1941: IRAQ AND THE ILLUMINATI
The growing guerrilla war in Iraq has shown Saddam Hussein's Baath Party to
be far more resilient than anyone realized. To understand their resilience
and grass-roots strength, one must look at the party's mystical origins.
Columnist Maureen Dowd says the Arabic word Baath stands for resurrection.
But Baath is not a word that translates well into English. A better synonym
would be the Italian word Risorgimento.
Actually, the party had its origin in the little town of Asadabad in western
Iran. Here, in 1839, was born Sayyid Jamal ad-Din, a Muslim mystic sometimes
known as al-Afghani (Arabic for the Afghan--J.T.) and "the Sage of the
Jamal ad-Din was raised as a Shiite Muslim and, in 1845, his family enrolled
him in a madrassa (Islamic school) in the holy city of Najaf in what is now
Iraq. Here Jamal was initiated into "the mysteries" by "followers of
Ahmad Asai (1753-1826). He also may have had some family connections with
the Babis, followers of Siyyid Ali Mohammed al-Bab," an imam keenly
interested in politics.
"After years studying Shia theology at the holy city of
Najaf, Iraq, he
spent several years in India, the Caucasus and Central Asia before surfacing
in Afghanistan as the senior advisor to the pro-Russian ruler."
(Editor's Comment: Strange that a supposedly devout Muslim would head for
India instead of making the traditional haj or pilgrimage to Mecca. It
appears that Jamal ad-Din was one of the few Illuminati to actually set foot
in the "hidden city" of Shambhala.)
Jamal ad-Din's travels and movements in occult circles brought him into
repeated contact with Elena Petrovna von Hahn Blavatsky during the 1850s and
1860s. He and Madame Blavatsky met for the last time in Paris in 1884.
Through these occult circles, Jamal became friendly with the directors of
the Illuminati regional headquarters at Djoum (pronounced Joom) in southern
Lebanon, Sheik Medjuel el-Mezrab and Lydia Pashkov. Between 1870 and 1875,
the Illuminati apparently began a project to replicate the
in all the countries of the Middle East. Jamal began "sowing the dragon's
teeth" first in Istanbul and then in Cairo, where he became an advisor to
the Grand Mufti.
(Editor's Comment: And what does this have to do with the USA today? Well, a
nephew of a latter-day Grand Mufti of Cairo is none other than
al-Zawahiri, the second in command of Al-Qaida.)
In Istanbul, Jamal and Omar Pasha organized a Masonic lodge,
Square (from the compass-and-square symbol of Freemasonry--J.T.) which made
deep inroads into the officer corps of the Ottoman Turkish army. But if
Golden Square was popular in Turkey, it caught on like wildfire in Iraq,
particularly in "the Sunni triangle," the region around Tikrit.
During World War I, the Allies invaded Iraq, won a battle at Ctesiphon but
got bogged down at Kut al-Amarna, where their army was surrounded by the
Turks and the Arabs. After their surrender, over 100,000 Allied soldiers
went to a P.O.W. camp in western Turkey, and the Golden Square was riding
high in Baghdad.
Their success proved short-lived, however. The Ottoman Empire collapsed in
October 1918, and the new League of Nations gave Iraq to UK as a "mandate."
Feeling that they had been cheated of their independence, tribes like the
al-Bufahadi and the al-Bunasiri revolted and began a guerrilla war that
lasted until 1925.
During the 1920s, a new Golden Square grandmaster arrived in Baghdad. His
name was Satia al-Husri and he began organizing new lodges. A former captain
in the Ottoman Turkish army, Rashid Ali al-Qaylani, already a Golden Square
member, abandoned his law practice to lead "the national revolution."
On October 3, 1932, the new kingdom of Iraq attained its independence and
joined the League of Nations. King Faisal had barely seated himself on the
throne when the Golden Square struck.
General Bakr Sidqi, like Rashid Ali, was a former Ottoman Turkish officer
and longtime Golden Square member. In August 1933, he launched a pogrom
against the Assyrian Christians, massacring thousands, over the protests of
On September 3, 1933, Faisal died and was succeeded by his son Ghazi, who,
unknown to the old man, was a "member of the secret brotherhood," the
Square. Ghazi ruled uneasily for three years, and then, on October 29, 1936,
Bakr Sidqi decided to stop being polite and "overthrew the government in the
Arab world's first military coup."
But Bakr Sidqi was too friendly with the Ahali Socialist Party, so on August
11, 1937, he was assassinated by his "lodge brothers" of the
Golden Square. "Six more (military) coups followed in quick succession," paving the way for
the rise of Rashid Ali in 1940.
During October 1932, the Golden Square received help from an unexpected
source--the German mystics of the Thule Society. The new German ambassador
to Baghdad, Fritz Grobe, was a long-time Thule member.
(Editor's Note: A relative, Arthur Grobe-Wutischsky, was a frequent
contributor to Germany's occult magazine, Ostara, and in 1915 wrote the book
Der Weltkrieg 1914 in der Prophetie (Translated: The 1914 World War in
Prophecy), possibly the first use of the term "world war.")
A year later, in October 1933, Grobe purchased an Iraqi daily newspaper,
al-Alim al-Arabi. At first the paper had a bad case of the blahs in terms of
circulation. Then it began running Arab translations of Adolf Hitler's book
Mein Kampf (German for My Struggle) and the numbers picked up a little. But
when the staff began running The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion,
the circulation numbers jumped into the millions. Everybody in Iraq was
reading al-Alim al-Arabi, including unlettered shepherds like Hussein
al-Majid, the future stepfather of Saddam Hussein.
This led to Iraq's "newspaper war" of the 1930s, with al-Alim al-Arabi and
the Jewish-owned daily, al-Hassad, constantly sniping at each other.
Meanwhile, the Golden Square was building its "national revolution" by
creating ideological organizations like the Arab Cultural Society and Mutana
Bin Hartha Society.
(Editor's Note: Bin Hartha was the commander of the first Muslim army in
One of Rashid Ali's most ardent disciples was an Iraqi officer named
Khayrallah al-Tulfah. His articles and his book, Al-Madaris, al-Yahudiyya wa
al-Iraniyya fi al-Iraq (To give the Arabic a free translation: Against Iran
and the Jews--J.T.), became the "voice of the national revolution."
But the Golden Square's top organizer was Yunis es- Sabawi, who founded a
mass movement for young Iraqis, Al- Futuwwa, which he modeled after
Germany's Hitlerjugend (Hitler Youth). By 1939, Al-Futuwwa had grown to
63,000 members, complete with uniforms, battalions, daily lectures and
military training, all fanatically loyal to Rashid Ali.
On April 1, 1941, the Golden Square struck. Four colonels staged a coup in
Baghdad and proclaimed Rashid Ali the new prime minister. He organized a
"government of national defense" and opened negotiations for a military
alliance with Hitler's Third Reich.
Partly because of the riots in Palestine, there had already been anti-Jewish
violence in Iraq. In September 1936, three Jews were murdered on a Baghdad
street. In October 1937, an Iraqi nationalist firebombed a Baghdad synagogue
on Yom Kippur. But Rashid Ali's ascension led to new unrest. "Anti-Jewish
demonstrations took place in Baghdad, Mosul, Kirkuk, Irbil and Amara, often
ending in violence."
Unwilling to lose Iraq--and its oil--Winston S. Churchill ordered the
British Army to oust Rashid Ali. British troops landed and took Basra on May
16, 1941. In marked contrast to the invasion of 1915, the British moved
swiftly up the Tigris and took Baghdad on May 30, 1941. Rashid Ali and his
aides fled to Iran.
Staying behind were Khayrallah al-Tulfah, who was promptly arrested, and
Yunis es-Sabawi, who had not been idle during Rashid Ali's brief reign.
Sabawi had selected the best fighters in Al-Futuwwa and organized them into
a new guerrilla army, al-Ketaib a-Shabab (Arabic for Youth Battalions--J.T.)
for attacks on "enemies of Iraq."
On June 1, 1941, the Jewish festival of Shavuot, "a group of Jews in festive
attire" approached the Al-Har Bridge "to welcome Abdul Illah, the
pro-British regent, on his way to the capital." They were attacked by a mob
of Iraqi soldiers and civilians.
"Leading the mobs were the Ketaib a-Shabab
cadres, which had been trained by es- Sabawi."
The result was Al-Farhud, anti-Jewish riots that broke out all over Baghdad.
"In all, 179 persons were killed in the riots, and 2,118 were injured. The
number of people whose property was looted was put at 48,584. Unspeakable
brutalities were committed in the pogrom: rape, murder and the crushing of
body organs of babes in arms, women and men, young and old. Synagogues were
profaned and Torah scrolls defiled."
The Allied occupation authorities cracked down hard. Ketaib a-Shabab members
were arrested and exiled to Iran. The Golden Square went underground once
But not for long. Sporadic attacks on Jews continued throughout World War
II. On December 17, 1942, al-Ketaib a-Shabab activists slit the throats of
eight Jews in Sandur, in northern Iraq.
On July 24, 1943, ten Iraqis met at a hotel in Damascus, the capital of
Syria, to found a new order, Al- Baath (The Risorgimento--J.T.) Nearly four
years later, in April 1947, the first meeting of the Baath Party was held at Fallujah in Iraq.
The Golden Square had risen again.
(See the books Republic of Fear by Samir
al-Khalil, Pantheon Books, New York, N.Y., 1989, pages xi and xii; Out of
the Ashes by Andrew Cockburn and Patrick Cockburn, Harper-Collins
Publishers, New York, N.Y., 1999, pages 68 and 69; Saddam Hussein and the
Crisis in the Gulf by Judith Miller and Leslie Mylroie, Random House, New
York, N.Y., 1990, pages 24 through 29; The Occult Roots of Nazism by
Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke, New York University Press, 1985, page 243;
Masters Revealed by K. Paul Johnson, State University of New York Press,
1994, pages 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53 and 57; and The Encyclopedia of the
Holocaust, Volume 1, Macmillan Publishing Co., New York, N.Y., 1990, pages
716 to 718.)
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