James Lovelock is still
today one of the main authors in the environmental field. He is the
author of "The Gaia Theory", and "The Ages of Gaia", which
consider the planet Earth as a self-regulated living being, as well
as, more recently his "Homage to GAIA", an autobiography published
in September 2000.
supports the Association of Environmentalists For Nuclear Energy (EFN).
He studied chemistry at Manchester University before taking up a Medical Research Council post at the Institute for Medical Research in London. In 1948 he received a Ph.D. in medicine at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.
Within the United States he has taught at Yale, Baylor University
College of Medicine, and Harvard University.
currently president of the Marine Biological Association, was
elected a FRS in 1974, and in 1990 was awarded the first Amsterdam
Prize for the Environment by the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts
And so the hypothesis took its initial form. And as the story goes, while on a walk in the countryside about his home in Wilshire, England, Lovelock described his hypothesis to his neighbor William Golding (the novelist - eg: Lord of the Flies), and asked advise concerning a suitable name for it.
The resultant term "Gaia" - after the Greek goddess who drew the living world forth from Chaos - was chosen.
However, there was a big difference between postulating such a grand schemed hypothesis and having it accepted by the traditional scientific community, and there remained much research work to be done in order to be able to more clearly specify the entirety of the processes by which the modern planetary atmosphere had been evolved and was continuing to be evolved.
And in this task, in the early years of his further research concerning the Gaia Hypothesis, Lovelock was supported by the collaboration of Dr Lynn Margulis, a leading and forward thinking American microbiologist.
Lovelock was among the first researchers to sound the alarm about the threat from the greenhouse effect. His opinion is that