pg. 166-7
    8 Sheila Ostrander and Lynn Schroeder Super Memory: The Revolution. Carroll & Graf, NY, pg. 303.

    9 W.E. Gordon and H.C, Carlson/'Arecibo Heating Experiments", Radio Science,Vol. 9, No.11, pges 1041-7, Nov. 1974.
    10 Michael J. Rycroft, "Active Experiments in Space Plasmas", Nature Vol. 287, Sept. 1980, pg. 7.

    11 Michael J. Rycroft, "Ionospheric Hole Caused by Rocket Engine", Nature Vol. 297, June 1982, pg. 537.

    12 Michael Mendillo, Gerald S. Hawkins, John A. Klobuchar, "A Sudden Vanishing of the Ionospheric F Region Due to the Launch of Skylab", Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 80 No. 16, June 1, 1975, pg. 2217.

    13 Robert O. Becker, Cross Currents. Jeremy Tarcher LA 1990, pg. 201-3.

  • 1974: High frequency experiments at Plattesville, Colorado; Arecibo, Puerto Rico; and, Armidale, New South Wales heat "bottom side of ionosphere". 14

  • 1974: Experiments - airglow brightened by hitting oxygen atoms in ionosphere with accelerated electrons.

  • 1975: Stanford professor Robert Helliwell reports that very low frequency (VLF) from power lines is altering the ionosphere. 15

  • 1975: U.S. Senator Gaylord Nelson forces Navy to release research showing that extremely low frequency (ELF) transmissions can alter human blood chemistry. 16

  • 1975: Pell Senate Subcommittee urges that weather and climate modification work be overseen by civilian agency answerable to U.S. Congress. Didn't happen.

  • 1975: Soviets begin pulsing "Woodpecker" extremely low frequency (ELF) waves, at key brainwave rhythms. 17 Eugene, Oregon, one of locations where people were particularly affected.

  • 1976: Drs. Susan Bawin & W. Ross Adey show nerve cells affected by ELF fields. 18

  • 1979: Launch of NASA's third High-Energy Astrophysical Observatory causes large scale, artificially induced depletion in the ionosphere. Plasma hole caused by "rapid chemical processes" between rocket exhaust and ozone layer." 19


    "Ionosphere was significantly depleted over a horizontal distance of 300 km for some hours."

  • 1985: Bernard J. Eastlund applies for patent "Method and Apparatus for Altering a Region in the Earth's Atmosphere, Ionosphere and/or Magnetosphere," (First of three Eastlund patents assigned to ARCO Power Technologies Inc.)

    14 G. Meltz, F.W. Perkins, "Ionospheric Modification Theory: Past, Present and Future", Radio Science, Vol. 9, No. 11, Nov. 1974.

    15 Lowell Ponte, The Cooling. Prentice-Hall, NJ.1976, pg. 169.
    16 Ibid., pg, 168.

    17 Sheila Ostrander and Lynn Schroeder, Super-Memorv: The Revolution. Carol & Graf Publishers, NY 1991, pg. 299.

    18 Dr, Robert O. Becker, Cross-Currents: The Perils of Elecropollution The Promise of Electromedicine Jeremy Tarcher, LA 1990, pg. 233

    19 Michael Mendillo, Donald Rote, Paul A. Bernhardt, "Preliminary Report of the HEAO Hole in the Ionosphere", American Geophysical Union, EOS, Vol, 61, No. 28, July 8, 1980, pg. 529.

  • 1986: U.S. Navy Project Henhouse duplicates Delgado (Madrid) experiment very low level, very low frequency pulsed magnetic fields harm chick embryos.

  • 1980's: In the later part of the decade the U.S. begins network of Ground Wave Emergency Network (GWEN) towers, each to generate Very Low Frequency (VLF) waves for defense purposes .

  • 1987-92: Other Arco Power Technologies Incorporated (APTI) scientists build on Eastlund patents for development of new weapon capabilities.

  • 1994: Military contractor E-Systems buys APTI, holder of Eastlund patents and contract to build biggest ionospheric heater in world High-frequency Active Auroral Research Project (HAARP).

  • 1994: Congress freezes funding on HAARP until planners increase emphasis on earth penetrating tomography uses, for nuclear counterproliferation efforts.

  • 1995: Raytheon buys E-Systems and old APTI patents. The technology is now hidden among thousands of patents within one of the largest defense contractor portfolios.

  • 1995: Congress budgets $10 million for 1996 under "nuclear counterproliferation" efforts for HAARP project.

  • 1995: HAARP planners to test patent number 5,041,834 in September.

  • 1994-6: Testing of first stage HAARP equipment continues, although funding was frozen.

  • 1996: HAARP planners to test the earth penetrating tomography applications by modulating the electroject at ELF frequencies.

  • 1998: The European Parliament's Subcommittee on Security and Disarmament holds a hearing on HAARP on February 5, 1998. Coauthor Begich presents on HAARP and new weapon technologies.

  • 2001-17: Projected period for HAARP operations. Fully operating HAARP developmental proto-type system by early part of the period.

    20 Dr. Robert O. Becker. Cross-Currents: The Perils of Elecropollution, The Promise of Electromedicine, Jeremy Tarcher, LA ,1990

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Updates - September 2001

In February 1998, while testifying before the European Parliament, I indicated that the United States would violate the Anti-Ballistics Missile (ABM) Treaty with the former Soviet Union. I asserted that the United States would take the position that because the Soviet Union had dissolved, the agreement was no longer valid.


On this point, the Members of the Committee could not agree with us because most believed that the United States would honor the agreement, recognizing the Treaty as a stabilizing document for the entire world. In less than ten months from our pronouncement, the United States announced their new initiative for a missile defense system outside of the Treaty. United States Senator Ted Stevens made the arguments just as predicted.

The original ABM Treaty allowed only one defense system in each country the United States and the Soviet Union. It had been our contention that HAARP represented research which would lead to me eventual deployment of a new missile defense system based in Alaska. We also made clear that me United States was moving forward with new technologies while giving the world, and our allies, the impression mat there was a real effort underway toward reductions in arms.


The reality, time would demonstrate, was a new race toward the new technology.

What Ever Happened to Star Wars?

Remember Star Wars, the concept which would move the theater of war to space? In 1995, the funding for Star Wars was widely reported as a dead issue when full funding was defeated by the United States Congress.


However, Star Wars did not end as many unpopular programs do - they just get new names.

"This year the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization (once called the Strategic Defense Initiative) got $3.7 billion. That's up from $2.8 billion in 1995, and is very near the peak level spent during the Cold War."21

The problem was that the United States was not fully covered under its single ABM system, leaving Alaska and Hawaii unprotected. Alaska produces about 22% of U.S. oil requirements, holds all 33 strategic minerals in commercial quantities and represents tremendous natural resource wealth. Hawaii is a strategic point for the entire Pacific presence of the United States military.


These two areas, in the estimation of military planners, had to be protected. The need for a system to protect Alaska and Hawaii is acknowledged and we agree that these regions should be protected. We believe that this could be accomplished in a more open and honest way, particularly when it affects our allies and the American public.

What is interesting is that the billions spent on Star Wars systems, which these became known as, were only for "research," according to the military's mission statements. The technology is being advanced in the hope that a system might be developed early in the next century. The external threats are now being characterized as "rogue states and terrorist organizations" which might gain nuclear weapon delivery technologies. While the threats are not imagined and need to be addressed, it is not responsible to create word games which end public debate and allow systems thought to be discontinued the latitude to proceed.

21. Fox, Adrienne. "Star wars: Force Not With Us, US Remains Defenseless Against Missile Attack." Investor's Business Daily, Aug. 25, 1997. EPI150

In another "offshoot of the Reagan administration's Strategic Defense Initiative" satellite-disabling lasers have been developed. A test, at less than full power, was performed at the end of 1997 to demonstrate the ability of the system to hit its target. The demonstration "was a success and now many are concerned that this may provoke an arms race in space."22

What has become clear is that what the United States says to its citizens, friends and adversaries tends to be variations of the same misinformation and manipulations of the facts.



This is where our story began. HAARP - The High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program is a joint project of the United States Air Force and Navy, based in Alaska. The project is a research program designed to study the ionosphere in order to develop new weapons technology.

The HAARP system is designed to manipulate the ionosphere, a layer which begins about thirty miles above the earth. The transmitter or HAARP device on the ground is a phased array antenna system - a large field of antennas designed to work together in focusing radio-frequency energy for manipulating the ionosphere. The radio frequency energy can be pulsed, shaped, and altered in ways never possible with other transmitters or at the power levels of this new facility.

The device will have an effective-radiated-power of 1 billion watts when completed in the first phase of the project. It will be used for "earth penetrating tomography" (looking through layers of the earth to locate underground facilities or minerals), communications with submarines, to manipulate communication of others, over-the-horizon radar, energy transfers from one part of the world to another, creating artificial plasma (energy) layers or patches in the ionosphere, to alter weather and may be used as an anti-satellite weapon.


The story of HAARP and its related technology is a part of the puzzle of a "Revolution in Military Affairs" being pursued by the United States government, but it is only a small part.

"Millions of dollars have gone to Alaska universities to harness the power of the aurora borealis, the electrical energy shimmering in the northern skies... The earmarks also financed, among other things, 'a supercomputer north of the Arctic Circle' without naming the University of Alaska. Fairbanks as the beneficiary."23

Early on in the HAARP project there was confusion about "harnessing the energy of the aurora" (the northern lights) for use by the military.


The real use appears to be for over-the-horizon effects, communications and ABM defense-related research. The University of Alaska again is the recipient of a supercomputer for "academic" research. The reality once again is that the University is being used to conduct military experiments for advanced weapon systems without full public disclosure or debate.

The above updated material is quoted from the book Earth Rising - The Revolution: Toward a Thousand Years of Peace by Dr. Nick Begich and James Roderick

22. Richter, Paul, "Army laser zaps satellite." Anchorage Daily News, Oct. 21, 1997. EPI426
23. Weiner, Tim. "Universities tap Congress' deep pockets." Anchorage Daily News, Aug. 24, 1999.


Immediate Release

Dr. Nick Begich founder of Earthpulse Press and co-author of Angel's Don't Play This HAARP and Earth Rising the Revolution, delivered a lecture on Arctic issues and HAARP in Brussels in the European Parliament on May 5-7, 1997 at the 12th General Assembly Globe International. In attendance were several members of the Russian Duma including Vitaliy Sevastyanov one of the delegates listed below.


Dr. Begich's book, an expose' published in September 1996, launched the international investigation into the issues surrounding HAARP.

US HAARP Weapon Development Concerns Russian Duma

Interfax News Agency - August 9, 2002

"MOSCOW (Interfax) - The Russian State Duma has expressed concern about the USA's programme to develop a qualitatively new type of weapon.

"Under the High Frequency Active Auroral Research Programme (HAARP) [website address: http://server5550.itd.nrl.navy.mil/projects/haarp/], the USA is creating new integral geophysical weapons that may influence the near-Earth medium with high-frequency radio waves," the State Duma said in an appeal circulated on Thursday [8 August].

"The significance of this qualitative leap could be compared to the transition from cold steel to firearms, or from conventional weapons to nuclear weapons. This new type of weapons differs from previous types in that the near-Earth medium becomes at once an object of direct influence and its component.

These conclusions were made by the commission of the State Duma's international affairs and defense committees, the statement reads: The committees reported that the USA is planning to test three facilities of this kind. One of them is located on the military testing ground in Alaska and its full-scale tests are to begin in early 2003.


The second one is in Greenland and the third one in Norway.

"When these facilities are launched into space from Norway, Alaska and Greenland, a closed contour will be created with a truly fantastic integral potential for influencing the near-Earth medium," the State Duma said.


The USA plans to carry out large-scale scientific experiments tinder the HAARP programme, and not controlled by the global community, will create weapons capable of breaking radio communication lines and equipment installed on spaceships and rockets, provoke serious accidents in electricity networks and in oil and gas pipelines and have a negative impact on the mental health of people populating entire regions, the deputies said.

They demanded that an international ban be put on such large-scale geophysical experiments.

The appeal, signed by 90 deputies, has been sent to President Vladimir Putin, to the UN and other international organizations, to the parliaments and leaders of the UN member countries, to the scientific public and to mass media outlets.

Among those who signed the appeal are Tatyana Astrakhankina, Nikolay Kharitonov, Yegor Ligachev, Sergey Reshulskiy, Vitaliy Sevastyanov, Viktor Cherepkov, Valentin Zorkaltsev and Aleksey Mitrofanov."

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Raising the Roof of the World

A four-year old child in his sandbox looks up at a blue sky with his eyes full of trust. His mother places a straw hat on his head, dabs sun blocking cream on his freckled nose, and expects that, because she shielded him from the sun's ultraviolet rays, he is safe from harmful radiations. But is he? Both his body and his planet are being penetrated by an unprecedented mix of man-caused radiations, and now the U.S. military plans to stir up the mix even further. They could go too far this time.

This book is about people who search for the truth about the Pentagon's project that is quietly being built at a remote outpost in Alaska. The $30 million project euphemistically named HAARP (High frequency Active Auroral Research Program) is made to beam more than 1.7 gigawatts (billion watts) of radiated power into the ionosphere - the electrically-charged layer above Earth's atmosphere.

Put simply, the apparatus is a reversal of a radio telescope - just transmitting instead of receiving. It will "boil the upper atmosphere".24 After disturbing the ionosphere, the radiations will bounce back onto the earth in the form of long waves which penetrate our bodies, the ground and the oceans.

Could the invasion of radiations damage plants and animal life on the ground? One technician/researcher told National Public Radio affiliate KCHU,

"I can hardly find an expert who knows anything about this, because they're all working for the government. Or working for a university which by proxy is for the government, because they're funded either through (defense subcontracts) contracts or through grants from the Department of Defense."

"Working for the government" can certainly be an honorable position. But in the case of science, it gets in the way of objectivity and courage to explore. Throughout this century, scientists are increasingly hesitant to investigate freely outside their specialty.


They are all too aware that the military/industrial/academic complex decides who gets the lucrative grant, consultancy or academic position. However, there are independent experts such as those who looked into HAARP. They speak out in the pages of this book.

These researchers learned that HAARP represents a technology which could lead to a new class of weapons that could change our world profoundly - an all-purpose military tool. If misused, the tool could mess up the weather. It could be used against humanity in a way that would change what people think, believe and feel. It could be used for good or evil, just as a harp can produce the music of Mozart or the melody of a death march.

24 Electronics technician Eric Nashlund describing HAARP for National Public Radio, KCHU Apr. 27, 1994.

Many technological "notes" could be played by HAARP-type military experiments.


They can:

  • manipulate global weather

  • hurt ecosystems

  • knock out electronic communications

  • change our moods and mental states.

That last item will surprise researchers who have been looking only at the possible environmental effects of HAARP-type technologies. However, the authors believe that no sane person wants to be manipulated into artificially-induced moods or actions, and that these possibilities are real. As you will see in the research cited in this book, U.S. decision-makers for the first time are proposing to mix military and civilian police resources, under the banner of "non-lethal" weaponry for crowd control and other purposes.

This book looks at what can be done with modulated radio frequencies - the stuff of the HAARP experiments - and what environmental effects the experiments could trigger.

The intent of this book is to call for a moratorium on use of the super powerful ionospheric heaters until independent scientists and other nonmilitary decision-makers can have an educated look at what the experimenters could do. To put it simply, no one is supervising the big boys who have the big toys and the fat black wallets.

Despite the end of the Cold War, their allowances are still enviable. Even with some cutbacks to their spending, the military gets more than other sectors, For example, the Clinton administration as of May 1995 planned to spend at least $15 billion on "theater defense missile" systems in the next seven years.25 We contend that it's time for the public to take a closer look at how such money is used. It is being used to raise the roof of the world.

The authors' purpose is not to scare you, but instead to inform you on under-reported crucial issues, and to provide sources for more information. HAARP has been misrepresented by both the military/contractors and by its opponents. It's time to open up the debate to bring in an informed public.


In these pages you will meet some of the people, from the Alaskan bush to a Princeton science laboratory, who courageously dug into the topic and, in the process, mobilized many other people.

25 Pilita Clark, "Australia, 05 Missile Deal for Star Wars II", Sydney Morning Herald, May 19, 1995.


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