IV,1 : Teti
/// ibd 6, hrw 21
/// 6 months and 21 days
IV,2 : (lost)
This lost line may well have contained the name of Userkare, an otherwise unattested king.
IV,3 : Pepi I
/// rnp.t 20
/// 20 years
Note: Manetho credits Pepi I with a much longer rule of 53 years. The highest known date from Pepi's reign is the 25th counting. Assuming this counting was a two-year event, Pepi I at least ruled for 50 years. It is therefore assumed that the 20 years credited to him in the Turin Kinglist is based on an error. It is possible that Pepi's nomen Merire may have caused him to be confused with his successor, Merenre I.
IV,4 : Merenre I
/// rnp.t 44
/// 4 years
Note: Reconstruction by Gardiner, who was quite convinced that the number 40 was missing in the lacuna. Recently, however, Merenre is credited with a much shorter reign, of 14 or even 5 years. It is possble that the few years that the Turin Kinglist credits to Pepi I is due to a confusion between Pepi and Merenre, and that some of the years of Pepi have been erroneously credited to Merenre.
IV,5 : Pepi II
/// rnp.t 90
/// 90 years
IV,6 : Merenre II ?
/// rnp.t 1, ibd 1
/// 1 year and 1 month
IV,7 : (lost)
The lost line between Merenre II and Nitocris is somewhat surprising and might perhaps be the result of a misplacing of a fragment.
IV,8 : Nitocris
[nsw] bi.tj (ntiqrtj)
[The King of Upper] and Lower Egypt Nitocris ///
IV,9 : Neferka
[nsw] bi.tj (nfr kA) Xrd (?) ///
[The King of Upper] and Lower Egypt Neferka ///
IV,10 : Nefer
[nsw] bi.tj (nfr) /// rnp.t 2, ibd 1, hrw 1
[The King of Upper] and Lower Egypt Nefer /// 2 years, 1 month and 1 day
IV,11 : Ibi
[nsw bi.tj] ibi /// [rnp.t] 4, ibd 2, hrw 1
[The King of Upper and Lower Egypt] Ibi /// 4 years and 2 months
IV,12 : (unknown king)
/// [rnp].t 2, ibd 1, hrw 1
/// 2 years, 1 day and 1 month ///
IV,13 : (unknown king)
/// [rnp].t 1 (?)
/// 1 year
Note: The significance of the last sign is not clear.
IV,14/15 : (summation for this group)
/// nsj.w /// [rnp.wt] 181
/// ibd 6, hrw 3, Hw DfA 6, dmD /// nsj.t
/// kings /// 181 years,
6 [months] and 3 days, "erased" 6, total /// kingship
IV,16/17 : (summation for this section and the previous section)
/// mni, nsj.t=sn, rnp.(w)t=sn Hw DfA///
/// ibd 9, hrw 6, Hw DfA rnp.t 6
/// rnp.(w)t 955, hrw 10
[Total of kings beginning with] Menes, their kingship, their years [their ?] "erased",
/// 9 months, 16 days, "erased" 6 years
total /// 955 years and 10 days
- Note: I have split line 16 into 2 separate lines.
In the original text, it is one long line.
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The following is a hieroglyphic transcription and translation
into English of the Turin Kinglist, column IV, line 1 to column IV, line 17. This
section corresponds to Dynasties 6 and 7/8.
It contains two summations: one for this section proper and one for this section
combined with the previous one. It is odd that the composer of the Kinglist,
or its source, felt the need to distinguish between the kings up to the 5th
Dynasty and those of the 6th to 8th Dynasty, only to combine them in an additional
Please note that you need to have the transliteration
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